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Epinephrine cardiac arrest

Maude St-Onge, Kurt Anseeuw, Frank Lee Cantrell, Ian C Gilchrist, Philippe Hantson, Benoit Bailey, Valéry Lavergne, Sophie Gosselin, William Kerns, Martin Laliberté, Eric J Lavonas, David N Juurlink, John Muscedere, Chen-Chang Yang, Tasnim Sinuff, Michael Rieder, Bruno Mégarbane
OBJECTIVE: To provide a management approach for adults with calcium channel blocker poisoning. DATA SOURCES, STUDY SELECTION, AND DATA EXTRACTION: Following the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation II instrument, initial voting statements were constructed based on summaries outlining the evidence, risks, and benefits. DATA SYNTHESIS: We recommend 1) for asymptomatic patients, observation and consideration of decontamination following a potentially toxic calcium channel blocker ingestion (1D); 2) as first-line therapies (prioritized based on desired effect), IV calcium (1D), high-dose insulin therapy (1D-2D), and norepinephrine and/or epinephrine (1D)...
October 3, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Andrew A M Ibey, Derek Andrews, Barb Ferreira
The authors present a case in which a physical anomaly with an infusion pump resulted in an unforeseen fault that the nurse's attempts to resolve unknowingly exacerbated. This case study presents the first report in the literature to detail the difficulty in recreating a patient safety event using smart pump logs, support server continuous quality improvement (CQI) data, and the drug order entry system to elucidate the clinical scenario. A 75-year-old male patient presented to a major teaching hospital and was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with a massive gastrointestinal bleed and myocardial infarction, then stabilized...
December 2016: Drug Saf Case Rep
Bana Agha Nasser, Julinar Idris, Abdu Rahman Mesned, Tageldein Mohamad, Mohamed S Kabbani, Ali Alakfash
BACKGROUND: Outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children with congenital heart disease have improved and many children have survived after an in-hospital cardiac arrest. AIM: The purpose of this study is to determine predictors of poor outcome after CPR in critical children undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review and data analysis of all CPR records and charts of all postoperative cardiac children who had a cardiac arrest and required resuscitation from 2011 until 2015...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Kathleen L Meert, Russell Telford, Richard Holubkov, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationships between cardiac arrest characteristics and survival and neurobehavioral outcome among children recruited to the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial data. SETTING: Thirty-six PICUs in the United States and Canada. PATIENTS: All children (n = 295) had chest compressions for greater than or equal to 2 minutes, were comatose, and required mechanical ventilation after return of circulation...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Hyo Shik Kim, Kyung Eun Lee, Ji Hyun Oh, Chan Sung Jung, Dughyun Choi, Yunsuek Kim, Jin Seok Jeon, Dong Cheol Han, Hyunjin Noh
A 65-year-old man was transferred from the Department of Vascular Surgery to Nephrology because of cardiac arrest during hemodialysis. He underwent incision and drainage for treatment of a buttock abscess. Nafamostat mesilate was used as an anticoagulant for hemodialysis to address bleeding from the incision and drainage site. Sudden cardiac arrest occurred after 15 minutes of dialysis. The patient was treated in the intensive care unit for 5 days. Continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration was started without any anticoagulant in the intensive care unit...
September 2016: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
Christian Steinberg, Gareth J Padfield, Jean Champagne, Shubhayan Sanatani, Paul Angaran, Jason G Andrade, Jason D Roberts, Jeffrey S Healey, Vijay S Chauhan, David H Birnie, Mikyla Janzen, Brenda Gerull, George J Klein, Richard Leather, Christopher S Simpson, Colette Seifer, Mario Talajic, Martin Gardner, Andrew D Krahn
BACKGROUND: Unexplained cardiac arrest (UCA) may be explained by inherited arrhythmia syndromes. The Cardiac Arrest Survivors With Preserved Ejection Fraction Registry prospectively assessed first-degree relatives of UCA or sudden unexplained death victims to screen for cardiac abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: Around 398 first-degree family members (186 UCA, 212 sudden unexplained death victims' relatives; mean age, 44±17 years) underwent extensive cardiac workup, including ECG, signal averaged ECG, exercise testing, cardiac imaging, Holter-monitoring, and selective provocative drug testing with epinephrine or procainamide...
September 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Patricia Jabre, Wulfran Bougouin, Florence Dumas, Pierre Carli, Corinne Antoine, Laurent Jacob, Benjamin Dahan, Frankie Beganton, Jean-Philippe Empana, Eloi Marijon, Nicole Karam, Alexandre Loupy, Carmen Lefaucheur, Daniel Jost, Alain Cariou, Frédéric Adnet, Thomas D Rea, Xavier Jouven
Background: In patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), care requirements can conflict with the need to promptly focus efforts on organ donation in patients who are pronounced dead. Objective: To evaluate objective criteria for identifying patients with OHCA with no chance of survival during the first minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation to enable prompt orientation toward organ donation. Design: Retrospective assessment using OHCA data from 2 registries and 1 trial...
September 13, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Qin Yin, Cai-Jun Wu, Jun Yang, Chen-Chen Hang, Chun-Sheng Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Shenfu Injection (, SFI) on cerebral metabolism in a porcine model of cardiac arrest (CA). METHODS: Thirty Wuzhishan minipigs were randomly assigned to the control group (n=6), epinephrine group (EP group, n=12) and Sfigroup (n=12). After 8 min of untreated ventricular fifibrillation (VF), pigs in the EP group or Sfigroup were administered with either EP (0.02 mg/kg) or Sfi(1.0 mL/kg), respectively. After successful resuscitation, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of glucose, pyruvate, lactate, glutamate and glycerol were measured at 1, 6, 12 and 24 h after recover from spontaneous circulation (ROSC)...
September 10, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Wei Gu, Qian Zhang, Chun-Sheng Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether Shen-Fu Injection (, SFI) reduces post-resuscitation immune dysfunction in a porcine model of cardiac arrest by modulating apoptosis of regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg) in the spleen. METHODS: After 8-min untreated ventricular fibrillation and 2-min basic life support, 24 pigs were divided into 3 groups with a random number table, i.e. SFI group, epinephrine (EP) group, and saline (SA) group (8 in each group), which received central venous injection of SFI (1...
September 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
H Tanaka, H Takyu, R Sagisaka, H Ueta, Toru Shirakawa, Tomoya Kinoshi, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Takashi Nakagawa, Syuji Shimazaki, M Ong Eng Hock
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the time-independent effect of the early administration of epinephrine (EPI) on favorable neurological outcome (as CPC [cerebral performance category] 1-2) at 1 month in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 119 639 witnessed cardiac arrest patients from 2008 to 2012 were eligible for this nationwide, prospective, population-based observational study. Patients were divided into EPI group (n = 20 420) and non-EPI group (n = 99 219)...
August 19, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Charles D Deakin, Jie Yang, Robert Nguyen, Jiawen Zhu, Stephen J Brett, Jerry P Nolan, Gavin D Perkins, David G Pogson, Sam Parnia
BACKGROUND: Epinephrine has been presumed to improve cerebral oxygen delivery during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), but animal and registry studies suggest that epinephrine-induced capillary vasoconstriction may decrease cerebral capillary blood flow and worsen neurological outcome. The effect of epinephrine on cerebral oxygenation (rSO2) during CPR has not been documented in the clinical setting. METHODS: rSO2 was measured continuously using cerebral oximetry in patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest...
August 31, 2016: Resuscitation
Jonathan Lipps, Andrew Goldberg, Samuel DeMaria, Yury Khelemsky, Adam Levine, Vedat Yildiz, Bryan Mahoney
With pulseless electrical activity (PEA) emerging as one of the leading cardiac arrest arrhythmias, the rapid response and accurate diagnosis of PEA is essential to improve survival rates. Although the use of invasive blood pressure monitoring to more quickly detect changes in blood pressure is widespread, evidence for its use is largely anecdotal and placement is not without risk. This is a prospective, multi-center, randomized controlled trial involving 58 senior anesthesiology residents undergoing a simulation of intraoperative PEA using high-fidelity simulation...
August 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Merlin Pinto, Anne Lee Solevåg, Megan OʼReilly, Khalid Aziz, Po-Yin Cheung, Georg M Schmölzer
AIM: Guidelines for newborn resuscitation state that if the heart rate does not increase despite adequate ventilation and chest compressions, adrenaline administration should be considered. However, controversy exists around the safety and effectiveness of adrenaline in newborn resuscitation. The aim of this review was to summarise a selection of the current knowledge about adrenaline during resuscitation and evaluate its relevance to newborn infants. METHODS: A search in PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar until September 1, 2015, using search terms including adrenaline/epinephrine, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, death, severe brain injury, necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and adrenaline versus vasopressin/placebo...
August 13, 2016: Neonatology
Anna Sina P Meyer, Sisse R Ostrowski, Jesper Kjaergaard, Pär I Johansson, Christian Hassager
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality following initial survival of cardiac arrest remain high despite great efforts to improve resuscitation techniques and post-resuscitation care, in part due to the ischemia-reperfusion injury secondary to the restoration of the blood circulation. Patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest display evidence of endothelial injury and coagulopathy (hypocoagulability, hyperfibrinolysis), which in associated with poor outcome. Recent randomized controlled trials have revealed that treatment with infusion of prostacyclin reduces endothelial damage after major surgery and AMI...
2016: Trials
Tatsuma Fukuda, Naoko Ohashi-Fukuda, Takehiro Matsubara, Masataka Gunshin, Yutaka Kondo, Naoki Yahagi
PURPOSE: The effect of prehospital epinephrine on neurological outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is still controversial. We sought to determine whether prehospital epinephrine administration was associated with improved outcomes in adult OHCA. METHODS: A nationwide, population-based, propensity score-matched study of OHCA patients from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2012, in Japan was conducted. We included adult OHCA patients treated by emergency medical service personnel without an excessive delay...
October 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Anne-Sophie Ducloy-Bouthors, Max Gonzalez-Estevez, Benjamin Constans, Alexandre Turbelin, Catherine Barre-Drouard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Frank W Moler, Jamie S Hutchison, Vinay M Nadkarni, Faye S Silverstein, Kathleen L Meert, Richard Holubkov, Kent Page, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean
OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes and complications in the drowning subgroup from the Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial. DESIGN: Exploratory post hoc cohort analysis. SETTING: Twenty-four PICUs. PATIENTS: Pediatric drowning cases. INTERVENTIONS: Therapeutic hypothermia versus therapeutic normothermia. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: An exploratory study of pediatric drowning from the Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial was conducted...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Sivaprasad Veerbhadran, Asher Ennis Nayagam, Sandeep Ramraj, Jaganathan Raghavan
Hyperkalemia is not an uncommon complication of cardiac surgical procedures. Intractable hyperkalemia is a difficult situation that can even lead to death. We report on a postoperative case in a patient in whom a sudden decrease of epinephrine led to intractable hyperkalemia and cardiac arrest. We wish to draw the reader's attention to the issue that sudden discontinuation of epinephrine can lead to dangerous hyperkalemia.
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Wang Yu, Liu Jianhong, Wang Weili, Shen Peng, Shen Zhongyang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes in cyclophilin A (CyPA) signal pathway in rat myocardial tissue after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS: Sixty-eight healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into sham operation group (n = 8), instantaneous CPR after cardiac arrest (CA), immediate CPR after CA (CRP), and 15, 30, 60 and 120 minutes after CPR groups, respectively, with 10 rats in each group. Asphyxia was simulated by occlusion of the tracheal tube at the end of exhalation...
December 2015: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Jean-François Llitjos, Georgios Sideris, Sebastian Voicu, Claire Bal Dit Sollier, Nicolas Deye, Bruno Megarbane, Ludovic Drouet, Patrick Henry, Jean-Guillaume Dillinger
AIM OF THE STUDY: Acute coronary syndrome is one of the main causes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). OHCA patients are particularly exposed to high platelet reactivity (HPR) under aspirin (ASA) treatment. The aim was to evaluate HPR-ASA in therapeutic hypothermia comatose patients resuscitated from OHCA. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-two consecutive patients with OHCA of cardiac origin were prospectively included after therapeutic hypothermia and randomized to receive ASA 100mg per day, either intravenously (n=13) or orally via a gastric tube (n=9)...
August 2016: Resuscitation
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