keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Life saving intervention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917833/values-based-shared-decision-making-in-the-antenatal-period
#1
REVIEW
Stephanie K Kukora, Renee D Boss
Despite advances in life-saving technology for critically ill neonates, challenges continue to arise for infants delivered with extreme prematurity, congenital anomalies, and genetic conditions that exceed the limits of currently available interventions. In these situations, parents are forced to make cognitively and emotionally difficult decisions, in discussion with a neonatologist, regarding how aggressively to provide supportive measures at the time of delivery and at what point burdens of therapy outweigh benefits...
September 13, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916013/the-emergency-department-challenges-and-opportunities-for-suicide-prevention
#2
REVIEW
Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow, Kalina Babeva, Elizabeth Horstmann
Emergency departments (EDs) can offer life-saving suicide prevention care. This article focuses on the ED and emergency services as service delivery sites for suicide prevention. Characteristics of EDs, models of emergency care, ED screening and brief intervention models, and practice guidelines and parameters are reviewed. A care process model for youths at risk for suicide and self-harm is presented, with guidance for clinicians based on the scientific evidence. Strengthening emergency infrastructure and integrating effective suicide prevention strategies derived from scientific research are critical for advancing suicide prevention objectives...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913624/emergency-neurological-life-support-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#3
Brian L Edlow, Owen Samuels
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a neurological emergency because it may lead to sudden neurological decline and death and, depending on the cause, has treatment options that can return a patient to normal. Because there are interventions that can be life-saving in the first few hours after onset, SAH was chosen as an Emergency Neurological Life Support (ENLS) protocol.
September 14, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913601/emergency-neurological-life-support-approach-to-the-patient-with-coma
#4
Rhonda S Cadena, Aarti Sarwal
Coma is an acute failure of neuronal systems governing arousal and awareness and represents a medical emergency. When encountering a comatose patient, the clinician must have an organized approach to detect easily remediable causes, prevent ongoing neurologic injury, and determine a hierarchical plan for diagnostic tests, treatments, and neuromonitoring. Coma was chosen as an Emergency Neurological Life Support protocol because timely medical and surgical interventions can be life-saving, and the initial work-up of such patients is critical to establishing a correct diagnosis...
September 14, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910342/home-modification-to-reduce-falls-at-a-health-district-level-modeling-health-gain-health-inequalities-and-health-costs
#5
Nick Wilson, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Frank Pega, Nisha Nair, Tony Blakely
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that home safety assessment and modification (HSAM) is effective in reducing falls in older people. But there are various knowledge gaps, including around cost-effectiveness and also the impacts at a health district-level. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A previously established Markov macro-simulation model built for the whole New Zealand (NZ) population (Pega et al 2016, Injury Prevention) was enhanced and adapted to a health district level...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902814/-life-saving-interventions-in-subacute-thrombosis-of-crural-and-plantar-arteries
#6
S A Platonov, V V Zavatskiĭ, A S Novitskiĭ, I A Alimkhadzhiev, A V Zenin, V N Zhigalo, D V Kandyba, I P Dudanov
The authors report a clinical case concerning successful endovascular treatment for subacute thrombosis of crural and plantar arteries in a patient with the only leg, substantiating therapeutic decision making with due regard for the duration of thrombosis and localization of the lesion of the arterial bed. Taking into consideration the statistical data on survival in case of performing major amputation in this cohort of patients, an 'aggressive' endovascular approach including three vascularizations made it possible not only to preserve the leg but also to save the patient's life...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878175/modelled-cost-effectiveness-of-a-package-size-cap-and-a-kilojoule-reduction-intervention-to-reduce-energy-intake-from-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-australia
#7
Michelle Crino, Ana Maria Mantilla Herrera, Jaithri Ananthapavan, Jason H Y Wu, Bruce Neal, Yong Yi Lee, Miaobing Zheng, Anita Lal, Gary Sacks
Interventions targeting portion size and energy density of food and beverage products have been identified as a promising approach for obesity prevention. This study modelled the potential cost-effectiveness of: a package size cap on single-serve sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) >375 mL ( package size cap ), and product reformulation to reduce energy content of packaged SSBs ( energy reduction ). The cost-effectiveness of each intervention was modelled for the 2010 Australia population using a multi-state life table Markov model with a lifetime time horizon...
September 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876599/a-case-report-of-delayed-presentation-of-a-patient-with-a-ruptured-diaphragm-complicated-by-obstructed-diaphragmatic-hernia-with-gut-gangrene
#8
A Vyas, G Goel
Diaphragmatic rupture is a common occurrence following a major chest trauma and is most commonly associated with road-traffic accidents. Here we report a case of delayed presentation of a 40-year-old man with a ruptured diaphragm with obstruction and bowel infarction, three and a half year following a blunt trauma to chest. This case illustrates how the diagnosis and aggressive management of ruptured diaphragm can be central to life saving and demonstrates the importance of early intervention in cases with features suggestive of compromise of bowel vascularity...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874667/erratum-treating-tobacco-dependence-guidance-for-primary-care-on-life-saving-interventions-position-statement-of-the-ipcrg
#9
O C P Van Schayck, S Williams, V Barchilon, N Baxter, M Jawad, P A Katsaounou, B J Kirenga, C Panaitescu, I G Tsiligianni, N Zwar, A Ostrem
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this article.
September 5, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872677/immunogenicity-assessment-during-the-development-of-protein-therapeutics
#10
REVIEW
Amy S Rosenberg, Zuben E Sauna
OBJECTIVE: Here we provide a critical review of the state of the art with respect to non-clinical assessments of immunogenicity for therapeutic proteins. KEY FINDINGS: The number of studies on immunogenicity published annually has more than doubled in the last 5 years. The science and technology, which have reached a critical mass, provide multiple of non-clinical approaches (computational, in vitro, ex vivo and animal models) to first predict and then to modify or eliminate T-cell or B-cell epitopes via de-immunization strategies...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869006/amisulpride-augmentation-in-clozapine-unresponsive-schizophrenia-amicus-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomised-trial-of-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness
#11
Thomas Re Barnes, Verity C Leeson, Carol Paton, Louise Marston, Linda Davies, William Whittaker, David Osborn, Raj Kumar, Patrick Keown, Rameez Zafar, Khalid Iqbal, Vineet Singh, Pavel Fridrich, Zachary Fitzgerald, Hemant Bagalkote, Peter M Haddad, Mariwan Husni, Tim Amos
BACKGROUND: When treatment-refractory schizophrenia shows an insufficient response to a trial of clozapine, clinicians commonly add a second antipsychotic, despite the lack of robust evidence to justify this practice. OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the study were to establish the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of augmentation of clozapine medication with a second antipsychotic, amisulpride, for the management of treatment-resistant schizophrenia...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867654/preterm-behavioral-epigenetics-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Livio Provenzi, Elena Guida, Rosario Montirosso
Behavioral epigenetics is revealing new pathways that lead individuals from early adversity exposures to later-in-life detrimental outcomes. Preterm birth constitutes one of the major adverse events in human development. Preterm infants are hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) where they are exposed to life-saving yet pain-inducing procedures and to protective care. The application of behavioral epigenetics to the field of preterm studies (i.e., Preterm Behavioral Epigenetics, PBE) is rapidly growing and holds promises to provide valid insights for research and clinical activity...
September 1, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858741/a-rare-case-report-of-patent-vitellointestinal-duct-causing-bowel-obstruction-in-an-adult
#13
Tika Ram Bhandari, Sudha Shahi, Manish Gautam, Sanjay Pandey
INTRODUCTION: Patent vitellointestinal duct occurs in about 2% of the population which unusually leads to small intestinal obstruction associated with high morbidity and mortality. Here we are reporting an unusual case of patent vitellointestinal duct causing small intestinal obstruction in an adult patient. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 22-year-old male without any medical illness presented as an emergency with a 3day hystory of abdominal pain, multiple episode of vomiting and abdominal distention...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851766/modelling-the-cost-of-community-interventions-to-reduce-child-mortality-in-south-africa-using-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#14
Lungiswa Ll Nkonki, Lumbwe L Chola, Aviva A Tugendhaft, Karen K Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the costs and impact on reducing child mortality of scaling up interventions that can be delivered by community health workers at community level from a provider's perspective. SETTING: In this study, we used the Lives Saved Tool (LiST), a module in the spectrum software. Within the spectrum software, LiST interacts with other modules, the AIDS Impact Module, Family Planning Module and Demography Projections Module (Dem Proj), to model the impact of more than 60 interventions that affect cause-specific mortality...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839948/uterine-torsion-in-a-full-term-pregnant-cat
#15
Kohei Kuroda, Tomohiro Osaki, Kazuki Harada, Masamichi Yamashita, Yusuke Murahata, Kazuo Azuma, Takeshi Tsuka, Norihiko Ito, Tomohiro Imagawa, Yoshiharu Okamoto
CASE SUMMARY: A 5-year-old intact female Maine Coon cat presented with a 2 day history of lethargy, anorexia and anaemia. The cat had bred 60 days previously and jumped from a height 3 days earlier, which was followed by a worsening of its condition. Ultrasonography revealed that two fetuses had died and one remained alive. Urgent surgical intervention was deemed necessary, and the cat underwent a blood transfusion and laparotomy. The right uterine horn was dark red in appearance and had rotated 360° in the clockwise direction at its base...
July 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839511/the-core-of-sibling-stem-cell-donation-a-grounded-theory-study
#16
Annika M Kisch, Anna Forsberg
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of theoretical framework supporting stem cell transplant nurses in their assessment, judgment and caring interventions of sibling stem cell donors. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore sibling stem cell donors' main concerns and how they deal with them before and after donation. METHOD: Ten healthy sibling donors, 5 men and 5 women, with a median age of 54 years were included in this study when they were due to donate stem cells to a brother or sister...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838157/placing-human-behavior-at-the-center-of-the-fight-to-eradicate-polio-lessons-learned-and-their-application-to-other-life-saving-interventions
#17
Sherine Guirguis, Rafael Obregon, Michael Coleman, Benjamin Hickler, Gillian SteelFisher
Today, acceptance of oral polio vaccine is the highest ever. Reaching this level of acceptance has depended on decades of engaging with communities, building trust amid extraordinary social contexts, and responding to the complex variables that trigger behavioral and social change. Drawing on both the successes and setbacks in the 28 years of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), this article articulates what happened when the GPEI began to pay more attention to the dynamics of human and social behavior change...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836484/the-influence-of-crisis-resolution-treatment-on-employment-a-retrospective-register-based-comparative-study
#18
Emely Ek Blæhr, Jacob Vagner Madsen, Nanna Limskov Stærk Christiansen, Pia Vedel Ankersen
Crisis resolution treatment (CRT) is a short-term acute psychiatric home-based treatment offered as an alternative to hospitalization. The purpose of CRT is to support patient recovery by maintaining and improving competencies in relation to everyday life. Individuals with mental disorders are at increased risk of leaving the labor market, which is a central aspect of everyday life. Thus, a primary outcome of interest is whether CRT enables higher employment compared with traditional hospitalization. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of CRT compared with hospitalization in relation to attempted or committed suicides, admissions, readmissions and employment...
August 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835423/cost-effectiveness-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-study-supplements-in-the-uk-combined-trial-and-real-world-outcomes-data
#19
Aaron Y Lee, Thomas Butt, Emily Chew, Elvira Agron, Traci E Clemons, Catherine A Egan, Cecilia S Lee, Adnan Tufail
AIMS: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) 1 & 2 supplements in patients with either bilateral intermediate age-related macular degeneration, AREDS category 3, or unilateral neovascular age-related macular degeneration AMD (nAMD), AREDS category 4. METHODS: A patient-level health state transition model based on levels of visual acuity in the better-seeing eye was constructed to simulate the costs and consequences of patients taking AREDS vitamin supplements...
August 23, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833619/cost-effective-options-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-gastrointestinal-and-liver-disease-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#20
REVIEW
Ian C Roberts-Thomson, Thomas Lung
The Asia-Pacific region contains more than half of the world's population and is markedly heterogeneous in relation to income levels and the provision of public and private health services. For low-income countries, the major health priorities are child and maternal health. In contrast, priorities for high-income countries include vascular disease, cancer, diabetes, dementia and mental health disorders as well as chronic inflammatory disorders such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Cost-effectiveness analyses are methods for assessing the gains in health relative to the costs of different health interventions...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
keyword
keyword
24289
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"