keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ntd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162720/direct-interactions-of-mitotic-arrest-deficient-1-mad1-domains-with-each-other-and-mad2-conformers-are-required-for-mitotic-checkpoint-signaling
#1
Wenbin Ji, Yibo Luo, Ejaz Ahmad, Song-Tao Liu
As a sensitive signaling system, the mitotic checkpoint ensures faithful chromosome segregation by delaying anaphase onset even when a single kinetochore is unattached to mitotic spindle microtubules. The key signal amplification reaction for the checkpoint is the conformational conversion of "open" mitotic arrest deficient 2 (O-MAD2) into "closed" MAD2 (C-MAD2). The reaction has been suggested to be catalyzed by an unusual catalyst, a MAD1:C-MAD2 tetramer, but how the catalysis is executed and regulated remains elusive...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162404/neglected-tropical-diseases-neglected-communities-and-conflict-how-do-we-leave-no-one-behind
#2
Julie Jacobson, Simon Bush
Most well established neglected tropical disease (NTD) programs have seen great progress towards disease control or elimination. Areas in conflict, however, are a looming challenge to reaching control and elimination targets. To be successful, programs and partners need to creatively adapt to local circumstances and embrace new colleagues not traditionally seen as NTD implementers.
November 18, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155181/the-role-of-n-terminal-segment-and-membrane-association-in-myd88-mediated-signaling
#3
Monika Avbelj, Gabriela Panter, Roman Jerala
MyD88 is a central signaling mediator of innate immunity, composed of the N-terminal death (DD) and C-terminal Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain linked by an intermediary (INT) domain. We showed that the N-terminal domain (NTD), composed of apparently unstructured 21 amino-acid residues, is involved in localization and clustering of MyD88 and is required for the efficient signaling, since the deletion mutant is unable to reconstitute MyD88-dependent signaling. Furthermore, we found that the NTD peptide interacts with phosphatidic acid, which potentiates MyD88-mediated signaling through TLRs...
November 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142233/crystal-structure-of-the-n-terminal-domain-of-human-cdc73-and-its-implications-for-the-hyperparathyroidism-jaw-tumor-hpt-jt-syndrome
#4
Wei Sun, Xiao-Lin Kuang, Yan-Ping Liu, Li-Fei Tian, Xiao-Xue Yan, Wenqing Xu
CDC73/Parafibromin is a critical component of the Paf1 complex (PAF1C), which is involved in transcriptional elongation and histone modifications. Mutations of the human CDC73/HRPT2 gene are associated with hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor (HPT-JT) syndrome, an autosomal dominant disorder. CDC73/parafibromin was initially recognized as a tumor suppressor by inhibiting cell proliferation via repression of cyclin D1 and c-myc genes. In recent years, it has also shown oncogenic features by activating the canonical Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141763/pilot-study-of-the-addition-of-mass-treatment-for-malaria-to-existing-school-based-programs-to-treat-neglected-tropical-diseases
#5
Lauren M Cohee, Moses Chilombe, Andrew Ngwira, Samuel K Jemu, Don P Mathanga, Miriam K Laufer
Malaria and neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), including schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminths, threaten the health of school aged in sub-Saharan Africa. Established school-based mass drug administration (MDA) programs are used to control NTDs. Recent clinical trials have shown benefit of mass treatment of malaria in schools. The potential of adding malaria treatment to existing NTD programs has not been thoroughly evaluated. We offered malaria treatment with artemether-lumefantrine during routine NTD MDA and developed peer education programs in two primary schools in southern Malawi...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139138/folate-status-in-women-of-reproductive-age-as-basis-of-neural-tube-defect-risk-assessment
#6
Lynn B Bailey, Dorothy B Hausman
Reliable folate status data for women of reproductive age (WRA) to assess global risk for neural tube defects (NTDs) are needed. We focus on a recent recommendation by the World Health Organization that a specific "optimal" red blood cell (RBC) folate concentration be used as the sole indicator of NTD risk within a population and discuss how to best apply this guidance to reach the goal of assessing NTD risk globally. We also emphasize the importance of using the microbiologic assay (MBA) as the most reliable assay for obtaining comparable results for RBC folate concentration across time and countries, the need for harmonization of the MBA through use of consistent key reagents and procedures within laboratories, and the requirement to apply assay-matched cutoffs for folate deficiency and insufficiency...
November 15, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137663/patent-landscape-of-neglected-tropical-diseases-an-analysis-of-worldwide-patent-families
#7
Folahanmi Tomiwa Akinsolu, Vitor Nobre de Paiva, Samuel Santos Souza, Orsolya Varga
BACKGROUND: "Neglected Tropical Diseases" (NTDs) affect millions of people in Africa, Asia and South America. The two primary ways of strategic interventions are "preventive chemotherapy and transmission control" (PCT), and "innovative and intensified disease management" (IDM). In the last 5 years, phenomenal progress has been achieved. However, it is crucial to intensify research effort into NTDs, because of the emerging drug resistance. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the term NTDs covers 17 diseases, namely buruli ulcer, Chagas disease, dengue, dracunculiasis, echinococcosis, trematodiasis, human African trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, leprosy, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, rabies, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthes, taeniasis, trachoma, and yaws...
November 14, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136175/structural-basis-of-effector-and-operator-recognition-by-the-phenolic-acid-responsive-transcriptional-regulator-padr
#8
Sun Cheol Park, Yun Mi Kwak, Wan Seok Song, Minsun Hong, Sung-Il Yoon
The PadR family is a large group of transcriptional regulators that function as environmental sensors. PadR negatively controls the expression of phenolic acid decarboxylase, which detoxifies harmful phenolic acids. To identify the mechanism by which PadR regulates phenolic acid-mediated gene expression, we performed structural and mutational studies of effector and operator recognition by Bacillus subtilis PadR. PadR contains an N-terminal winged helix-turn-helix (wHTH) domain (NTD) and a C-terminal homodimerization domain (CTD) and dimerizes into a dolmen shape...
November 9, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128408/adding-folic-acid-to-corn-masa-flour-partnering-to-improve-pregnancy-outcomes-and-reduce-health-disparities
#9
REVIEW
Alina L Flores, Amy M Cordero, Michael Dunn, Joseph E Sniezek, Miguel A Arce, Krista S Crider, Sarah Tinker, Cynthia Pellegrini, Rita Carreón, Jose Estrada, Sara Struwe, Coleen Boyle
Although strides have been made in preventing neural tube defects (NTDs), Hispanic women remain more likely to have a baby born with an NTD and less likely to know the benefits of, or consume, folic acid than women of other race/ethnic groups. In 1998, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated that all enriched cereal grain products be fortified with folic acid; however, corn masa flour (CMF), used to make many corn products that are a diet staple of many Hispanic groups, was not included under this regulation...
November 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125517/genetic-epidemiology-of-neural-tube-defects
#10
Philip J Lupo, A J Agopian, Heidi Castillo, Jonathan Castillo, Gerald H Clayton, Nienke P Dosa, Betsy Hopson, David B Joseph, Brandon G Rocque, William O Walker, John S Wiener, Laura E Mitchell
It has been estimated that 60-70% of neural tube defects (NTDs) have a genetic component, but few causative genes have been identified. The lack of information on genes associated with non-syndromic NTDs in humans is especially notable as the "genomic revolution" has led to new tools (e.g., genome-wide genotyping arrays, next-generation sequencing) that are helping to elucidate the full spectrum of genetic variation (from common to rare) contributing to complex traits, including structural birth defects. However, the application of modern genomic approaches to the study of NTDs has lagged behind that of some other common structural birth defects...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125506/should-the-dose-of-folic-acid-be-adjusted-for-mexican-population-the-pilot-prevention-program-implemented-in-nuevo-leon-mexico
#11
Laura E Martinez de Villarreal
In 1980 Smithells et al. reported that the intake of folic acid (FA) prevents the recurrence of neural tube defects (NTDs) [1]. After this and several other studies were conducted, the intake of 400 micrograms of folic acid per day, at least three months before and three months during pregnancy for prevention of NTD, was proposed [2,3,4]. Other strategies were also developed to increase folate blood levels in woman of childbearing age such as promoting the consumption of folate rich foods and food fortification (flour and most recently rice) [5]...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095375/negative-temperature-differential-in-preterm-infants-less-than-29-weeks-gestational-age-associations-with-infection-and-maternal-smoking
#12
Robin B Knobel-Dail, Richard Sloane, Diane Holditch-Davis, David T Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is related to increased morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants; continuous temperature monitoring is necessary. Thermoregulation is limited in preterm infants. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to assess and describe negative temperature differential (NTD) and assess the associations of NTD with infant demographic characteristics, medical history, and clinical events. METHODS: An exploratory, case study design was used...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089943/molecular-insight-into-the-acryloyl-coa-hydration-by-acuh-for-acrylate-detoxification-in-dimethylsulfoniopropionate-catabolizing-bacteria
#13
Hai-Yan Cao, Peng Wang, Fei Xu, Ping-Yi Li, Bin-Bin Xie, Qi-Long Qin, Yu-Zhong Zhang, Chun-Yang Li, Xiu-Lan Chen
Microbial cleavage of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) producing dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and acrylate is an important step in global sulfur cycling. Acrylate is toxic for cells, and thus should be metabolized effectively for detoxification. There are two proposed pathways for acrylate metabolism in DMSP-catabolizing bacteria, the AcuN-AcuK pathway and the PrpE-AcuI pathway. AcuH is an acryloyl-CoA hydratase in DMSP-catabolizing bacteria and can catalyze the hydration of toxic acryloyl-CoA to produce 3-hydroxypropionyl-CoA (3-HP-CoA) in both the AcuN-AcuK pathway and the side path of the PrpE-AcuI pathway...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089106/development-of-carbotrap-b-packed-needle-trap-device-for-determination-of-volatile-organic-compounds-in-air
#14
Ali Poormohammadi, Abdulrahman Bahrami, Maryam Farhadian, Farshid Ghorbani Shahna, Alireza Ghiasvand
Carbotrap B as a highly pure surface sorbent with excellent adsorption/desorption properties was packed into a stainless steel needle to develop a new needle trap device (NTD). The performance of the prepared NTD was investigated for sampling, pre-concentration and injection of benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, o-xylene, and p-xylene (BTEX) into the column of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) device. Response surface methodology (RSM) with central composite design (CCD) was also employed in two separate consecutive steps to optimize the sampling and device parameters...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084235/biophysical-and-functional-characterization-of-the-n-terminal-domain-of-the-cat-t1r1-umami-taste-receptor-expressed-in-escherichia-coli
#15
Christine Belloir, Jimmy Savistchenko, Fabrice Neiers, Andrew J Taylor, Scott McGrane, Loïc Briand
Umami taste perception is mediated by the heterodimeric G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), formed by the assembly of T1R1 and T1R3 subunits. T1R1 and T1R3 subunits are class C GPCRs whose members share common structural homologies including a long N-terminal domain (NTD) linked to a seven transmembrane domain by a short cysteine-rich region. The NTD of the T1R1 subunit contains the primary binding site for umami stimuli, such as L-glutamate (L-Glu) for humans. Inosine-5'-monophosphate (IMP) binds at a location close to the opening of the T1R1-NTD "flytrap", thus creating the observed synergistic response between L-Glu and IMP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083935/tri-nucleotide-consortium-of-androgen-receptor-is-associated-with-low-serum-fsh-and-testosterone-in-asthenospermic-men
#16
Haroon Latif Khan, Shahzad Bhatti, Sana Abbas, Yousaf Latif Khan, Muhammad Aslamkhan, Rosa Maria Marquez Gonzalez, Gerardo Rodriguez Gonzalez, Hikmet Hakan Aydin, Magali Segundo Trinidad
Androgen mediating signaling is implicated in regulating the expression of reproductive related genes. Any deviation in the gene expression might be the ignitable precursor for genomic instability that inflames the genomic rearrangements and a leading cause of cancer. The main goal of this study was to determine the relationships between trinucleotide repeats of androgen receptor (AR), sex steroids, and sexual function in men presenting with reduced sperm motility. We investigated the singleton or combinatorial effects of the length of trinucleotide repeats of AR on reproductive hormones, clinical parameters, semen analyses, as well as sexual assessment function of 210 asthenospermic outpatients along with 125 normal subjects...
October 30, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078392/exploitation-of-an-iron-transporter-for-bacterial-protein-antibiotic-import
#17
Paul White, Amar Joshi, Patrice Rassam, Nicholas G Housden, Renata Kaminska, Jonathan D Goult, Christina Redfield, Laura C McCaughey, Daniel Walker, Shabaz Mohammed, Colin Kleanthous
Unlike their descendants, mitochondria and plastids, bacteria do not have dedicated protein import systems. However, paradoxically, import of protein bacteriocins, the mechanisms of which are poorly understood, underpins competition among pathogenic and commensal bacteria alike. Here, using X-ray crystallography, isothermal titration calorimetry, confocal fluorescence microscopy, and in vivo photoactivatable cross-linking of stalled translocation intermediates, we demonstrate how the iron transporter FpvAI in the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa is hijacked to translocate the bacteriocin pyocin S2 (pyoS2) across the outer membrane (OM)...
November 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073138/why-reinvent-the-wheel-lessons-in-schistosomiasis-control-from-the-past
#18
Clive Shiff
Schistosomiasis has been of concern to local health authorities for most of the last century, and in spite of a lack of effective chemotherapy, the disease was dealt with quite effectively in many endemic countries by snail control and environmental management [1]. Much of this work was reported in journals prior to the electronic era but, sadly, seems to have been subsequently ignored. For many years, there followed a global hiatus on schistosomiasis control, and much of the local expertise was lost, but many things have changed more recently, mainly with the advent of generic and affordable praziquantel...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070693/cryo-em-structure-of-porcine-delta-coronavirus-spike-protein-in-the-pre-fusion-state
#19
Jian Shang, Yuan Zheng, Yang Yang, Chang Liu, Qibin Geng, Wanbo Tai, Lanying Du, Yusen Zhou, Wei Zhang, Fang Li
Coronavirus spike proteins from different genera are divergent, although they all mediate coronavirus entry into cells by binding to host receptors and fusing viral and cell membranes. Here we determined the cryo-EM structure of porcine delta coronavirus (PdCoV) spike protein at 3.3-angstrom resolution. The trimeric protein contains three receptor-binding S1 subunits that tightly pack into a crown-like structure and three membrane-fusion S2 subunits that form a stalk. Each S1 subunit contains two domains, N-terminal domain (S1-NTD) and C-terminal domain (S1-CTD)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070678/dnac-the-indispensable-companion-of-dnab-helicase-controls-the-accessibility-of-dnab-helicase-by-primase
#20
Magdalena M Felczak, Sundari Chodavarapu, Jon M Kaguni
Former studies relying on hydrogen/deuterium exchange analysis suggest that DnaC bound to DnaB alters the conformation of the N-terminal domain (NTD) of DnaB to impair the ability of this DNA helicase to interact with primase. Supporting this idea, the work described herein based on biosensor experiments and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays shows that the DnaB-DnaC complex binds poorly to primase in comparison with DnaB alone. Using a structural model of DnaB complexed with the C-terminal domain (CTD) of primase, we found that Ile-85 is located at the interface in the NTD of DnaB that contacts primase...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
keyword
keyword
24282
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"