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Functional Classification

Marco Franceschini, Maria Pia Massimiani, Stefano Paravati, Maurizio Agosti
Return to work (RTW) for people with acquired brain injury (ABI) represents a main objective of rehabilitation: this work presents a strong correlation between personal well-being and quality of life. The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic factors that can predict RTW after ABI (traumatic or non- traumatic aetiology) in patients without disorders of consciousness (e.g. coma, vegetative or minimally conscious state) at the beginning of their admission to rehabilitation. At the end of a 6-month follow-up after discharge, data were successfully collected in 69 patients...
2016: PloS One
Marco Aurélio Fornazieri, Anibal Rodrigues Neto, Fabio de Rezende Pinna, Fabio Henrique Gobbi Porto, Paulo de Lima Navarro, Richard Louis Voegels, Richard L Doty
OBJECTIVE: Olfaction-related symptoms accompany migraine attacks and some, such as osmophobia, may be useful in differentiating migraine from other types of headaches. However, the types and frequencies of olfactory symptoms associated with migraine have not been well characterized. The goal of this study was to better characterize the olfactory symptoms of migraine. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was devised. One hundred and thirteen patients who met the International Classification of Headache Disorders II criteria for migraine were administered a new 65-item questionnaire specifically focused on olfaction-related experiences (eg, odor-related triggers, osmophobia, cacosmia, phantosmia, olfactory hallucinations, olfactory hypersensitivity, and self-perceived olfactory function)...
October 25, 2016: Headache
Bo Jin, Yi-Bing Su, Ji-Zong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Although pedicle screw placement (PSP) is a well-established technique for spine surgery, the treatment of patients with primary invasive spinal tumor (PIST) has high surgical risks secondary to destroyed pedicles. Intraoperative three-dimensional fluoroscopy-based navigation (ITFN) system permits safe and accurate instrumentation of the spine with the advantage of obtaining intraoperative real-time three-dimensional images and automatic registration. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of PSP using ITFN system for patients afflicted with PIST in the thoracic spine...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
M Viprey, R Jeannin, V Piriou, P Chevalier, C Michel, G Aulagner, J Berthiller, X Armoiry
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The complex dose regimens of the direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOAC) make their appropriate prescribing highly challenging. Inappropriate prescribing of the DOAC remains poorly addressed. We studied the patterns of DOAC prescription and estimated the prevalence of drug-related problems (DRPs) associated with their use. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from medical records system of the Lyon teaching hospitals...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Hamidreza Kavianpour, Mahdi Vasighi
Nowadays, having knowledge about cellular attributes of proteins has an important role in pharmacy, medical science and molecular biology. These attributes are closely correlated with the function and three-dimensional structure of proteins. Knowledge of protein structural class is used by various methods for better understanding the protein functionality and folding patterns. Computational methods and intelligence systems can have an important role in performing structural classification of proteins. Most of protein sequences are saved in databanks as characters and strings and a numerical representation is essential for applying machine learning methods...
October 24, 2016: Amino Acids
Gregory I Bain, Simon B M MacLean, Wing-Lim Tse, Pak-Cheong Ho, David M Lichtman
The assessment and management of Kienböck Disease (KD) has always been a conundrum. The Lichtman classification has traditionally been used to guide treatment based on imaging. Arthroscopy provides a direct visualization of the articular surface, allows probing of the surfaces, and enables minimally invasive techniques to be performed. The Lichtman-Bain classification is a new classification that takes into account the osseous, vascular, and cartilage aspects of the lunate and the secondary effects on the wrist...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Lihong Bai, Gengpeng Lin, Longhua Sun, Yangli Liu, Xinyan Huang, Chuangjie Cao, Yubiao Guo, Canmao Xie
Sirtuin6 (SIRT6), a member of the sirtuins protein family, plays multiple complex roles in cancer. Here, we report that elevated SIRT6 expression was correlated with clinicopathological parameters such as T and N classification in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient tumors. SIRT6 overexpression in NSCLC cell lines increased extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK)1/2 phosphorylation, activated matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and promoted tumor cell migration and invasion. Upon treatment with a specific mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) 1/2 inhibitor, these effects were abolished...
June 28, 2016: Oncotarget
Shintaro Maeno, Yasuhiro Tanizawa, Yu Kanesaki, Eri Kubota, Himanshu Kumar, Leon Dicks, Seppo Salminen, Junichi Nakagawa, Masanori Arita, Akihito Endo
Lactobacillus kunkeei is classified as a sole obligate fructophilic lactic acid bacterium that is found in fructose-rich niches, including the guts of honeybees. The species is differentiated from other lactobacilli based on its poor growth with glucose, enhanced growth in the presence of oxygen and other electron acceptors, and production of high concentrations of acetate from the metabolism of glucose. These characteristics are similar to phylogenetically distant Fructobacillus spp. In the present study, the genomic structure of L...
October 13, 2016: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
Yoshifumi Noda, Satoshi Goshima, Kimihiro Kajita, Hiroshi Kawada, Nobuyuki Kawai, Hiromi Koyasu, Masayuki Matsuo, Kyongtae T Bae
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between gadoxetic-acid-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging measurements and laboratory and clinical biomarkers of liver function and fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty nine consecutive patients with suspected liver disease or liver tumor underwent gadoxetic-acid-enhanced MR imaging. MR imaging measurements during the hepatobiliary phase included biliary tract structure-to-muscle signal intensity ratio (SIR)...
November 2016: European Journal of Radiology
E Rikandi, S Pamilo, T Mäntylä, J Suvisaari, T Kieseppä, R Hari, M Seppä, T T Raij
BACKGROUND: While group-level functional alterations have been identified in many brain regions of psychotic patients, multivariate machine-learning methods provide a tool to test whether some of such alterations could be used to differentiate an individual patient. Earlier machine-learning studies have focused on data collected from chronic patients during rest or simple tasks. We set out to unravel brain activation patterns during naturalistic stimulation in first-episode psychosis (FEP)...
October 25, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Tulin Akagun, Halil Yazici, Yasar Caliskan, Yasemin Ozluk, Sevgi Sahin, Aydin Turkmen, Isın Kılıcaslan, Mehmet Sukru Sever
BACKGROUND: Antibody-mediated rejection is a frequent cause of graft failure; however, prognostic indications of this complication have not been well defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of histopathological and clinical features and to determine the effect of these findings on allograft survival in patients with AMR. METHODS: Fifty-two patients suffered from AMR (30 male; mean age 39 ± 11 years) were included in the study. Data were investigated retrospectively and graft survival was analyzed...
October 24, 2016: Renal Failure
Sallie Baxendale, Pamela Thompson
The revised terminology and concepts for the organization of seizures and epilepsy proposed by the ILAE Commission on Classification and Terminology in 2010 allows for a number of new opportunities in the study of cognition and behavior in adults. This review examines the literature that has looked for behavioral and cognitive correlates of the newly recognized genetic epilepsies in adults. While some studies report clear cognitive phenotypes associated with specific genetic mutations in adults with epilepsy, others report remarkable clinical heterogeneity...
October 21, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Justin Ernat, Christine Ho, Robert L Wimberly, ChanHee Jo, Anthony I Riccio
BACKGROUND: Few studies have prospectively assessed functional outcomes after the surgical management of supracondylar humerus fractures (SCHFXs) and the relationship between fracture pattern and ultimate patient outcome has never been prospectively evaluated. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate fracture classification and functional outcome in children with extension SCHFXs using validated outcome measures. METHODS: An Institutional Review Board-approved prospective enrollment of consecutive patients with operative SCHFX was performed over a 3-year period...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Hongtao Guo, Xuyan Niu, Yan Gu, Cheng Lu, Cheng Xiao, Kevin Yue, Ge Zhang, Xiaohua Pan, Miao Jiang, Yong Tan, Hongwei Kong, Zhenli Liu, Guowang Xu, Aiping Lu
Pattern classification is a key approach in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), and it is used to classify the patients for intervention selection accordingly. TCM cold and heat patterns, two main patterns of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) had been explored with systems biology approaches. Different regulations of apoptosis were found to be involved in cold and heat classification in our previous works. For this study, the metabolic profiling of plasma was explored in RA patients with typical TCM cold or heat patterns by integrating liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) platforms in conjunction with the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Mohammed El Hassouni, Abdessamad Tafraouti, Hechmi Toumi, Eric Lespessailles, Rachid Jennane
Osteoporosis diagnosis has attracted particular attention in recent decades. Textured images from the microarchitecture of osteoporotic and healthy subjects show a high degree of similarity, increasing the difficulty of classifying such textures. Thus, the evaluation of osteoporosis from bone X-ray images presents a major challenge for pattern recognition and medical applications. The purpose of this paper is to use the fractional Brownian motion (fBm) model and the Probability Density Function (PDF) of its increments to compute a similarity measure with the Rao geodesic distance to classify trabecular bone X-ray images...
October 19, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Cüneyt Toprak, Gökhan Kahveci, Alev Kılıçgedik, Cevat Kırma, Selçuk Pala, Mustafa Bulut, Cihangir Kaymaz, Nihal Özdemir, İbrahim Akın İzgi, Mehmet İnanır, Anıl Avcı, Ali Metin Esen
OBJECTIVE: Mitral valve regurgitation (MR) is the second most common heart valve disease in Europe. Without intervention, prognosis of severe symptomatic MR is poor. Percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair with MitraClip is a promising mitral regurgitation treatment technique in select, high-surgical-risk patients. The present objective was to describe the experience of a single center with MitraClip use in a high-risk series in Turkey. METHODS: Between May 2013 and September 2014, 28 high-surgical-risk patients with MR of at least grade 3+ and mean EuroSCORE of 26% underwent MitraClip implantation at our institution...
October 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Chun Chen, Zenghong Lu, Jie Yang, Weichao Hao, Yujuan Qin, Huiyan Wang, Congying Xie, Raoying Xie
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may act as either tumor suppressors or oncogenes in various types of cancers. Previous studies have indicated that miR-17-5p is involved in the initiation and development of human tumors. However, its mechanism and function in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain largely unclear. In this study, we evaluated the expression profiles of miR-17-5p and p21 in NPC cell lines and tissues by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). For the analysis, we have established a stable overexpression or depletion of miR-17-5p NPC cell lines for analyzing the effects of cell proliferation by MTT, colony formation, and cell cycle assay...
October 24, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Amy E Felumlee, Angela J Marolf, Elissa K Randall, Annette M Bachand, Jessica M Quimby
Measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) via gamma camera uptake of 99mTc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid is a standard method for quantifying renal function. Aims of this retrospective, observer agreement study were to determine intra- and interobserver variation in GFR values for cats with chronic kidney disease and to determine whether renal insufficiency classification changed between observers. Guideline cut-points were established for the difference in repeated GFRs to differentiate changes caused by therapeutic effect vs...
October 23, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Uzma Jamil, M Usman Akram, Shehzad Khalid, Sarmad Abbas, Kashif Saleem
Digital dermoscopy aids dermatologists in monitoring potentially cancerous skin lesions. Melanoma is the 5th common form of skin cancer that is rare but the most dangerous. Melanoma is curable if it is detected at an early stage. Automated segmentation of cancerous lesion from normal skin is the most critical yet tricky part in computerized lesion detection and classification. The effectiveness and accuracy of lesion classification are critically dependent on the quality of lesion segmentation. In this paper, we have proposed a novel approach that can automatically preprocess the image and then segment the lesion...
2016: BioMed Research International
Joan A Vaccaro, Fatma G Huffman
Background. Approximately 17% of children aged 6-11 years were classified as obese in the United States. Obesity adversely affects physical functioning and leads to reduced quality of life. Heart function for overweight and obese children has not been reported. Methods. Data for this study were from NHANES National Youth Fitness Survey (NNYFS) conducted in conjunction with the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2012. This study used data from children aged 6-12 (N = 732) that had the cardiorespiratory endurance measure, body mass index for age and sex, and dietary data (N = 682)...
2016: Journal of Obesity
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