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Adapted sport

Keith H May, Andrew A Guccione, Michael C Edwards, Marc S Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship of self-efficacy to sports performance is well established, little attention has been paid to self-efficacy in the movements or actions that are required to perform daily activities and prepare the individual to resume sports participation following an injury and associated period of rehabilitation. There are no instruments to measure self-confidence in movement validated in an adolescent population. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to report on the development of the AMCaMP, a self-report measure of confidence in movement and provide some initial evidence to support its use as a measure of confidence in movement...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Kalliopi Vrotsou, Ricardo Cuéllar, Félix Silió, Miguel Ángel Rodriguez, Daniel Garay, Gorka Busto, Ziortza Trancho, Antonio Escobar
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to validate the self-report section of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons questionnaire (ASES-p) into Spanish. METHODS: Shoulder pathology patients were recruited and followed up to 6 months post treatment. The ASES-p, Constant, SF-36 and Barthel scales were filled-in pre and post treatment. Reliability was tested with Cronbach's alpha, convergent validity with Spearman's correlations coefficients. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and the Rasch model were implemented for assessing structural validity and unidimensionality of the scale...
October 18, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Ljiljana S Sulovic, Meho Mahmutovic, Snezana Lazic, Nenad Sulovic
: Aims "Athlete's heart" is a cardiac adaptation to long-term intensive training. The aims of this study were to show the prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy in teenagers who participate in sports, to define the different types of cardiac re-modelling, and to differentiate between physiological and pathological hypertrophy. METHOD: Echocardiographic measurements were obtained by M-mode, two dimensional, and Doppler techniques of participants from sports and control groups...
October 18, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Laurens Holmes, Joshua Tworig, Joseph Casini, Isabel Morgan, Kathleen O'Brien, Patricia Oceanic, Kirk Dabney
BACKGROUND: Sports-related concussion remains a public health challenge due to its morbidity and mortality. One of the consequences of concussion is cognitive impairment (CI) and cognitive-related symptoms (CRS) which determine, to some extent, physical and behavioral functioning of children who sustain concussion. Despite the high prevalence of CI and CRS associated with concussion, the risk factors are not fully understood. We aimed to characterize CRS and to examine its relationship with race, ethnicity, age, insurance, and sex in a pediatric population...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Michelle E Costanzo, John W VanMeter, Christopher M Janelle, Allen Braun, Matthew W Miller, Jessica Oldham, Bartlett A H Russell, Bradley D Hatfield
Skilled individuals demonstrate a spatially localized or relatively lower response in brain activity characterized as neural efficiency when performing within their domain of expertise. Elite athletes are experts in their chosen sport and thus must be not only adept in the motor domain but must be resilient to performing under the stress of high-level competition. Such stability of performance suggests this population processes emotion and mental stress in an adaptive and efficient manner. This study sought to determine if athletes with a history of successful performance under circumstances of mental stress demonstrate neural efficiency during affective challenges compared to age-matched controls...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
Carolyn R Plateau, Trent A Petrie, Anthony Papathomas
The present study used an open-ended survey to collect information about current eating practices and coping strategies among 218 retired female athletes. An inductive and deductive thematic analysis revealed three themes relevant to the intuitive eating framework-permission to eat; recognizing internal hunger and satiety cues; and eating to meet physical and nutritional needs. Athletes described feeling liberated with regards to their eating following retirement from sport, and for some this included an alleviation of disordered eating practices...
August 12, 2016: Eating Disorders
Stephen M Hadlow, Ross A Pinder, Mark G L Sayers
In Australian rules football structured increases in ball size during development end with the transition to the Size 5 (adult) ball at the Under-15 age group. This study assessed changes in kick technique and performance in experienced junior performers when using Size 4 and 5 Australian rules footballs. Participants (n = 22, 13.77 ± 0.61 years) performed drop punt kicks in 2 representative tasks; a Decision-Making Test (DMT) (n = 14) and Set-Shot Test (SST) (n = 14 + 8). Results indicate participants sustained their level of kick performance (accuracy and quality of ball spin) in both tests when using a Size 5 football...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Jenna B Gillen, Jorn Trommelen, Floris C Wardenaar, Naomi Y J Brinkmans, Joline J Versteegen, Kristin L Jonvik, Christoph Kapp, Jeanne de Vries, Joost J G C van den Borne, Martin J Gibala, Luc J C van Loon
Dietary protein intake should be optimized in all athletes to ensure proper recovery and enhance the skeletal muscle adaptive response to exercise training. In addition to total protein intake, the use of specific protein-containing food sources and the distribution of protein throughout the day are relevant for optimizing protein intake in athletes. In the present study, we examined the daily intake and distribution of various protein-containing food sources in a large cohort of strength, endurance and team-sport athletes...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson, Jeremy Staff, Megan E Patrick, John E Schulenberg
This study examines the impact of the "Great Recession" (from December 2007 to June 2009) on 8th and 10th graders in the USA, using annual nationally representative data from the Monitoring the Future study. Historical changes in youth adjustment (self-esteem, depressed mood, risk taking, aggression and property crime), school achievement (grade point average [GPA], time spent on homework and educational expectations) and structured and unstructured activities (volunteering, employment, sports and evenings out for fun) were examined between 1991 and 2014...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Duarte Araújo, Keith Davids
Individual players act as a coherent unit during team sports performance, forming a team synergy. A synergy is a collective property of a task-specific organization of individuals, such that the degrees of freedom of each individual in the system are coupled, enabling the degrees of freedom of different individuals to co-regulate each other. Here, we present an explanation for the emergence of such collective behaviors, indicating how these can be assessed and understood through the measurement of key system properties that exist, considering the contribution of each individual and beyond These include: to (i) dimensional compression, a process resulting in independent degree of freedom being coupled so that the synergy has fewer degrees of freedom than the set of components from which it arises; (ii) reciprocal compensation, if one element do not produce its function, other elements should display changes in their contributions so that task goals are still attained; (iii) interpersonal linkages, the specific contribution of each element to a group task; and (iv), degeneracy, structurally different components performing a similar, but not necessarily identical, function with respect to context...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Giovanni Lombardi, Silvia Perego, Veronica Sansoni, Giuseppe Banfi
MicroRNAs are endogenous non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression by specifically binding the target mRNA and by consequently inducing its degradation. miRNAs can be released into the circulation where they remain stable and they can be measured. Their changes reflect individual biologic adaptation to exposures to specific environmental conditions. As such, measurement of circulating microRNAs represents an opportunity to evaluate biologic changes associated with interventions such as exercise and diet...
September 27, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
Sara Santos, Nuno Mateus, Jaime Sampaio, Nuno Leite
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an enrichment programme in motor, technical and tactical basketball skills, when accounting for the age of youth sport specialisation. Seventy-six college students (age: M = 20.4, SD = 1.9) were allocated according to three different paths: (i) non-structured (n = 14), (ii) early specialisation (n = 34), and (iii) late specialisation (n = 28), according to information previously provided by the participants about the quantity and type of sporting activities performed throughout their sporting careers...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Rienk Eshuis, Gijsbertus Wilhelmus Lentjes, Yelverton Tegner, Nienke Wolterbeek, Maurits Remmelt Veen
Study Design Clinical measurement. Background The Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale are frequently used patient-reported instruments to determine the functional status and activity level after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Objectives To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale for use in the Dutch population and to evaluate reliability and validity of these questionnaires in individuals after ACL reconstruction. Methods The translation and adaptation was conducted in several steps according to the guidelines in the literature...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Robin Chatterjee, Jay Vyas
Wrist pain due to repetitive motion or overuse is a common presentation in primary care. This case reports the rare condition of intersection syndrome as the cause of the wrist pain in an amateur tennis player. This is a non-infectious, inflammatory process that occurs where tendons in the first extensor compartment intersect the tendons in the second extensor compartment. Suitable history and examination provided the diagnosis, which was confirmed by MRI. Management consisted of early involvement of the multidisciplinary team, patient education, workplace and sporting adaptations, rest, analgesia, reduction of load, protection and immobilisation of the affected joint followed by a period of rehabilitation...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Johannes L Hatfield
The purpose of the present mixed method study was to investigate personal benefits, perceptions, and the effect of a 15-week sport psychological skills training program adapted for musicians. The program was individually tailored for six music performance students with the objective of facilitating the participants' instrumental practice and performance. The participants learnt techniques such as goal setting, attentional focus, arousal regulation, imagery, and acceptance training/self-talk. Zimmerman's (1989) cyclical model of self-regulated learning was applied as a theoretical frame for the intervention...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Christopher M Jones, Peter C Griffiths, Stephen D Mellalieu
BACKGROUND: Coaches, sport scientists, clinicians and medical personnel face a constant challenge to prescribe sufficient training load to produce training adaption while minimising fatigue, performance inhibition and risk of injury/illness. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to investigate the relationship between injury and illness and longitudinal training load and fatigue markers in sporting populations. METHODS: Systematic searches of the Web of Science and PubMed online databases to August 2015 were conducted for articles reporting relationships between training load/fatigue measures and injury/illness in athlete populations...
September 28, 2016: Sports Medicine
Mathieu Saubade, Christos Karatzios, Cyril Besson, Anne-Charlotte Farasse, Benaim Charles, Gérald Gremion
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 42% of Europeans never practice physical activity (PA) or sports and 40% spend more than 5:30 per day in a sitting position. The objective of this literature review is to identify the necessary means to promote PA and tools available for physicians to advise and prescribe a suitable AP. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electronic database research using Medline, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. RESULTS: Prescription of PA in the medical office is more and more encouraged...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Béatrice Médée, Jean-Baptiste Bouée, Olivier Remy-Neris
OBJECTIVE: Maintaining physical activity for patient with neurological disorders is recommended for patient with multiple sclerosis (MS). The main objective was to assess physical activity and rehabilitation programs in patients with multiple sclerosis and compared it to recently published recommendations. The secondary objective was to evaluate the patient self-perception of these interventions on pain, fatigue, strength and global satisfaction. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective multicenter study conducted in the four counties of Brittany for patients with MS attending a consultation with a neurologist in the MS network "NeuroSEP Bretagne"...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Aurelie Vouilloz, François Luthi
OBJECTIVE: A lower limb amputation is a major event for a patient with many questions arising for him and his family. Individual and environmental factors could influence patient's quality of life and adaptation to amputation. Most of the time brochures concern post operative care after limb amputation (surgery type, stump medical care, prosthetics…). Rehabilitation is often only briefly dealt with these brochures. OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY: (1) To write a brochure specifically concerning rehabilitation for lower limb amputees...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Pascal Edouard, Jean-Michel Serra, Pierre Hertert, Emmanuelle Cugy, Nicolas Morel, Martine Prevost, Frédéric Depiesse
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of injuries is the first step in the sports injuries prevention. In this context, the IAAF and EA have implemented a prospective injury follow-up during their international athletics championships since 2007, and the FFA initiated since the French championships in 2014. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and characteristics of injuries during the French Elite championships. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the period of the outdoor and indoor French Elite championships, all newly occurring injuries were recorded by the local medical team...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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