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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817645/translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-simplified-chinese-version-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-return-to-sport-after-injury-acl-rsi-scale
#1
Tianwu Chen, Peng Zhang, Yunxia Li, Kate Webster, Jian Zhang, Wei Yao, Yue Yin, Chingchong Ai, Shiyi Chen
PURPOSE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the anterior cruciate ligament-return to sport after injury (ACL-RSI) into simplified Chinese [ACL-RSI (Cn)]. METHOD: In this diagnostic study, the translation, cross-culturally adaptation, and validation of the ACL-RSI was performed according to international guidelines. A total of 112 patients with ACL reconstruction participated in this study. All were capable of competitive sports before the injury and completed the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome (KOOS), the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), and the Tegner activity score...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807651/recommendations-for-the-prescription-of-physical-exercise-for-patients-with-spondyloarthritis
#2
Mariano Tomás Flórez García, Loreto Carmona, Raquel Almodóvar, César Fernández de Las Peñas, Fernando García Pérez, M Ángeles Pérez Manzanero, José Manuel García García, Lidón Soriano Segarra, José Fernando Jiménez Díaz, Nuria Mendoza Laiz, Eugenio de Miguel Mendieta, Juan Carlos Torre Alonso, Luis Francisco Linares Ferrando, Eduardo Collantes Estévez, Jesús Sanz Sanz, Pedro Zarco Montejo
OBJECTIVE: To develop expert-based recommendations on physical activity and exercise for patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: Two discussion groups, one of physical therapists, rehabilitation physicians, and professionals of physical activity and sports, and another of rheumatologists interested in SpA, were held to discuss the results of a survey of rheumatologists on exercise and two focus groups with patients on barriers to exercise. Preliminary recommendations were drafted...
August 11, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807431/a-prospective-analysis-of-injury-rates-patterns-and-causes-in-cliff-and-splash-diving
#3
Lukas Ernstbrunner, Armin Runer, Paul Siegert, Matthäus Ernstbrunner, Johannes Becker, Thomas Freude, Herbert Resch, Philipp Moroder
INTRODUCTION: Information about injuries and its differences in Cliff Diving (CD) and Splash Diving (SD) are unknown. It was the aim to analyse (1) injury rates, patterns and causes; (2) differences (in injuries) between both disciplines; and to (3) identify targets for future injury prevention interventions. METHODS: From April to November 2013, 81 cliff and 51 splash divers were prospectively surveyed with an encrypted, monthly e-mail-based questionnaire. RESULTS: During a total of 7857h diving with an average diving height of 13 (±7)m, an overall injury rate of 7...
August 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798200/wearable-physiological-monitoring-for-human-thermal-work-strain-optimization
#4
Mark J Buller, Alexander Pearson Welles, Karl E Friedl
Safe performance limits of soldiers and athletes have typically relied on predictive work-rest models of ambient conditions, average work intensity, and characteristics of the population. Bioengineering advances in noninvasive sensor technologies including miniaturization, reduced cost, power requirements, and comfort now make it possible to produce individual predictions of safe thermal-work limits. These precision medicine assessments depend on the development of thoughtful algorithms based on physics and physiology...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795636/athletic-identity-and-psychiatric-symptoms-following-retirement-from-varsity-sports
#5
Zarina A Giannone, Colleen J Haney, David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence identifying adjustment difficulties among retiring athletes, research investigating factors that contribute to post-retirement complications is limited. Athletic identity may be an important determinant of adverse adaptation to sport retirement. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to address the influence of athletic identity on post-retirement depression and anxiety symptoms among varsity athletes. METHOD: An anonymous, online survey regarding athletic identity and psychiatric symptoms was completed by 72 self-identified varsity athletes during their final season of competition and 3 months after retiring from sport...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770013/relational-developmental-systems-metatheory-a-conceptual-framework-to-understand-and-promote-older-adults-involvement-in-sport
#6
REVIEW
Amy M Gayman, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Joseph Baker
Sport is viewed as a vehicle to develop or augment adaptive developmental processes, resources, and experiences across the lifespan. However, research has acknowledged that sport participation is associated with costs as well as benefits in older adulthood. To fully understand the influence of sport participation on psychosocial and developmental outcomes in older people, insight into the dynamic and complex relationship between the individual and his/her environment is needed. This review proposes Relational Developmental Systems (RDS) metatheory as a conceptual framework to understand the outcomes of sport participation later in life...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764939/exercise-related-cognitive-effects-on-sensory-motor-control-in-athletes-and-drummers-compared-to-non-athletes-and-other-musicians
#7
V Bianco, M Berchicci, R L Perri, F Quinzi, F Di Russo
Both playing a musical instrument and playing sport produce brain adaptations that might affect sensory-motor functions. While the benefits of sport practice have traditionally been attributed to aerobic fitness, it is still unknown whether playing an instrument might induce similar brain adaptations, or if a specific musical instrument like drums might be associated to specific benefits because of its high energy expenditure. Since the aerobic costs of playing drums was estimated to be comparable to those of average sport activities, we hypothesized that these two groups might show both behavioral and neurocognitive similarities...
July 29, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756080/-how-to-prescribe-sport-in-patients
#8
François Carré
Physical activity is a non-pharmacological treatment validated by the Haute Autorité de santé since 2011. Since March 2017, a new French law recalls that generalist physicians can prescribe physical activity to their patients suffering from a long-term financial exonerating condition. This physical activity will be adapted to the individual physical capacities and medical risk of the patient. After assessing his/her functional abilities, the attending physician will send the patient, with his or her agreement, to a supervisory structure employing specifically trained professional for physical activity...
July 26, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753391/differences-in-forearm-strength-endurance-and-hemodynamic-kinetics-between-male-boulderers-and-lead-rock-climbers
#9
S Fryer, K J Stone, J Sveen, T Dickson, V España-Romero, D Giles, J Baláš, L Stoner, N Draper
This study examined differences in the oxygenation kinetics and strength and endurance characteristics of boulderers and lead sport climbers. Using near infrared spectroscopy, 13-boulderers, 10-lead climbers, and 10-controls completed assessments of oxidative capacity index and muscle oxygen consumption (mV˙O2) in the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP), and extensor digitorum communis (EDC). Additionally, forearm strength (maximal volitional contraction MVC), endurance (force-time integral FTI at 40% MVC), and forearm volume (FAV and ΔFAV) was assessed...
July 28, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746948/-factors-associated-with-safety-knowledge-on-alpine-ski%C3%A2-slopes
#10
Gerhard Ruedl, Elena Pocecco, Friedrich Brunner, Klaus Greier, Carolin Hildebrandt, Christian Raschner
Background The jurisdiction after a winter sport accident including a third party fault considers the 10 rules for safe skiing/snowboarding introduced by the International Ski Federation (FIS) to clarify the question of liability. A previous study revealed that beginners, young skiers and those who were not local residents displayed insufficient safety knowledge in given situations. The aim of this study was to evaluate additional factors associated with safety knowledge on ski slopes, e. g. type of winter sport, helmet use, risk taking behavior, and a previous injury occurred on a ski slope...
July 26, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744166/intramyocellular-lipids-of-muscle-type-in-athletes-of-different-sport-disciplines
#11
Yoshinao Nakagawa, Masaaki Hattori
The present study used magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) to examine quantitative differences in intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) contents in various muscle types at rest for individual athletes from different sport disciplines. Five groups consisting of sprinters, alpine skiers, cross-country skiers, endurance runners and untrained healthy male subjects volunteered for this study. Data were acquired using (1)H-MRS from the tibialis anterior (TA), medial gastrocnemius (MG) and soleus (SOL) muscles. No significant difference was found in the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the TA, MG and SOL muscles, whereas the CSA of subcutaneous fat was significantly lower (p<0...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739443/sauna-exposure-immediately-prior-to-short-term-heat-acclimation-accelerates-phenotypic-adaptation-in-females
#12
Jessica A Mee, Sophie Peters, Jonathan H Doust, Neil S Maxwell
OBJECTIVES: Investigate whether a sauna exposure prior to short-term heat acclimation (HA) accelerates phenotypic adaptation in females. DESIGN: Randomised, repeated measures, cross-over trial. METHODS: Nine females performed two 5-d HA interventions (controlled hyperthermia Tre≥38.5°C), separated by 7-wk, during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle confirmed by plasma concentrations of 17-β estradiol and progesterone. Prior to each 90-min HA session participants sat for 20-min in either a temperate environment (20°C, 40% RH; HAtemp) wearing shorts and sports bra or a hot environment (50°C, 30% RH) wearing a sauna suit to replicate sauna conditions (HAsauna)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737609/the-effects-of-supplementary-low-load-blood-flow-restriction-training-on-morphological-and-performance-based-adaptations-in-team-sport-athletes
#13
Brendan R Scott, Jeremiah J Peiffer, Paul S R Goods
Scott, BR, Peiffer, JJ, and Goods, PSR. The effects of supplementary low-load blood flow restriction training on morphological and performance-based adaptations in team sport athletes. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2147-2154, 2017-Low-load resistance training with blood flow restriction (BFR) may be a method to enhance muscular development even in trained athletes. This study aimed to assess whether supplemental low-load BFR training can improve muscle size, strength, and physical performance characteristics in team sport athletes...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730749/impact-of-the-dynamic-and-static-component-of-the-sport-practiced-for-electrocardiogram-analysis-in-screening-athletes
#14
Nicolas Maillot, Charles Guenancia, Nobila V Yameogo, Aurélie Gudjoncik, Fabien Garnier, Luc Lorgis, Frédéric Chagué, Yves Cottin
BACKGROUND: To interpret the electrocardiogram (ECG) of athletes, the recommendations of the ESC and the Seattle criteria define type-1 peculiarities, those induced by training, and type-2, those not induced by training, to rule out cardiomyopathy. The specificity of the screening was improved by Sheikh who definied "Refined Criteria", which includes a group of intermediate peculiarities. The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of static and dynamic components on the prevalence of different types of abnormalities...
July 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728039/cognitive-restructuring-of-gambling-related-thoughts-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Maxime Chrétien, Isabelle Giroux, Annie Goulet, Christian Jacques, Stéphane Bouchard
Gamblers' thoughts have a fundamental influence on their gambling problem. Cognitive restructuring is the intervention of choice to correct those thoughts. However, certain difficulties are noted in the application of cognitive restructuring techniques and the comprehension of their guidelines. Furthermore, the increase of skill game players (e.g. poker) entering treatment creates a challenge for therapists, as these gamblers present with different thoughts than those of the gamblers usually encountered in treatment (e...
July 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724040/cardiac-remodeling-indicators-in-adolescent-athletes
#16
Joaquim Castanheira, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Daniela Costa, Diogo Martinho, Jorge Fernandes, João Duarte, Nuno Sousa, Vasco Vaz, Luis Rama, António Figueiredo, Manuel Coelho-E-Silva
Objective: The idea that different sports and physical training type results in different cardiac adaptations has been widely accepted. However, this remodelling process among different sport modalities is still not fully understood. Thus, the current study aims to investigate the heart morphology variation associated with a set of different modalities characterized by distinct models of preparation and different methods and demands of training and completion. Method: The sample comprises 42 basketball players, 73 roller hockey players, 28 judo athletes and 21 swimmers...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710547/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-kerlan-jobe-orthopaedic-clinic-shoulder-and-elbow-score
#17
Giovanni Merolla, Katia Corona, Gustavo Zanoli, Simone Cerciello, Stefano Giannotti, Giuseppe Porcellini
BACKGROUND: The Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic (KJOC) Shoulder and Elbow score is a reliable and sensitive tool to measure the performance of overhead athletes. The purpose of this study was to carry out a cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the KJOC questionnaire in Italian and to assess its reliability, validity, and responsiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety professional athletes with a painful shoulder were included in this study and were assigned to the "injury group" (n = 32) or the "overuse group" (n = 58); 65 were managed conservatively and 25 were treated by arthroscopic surgery...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700478/impact-of-nonsteroidal-aromatase-inhibitors-on-steroid-profile-in-a-chinese-population
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yanyi Xing, Xin Liu, Mengmeng Yan, Tianqi Chen, Fei Lu, Bing Xu, Yan Gong, Fuhao Chu, Haimin Lei
Steroid profiling was introduced to determine the endogenous steroid misuse in sports. Thus, screening for the exogenous use of these prohibited substances can be established by monitoring a range of endogenous steroids, which constitute the steroid profile and evaluate their concentrations and ratios against reference values. The steroid profiling is currently based on population statistics. As large interindividual variations exist, athlete biological passport (ABP) analysis is ongoing. This study aimed to identify new biomarker(s) for aromatase inhibitor detection in sports using statistical analysis and adapt the model into ABP analysis...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694229/motor-expertise-modulates-neural-oscillations-and-temporal-dynamics-of-cognitive-control
#19
Chun-Hao Wang, Cheng-Ta Yang, David Moreau, Neil G Muggleton
The field of motor expertise in athletes has recently been receiving increasing levels of investigation. However, there has been less investigation of how dynamic changes in behavior and in neural activity as a result of sporting participation might result in superiority for athletes in domain-general cognition. We used a flanker task to investigate conflict-related behavioral measures, such as mean reaction time (RT) and RT variability, in conjunction with electroencephalographic (EEG) measures, including N2d, theta activity power, and inter-trial phase coherence (ITPC)...
July 8, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685886/longitudinal-adaptations-of-bone-mass-geometry-and-metabolism-in-adolescent-male-athletes-the-pro-bone-study
#20
Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Alan R Barker, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Ioannis G Fatouros, Karen M Knapp, Craig A Williams, Luis Gracia-Marco
Adolescence is a crucial period for bone development, and exercise can enhance bone acquisition during this period of life. However, it is not known how the different loading sports practiced can affect bone acquisition in adolescent male athletes. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to determine the 1-year longitudinal bone acquisition among adolescent males involved in osteogenic (football) and non-osteogenic (swimming and cycling) sports and to compare with active controls. A total of 116 adolescent males aged 12 to 14 years at baseline were followed for 1 year: 37 swimmers, 37 footballers, 28 cyclists, and 14 active controls...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
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