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Bronchopleural fistula

M Lakranbi, S Rabiou, L Belliraj, I Issoufou, F Z Ammor, J Ghalimi, Y Ouadnouni, M Smahi
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of empyema after pneumonectomy or in suites with chronic pleural pocket is a dreaded complication. The management is long and difficult. The authors report their experience before this complication including infection control by an emptying of the pleural pocket percutaneous drainage or thoracostomy which will be complemented by a thoracomyoplasty the aim to erase the pleural pocket. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study conducted between 2009 and 2015 concerning the records of 9 patients treated for empyema or in the aftermath of a lung resection or as part of a chronic pleural pocket and calcific...
October 21, 2016: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
Dany Gaspard, Thaddeus Bartter, Ziad Boujaoude, Haroon Raja, Rohan Arya, Nikhil Meena, Wissam Abouzgheib
BACKGROUND: Placement of endobronchial valves for bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is not always straightforward. A simple guide to the steps for an uncomplicated procedure does not encompass pitfalls that need to be understood and overcome to maximize the efficacy of this modality. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to discuss examples of difficult cases for which the placement of endobronchial valves was not straightforward and required alterations in the usual basic steps...
October 14, 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
Elisabetta Saraceni, Roberto Vezzaro, Annalisa Boscolo, Sandra Rossi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Anesthesiology
Mohammed Aldahmashi, Mohamed Alassal, Ibrahim Kasb, Hany Elrakhawy
Background. Hydatid cyst (HC) disease is endemic in many developing countries, like Yemen, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia, especially in the rural regions. The disease has a variable clinical courses and even might be asymptomatic for many years. Objectives. In giant and large pulmonary hydatid cysts, pulmonary resection is the usual method of surgical treatment. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the lung conservative surgery in treatment of cases with giant and large hydatid lung cysts, as an effective method of management...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
Masayuki Okui, Mitsutomo Kohno, Naoki Hasegawa, Ikuo Kamiyama, Takashi Ohtsuka
Pneumothorax secondary to nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease is often intractable and associated with high mortality. An endobronchial Watanabe spigot (EWS) is a silicon plug developed for bronchoscopic bronchial occlusion. Here we report a case of intractable pneumothorax secondary to nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease successfully treated using EWSs. Occlusion of the multiple ectatic bronchi connected to the bronchopleural fistula was essential for optimal effect of the EWSs.
September 10, 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Mitsuhiro Kamiyoshihara, Takashi Ibe, Natsuko Kawatani, Fumi Ohsawa, Ryohei Yoshikawa
A 72-year-old man underwent en masse lobectomy of the lower left lobe because of continued hemoptysis. We chose en masse lobectomy as a last resort because the patient had cardiopulmonary problems including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary hypertension, and continued hemoptysis. The patient developed a bronchopleural fistula 2 weeks later, so the Clagett window procedure was performed. After gauze exchange and cleaning of the pleural space, the Clagett window was closed using a latissimus dorsi muscle flap...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Sayako Morikawa, Takuya Okamura, Tomoyuki Minezawa, Yasuhiro Goto, Masamichi Hayashi, Teppei Yamaguchi, Sumito Isogai, Yuki Mieno, Naoki Yamamoto, Sakurako Uozu, Toru Nakanishi, Mitsushi Okazawa, Kazuyoshi Imaizumi
BACKGROUND: Bronchial occlusion with an Endobronchial Watanabe Spigot (EWS) has been shown to be useful in managing prolonged bronchopleural fistulas and intractable hemoptysis. EWS bronchial occlusion using a curette is less technically demanding. This retrospective study evaluated the clinical utility and simplicity of this method. METHODS: A total of 18 consecutive patients (15 men, 3 women, aged 47-85 years) who underwent bronchial occlusion using an EWS from April 2012 to August 2014 were evaluated...
September 5, 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
Robert B Cameron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Huihuang Lin, Yiming Zeng, Yixiang Zhang, Huaping Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Verónica Giubergia, Florencia Alessandrini, Carolina Barrias, Carlos Giuseppucci, Aixa Reusmann, Marcelo Barrenechea, Claudio Castaños
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pneumonectomy (PNE) is a procedure infrequently performed in children. A high morbidity/mortality rate associated with PNE has been described. Few series have been published in the last 15 years. Risk factors associated with morbidity/mortality after PNE were evaluated. Indications, course, survival and complications of PNE in children were also analized. METHODS: In a case series of 51 children who underwent PNE, death within 30 days of surgery, pneumonia, empyema, sepsis, adult respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopleural fistula, bleeding, pneumothorax and post-PNE syndrome were considered major morbidities...
August 10, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Shuichi Shinohara, Yasuhiro Chikaishi, Taiji Kuwata, Masaru Takenaka, Soichi Oka, Ayako Hirai, Naoko Imanishi, Koji Kuroda, Fumihiro Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Open window thoracotomy (OWT) as well as its closure are challenging. Transposition of omental pedicle and muscle flaps is often performed for OWT closure; however, the better technique among the two is unknown. The purpose of this series was to evaluate the outcomes of using both omental pedicle and muscle flaps for the aforementioned closure. METHODS: This was an observational retrospective cohort study on 27 consecutive patients who underwent OWT closure at a single institution between January 2005 and December 2014...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Shuang-Jiang Li, Xu-Dong Zhou, Jian Huang, Jing Liu, Long Tian, Guo-Wei Che
BACKGROUND: we conducted this systematic meta-analysis to determine the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and risk of bronchopleural fistula (BPF) in patients undergoing lung cancer surgery. METHODS: Literature retrieval was performed in PubMed, Embase and the Web of Science to identify the full-text articles that met our eligibility criteria. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) served as the summarized statistics. Q-test and I(2)-statistic were used to evaluate the level of heterogeneity...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Rui Mao, Peng-Qing Ying, Dong Xie, Chen-Yang Dai, Jun-Yan Zha, Tao Chen, Ge-Ning Jiang, Ke Fei, Chang Chen
BACKGROUND: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is an infrequent but life-threatening complication after lung surgery. Tentative closure of the fistula and irrigation have been the conventional treatments, but are also surgically challenging and associated with a considerable failure rate. This study reports on a conservative practice of this difficult issue, in aim to examine its outcomes. METHOD: All enrolled cases were handled consecutively from September 2006 to June 2015...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Kilian Brown, Ben Dunne, Marino Festa, Erik La Hei, Jonathan Karpelowsky, Hayden Dando, Yishay Orr
There is minimal reported experience with long-range retrieval of pediatric patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. We report the case of a 10-month old boy with necrotizing staphylococcal pneumonia complicated by a bronchopleural fistula, who was successfully retrieved and transported while receiving ECMO to our unit in Sydney, Australia, from a referring hospital 2,000 kilometers away in the Pacific Islands. He was successfully weaned from ECMO to receive single-lung ventilation after 13 days, and he underwent surgical repair of his bronchopleural fistula through a thoracotomy 3 days after decannulation...
August 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Shigeo Takahashi, Tetsuhiko Go, Yoshitaka Kasai, Hiroyasu Yokomise, Toru Shibata
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the relationship between dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters and pulmonary complications after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) followed by surgery for lung cancer. We also examined a new DVH parameter, because the unresected lung should be more spared than the later resected lung. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 43 non-small cell lung cancer patients were retrospectively analyzed. The DVH parameters of the lung were calculated from the total bilateral lung volume minus (1) the gross tumor volume (DVHg) or (2) the later resected lung volume (DVHr)...
September 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Rana Isgüder, Canan S Unsal Karkiner, Hüdaver Alper, Demet Can
Hydrocarbon aspiration (HA) can cause significant lung disease by inducing an inflammatory response, hemorrhagic exudative alveolitis, and loss of surfactant function. The most serious side effect of HA is aspiration pneumonia. Pneumothorax, pneumatocele, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary abscess, bronchopleural fistula, bilateral hemorrhagic pleural effusion and pyopneumothorax were previously reported. Hereby we report a patient hospitalized due to aspiration pneumonia who developed pleurisy and pneumothorax after drinking paint thinner...
August 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Sonia Gaucher, Filippo Lococo, Claude Guinet, Antonio Bobbio, Pierre Magdeleinat, Samir Bouam, Jean-François Regnard, Marco Alifano
BACKGROUND: Flap transposition is an infrequent but far from exceptional thoracic surgical procedure. The aim of this retrospective study was to report our experience in a referral unit of general thoracic surgery analyzing the early results after flap transposition. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records, surgical notes, and postoperative results of a cohort of patients who underwent flap transposition in our unit from November 2000 to February 2013...
October 2016: Lung
Johnathon M Aho, Allan B Dietz, Darcie J Radel, Greg W Butler, Mathew Thomas, Timothy J Nelson, Brian T Carlsen, Stephen D Cassivi, Zachary T Resch, William A Faubion, Dennis A Wigle
: : Management of recurrent bronchopleural fistula (BPF) after pneumonectomy remains a challenge. Although a variety of devices and techniques have been described, definitive management usually involves closure of the fistula tract through surgical intervention. Standard surgical approaches for BPF incur significant morbidity and mortality and are not reliably or uniformly successful. We describe the first-in-human application of an autologous mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-seeded matrix graft to repair a multiply recurrent postpneumonectomy BPF...
June 24, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Mehmet Akif Özgül, Erdoğan Çetinkaya, Mustafa Çörtük, Elif Tanrıverdi, Binnaz Zeynep Yıldırım, Merih Kalamanoğlu Balci, Adamu Issaka, Güler Özgül
INTRODUCTION: We have used Oki stents for a number of different indications. After discovering that there are limited reports in the literature on these stents, we were motivated to share our experiences in Oki stenting. OBJECTIVES: While there is vast knowledge on double Y-stents, the Oki stent is a relatively recent development in pulmonology. Here, we demonstrate that stenting of the right secondary carina using an Oki stent should be considered for obstructions in this region...
June 22, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Nagaraj Pandharikar, Anil Sachdev, Neeraj Gupta, Suresh Gupta, Dhiren Gupta
Chest trauma is one of the important causes of mortality and morbidity in pediatric trauma patients. The complexity, magnitude, and type of lung injury make it extremely challenging to provide optimal oxygenation and ventilation while protecting the lung from further injury due to mechanical ventilation. Independent lung ventilation is used sporadically in these patients who do not respond to these conventional ventilatory strategies using double-lumen endotracheal tubes, bronchial blocker balloons, etc. However, this equipment may not be easily available in developing countries, especially for pediatric patients...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
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