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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141598/worklife-expectancy-in-a-cohort-of-danish-employees-aged-55-65%C3%A2-years-comparing-a-multi-state-cox-proportional-hazard-approach-with-conventional-multi-state-life-tables
#1
Jacob Pedersen, Jakob Bue Bjorner
BACKGROUND: Work life expectancy (WLE) expresses the expected time a person will remain in the labor market until he or she retires. This paper compares a life table approach to estimating WLE to an approach based on multi-state proportional hazards models. The two methods are used to estimate WLE in Danish members and non-members of an early retirement pensioning (ERP) scheme according to levels of health. METHODS: In 2008, data on self-rated health (SRH) was collected from 5212 employees 55-65 years of age...
November 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138894/injustice-at-work-affects-work-ability-and-role-functioning-findings-of-a-cohort-study
#2
Katja Spanier, Elliot Michel, Elke Peters, Friedrich Michael Radoschewski, Matthias Bethge
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to analyze the longitudinal effects of organizational injustice (OIJ) and effort-reward imbalance (ERI) on work ability, emotional role functioning and physical role functioning. METHODS: Longitudinal data with a two-year follow-up of people previously receiving sickness absence benefits were used for analyses. OIJ and ERI were included separately and mutually in logistic regression models. Effects were tested for additivity. All analyses were additionally performed stratified by sex...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135835/cardiovascular-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-risk-across-occupational-groups-and-industry-in-a-state-wide-study-of-an-australian-working-population
#3
Helen Louise Kelsall, Palamandadige Harsha Suranga Fernando, Stella May Gwini, Malcolm Ross Sim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prevalence of type 2 diabetes (diabetes) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in occupational and industry groups in a large, diverse working population. METHODS: 500,000 Victorian workers undertook health checks including lifestyle, anthropometric and biomedical cardiovascular risk factor assessment. 5-year diabetes (AUSDRISK) and absolute CVD risk were estimated. RESULTS: High diabetes and CVD risk was increased in many occupational groups and industries relative to managers and Professional/Scientific/Technical Services respectively...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115748/an-integrative-review-of-absenteeism-in-newly-graduated-nurses
#4
Judy Craft, Martin Christensen, Lisa Wirihana, Shannon Bakon, Jennie Barr, Lily Tsai
Managing sickness and absenteeism in the workplace is challenging, and nurse managers must consider their various causes so they can implement effective management strategies. It is also vital to consider the factors that influence absenteeism and turnover among newly graduated registered nurses (RNs), whose retention can help to address staff shortages. This article describes a literature review that aimed to identify the potential causes of sickness absence in newly graduated RNs. It also discusses strategies that nurse managers can use to retain and maintain their workforce...
October 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111987/does-workplace-bullying-affect-long-term-sickness-absence-among-co-workers
#5
Åse Marie Hansen, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Jens Peter Bonde, Paul Maurice Conway, Anne Helene Garde, Linda Kaerlev, Henrik A Kolstad, Sigurd Mikkelsen, Reiner Rugulies, Jane Frølund Thomsen, Morten Willert, Annie Hogh
AIM: To examine if non-bullied employees at work units (WUs) with workplace bullying have more long-term sickness absence (LTSA) than employees in non-bullying WUs. METHODS: We included 7229 public health employees from 302 WUs and 3158 responders to a questionnaire on working conditions and health in 2007. WUs were classified into three categories of WUs; 1) no bullying (0% bullied); 2) moderate prevalence of bullying (<10% bullied); and 3) high prevalence of bullying (≥10% bullied)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105672/-sinus-bradycardia-and-syncope-what-pathophysiological-mechanism-and-what-management-of-the-patient
#6
Paolo Alboni, Nicola Stucci, Claudia Parisi
Sick sinus syndrome (SSS) can be diagnosed only when there is a clear correlation between symptoms and sinus node dysfunction. In the absence of such correlation, the mechanism of undocumented intermittent symptoms such as syncopal spells in patients with permanent mild sinus bradycardia remains uncertain. Some clinical data suggest that a reflex mechanism is likely to be involved in many patients with syncope and sinus bradycardia: the course of syncopal recurrences is very variable from patient to patient and transient loss of consciousness does not recur in more than half of unpaced patients during an observation period of several years...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101213/changes-in-drinking-as-predictors-of-changes-in-sickness-absence-a-case-crossover-study
#7
Jenni Ervasti, Mika Kivimäki, Jaana Pentti, Jaana I Halonen, Jussi Vahtera, Marianna Virtanen
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether changes in alcohol use predict changes in the risk of sickness absence in a case-crossover design. METHODS: Finnish public sector employees were surveyed in 2000, 2004 and 2008 on alcohol use and covariates. Heavy drinking was defined as either a weekly intake that exceeded recommendations (12 units for women; 23 for men) or having an extreme drinking session. The responses were linked to national sickness absence registers. We analysed the within-person relative risk of change in the risk of sickness absence in relation to change in drinking...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093366/a-japanese-stress-check-program-screening-tool-predicts-employee-long-term-sickness-absence-a-prospective-study
#8
Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akihito Shimazu, Hisashi Eguchi, Akiomi Inoue, Norito Kawakami
ObjectivesOn December 1, 2015, the Japanese government launched the Stress Check Program, a new occupational health policy to screen employees for high psychosocial stress in the workplace. As only weak evidence exists for the effectiveness of the program, we sought to estimate the risk of stress-associated long-term sickness absence as defined in the program manual.MethodsParticipants were 7356 male and 7362 female employees in a financial service company who completed the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079413/return-to-the-workforce-following-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study
#9
Jawad H Butt, Rasmus Rørth, Kristian Kragholm, Søren L Kristensen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H Gislason, Lars Køber, Emil L Fosbøl
BACKGROUND: Returning to the workforce after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) holds important socioeconomic consequences not only for patients, but the society as well. Yet data on this issue are limited. We examined return to the workforce and associated factors in patients of working age undergoing CABG. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using Danish nationwide administrative registries, we identified 6031 patients of working age (18-60years) undergoing isolated CABG (1998-2011) who were part of the workforce 30days prior to admission and alive at discharge...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076948/volume-outcome-relationships-in-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-retrospective-analysis-of-administrative-data-from-pennsylvania-2007-2015
#10
Marco D Huesch
This article seeks to understand whether a volume-outcome relationship exists in adult extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). We examined primary administrative discharge data from the Pennsylvanian Health Care Cost Containment Council for all 2,948 consecutive adults treated with ECMO in Pennsylvania between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2015. We used a well-fitting backwards stepwise logistic regression to obtain patient-level predicted mortality. Number of cases and risk-adjusted mortality was aggregated by calendar quarter and by hospital...
October 20, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076513/is-objectively-measured-sitting-at-work-associated-with-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-dphacto-cohort
#11
Mette Korshøj, David M Hallman, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Mette Aadahl, Andreas Holtermann, Marie Birk Jørgensen
Objectives Low-back pain (LBP) is a substantial health challenge due to the risk for long-term sickness absence and early retirement. Several biomechanical exposures at work, including sitting, have been suggested to increase the risk for LBP. The objectives of this study were to determine (i) the extent to which temporal patterns and total amount of objectively measured sitting is associated with LBP intensity and (ii) whether selected modifiers influence these associations. Methods This cross sectional study uses baseline data from the Danish PHysical ACTivity cohort with Objective measurements (DPhacto) of physical activities in the cleaning, transport and manufacturing sectors...
October 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072988/in-sickness-and-in-health-till-death-do-us-part-is-the-icd-a-lifelong-commitment
#12
EDITORIAL
A Rajabali, N Badhwar
The decision-making process around initial implantation of an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) is well studied, guided by randomized clinical trials which have translated into widely accepted clinical guidelines. For patients who out-live their first device and are eligible for a generator exchange (GE) the indications to replace the battery is much less well-defined. In this latter case, the clinician needs to make the decision based on persistent indications for primary prevention ICD, risk of future arrhythmic death in the absence of ongoing indications for primary prevention, competing causes of non-arrhythmic death and the patient's overall goals of care...
March 2017: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059662/-euthyroid-sick-syndrome-an-important-clinical-problem
#13
Robert Krysiak, Agnieszka Kędzia, Karolina Kowalcze, Bogusław Okopień
Despite absence of thyroid disease, patients with non-thyroidal illness frequently have changes in serum thyroid hormone measurements that may suggest thyroid dysfunction. These abnormalities include low serum triiodothyronine, high reverse triiodothyronine and usually normal or inappropriately low thyrotropin and thyroxine levels. The degree of thyroid function impairment correlates with disease severity and low levels of thyroid hormones, particularly thyroxine, predict a poor prognosis. Considerable controversy exists on whether the fall in thyroid hormone levels is adaptive and simply a normal, physiologic response to conserve energy, or whether it is maladaptive and requires treatment...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051618/development-and-validation-of-a-risk-prediction-model-for-work-disability-multicohort-study
#14
Jaakko Airaksinen, Markus Jokela, Marianna Virtanen, Tuula Oksanen, Jaana Pentti, Jussi Vahtera, Markku Koskenvuo, Ichiro Kawachi, G David Batty, Mika Kivimäki
Work disability affects quality of life, earnings, and opportunities to contribute to society. Work characteristics, lifestyle and sociodemographic factors have been associated with the risk of work disability, but few multifactorial algorithms exist to identify individuals at risk of future work disability. We developed and validated a parsimonious multifactorial score for the prediction of work disability using individual-level data from 65,775 public-sector employees (development cohort) and 13,527 employed adults from a general population sample (validation cohort), both linked to records of work disability...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048131/sickness-absence-following-breast-cancer-surgery-a-two-year-follow-up-cohort-study
#15
Lena-Marie Petersson, Marjan Vaez, Marie I Nilsson, Fredrik Saboonchi, Kristina Alexanderson, Mariann Olsson, Agneta Wennman-Larsen
RATIONALE AND AIM: Most women of working ages with limited breast cancer (BC) have returned to work within the first year after diagnosis. However, little is known about what is happening during this year regarding sickness absence and return to work. Also, the knowledge is very limited about the occurrence of part-time sickness absence after BC diagnosis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe occurrence, extent and length of SA during a two-year follow-up after BC surgery and to analyse the association between being SA and type of cancer treatment...
October 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040353/sociodemographic-differences-between-alcohol-use-and-sickness-absence-pooled-analysis-of-four-cohort-studies
#16
Jenni Ervasti, Mika Kivimäki, Jenny Head, Marcel Goldberg, Guillaume Airagnes, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Paula Salo, Sakari Suominen, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Marie Zins, Marianna Virtanen
Aims: We examined differences in sickness absence in relation to at-risk drinking and abstinence, taking into account potential changes in consumption. Methods: We used individual-participant data (n = 46,514) from four prospective cohort studies from Finland, France and the UK. Participants responded to a survey on alcohol use at two time points 4-6 years apart, and were linked to records of sickness absence for an ~6-year follow-up after the latter survey. Abstainers were those reporting no alcohol use in either survey...
October 13, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036335/period-effects-in-the-risk-of-subsequent-labour-market-marginalisation-in-young-suicide-attempters
#17
T Niederkrotenthaler, M Helgesson, S Rahman, M Wang, E Mittendorfer-Rutz
Background: Suicide attempt in young age is associated with subsequent labour market marginalisation, but little is known about how marginalisation is affected by changes in suicide attempt rates and social insurance legislation and by age differences. Methods: Prospective cohort study based on register linkage of > 2.4 million Swedish residents per birth cohort, aged 19-40 years in 1999; 2004 and 2009, respectively, and followed up for 4 years. Suicide attempters treated in inpatient care in the three years preceding study entry (n > 7000 per cohort) were compared with the general population of the same age without attempt (1987 to end of follow-up)...
September 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032390/psychosocial-work-environment-and-mental-health-related-long-term-sickness-absence-among-nurses
#18
Corné A M Roelen, Marieke F A van Hoffen, Siri Waage, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Jos W R Twisk, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente E Moen, Ståle Pallesen
PURPOSE: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses. METHODS: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up...
October 14, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031935/workplace-mental-health-training-for-managers-and-its-effect-on-sick-leave-in-employees-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Josie S Milligan-Saville, Leona Tan, Aimée Gayed, Caryl Barnes, Ira Madan, Mark Dobson, Richard A Bryant, Helen Christensen, Arnstein Mykletun, Samuel B Harvey
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is one of the most rapidly increasing causes of long-term sickness absence, despite improved rates of detection and development of more effective interventions. However, mental health training for managers might help improve occupational outcomes for people with mental health problems. We aimed to investigate the effect of mental health training on managers' knowledge, attitudes, confidence, and behaviour towards employees with mental health problems, and its effect on employee sickness absence...
October 11, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030395/dignitarian-medical-ethics
#20
Linda Barclay
Philosophers and bioethicists are typically sceptical about invocations of dignity in ethical debates. Many believe that dignity is essentially devoid of meaning: either a mere rhetorical gesture used in the absence of good argument or a faddish term for existing values like autonomy and respect. On the other hand, the patient experience of dignity is a substantial area of research in healthcare fields like nursing and palliative care. In this paper, it is argued that philosophers have much to learn from the concrete patient experiences described in healthcare literature...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
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