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Sickness Absence

Yvonne T M Vanneste, Jolanda J P Mathijssen, Ien A M van de Goor, Carin M C Rots-de Vries, Frans J M Feron
BACKGROUND: Students' health and school absenteeism affect educational level, with adverse effects on their future health. This interdependence is reflected in medical absenteeism. In the Netherlands, a public health intervention has been developed to address medical absenteeism in pre-vocational secondary education. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of this intervention on students' medical absenteeism, compared to "medical absenteeism policy as usual". METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with an intervention group (493 students) and a control group (445 students) was applied...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
Antonio Pangallo, Lara Zibarras, Fiona Patterson
OBJECTIVES: Relatively little research has been directed toward the assessment of resilience in the health care context. Given the stressors associated with the provision of health care, the present study describes the development and evaluation of a situational judgement test (SJT) designed to assess resilience in palliative care health care workers. METHODS: An SJT was developed to measure behaviours associated with resilience in a palliative care context. Next, SJT reliability and validity analyses were assessed in a sample of acute ward, hospice and community palliative care workers (n = 284)...
November 2016: Medical Education
Judi Kidger, Rhiannon Evans, Kate Tilling, William Hollingworth, Rona Campbell, Tamsin Ford, Simon Murphy, Ricardo Araya, Richard Morris, Bryar Kadir, Aida Moure Fernandez, Sarah Bell, Sarah Harding, Rowan Brockman, Jill Grey, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Teachers are reported to be at increased risk of common mental health disorders compared to other occupations. Failure to support teachers adequately may lead to serious long-term mental disorders, poor performance at work (presenteeism), sickness absence and health-related exit from the profession. It also jeopardises student mental health, as distressed staff struggle to develop supportive relationships with students, and such relationships are protective against student depression...
October 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
Päivi Kolu, Kari Tokola, Markku Kankaanpää, Jaana Suni
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study, part of a randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and neuromuscular fitness with direct health-care costs and sickness-related absence among nursing personnel with nonspecific low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Low back pain creates a huge economic burden due to increased sick leave and use of health-care services. METHODS: Female nursing personnel with nonspecific low back pain were included (n = 219)...
October 6, 2016: Spine
Shiromani Janki, Evalyn E A P Mulder, Jan N M IJzermans, T C Khe Tran
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of minimally invasive surgery, surgeons appear to be experiencing more occupational musculoskeletal injuries. The aim of this study is to investigate the current frequency and effects of occupational musculoskeletal injuries on work absence. METHODS: An online questionnaire was conducted among all surgeons affiliated to the Dutch Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery, and Surgical Oncology. In addition, this survey was conducted among surgeons, gynaecologists, and urologists of one cluster of training hospitals in the Netherlands...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Eija Haukka, Anneli Ojajärvi, Leena Kaila-Kangas, Päivi Leino-Arjas
We identified factors protective of all-cause sickness absence (SA) among subjects with multisite musculoskeletal pain (MSP). The nationally representative source sample comprised 3420 actively working Finns aged 30-55 in year 2000 and alive at follow-up. Pain in 18 body locations was combined into four sites (neck, low back, upper limbs, lower limbs). The baseline prevalence of MSP (pain in ≥ 2 sites) was 32 %. Baseline data on sociodemographic factors, work ability, work, health, and lifestyle were gathered by questionnaire, interview and clinical examination and linked with national registers on all-cause SA (periods lasting ≥10 workdays) for 2002-2008...
October 3, 2016: Pain
Heidi Janssens, Lutgart Braeckman, Bart De Clercq, Dirk De Bacquer, Els Clays
BACKGROUND: Previous research demonstrated an association between low employment quality and lower sickness absence, which may be explained by presenteeism. Therefore, this study aimed exploring the relation between three indicators of employment quality (long working hours, precarious employment, job insecurity) and attendance behavior. METHODS: The association between employment quality and attendance behavior was investigated in 28.999 workers (mean age: 40.0 years, 53% males) of the fifth wave of the European Working Conditions Survey, using multilevel multinomial logistic regression analysis...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Elena Zaballa, José Miguel Martínez, Xavier Duran, Constança Albertí, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Fernando G Benavides
BACKGROUND: To examine the differences in the incidence of registered sickness absence by type of employment contract in a large representative sample of salaried workers in Spain in 2009. METHOD: A study of 653,264 salaried workers covered by the Social Security system who had 133,724 sickness absence episodes in 2009. Crude and adjusted rate ratios and their corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with Poisson regression models. RESULTS: The incidence rate per 100 workers-year of sickness absence for temporary workers (IR = 32...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Nils-Torge Telle, Jörn Moock, Sandra Heuchert, Vivian Schulte, Wulf Rössler, Wolfram Kawohl
Sickness absence from work due to experienced distress and mental health issues has continuously increased over the past years in Germany. To investigate how this alarming development can be counteracted, we conducted a randomized controlled trial evaluating a job coaching intervention to maintain the working capacity of members of staff and ultimately prevent sickness absence. Our sample included N = 99 employees who reported mental distress due to work-related problems. The intervention group (n = 58) received between 8 and 12 individual job coaching sessions in which they worked with a professional job coach to reduce their mental distress...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Outi Anneli Tuominen, Heljä Lundgren-Laine, Wiveka Kauppila, Maija Hupli, Sanna Salanterä
Aim This article describes the development and testing of an Excel-based scheduling solution for the flexible allocation and reallocation of nurses to cover sudden, unplanned absences among permanent nursing staff. Method A quasi-experimental, one group, pre- and post-test study design was used ( Box 1 ) with total sampling. Participants (n=17) were selected purposefully by including all ward managers (n=8) and assistant ward managers (n=9) from one university hospital department. The number of sudden absences among the nursing staff was identified during two 4-week data collection periods (pre- and post-test)...
September 30, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
Jeongeun Jo
After the defeat of the Opium War and the Sino-Japanese War, China's intellectuals realized necessity of modernization (Westernization) to survive in the imperial order of the survival of the fittest. In particular, it was urgent to accept Western medicine and train the doctors who learned Western medicine to change the sick and weary Chinese to be robust. Thus, new occupations of the Western Medicine Group (xiyi, doctors who learned Western medicine) emerged in China. As with the first profession, the new Western Medicine Group tried to define standards of Western medicine and medical profession; however, it was difficult in the absence of the strong central government...
August 2016: Ŭi Sahak
Giny Norder, Claartje A van der Ben, Corné A M Roelen, Martijn W Heymans, Jac J L van der Klink, Ute Bültmann
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are increasing and account for one-third of all disability benefits in OECD countries. This study investigated the work status after mental sickness absence (SA). METHODS: Five-year longitudinal cohort study of 6678 male production workers. Work status, work schedule and work hours/week were retrieved from employer records in five years following RTW from mental SA. Longitudinal analysis was done with linear and logistic generalized estimating equations estimating relative risks (RRs) and odds ratios (ORs), respectively, controlled for age, marital status and occupational grade...
September 22, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
T Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Erik Landfeldt, Anna Castelo-Branco, Axel Svedbom, Emil Löfroth, Andrius Kavaliunas, Jan Hillert
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with considerable morbidity and serious disability, but little is known of the long-term impact of the disease on work ability. OBJECTIVES: To assess sick leave (short-term absence) and disability pension (long-term absence) before and after diagnosis of MS. METHODS: Patients with MS in Sweden were identified in a nationwide disease-specific register and matched with general population controls...
September 20, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Lena Henriksen, Mirjam Lukasse
INTRODUCTION: Burnout can be the result of long-term exposure to personal and/or work-related stressors and affect midwives performance of care. AIM: To assess burnout levels among Norwegian midwives and identify personal and work-related factors associated with burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional study. A total of 1500 Norwegian midwives were sent a questionnaire which included the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) that measured personal, work- and client-related burnout...
October 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Geert A Buijze, Inger N Sierevelt, Bas C J M van der Heijden, Marcel G Dijkgraaf, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the cumulative effect of a routine (hot-to-) cold shower on sickness, quality of life and work productivity. METHODS: Between January and March 2015, 3018 participants between 18 and 65 years without severe comorbidity and no routine experience of cold showering were randomized (1:1:1:1) to a (hot-to-) cold shower for 30, 60, 90 seconds or a control group during 30 consecutive days followed by 60 days of showering cold at their own discretion for the intervention groups...
2016: PloS One
Monika Schwarze, Christoph Egen, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Stephanie Schriek
Health promotion is becoming increasingly important in work life. Healthcare workers seem to be at special risk, experiencing musculoskeletal disorders (MSD); their situation is strongly influenced by demographic changes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and outcome of a worksite intervention. In a one-group pretest-posttest design, 118 employees of a hospital were recruited from 2010 to 2011. The raised parameters were satisfaction with the program, work ability (Work Ability Index), and sickness absence (provided by human resource management)...
September 7, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Ulrika Rinaldo, John Selander
BACKGROUND: Absence from work due to musculoskeletal disorders is a significant problem from a number of perspectives, and there is a great need to identify factors that facilitate return to work (RTW). OBJECTIVE: To identify factors related to RTW after vocational rehabilitation for sick-listed workers with long-term back, neck and/or shoulder problems, and to compare the results with those from a previous literature review based on studies from 1980 to 2000. METHODS: A literature review based on studies published 2001-2014 in PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, ERIC and the Cochrane Library...
September 27, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
François Desmeules, Caroline Braën, Martin Lamontagne, Clermont E Dionne, Jean-Sébastien Roy
BACKGROUND: Shoulder disorders lead to substantial productivity loss and determinants and predictors of sick leave are poorly known. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review on determinants and predictors of sick leave and delayed return-to-work (RTW) in workers with shoulder disorders. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted and we included studies on workers with shoulder disorders that contained information on determinants or predictors for sick leave or RTW, The risk of bias of included studies was evaluated with a validated tool...
September 8, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Y T Nigatu, Y Liu, M Uppal, S McKinney, S Rao, K Gillis, J Wang
Common mental disorders (CMDs) are highly prevalent in the working population, and are associated with long-term sickness absence and disability. Workers on sick leave with CMDs would benefit from interventions that enable them to successfully return to work (RTW). However, the effectiveness of RTW interventions for workers with a CMD is not well studied. The objective of this review is to assess the effectiveness of existing workplace and clinical interventions that were aimed at enhancing RTW. A systematic review of studies of interventions for improving RTW in workers with a CMD was conducted...
September 9, 2016: Psychological Medicine
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