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Sickness Absence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079322/-incidence-of-non-work-related-sickness-absence-in-spain-by-economic-activity-of-the-company
#1
Fernando G Benavides, Elena Zaballa, Xavier Duran, Victòria Sanchez-Niubo, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras
INTRODUCTION: The management of sickness absence due to non-work-related diseases in Spain has typically focused on the control of its duration. The goal of this study was to provide estimates for the incidence of sickness absence due to nonwork-related diseases by economic activity to help shift the focus of management of sickness absence towards prevention. METHODS: Retrospective study based on 646,337 workers and 133,812 episodes of sickness absence started in 2009, from the Working Continuous Life Sample...
January 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077111/cumulative-exposure-to-shift-work-and-sickness-absence-associations-in-a-five-year-historic-cohort
#2
Alwin van Drongelen, Cécile R L Boot, Hynek Hlobil, Allard J van der Beek, Tjabe Smid
BACKGROUND: Exposure to shift work has been associated with negative health consequences, although the association between shift work and sickness absence remains unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate associations between cumulative exposure to shift work and sickness absence among ground staff employees of an airline company. METHODS: This study used data from the MORE (Monitoring Occupational Health Risks in Employees) cohort, which is a 5-year historic cohort...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075314/sickness-absence-halved-in-trial-of-six-hour-day
#3
Erin Dean
Assistant nurses taking part in a trial of six-hour working days in Sweden reported higher rates of good health, calmness and alertness.
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068961/contradictory-individualized-self-blaming-a-cross-sectional-study-of-associations-between-expectations-to-managers-coworkers-one-self-and-risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-construction-workers
#4
Jeppe Zielinski Nguyen Ajslev, Roger Persson, Lars Louis Andersen
BACKGROUND: Within work sociology, several studies have addressed construction workers' practices of masculinity, class, economy, safety risks and production. However, few studies have investigated room for agency in relation to bodily pain or musculoskeletal disorders and even fewer have made a quantitative approach. Accordingly, by means of a questionnaire, we examined the association between construction workers' room for agency and physical exertion, bodily and mental fatigue, and lower back pain...
January 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068957/psychological-social-and-mechanical-work-exposures-and-disability-retirement-a-prospective-registry-study
#5
Jan S Emberland, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Stein Knardahl
BACKGROUND: Relations between several occupational psychological and social factors and disability retirement remain largely unexplored. Knowledge of which specific aspects of the work environment that affect risk of disability is a prerequisite for the success of organizational interventions aiming to prevent premature work force exit. The objective of the present study was to determine contributions to registered disability retirement by a broad range of psychological and social work exposures while taking into account effects of mechanical exposure...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062832/frailty-prefrailty-and-employment-outcomes-in-health-and-employment-after-fifty-heaf-study
#6
Keith T Palmer, Stefania D'Angelo, E Clare Harris, Cathy Linaker, Catharine R Gale, Maria Evandrou, Holly Syddall, Tjeerd van Staa, Cyrus Cooper, Avan Aihie Sayer, David Coggon, Karen Walker-Bone
OBJECTIVES: Demographic changes are requiring people to work longer. No previous studies, however, have focused on whether the 'frailty' phenotype (which predicts adverse events in the elderly) is associated with employment difficulties. To provide information, we assessed associations in the Health and Employment After Fifty Study, a population-based cohort of 50-65-year olds. METHODS: Subjects, who were recruited from 24 English general practices, completed a baseline questionnaire on 'prefrailty' and 'frailty' (adapted Fried criteria) and several work outcomes, including health-related job loss (HRJL), prolonged sickness absence (>20 days vs less, past 12 months), having to cut down substantially at work and difficulty coping with work's demands...
January 6, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060994/joint-association-of-multimorbidity-and-work-ability-with-risk-of-long-term-sickness-absence-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-register-follow-up
#7
Emil Sundstrup, Markus Due Jakobsen, Ole Steen Mortensen, Lars Louis Andersen
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the joint association of multimorbidity and work ability with the risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in the general working population. Methods Cox regression analysis censoring for competing events (statutory retirement, early retirement, disability pension, immigration, or death) was performed to estimate the joint association of chronic diseases and work ability in relation to physical and mental demands of the job with the prospective risk for LTSA (defined as ≥6 consecutive weeks during 2-year follow-up) among 10 427 wage earners from the general working population (2010 Danish Work Environment Cohort Study)...
January 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056886/short-sickness-absence-and-subsequent-sickness-absence-due-to-mental-disorders-a-follow-up-study-among-municipal-employees
#8
Hilla Sumanen, Olli Pietiläinen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are common diagnostic causes for longer sickness absence and disability retirement in OECD-countries. Short sickness absence spells are also common, and neither trivial for health and work ability. We studied how prior short sickness absence spells and days are associated with subsequent longer sickness absence due to mental disorders in two age-groups of municipal employees during a 2-, 5- and 9-year follow-up. METHODS: The analyses covered 20-34 and 35-49-year-old employees of the City of Helsinki in 2004...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052406/quality-of-life-patient-satisfaction-and-disease-burden-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-with-or-without-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-symptoms
#9
Eun Jeong Gong, Kee Don Choi, Hye-Kyung Jung, Young Hoon Youn, Byung-Hoon Min, Kyung Ho Song, Kyu Chan Huh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) have decreased health-related quality of life (HRQL). The quality of life in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) symptoms is also significantly impaired. However, the impact of LPR symptoms on HRQL in GERD patients has not been studied. METHODS: A nationwide, random-sample, and face-to-face survey of 300 Korean patients with GERD was conducted from January to March 2013. Gastroesophageal reflux symptoms were assessed using the Rome III questionnaire, LPR symptoms using the reflux symptom index, and HRQL using the EuroQol-5 dimensions (EQ-5D) questionnaire...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049047/does-work-to-family-conflict-really-matter-for-health-cross-sectional-prospective-cohort-and-fixed-effects-analyses
#10
Takashi Oshio, Akiomi Inoue, Akizumi Tsutsumi
It is well known that work-to-family conflict (WFC) is negatively associated with employees' health outcomes, including mental health and health behavior. However, the associations may be overstated because of insufficient control for unobserved individual attributes. To address this possibility, we compared the associations between WFC and health observed from a cross-sectional, prospective cohort and from fixed-effects regression models. We analyzed data from a Japanese occupational cohort survey of 15,102 observations from 7551 individuals (5947 men and 1604 women), which were collected in two waves with a one-year interval...
December 28, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045805/predictors-of-depression-and-musculoskeletal-disorder-related-work-disability-among-young-middle-aged-and-aging-employees
#11
Jenni Ervasti, Pauliina Mattila-Holappa, Matti Joensuu, Jaana Pentti, Tea Lallukka, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Marianna Virtanen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the level and predictors of work disability in different age groups. METHODS: We followed young (18 to 34 years), middle-aged (35 to 50 years), and aging (>50 years) employees (n = 70,417) for 7 years (2005 to 2011) for all-cause and cause-specific work disability (sickness absence and disability pension). Using negative binomial regression, we obtained both relative risk estimates and absolute rates, that is, days of work disability per person-year...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025256/commentary-mendelian-randomization-inspired-causal-inference-in-the-absence-of-genetic-data
#12
Luisa Zuccolo, Michael V Holmes
Studying the long-term causal effects of alcohol drinking is notoriously difficult. Epidemiological studies that use conventional analytical approaches are likely to be confounded and affected by reporting/recall bias and reverse causality, specifically in the form of the sick quitter effect (individuals quitting or never starting to consume alcohol due to underlying ill health).(1) Decades of observational data showing J-shaped relationships of alcohol with risk of disease and in particular cardiovascular disease,(2) fuelled by confirmation bias, have resulted in alcohol policies such that individuals are recommended to drink in moderation, due to putative cardioprotective effects...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009612/preventing-sickness-absence-with-career-management-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-field-trial
#13
Salla Toppinen-Tanner, Petri Böckerman, Pertti Mutanen, Kari-Pekka Martimo, Jukka Vuori
This study examined whether a group intervention focusing on building up preparedness for career management can prevent future sickness absence.Register-based data on the number of sickness absence days and sickness absence episodes were examined as outcomes of the intervention among 684 employees in 17 organizations in a randomized controlled trial. Sickness absence data were collected covering a period from 1 year before (baseline) to approximately 2 years after the intervention (follow-up). The data were analyzed using zero-inflated negative binomial models...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998265/participatory-organizational-intervention-for-improved-use-of-assistive-devices-for-patient-transfer-study-protocol-for-a-single-blinded-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Markus D Jakobsen, Birgit Aust, Johnny Dyreborg, Pete Kines, Maja B Illum, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown that patient transfer is a risk factor for back pain, back injuries and long term sickness absence, whereas consistent use of assistive devices during patient transfer seems to be protective. While classical ergonomic interventions based on education and training in lifting and transferring techniques have not proven to be effective in preventing back pain, participatory ergonomics, that is meant to engage and motivate the involved parties while at the same time making the intervention maximally relevant, may represent a better solution...
December 20, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994115/child-maltreatment-and-adult-living-standards-at-50-years
#15
Snehal M Pinto Pereira, Leah Li, Chris Power
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment (abuse and neglect) has established effects on mental health. Less is known about its influence on adult economic circumstances. We aimed to establish associations of child maltreatment with such outcomes and explore potential pathways. METHODS: We used 1958 British birth cohort data (N = 8076) to examine associations of child neglect and abuse with adult (50 years) long-term sickness absence, not in employment, education or training (NEET), lacking assets, income-related support, poor qualifications, financial insecurity, manual social class, and social mobility...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974541/characterization-and-diagnostic-application-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-trypomastigote-excreted-secreted-antigens-shed-in-extracellular-vesicles-released-from-infected-mammalian-cells
#16
Norma L Bautista-López, Momar Ndao, Fabio Vasquez Camargo, Takeshi Nara, Takeshi Annoura, Darryl B Hardie, Christoph H Borchers, Armando Jardim
Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, although endemic in many parts of Central and South America, is emerging as a global health threat through the potential contamination of blood supplies. Consequently, in the absence of a gold standard assay for the diagnosis of Chagas additional antigens or strategies are needed. A proteomic analysis of the trypomastigote excreted secreted antigens (TESA) associated with exosomal vesicles shed by T. cruzi identified ∼80 parasite proteins; with the majority being trans-sialidases...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955648/effects-of-statewide-health-promotion-in-primary-schools-on-children-s-sick-days-visits-to-a-physician-and-parental-absence-from-work-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#17
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Romy Lauer, Meike Traub, Tibor Kesztyüs, Jürgen Michael Steinacker
BACKGROUND: Based on the World Health Organization's global school health initiative we investigate intervention effects of statewide health promotion in schools on the numbers of children's sick days and visits to a physician, and parental days off work due to child illness. METHODS: Cluster-randomized trial with 1-year follow-up in primary schools in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Anthropometric measurements of first and second grade school children were taken by trained staff...
December 12, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936083/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-cluster-randomized-prenatal-lifestyle-counseling-trial-a-seven-year-follow-up
#18
Päivi Kolu, Jani Raitanen, Jatta Puhkala, Pipsa Tuominen, Pauliina Husu, Riitta Luoto
There is a link between the pregnancy and its long-term influence on health and susceptibility to future chronic disease both in mother and offspring. The objective was to determine whether individual counseling on physical activity and diet and weight gain at five antenatal visits can prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and overweight or improve glycemic parameters, among all at-risk-mothers and their children. Another objective was to evaluate whether gestational lifestyle intervention was cost-effective as measured with mother's sickness absence and quality-adjusted life years (QALY)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930479/preventing-sickness-absence-with-career-management-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-field-trial
#19
Salla Toppinen-Tanner, Petri Böckerman, Pertti Mutanen, Kari-Pekka Martimo, Jukka Vuori
This study examined whether a group intervention focusing on building up preparedness for career management can prevent future sickness absence.Register-based data on the number of sickness absence days and sickness absence episodes were examined as outcomes of the intervention among 684 employees in 17 organizations in a randomized controlled trial. Sickness absence data were collected covering a period from 1 year before (baseline) to approximately 2 years after the intervention (follow-up). The data were analyzed using zero-inflated negative binomial models...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927025/-whenever-i-can-i-push-myself-to-go-to-work-a-qualitative-study-of-experiences-of-sickness-presenteeism-among-workers-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Paula Holland, Alison M Collins
PURPOSE: UK government policy emphasizes the importance of continuing to work for recovery from poor health, yet sickness presenteeism (going to work whilst ill) is commonly regarded as having negative consequences for organizations and individuals. Our study explores experiences of working after onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic musculoskeletal disorder characterized by high rates of work disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study consisting of in-depth interviews and six-month follow-up with 11 men and women with RA employed at disease onset...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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