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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937791/web-based-surveillance-of-illness-in-childcare-centers
#1
Natalie Schellpfeffer, Abaigeal Collins, David C Brousseau, Emily T Martin, Andrew Hashikawa
School absenteeism is an inefficient and unspecific metric for measuring community illness and does not provide surveillance during summertime. Web-based biosurveillance of childcare centers may represent a novel way to efficiently monitor illness outbreaks year-round. A web-based biosurveillance program ( sickchildcare.org ) was created and implemented in 4 childcare centers in a single Michigan county. Childcare providers were trained to report sick children who required exclusion or had parent-reported absences due to illness...
September 22, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915867/the-associations-between-workplace-bullying-salivary-cortisol-and-long-term-sickness-absence-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Theis Lange, Paul Maurice Conway, Jens Peter Bonde, Anne Helene Garde, Maria Gullander, Linda Kaerlev, Roger Persson, Reiner Rugulies, Marianne Agergaard Vammen, Annie Høgh, Åse Marie Hansen
BACKGROUND: Workplace stressors, such as bullying, are strongly related to subsequent long-term sickness absence, but little is known of the possible physiological mechanisms linking workplace stressors and sickness absence. The primary aim of this study was to investigate to what extent cortisol levels were associated with subsequent sickness absence and if cortisol mediated the association between workplace bullying and sickness absence. We additionally investigated possible bidirectional associations between bullying, cortisol, and long-term sickness absence...
September 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905236/diagnosis-of-coronary-artery-disease-using-an-efficient-hash-table-based-closed-frequent-itemsets-mining
#3
Ramesh Dhanaseelan, M Jeya Sutha
This paper proposes an efficient hash table based closed frequent itemsets (HCFI) mining algorithm to envisage coronary artery disease early. HCFI algorithm generates closed frequent itemsets efficiently by performing intersection operation on transaction id's of itemset without considering the name of item/itemset. The employed hash table reduces search efficiency to O(1) or constant time. HCFI algorithm is applied on the UCI (University of California, Irvine) Cleveland dataset, a biological database of cardiovascular disease to generate closed frequent itemsets on the dataset...
September 14, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887747/reliability-and-validity-of-the-work-and-well-being-inventory-wbi-for-employees
#4
A A Vendrig, F G Schaafsma
Purpose The purpose of this study is to measure the psychometric properties of the Work and Wellbeing Inventory (WBI) (in Dutch: VAR-2), a screening tool that is used within occupational health care and rehabilitation. Our research question focused on the reliability and validity of this inventory. Methods Over the years seven different samples of workers, patients and sick listed workers varying in size between 89 and 912 participants (total: 2514), were used to measure the test-retest reliability, the internal consistency, the construct and concurrent validity, and the criterion and predictive validity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879599/secular-trends-in-sickness-absence-among-swedish-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-psoriatic-arthritis
#5
Christel Nielsen, Ingemar F Petersson, Lennart T H Jacobsson, Anna Jöud
The aim was to investigate whether secular trends in sickness absence (SA) were present in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) receiving their diagnosis between 2002 and 2011. A repeated cross-sectional study design was used. Patients were identified in the Skåne Healthcare Register (SHR). A washout period of 18 months was applied. The general population seeking health care was used as a reference cohort. SA data from 2003 to 2012 were obtained from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency and converted into net days of SA per year...
September 6, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864716/trajectories-and-characteristics-of-work-disability-before-and-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#6
Mo Wang, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner, Jari Tiihonen, Margaretha Voss, Torbjörn Ivert, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
OBJECTIVE: Scientific knowledge on work disability in terms of sickness absence and disability pension (SA/DP) among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is scarce. The study aimed to investigate trajectories of SA/DP among individuals with or without AMI and examined the associations between sociodemographic, morbidity and coronary revascularisation characteristics with such trajectories among patients with AMI. METHODS: This is a population-based cohort study of 10 255 individuals aged 30-60 years who had a first AMI during 2008-2010 and were alive 30 days after AMI...
September 1, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857614/attitudes-about-when-and-how-to-treat-patients-with-al-amyloidosis-an-international-survey
#7
Paolo Milani, Morie A Gertz, Giampaolo Merlini, Angela Dispenzieri
The aim of this survey was to describe the treatment decision making of expert physicians in when and how to treat patients with AL amyloidosis. Fifty amyloid expert physicians completed the survey. Autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) was considered the first line therapy, if medically feasible, by 73% of the physicians. Excluding ASCT, cyclophosphamide-bortezomib-dexamethasone regimen was the preferred strategy by 72%. Depending on organ involvement, the goal for treatment was CR for 27-35% and very good partial response (VGPR) for 65-72%...
August 31, 2017: Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841102/association-of-burnout-with-workforce-reducing-factors-among-ems-professionals
#8
Remle P Crowe, Julie K Bower, Rebecca E Cash, Ashish R Panchal, Severo A Rodriguez, Susan E Olivo-Marston
OBJECTIVES: Emergency medical services (EMS) professionals often work long hours at multiple jobs and endure frequent exposure to traumatic events. The stressors inherent to the prehospital setting may increase the likelihood of experiencing burnout and lead providers to exit the profession, representing a serious workforce and public health concern. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of burnout, identify characteristics associated with experiencing burnout, and quantify its relationship with factors that negatively impact EMS workforce stability, namely sickness absence and turnover intentions...
August 25, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836120/return-to-work-in-employees-on-sick-leave-due-to-neck-or-shoulder-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-multidisciplinary-and-brief-intervention-with-one-year-register-based-follow-up
#9
Line Thorndal Moll, Ole Kudsk Jensen, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, David Høyrup Christiansen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Merete Labriola
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary intervention (MDI) compared to a brief intervention (BI) with respect to return to work (RTW), pain and disability in workers on sick leave because of neck or shoulder pain. Methods 168 study participants with sickness absence for 4-16 weeks due to neck or shoulder pain were enrolled in a hospital-based clinical study and randomized to either MDI or BI. The primary outcome was RTW obtained by a national registry on public transfer payments...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835112/a-framework-to-create-more-mentally-healthy-workplaces-a-viewpoint
#10
Katherine Petrie, Sadhbh Joyce, Leona Tan, Max Henderson, Anya Johnson, Helena Nguyen, Matthew Modini, Markus Groth, Nicholas Glozier, Samuel B Harvey
Mental illness is now the leading cause of long-term sickness absence among Australian workers, with significant costs to the individual, their employers and society more broadly. However, to date, there has been little evidence-informed guidance as to what workplaces should be doing to enhance their employees' mental health and wellbeing. In this article, we present a framework outlining the key strategies employers can implement to create more mentally healthy workplaces. The five key strategies outlined are as follows: (1) designing work to minimise harm, (2) building organisational resilience through good management, (3) enhancing personal resilience, (4) promoting early help-seeking and (5) supporting recovery and return to work...
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830389/occupational-class-differences-in-diagnostic-specific-sickness-absence-a-register-based-study-in-the-finnish-population-2005-2014
#11
Johanna Pekkala, Jenni Blomgren, Olli Pietiläinen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal diseases and mental disorders are major causes of long-term sickness absence in Western countries. Although sickness absence is generally more common in lower occupational classes, little is known about class differences in diagnostic-specific absence over time. Focusing on Finland during 2005-2014, we therefore set out to examine the magnitude of and changes in absolute and relative occupational class differences in long-term sickness absence due to major diagnostic causes...
August 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819019/retrospectively-assessed-physical-work-environment-during-working-life-and-risk-of-sickness-absence-and-labour-market-exit-among-older-workers
#12
Emil Sundstrup, Åse Marie Hansen, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Otto Melchior Poulsen, Thomas Clausen, Reiner Rugulies, Anne Møller, Lars L Andersen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prospective association between retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and prospectively assessed sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers. METHODS: Using Cox regression analyses we estimated the 4-year to 6-year prospective risk of register-based long-term sickness absence (LTSA), disability pension, early retirement and unemployment from exposure to different physical work environmental factors during working life among 5076 older workers (age 49-63 at baseline) from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank cohort...
August 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806777/a-synthetic-sickness-screen-for-senescence-re-engagement-targets-in-mutant-cancer-backgrounds
#13
Claire J Cairney, Lauren S Godwin, Alan E Bilsland, Sharon Burns, Katrina H Stevenson, Lynn McGarry, John Revie, Jon D Moore, Ceri M Wiggins, Rebecca S Collinson, Clare Mudd, Elpida Tsonou, Mahito Sadaie, Dorothy C Bennett, Masashi Narita, Christopher J Torrance, W Nicol Keith
Senescence is a universal barrier to immortalisation and tumorigenesis. As such, interest in the use of senescence-induction in a therapeutic context has been gaining momentum in the past few years; however, senescence and immortalisation remain underserved areas for drug discovery owing to a lack of robust senescence inducing agents and an incomplete understanding of the signalling events underlying this complex process. In order to address this issue we undertook a large-scale morphological siRNA screen for inducers of senescence phenotypes in the human melanoma cell line A375P...
August 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795227/decrease-in-work-ability-index-and-sickness-absence-during-the-following-year-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#14
Masanori Ohta, Yoshiyuki Higuchi, Masaharu Kumashiro, Hiroshi Yamato, Hisamichi Sugimura
PURPOSE: Using a 2-year follow-up design, we examined whether changes in work ability during 1 year predicted sickness absence in the following year. METHODS: Workers (N = 1408) from the Japanese information technology sector each completed the Work Ability Index (WAI), the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) in 2011 and 2012. Absence data during 2013 was obtained from employees' computerized attendance records. We used psychological distress as evaluated by the GHQ; job stress and job support calculated using the BJSQ; and job title, sex, and age as potential confounding variables...
August 9, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791918/sickness-presenteeism-measurement-and-management-challenges
#15
Zara Whysall, James Bowden, Michael Hewitt
Since work can be restorative to health, attending work when unwell should not be viewed as an inherently negative phenomenon. However, the functional benefits are likely to depend on the health condition, and the psychosocial quality of the work provided. The current study used a workforce survey to explore differences in the pattern of presenteeism and absenteeism by health condition, the association of psychosocial work factors with presenteeism compared to absenteeism, and their interaction to predict health...
August 23, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783203/cumulative-occupational-mechanical-exposures-during-working-life-and-risk-of-sickness-absence-and-disability-pension-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Emil Sundstrup, Åse Marie Hansen, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Otto Melchior Poulsen, Thomas Clausen, Reiner Rugulies, Anne Møller, Lars L Andersen
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the prospective association of cumulative mechanical exposure during working life with health-related labor market outcomes. Methods This prospective cohort study combines data from 5076 older workers (age 49-63 years) from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank with a job exposure matrix and a national register containing information on social transfer payment. By coding individual job histories from the Danish version of ISCO-codes (International Standard Classification of Occupations), we calculated cumulative occupational mechanical exposures from a JEM for ton-years (lifting 1000 kg each day in one year), lifting-years (lifting loads weighing ≥20 kg >10 times each day in one year), kneeling-years (kneeling for one hour each day in one year) and vibration-years (whole-body vibration for one hour each day in one year)...
August 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783202/legislative-change-enabling-use-of-early-part-time-sick-leave-enhanced-return-to-work-and-work-participation-in-finland
#17
Eira Viikari-Juntura, Lauri J Virta, Johanna Kausto, Ilona Autti-Rämö, Kari-Pekka Martimo, Mikko Laaksonen, Taina Leinonen, Kirsti Husgafvel-Pursiainen, Alex Burdorf, Svetlana Solovieva
Objectives The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of the use of part-time sick leave at the early (first 12 weeks) stage of work disability due to mental disorder or musculoskeletal disease on sustained return to work (RTW) and overall work participation. Methods In a nation-wide register-based quasi-experimental study, we compared sustained RTW (ie, ≥28 consecutive days at work) and 2-year work participation between the part- and full-time sickness absence (SA) benefit groups (N=1878 in each group) using propensity-score matching...
August 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777709/substance-use-disorder-and-suicide-attempt-among-people-who-report-compromised-health
#18
Jonathan Prince
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder can increase the risk of suicide attempt. However, the relationship between substance use disorder and suicide attempt has yet to be explored among people who report compromised health, even though sick people are more likely to make an attempt. OBJECTIVES: Among people who report fair or poor health on the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (2006-2014; N = 502,467), I examined whether people with commonly occurring substance use disorders are more likely to attempt suicide than people without substance use disorders...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749947/the-mediating-role-of-recovery-opportunities-on-future-sickness-absence-from-a-gender-and-age-sensitive-perspective
#19
J S Boschman, A Noor, J K Sluiter, M Hagberg
A lack of sufficient recovery during and after work may help to explain impaired health in the long run. We aimed to increase knowledge on the mediating role of recovery opportunities (RO) during and after work on future sickness absence from a gender- and age-sensitive perspective. We used data on RO from a Swedish national survey in 2011 and linked these to sickness absence (>14 days) two years later among the general working population (N = 7,649). Mediation of the relationship between gender and sickness absence by exposure to RO was studied through linear regression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747193/impact-of-improved-recording-of-work-relatedness-in-primary-care-visits-at-occupational-health-services-on-sickness-absences-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Salla Atkins, Ulla Ojajärvi, Nina Talola, Mervi Viljamaa, Jaakko Nevalainen, Jukka Uitti
BACKGROUND: Employment protects and fosters health. Occupational health services, particularly in Finland, have a central role in protecting employee health and preventing work ability problems. However, primary care within occupational health services is currently underused in informing preventive activities. This study was designed to assess whether the recording of work ability problems and improvement of follow-up of work-related primary care visits can reduce sickness absences and work disability pensions after 1 year...
July 26, 2017: Trials
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