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Sickness Absence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523854/characteristics-associated-with-non-disclosure-of-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes-at-work
#1
K Olesen, B Cleal, T Skinner, I Willaing
AIM: To explore factors associated with non-disclosure of Type 2 diabetes to employers among Danish workers with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 705 workers with Type 2 diabetes completed a Danish cross-sectional survey. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the associations between background characteristics and probability of non-disclosure of diabetes to the employer. The models were mutually adjusted for background characteristics, socioeconomic-, diabetes- and work-related factors...
May 19, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515945/exposure-to-occupational-hazards-for-pregnancy-and-sick-leave-in-pregnant-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Jean-Bernard Henrotin, Monique Vaissière, Maryline Etaix, Mathieu Dziurla, Stéphane Malard, Dominique Lafon
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between exposure to occupational hazards for pregnancy and sick leave (SL) in pregnant workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in French occupational health services in 2014. Occupational hazards for pregnancy were assessed by occupational health physicians (OHPs). After delivery and at the time of returning to work, 1,495 eligible workers were interviewed by OHPs. Information on SL was self-reported...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514022/one-year-weight-change-and-long-term-sickness-absence-in-professional-firefighters
#3
BongKyoo Choi
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between weight change (particularly moderate weight loss, 5-10% in initial weight) and long-term sickness absence (LSA) in working populations. METHODS: Three hundred and forty professional firefighters reported their current and past (1 year ago) weights in a cross-sectional survey, along with their LSA experience due to a severe accident, injury, or illness during the previous 12 months. RESULTS: The prevalence of LSA was 14...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497357/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-treatment-of-individuals-with-common-mental-disorders-regarding-subsequent-development-of-mental-illness
#4
Thomas E Dorner, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
PURPOSE: Socioeconomic differences appear to be reflected in both, the development and the treatment of common mental disorders (CMDs, i.e. depressive, anxiety and stress-related disorders). Underlying mechanisms of these inequalities are to date not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate if (1) there are socioeconomic differences with regard to type of treatment and (2) if the socioeconomic status modifies the association between treatment and subsequent inpatient care or suicide attempt, respectively, in individuals with CMDs...
May 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496028/10-year-trends-of-educational-differences-in-long-sickness-absence-due-to-mental-disorders
#5
Hilla Sumanen, Olli Pietiläinen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
OBJECTIVES: Mental disorders are a key cause of sickness absence (SA) and challenge prolonging working careers. Thus, evidence on the development of SA trends is needed. In this study, educational differences in long SAs due to mental disorders were examined in two age groups among employees of the City of Helsinki from 2004 to 2013. METHODS: All permanently and temporarily employed staff aged 18-34 and 35-49 were included in the analyses (n = ~27800 per year). SA spells of ≥14 days due to mental disorders were examined annually...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494753/preventing-sickness-absenteeism-among-employees-with-common-mental-disorders-or-stress-related-symptoms-at-work-design-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-problem-solving-based-intervention-versus-care-as-usual-conducted-at-the-occupational-health
#6
G Bergström, M Lohela-Karlsson, L Kwak, L Bodin, I Jensen, M Torgén, L Nybergh
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMDs) are among the leading causes of sick leave in Sweden and other OECD countries. They result in suffering for the individual and considerable financial costs for the employer and for society at large. The occupational health service (OHS) can offer interventions in which both the individual and the work situation are taken into account. The aim of this paper is to describe the design of a study evaluating the effectiveness of an intervention given at the OHS to employees with CMDs or stress-related symptoms at work...
May 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486653/examination-of-the-double-burden-hypothesis-a-systematic-review-of-work-family-conflict-and-sickness-absence
#7
Wendy Nilsen, Anni Skipstein, Kristian A Østby, Arnstein Mykletun
Women consistently have higher sickness absence than men. The double-burden hypothesis suggests this is due to higher work-family burden in women than men. The current study aimed to systematically review prospective studies of work-family conflict and subsequent sickness absence. A systematic search was conducted in the electronic databases Medline, PsycINFO, and Embase with subject heading terms and keywords with no language or time restrictions. Two reviewers independently screened abstracts and read full-texts with pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473795/self-rated-health-and-sick-leave-among-nurses-and-physicians-the-role-of-regret-and-coping-strategies-in-difficult-care-related-situations
#8
Stéphane Cullati, Boris Cheval, Ralph E Schmidt, Thomas Agoritsas, Pierre Chopard, Delphine S Courvoisier
Moral distress - such as feeling strong regret over difficult patient situations - is common among nurses and physicians. Regret intensity, as well as the coping strategies used to manage regrets, may also influence the health and sickness absence of healthcare professionals. The objective of this study was to determine if the experience of regret related to difficult care-related situations is associated with poor health and sick leave and if coping strategies mediate these associations. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in Switzerland (Geneva, 2011 and Zurich, 2014)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463382/length-of-sickness-absence-and-sustained-return-to-work-in-mental-disorders-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-a-cohort-study-of-public-sector-employees
#9
Johanna Kausto, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Lauri J Virta, Marianna Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the length of sickness absence and sustained return to work (SRTW) and the predictors of SRTW in depression, anxiety disorders, intervertebral disc disorders, and back pain in a population-based cohort of employees in the Finnish public sector. Methods We linked data from employers' registers and four national population registers. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis with a cluster option was applied. SRTW was defined as the end of the sickness benefit period not followed by a recurrent sickness benefit period in 30 days...
May 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459607/sickness-absence-and-disability-pension-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-5-year-nationwide-cohort-study
#10
Pia Kvillemo, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Richard Bränström, Kerstin Nilsson, Kristina Alexanderson
Purpose To explore future diagnosis-specific sickness absence and disability pension among women with breast cancer compared with women without breast cancer. Also, to examine associations with disease-related and sociodemographic factors among those with breast cancer. Methods Longitudinal register data on 3,547 women living in Sweden (age 20 to 65 years) who were first diagnosed with breast cancer in 2005, and a matched comparison cohort (n = 14,188), were analyzed for the annual prevalence of diagnosis-specific sickness absence and disability pension over 5 years...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444732/low-back-pain-among-nurses-in-slovenian-hospitals-cross-sectional-study
#11
B Skela-Savič, K Pesjak, S Hvalič-Touzery
AIM: The study investigated the prevalence and factors predicting low back pain among nurses in Slovenian hospitals. BACKGROUND: The risk factors for low back pain are physical and psychosocial. Implementation of interventions for reducing low back pain calls for management support, accessible equipment, education, knowledge and risk assessment. INTRODUCTION: Low back pain prevalence and incidence among healthcare workers is very high compared to the general population and is a strong risk factor for long-term sickness absence...
April 26, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443449/a-question-of-time
#12
Ellis Davies
Regarding your story 'Research reveals link between 12-hour shifts and sickness absence' (news, 12 April), I think you're more likely to be sick working ten short shifts in a row.
April 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443448/letter
#13
Dave Scarrott
Your story linking 12-hour shifts with sickness absence is an insulting view of the situation.
April 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430901/synergistic-effect-between-ischaemic-heart-disease-and-common-mental-disorders-and-the-risk-of-premature-exit-from-the-labour-market-a-nationwide-register-based-study-from-sweden
#14
Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Torbjörn Ivert, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner
Aims: Common mental disorders i.e. depressive and anxiety disorders (CMD) are frequent comorbid conditions in individuals with ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Still, their effect on preterm exit from the labour market [i.e. disability pension (DP)] in individuals with IHD has to date not been scrutinized. The aim of this study was to investigate the separate and joint effect of IHD and CMD on the risk of DP for women and men of working age. Material and methods: This population-based cohort study included all non-pensioned 4 823 069 individuals, registered as living in Sweden 31 December 2004 and then 16-64 years of age...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411929/updates-in-decompression-illness
#15
REVIEW
Neal W Pollock, Dominique Buteau
Decompression sickness and arterial gas embolism, collectively known as decompression illness (DCI), are rare but serious afflictions that can result from compressed gas diving exposures. Risk is primarily determined by the pressure-time profile but is influenced by several factors. DCI can present idiosyncratically but with a wide range of neurologic symptoms. Examination is critical for assessment in the absence of diagnostic indicators. Many conditions must be considered in the differential diagnosis. High-fraction oxygen breathing provides first aid but definitive treatment of DCI is hyperbaric oxygen...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403625/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-algorithm-for-the-onset-of-common-mental-disorders-in-a-working-population
#16
Ana Fernandez, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Isabella Choi, Rafael Calvo, Samuel B Harvey, Nicholas Glozier
OBJECTIVE: Common mental disorders are the most common reason for long-term sickness absence in most developed countries. Prediction algorithms for the onset of common mental disorders may help target indicated work-based prevention interventions. We aimed to develop and validate a risk algorithm to predict the onset of common mental disorders at 12 months in a working population. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey, a longitudinal, nationally representative household panel in Australia...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401441/effect-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-sickness-absence-in-persons-with-musculoskeletal-or-mental-health-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Vidar Halsteinli, Nils Fleten, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To assess effects of an inpatient multicomponent occupational rehabilitation program compared to less comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation on sickness absence in persons with musculoskeletal- or mental health disorders. Methods Randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals 18-60 years old on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2, identified in a national register...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399744/research-reveals-link-between-12-hour-shifts-and-sickness-absence
#18
(no author information available yet)
Nurses are more likely to take sick leave if working 12-hour shift patterns, research shows.
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385066/predictive-validity-of-the-work-ability-index-and-its-individual-items-in-the-general-population
#19
Andreas Lundin, Ola Leijon, Marjan Vaez, Mats Hallgren, Margareta Torgén
AIM: This study assesses the predictive ability of the full Work Ability Index (WAI) as well as its individual items in the general population. METHODS: The Work, Health and Retirement Study (WHRS) is a stratified random national sample of 25-75-year-olds living in Sweden in 2000 that received a postal questionnaire ( n = 6637, response rate = 53%). Current and subsequent sickness absence was obtained from registers. The ability of the WAI to predict long-term sickness absence (LTSA; ⩾ 90 consecutive days) during a period of four years was analysed by logistic regression, from which the Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (AUC) was computed...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371921/work-ability-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-a-register-study-on-the-prospective-risk-of-exclusion-and-probability-of-returning-to-work
#20
Sofie M Hansen, Merete Lund Hetland, Jacob Pedersen, Mikkel Østergaard, Tine Steen Rubak, Jakob Bue Bjorner
Objectives.: The aim was to study work ability in patients with RA compared with the general population by investigating the rates and risks of long-term sickness absence, unemployment and disability pension, and the chance of returning to work and the changes in these risks over time (1994-2011). Methods.: This was a cohort study with up to 17 years of follow-up (mean 6.95 years/person) including 6677 RA patients of working age (identified in the nationwide DANBIO registry) and 56 955 matched controls from the general population...
March 28, 2017: Rheumatology
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