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Sickness Absence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717071/anti-mitochondrial-m2-antibodies-enhance-the-risk-of-supraventricular-arrhythmias-in-patients-with-elevated-hepatobiliary-enzyme-levels
#1
Hiroki Konishi, Koji Fukuzawa, Shumpei Mori, Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi, Kunihiko Kiuchi, Atsushi Suzuki, Yoshihiko Yano, Akihiro Yoshida, Ken-Ichi Hirata
Objective Supraventricular arrhythmias are commonly detected in patients with anti-mitochondrial antibody M2 (AMA-M2)-associated myopathy. However, the prevalence of supraventricular arrhythmias in unselected AMA-M2-positive patients and the impact of AMA-M2 on supraventricular arrhythmias have yet to be fully investigated. Methods We analyzed 384 patients (116 men; age, 60 [48-69] years), who underwent AMA-M2 testing following the detection of elevated hepatobiliary enzymes. Supraventricular arrhythmias involving atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, atrial tachycardia, sick sinus syndrome, and atrial standstill were confirmed by a 12-lead electrocardiogram, 24-hour ambulatory monitoring, and physician-assigned diagnoses within the three years before and two years after the AMA-M2 test...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713854/forced-migration-in-childhood-are-there-long-term-health-effects
#2
Jan M Saarela, Irma T Elo
Studies on the health of migrants have increased considerably in number in recent years, but little is still known about the long-term health effects associated with forced migration, and particularly for people who were forced to migrate as children. Data shortcomings together with the methodological challenges of studying migrant populations limit the ability to disentangle the roles of various factors that influence migrant health outcomes. Finland provides an unusual opportunity to study long-term health consequences associated with forced migration...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709405/rehabilitation-access-and-effectiveness-for-persons-with-back-pain-the-protocol-of-a-cohort-study-rehab-bp-drks00011554
#3
Matthias Bethge, Kerstin Mattukat, David Fauser, Wilfried Mau
BACKGROUND: Back pain is one of the most common chronic diseases in Germany and has a major impact on work ability and social participation. The German Pension Insurance (GPI) is the main provider of medical rehabilitation to improve work ability and prevent disability pensions in Germany. However, over half of the persons granted a disability pension have never used a medical rehabilitation service. Furthermore, evidence on the effects of medical rehabilitation in Germany is inconclusive...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699463/investigating-the-attitudes-of-nurses-who-are-obese
#4
Jane Wills, Muireann Kelly
The prevalence of obesity is higher among nurses than in any other group of healthcare professionals. Obesity is an issue for the nursing workforce because of its effects on work-related sickness absence and productivity, through related conditions such as arthritis and diabetes. Aim To investigate the attitudes, motivations and behaviours of, and the uptake of workplace health initiatives by, nurses who are obese. Method Nurses who are or were obese and who practised in England were recruited at the Royal College of Nursing congress in Glasgow in June 2016...
July 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694388/annexin-a2-supports-pulmonary-microvascular-integrity-by-linking-vascular-endothelial-cadherin-and-protein-tyrosine-phosphatases
#5
Min Luo, Elle C Flood, Dena Almeida, LunBiao Yan, David A Berlin, Paul M Heerdt, Katherine A Hajjar
Relative or absolute hypoxia activates signaling pathways that alter gene expression and stabilize the pulmonary microvasculature. Alveolar hypoxia occurs in disorders ranging from altitude sickness to airway obstruction, apnea, and atelectasis. Here, we report that the phospholipid-binding protein, annexin A2 (ANXA2) functions to maintain vascular integrity in the face of alveolar hypoxia. We demonstrate that microvascular endothelial cells (ECs) from Anxa2(-/-) mice display reduced barrier function and excessive Src-related tyrosine phosphorylation of the adherens junction protein vascular endothelial cadherin (VEC)...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693349/the-wounded-maternity-in-the-fine-arts
#6
Simona Giardina, Maria Rosa Montinari
The historian Fielding Garrison wrote that the history of medicine is the history of mankind, as it encompasses all of human life. This means that the history of medicine encourages us to critically reflect not only on the information (the what, the world of facts) but also invites us to move towards understanding (the who, the world of stories). Next to the historical change, there is the anthropological duration with its baggage of immutable values that art brings to light. The merit of art is to focus not only on the biological aspects, but also on the social and emotional ones that define the mother/child relationship...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692009/potential-economic-benefits-of-paid-sick-leave-in-reducing-absenteeism-related-to-the-spread-of-influenza-like-illness
#7
Abay Asfaw, Roger Rosa, Regina Pana-Cryan
OBJECTIVE: Most U.S. employers are not required to provide paid sick leave (PSL), and there is limited information on the economic return of providing PSL. We estimated potential benefits to employers of PSL in reducing absenteeism related to the spread of influenza-like illness (ILI). METHODS: We used nationally representative data and a negative binomial random effects model to estimate the impact of PSL in reducing overall absence due to illness or injury. We used published data to compute the share of ILI from the total days of absence, ILI transmission rates at workplaces, wages, and other parameters...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686477/the-issue-of-long-term-fit-notes-for-depression-in-the-uk-patient-gp-and-general-practice-variation
#8
Mark Gabbay, Chris Shiels, Jim Hillage
BACKGROUND: Depression is an important cause of certified sickness absence in the UK. It is not known what factors are associated with variation in length of sickness certificates issued by the GP to the depressed patient. AIMS: The purpose of the study was to identify patient, GP and practice factors associated with the issue of a long-term (> 4 week) fit note for depression. METHODS: Sixty-eight UK general practices collected sickness certification data for 12 months...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683580/use-of-a-mental-health-guideline-by-occupational-physicians-and-associations-with-return-to-work-in-workers-sick-listed-due-to-common-mental-disorders-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Karlijn M van Beurden, Margot C W Joosen, Berend Terluin, Jaap van Weeghel, Jac J L van der Klink, Evelien P M Brouwers
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate (1) whether adherence to the Dutch occupational mental health guideline by occupational physicians was associated with time to return to work in workers sick-listed due to common mental disorders; and (2) whether adherence to specific guideline items was associated with time to return to work. METHODS: Twelve performance indicators were developed to assess occupational physicians' guideline adherence. Medical records of 114 sick-listed workers were audited...
July 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673422/human-african-trypanosomiasis
#10
REVIEW
Philippe Büscher, Giuliano Cecchi, Vincent Jamonneau, Gerardo Priotto
Human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) is a parasitic infection that almost invariably progresses to death unless treated. Human African trypanosomiasis caused devastating epidemics during the 20th century. Thanks to sustained and coordinated efforts over the past 15 years, the number of reported cases has fallen to an historically low level. Fewer than 3000 cases were reported in 2015, and the disease is targeted for elimination by WHO. Despite these recent successes, the disease is still endemic in parts of sub-Saharan Africa, where it is a considerable burden on rural communities, most notably in central Africa...
June 30, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673125/reasons-for-using-workplace-wellness-services-cross-sectional-study-among-6000-employees
#11
Roger Persson, Bryan Cleal, Mette Øllgaard Jakobsen, Ebbe Villadsen, Lars Louis Andersen
AIMS: While workplace wellness services are proactively established to improve well-being and reduce sickness absence, knowledge of reasons for using these services remains sparse. This study investigates which factors determine use of an in-house wellness service at a large organization (the Danish Police) with several departments in different geographical locations. METHODS: All potential users of the Wellness service ( n = 15,284) were invited to respond to a cross-sectional questionnaire...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669035/the-longitudinal-association-between-multiple-job-holding-and-long-term-sickness-absence-among-danish-employees-an-explorative-study-using-register-based-data
#12
Stef Bouwhuis, Anne Helene Garde, Goedele A Geuskens, Cécile R L Boot, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: Multiple job holding (MJH) is common in many countries, but little is known about its (health) consequences. Our aim is to explore the longitudinal association between MJH and long-term sickness absence (LTSA) among Danish employees. METHODS: We included employees (N = 8968) who participated in the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study (DWECS), based on a representative sample of the Danish working population. Three dichotomous independent variables were created: MJH in general, combination MJH (i...
July 1, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661767/crisis-or-chronic-strain-gender-and-age-differences-in-sickness-absence-following-early-spousal-loss
#13
Bo Vignes
This population-based study ( N = 908,468) examines the effects of spousal loss on being absent from work due to illness or injury (sickness absence) among employed individuals in Norway. Fixed-effects models capturing antecedent and short- and long-term effects of spousal loss over a 15-year period were estimated to explore gender and age differences in the impact of widowhood. The crisis model, the social-role model, and the life course perspective are discussed. Furthermore, the study calls into question whether parenthood explains the gendered age gradient of the widowhood effect...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660364/how-can-supervisors-contribute-to-the-return-to-work-of-employees-who-have-experienced-depression
#14
Alessia Negrini, Marc Corbière, Tania Lecomte, Marie-France Coutu, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Louise St-Arnaud, Marie-José Durand, Andrea Gragnano, Djamal Berbiche
Background In Western countries, work disability due to depression is a widespread problem that generates enormous costs. Objective The goal of this study was to determine the types and prevalence of supervisor contributions during the different phases of the return-to-work (RTW) process (before and during the sick-leave absence, and during the RTW preparations) of employees diagnosed with depression. Moreover, we sought to determine which contributions actually facilitate employees' RTW, and to identify the work accommodations most frequently implemented by supervisors at the actual time of their employee's RTW...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660322/associations-between-organizational-injustice-and-work-ability-self-reported-disability-days-and-medical-consultations-cross-sectional-findings-from-employees-with-prior-sickness-absence-payments
#15
Katja Spanier, Elke Peters, Elliot Michel, Friedrich Michael Radoschewski, Matthias Bethge
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to identify associations between organizational injustice and work ability, disability days, and consultations with general practitioners. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of persons previously receiving sickness absence benefits were used for analyses. Organizational injustice was assessed using a German version of the "organizational justice questionnaire". Dependent variables were the Work Ability Index, self-reported disability days, and consultations with general practitioners...
June 28, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655587/involvement-of-interleukin-1-type-1-receptors-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-sickness-responses
#16
Takashi Matsuwaki, Kiseko Shionoya, Robert Ihnatko, Anna Eskilsson, Shigeru Kakuta, Sylvie Dufour, Markus Schwaninger, Ari Waisman, Werner Müller, Emmanuel Pinteaux, David Engblom, Anders Blomqvist
Sickness responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were examined in mice with deletion of the interleukin (IL)-1 type 1 receptor (IL-1R1). IL-1R1 knockout (KO) mice displayed intact anorexia and HPA-axis activation to intraperitoneally injected LPS (anorexia: 10 or 120 µg/kg; HPA-axis: 120 µg/kg), but showed attenuated but not extinguished fever (120 µg/kg). Brain PGE2 synthesis was attenuated, but Cox-2 induction remained intact. Neither the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) inhibitor etanercept nor the IL-6 receptor antibody tocilizumab abolished the LPS induced fever in IL-1R1 KO mice...
June 24, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645256/socioeconomic-status-is-associated-with-symptom-severity-and-sickness-absence-in-people-with-infectious-intestinal-disease-in-the-uk
#17
Tanith C Rose, Natalie L Adams, Benjamin Barr, Jeremy Hawker, Sarah J O'Brien, Mara Violato, Margaret Whitehead, David C Taylor-Robinson
BACKGROUND: The burden of infectious intestinal disease (IID) in the UK is substantial. Negative consequences including sickness absence are common, but little is known about the social patterning of these outcomes, or the extent to which they relate to disease severity. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using IID cases identified from a large population-based survey, to explore the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and symptom severity and sickness absence; and to assess the role of symptom severity on the relationship between SES and absence...
June 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645250/labour-market-marginalisation-after-mental-disorders-among-young-natives-and-immigrants-living-in-sweden
#18
Magnus Helgesson, Petter Tinghög, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Fredrik Saboonchi, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the associations between mental disorders and three different measures of labour-market marginalisation, and differences between native Swedes and immigrants. METHODS: The study comprised 1,753,544 individuals, aged 20-35 years, and resident in Sweden 2004. They were followed 2005-2011 with regard to disability pension, sickness absence (≥90 days) and unemployment (≥180 days). Immigrants were born in Western countries (Nordic countries, EU, Europe outside EU or North-America/Oceania), or in non-Western countries (Africa, Asia or South-America)...
June 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639237/work-home-interference-perceived-total-workload-and-the-risk-of-future-sickness-absence-due-to-stress-related-mental-diagnoses-among-women-and-men-a-prospective-twin-study
#19
Pia Svedberg, Lisa Mather, Gunnar Bergström, Petra Lindfors, Victoria Blom
PURPOSE: Work-home interference has been proposed as an important explanation for sickness absence (SA). Previous studies show mixed results, have not accounted for familial factors (genetics and shared everyday environment), or investigated diagnosis specific SA. The aim was to study whether work-home interference and perceived total workload predict SA due to stress-related mental diagnoses, or SA due to other mental diagnoses, among women and men, when adjusting for various confounders and familial factors...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639082/socio-economic-factors-associated-with-the-1%C3%A2-year-prevalence-of-severe-pain-and-pain-related-sickness-absence-in-the-austrian-population
#20
Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Thomas Ernst Dorner
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to (1) investigate the relation of socio-economic status (SES), measured as education, occupation, and income, with the 12-month prevalence of severe pain and with pain-related sickness absence, and (2) analyse to what extent sociodemographic and medical factors influence these associations. METHODS: The study population comprised 8084 subjects aged between 15 and 65 years from the Austrian Health Interview Survey in 2006/07...
June 21, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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