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Sickness Absence

Sturla Gjesdal, Tor Helge Holmaas, Karin Monstad, Øystein Hetlevik
OBJECTIVES: To identify new cases of musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders among employed people presenting in Norwegian primary care in 2012, frequency of sickness certification and length of sick leave. To identify patient-, diagnosis- and GP-related predictors of sickness certification, prolonged sick leave and return to work (RTW). METHODS: An observational multiregister-based cohort study covering all employed persons in Norway(1 176 681 women and 1 330 082 men) based on claims data from all regular GPs merged with individual sociodemographic data from public registers was performed...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Ewan Carr, Maria Fleischmann, Marcel Goldberg, Diana Kuh, Emily T Murray, Mai Stafford, Stephen Stansfeld, Jussi Vahtera, Baowen Xue, Paola Zaninotto, Marie Zins, Jenny Head
OBJECTIVES: Past studies have identified socioeconomic inequalities in the timing and route of labour market exit at older ages. However, few studies have compared these trends cross-nationally and existing evidence focuses on specific institutional outcomes (such as disability pension and sickness absence) in Nordic countries. We examined differences by education level and occupational grade in the risks of work exit and health-related work exit. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal data were drawn from seven studies (n=99 164)...
March 12, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Nicole Guertzgen, Karsten Hank
Exploiting unique German administrative data, we estimate the association between an expansion in maternity leave duration from two to six months in 1979 and mothers' postbirth long-term sickness absence over a period of three decades after childbirth. Adopting a difference-in-difference approach, we first assess the reform's labor market effects and, subsequently, prebirth and postbirth maternal long-term sickness absence, accounting for the potential role of the reform in mothers' selection into employment...
March 8, 2018: Demography
Jaakko Harkko, Marianna Virtanen, Anne Kouvonen
Background: Unemployment in early adulthood is associated with higher rate of disability due to common mental disorders (CMDs). We investigated to what extent the association between unemployment and sub-sequent long-term sickness absence due to CMDs is direct or whether it is dependent on accumulation of mental health problems and socioeconomic disadvantage. Methods: In this longitudinal study, a population-based 60% sample of Finnish young adults born between 1983 and 1985 (N = 116 878) was followed up for the incidence of CMDs from 2006 to 2010...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Eugenia Bruzzese, Antonietta Giannattasio, Alfredo Guarino
Antibiotic therapy is not necessary for acute diarrhea in children, as rehydration is the key treatment and symptoms resolve generally without specific therapy. Searching for the etiology of gastroenteritis is not usually needed; however, it may be necessary if antimicrobial treatment is considered. The latter is left to the physician evaluation in the absence of clear indications. Antimicrobial treatment should be considered in severely sick children, in those who have chronic conditions or specific risk factors or in specific settings...
2018: F1000Research
Najla Mechergui, Nesrine Chaouech, Hanéne Ben Said, Mejda Bani, Radhia Boujday, Nizar Ladhari
INTRODUCTION: The evaluation of fitness for work can be conducted upon the employer's request even during the employee's sickness absence. AIM: Determine the contribution of conducting medical examinations to assess the working ability of Charles Nicolle hospital's workers who are on sick leave. METHODS: A descriptive and retrospective study included all the medical records, completed over a two-year period (2013-2014), of Charles Nicolle hospital's personnel who were on sick leave and who consulted the service of occupational medicine and professional pathology to undergo a fitness for work evaluation requested by the employer...
May 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Constanze Eib, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Constanze Leineweber
Organizational justice perceptions are considered a predictor of health and well-being. To date, empirical evidence about whether organizational justice perceptions predict health or health predicts organizational justice perceptions is mixed. Furthermore, the processes underlying these relationships are largely unknown. In this article, we study whether bidirectional relationships can be explained by 2 different mediation mechanisms. First, based on the allostatic load model, we suggest that the relationships between organizational justice perceptions and different health indicators are mediated through mental preoccupation with work...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Maja H Fisker, Niels E Ebbehøj, Søren Grove Vejlstrup, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jens Peter Bonde, Tove Agner
Objective Occupational hand eczema has adverse health and socioeconomic impacts for the afflicted individuals and society. Prevention and treatment strategies are needed. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of an educational intervention on sickness absence, quality of life and severity of hand eczema. Methods PREVEX (PreVention of EXema) is an individually randomized, parallel-group superiority trial investigating the pros and cons of one-time, 2-hour, group-based education in skin-protective behavior versus treatment as usual among patients with newly notified occupational hand eczema, with follow-up after one year...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Kristina Karstad, Anette F B Jørgensen, Birgit A Greiner, Alex Burdorf, Karen Søgaard, Reiner Rugulies, Andreas Holtermann
PURPOSE: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), sickness absence and premature retirement are highly prevalent among eldercare workers. We conducted a prospective observational workplace study with the main purpose to investigate longitudinal associations between physical and psychosocial working conditions and occurrence of MSD and its consequences (pain-related interference with daily work activities and sickness absence) among Danish eldercare workers. PARTICIPANTS: At 20 Danish nursing homes, a total of 941 eldercare workers employed in day and evening shifts were invited to the study...
February 28, 2018: BMJ Open
Simon Götz, Hanno Hoven, Andreas Müller, Nico Dragano, Morten Wahrendorf
PURPOSE: We aim to extend current knowledge on associations between stressful work and sickness absence, first, by studying associations between ERI and sickness absence among full-time employees from various occupations, and second, by investigating if associations vary by age. METHODS: We use data from four waves of the German socio-economic panel (GSOEP), collected among men and women between 2006 and 2012, with 9418 observations. Stressful work is measured with a short form of the ERI questionnaire...
February 28, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Katariina Hinkka, Mikko Niemelä, Ilona Autti-Rämö, Heikki Palomäki
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore Finnish physicians' perceptions of sickness absence (SA) certification. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 50% of the physicians in Finland who provide care to working-age patients in a clinical practice setting. Of the 8867 physicians, 3089 responded. Physicians handling SA certification patients at least a few times per month were included ( n = 2472). RESULTS: At least a few times per month, 61% of all physicians perceived SA issues as problematic, 60% had experienced a lack of time in dealing with SA matters, 36% had disagreed with a patient on SA certification, and 36% had met a patient who wanted a SA certificate for reasons other than a disease or injury...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Barbara J Kupferschmid, Barbara Therrien, Pamela J Rowsey
OBJECTIVE: Immune challenges result in sickness responses such as decreased activity, fever, and spatial learning deficits. While these responses occur simultaneously, they are not usually evaluated concurrently or for an extended time. The purpose of this study was to examine how an immune challenge affected activity and temperature responses in animals tested concurrently in the Morris water maze (MWM) over 5 days and how aging interacts with such responses. METHOD: An accepted model of aging, adult ( n = 10; 5-6 months) and aged ( n = 7; 22 months) male Brown-Norway rats were implanted with a telemetry device (Mini Mitter, Oakmont, PA) to continuously monitor temperature and activity following an immune challenge...
January 1, 2018: Biological Research for Nursing
Pekka Ilmakunnas, Seija Ilmakunnas
AIM: We examine the relationship between the subjective assessment of health status and retirement by using information on expected and actual retirement ages. METHODS: Subjective data from cross-sectional surveys, conducted in Finland in 2003 and 2008, are linked to information on actual retirement age from register data from 2003 to 2013. Regression models are estimated for actual and expected retirement ages. RESULTS: While the health status is positively correlated with both actual and anticipated full-time retirement age, the actual age of retirement is less sensitive to health...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Jaana I Halonen, Svetlana Solovieva, Lauri J Virta, Mikko Laaksonen, Kari-Pekka Martimo, Ismo Hiljanen, Tea Lallukka, Ilona Autti-Rämö, Eira Viikari-Juntura
AIMS: Return to work (RTW) after prolonged sickness absence benefits both the individual and society. However, the effectiveness of legislation aiming to improve RTW remains uncertain. We examined whether sustained RTW and work participation were different before and after a legislative change enacted in 2012 (i.e. an intervention) that obligated employers to give notice of prolonged sickness absence to occupational health services. METHODS: Two random samples (2010 and 2013) of the Finnish working aged population (70%, ~2...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
J M Ravalier, J Walsh
Background: The UK education sector has among the highest level of stress sickness absence of all occupations. However, investigations of psychosocial working conditions which contribute to stress, including behaviour of students and parents, has not been conducted. Aims: To investigate the psychosocial working conditions and prevalence of negative parental and student behaviour in a large sample of school teachers and college lecturers based in England. In addition, to assess the influence of working conditions, student behaviour and parental behaviour on perceived stress...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
María José Suárez, Cristina Muñiz
Labour absenteeism may be detrimental to firms and society because of the economic costs, organizational problems and production cuts that it involves. Although involuntary absenteeism due to accident or illness that prevents workers from performing their work is unavoidable, avoidable voluntary absenteeism may also emerge due to asymmetric information given that neither employers nor doctors have perfect information about workers' health status. Assuming that there is heterogeneity in individual's behaviour and thus some workers are more likely to take sick leave than others due to differences in observable and unobservable characteristics, we specify a Finite Mixture Model to analyse sick leave days per year using a sample of employees from the 2014 European Health Survey in Spain...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
Lars L Andersen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Efat Lali Dastjerdi, Roger Persson, Markus D Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: High physical exertion during work is a risk factor for back pain and long-term sickness absence. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which factors are associated with physical exertion during manual lifting. METHODS: From 14 workplaces across Denmark, 200 blue-collar workers reported perceived physical exertion (Borg-CR10) during manual lifting from floor to table height of 5, 10, 20 and 30 kg at the beginning and end of the working day...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Tesfaye Hambisa Mekonnen, Mekuriaw Alemayewu Tefera, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
Background: Going to work despite feeling sick also known as sickness presenteeism is one of the emerging global occupational health challenges. Sickness presenteeism negatively affects both health of work forces and productivity of organizations in general. However, there is insufficient research exploring this situation in majority of the Sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Thus this study intended to investigate the prevalence and determinant factors of sickness presenteeism among health care workers, Western Ethiopia...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Marieke F A van Hoffen, Corné A M Roelen, Willem van Rhenen, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Martijn W Heymans, Jos W R Twisk
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial work characteristics are associated with all-cause long-term sickness absence (LTSA). AIMS: This study investigated whether psychosocial work characteristics such as higher workload, faster pace of work, less variety in work, lack of performance feedback, and lack of supervisor support are prospectively associated with higher LTSA due to mental disorders. METHODS: Cohort study including 4877 workers employed in the distribution and transport sector in The Netherlands...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Marit B Rise, Martin Skagseth, Nina E Klevanger, Lene Aasdahl, Petter Borchgrevink, Chris Jensen, Hanne Tenggren, Vidar Halsteinli, Trym N Jacobsen, Svein B Løland, Roar Johnsen, Marius S Fimland
BACKGROUND: Recent research has suggested that interventions at the workplace might be the most potent ingredient in return to work interventions, but few studies have investigated the different effects of workplace interventions as part of occupational rehabilitation programs. The comprehensive design described in this article includes effect (on return to work and health outcomes), and health economic evaluations of a workplace intervention added to a multicomponent rehabilitation program...
February 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
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