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Sickness Absence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924106/inpatient-care-of-small-and-sick-newborns-in-healthcare-facilities
#1
REVIEW
S B Neogi, R Khanna, M Chauhan, J Sharma, G Gupta, R Srivastava, P K Prabhakar, A Khera, R Kumar, S Zodpey, V K Paul
Neonatal units in teaching and non-teaching hospitals both in public and private hospitals have been increasing in number in the country since the sixties. In 1994, a District Newborn Care Programme was introduced as a part of the Child Survival and Safe Motherhood Programme (CSSM) in 26 districts. Inpatient care of small and sick newborns in the public health system got a boost under National Rural Health Mission with the launch of the national programme on facility-based newborn care (FBNC). This has led to a nationwide creation of Newborn Care Corners (NBCC) at every point of child birth, newborn stabilization units (NBSUs) at First Referral Units (FRUs) and special newborn care units (SNCUs) at district hospitals...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918381/outbreak-of-piv-3-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-england
#2
Gemma Louise Dunn, Helen Tapson, Jonathan Davis, Maya Gobin
An outbreak of PIV-3 in a neonatal intensive care unit was investigated using a retrospective cohort study. Risk of infection increased with lower birth weight and gestational age. Contact with sick visitor(s)/staff was not associated with infection (P= 0.212, P=0.299). Transmission routes are difficult to identify, and the importance of visiting restrictions and sickness absence during outbreaks is recommended.
November 30, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913613/socioeconomic-differences-in-health-check-ups-and-medically-certified-sickness-absence-a-10-year-follow-up-among-middle-aged-municipal-employees-in-finland
#3
Kustaa Piha, Hilla Sumanen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
BACKGROUND: There is contradictory evidence on the association between health check-ups and future morbidity. Among the general population, those with high socioeconomic position participate more often in health check-ups. The main aims of this study were to analyse if attendance to health check-ups are socioeconomically patterned and affect sickness absence over a 10-year follow-up. METHODS: This register-based follow-up study included municipal employees of the City of Helsinki...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911453/addressing-long-term-sickness-absence-moving-beyond-disease-illness-and-work-related-factors-for-effective-prevention
#4
EDITORIAL
Ludovic Gpm van Amelsvoort, Nicole Wh Jansen, IJmert Kant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904985/effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-enhance-occupational-physicians-guideline-adherence-on-sickness-absence-duration-in-workers-with-common-mental-disorders-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Karlijn M van Beurden, Evelien P M Brouwers, Margot C W Joosen, Michiel R de Boer, Jaap van Weeghel, Berend Terluin, Jac J L van der Klink
Purpose Evidence-based guidelines in occupational health care improve the quality of care and may reduce sickness absence duration. Notwithstanding that, guideline adherence of occupational physicians (OPs) is limited. Based on the literature on guideline implementation, an intervention was developed that was shown to effectively improve self-reported adherence in OPs. The aim of present study was to evaluate whether this intervention leads to earlier return to work (RTW) in workers with common mental disorders (CMD)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900169/neuromuscular-exercise-and-back-counselling-for-female-nursing-personnel-with-recurrent-non-specific-low-back-pain-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-nurse-rct
#6
Jaana H Suni, Marjo Rinne, Markku Kankaanpää, Annika Taulaniemi, Sirpa Lusa, Harri Lindholm, Jari Parkkari
INTRODUCTION: Nursing personnel have high risk for incidence of low back pain (LBP) followed by development of chronic pain and disability. Multiple risk factors such as patient handling, night shift work and lack of supporting work culture have been identified. In subacute LBP, high-fear avoidance is prognostic for more pain, disability and not returning to work. Lack of leisure-time physical activity predicts long-term sickness absence. The purpose of this study is to compare effectiveness of 6-month neuromuscular exercise and counselling in treating back pain in female nursing personnel with recurrent non-specific LBP pain compared with either (exercise or counselling) alone and a non-treatment control group...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884137/early-identification-in-primary-health-care-of-people-at-risk-for-sick-leave-due-to-work-related-stress-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct
#7
Kristina Holmgren, Christine Sandheimer, Ann-Charlotte Mårdby, Maria E H Larsson, Ute Bültmann, Dominique Hange, Gunnel Hensing
BACKGROUND: Early identification of persons at risk of sickness absence due to work-related stress is a crucial problem for society in general, and primary health care in particular. Tho date, no established method to do this exists. This project's aim is to evaluate whether systematic early identification of work-related stress can prevent sickness absence. This paper presents the study design, procedure and outcome measurements, as well as allocation and baseline characteristics of the study population...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867144/palliative-care-in-pakistan
#8
Robyna Irshad Khan
Pakistan is a developing country of South East Asia, with all the incumbent difficulties currently being faced by the region. Insufficient public healthcare facilities, poorly regulated private health sector, low budgetary allocation for health, improper priority setting while allocating limited resources, have resulted essentially in an absence of palliative care from the healthcare scene. Almost 90% of healthcare expenditure is out of the patient's pocket with more than 45% of population living below the poverty line...
November 11, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864987/-mental-health-day-sickness-absence-amongst-nurses-and-midwives-workplace-workforce-psychosocial-and-health-characteristics
#9
Scott Lamont, Scott Brunero, Lin Perry, Christine Duffield, David Sibbritt, Robyn Gallagher, Rachel Nicholls
AIM: To examine the workforce, workplace, psychosocial and health characteristics of nurses and midwives in relation to their reported use of sickness absence described as 'mental health days'. BACKGROUND: The occupational stress associated with the nursing profession is increasingly recognised and nurse/midwifery absenteeism is a significant global problem. Taking a 'mental health day' as sickness absence is a common phenomenon in Australian healthcare. No previous studies have empirically explored the characteristics of nurses and midwives using such sickness absence...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856477/how-does-work-disability-of-patients-with-ms-develop-before-and-after-diagnosis-a-nationwide-cohort-study-with-a-reference-group
#10
Hanna Gyllensten, Michael Wiberg, Kristina Alexanderson, Jan Hillert, Petter Tinghög
OBJECTIVES: We compared work disability of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) from 5 years before with 5 years after diagnosis, with that of matched controls, and analysed whether progression in work disability among patients with MS was associated with sociodemography. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: The adult Swedish general population. PARTICIPANTS: Residents aged 24-57 diagnosed with MS (n=3685) in 2003-2006 and 18 425 matched controls without MS...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855253/-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-temporary-disability-characteristics-and-duration-catalonia-2007-2010
#11
Ignasi Manent Bistué, José Mª Ramada Rodilla, Consol Serra Pujadas
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are the leading cause of sickness absence (SA) in Spain and the second in Catalonia. A greater knowledge of this field could allow the refocusing of social protection policies and interventions to reduce their frequency and duration. The objective of the study was to describe the characteristics and duration of SA due to MSD in Catalonia between 2007 and 2010. METHODS: The study population included all incident SA episodes due to MSD during the period 2007-2010, registered in the Institut Català d'AvaluacionsMèdiques (ICAM) database...
October 2016: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849581/amyloid-fibrils-from-the-n-terminal-prion-protein-fragment-are-infectious
#12
Jin-Kyu Choi, Ignazio Cali, Krystyna Surewicz, Qingzhong Kong, Pierluigi Gambetti, Witold K Surewicz
Recombinant C-terminally truncated prion protein PrP23-144 (which corresponds to the Y145Stop PrP variant associated with a Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker-like prion disease) spontaneously forms amyloid fibrils with a parallel in-register β-sheet architecture and β-sheet core mapping to residues ∼112-139. Here we report that mice (both tga20 and wild type) inoculated with a murine (moPrP23-144) version of these fibrils develop clinical prion disease with a 100% attack rate. Remarkably, even though fibrils in the inoculum lack the entire C-terminal domain of PrP, brains of clinically sick mice accumulate longer proteinase K-resistant (PrP(res)) fragments of ∼17-32 kDa, similar to those observed in classical scrapie strains...
November 29, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849501/danish-gulf-war-veterans-revisited-no-evidence-of-increased-sickness-absence-or-reduced-labor-market-outcome-after-deployment-to-the-persian-gulf
#13
Lars Ravnborg Nissen, Christian Stoltenberg, Anni B Sternhagen Nielsen, Mia S Vedtofte, Jacob L Marott, Finn Gyntelberg, Bernadette Guldager
OBJECTIVE: To examine the assumption that postdeployment incidence of sickness and other absence from work are higher among Gulf War Veterans compared with nonveterans. METHODS: A prospective registry study including a cohort of 721 Danish Gulf War Veterans and a control cohort of 3,629 nonveterans selected from the general Danish population. Outcome measures were up to 23 years postdeployment incidence of (1) long-term sickness absence and (2) long-term all types of absence from work...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834228/returning-and-staying-connected-to-work-after-long-term-sickness-absence
#14
K S Petersen, M Labriola, C V Nielsen, E Ladekjaer Larsen
BACKGROUND: Returning to work (RTW) after long-term sickness absence is a challenge for convalescent workers, co-workers, managers and organizations. Few studies have investigated the post-return phase after long-term sickness absence. AIMS: To investigate the RTW process as experienced by returning workers, co-workers and managers at an emergency care service and a waste disposal company, exploring various perspectives related to early RTW before full recovery and changes in the returning workers' work positions...
November 7, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832745/the-burden-of-chickenpox-disease-in-sweden
#15
Katarina Widgren, Johan Giesecke, Lars Lindquist, Anders Tegnell
BACKGROUND: Chickenpox vaccine is not included in the routine childhood vaccination programme in Sweden. The aim of this study was to estimate the baseline of national chickenpox disease burden, as comprehensive studies, required for an assessment regarding vaccine introduction, are lacking. METHODS: We used available health care registers and databases; the death register, hospitalisations register, communicable disease notifications database, Stockholm County registers on consultations in specialist and primary care, temporary parental benefit to care for a sick child, and searches on the health care system's website...
November 10, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830962/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-model-for-long-term-sickness-absence-based-on-occupational-health-survey-variables
#16
Corné Roelen, Sannie Thorsen, Martijn Heymans, Jos Twisk, Ute Bültmann, Jakob Bjørner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a prediction model for identifying employees at increased risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA), by using variables commonly measured in occupational health surveys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the literature, 15 predictor variables were retrieved from the DAnish National working Environment Survey (DANES) and included in a model predicting incident LTSA (≥4 consecutive weeks) during 1-year follow-up in a sample of 4000 DANES participants...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829455/effects-of-a-randomized-controlled-intervention-trial-on-return-to-work-and-health-care-utilization-after-long-term-sickness-absence
#17
Anne-Mette H Momsen, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Maj Britt D Nielsen, Birgit Aust, Reiner Rugulies, Chris Jensen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the RCT study was to investigate if the effect of a multidisciplinary intervention on return to work (RTW) and health care utilization differed by participants' self-reported health status at baseline, defined by a) level of somatic symptoms, b) health anxiety and c) self-reported general health. METHODS: A total of 443 individuals were randomized to the intervention (n = 301) or the control group (n = 142) and responded to a questionnaire measuring health status at baseline...
November 9, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825619/sick-of-waiting-does-waiting-for-elective-treatment-cause-sickness-absence
#18
Karin Dyrstad, Thomas Halvorsen, Karl-Gerhard Hem, Tarald Rohde
Sickness absence represents a substantial cost in most of Western Europe, whether the insurance scheme is public or private. The objective of this study was to analyse whether waiting time for elective treatment in specialist health care is associated with the length of individual sickness absence in Norway. To estimate the association between waiting time and the duration of sick leave, we used data from the working population aged 18-67 years in 2010-2012. The files combined register data from The Norwegian Patient Registry with individual characteristics and sickness absence data from Statistics Norway, and was analysed using zero-truncated negative binomial regression...
December 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820794/epidemiological-differences-between-localised-and-non-localised-low-back-pain
#19
David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T Palmer, Vanda E Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H Barrero, Sarah A Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Sergio Vargas-Prada, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, M Masood Kadir, Sudath Sp Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Leila M M Sarquis, Maria H Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V Monroy, Leonardo A Quintana, Marianela Rojas, E Clare Harris, Consol Serra, J Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M Ferrario, Angela C Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L Kelsall, Victor C W Hoe, Donna M Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, Eduardo J Salazar Vega
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with longitudinal follow-up OBJECTIVES.: To test the hypothesis that pain which is localised to the low back differs epidemiologically from that which occurs simultaneously or close in time to pain at other anatomical sites SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Low back pain (LBP) often occurs in combination with other regional pain, with which it shares similar psychological and psychosocial risk factors. However, few previous epidemiological studies of LBP have distinguished pain that is confined to the low back from that which occurs as part of a wider distribution of pain...
November 4, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810889/factors-influencing-improved-attendance-in-the-uk-fire-service
#20
I Litchfield, P Hinckley
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence rates in the UK continue to exceed those in much of the developed world, with an annual cost to employers of £29 billion. Rates of sickness absence in the public sector are higher than those in the private sector, with the exception of the fire service where they are consistently lower. AIMS: To understand the influences that increase attendance among operational firefighters. METHODS: A series of semi-structured interviews undertaken with operational staff to explore their attitudes to sickness absence...
November 3, 2016: Occupational Medicine
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