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Sickness Absence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291729/association-between-improvement-in-cardiovascular-risk-profile-and-changes-in-sickness-absence-results-of-the-icaria-study
#1
Eva Calvo-Bonacho, Carlos Catalina-Romero, Martha Cabrera, Carlos Fernández-Labandera, Miguel Ángel Sánchez Chaparro, Carlos Brotons, Luis Miguel Ruilope
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether changes in cardiovascular risk (CVR) are associated with the length and cost of sickness absence. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 179 186 participants was evaluated. Each participant's CVR (SCORE) was assessed on 2 consecutive medical examinations, approximately 1 year apart (365 ± 90 days). Cardiovascular risk was categorized as < 4% or ≥ 4%, and participants were divided into 4 groups according to changes in their risk between the 2 assessments...
March 10, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290942/increased-postdeployment-use-of-medication-for-common-mental-disorders-in-danish-gulf-war-veterans
#2
Lars Ravnborg Nissen, Christian Stoltenberg, Mia Sadowa Vedtofte, Anni Brit Sternhagen Nielsen, Jacob Louis Marott, Finn Gyntelberg, Bernadette Guldager
BACKGROUND: Gulf War veterans (GWVs) have an elevated risk of reporting symptoms of mental disorders as compared with nondeployed military controls. A difficulty in the Gulf War health research is that most health outcomes are self-reported; therefore, it is highly relevant to study objective outcomes in this line of research. The Danish National Prescription Registry provides an opportunity to use the prescription of drugs as an objective evaluation of the impact of mental health disorders at the individual level...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289676/disability-work-absenteeism-sickness-benefits-and-cancer-in-selected-european-oecd-countries-forecasts-to-2020
#3
Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Christina Malmose-Stapelfeldt, Olivera Milovanovic, Nemanja Rancic, Dubravko Bokonjic
BACKGROUND: Disability either due to illness, aging, or both causes remains an essential contributor shaping European labor markets. Ability of modern day welfare states to compensate an impaired work ability and absenteeism arising from incapacity is very diverse. The aims of this study were to establish and explain intercountry differences among selected European OECD countries and to provide forecasts of future work absenteeism and expenditures on wage replacement benefits. METHODS: Two major public registries, European health for all database and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development database (OECD Health Data), were coupled to form a joint database on 12 core indicators...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255304/hard-physical-work-intensifies-the-occupational-consequence-of-physician-diagnosed-back-disorder-prospective-cohort-study-with-register-follow-up-among-10-000-workers
#4
Emil Sundstrup, Lars Louis Andersen
While musculoskeletal pain is common in the population, less is known about its labor market consequences in relation to physical activity at work. This study investigates whether hard physical work aggravates the consequences of back disorder. Using Cox regression analyses, we estimated the joint association of physical activity at work and physician-diagnosed back disorder in 2010 with the risk of register-based long-term sickness absence (LTSA) of at least 6 consecutive weeks during 2011-2012 among 9,544 employees from the general working population (Danish Work Environment Cohort Study)...
2017: International Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249602/relating-professionalism-and-conscientiousness-to-develop-an-objective-scalar-proxy-measure-of-professionalism-in-anaesthetic-trainees
#5
M A Sawdon, K Whitehouse, G M Finn, J C McLachlan, D Murray
BACKGROUND: The concept of professionalism is complex and subjective and relies on expert judgements. Currently, there are no existing objective measures of professionalism in anaesthesia. However, it is possible that at least some elements of professionalism may be indicated by objective measures. A number of studies have suggested that conscientiousness as a trait is a significant contributor to professionalism. METHODS: A 'Conscientiousness Index' (CI) was developed by collation of routinely collected data from tasks expected to be carried out by anaesthetic trainees such as punctual submission of holiday and 'not-on-call' requests, attendance at audit meetings, timely submission of completed appraisal documentation and sickness/absence notifications...
March 1, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220213/labour-market-marginalisation-subsequent-to-suicide-attempt-in-young-migrants-and-native-swedes
#6
T Niederkrotenthaler, M Wang, M Helgesson, H Wilcox, M Gould, E Mittendorfer-Rutz
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare young individuals who differed in terms of birth region and history of suicide attempt regarding socio-demographic and healthcare factors, and with regard to their risks of subsequent unemployment, sickness absence and disability pension. METHODS: Prospective cohort study based on register linkage of 2,801,558 Swedish residents, aged 16-40 years in 2004, without disability pension and with known birth country, followed up 2005-2011...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214212/primary-multiple-tumor-with-affection-of-the-thyroid-gland-uterus-urinary-bladder-mammary-gland-and-other-organs
#7
А Romaniuk, M Lyndin, V Smiyanov, Vl Sikora, A Rieznik, Y Kuzenko, H Budko, Yu Moskalenko, L Karpenko, Vol Sikora, O Gladchenko
BACKGROUND: Nowadays multiple primary tumor is characterized by growth and development of two or more tumors in one patient. The total world sickness rate ranges from 1% to 37%. The presence of four or more tumors in one patient is rare case and presented as casuistry. CASE PRESENTATION: We showed a case of multiple primary tumor with metahronic lesion of the thyroid, uterus and breast, followed by synchronous benign tumors of the subcutaneous fat, urinary bladder and gallbladder were considered...
January 19, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207074/prediction-of-long-term-and-frequent-sickness-absence-using-company-data
#8
C R L Boot, A van Drongelen, I Wolbers, H Hlobil, A J van der Beek, T Smid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198767/anti-gal-and-anti-neu5gc-responses-in-nonimmunosuppressed-patients-following-treatment-with-rabbit-anti-thymocyte-polyclonal-iggs
#9
Apolline Salama, Gwénaëlle Evanno, Noha Lim, Juliette Rousse, Ludmilla Le Berre, Arnaud Nicot, Sophie Brouard, Kristina M Harris, Mario R Ehlers, Stephen E Gitelman, Jean-Paul Soulillou
BACKGROUND: Polyclonal anti-human thymocyte rabbit IgGs (anti-thymocyte globulin, ATG) are popular immunosuppressive drugs used to prevent or treat organ or bone-marrow allograft rejection, graft versus host disease, and autoimmune diseases. However, animal-derived glycoproteins are also strongly immunogenic and rabbit ATG induces serum sickness disease in almost all patients without additional immunosuppressive drugs, as seen in the START trial of ATG therapy in new-onset type 1 diabetes...
February 14, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197661/-rehabilitation-and-work-participation
#10
Matthias Bethge
Work participation is increasingly seen as a primary outcome of rehabilitation measures. Randomised controlled trials from several different countries and the reviews and meta-analyses based on them show that multidisciplinary rehabilitation programmes improve work participation, return-to-work rates, and reduce sickness absence in patients with back pain, depression, and cancer. In Germany, such programmes were implemented as work-related medical rehabilitation. This intervention targets patients with poor work ability and an increased risk of permanent work disability...
February 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177504/beyond-return-to-work-from-sickness-absence-due-to-mental-disorders-5-year-longitudinal-study-of-employment-status-among-production-workers
#11
Giny Norder, Claartje A van der Ben, Corné A M Roelen, Martijn W Heymans, Jac J L van der Klink, Ute Bültmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175262/pre-pregnancy-mental-distress-and-musculoskeletal-pain-and-sickness-absence-during-pregnancy-a-twin-cohort-study
#12
Karoline B Seglem, Ragnhild Ørstavik, Fartein A Torvik, Line C Gjerde, Espen Røysamb, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Kristian Tambs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167341/positive-welfare-state-dynamics-sickness-benefits-and-sickness-absence-in-europe-1997-2011
#13
Ola Sjöberg
Sickness absence is associated with great costs for individuals, companies and society at large. Influenced by neo-classical economic theory, policy advice has emphasized the role of sickness benefit programs for reducing sickness absence rates: too generous benefits without proper control will increase the number of recipients and prolong absence spells as well as possibly cause negative dynamic effects in the long term. This study provides an alternative interpretation of the relationship between sickness benefits and sickness absence...
January 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162093/evaluating-the-impact-of-targeting-livestock-for-the-prevention-of-human-and-animal-trypanosomiasis-at-village-level-in-districts-newly-affected-with-t-b-rhodesiense-in-uganda
#14
Louise Hamill, Kim Picozzi, Jenna Fyfe, Beatrix von Wissmann, Sally Wastling, Nicola Wardrop, Richard Selby, Christine Amongi Acup, Kevin L Bardosh, Dennis Muhanguzi, John D Kabasa, Charles Waiswa, Susan C Welburn
BACKGROUND: Uganda has suffered from a series of epidemics of Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT), a tsetse transmitted disease, also known as sleeping sickness. The area affected by acute Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense HAT (rHAT) has been expanding, driven by importation of infected cattle into regions previously free of the disease. These regions are also affected by African Animal Trypanosomiasis (AAT) demanding a strategy for integrated disease control. METHODS: In 2008, the Public Private Partnership, Stamp Out Sleeping Sickness (SOS) administered a single dose of trypanocide to 31 486 head of cattle in 29 parishes in Dokolo and Kaberamaido districts...
February 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160812/noise-and-neurotoxic-chemical-exposure-relationship-to-workplace-traumatic-injuries-a-review
#15
Cheryl Fairfield Estill, Carol H Rice, Thais Morata, Amit Bhattacharya
INTRODUCTION: More than 5,000 fatalities and eight million injuries occurred in the workplace in 2007 at a cost of $6 billion and $186 billion, respectively. Neurotoxic chemicals are known to affect central nervous system functions among workers, which include balance and hearing disorders. However, it is not known if there is an association between exposure to noise and solvents and acute injuries. METHOD: A thorough review was conducted of the literature on the relationship between noise or solvent exposures and hearing loss with various health outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152999/a-participatory-supportive-return-to-work-program-for-workers-without-an-employment-contract-sick-listed-due-to-a-common-mental-disorder-an-economic-evaluation-alongside-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Lieke Lammerts, Johanna M van Dongen, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Willem van Mechelen, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are associated with high costs for productivity loss, sickness absence and unemployment. A participatory supportive return to work (RTW) program was developed in order to improve RTW among workers without an employment contract, sick-listed due to a common mental disorder. The program contained a participatory approach, integrated care and direct placement in a competitive job. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of this new program, compared to usual care...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152995/job-demands-and-decision-control-predicted-return-to-work-the-rapid-rtw-cohort-study
#17
Lise Aasen Haveraaen, Lisebet Skeie Skarpaas, Randi Wågø Aas
BACKGROUND: In order to help workers with long-term sickness absence return to work (RTW), it is important to understand factors that either impede or facilitate employee's reintegration into the labour force. The aim of this study was therefore to examine the impact of psychological work characteristics on time-to first RTW in sick listed employees in Norway. METHODS: The study was designed as a cohort study of 543 employees participating in 50 different RTW programmes...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132111/work-characteristics-and-return-to-work-in-long-term-sick-listed-employees-with-depressive-symptoms
#18
Jenny J J M Huijs, Lando L J Koppes, Toon W Taris, Roland W B Blonk
Purpose The present study investigated the relations between work characteristics, depressive symptoms and duration until full return to work (RTW) among long-term sick-listed employees. This knowledge may add to the development of effective interventions and prevention, especially since work characteristics can be subjected to interventions more easily than many disorder-related or personal factors. Methods this prospective cohort study with a two-year follow-up employs a sample of 883 Dutch employees who had been sick-listed for at least 13 weeks at baseline, who filled out three questionnaires: at 19 weeks, 1 and 2 years after the start of sick leave...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128780/perceived-workplace-mistreatment-case-of-latina-hotel-housekeepers
#19
Yu-Chin Jerrie Hsieh, Sevil Sönmez, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Michael Kenneth Lemke
BACKGROUND: Latina hotel housekeepers' social class, gender, race/ethnicity, nationality, and United States immigration status render them particularly vulnerable to workplace mistreatment. OBJECTIVE: We sought to reveal the array of policy- and interpersonal-related mistreatment experienced by Latina hotel housekeepers in the southeastern United States employed at 75 local hotels which included 4-star, 3-star, 2-star, and 1-star properties. METHODS: This ethnographic study involved 27 in-depth interviews with Latina hotel housekeepers...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120361/the-effect-of-the-2009-influenza-pandemic-on-absence-from-work
#20
Fabian Duarte, Srikanth Kadiyala, Samuel H Masters, David Powell
In July 2009, the World Health Organization declared the first flu pandemic in nearly 40 years. Although the health effects of the pandemic have been studied, there is little research examining the labor productivity consequences. Using unique sick leave data from the Chilean private health insurance system, we estimate the effect of the pandemic on missed days of work. We estimate that the pandemic increased mean flu days missed by 0.042 days per person-month during the 2009 peak winter months (June and July), representing an 800% increase in missed days relative to the sample mean...
January 25, 2017: Health Economics
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