keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sickness Absence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430901/synergistic-effect-between-ischaemic-heart-disease-and-common-mental-disorders-and-the-risk-of-premature-exit-from-the-labour-market-a-nationwide-register-based-study-from-sweden
#1
Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Torbjörn Ivert, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner
Aims: Common mental disorders i.e. depressive and anxiety disorders (CMD) are frequent comorbid conditions in individuals with ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Still, their effect on preterm exit from the labour market [i.e. disability pension (DP)] in individuals with IHD has to date not been scrutinized. The aim of this study was to investigate the separate and joint effect of IHD and CMD on the risk of DP for women and men of working age. Material and methods: This population-based cohort study included all non-pensioned 4 823 069 individuals, registered as living in Sweden 31 December 2004 and then 16-64 years of age...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411929/updates-in-decompression-illness
#2
REVIEW
Neal W Pollock, Dominique Buteau
Decompression sickness and arterial gas embolism, collectively known as decompression illness (DCI), are rare but serious afflictions that can result from compressed gas diving exposures. Risk is primarily determined by the pressure-time profile but is influenced by several factors. DCI can present idiosyncratically but with a wide range of neurologic symptoms. Examination is critical for assessment in the absence of diagnostic indicators. Many conditions must be considered in the differential diagnosis. High-fraction oxygen breathing provides first aid but definitive treatment of DCI is hyperbaric oxygen...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403625/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-algorithm-for-the-onset-of-common-mental-disorders-in-a-working-population
#3
Ana Fernandez, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Isabella Choi, Rafael Calvo, Samuel B Harvey, Nicholas Glozier
OBJECTIVE: Common mental disorders are the most common reason for long-term sickness absence in most developed countries. Prediction algorithms for the onset of common mental disorders may help target indicated work-based prevention interventions. We aimed to develop and validate a risk algorithm to predict the onset of common mental disorders at 12 months in a working population. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey, a longitudinal, nationally representative household panel in Australia...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401441/effect-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-sickness-absence-in-persons-with-musculoskeletal-or-mental-health-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Vidar Halsteinli, Nils Fleten, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To assess effects of an inpatient multicomponent occupational rehabilitation program compared to less comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation on sickness absence in persons with musculoskeletal- or mental health disorders. Methods Randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals 18-60 years old on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2, identified in a national register...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399744/research-reveals-link-between-12-hour-shifts-and-sickness-absence
#5
(no author information available yet)
Nurses are more likely to take sick leave if working 12-hour shift patterns, research shows.
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385066/predictive-validity-of-the-work-ability-index-and-its-individual-items-in-the-general-population
#6
Andreas Lundin, Ola Leijon, Marjan Vaez, Mats Hallgren, Margareta Torgén
AIM: This study assesses the predictive ability of the full Work Ability Index (WAI) as well as its individual items in the general population. METHODS: The Work, Health and Retirement Study (WHRS) is a stratified random national sample of 25-75-year-olds living in Sweden in 2000 that received a postal questionnaire ( n = 6637, response rate = 53%). Current and subsequent sickness absence was obtained from registers. The ability of the WAI to predict long-term sickness absence (LTSA; ⩾ 90 consecutive days) during a period of four years was analysed by logistic regression, from which the Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (AUC) was computed...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371921/work-ability-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-a-register-study-on-the-prospective-risk-of-exclusion-and-probability-of-returning-to-work
#7
Sofie M Hansen, Merete Lund Hetland, Jacob Pedersen, Mikkel Østergaard, Tine Steen Rubak, Jakob Bue Bjorner
Objectives.: The aim was to study work ability in patients with RA compared with the general population by investigating the rates and risks of long-term sickness absence, unemployment and disability pension, and the chance of returning to work and the changes in these risks over time (1994-2011). Methods.: This was a cohort study with up to 17 years of follow-up (mean 6.95 years/person) including 6677 RA patients of working age (identified in the nationwide DANBIO registry) and 56 955 matched controls from the general population...
March 28, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370590/normative-data-on-the-diurnal-pattern-of-the-karolinska-sleepiness-scale-ratings-and-its-relation-to-age-sex-work-stress-sleep-quality-and-sickness-absence-illness-in-a-large-sample-of-daytime-workers
#8
Torbjorn Åkerstedt, David Hallvig, Göran Kecklund
Self-rated sleepiness responds to sleep loss, time of day and work schedules. There is, however, a lack of a normative reference showing the diurnal pattern during a normal working day, compared with a day off, as well as differences depending on stress, sleep quality, sex, age and being sick listed. The present study sought to provide such data for the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale. Participants were 431 individuals working in medium-sized public service units. Sleepiness (Karolinska Sleepiness Scale, scale 1-9) was rated at six times a day for a working week and 2 days off (>90...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358173/return-to-work-coordination-programmes-for-improving-return-to-work-in-workers-on-sick-leave
#9
REVIEW
Nicole Vogel, Stefan Schandelmaier, Thomas Zumbrunn, Shanil Ebrahim, Wout El de Boer, Jason W Busse, Regina Kunz
BACKGROUND: To limit long-term sick leave and associated consequences, insurers, healthcare providers and employers provide programmes to facilitate disabled people's return to work. These programmes include a variety of coordinated and individualised interventions. Despite the increasing popularity of such programmes, their benefits remain uncertain. We conducted a systematic review to determine the long-term effectiveness of return-to-work coordination programmes compared to usual practice in workers at risk for long-term disability...
March 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345360/the-effects-of-multimodal-rehabilitation-on-pain-related-sickness-absence-an-observational-study
#10
Hillevi Busch, Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Jan Hagberg, Lennart Bodin, Irene Jensen
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to examine the effects on sickness absence of multimodal rehabilitation delivered within the framework of a national implementation of evidence based rehabilitation, the rehabilitation guarantee for nonspecific musculoskeletal pain. METHOD: This was an observational matched controlled study of all persons receiving multimodal rehabilitation from the last quarter of 2009 until the end of 2010. The matching was based on age, sex, sickness absence the quarter before intervention start and pain-related diagnosis...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343794/sickness-presenteeism-among-health-care-providers-in-an-academic-tertiary-care-center-in-riyadh
#11
Mohammed Al Nuhait, Khaled Al Harbi, Amjad Al Jarboa, Rami Bustami, Shmaylan Alharbi, Abdulkareem Albekairy, Hind Almodaimegh
The term sickness presenteeism (SP) has been described as the act of going to work despite having a state of health that may be regarded as poor enough to justify sick leave. SP has been observed to be prevalent among three-quarters of health care providers (HCPs). Working while sick not only puts patients at risk but also decreases productivity and increases the probability of medical errors. Moreover, SP has been identified as a risk factor for many negative health outcomes among the HCPs themselves, such as depression, burnout, and serious cardiac events...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343465/academic-outcomes-in-individuals-with-childhood-onset-epilepsy-mediating-effects-of-working-memory
#12
Ashley N Danguecan, Mary Lou Smith
OBJECTIVES: Academic difficulties are common in children with epilepsy, although little is known about the effect of various seizure-related and cognitive variables. Given that persistent seizures may negatively impact academics, and that working memory is predictive of academic abilities, we examined the effects of recent seizures and working memory on word reading, spelling, and arithmetic in pediatric epilepsy. We hypothesized that persistent seizures would be associated with lower working memory ability, which would in turn result in poorer academic performance...
March 27, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343440/early-interventions-to-promote-work-participation-in-people-with-regional-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Andy Cochrane, Niamh M Higgins, Oliver FitzGerald, Pamela Gallagher, Jennifer Ashton, Oriel Corcoran, Deirdre Desmond
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of early multidisciplinary interventions in promoting work participation and reducing work absence in adults with regional musculoskeletal pain. DATA SOURCES: Seven databases (CENTRAL, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, OT Seeker, PEDro; 1990 to December 2016) were searched for eligible studies. REVIEW METHODS: Trials were included if they reported on work-based outcomes for participants experiencing difficulties at work or ≤ three months' sick leave...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341910/effectiveness-and-cost-benefit-evaluation-of-a-comprehensive-workers-health-surveillance-program-for-sustainable-employability-of-meat-processing-workers
#14
Berry J van Holland, Michiel F Reneman, Remko Soer, Sandra Brouwer, Michiel R de Boer
Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a comprehensive workers' health surveillance (WHS) program on aspects of sustainable employability and cost-benefit. Methods A cluster randomized stepped wedge trial was performed in a Dutch meat processing company from february 2012 until march 2015. In total 305 workers participated in the trial. Outcomes were retrieved during a WHS program, by multiple questionnaires, and from company registries. Primary outcomes were sickness absence, work ability, and productivity...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339972/factors-associated-with-sickness-absence-among-employees-with-chronic-conditions
#15
L Meng, K T Robinson, M L Smith
Background: The growing prevalence of chronic conditions in the ageing workforce has been shown to have a negative impact in terms of optimal work performance and quality of life. It is therefore important to understand the factors associated with sickness absence due to health problems. Aims: To examine the socio-demographics, health status indicators, barriers to self-care and social support associated with working adults missing work because of chronic conditions...
March 8, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339654/daily-alcohol-consumption-and-sickness-absence-in-the-gazel-cohort
#16
Sophie Morois, Guillaume Airagnes, Cédric Lemogne, Annette Leclerc, Frédéric Limosin, Stephen Goldberg, Eléonore Herquelot, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins
: Previous studies that examined the association between daily alcohol consumption and sickness absences (SA) were mostly retrospective and did not take into account the characteristics of SA.  : A total of 9907 daily drinkers (8442 men and 1465 women) of the GAZEL prospective cohort were included. Daily alcohol consumption over the three previous years was self-reported at baseline and categorized as low, moderate, high or very high risk according to the World Health Organization. Duration of SA (short: ≤7 days; moderate: 8-28; long: >28) was collected from administrative records as well as causes for long SA...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334017/genome-wide-rnai-selection-identifies-a-regulator-of-transmission-stage-enriched-gene-families-and-cell-type-differentiation-in-trypanosoma-brucei
#17
Eva Rico, Alasdair Ivens, Lucy Glover, David Horn, Keith R Matthews
Trypanosoma brucei, causing African sleeping-sickness, exploits quorum-sensing (QS) to generate the 'stumpy forms' necessary for the parasite's transmission to tsetse-flies. These quiescent cells are generated by differentiation in the bloodstream from proliferative slender forms. Using genome-wide RNAi selection we screened for repressors of transmission stage-enriched mRNAs in slender forms, using the stumpy-elevated ESAG9 transcript as a model. This identified REG9.1, whose RNAi-silencing alleviated ESAG9 repression in slender forms and tsetse-midgut procyclic forms...
March 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291729/association-between-improvement-in-cardiovascular-risk-profile-and-changes-in-sickness-absence-results-of-the-icaria-study
#18
Eva Calvo-Bonacho, Carlos Catalina-Romero, Martha Cabrera, Carlos Fernández-Labandera, Miguel Ángel Sánchez Chaparro, Carlos Brotons, Luis Miguel Ruilope
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether changes in cardiovascular risk (CVR) are associated with the length and cost of sickness absence. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 179 186 participants was evaluated. Each participant's CVR (SCORE) was assessed on 2 consecutive medical examinations, approximately 1 year apart (365 ± 90 days). Cardiovascular risk was categorized as < 4% or ≥ 4%, and participants were divided into 4 groups according to changes in their risk between the 2 assessments...
March 10, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290942/increased-postdeployment-use-of-medication-for-common-mental-disorders-in-danish-gulf-war-veterans
#19
Lars Ravnborg Nissen, Christian Stoltenberg, Mia Sadowa Vedtofte, Anni Brit Sternhagen Nielsen, Jacob Louis Marott, Finn Gyntelberg, Bernadette Guldager
BACKGROUND: Gulf War veterans (GWVs) have an elevated risk of reporting symptoms of mental disorders as compared with nondeployed military controls. A difficulty in the Gulf War health research is that most health outcomes are self-reported; therefore, it is highly relevant to study objective outcomes in this line of research. The Danish National Prescription Registry provides an opportunity to use the prescription of drugs as an objective evaluation of the impact of mental health disorders at the individual level...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289676/disability-work-absenteeism-sickness-benefits-and-cancer-in-selected-european-oecd-countries-forecasts-to-2020
#20
Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Christina Malmose-Stapelfeldt, Olivera Milovanovic, Nemanja Rancic, Dubravko Bokonjic
BACKGROUND: Disability either due to illness, aging, or both causes remains an essential contributor shaping European labor markets. Ability of modern day welfare states to compensate an impaired work ability and absenteeism arising from incapacity is very diverse. The aims of this study were to establish and explain intercountry differences among selected European OECD countries and to provide forecasts of future work absenteeism and expenditures on wage replacement benefits. METHODS: Two major public registries, European health for all database and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development database (OECD Health Data), were coupled to form a joint database on 12 core indicators...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
keyword
keyword
24259
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"