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Vestibular rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198681/hearing-and-vestibular-rehabilitation-with-a-focus-on-the-elderly
#1
Edward Fisher, Robin Youngs, Musheer Hussain, Jonathan Fishman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145669/dizziness-approach-to-evaluation-and-management
#2
Herbert L Muncie, Susan M Sirmans, Ernest James
Dizziness is a common yet imprecise symptom. It was traditionally divided into four categories based on the patient's history: vertigo, presyncope, disequilibrium, and light-headedness. However, the distinction between these symptoms is of limited clinical usefulness. Patients have difficulty describing the quality of their symptoms but can more consistently identify the timing and triggers. Episodic vertigo triggered by head motion may be due to benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Vertigo with unilateral hearing loss suggests Meniere disease...
February 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140624/normative-data-for-the-neurocom-sensory-organization-test-in-us-military-special-operations-forces
#3
Erin R Pletcher, Valerie J Williams, John P Abt, Paul M Morgan, Jeffrey J Parr, Meleesa F Wohleber, Mita Lovalekar, Timothy C Sell
CONTEXT:  Postural stability is the ability to control the center of mass in relation to a person's base of support and can be affected by both musculoskeletal injury and traumatic brain injury. The NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test (SOT) can be used to objectively quantify impairments to postural stability. The ability of postural stability to predict injury and be used as an acute injury-evaluation tool makes it essential to the screening and rehabilitation process. To our knowledge, no published normative data of the SOT from a healthy, highly active population are available for use as a reference for clinical decision making...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129508/understanding-therapeutic-approaches-to-anxiety-in-vestibular-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study-of-specialist-physiotherapists-in-the-uk
#4
Andrew Walker, Xenya Kantaris, Mary Chambers
PURPOSE: People with vestibular disorders are typically treated by physiotherapists in vestibular rehabilitation. Anxiety is strongly associated with vestibular disorders; however, there is a lack of understanding about how physiotherapists respond to people presenting with anxiety within vestibular rehabilitation. This study aimed to explore physiotherapists' current practice in assessing and treating patients with anxiety in vestibular rehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with 10 specialist physiotherapists in vestibular rehabilitation in three university teaching hospitals in England...
January 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120638/cochlear-implantation-in-patients-with-enlarged-vestibular-aqueduct-a-case-series-with-literature-review
#5
Pedro Clarós, Jean Valentin F Fokouo, Andrés Clarós
OBJECTIVES: To report our institutional experience of the management of patients with enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA) and compare it to the literature. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of patients' records from 1993 to 2015. The age, sex, associated malformations, relevant past medical history, genetic screening results, possible surgical incident, implant model and duration of follow- up, outcome in terms of Categories of Auditory Performance (CAP scores), and integration or resuming mainstream school or work were recorded...
January 25, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116456/postoperative-imaging-of-the-internal-auditory-canal-visualization-of-active-auditory-implants
#6
I Todt, G Rademacher, P Mittmann, S Mutze, A Ernst
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the internal auditory canal (IAC) and cochlea is of central importance in neurotology. The artefacts and visibility of active auditory implants on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) vary because of their specific magnetic components. Knowledge of the size of MRI artefacts and the options for handling them is important for the auditory rehabilitation of specific diseases (e. g., vestibular schwannoma). METHODS: The current article is a literature review...
January 23, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112027/the-effect-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#7
Babette F van Esch, Ellis S van der Scheer-Horst, Hester J van der Zaag-Loonen, Tjasse D Bruintjes, Peter Paul G van Benthem
Objective To systematically review the evidence on the effect of vestibular rehabilitation in patients with Ménière's disease (MD) on balance and dizziness-related quality of life. Data Sources A literature search was conducted in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases. Review Methods Articles were reviewed by 2 independent authors and data were compiled in tables for analysis regarding balance (ie, posturography) and dizziness-specific quality of life in patients with MD...
November 1, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110290/guided-and-unguided-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-versus-usual-care-for-dizzy-adults-of-50%C3%A2-years-and-older-a-protocol-for-a-three-armed-randomised-trial
#8
Vincent A van Vugt, Johannes C van der Wouden, Judith E Bosmans, Martin Smalbrugge, Willianne van Diest, Rosie Essery, Lucy Yardley, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
INTRODUCTION: Dizziness is a common symptom in general practice with a high prevalence among older adults. The most common cause of dizziness in general practice is peripheral vestibular disease. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a safe and effective treatment for peripheral vestibular disease that entails specific exercises to maximise the central nervous system compensation for the effects of vestibular pathology. An internet-based VR intervention has recently been shown to be safe and effective...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108789/-surgical-indications-and-complications-management-in-vestibular-schwannoma
#9
S Rosahl, D Eßer
BACKGROUND: Recent surgical treatment concepts for patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) require an interdisciplinary approach as well as recognition and mastering of complications. OBJECTIVE: This paper provides an overview of indications, as well as possible options for function preservation and management of complications in the surgical resection of these tumors. METHODS: Up-to-date treatment concepts and surgical indications were differentiated according to size and extent of tumors...
January 20, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088930/adherence-of-older-people-with-instability-in-vestibular-rehabilitation-programmes-prediction-criteria
#10
A Soto-Varela, A Faraldo-García, M Del-Río-Valeiras, M Rossi-Izquierdo, I Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, P Gayoso-Diz, A Lirola-Delgado, S Santos-Pérez
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether demographic characteristics or balance examination findings can predict the adherence of older people with instability to a vestibular rehabilitation programme. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was conducted of 120 patients aged 65 years or more (mean age, 77.3 ± 6.33 years). Two groups were classified according to patients' adherence with the follow-up post-rehabilitation protocol. Analysed variables included: age, sex, body mass index, Timed Up and Go test findings, computerised dynamic posturography, Dizziness Handicap Inventory scores and Short Falls Efficacy Scale - International questionnaire results, number of falls, and type of vestibular rehabilitation...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049117/rare-cause-of-bilateral-sudden-deafness
#11
F I Vos, P Merkus, E B J van Nieuwkerk, E F Hensen
In this paper, we describe the case of a 62-year-old female with recurring episodes of sudden deafness with vertigo and facial paresis. Within a month's time, this resulted in bilateral deafness and vestibular areflexia. Erroneously, the patient was diagnosed with sudden deafness of unknown origin and subsequently with neuroborreliosis (Lyme disease). The true diagnosis of relapsing polychondritis (RP) was revealed 9 months after initial presentation. The diagnostic delay is in part explained by the fact that, by definition, the disease has to relapse before the diagnosis can be made, but also by its pluriform clinical presentation...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007042/the-value-of-close-monitoring-in-vestibular-rehabilitation-therapy
#12
M Itani, Y Koaik, A Sabri
BACKGROUND: Vestibular rehabilitation therapy is a well-established treatment modality for patients with vestibular problems. HYPOTHESIS: Performing vestibular rehabilitation therapy in a closely monitored setting may result in a better outcome than a home exercise programme. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of patients undergoing vestibular rehabilitation therapy between June 2005 and November 2012 in a tertiary university hospital...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002135/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#13
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002123/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#14
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987520/-dental-implantation-and-soft-tissue-augmentation-after-ridge-preservation-in-a-molar-site-a-case-report
#15
L P Zhao, Y L Zhan, W J Hu, H J Wang, Y P Wei, M Zhen, T Xu, Y S Liu
For ideal implant rehabilitation, an adequate bone volume, optical implant position, and stable and healthy soft tissue are required. The reduction of alveolar bone and changes in its morphology subsequent to tooth extraction will result in insufficient amount of bone and adversely affect the ability to optimally place dental implants in edentulous sites. Preservation of alveolar bone volume through ridge preservation has been demonstrated to reduce the vertical and horizontal contraction of the alveolar bone crest after tooth extraction and reduce the need for additional bone augmentation procedures during implant placement...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984359/analysis-of-factors-affecting-the-outcomes-of-in-hospitalized-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-intractable-dizziness
#16
Fumiyuki Goto, Kyoko Nomura, Fumiaki Taka, Miki Arai, Nagisa Sugaya
OBJECTIVE: To analyze somatic and psychological factors affecting the outcomes of in-hospital vestibular rehabilitation in patients with intractable dizziness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 138 patients with persistent dizziness caused by peripheral vestibular dysfunction. They were hospitalized and taught to conduct a vestibular rehabilitation program for 30 minutes by themselves three times a day over 5 days. They were then instructed to continue performing the program every day after discharge...
March 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938621/-chronic-subjective-dizziness
#17
Y Lin, J L Wang, J H Qiu, D J Zha
Chronic subjective dizziness(CSD) was defined as persistent nonvertiginous dizziness or subjective unsteadiness. Patients are hypersensitivity to motion stimuli, such as head movement and motion of objects in the visual surrounding, and have difficulty with precise visual tasks. The concept of CSD was first proposed by Staab and Ruckenstein, which indicates relationships between chronic dizziness and acute vestibular or psychiatric disorders, including neuro-otologic type, psychiatric type or interactive type...
November 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921114/-postoperative-imaging-of-the-internal-auditory-canal-visualization-of-active-auditory-implants-german-version
#18
I Todt, G Rademacher, P Mittmann, S Mutze, A Ernst
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the internal auditory canal (IAC) and the cochlea is of central importance in neurotology. The artefacts and visibility of the different types of active auditory implants in MRI vary, due to their specific ferromagnetic components. Knowledge of the size of MRI artefacts and the options for handling these is important for the auditory rehabilitation of specific diseases (e. g., vestibular schwannoma). METHODS: The current paper is a literature review RESULTS: MRI assessment of the IAC and cochlea after surgical placement of an active auditory implant is feasible only with a percutaneous bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA, Ponto)...
December 5, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920669/the-neurovestibular-challenges-of-astronauts-and-balance-patients-some-past-countermeasures-and-two-alternative-approaches-to-elicitation-assessment-and-mitigation
#19
REVIEW
Ben D Lawson, Angus H Rupert, Braden J McGrath
Astronauts and vestibular patients face analogous challenges to orientation function due to adaptive exogenous (weightlessness-induced) or endogenous (pathology-induced) alterations in the processing of acceleration stimuli. Given some neurovestibular similarities between these challenges, both affected groups may benefit from shared research approaches and adaptation measurement/improvement strategies. This article reviews various past strategies and introduces two plausible ground-based approaches, the first of which is a method for eliciting and assessing vestibular adaptation-induced imbalance...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915363/outcomes-following-a-vestibular-rehabilitation-and-aerobic-training-program-to-address-persistent-post-concussion-symptoms
#20
Brian M Moore, Joseph T Adams, Edward Barakatt
PURPOSE: To describe changes in adults with persistent symptoms and disability following a concussion after completing a supervised home exercise vestibular rehabilitation (VR) program combined with aerobic training. METHOD: Participants included 14 consecutive individuals referred for VR within the context of a comprehensive concussion center. Outcome measures were administered at initial evaluation, 3 mos, and 6 mos. Outcome measures included: Rivermead Post-Concussion Questionnaire symptom (RPQ-3) and function (RPQ-13) subcategories, Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), functional gait assessment (FGA), return to work/study (RTW), and return to activity (RTA)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
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