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Vestibular rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623390/disturbed-cervical-proprioception-affects-perception-of-spatial-orientation-while-in-motion
#1
Eva-Maj Malmström, Per-Anders Fransson, Terese Jaxmar Bruinen, Semir Facic, Fredrik Tjernström
The proprioceptive, visual and vestibular sensory systems interact to maintain dynamic stability during movement. The relative importance and interplay between these sensory systems is still not fully understood. Increased knowledge about spatial perception and postural orientation would provide better understanding of balance disorders, and their rehabilitation. Displacement of the body in space was recorded in 16 healthy subjects performing a sequence of stepping-in-place tests without any visual or auditory cues...
June 17, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622488/dizziness-unsteadiness-visual-disturbances-and-sensorimotor-control-in-traumatic-neck-pain
#2
Julia Treleaven
Synopsis There is considerable evidence to support the importance of cervical afferent dysfunction in the development of dizziness, unsteadiness, visual disturbances and altered balance, eye, and head movement control following neck trauma, especially in those with persistent symptoms. However, there are other possible causes for these symptoms and secondary adaptive changes should also be considered in the process of differential diagnosis. Understanding the nature of these symptoms and the differential diagnosis of their potential origin is important for rehabilitation...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617375/-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#3
R G Esin, I Kh Khairullin, E R Mukhametova, O R Esin
AIM: To study persistent postural perceptual dizziness (PPPD) in outpatients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and patients with presbiataxia (PAt). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-four patients with PPPD, including 14 with Meniere's disease (MD), 19 with BPPV, 17 with a history of ischemic stroke (IS) in the vertebrobasilar system and 34 with Pat, were examined. For the diagnosis of anxiety, the original 15-point questionnaire with the Likert Scale structure was used...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614234/motion-based-equilibrium-reprocessing-therapy-a-novel-treatment-method-for-chronic-peripheral-vestibulopathies-a-pilot-study
#4
Mirke S Hondebrink, Agali Mert, Roos van der Lint, J Alexander de Ru, Peter van der Wurff
Rehabilitation for vestibular disease is a safe method to partially alleviate symptoms of vertigo. It was hypothesized that principles of military aviation vestibular desensitization procedures that have a success rate of more than 80% can be extrapolated to chronic vestibular disease as well.The virtual reality motion base computer-assisted rehabilitation environment was used as treatment modality in 17 patients. They were exposed to sinusoidal vertical passive whole body motion in increasing intensity for a maximum of 12 sessions...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607900/impaired-vestibular-function-after-cochlear-implantation-in-children-role-of-static-posturography
#5
Satish Nair, Atul Gupta, Ajith Nilakantan, Ruchika Mittal, Ruchi Dahiya, Sachin Saini, Rachana Prasad, Deepika Vajpayee
To identify vestibular dysfunction in children after cochlear implant surgery and to study the utility of static posturography in evaluating vestibular function in children. A prospective study was carried out on 25 children between 2 and 7 years of age with sensorineural hearing loss with no overt vestibular dysfunction. All children underwent static posturography using Synapsis Posturographic System (SPS) software (Version 3.0, REV C) using a static platform with foam. The centre of pressure (COP) shift was recorded as statokinesiogram on the software and the mean vestibular, visual and somesthetic scores were obtained...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602150/translabyrinthine-vestibular-schwannoma-resection-with-simultaneous-cochlear-implantation
#6
Austin N DeHart, William C Broaddus, Daniel H Coelho
OBJECTIVES: (1) Report a rare case of translabyrinthine resection of a sporadic vestibular schwannoma (VS) and concurrent cochlear implantation (CI). (2) Discuss pre-, intra-, and post-operative considerations in this unique patient population. (3) Describe surgical and audiologic outcomes reported in this population. METHODS: Case report and review of the literature. PubMed search 'Cochlear Implantation'[Mesh] AND ('Neuroma, Acoustic'[Mesh] OR 'VESTIBULAR SCHWANNOMA'[All Fields] OR 'SCHWANNOMA'[All Fields]) limited to humans and English language...
June 12, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598949/subjective-visual-vertical-in-idiopathic-bilateral-vestibular-hypofunction-enhanced-role-of-vision-neck-and-body-proprioception
#7
Michel Toupet, Christian Van Nechel, Charlotte Hautefort, Ulla Duquesne, Sylvie Heuschen, Alexis Bozorg Grayeli
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to study the participation of proprioceptive and visual inputs in subjective visual vertical (SVV) in bilateral vestibular hypofunction and in normal subjects. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SVV (six replicates) was measured on a tiltable rehabilitation seat in 26 adult patients with idiopathic bilateral vestibular hypofunction (IBVH) and 33 adult controls...
June 8, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593438/eye-movements-are-correctly-timed-during-walking-despite-bilateral-vestibular-hypofunction
#8
Eric R Anson, Tim Kiemel, John P Carey, John J Jeka
Individuals with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH) often report symptoms of oscillopsia (the perception that the world is bouncing or unstable) during walking. Efference copy/proprioception contributes to locomotion gaze stability in animals, sometimes inhibiting the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). Gaze stability requires both adequate eye velocity and appropriate timing of eye movements. It is unknown whether eye velocity (VOR gain), timing (phase), or both are impaired for individuals with BVH during walking...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562427/effects-of-saccular-function-on-recovery-of-subjective-dizziness-after-vestibular-rehabilitation
#9
Junhui Jeong, Jinsei Jung, Jeon Mi Lee, Michelle J Suh, Sang Hyun Kwak, Sung Huhn Kim
OBJECTIVE: We attempted to investigate whether the integrity of saccular function influences the severity of subjective dizziness after vestibular rehabilitation in vestibular neuritis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Forty-six patients with acute unilateral vestibular neuritis were included. INTERVENTIONS: Diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative...
May 29, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562425/rotational-and-collic-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential-testing-in-normal-developing-children-and-children-with-combined-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Younes Lotfi, Nima Rezazadeh, Abdollah Moossavi, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Reza Rostami, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Faride Badfar, Sedigheh Farokhi Moghadam, Vahid Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, Yousef Khodabandelou
OBJECTIVES: Vestibular dysfunction in childhood can have a major effect on a child's developmental process. Balance function has been reported to be poorer in children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than in their typically developing peers. Due to contradictory available evidence and the paucity of research on vestibular function specifically in children with combined ADHD (cADHD), we designed this aged-matched study to assess vestibular function in children with cADHD...
May 26, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552920/an-alternative-3d-numerical-method-to-study-the-biomechanical-behaviour-of-the-human-inner-ear-semicircular-canal
#11
Carla F Santos, Jorge Belinha, Fernanda Gentil, Marco Parente, Renato N Jorge
PURPOSE: The vestibular system is the part of the inner ear responsible for balance. Vertigo and dizziness are generally caused by vestibular disorders and are very common symptoms in people over 60 years old. One of the most efficient treatments at the moment is vestibular rehabilitation, permitting to improve the symptoms. However, this rehabilitation therapy is a highly empirical process, which needs to be enhanced and better understood. METHODS: This work studies the vestibular system using an alternative computational approach...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543184/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-measures-associated-with-vestibular-dysfunction
#12
REVIEW
Vicky M Stewart, M Dilani Mendis, Nancy Low Choy
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Use of clinical questionnaires to assist in the screening of vestibular disorders in the acute hospital setting is needed. The objective is to detail the clinimetric properties and clinical utility of patient-reported questionnaires for quantifying dizziness/vertigo symptoms associated with vestibular dysfunction, and to determine validity and utility for screening dizziness/vertigo in the emergency department. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic review of PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and Web of Science in May 2015...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543062/an-adaptive-vestibular-rehabilitation-technique
#13
Benjamin T Crane, Michael C Schubert
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There is a large variation in vestibular rehabilitation (VR) results depending on type of therapy, adherence, and the appropriateness for the patient's level of function. A novel adaptive vestibular rehabilitation (AVR) program was developed and evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: Technology and procedure development, and prospective multicenter trial. METHODS: Those with complete unilateral vestibular hypofunction and symptomatic at least 3 months with a Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) >30 were eligible...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542112/effects-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-on-gait-performance-in-poststroke-patients-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Tsubasa Mitsutake, Maiko Sakamoto, Kozo Ueta, Shinichiro Oka, Etsuo Horikawa
The effects of vestibular rehabilitation on poststroke patients are unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether or not vestibular rehabilitation would improve both the vestibulo-ocular reflex and gait performance of patients with poststroke hemiparesis. Twenty-eight patients with stroke were assigned randomly to either an experimental group (N=14) or a control group (N=14). The experimental group performed the conventional physical therapy for 40 min and vestibular rehabilitation for 20 min, as a 60 min session, during the first 3 weeks and then completed only the conventional intervention for 60 min for the following 3 weeks...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537687/the-effect-of-optimizing-eabr-parameters-in-artificial-cochlear-implantation-for-auditory-rehabilitation
#15
H-L Yang, Z Liu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to observe the relationship between V extraction rate and threshold value of electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (EABR) waves in artificial cochlear implantation, in order to optimize EABR parameters for improving auditory rehabilitation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients without residual hearing and treated with artificial cochlear implants were selected. The experimental group included 17 cases with normal cochlear morphology, four with large vestibular aqueduct syndrome (LVAS), six with Mondini malformation, and three with internal auditory canal stenosis...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530516/effectiveness-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-therapy-for-treatment-of-concussed-adolescents-with-persistent-symptoms-of-dizziness-and-imbalance
#16
Kyoungyoun Anne Park, Thomas Ksiazek, Bernadette Olson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516967/body-worn-triaxial-accelerometer-coherence-and-reliability-related-to-static-posturography-in-unilateral-vestibular-failure
#17
M Alessandrini, A Micarelli, A Viziano, I Pavone, G Costantini, D Casali, F Paolizzo, G Saggio
Since changes in vestibular function may be one cause of disequilibrium, major advances in measuring postural control and sensory integration in vestibular impairments have been achieved by using posturography. However, in order to overcome problems related to this type of technology, body-worn accelerometers (ACC) have been proposed as a portable, low-cost alternative to posturography for measurements of postural sway in a friendly and ecologic environment. Due to the fact that no study to date has shown the experimental validity of ACC-based measures of body sway with respect to posturography for subjects with vestibular deficits, the aim of the present study was: i) to develop and validate a practical tool that can allow clinicians to measure postural sway derangements in an otoneurological setting by ACC, and ii) to provide reliable, sensitive and accurate automatic analysis of sway that could help in discriminating unilateral vestibular failure (UVF) patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485653/vestibular-rehabilitation-in-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-reality-or-fiction
#18
Federica Bressi, Paola Vella, Manuele Casale, Antonio Moffa, Lorenzo Sabatino, Michele Antonio Lopez, Francesco Carinci, Rocco Papalia, Fabrizio Salvinelli, Silvia Sterzi
The objective of this article is to systematically review the evidence on the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation (VR) in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Relevant published studies about VR in BPPV were searched in PubMed, Google Scholar and Ovid using various keywords. We included trials that were available in the English language and did not apply publication year or publication status restrictions. Studies based on the VR in other peripheral and/or central balance disorders are excluded...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483908/internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-for-chronic-dizziness
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483885/internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-for-older-adults-with-chronic-dizziness-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#20
Adam W A Geraghty, Rosie Essery, Sarah Kirby, Beth Stuart, David Turner, Paul Little, Adolfo Bronstein, Gerhard Andersson, Per Carlbring, Lucy Yardley
PURPOSE: Vestibular rehabilitation is an effective intervention for dizziness due to vestibular dysfunction, but is seldom provided. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of an Internet-based vestibular rehabilitation program for older adults experiencing dizziness in primary care. METHODS: We undertook a single-center, single-blind randomized controlled trial comparing an Internet-based vestibular rehabilitation intervention (Balance Retraining, freely available from https://balance...
May 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
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