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Aerobic exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471132/high-intensity-body-weight-training-is-comparable-to-combined-training-in-changes-in-muscle-mass-physical-performance-inflammatory-markers-and-metabolic-health-in-postmenopausal-women-at-high-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-clinical
#1
Fernanda Maria Martins, Aletéia de Paula Souza, Paulo Ricardo Prado Nunes, Márcia Antoniazi Michelin, Eddie Fernando Candido Murta, Elisabete Aparecida Mantovani Rodrigues Resende, Erick Prado de Oliveira, Fábio Lera Orsatti
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the effects of 12 weeks of high-intensity interval body weight training (HIBWT) with combined training (COMT; aerobic and resistance exercises on body composition, a 6-minute walk test (6MWT; physical performance), insulin resistance (IR) and inflammatory markers in postmenopausal women (PW) at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (TDM2). METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical study, 16 PW at high risk of TDM2 were randomly allocated into two groups: HIBWT (n = 8) and COMT (n = 8)...
February 19, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471131/aerobic-and-strength-training-induce-changes-in-oxidative-stress-parameters-and-elicit-modifications-of-various-cellular-components-in-skeletal-muscle-of-aged-rats
#2
Thais Ceresér Vilela, Pauline Souza Effting, Giulia Dos Santos Pedroso, Hemelin Farias, Lara Paganini, Helen Sorato Rebelo, Renata Tiescoski Nesi, Vanessa Moraes de Andrade, Ricardo Aurino de Pinho
Skeletal muscle aging is associated with loss of mass, function, and strength-a condition known as sarcopenia. It has been reported that sarcopenia can be attenuated by physical exercise. Therefore, we investigated whether 2 different physical exercise protocols could modulate and induce changes in oxidative and inflammatory parameters, as well as in BDNF and DNA repair enzyme levels in skeletal muscle tissue of aged rats. Aging Wistar rats performed treadmill or strength training for 50 min 3 to 4 times a week for 8 weeks...
February 19, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470804/effects-of-physical-exercise-on-breast-cancer-related-secondary-lymphedema-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
F T Baumann, A Reike, V Reimer, M Schumann, M Hallek, D R Taaffe, R U Newton, D A Galvao
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review is to assess the effect of different types of exercise on breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) in order to elucidate the role of exercise in this patient group. METHODS: A systematic data search was performed using PubMed (December 2016). The review is focused on the rehabilitative aspect of BCRL and undertaken according to the PRISMA statement with Levels of Evidence (LoE) assessed. RESULTS: 11 randomized controlled trials (9 with LoE 1a and 2 with LoE 1b) that included 458 women with breast cancer in aftercare were included...
February 22, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470705/the-effects-of-high-dose-calcitriol-and-individualized-exercise-on-bone-metabolism-in-breast-cancer-survivors-on-hormonal-therapy-a-phase-ii-feasibility-trial
#4
Luke J Peppone, Marilyn Ling, Alissa J Huston, Mary E Reid, Michelle C Janelsins, J Edward Puzas, Charles Kamen, Auro Del Giglio, Matthew Asare, Anita R Peoples, Karen M Mustian
INTRODUCTION: Cancer treatment-induced bone loss (CTIBL) is a long-term side effect of breast cancer therapy. Both calcitriol and weight-bearing exercise improve bone metabolism for osteoporotic patients, but are unproven in a breast cancer population. We used a novel high-dose calcitriol regimen with an individualized exercise intervention to improve bone metabolism in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: We accrued 41 subjects to this open label, 2 × 2 factorial, randomized feasibility trial...
February 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469995/hypobaric-live-high-train-low-does-not-improve-aerobic-performance-more-than-live-low-train-low-in-cross-country-skiers
#5
Paul Robach, Joar Hansen, Aurélien Pichon, Anne-Kristine Meinild Lundby, Sune Dandanell, Gunnar Slettaløkken Falch, Daniel Hammarström, Dominik H Pesta, Christoph Siebenmann, Stefanie Keiser, Patricia Kérivel, Jon Elling Whist, Bent R Rønnestad, Carsten Lundby
Live high - train low (LHTL) using hypobaric hypoxia was previously found to improve sea-level endurance performance in well-trained individuals, however confirmatory controlled data in athletes are lacking. Here we test the hypothesis that natural-altitude LHTL improves aerobic performance in cross-country skiers, in conjunction with expansion of total hemoglobin mass (Hbmass , carbon-monoxide rebreathing technique) promoted by accelerated erythropoiesis. Following duplicate baseline measurements at sea level over the course of two weeks, nineteen Norwegian cross-country skiers (three women, sixteen men, age 20±2 yr, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) 69±5 ml...
February 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468933/endocrinology-and-pediatric-exercise-science-the-year-that-was-2017
#6
Alon Eliakim
The Pediatric Exercise Science "Year That Was" section aims to highlight the most important (to the author's opinion) manuscripts that were published in 2017 in the field of endocrinology and pediatric exercise science. This year's selection includes studies showing that 1) in pubertal swimmers, there is a decrease in insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) during intense training (a catabolic-type hormonal response) with an anabolic "rebound" characterized by a significant increase of these growth factors during training tapering down...
February 22, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468917/the-acute-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-cognitive-flexibility-and-task-related-heart-rate-variability-in-children-with-adhd-and-healthy-controls
#7
Sebastian Ludyga, Markus Gerber, Manuel Mücke, Serge Brand, Peter Weber, Mark Brotzmann, Uwe Pühse
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cognitive flexibility and task-related heart rate variability following moderately intense aerobic exercise and after watching a video in both children with ADHD and healthy controls. METHOD: Using a cross-over design, participants completed cognitive assessments following exercise and a physically inactive control condition. Behavioral performance was assessed using the Alternate Uses task. Heart rate variability was recorded via electrocardiography during the cognitive task...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468132/does-low-volume-high-intensity-interval-training-elicit-superior-benefits-to-continuous-low-to-moderate-intensity-training-in-cancer-survivors
#8
Kellie Toohey, Kate Pumpa, Andrew McKune, Julie Cooke, Katrina D DuBose, Desmond Yip, Paul Craft, Stuart Semple
AIM: To determine the impact of low volume high-intensity interval training (LVHIIT) and continuous low to moderate-intensity exercise training (CLMIT) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and health outcomes in cancer survivors. METHODS: Sedentary cancer survivors ( n = 75, aged 51 ± 12 year) within 24 months of diagnosis, were randomised into three groups for 12 wk of LVHIIT ( n = 25), CLMIT ( n = 25) or control group ( n = 25). The exercise intervention involved 36 sessions (three sessions per week)...
February 10, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468085/feasibility-of-a-combined-aerobic-and-cognitive-training-intervention-on-cognitive-function-in-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-investigation
#9
Brent M Peterson, Cynthia Johnson, Kaylene R Case, Daniel Y K Shackelford, Jessica M Brown, Trent L Lalonde, Reid Hayward
Background: Cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) may negatively affect upwards of 75% of cancer patients. Exercise and cognitive training, independently, may increase functional capacity and aspects of cognitive function. Yet, combined training protocols have not been evaluated in cancer survivor populations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of a quasi-randomized, controlled, exploratory, repeated-measures aerobic and cognitive training intervention on cognitive function in participants undergoing treatment for cancer ( N  = 28)...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467664/peak-velocity-as-an-alternative-method-for-training-prescription-in-mice
#10
Caroline de Carvalho Picoli, Paulo Vitor da Silva Romero, Gustavo R Gilio, Débora A Guariglia, Laize P Tófolo, Solange M F de Moraes, Fabiana A Machado, Sidney B Peres
Purpose: To compare the efficiency of an aerobic physical training program prescribed according to either velocity associated with maximum oxygen uptake (vVO2max ) or peak running speed obtained during an incremental treadmill test (Vpeak_K ) in mice. Methods: Twenty male Swiss mice, 60 days old, were randomly divided into two groups with 10 animals each: 1. group trained by vVO2max (GVO2 ), 2. group trained by Vpeak_K (GVP). After the adaptation training period, an incremental test was performed at the beginning of each week to adjust training load and to determine the amount of VO2 and VCO2 fluxes consumed, energy expenditure (EE) and run distance during the incremental test...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466489/moderate-continuous-aerobic-exercise-training-improves-cardiomyocyte-contractility-in-%C3%AE-1-adrenergic-receptor-knockout-mice
#11
Aurora Corrêa Rodrigues, Antônio José Natali, Daise Nunes Queiroz da Cunha, Alexandre Jayme Lopes Dantas Costa, Anselmo Gomes de Moura, Miguel Araújo Carneiro-Júnior, Leonardo Bonato Félix, Patrícia Chakur Brum, Thales Nicolau Prímola-Gomes
BACKGROUND: The lack of cardiac β1-adrenergic receptors (β1-AR) negatively affects the regulation of both cardiac inotropy and lusitropy, leading, in the long term, to heart failure (HF). Moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (MCAE) is recommended as an adjunctive therapy for patients with HF. OBJECTIVE: We tested the effects of MCAE on the contractile properties of left ventricular (LV) myocytes from β1 adrenergic receptor knockout (β1ARKO) mice. METHODS: Four- to five-month-old male wild type (WT) and β1ARKO mice were divided into groups: WT control (WTc) and trained (WTt); and β1ARKO control (β1ARKOc) and trained (β1ARKOt)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466487/high-intensity-interval-training-in-heart-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
Raphael José Perrier-Melo, Fernando Augusto Marinho Dos Santos Figueira, Guilherme Veiga Guimarães, Manoel da Cunha Costa
Heart transplantation (HTx) is considered an efficient and gold-standard procedure for patients with end-stage heart failure. After surgery, patients have lower aerobic power (VO2max) and compensatory hemodynamic responses. The aim of the present study was to assess through a systematic review with meta-analysis whether high-intensity interval training (HIIT) can provide benefits for those parameters. This is a systematic review with meta-analysis, which searched the databases and data portals PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct and Wiley until December 2016 (pairs)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466277/optimizing-a-treadmill-ramp-protocol-to-evaluate-aerobic-capacity-of-hemiparetic-poststroke-patients
#13
Wendell L Bernardes, Rafael A Montenegro, Walace D Monteiro, Raul de Almeida Freire, Renato Massaferri, Paulo Farinatti
Bernardes, WL, Montenegro, RA, Monteiro, WD, de Almeida Freire, R, Massaferri, R, and Farinatti, P. Optimizing a treadmill ramp protocol to evaluate aerobic capacity of hemiparetic poststroke patients. J Strength Cond Res 32(3): 876-884, 2018-A correct assessment of cardiopulmonary capacity is important for aerobic training within motor rehabilitation of poststroke hemiparetic patients (PSHPs). However, specific cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) for these patients are scarce. We proposed adaptations in a protocol originally developed for PSHPs by Ovando et al...
March 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466071/dynamics-of-the-metabolic-response-during-a-competitive-100-m-freestyle-in-elite-male-swimmers
#14
Philippe Hellard, Robin Pla, Ferran A Rodríguez, David Simbana, David B Pyne
PURPOSE: To compare the dynamics of V̇O2 , blood lactate ([La]b ), total energy expenditure (Etot ), and contributions of the aerobic (Eaer ), alactic anaerobic (Ean,al ) and lactic anaerobic (Ean,lac ) metabolic energy pathways over four consecutive 25-m laps (L0-25 , L25-50 , L50-75 , L75-100 ) of a 100-m maximal freestyle swim. METHODS: Elite swimmers comprising 26 juniors (16 ± 1 y) and 23 seniors (24 ± 5 y) performed 100 m at maximal speed, and then three trials (25, 50 and 75 m) at the same pace as that of the 100 m...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465583/-living-high-training-low-improved-weight-loss-and-glucagon-like-peptide-1-level-in-a-4-week-weight-loss-program-in-adolescents-with-obesity-a-pilot-study
#15
Qin Yang, Guoyuan Huang, Qianqian Tian, Wei Liu, Xiangdong Sun, Na Li, Shunli Sun, Tang Zhou, Nana Wu, Yuqin Wei, Peijie Chen, Ru Wang
BACKGROUND: "Living High-Training Low" (LHTL) is effective for the improvement of athletic ability; however, little is known about the effect of LHTL on obese individuals. The present study determined whether LHTL would have favorable influence on body composition, rebalance the appetite hormones, and explore the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Adolescents with obesity [body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m] were randomly assigned to "Living Low-Training Low" (LLTL, n = 19) group that slept in a normobaric normoxia condition and the LHTL (n = 16) group slept in a normobaric hypoxia room (14...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465559/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-community-based-study
#16
Yong Zhang, HongXia Cao, Pin Jiang, HaiQin Tang
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the leading causes of death and physical disability worldwide. However, the development of community- based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in AMI patients is hysteretic. Here, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of CR applied in the community in AMI patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 130 ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients after PCI were randomly divided into 2 groups in the community, rehabilitation group (n = 65) and control group (n = 65)...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465549/cardiorespiratory-parameters-and-glycated-hemoglobin-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-after-a-rehabilitation-program
#17
Natália da Silva Freitas Marques, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Bárbara Vieira Dos Santos, Cândido Ferreira Rodrigues Neto, José Rener Cordeiro da Silva, Karine Ketlem de Souza Braga, Kariny da Silva Uchôa, Laila Maria Silva Moraes, Leillane Cristina de Paiva Ferreira, Natanael Guimaraes Ribeiro, Savio Lima Dos Santos, Tayná Almeida da Silva, Paulo Evaristo de Andrade, Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction reflex of the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus (DM) favors an increase in morbidity and mortality related to cardiovascular events, and for this reason has been one of the most studied clinical entities. METHOD: An experimental study of a randomized clinical trial type was therefore proposed to analyze the hemodynamic and glycemic response after the practice of a rehabilitation program in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465496/a-systematic-review-of-exercise-training-in-patients-with-cardiac-implantable-devices
#18
Afnan Hamad Alswyan, Ana Carolina Sauer Liberato, Cynthia M Dougherty
PURPOSE: This systematic review identified exercise-based intervention studies in patients with cardiac implantable devices (CIDs): implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), cardiac resynchronization pacemaker or defibrillator (cardiac resynchronization therapy [CRT]), or ventricular assist device (VAD) and assessed evidence for the safety and efficacy of exercise-based interventions alone or in combination with psychoeducational components. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, Web of Science, Cochrane, and PEDro databases were searched from database inception to September 2016...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463933/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-short-term-toe-resistance-training-to-improve-toe-pinch-force-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Hiroaki Kataoka, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Satoshi Murao, Satoshi Tanaka
Resistance training is effective against type 2 diabetes (T2DM), but the effect of resistance training on toe pinch force (TPF) is unknown. Here we investigated the effect of short-term toe resistance training on TPF in patients with T2DM, in a prospective, parallel-group, single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Twelve patients with T2DM who were hospitalized to improve glycemic control were enrolled. The patients were randomly allocated to the intervention (n=6) and control (n=6) groups. The intervention group performed traditional aerobic exercise and 4 newly developed toe-resistance training exercises...
February 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463621/ventilatory-support-or-respiratory-muscle-training-as-adjuncts-to-exercise-in-obese-cpap-treated-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Isabelle Vivodtzev, Renaud Tamisier, Marilie Croteau, Jean-Christian Borel, Angélique Grangier, Bernard Wuyam, Patrick Lévy, Caroline Minville, Frédéric Sériès, François Maltais, Jean-Louis Pépin
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and obesity are interdependent chronic diseases sharing reduced exercise tolerance and high cardiovascular risk. INTERVENTION: A 3-month intervention with innovative training modalities would further improve functional capacity and cardiovascular health than usual cycle exercise training in already continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)-treated obese patients with OSA. METHODS: Fifty three patients (35<body mass index (BMI) <45 kg/m2 ) were randomly allocated to exercise training on a cycle ergometer, either alone (ERGO) or with respiratory muscle training (ERGO+RMT) or non-invasive ventilation (ERGO+NIV)...
February 20, 2018: Thorax
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