keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Aerobic exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232407/temporal-changes-in-cardiac-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-remodeling-induced-by-exercise-in-hypertension-role-for-local-angiotensin-ii-reduction
#1
Sebastião D Silva, Zaira P Jara, Roseli Peres, Larissa S Lima, Cristóforo Scavone, Augusto C Montezano, Rhian M Touyz, Dulce E Casarini, Lisete C Michelini
Exercise training reduces renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activation, decreases plasma and tissue oxidative stress and inflammation in hypertension. However, the temporal nature of these phenomena in response to exercise is unknown. We sought to determine in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and age-matched WKY controls the weekly effects of training on blood pressure (BP), plasma and left ventricle (LV) Ang II and Ang-(1-7) content (HPLC), LV oxidative stress (DHE staining), gene and protein expression (qPCR and WB) of pro-inflammatory cytokines, antioxidant enzymes and their consequence on hypertension-induced cardiac remodeling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232316/prime-a-novel-low-mass-high-repetition-approach-to-improve-function-in-older-adults
#2
Jason D Allen, Mitch D VanBruggen, Neil M Johannsen, Jennifer L Robbins, Daniel P Credeur, Carl F Pieper, Richard Sloane, Conrad P Earnest, Timothy S Church, Eric Ravussin, William E Kraus, Michael A Welsch
INTRODUCTION: The ability to maintain functional independence in a rapidly aging population results in an increased life expectancy without corresponding increases in health care costs. The accelerated decline in VO2peak after the age of 65 is primarily due to peripheral tissue changes rather than centrally mediated factors. The purpose of this study was to determine if the PRIME (Peripheral Remodeling through Intermittent Muscular Exercise) approach, consisting of a low mass, high repetition/duration skeletal muscle focused training regimen would provide superior functional benefits in participants above 70 years old and at risk for losing functional independence...
December 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231586/-effects-of-acupuncture-on-peripheral-skeletal-muscle-exercise-ability-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-at-stable-phase
#3
Yan Ge, Hong Yao, Juan Tong, Ying He, Guiyuan Li, Xiang'ao Kong
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of acupuncture on improving the peripheral skeletal muscle exercise ability in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at stable phase. METHODS: Forty-four patients were randomly divided into an observation group (24 cases) and a control group (20 cases). Based on regular western medication treatment and aerobic training, acupuncture was used in the observation group and placebo acupuncture was used in the control group...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227962/the-impact-of-an-add-on-video-assisted-structured-aerobic-exercise-module-on-mood-and-somatic-symptoms-among-women-with-depressive-disorders-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-india
#4
Amrita Roy, Radhakrishnan Govindan, Kesavan Muralidharan
BACKGROUND: The evidence in favor of exercise as a treatment for depression is compelling, but what kind of exercise, how much, how often, and at what intensity is necessary to make a significant difference. There is serious dearth of such data from India, in particular. We examined the impact of low-moderate intensity aerobic exercises on mood and somatic symptoms among women with depressive disorders. METHODS: A pre test- post test control group design was adopted with a sample size of 40 (20 subjects randomized to both experimental and control group) women inpatients diagnosed with depressive disorder at a tertiary care centre, Bengaluru, India...
December 5, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227294/immediate-and-24-h-blood-pressure-lowering-effects-of-arm-crank-exercise-in-patients-with-traumatic-lower-limb-amputation-a-randomized-cross-over-study
#5
Marcelle Paula-Ribeiro, Daniel G Martinez, Jorge R P Lima, Mateus C Laterza
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the clinic and 24-h postexercise hypotension (PEH) after a moderate-intensity arm crank exercise session in individuals with traumatic lower-limb amputation. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Nine men (46±17 years) with unilateral traumatic lower-limb amputation participated in two experimental sessions conducted randomly: an aerobic exercise (EXE: arm crank ergometer, 30 min) or a control session (CON: participants remained seated on the cycle ergometer, 30 min)...
December 8, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226892/evaluation-of-increase-in-intraventricular-gradient-and-dynamic-obstruction-during-exercise-stress-test-in-competitive-runners
#6
Kadir Uğur Mert, Ferhat Radi, Ayda Sadati, Gurbet Özge Mert, Muhammet Dural
OBJECTIVE: Sudden cardiac death in athletes is one of the most tragic health events seen both in our country and all over the world. In some of those athletes, there is no obvious structural abnormality. Dynamic changes in intracardiac hemodynamics during exercise may be a cause for sudden death in these athletes, the impact of exercise on intracardiac gradient and cardiac hemodynamic parameters in athletes was compared with healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 21 professional male athletes and 21 healthy male controls were included in the study...
December 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225319/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-combined-with-panaxatriol-derived-from-ginseng-on-insulin-resistance-and-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-type-2-diabetic-mice
#7
Yusuke Takamura, Mitsuru Nomura, Akira Uchiyama, Satoshi Fujita
Insulin resistance reduces insulin-induced muscle protein synthesis and accelerates muscle protein degradation. Ginseng ingestion has been reported to improve insulin resistance through the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway. We hypothesized that panaxatriol (PT) derived from ginseng in combination with aerobic exercise (EX) may further promote protein synthesis and suppress protein degradation, and subsequently maintain muscle mass through the amelioration of insulin resistance. KKAy insulin-resistant mice were divided into control, panaxatriol only (PT), exercise only (EX), and EX+PT groups...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224960/persons-with-secondary-progressive-and-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-reveal-different-responses-of-tryptophan-metabolism-to-acute-endurance-exercise-and-training
#8
Jens Bansi, Christina Koliamitra, Wilhelm Bloch, Niklas Joisten, Alexander Schenk, Matthew Watson, Jan Kool, Dawn Langdon, Ulrik Dalgas, Jürg Kesselring, Philipp Zimmer
Disturbances in Tryptophan metabolism play a crucial role in multiple sclerosis (MS). Exercise is suspected to counteract the progress of MS and its side effects. Current research suggests alterations of Tryptophan metabolism in healthy individuals in response to exercise. We investigated the influence of acute aerobic exercise and training on Tryptophan metabolism in 57 inpatients with relapsing remitting ((RRMS) n=33) and secondary progressive ((SPMS) n=24) MS. Serotonin increased after training, whereas the kynurenine pathway was only activated in persons with RRMS...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224232/physical-activity-and-family-based-obesity-treatment-a-review-of-expert-recommendations-on-physical-activity-in-youth
#9
REVIEW
C Foster, J B Moore, C R Singletary, J A Skelton
Targeting physical inactivity in children is pertinent to aiding in the decrease of childhood obesity rates. Only 33% of adolescents are obtaining the recommended goal of at least 60 min of physical activity per day. The objectives of this review are to summarize professional recommendations for physical activity and exercise in children and adolescents, and identify family-centred strategies that can be implemented by weight management clinicians. Clinically oriented recommendations and policy statements from professional organizations were identified through literature and internet searches, summarized using rubrics of aerobic, muscle strengthening and bone strengthening exercise, then examined for details on family-based focus, inclusion of child developmental stage and age, and application to the prevention and treatment of obesity...
December 10, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222739/effects-of-two-aerobic-exercise-training-protocols-on-parameters-of-oxidative-stress-in-the-blood-and-liver-of-obese-rats
#10
Daniela Delwing-de Lima, Ariene Sampaio Souza Farias Ulbricht, Carla Werlang-Coelho, Débora Delwing-Dal Magro, Victor Hugo Antonio Joaquim, Eloise Mariani Salamaia, Silvana Rodrigues de Quevedo, Larissa Desordi
We evaluated the effects of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocols on the alterations in oxidative stress parameters caused by a high-fat diet (HFD), in the blood and liver of rats. The HFD enhanced thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBA-RS) and protein carbonyl content, while reducing total sulfhydryl content and catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities in the blood. Both training protocols prevented an increase in TBA-RS and protein carbonyl content, and prevented a reduction in CAT...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222139/effect-of-losartan-on-rv-dysfunction-results-from-the-double-blind-randomized-redefine-trial-in-adults-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#11
Jouke P Bokma, Michiel M Winter, Arie P van Dijk, Hubert W Vliegen, Joost P van Melle, Folkert Meijboom, Martijn C Post, Jacqueline K Berbee, S Matthijs Boekholdt, Maarten Groenink, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Barbara J M Mulder, Berto J Bouma
Background -The effect of angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) on right ventricular (RV) function is still unknown. ARBs are beneficial in patients with acquired left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and recent findings suggested a favorable effect in symptomatic patients with systemic RV dysfunction. The current study aimed to determine the effect of losartan, an ARB, on subpulmonary RV dysfunction in adults after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF). Methods -REDEFINE is an investigator-initiated, multicenter, prospective, 1:1 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study...
December 8, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222029/rapid-regulation-of-substrate-use-for-oxidative-phosphorylation-during-a-single-session-of-high-intensity-interval-or-aerobic-exercises-in-different-rat-skeletal-muscles
#12
Eduarda Lopes Martins, Juliana Carvalho Ricardo, Eduardo de-Souza-Ferreira, Juliana Camacho-Pereira, Dionizio Ramos-Filho, Antonio Galina
Different exercise protocols lead to long-term adaptations that are related to increased mitochondrial content through the activation of mitochondrial biogenesis. However, immediate mitochondrial response to exercise and energetic substrate utilization is still unknown. We evaluate the mitochondrial physiology of two types rat skeletal muscle fibres immediately after a single session of high intensity interval exercise (HIIE) or aerobic exercise (AER). We found AER was able to reduce the ATP synthesis dependent oxygen flux in the tibialis (TA) when stimulated by complex I and II substrates...
December 5, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221849/molecular-regulation-of-fatty-acid-oxidation-in-skeletal-muscle-during-aerobic-exercise
#13
REVIEW
Anne-Marie Lundsgaard, Andreas Mæchel Fritzen, Bente Kiens
This review summarizes how fatty acid (FA) oxidation is regulated in skeletal muscle during exercise. From the available evidence it seems that acetyl-CoA availability in the mitochondrial matrix adjusts FA oxidation to exercise intensity and duration. This is executed at the step of mitochondrial fatty acyl import, as the extent of acetyl group sequestration by carnitine determines the availability of carnitine for the carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1) reaction. The rate of glycolysis seems therefore to be central to the amount of β-oxidation-derived acetyl-CoA that is oxidized in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle...
December 5, 2017: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221502/impact-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-frequency-of-atrial-fibrillation-stroke-and-all-cause-mortality
#14
Nasir Hussain, Bernard J Gersh, Karina Gonzalez Carta, Nóra Sydó, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Stephen L Kopecky, Randal J Thomas, Samuel J Asirvatham, Thomas G Allison
Benefits of cardiorespiratory fitness on cardiovascular health are well recognized, but the impact on incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and stroke, and, particularly, risk of stroke and mortality in patients with AF is less clear. From 1993 to 2010, patients referred for a treadmill exercise test (TMET) at the Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN, were retrospectively identified (N = 76,857). From this, 14,094 local residents were selected. Exclusions were age <18 years; history of heart failure, structural or valvular heart disease, AF or flutter, or stroke...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220206/aerobic-training-but-no-resistance-training-increases-sirt3-in-skeletal-muscle-of-sedentary-obese-male-adolescents
#15
Katya Vargas-Ortiz, Victoriano Pérez-Vázquez, Arturo Figueroa, Francisco J Díaz, Paulina G Montaño-Ascencio, Maciste H Macías-Cervantes
In recent years, prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents has increased. A strategy for prevention and management of obesity is aerobic training (AT) due to its effectiveness to decrease fat mass. AT increases the content of SIRT3, a mitochondrial protein that increases the expression of PGC-1α and NFR1, thereby enhances mitochondrial function and metabolic health. Resistance training (RT) provides metabolic benefits but its effect on SIRT3 content is unknown. To compare the effect of AT and RT on SIRT3, PGC-1α and NRF-1 protein levels in skeletal muscle of sedentary obese adolescents...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219220/heart-rate-recovery-fast-to-slow-phase-transition-influence-of-physical-fitness-and-exercise-intensity
#16
Rhenan Bartels, Eliza Prodel, Mateus C Laterza, Jorge Roberto P de Lima, Tiago Peçanha
BACKGROUND: Postexercise heart rate (HR) recovery presents an exponential decay, with two distinct phases: a fast phase, characterized by abrupt decay of HR, and determined by parasympathetic reactivation; and a slow phase, characterized by gradual decay of HR, and predominantly determined by sympathetic withdrawal. Although several methods have been proposed to assess postexercise HR recovery, none of those methods selectively assesses the time of transition from the fast to the slow phase of the HR recovery curve (HRRPT ), and the magnitude of decay prior to (HRRFP ) and after this point (HRRSP )...
December 8, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218018/aerobic-interval-training-and-cardiometabolic-health-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#17
Shanhu Qiu, Xue Cai, Zilin Sun, Martina Zügel, Jürgen M Steinacker, Uwe Schumann
Vigorous to maximal aerobic interval training (INT) has received remarkable interest in improving cardiometabolic outcomes for type 2 diabetes patients recently, yet with inconsistent findings. This meta-analysis was aimed to quantify its effectiveness in type 2 diabetes. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified by searches of 3 databases to October 2017, which evaluated the effects of INT with a minimal training duration of 8 weeks vs. moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) or non-exercise training (NET) among type 2 diabetes patients on outcomes including cardiorespiratory fitness, glycemic control, body composition, blood pressure, and lipid profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216745/differential-experimental-effects-of-a-short-bout-of-walking-meditation-or-combination-of-walking-and-meditation-on-state-anxiety-among-young-adults
#18
Meghan K Edwards, Simon Rosenbaum, Paul D Loprinzi
INTRODUCTION: Single bouts of aerobic exercise and meditation have been shown to improve anxiety states. Yet to be evaluated in the literature, we sought to examine the effects of a single, short bout of aerobic exercise or meditation, as well as exercise and meditation combined on state anxiety among young adults. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University. SUBJECTS: Participants (N = 110, mean age = 21...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214925/combined-exercise-training-reduces-climacteric-symptoms-without-the-additive-effects-of-isoflavone-supplementation-a-clinical-controlled-randomised-double-blind-study
#19
Juliene G Costa, Jéssica S Giolo, Igor M Mariano, Jaqueline P Batista, Ana Luiza A Ribeiro, Tállita Cristina F Souza, Erick P de Oliveira, Ana Paula M Resende, Guilherme M Puga
BACKGROUND: Exercise and supplementation with isoflavones are therapies used to prevent and treat climacteric symptoms. AIM: To verify the effects of 10 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance training and isoflavone supplementation on climacteric symptoms in postmenopausal women. METHODS: A randomised, double-blind, controlled clinical trial was performed. A total of 32 postmenopausal women, aged 54.4 ± 5.4 years, with a body mass index of 26...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214863/impact-of-a-weight-management-intervention-on-eating-competence-importance-of-measurement-interval-in-protocol-design
#20
Barbara Lohse, Jodi Stotts Krall, Tricia Psota, Penny Kris-Etherton
PURPOSE: To examine changes in eating competence (EC) in 12-month weight loss intervention. DESIGN: Randomized, parallel-arm with weight loss phase (baseline to month 4) and weight-maintenance phase (months 4-12). SETTING: Face-to-face in University classrooms, supervised and self-directed fitness sessions at University fitness center, and home. PARTICIPANTS: Premenopausal, mostly college-educated Pennsylvania women, body mass index >25 (n = 101)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
keyword
keyword
24256
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"