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Aerobic exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679660/effects-of-aerobic-training-resistance-training-or-both-on-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-adolescents-with-obesity-the-hearty-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Gary S Goldfield, Glen P Kenny, Denis Prud'Homme, Martin Holcik, Angela S Alberga, Margaret Fahnestock, Jameason D Cameron, Steve Doucette, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Heather Tulloch, Mark S Tremblay, Jeremy Walsh, Eva Guerin, Katie E Gunnell, Amedeo D'Angiulli, Ronald J Sigal
Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a protein that plays a critical role in modulating cognition in animals and humans. Aerobic exercise often increases BDNF in adults, but effects of this exercise modality and others among adolescents remain uncertain. This study examined the effects of aerobic training, resistance training, and combined training on resting serum BDNF levels in adolescents with overweight and obesity. After a 4-week pre-randomization treatment, 304 post-pubertal, adolescents with overweight or obesity (70% females) aged 14-18 years were randomized to one of four groups for 22 weeks: aerobic training (N = 75), resistance training (N = 78), combined aerobic and resistance training (N = 75), or non-exercising control (N = 76)...
April 18, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678994/can-exercise-delay-transition-to-active-therapy-in-men-with-low-grade-prostate-cancer-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Daniel A Galvão, Dickon Hayne, Mark Frydenberg, Suzanne K Chambers, Dennis R Taaffe, Nigel Spry, Paul A Scuffham, Robert S Ware, Nicolas H Hart, Robert U Newton
INTRODUCTION: Active surveillance is a strategy for managing low-risk, localised prostate cancer, where men are observed with serial prostate-specific antigen assessments to identify signs of disease progression. Currently, there are no strategies to support active surveillance compliance nor are there interventions that can prevent or slow disease progression, ultimately delaying transition to active treatment before it is clinically required. Recently, we proposed that exercise may have a therapeutic potential in delaying the need for active treatment in men on active surveillance...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678892/reply-to-the-comments-on-concurrent-aerobic-plus-resistance-exercise-versus-aerobic-exercise-alone-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-paediatric-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Mark D Peterson, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677565/comparison-of-three-modes-of-aerobic-exercise-combined-with-resistance-training-on-the-pain-and-function-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Sanaz Kabiri, Farzin Halabchi, Hooman Angoorani, Saeed Yekaninejad
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of three modes of aerobic exercise (lower limbs with and without weight bearing and upper limb) for knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Sports medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-eight patients with knee osteoarthritis were divided into 3 groups of resistance training combined with one of three programs of treadmill, cycle ergometer, or arm ergometer aerobic training...
April 7, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677194/combined-intervention-of-swimming-plus-metformin-ameliorates-the-insulin-resistance-and-impaired-lipid-metabolism-in-murine-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Liping Huang, Pingping Yue, Xuefei Wu, Ting Yu, Yang Wang, Ji Zhou, Derun Kong, Keyang Chen
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has short- and long- term influence on pregnant women and fetus. Swimming, as an aerobic exercise, can effectively improve the blood glucose level in GDM, but the effect of mild swimming alone was not very substantial. Metformin, as an oral antidiabetic drug, has obvious hypoglycemic effect, and is economic also, but the long-term effect on pregnant women and fetus has not been completely clear. We hypothesize that combined intervention of mild swimming and low dose of metformin, may effectively reduce blood glucose, improve the pregnancy outcomes in GDM dams, but simultaneously avoiding the adverse effects caused by overdose of drug and impotence of mild swimming...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677054/effects-of-acute-aerobic-exercise-on-arterial-stiffness-and-cerebrovascular-pulsatility-in-adults-with-and-without-hypertension
#6
Wesley K Lefferts, Jacob P DeBlois, Candace N Receno, Tiago V Barreira, Tom D Brutsaert, Robert L Carhart, Kevin S Heffernan
OBJECTIVES: Stiffer central arteries, as seen in hypertension (HTN), foster transmission of pulsatile hemodynamics into fragile cerebral vessels. Aerobic exercise is recommended for adults with HTN, but its effects on arterial stiffness and pulsatility in this group are unclear. This study sought to investigate the effect of acute aerobic exercise on arterial stiffness and cerebrovascular pulsatility in 30 adults with treated HTN and 30 age, sex, and BMI-matched adults without HTN (56 ± 6 years, BMI 28...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673244/changes-in-body-composition-blood-lipid-profile-and-growth-factor-hormone-in-a-patient-with-prader-willi-syndrome-during-24-weeks-of-complex-exercise-a-single-case-study
#7
Hee Joung Joung, In Soo Lim
PURPOSE: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder characterized by excessive appetite with progressive obesity and growth hormone (GH) deficiency. Excessive eating causes progressive obesity with increased risk of morbidities and mortality. Although GH treatment has beneficial effects on patients with PWS, adverse events have occurred during GH treatment. Exercise potentially has a positive effect on obesity management. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of 24-week complex exercise program on changes in body composition, blood lipid profiles, and growth factor hormone levels in a patient with PWS...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673241/effect-of-acute-mid-intensity-treadmill-exercise-on-the-androgen-hormone-level-and-uncoupling-protein-1-expression-in-brown-fat-tissue-of-mouse
#8
Nahyun Kim, Jisu Kim, Choongsung Yoo, Kiwon Lim, Takayuki Akimoto, Jonghoon Park
PURPOSE: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) plays an important role in metabolizing different substances, including androgens. The aim of this study was to determine whether a single bout of aerobic exercise would increase the androgen hormone concentration in mouse BAT and whether its increase was associated with uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1), protein kinase A (PKA)-related mechanism in BAT. METHODS: Twenty, 9-week-old ICR adult male micewere randomly divided into three groups: Control (n=6, CON), Exercise (n=7, EX), and Exercise + SRD5A1A2 inhibitor (n=7, EXIN)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672359/benefits-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-case-report
#9
Fabio Perrotta, Andrea Bianco, Giovanni Cioffi, Antonio Cennamo, Gennaro Mazzarella
CLINICAL CASE: We describe the case of a 50-y-old man with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) who underwent pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). The 8-wk training program, including resistance training and aerobic exercises, was conducted 3 d/wk under physiotherapist supervision. Clinical and functional assessment was performed prior to and following the program. At the end of the training program, meaningful improvements in primary outcomes, including spirometry values and exertional parameters, were noted...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671063/aerobic-exercise-and-cardiopulmonary-fitness-in-childhood-cancer-survivors-treated-with-a-cardiotoxic-agent-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Alexander Bourdon, Scott A Grandy, Melanie R Keats
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this review was to synthesize evidence from existing childhood cancer survivor studies that report the effect of aerobic exercise on cardiopulmonary fitness (a marker of cardiovascular health), in survivors that were currently receiving or had been treated with a cardiotoxic agent. METHODS: Studies were identified for this review by searching both electronic databases of peer-reviewed articles, as well as various sources of gray literature...
April 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671055/a-new-perspective-of-the-hippocampus-in-the-origin-of-exercise-brain-interactions
#11
REVIEW
Catarina Rendeiro, Justin S Rhodes
Exercising regularly is a highly effective strategy for maintaining cognitive health throughout the lifespan. Over the last 20 years, many molecular, physiological and structural changes have been documented in response to aerobic exercise training in humans and animals, particularly in the hippocampus. However, how exercise produces such neurological changes remains elusive. A recent line of investigation has suggested that muscle-derived circulating factors cross into the brain and may be the key agents driving enhancement in synaptic plasticity and hippocampal neurogenesis from aerobic exercise...
April 18, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670343/effect-of-6-month-community-based-exercise-interventions-on-gait-and-functional-fitness-of-an-older-population-a-quasi-experimental-study
#12
Fátima Ramalho, Rita Santos-Rocha, Marco Branco, Vera Moniz-Pereira, Helô-Isa André, António P Veloso, Filomena Carnide
Background: Gait ability in older adults has been associated with independent living, increased survival rates, fall prevention, and quality of life. There are inconsistent findings regarding the effects of exercise interventions in the maintenance of gait parameters. Objectives: The aim of the study was to analyze the effects of a community-based periodized exercise intervention on the improvement of gait parameters and functional fitness in an older adult group compared with a non-periodized program...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669711/an-exercise-intervention-to-unravel-the-mechanisms-underlying-insulin-resistance-in-a-cohort-of-black-south-african-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants
#13
Julia H Goedecke, Amy E Mendham, Louise Clamp, Pamela A Nono Nankam, Melony C Fortuin-de Smidt, Lindokuhle Phiri, Lisa K Micklesfield, Dheshnie Keswell, Nicholas J Woudberg, Sandrine Lecour, Ali Alhamud, Mamadou Kaba, Faith M Lutomia, Paul J van Jaarsveld, Anniza de Villiers, Steven E Kahn, Elin Chorell, Jon Hauksson, Tommy Olsson
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in black African women is complex and differs from that in their white counterparts. However, earlier studies have been cross-sectional and provide little insight into the causal pathways. Exercise training is consistently used as a model to examine the mechanisms underlying insulin resistance and risk for T2D. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the mechanisms underlying the changes in insulin sensitivity and secretion in response to a 12-week exercise intervention in obese black South African (SA) women...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668716/earlier-time-to-aerobic-exercise-is-associated-with-faster-recovery-following-acute-sport-concussion
#14
David Wyndham Lawrence, Doug Richards, Paul Comper, Michael G Hutchison
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether earlier time to initiation of aerobic exercise following acute concussion is associated with time to full return to (1) sport and (2) school or work. METHODS: A retrospective stratified propensity score survival analysis of acute (≤14 days) concussion was used to determine whether time (days) to initiation of aerobic exercise post-concussion was associated with, both, time (days) to full return to (1) sport and (2) school or work...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668326/effects-of-aging-and-exercise-training-on-leg-hemodynamics-and-oxidative-metabolism-in-the-transition-from-rest-to-steady-state-exercise-role-of-cgmp-signaling
#15
Peter Piil, Tue Smith Jørgensen, Jon Egelund, Nicolai Rytter, Lasse Gliemann, Jens Bangsbo, Ylva Hellsten, Michael Nyberg
Aging is associated with slower skeletal muscle O2 uptake (VO2 ) kinetics; however, the mechanisms underlying this effect of age are unclear. Also, the effects of exercise training in elderly on the initial vascular and metabolic response to exercise remain to be elucidated. We measured leg hemodynamics and oxidative metabolism in the transition from rest to steady state exercise engaging the knee-extensor muscles in young (n=15, 25{plus minus}1 years) and older (n=15, 72{plus minus}1 years) subjects before and after a period of aerobic high-intensity exercise training...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667507/effect-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-imt-on-aerobic-capacity-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-rate-of-perceived-exertion-in-paraplegics
#16
Sonali Soumyashree, Jaskirat Kaur
OBJECTIVES: The purpose is to study the effect of inspiratory muscle training on aerobic capacity, respiratory muscle strength and rate of perceived exertion in paraplegics. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: Rehabilitation department in Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, New Delhi. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 30 paraplegics (T1-T12) were randomly allocated into two groups: inspiratory muscle training (IMT) group and control group...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666760/barefoot-running-does-not-affect-simple-reaction-time-an-exploratory-study
#17
Nicholas J Snow, Jason F L Blair, Graham Z MacDonald, Jeannette M Byrne, Fabien A Basset
Background: Converging evidence comparing barefoot (BF) and shod (SH) running highlights differences in foot-strike patterns and somatosensory feedback, among others. Anecdotal evidence from SH runners attempting BF running suggests a greater attentional demand may be experienced during BF running. However, little work to date has examined whether there is an attentional cost of BF versus SH running. Objective: This exploratory study aimed to examine whether an acute bout of BF running would impact simple reaction time (SRT) compared to SH running, in a sample of runners naïve to BF running...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666705/the-role-of-moderate-aerobic-exercise-as-determined-by-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-als
#18
Anna Caroline Marques Braga, Anabela Pinto, Susana Pinto, Mamede de Carvalho
Introduction: The efficacy of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to determining exercise intensity has not been established in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). We studied this intervention. Methods: We included 48 ALS patients randomized in 2 groups: G1 ( n = 24), exercise intensity leveled by CPET; G2 ( n = 24), standard care limited by fatigue, during 6 months. ALS functional scale (ALSFRS-R) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were performed every 3 months; CPET was done at admission ( T 1) and 6 months later ( T 2)...
2018: Neurology Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665358/hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic-clamp-over-the-first-year-of-use-of-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-as-a-contraceptive
#19
Vaneska Melhado-Kimura, Gisele Almeida Batista, Aglécio Luiz de Souza, Priscilla de Nazaré Silva Dos Santos, Sarah Monte Alegre, Elizabeth João Pavin, Luis Bahamondes, Arlete Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: The literature lacks data on the use of the gold-standard hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (HEC) technique for the evaluation of insulin resistance (IR) in depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) users. This study assessed carbohydrate metabolism in non-obese users of DMPA using the HEC technique. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, non-randomized, comparative study conducted at the Family Planning Clinic/Metabolic Unit, University of Campinas, Brazil. Forty-eight women aged 18-39 years underwent HEC: 30 initiating use of DMPA and 18 initiating use of a copper intrauterine device (IUD)...
April 14, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664744/the-impact-of-aerobic-exercise-on-the-muscle-stem-cell-response
#20
Sophie Joanisse, Tim Snijders, Joshua P Nederveen, Gianni Parise
Satellite cells are indispensable for skeletal muscle repair and regeneration and are associated with muscle growth in humans. Aerobic exercise training results in improved skeletal muscle health also translating to an increase in satellite cell pool activation. We postulate that aerobic exercise improves satellite cell function in skeletal muscle.
April 16, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
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