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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534128/cathepsin-l-activity-correlates-with-proteinuria-in-chronic-kidney-disease-in-humans
#1
Yu Cao, Xing Liu, Ying Li, Yao Lu, Hua Zhong, Weihong Jiang, Alex F Chen, Timothy R Billiar, Hong Yuan, Jingjing Cai
BACKGROUND: The presence and severity of proteinuria is considered an important prognostic marker in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated with mortality and morbidity. Cathepsin L is highly expressed in the foot processes of podocytes in the kidney, which serves as an ultrafiltration barrier. Cathepsin L is also up-regulated in the setting of inflammation as a feature of CKD. Therefore, we postulated that proteinuria severity in CKD patients might correlate with increased serum levels of cathepsin L...
May 22, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507057/benefit-of-ezetimibe-added-to-simvastatin-in-reduced-kidney-function
#2
John W Stanifer, David M Charytan, Jennifer White, Yuliya Lokhnygina, Christopher P Cannon, Matthew T Roe, Michael A Blazing
Efficacy of statin-based therapies in reducing cardiovascular mortality in individuals with CKD seems to diminish as eGFR declines. The strongest evidence supporting the cardiovascular benefit of statins in individuals with CKD was shown with ezetimibe plus simvastatin versus placebo. However, whether combination therapy or statin alone resulted in cardiovascular benefit is uncertain. Therefore, we estimated GFR in 18,015 individuals from the IMPROVE-IT (ezetimibe plus simvastatin versus simvastatin alone in individuals with cardiovascular disease and creatinine clearance >30 ml/min) and examined post hoc the relationship of eGFR with end points across treatment arms...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502499/effects-of-statin-therapy-on-cerebrovascular-and-renal-outcomes-in-patients-with-predialysis-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-and-dyslipidemia
#3
Chang-Min Chung, Ming-Shyan Lin, Jen-Te Hsu, Ju-Feng Hsiao, Shih-Tai Chang, Kuo-Li Pan, Chun-Liang Lin, Yu-Sheng Lin
BACKGROUND: Treatment with statin may be beneficial for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the debate over the clinical importance of statin in patients with predialysis advanced CKD remains unresolved. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the article was to evaluate the effect of statin on mortality, cerebrovascular, and renal outcomes in patients with predialysis advanced CKD and dyslipidemia. METHODS: Data on predialysis advanced CKD patients were retrieved from the National Health Insurance Research Database based on the guidelines for prescribing regular erythropoietin-stimulating agent in CKD patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460629/effect-on-non-vascular-outcomes-of-lowering-ldl-cholesterol-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-study-of-heart-and-renal-protection
#4
C Reith, N Staplin, W G Herrington, W Stevens, J Emberson, R Haynes, M Mafham, J Armitage, A Cass, J C Craig, L Jiang, T Pedersen, C Baigent, M J Landray
BACKGROUND: Reducing LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) with statin-based therapy reduces the risk of major atherosclerotic events among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), with no evidence of an excess risk of cancer or death from any non-vascular cause. However, non-randomized data have suggested that statin therapy may have effects (both adverse and beneficial) on particular non-vascular conditions that do not cause death. METHODS: The Study of Heart and Renal Protection (SHARP) randomized patients with CKD to simvastatin 20 mg plus ezetimibe 10 mg (simvastatin/ezetimibe) daily versus matching placebo...
May 1, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454811/compliance-with-guideline-directed-therapy-in-diabetic-patients-admitted-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-findings-from-the-american-heart-association-s-get-with-the-guidelines-coronary-artery-disease-gwtg-cad-program
#5
Prakash Deedwania, Tushar Acharya, Kamal Kotak, Gregg C Fonarow, Christopher P Cannon, Warren K Laskey, W Frank Peacock, Wenqin Pan, Deepak L Bhatt
BACKGROUND: To evaluate and compare baseline characteristics, outcomes and compliance with guideline based therapy at discharge among diabetic and non-diabetic patients admitted with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Study population consisted of 151,270 patients admitted with ACS from 2002 through 2008 at 411 sites participating in the American Heart Association's Get with the Guidelines (GWTG) program. Demographic variables, physical exam findings, laboratory data, left ventricular ejection fraction, length of stay, in-hospital mortality and discharge medications were compared between diabetic and non-diabetic patients...
May 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#6
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434480/how-to-assess-and-manage-cardiovascular-risk-associated-with-lipid-alterations-beyond-ldl
#7
Maurizio Averna, Erik Stroes
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The maintenance of clinically recommended levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) through a statin therapy is a gold standard in the management of patients with dyslipidaemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, even when LDL-C levels are at or below clinically recommended target levels, residual cardiovascular (CV) risk still remains. Therefore, assessing lipoproteins beyond LDL-C in managing CV risk is imperative. METHODS: A working group of clinical experts have assessed the role of lipoproteins other than LDL-C in identifying the CV risk in patients with dyslipidaemia and CVD and in the management of atherogenic dyslipidaemia associated with a number of other diseases...
April 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391915/plasma-pcsk9-concentrations-during-the-course-of-nondiabetic-chronic-kidney-disease-relationship-with-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-lipid-metabolism
#8
Marion Morena, Cédric Le May, Leila Chenine, Lucie Arnaud, Anne-Marie Dupuy, Matthieu Pichelin, Hélène Leray-Moragues, Lotfi Chalabi, Bernard Canaud, Jean-Paul Cristol, Bertrand Cariou
BACKGROUND: The association between proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), a critical regulator of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) metabolism, and kidney function is a matter of debate. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the association of circulating PCSK9 concentrations with both glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and serum lipid parameters in nondiabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: Fasting plasma PCSK9 concentrations were measured by ELISA in 94 nondiabetic nondialysis CKD (ND-CKD) patients not receiving statins, at different stages of CKD...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382626/use-of-radiocontrast-agents-in-ckd-and-esrd
#9
Jehan Z Bahrainwala, Amanda K Leonberg-Yoo, Michael R Rudnick
Contrast exposure in a population with chronic kidney disease (CKD) requires additional consideration given the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after exposure to iodinated contrast as well as systemic injury with exposure to gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCA). Strategies to avoid CIN, and manage patients after exposure, including extracorporeal removal of contrast media, may differ among an advanced CKD population as compared to a general population. There is strong evidence to support the use of isotonic volume expansion and the lowest dose of low-osmolar or iso-osmolar contrast media possible to decrease CIN...
April 5, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377473/a-population-based-analysis-of-quality-indicators-in-ckd
#10
Liam Manns, Nairne Scott-Douglas, Marcello Tonelli, Robert Weaver, Helen Tam-Tham, Christy Chong, Brenda Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Awareness of CKD remains low in comparison with other chronic diseases, such as diabetes, leading to low use of preventive medications and appropriate testing. The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of care provided to people with and at risk of CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a population-based analysis of all Albertans with eGFR=15-59 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) between April 1, 2011 and March 31, 2012 as well as patients with diabetes (as of March 31, 2012)...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340216/meta-analysis-of-statins-in-chronic-kidney-disease-who-benefits
#11
C M Messow, C Isles
Background: Attempts to reduce the burden of vascular disease in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) by control of lipids have not been as successful as predicted. Aim: : To determine the extent to which the effectiveness of statins varies by kidney class. Design: Meta-analysis. Methods: We selected randomized trials of statin vs. placebo that gave outcomes for CKD3 (eGFR 30-59 ml/min), CKD4 (eGFR 15-29 ml/min), CKD5 (eGFR < 15 ml/min)/5D(dialysis) and transplant patients separately...
March 14, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302902/risk-of-febuxostat-associated-myopathy-in-patients-with-ckd
#12
Chung-Te Liu, Chun-You Chen, Chien-Yi Hsu, Po-Hsun Huang, Feng-Yen Lin, Jaw-Wen Chen, Shing-Jong Lin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Febuxostat, a nonpurine xanthine oxidase inhibitor, is widely used to treat hyperuricemia. Although febuxostat-associated rhabdomyolysis was reported in some patients with CKD, the association between CKD and febuxostat-associated myopathy remains uncertain. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Our retrospective cohort study included 1332 patients using febuxostat in Taipei Medical University-Wanfang Hospital from February of 2014 to January of 2016...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244896/adjunctive-therapy-with-statins-reduces-residual-albuminuria-proteinuria-and-provides-further-renoprotection-by-downregulating-the-angiotensin-ii-at1-pathway-in-hypertensive-nephropathy
#13
Zhi Zhang, Ziqiang Li, Kaijin Cao, Dailong Fang, Fazhan Wang, Gang Bi, Jian Yang, Yingju He, Jinhui Wu, Yuquan Wei, Xiangrong Song
OBJECTIVES: Blockade of the renin-angiotensin II (Ang II) system by AT1 blockers (ARBs) and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors retards the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) by reducing albuminuria/proteinuria. However, many patients with CKD suffer from residual albuminuria/proteinuria, which is an independent risk factor for CKD progression. The aim of the current study is to investigate the effect of pitavastatin, one of the adjunctive agents to ARBs, on the reduction of albuminuria/proteinuria and further renoprotection mediated by telmisartan in spontaneously hypertensive rats...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242176/2017-taiwan-lipid-guidelines-for-high-risk-patients
#14
REVIEW
Yi-Heng Li, Kwo-Chang Ueng, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Min-Ji Charng, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Kuo-Liong Chien, Chih-Yuan Wang, Ting-Hsing Chao, Ping-Yen Liu, Cheng-Huang Su, Shih-Chieh Chien, Chia-Wei Liou, Sung-Chun Tang, Chun-Chuan Lee, Tse-Ya Yu, Jaw-Wen Chen, Chau-Chung Wu, Hung-I Yeh
In Taiwan, the prevalence of hyperlipidemia increased due to lifestyle and dietary habit changes. Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) are all significant predicting factors of coronary artery disease in Taiwan. We recognized that lipid control is especially important in patients with existed atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD), including coronary artery disease (CAD), ischemic stroke and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Because the risk of ASCVD is high in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic kidney disease (CKD) and familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), lipid control is also necessary in these patients...
February 24, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223836/dyslipidemia-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-etiology-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Ivana Mikolasevic, Marta Žutelija, Vojko Mavrinac, Lidija Orlic
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), including those with end-stage renal disease, treated with dialysis, or renal transplant recipients have an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Dyslipidemia, often present in this patient population, is an important risk factor for CVD development. Specific quantitative and qualitative changes are seen at different stages of renal impairment and are associated with the degree of glomerular filtration rate declining. Patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD have low high-density lipoproteins (HDL), normal or low total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, increased triglycerides as well as increased apolipoprotein B (apoB), lipoprotein(a) (Lp (a)), intermediate- and very-low-density lipoprotein (IDL, VLDL; "remnant particles"), and small dense LDL particles...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182761/kidney-function-and-specific-mortality-in-60-80-years-old-post-myocardial-infarction-patients-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#16
Ellen K Hoogeveen, Johanna M Geleijnse, Erik J Giltay, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Janette de Goede, Linda M Oude Griep, Theo Stijnen, Daan Kromhout
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent among older post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. It is not known whether CKD is an independent risk factor for mortality in older post-MI patients with optimal cardiovascular drug-treatment. Therefore, we studied the relation between kidney function and all-cause and specific mortality among older post-MI patients, without severe heart failure, who are treated with state-of-the-art pharmacotherapy. From 2002-2006, 4,561 Dutch post-MI patients were enrolled and followed until death or January 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181057/lipoprotein-a-in-nephrological-patients
#17
REVIEW
Bernd Hohenstein
In contrast to existing EAS/ESC guidelines on the management of lipid disorders, current recommendations from nephrological societies are very conservative and restrictive with respect to any escalation of lipid lowering/statin therapy. Furthermore, lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) - an established cardiovascular risk factor - has not even been mentioned. While a number of retrospective and prospective studies suggested that Lp(a) has relevant predictive value and might have - at least in stage-3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) - the same negative effects if draged along in non-CKD patients, there is no guidance on diagnostic or therapeutic procedures...
March 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114129/lipid-lowering-therapy-in-ckd-should-we-use-it-and-in-which-patients
#18
George A Kaysen
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is associated with a 15-fold increase in the risk of death and a 30-fold increase in the risk of cardiovascular events even prior to dialysis initiation, and this situation remains unchanged following the initiation of the dialysis procedure. Lipoprotein structure and function, especially the anti-oxidative properties of high-density lipoprotein, are altered. In this study, the effectiveness of lipid-lowering therapy on mortality and cardiovascular outcomes is explored...
2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081262/efficacy-of-statin-treatment-in-early-stage-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Eun Yeong Cho, Chana Myoung, Hong-Suk Park, Ae Jin Kim, Han Ro, Jae Hyun Chang, Hyun Hee Lee, Wookyung Chung, Ji Yong Jung
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) represents a major medical challenge and frequently coexists with cardiovascular disease (CVD), which can be treated by statin trerapy. However, whether statin treatment affects renal progression and outcomes in CKD patients remains unclear. We retrospectively reviewed CKD patients at Gachon University Gil Medical Center from 2003-2013. From a total of 14,497 CKD patients, 858 statin users were paired with non-users and analyze with propensity score matching was performed. The outcomes of this study were creatinine doubling, renal death, all-cause mortality, and interactive factors for composite outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056847/impact-of-diabetes-and-hypertension-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-receiving-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#20
Mao-Jen Lin, Chun-Yu Chen, Hau-De Lin, Han-Ping Wu
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a necessary procedure commonly performed for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the impact of diabetes and hypertension on long-term outcomes of patients after receiving PCI has not yet been determined. METHODS: The data of 1234 patients who received PCI were collected prospectively, and patients were divided into four groups, including patients with and without DM and those with either DM or hypertension alone...
January 5, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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