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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916673/pathophysiology-of-the-pericardium
#1
REVIEW
Brian D Hoit
Pericardial heart disease includes pericarditis, (an acute, subacute, or chronic fibrinous, noneffusive, or exudative process), and its complications, constriction, (an acute, subacute, or chronic adhesive or fibrocalcific response), and cardiac tamponade. The pathophysiology of cardiac tamponade and constrictive pericarditis readily explains their respective findings on clinical examination, Doppler echocardiography, and at cardiac catheterization. The primary abnormality of cardiac tamponade is pan-cyclic compression of the cardiac chambers by increased pericardial fluid requiring that cardiac chambers compete for a fixed intrapericardial volume...
December 1, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914378/toward-ocean-attenuation-tomography-determining-acoustic-volume-attenuation-coefficients-in-seawater-using-eigenray-amplitudes
#2
J D Tippmann, J Sarkar, C M A Verlinden, W S Hodgkiss, W A Kuperman
A deep-water experiment in the Pacific made in situ measurements of the volume attenuation coefficients of sea water in the mid-frequency range. The frequency, temperature, salinity, pH, and pressure dependent seawater attenuation coefficients were determined using a vertical line array that received and identified over 2000 unique paths from 1200 mid-frequency 3-9 kHz LFM source transmissions at a convergence zone range and depth up to 400 m. The results show no change in attenuation coefficients in this band compared to estimates from 30-year-old models previously determined from a combination of long-range ocean acoustic and laboratory experiments...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913831/high-transport-efficiency-of-nanoparticles-through-a-total-consumption-sample-introduction-system-and-its-beneficial-application-for-particle-size-evaluation-in-single-particle-icp-ms
#3
Shin-Ichi Miyashita, Hiroaki Mitsuhashi, Shin-Ichiro Fujii, Akiko Takatsu, Kazumi Inagaki, Toshiyuki Fujimoto
In order to facilitate reliable and efficient determination of both the particle number concentration (PNC) and the size of nanoparticles (NPs) by single-particle ICP-MS (spICP-MS) without the need to correct for the particle transport efficiency (TE, a possible source of bias in the results), a total-consumption sample introduction system consisting of a large-bore, high-performance concentric nebulizer and a small-volume on-axis cylinder chamber was utilized. Such a system potentially permits a particle TE of 100 %, meaning that there is no need to include a particle TE correction when calculating the PNC and the NP size...
December 2, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910605/fast-ion-d%C3%AE-spectrum-diagnostic-in-the-east
#4
Y M Hou, C R Wu, J Huang, W W Heidbrink, M G von Hellermann, Z Xu, Z Jin, J F Chang, Y B Zhu, W Gao, Y J Chen, B Lyu, R J Hu, P F Zhang, L Zhang, W Gao, Z W Wu, Y Yu, M Y Ye
In toroidal magnetic fusion devices, fast-ion D-alpha diagnostic (FIDA) is a powerful method to study the fast-ion feature. The fast-ion characteristics can be inferred from the Doppler shifted spectrum of Dα light according to charge exchange recombination process between fast ions and probe beam. Since conceptual design presented in the last HTPD conference, significant progress has been made to apply FIDA systems on the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). Both co-current and counter-current neutral beam injectors are available, and each can deliver 2-4 MW beam power with 50-80 keV beam energy...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910522/design-and-characterization-of-a-linear-hencken-type-burner
#5
M F Campbell, G A Bohlin, P E Schrader, R P Bambha, C J Kliewer, K O Johansson, H A Michelsen
We have designed and constructed a Hencken-type burner that produces a 38-mm-long linear laminar partially premixed co-flow diffusion flame. This burner was designed to produce a linear flame for studies of soot chemistry, combining the benefit of the conventional Hencken burner's laminar flames with the advantage of the slot burner's geometry for optical measurements requiring a long interaction distance. It is suitable for measurements using optical imaging diagnostics, line-of-sight optical techniques, or off-axis optical-scattering methods requiring either a long or short path length through the flame...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910362/a-novel-cost-effective-multi-point-thomson-scattering-system-on-the-pegasus-toroidal-experiment-invited
#6
D J Schlossberg, G M Bodner, M W Bongard, R J Fonck, J A Reusch, C Rodriguez Sanchez
A novel, cost-effective, multi-point Thomson scattering system has been designed, implemented, and operated on the Pegasus Toroidal Experiment. Leveraging advances in Nd:YAG lasers, high-efficiency volume phase holographic transmission gratings, and increased quantum-efficiency Generation 3 image-intensified charge coupled device (ICCD) cameras, the system provides Thomson spectra at eight spatial locations for a single grating/camera pair. The on-board digitization of the ICCD camera enables easy modular expansion, evidenced by recent extension from 4 to 12 plasma/background spatial location pairs...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905595/self-assembling-reactivity-and-molecular-dynamics-of-fullerenol-nanoparticles
#7
Milan Vraneš, Ivana Borišev, Aleksandar Tot, Stevan Armaković, Sanja Armaković, Danica Jović, Slobodan Gadžurić, Aleksandar Djordjevic
In this work structuring of water and insight into intermolecular interactions between water and fullerenol are studied throughout the process of forming nanoagglomerates at different temperatures applying both experimental and computational approaches. The obtained fullerenol nanoparticles (FNPs) are firstly characterized using dynamic light scattering, atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The density, electrical conductivity and dynamic viscosity of aqueous fullerenol solutions are measured in the temperature range of 293...
December 1, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903593/respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-detection-and-new-options-for-prevention-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Cameron Griffiths, Steven J Drews, David J Marchant
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is a significant cause of hospitalization of children in North America and one of the leading causes of death of infants less than 1 year of age worldwide, second only to malaria. Despite its global impact on human health, there are relatively few therapeutic options available to prevent or treat RSV infection. Paradoxically, there is a very large volume of information that is constantly being refined on RSV replication, the mechanisms of RSV-induced pathology, and community transmission...
January 2017: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903536/persistent-microvascular-obstruction-after-myocardial-infarction-culminates-in-the-confluence-of-ferric-iron-oxide-crystals-proinflammatory-burden-and-adverse-remodeling
#9
Avinash Kali, Ivan Cokic, Richard Tang, Alice Dohnalkova, Libor Kovarik, Hsin-Jung Yang, Andreas Kumar, Frank S Prato, John C Wood, David Underhill, Eduardo Marbán, Rohan Dharmakumar
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicates that persistent microvascular obstruction (PMO) is more predictive of major adverse cardiovascular events than myocardial infarct (MI) size. But it remains unclear how PMO, a phenomenon limited to the acute/subacute period of MI, drives adverse remodeling in chronic MI setting. We hypothesized that PMO resolves into chronic iron crystals within MI territories, which in turn are proinflammatory and favor adverse remodeling post-MI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Canines (n=40) were studied with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to characterize the spatiotemporal relationships among PMO, iron deposition, infarct resorption, and left ventricular remodeling between day 7 (acute) and week 8 (chronic) post-MI...
November 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895478/biosynthesis-characterization-and-evaluation-of-bioactivities-of-leaf-extract-mediated-biocompatible-silver-nanoparticles-from-an-early-tracheophyte-pteris-tripartita-sw
#10
Xavierravi Baskaran, Antony Varuvel Geo Vigila, Thangaraj Parimelazhagan, Doulathabad Muralidhara-Rao, Shouzhou Zhang
The objective of the study was to characterize silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) and their bioactivities in early tracheophytes (Pteridophyta). Aqueous leaf extract of a critically endangered fern, Pteris tripartita Sw., was used for one-step green synthesis of Ag-NPs. The biosynthesized Ag-NPs were characterized using ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894515/glycine-buffered-synthesis-of-layered-iron-ii-iron-iii-hydroxides-green-rusts
#11
Weizhao Yin, Lizhi Huang, Emil Bjerglund Pedersen, Cathrine Frandsen, Hans Christian B Hansen
Layered Fe(II)-Fe(III) hydroxides (green rusts, GRs) are efficient reducing agents against oxidizing contaminants such as chromate, nitrate, selenite, and nitroaromatic compounds and chlorinated solvents. In this study, we adopted a buffered precipitation approach where glycine (GLY) was used in the synthesis of sulfate-interlayered GR (GRSO4) by aerial oxidation of Fe(II) or co-precipitation by adding Fe(III) salt to an aqueous solution of Fe(II) at constant pH. In both the oxidation and the co-precipitation methods pure crystalline GRSO4 was precipitated in the presence of 70mM GLY (pH 8...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889156/survival-of-hepatitis-a-virus-and-aichi-virus-in-cranberry-based-juices-at-refrigeration-4%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c
#12
Snigdha Sewlikar, Doris H D'Souza
Viral foodborne illness continues to be a health-concern globally, with numerous fruit and juice outbreaks of Hepatitis A virus (HAV) reported worldwide. Aichi virus (AiV) is an emerging pathogen with limited epidemiological data. Both, HAV and AiV are resistant to low pH and can survive under adverse environmental conditions leading to transmission ease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the survival of HAV and AiV in commercially-available cranberry-based juices (Cranberry juice cocktail, CJ and a 100% juice with cranberry, MJ) over 21 days at refrigeration (4 °C)...
April 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888310/determination-of-trace-bisphenol-a-in-environmental-water-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-using-magnetic-reduced-graphene-oxide-based-solid-phase-extraction-coupled-with-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction
#13
Danping Li, Xiaoguo Ma, Rui Wang, Yumian Yu
Bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine-disrupting chemical, has received much attention from researchers and the general public. In this paper, a novel method of determining BPA at trace levels was developed, using magnetic reduced graphene oxide (rGO-Fe3O4)-based solid-phase extraction coupled with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME), followed by high-performance liquid chromatographic determination. The rGO-Fe3O4 was prepared and then characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometry...
November 25, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885028/direct-and-continuous-strain-control-of-catalysts-with-tunable-battery-electrode-materials
#14
Haotian Wang, Shicheng Xu, Charlie Tsai, Yuzhang Li, Chong Liu, Jie Zhao, Yayuan Liu, Hongyuan Yuan, Frank Abild-Pedersen, Fritz B Prinz, Jens K Nørskov, Yi Cui
We report a method for using battery electrode materials to directly and continuously control the lattice strain of platinum (Pt) catalyst and thus tune its catalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Whereas the common approach of using metal overlayers introduces ligand effects in addition to strain, by electrochemically switching between the charging and discharging status of battery electrodes the change in volume can be precisely controlled to induce either compressive or tensile strain on supported catalysts...
November 25, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883220/how-long-does-the-volumizing-effect-of-a-zingiber-officinale-based-lip-plumper-last
#15
Vittorio Mazzarello, Giuliana Solinas, Pasquale Bandiera, Valeria Pomponi, Gabriella Piu, Marco Ferrari, Andrea Montella
The vermilion zone of the lips (also called red lip or zone of Klein) has peculiar characteristics, different from the surrounding skin, which make it one of the most important parts of the lips. It can be considered a tactile organ, with an essential role in the body's anatomy and functions. Together with the lips, the vermilion zone represents one of the typical characteristics of mammals and its evolutionary appearance seems to be linked to the source of nutrition of these animals (especially breastfeeding), to the articulation of sounds, to their facial expression and to their sexual function...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883135/synthesis-of-mno2-nanoparticles-and-their-effective-utilization-as-uv-protectors-for-outdoor-high-voltage-polymeric-insulators-used-in-power-transmission-lines
#16
Dipankar Ghosh, Subhendu Bhandari, Dipak Khastgir
Polymeric outdoor insulators derived from polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) are replacing conventional ceramic insulators in high voltage power transmission lines because of their improved electrical, mechanical and hydrophobic performance. Major impediments like failure of polymeric insulators due to natural aging by UV radiation from sunlight and electrical tracking have limited their usage. Herein, it is demonstrated about the usage of manganese dioxide based nanoparticles as an effective agent to prevent the UV accelerated aging of polymeric insulators...
November 24, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882110/intermittent-fasting-is-neuroprotective-in-focal-cerebral-ischemia-by-minimizing-autophagic-flux-disturbance-and-inhibiting-apoptosis
#17
Ji Heun Jeong, Kwang Sik Yu, Dong Ho Bak, Je Hun Lee, Nam Seob Lee, Young Gil Jeong, Dong Kwan Kim, Jwa-Jin Kim, Seung-Yun Han
Previous studies have demonstrated that autophagy induced by caloric restriction (CR) is neuroprotective against cerebral ischemia. However, it has not been determined whether intermittent fasting (IF), a variation of CR, can exert autophagy-related neuroprotection against cerebral ischemia. Therefore, the neuroprotective effect of IF was evaluated over the course of two weeks in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia, which was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion (MCAO/R). Specifically, the role of autophagy modulation as a potential underlying mechanism for this phenomenon was investigated...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876872/experimental-investigation-into-the-oxidation-reactivity-and-nanostructure-of-particulate-matter-from-diesel-engine-fuelled-with-diesel-polyoxymethylene-dimethyl-ethers-blends
#18
Hao Yang, Xinghu Li, Yan Wang, Mingfei Mu, Xuehao Li, Guiyue Kou
This paper focuses on oxidation reactivity and nanostructural characteristics of particulate matter (PM) emitted from diesel engine fuelled with different volume proportions of diesel/polyoxymethylene dimethyl ethers (PODEn) blends (P0, P10 and P20). PM was collected using a metal filter from the exhaust manifold. The collected PM samples were characterized using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy. The TGA results indicated that the PM produced by P20 had the highest moisture and volatility contents and the fastest oxidation rate of solid carbon followed by P10 and P0 derived PM...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860545/mechanisms-and-medicines-for-remyelination
#19
Mark Bothwell
Demyelination of central nervous system axons, associated with traumatic injury and demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis, causes impaired neural transmission and ultimately axon degeneration. Consequently, extensive research has focused on signaling systems that promote myelinating activity of oligodendrocytes or promote production of new oligodendrocytes from oligodendrocyte progenitor cells. Many receptor systems, notably including growth factor receptors and G protein-coupled receptors, control myelination...
November 17, 2016: Annual Review of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857843/green-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-extract-of-parkia-speciosa-hassk-pods-assisted-by-microwave-irradiation
#20
Is Fatimah
This paper reports an investigation of the microwave-assisted synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) using extract of stinky bean (Parkia speciosa Hassk) pods (BP). The formation of Ag NPs was identified by instrumental analysis consists of UV-vis spectrophotometry, Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectrophotometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and particle size analysis. Furthermore, Ag NPs were used as antibacterial agents against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
November 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
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