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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815777/a-deficiency-of-the-link-protein-bral2-affects-the-size-of-the-extracellular-space-in-the-thalamus-of-aged-mice
#1
Michal Cicanic, Midori Edamatsu, Yoko Bekku, Ivan Vorisek, Toshitaka Oohashi, Lydia Vargova
Bral2 is a link protein stabilizing the binding between lecticans and hyaluronan in perineuronal nets and axonal coats (ACs) in specific brain regions. Using the real-time iontophoretic method and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance, we determined the extracellular space (ECS) volume fraction (α), tortuosity (λ), and apparent diffusion coefficient of water (ADCW ) in the thalamic ventral posteromedial nucleus (VPM) and sensorimotor cortex of young adult (3-6 months) and aged (14-20 months) Bral2-deficient (Bral2(-/-) ) mice and age-matched wild-type (wt) controls...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806678/the-sorptive-and-reductive-capacities-of-biochar-supported-nanoscaled-zero-valent-iron-nzvi-in-relation-to-its-crystallite-size
#2
Shengsen Wang, Yanxia Zhou, Bin Gao, Xiaozhi Wang, Xianqiang Yin, Ke Feng, Jun Wang
In this work, nZVI was immobilized by bamboo derived biochars (nZVI/BB), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) (nZVI/PBB) and nitric acid (HNO3) (nZVI/HBB) modified BB. H2O2 and HNO3 deceased surface area and pore volume of pristine biochars. Total iron (Fe) contents were 16.50, 24.40, and 13.08% for nZVI/BB, nZVI/PBB and nZVI/HBB, respectively. The X-ray diffraction revealed that nZVI in biochar matrix was dominantly metallic Fe coated with Fe oxides. The transmission electron microscopy indicated nZVI particle sizes were 41...
August 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805652/alloy-multilayers-and-ternary-nanostructures-by-direct-write-approach
#3
Fabrizio Porrati, Roland Sachser, Gian Carlo Gazzadi, Stefano Frabboni, Andreas Terfort, Michael Huth
The fabrication of nanopatterned multilayers, as used in optical and magnetic applications, is usually achieved by two independent steps, which consist in the preparation of multilayer films and in the successive patterning by means of lithography and etching processes. Here we show that multilayer nanostructures can be fabricated by using focused electron beam induced deposition (FEBID), which allows the direct writing of nanostructures of any desired shape with nanoscale resolution. In particular, [Co2Fe=Si]n multilayers are prepared by the alternating deposition from the metal carbonyl precursors, HFeCo3(CO)12 and Fe(CO)5, and neopentasilane, Si5H12...
August 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804839/platelet-function-analyzed-by-light-transmission-aggregometry
#4
Anne-Mette Hvas, Emmanuel J Favaloro
Analysis of platelet function is widely used for diagnostic work-up in patients with increased bleeding tendency. During the last decades, platelet function testing has also been introduced for evaluation of antiplatelet therapy, but this is still recommended for research purposes only. Platelet function can also be assessed for hyper-aggregability, but this is less often evaluated. Light transmission aggregometry (LTA) was introduced in the early 1960s and has since been considered the gold standard. This optical detection system is based on changes in turbidity measured as a change in light transmission, which is proportional to the extent of platelet aggregation induced by addition of an agonist...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804670/synthesis-and-characterization-of-mixed-iron-manganese-oxide-nanoparticles-and-their-application-for-efficient-nickel-ion-removal-from-aqueous-samples
#5
Alessandro Buccolieri, Antonio Serra, Giuseppe Maruccio, Anna Grazia Monteduro, Sanosh Kunjalukkal Padmanabhan, Antonio Licciulli, Valentina Bonfrate, Luca Salvatore, Daniela Manno, Lucio Calcagnile, Gabriele Giancane
Mixed iron-manganese oxide nanoparticles, synthesized by a simple procedure, were used to remove nickel ion from aqueous solutions. Nanostructures, prepared by using different weight percents of manganese, were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, selected area diffraction, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometry. Adsorption/desorption isotherm curves demonstrated that manganese inclusions enhance the specific surface area three times and the pores volume ten times...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800223/green-fabrication-of-silkworm-cocoon-like-silicon-based-composite-for-high-performance-li-ion-batteries
#6
Fei-Hu Du, Yizhou Ni, Ye Wang, Dong Wang, Qi Ge, Shuo Chen, Hui Ying Yang
Designing yolk-shell nanostructures is an effective way of addressing the huge volume expansion issue for large-capacity anode and cathode materials in Li-ion batteries (LIBs). Previous studies mainly focused on adopting a SiO2 template through HF etching to create yolk-shell nanostructures. However, HF etching is highly corrosive and may result in a significant reduction of Si content in the composite. Herein, a silkworm cocoon-like silicon-based composite is prepared through a green approach in which Al2O3 was selected as a sacrificial template...
August 17, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797669/a-practical-tool-for-estimating-subsurface-lnapl-distributions-and-transmissivity-using-current-and-historical-fluid-levels-in-groundwater-wells-effects-of-entrapped-and-residual-lnapl
#7
R J Lenhard, J L Rayner, G B Davis
A model is presented to account for elevation-dependent residual and entrapped LNAPL above and below, respectively, the water-saturated zone when predicting subsurface LNAPL specific volume (fluid volume per unit area) and transmissivity from current and historic fluid levels in wells. Physically-based free, residual, and entrapped LNAPL saturation distributions and LNAPL relative permeabilities are integrated over a vertical slice of the subsurface to yield the LNAPL specific volumes and transmissivity. The model accounts for effects of fluctuating water tables...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794994/laboratory-investigation-of-steam-transmission-in-unsaturated-clayey-soil-under-osmotic-potential
#8
Mehdi Jalili, Mahmoud Nikkhah Shahmirzadi, Mahdi Kaseb Hazrati, Hamed Ahmadi
Liquids coming from different sources like wastewaters, agricultural and industrial activities and leakages of chemical substances often have high concentration of chemical compositions and the osmotic gradient generated around such sources causes a considerable transmission of the Contamination. The steam transmitted by non-polluted soils moves to polluted masses, causing an increase in the volume of pollution zone and movement of pollutants. Therefore, such physical and chemical processes should be taken into account in pollution transmission models...
2017: MethodsX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794861/platelet-distribution-width-mean-platelet-volume-and-haematological-parameters-in-patients-with-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-and-p-vivax-malaria
#9
Elrazi A Ali, Tajeldin M Abdalla, Ishag Adam
BACKGROUND:  The association between the haematological profile (including abnormal platelets) and malaria is not completely understood. There are few published data on haematological profiles of malaria patients in areas with unstable malaria transmission. The current study was conducted to investigate if the haematological parameters, including platelet indices, were reliable predictors for microscopically-diagnosed malaria infection. METHODS: A case-control study with a total of 324 participants (162 in each arm) was conducted at the out-patient clinic of New Halfa hospital during the rainy and post rainy season (August 2014 through to January 2015)...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792685/sensitive-determination-of-typical-phenols-in-environmental-water-samples-by-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction-with-polyaniline-sio2-fe-as-the-adsorbents-before-hplc
#10
Qingxiang Zhou, Yongyong Yuan, Yalin Wu, Yongli Liu
A novel magnetic core-shell material polyaniline@SiO2@Fe (PANI@SiO2@Fe) has been successfully synthesized and investigated as an effective adsorbent for the magnetic solid-phase extraction of typical endocrine disrupting compounds such as bisphenol A, tetrabromobisphenol A and 4-nonylphenol from water samples. The morphology of the as-prepared PANI@SiO2@Fe was characterized by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The main parameters that influenced the enrichment performance such as the kind of eluent, amount of adsorbent, volume of eluent, adsorption time, elution time, ionic strength, pH, concentration of humic acid and sample volume were investigated...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789970/mitochondrial-fusion-fission-and-mitochondrial-toxicity
#11
Joel N Meyer, Tess C Leuthner, Anthony L Luz
Mitochondrial dynamics are regulated by two sets of opposed processes: mitochondrial fusion and fission, and mitochondrial biogenesis and degradation (including mitophagy), as well as processes such as intracellular transport. These processes maintain mitochondrial homeostasis, regulate mitochondrial form, volume and function, and are increasingly understood to be critical components of the cellular stress response. Mitochondrial dynamics vary based on developmental stage and age, cell type, environmental factors, and genetic background...
August 5, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783095/a-study-on-ain-film-based-saw-attenuation-in-liquids-and-their-potential-as-liquid-ethanol-sensors
#12
Yong Wang, Zhonggui Xu, Yinshen Wang, Jin Xie
In this paper, we report attenuation characteristics of aluminum nitride (AIN) film-based surface acoustic waves (SAWs) in liquids and their potential as liquid ethanol sensors. An AIN film-based SAW resonator was fabricated for liquid sensing application. The fabricated SAW device had a Rayleigh wave mode at a resonant frequency of 147.1 MHz and a low temperature coefficient of frequency (TCF) of -21.7 ppm/K. The signal attenuation in the transmission line of the SAW device was presented when ethanol (ETH) droplets and deionized water (DIW) with different concentrations and volume (0...
August 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783079/an-ultra-low-power-turning-angle-based-biomedical-signal-compression-engine-with-adaptive-threshold-tuning
#13
Jun Zhou, Chao Wang
Intelligent sensing is drastically changing our everyday life including healthcare by biomedical signal monitoring, collection, and analytics. However, long-term healthcare monitoring generates tremendous data volume and demands significant wireless transmission power, which imposes a big challenge for wearable healthcare sensors usually powered by batteries. Efficient compression engine design to reduce wireless transmission data rate with ultra-low power consumption is essential for wearable miniaturized healthcare sensor systems...
August 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777299/ultrafast-and-slow-cholinergic-transmission-different-involvement-of-acetylcholinesterase-molecular-forms
#14
REVIEW
Yves Dunant, Victor Gisiger
Acetylcholine (ACh), an ubiquitous mediator substance broadly expressed in nature, acts as neurotransmitter in cholinergic synapses, generating specific communications with different time-courses. (1) Ultrafast transmission. Vertebrate neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) and nerve-electroplaque junctions (NEJs) are the fastest cholinergic synapses; able to transmit brief impulses (1-4 ms) at high frequencies. The collagen-tailed A12 acetylcholinesterase is concentrated in the synaptic cleft of NMJs and NEJs, were it curtails the postsynaptic response by ultrafast ACh hydrolysis...
August 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773956/pentaethylenehexamine-loaded-hierarchically-porous-silica-for-co%C3%A2-adsorption
#15
Changchun Ji, Xin Huang, Lei Li, Fukui Xiao, Ning Zhao, Wei Wei
Recently, amine-functionalized materials as a prospective chemical sorbent for post combustion CO₂ capture have gained great interest. However, the amine grafting for the traditional MCM-41, SBA-15, pore-expanded MCM-41 or SBA-15 supports can cause the pore volume and specific surface area of sorbents to decrease, significantly affecting the CO₂ adsorption-desorption dynamics. To overcome this issue, hierarchical porous silica with interparticle macropores and long-range ordering mesopores was prepared and impregnated with pentaethylenehexamine...
October 15, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773087/improved-gene-transfer-with-functionalized-hollow-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-of-reduced-cytotoxicity
#16
Zhengwen Zhan, Xiaoxu Zhang, Jiayuan Huang, Ying Huang, Zhengwei Huang, Xin Pan, Guilan Quan, Hu Liu, Lili Wang, And Chuanbin Wu
Gene therapy is a promising strategy for treatment of genetically caused diseases. Successful gene delivery requires an efficient carrier to transfer the desired gene into host cells. Recently, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) functionalized with 25 kD polyethyleneimine (PEI) were extensively used as gene delivery carriers. However, 25 kD PEI could significantly reduce the safety of the modified MSNs although it is efficient for intracellular delivery of nucleic acids. In addition, limited drug loading remains a challenge for conventional MSNs drug carriers...
June 30, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772692/photocatalytic-water-splitting-for-o%C3%A2-production-under-visible-light-irradiation-using-ndvo%C3%A2-v%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-hybrid-powders
#17
Tzu Hsuan Chiang, Tso-Ming Chen
The study investigated photocatalytic water splitting for O₂ production under visible light irradiation using neodymium vanadium oxide (NdVO₄) and vanadium oxide (V₂O₅) hybrid powders. The results in a sacrificial agent of 0.01 M AgNO₃ solution were obtained, and the highest photocatalytic O₂ evolution was 2.63 μmol/h, when the hybrid powders were prepared by mixing Nd and V at a volume ratio of 1:3 at a calcination temperature of 350 °C for 1 h. The hybrid powders were synthesized by neodymium nitrate and ammonium metavanadate using the glycothermal method in ethylene glycol at 120 °C for 1 h...
March 23, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772490/effects-of-incorporating-high-volume-fly-ash-into-tricalcium-silicate-on-the-degree-of-silicate-polymerization-and-aluminum-substitution-for-silicon-in-calcium-silicate-hydrate
#18
Sungchul Bae, Rae Taylor, David Kilcoyne, Juhyuk Moon, Paulo J M Monteiro
This study assesses the quantitative effects of incorporating high-volume fly ash (HVFA) into tricalcium silicate (C₃S) paste on the hydration, degree of silicate polymerization, and Al substitution for Si in calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H). Thermogravimetric analysis and isothermal conduction calorimetry showed that, although the induction period of C₃S hydration was significantly extended, the degree of hydration of C₃S after the deceleration period increased due to HVFA incorporation. Synchrotron-sourced soft X-ray spectromicroscopy further showed that most of the C₃S in the C₃S-HVFA paste was fully hydrated after 28 days of hydration, while that in the pure C₃S paste was not...
February 4, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772482/photocatalytic-degradation-of-organic-dye-under-uv-a-irradiation-using-tio2-vetiver-multifunctional-nano-particles
#19
Le Thi Song Thao, Trinh Trung Tri Dang, Wilawan Khanitchaidecha, Duangdao Channei, Auppatham Nakaruk
The properties and photocatalytic performance of anatase nanoparticles of pure TiO₂ and a core-shell structure of TiO₂ on calcined vetiver grass leaves have been compared. Samples were fabricated by sol-gel and heating at 450 °C for 5h.The comparison was based on data for X-ray diffraction(XRD), UV-Vis spectrophotometry, photoluminescence, transmission electron microscopy, specific surface area measurement, pore volume assessment, and methylene blue degradation testing. The results showed that the pure TiO2 consisted of agglomerated equiaxed nanoparticles of individual grain sizes in the range 10-20 nm...
January 30, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770809/quantitative-analysis-of-the-interplay-between-inas-quantum-dots-and-wetting-layer-during-the-gaas-capping-process
#20
David Gonzalez, Verónica Braza, Antonio David Utrilla, Alicia Gonzalo, Daniel F Reyes, Teresa Ben, Alvaro Guzman, Adrian Hierro, José María Ulloa
A procedure to quantitatively analyse the relationship between the wetting layer (WL) and the quantum dots (QDs) as a whole in a statistical way is proposed. As we will show in the manuscript, it allows determining, not only the proportion of deposited InAs held in the WL, but also the average In content inside the QDs. First, the amount of InAs deposited is measured for calibration in three different WL structures without QDs by two methodologies: strain mappings in high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images and compositional mappings with ChemiSTEM X-ray energy spectrometry (EDS)...
August 3, 2017: Nanotechnology
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