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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330474/hypercholesterolemia-downregulates-autophagy-in-the-rat-heart
#1
Zoltán Giricz, Gábor Koncsos, Tomáš Rajtík, Zoltán V Varga, Tamás Baranyai, Csaba Csonka, Adrián Szobi, Adriana Adameová, Roberta A Gottlieb, Péter Ferdinandy
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that efficiency of ischemic conditioning is diminished in hypercholesterolemia and that autophagy is necessary for cardioprotection. However, it is unknown whether isolated hypercholesterolemia disturbs autophagy or the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathways. Therefore, we investigated whether isolated hypercholesterolemia modulates cardiac autophagy-related pathways or programmed cell death mechanisms such as apoptosis and necroptosis in rat heart...
March 23, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315674/dichotomy-between-receptor-interacting-protein-1-and-receptor-interacting-protein-3-mediated-necroptosis-in-experimental-pancreatitis
#2
Jianghong Wu, Tunike Mulatibieke, Jianbo Ni, Xiao Han, Bin Li, Yue Zeng, Rong Wan, Xingpeng Wang, Guoyong Hu
Pancreatic acinar cell necrosis and inflammatory responses are two key pathologic processes in acute pancreatitis (AP), which determines the severity and outcome of the disease. Recent studies suggest that necroptosis, a programed form of necrosis, is involved in the pathogenesis of AP, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. We investigated the expression of necrosome components, including receptor-interacting protein (RIP) 1, RIP3, and mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL), and the molecular mechanisms in pancreatitis-associated necroptosis...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297660/progesterone-prevents-high-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer-by-inducing-necroptosis-of-p53-defective-fallopian-tube-epithelial-cells
#3
Na-Yiyuan Wu, Hsuan-Shun Huang, Tung Hui Chao, Hsien Ming Chou, Chao Fang, Chong-Zhen Qin, Chueh-Yu Lin, Tang-Yuan Chu, Hong Hao Zhou
High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) originates mainly from the fallopian tube (FT) epithelium and always carries early TP53 mutations. We previously reported that tumors initiate in the FT fimbria epithelium because of apoptotic failure and the expansion of cells with DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) caused by bathing of the FT epithelial cells in reactive oxygen species (ROSs) and hemoglobin-rich follicular fluid (FF) after ovulation. Because ovulation is frequent and HGSOC is rare, we hypothesized that luteal-phase progesterone (P4) could eliminate p53-defective FT cells...
March 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293227/mlkl-mediated-necroptosis-accelerates-jev-induced-neuroinflammation-in-mice
#4
Peiyu Bian, Xuyang Zheng, Li Wei, Chuantao Ye, Hong Fan, Yanhui Cai, Ying Zhang, Fanglin Zhang, Zhansheng Jia, Yingfeng Lei
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is the most prevalent cause of viral encephalitis in Asia and the western Pacific. Neuronal death caused by JEV infection and inflammation induced cytotoxicity leads to progression and deterioration of Japanese encephalitis (JE). Mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) mediated necroptosis is a newly discovered pathway of programmed cell death and participates in many inflammatory diseases. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that necroptosis was involved in the neuronal loss during JE via immune-electron microscopy and immunochemistry...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292903/mouse-cytomegalovirus-m36-and-m45-death-suppressors-cooperate-to-prevent-inflammation-resulting-from-antiviral-programmed-cell-death-pathways
#5
Lisa P Daley-Bauer, Linda Roback, Lynsey N Crosby, A Louise McCormick, Yanjun Feng, William J Kaiser, Edward S Mocarski
The complex interplay between caspase-8 and receptor-interacting protein (RIP) kinase RIP 3 (RIPK3) driving extrinsic apoptosis and necroptosis is not fully understood. Murine cytomegalovirus triggers both apoptosis and necroptosis in infected cells; however, encoded inhibitors of caspase-8 activity (M36) and RIP3 signaling (M45) suppress these antiviral responses. Here, we report that this virus activates caspase-8 in macrophages to trigger apoptosis that gives rise to secondary necroptosis. Infection with double-mutant ΔM36/M45mutRHIM virus reveals a signaling pattern in which caspase-8 activates caspase-3 to drive apoptosis with subsequent RIP3-dependent activation of mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL) leading to necroptosis...
March 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292463/key-players-of-the-necroptosis-pathway-ripk1-and-sirt2-are-altered-in-placenta-from-preeclampsia-and-fetal-growth-restriction
#6
Natalie J Hannan, Sally Beard, Natalie K Binder, Kenji Onda, Tu'uhevaha J Kaitu'u-Lino, Qi Chen, Laura Tuohey, Manarangi De Silva, Stephen Tong
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia (PE) and fetal growth restriction (FGR) are among the leading causes of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Placental insufficiency is central to these conditions. The mechanisms underlying placental insufficiency are poorly understood. Apoptosis has long been considered the only form of regulated cell death, recent research has identified an alternate process of programmed cell death known as necroptosis [1]. Necroptosis is distinct from apoptosis, relying on the deacetylase sirtuin-2 [2], receptor interacting kinases RIPK1 and 3, and the pseudokinase MLKL [3]...
March 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289909/ripk1-ripk3-mlkl-mediated-necroptosis-contributes-to-compression-induced-rat-nucleus-pulposus-cells-death
#7
Songfeng Chen, Xiao Lv, Binwu Hu, Zengwu Shao, Baichuan Wang, Kaige Ma, Hui Lin, Min Cui
The aim of this study was to systematically investigate the role of necroptosis in compression-induced rat nucleus pulposus (NP) cells death, as well as explore the underlying mechanisms involved. Rat NP cells underwent various periods of exposure to 1.0 MPa pressure. Cell viability and cell death were quantified by using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), and Calcein-AM/propidium iodine (PI) staining respectively. Necroptosis-associated target molecules receptor-interacing protein kinase 1 (RIPK1), phosphorylated RIPK1 (pRIPK1), receptor-interacing protein kinase 3 (RIPK3), phosphorylated RIPK3 (pRIPK3) and mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL) were analyzed by Western-blot and RT-PCR...
March 13, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279333/dai-another-way-necroptotic-control-of-viral-infection
#8
Jason W Upton, William J Kaiser
Interrogation of murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV)-encoded cell-death suppressors revealed that necroptosis functions as a trap door to eliminate virally infected cells. This crucial host defense pathway is orchestrated by the sensing of infection by DAI/ZBP-1, engagement of the kinase RIPK3, and subsequent membrane permeablization by the pseudokinase MLKL.
March 8, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267172/discovery-of-a-new-class-of-highly-potent-necroptosis-inhibitors-targeting-the-mixed-lineage-kinase-domain-like-protein
#9
Bo Yan, Lei Liu, Shaoqiang Huang, Yan Ren, Huayi Wang, Zhenglin Yao, Lin Li, She Chen, Xiaodong Wang, Zhiyuan Zhang
We report the development of novel Mixed Lineage Kinase Domain-Like protein (MLKL) inhibitors with single nanomolar potency (compound 15 is also named as TC13172). Using the converting biochemistry to chemistry activity-based protein profiling (BTC-ABPP) method, we were able to determine that the inhibitors covalently bind to Cysteine86 (Cys-86) of MLKL. This is the first example of the use of LC-MS/MS to identify the binding site of an MLKL inhibitor. The novel MLKL inhibitors provide powerful tools to study the biological function of MLKL and demonstrate that MLKL should be viewed as a druggable target...
March 7, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263777/necroptosis-modules-and-molecular-switches-with-therapeutic-implications
#10
REVIEW
Deepika Arora, Pradeep Kumar Sharma, Mohammed Haris Siddiqui, Yogeshwer Shukla
Among the various programmed cell death (PCD) pathways, "Necroptosis" has gained much importance as a novel paradigm of cell death. This pathway has emerged as a backup mechanism when physiologically conserved PCD (apoptosis) is non-functional either genetically or pathogenically. The expanding spectrum of necroptosis from physiological development to diverse patho-physiological disorders, including xenobiotics-mediated toxicity has now grabbed the attention worldwide. The efficient role of necroptosis regulators in disease development and management are under constant examination...
March 2, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258062/the-linear-ubiquitin-chain-assembly-complex-regulates-trail-induced-gene-activation-and-cell%C3%A2-death
#11
Elodie Lafont, Chahrazade Kantari-Mimoun, Peter Draber, Diego De Miguel, Torsten Hartwig, Matthias Reichert, Sebastian Kupka, Yutaka Shimizu, Lucia Taraborrelli, Maureen Spit, Martin R Sprick, Henning Walczak
The linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) is the only known E3 ubiquitin ligase which catalyses the generation of linear ubiquitin linkages de novo LUBAC is a crucial component of various immune receptor signalling pathways. Here, we show that LUBAC forms part of the TRAIL-R-associated complex I as well as of the cytoplasmic TRAIL-induced complex II In both of these complexes, HOIP limits caspase-8 activity and, consequently, apoptosis whilst being itself cleaved in a caspase-8-dependent manner. Yet, by limiting the formation of a RIPK1/RIPK3/MLKL-containing complex, LUBAC also restricts TRAIL-induced necroptosis...
March 3, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238799/inhibition-of-drp1-hyper-activation-is-protective-in-animal-models-of-experimental-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Fucheng Luo, Karl Herrup, Xin Qi, Yan Yang
Multiple Sclerosis (MS), a leading neurological disorder of young adults, is characterized by the loss of oligodendrocytes (OLs), demyelination, inflammation and neuronal degeneration. Here we show that dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), a mitochondrial fission protein, is activated in primary OL cells exposed to TNF-α induced inflammation or oxidative stress, as well as in EAE-immunized and cuprizone toxicity-induced demyelinating mouse models. Inhibition of Drp1 hyper-activation by the selective inhibitor P110 abolishes Drp1 translocation to the mitochondria, reduces mitochondrial fragmentation and stems necrosis in primary OLs exposed to TNF-α and H2O2...
February 24, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230861/ripk3-interactions-with-mlkl-and-camkii-mediate-oligodendrocytes-death-in-the-developing-brain
#13
Yi Qu, Jun Tang, Huiqing Wang, Shiping Li, Fengyan Zhao, Li Zhang, Q Richard Lu, Dezhi Mu
Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) death is a key contributor to cerebral white matter injury (WMI) in the developing brain. A previous study by our group indicated that receptor-interacting proteins (RIPs) are crucial in mediating necroptosis in developing neurons. However, whether this mechanism is involved in OPCs death is unclear. We aimed to explore the mechanisms of RIP-mediated oligodendrocytes (OLs) death in the developing brain. Oligodendrocytes necroptosis was induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation plus caspase inhibitor zVAD treatment (OGD/zVAD) in vitro...
February 23, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197335/caspase-8-not-so-silently-deadly
#14
REVIEW
Rebecca Feltham, James E Vince, Kate E Lawlor
Apoptosis is a caspase-dependent programmed form of cell death, which is commonly believed to be an immunologically silent process, required for mammalian development and maintenance of cellular homoeostasis. In contrast, lytic forms of cell death, such as RIPK3- and MLKL-driven necroptosis, and caspase-1/11-dependent pyroptosis, are postulated to be inflammatory via the release of damage associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). Recently, the function of apoptotic caspase-8 has been extended to the negative regulation of necroptosis, the cleavage of inflammatory interleukin-1β (IL-1β) to its mature bioactive form, either directly or via the NLRP3 inflammasome, and the regulation of cytokine transcriptional responses...
January 2017: Clinical & Translational Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179994/matrine-induces-rip3-dependent-necroptosis-in-cholangiocarcinoma-cells
#15
Beibei Xu, Minying Xu, Yuan Tian, Qiang Yu, Yujie Zhao, Xiong Chen, Panying Mi, Hanwei Cao, Bing Zhang, Gang Song, Yan-Yan Zhan, Tianhui Hu
The development of acquired resistance to pro-apoptotic antitumor agents is a major impediment to the cure of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Antitumor drugs inducing non-apoptotic cell death are considered as a new approach to overcome such drug resistance. Here, we reported for the first time that matrine-induced necroptosis in CCA cell lines, differing from its classical role to induce apoptosis in many other kinds of cancer cells. CCA cells under matrine treatment exhibited typical necrosis-like but not apoptotic morphologic change...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151480/ripk1-ripk3-promotes-vascular-permeability-to-allow-tumor-cell-extravasation-independent-of-its-necroptotic-function
#16
Kay Hänggi, Lazaros Vasilikos, Aida Freire Valls, Rosario Yerbes, Janin Knop, Lisanne M Spilgies, Kristy Rieck, Tvisha Misra, John Bertin, Peter J Gough, Thomas Schmidt, Carmen Ruiz de Almodòvar, W Wei-Lynn Wong
Necroptosis is an inflammatory form of programmed cell death requiring receptor-interacting protein kinase 1, 3 (RIPK1, RIPK3) and mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL). The kinase of RIPK3 phosphorylates MLKL causing MLKL to form a pore-like structure, allowing intracellular contents to release and cell death to occur. Alternatively, RIPK1 and RIPK3 have been shown to regulate cytokine production directly influencing inflammatory immune infiltrates. Recent data suggest that necroptosis may contribute to the malignant transformation of tumor cells in vivo and we asked whether necroptosis may have a role in the tumor microenvironment altering the ability of the tumor to grow or metastasize...
February 2, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151467/augmented-trophoblast-cell-death-in-preeclampsia-can-proceed-via-ceramide-mediated-necroptosis
#17
Liane Jennifer Bailey, Sruthi Alahari, Andrea Tagliaferro, Martin Post, Isabella Caniggia
Preeclampsia, a serious hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, is characterized by elevated ceramide (CER) content that is responsible for heightened trophoblast cell death rates via apoptosis and autophagy. Whether trophoblast cells undergo necroptosis, a newly characterized form of regulated necrosis, and the potential role of CER in this process remain to be established. Herein, we report that exposure of both JEG3 cells and primary isolated cytotrophoblasts to C16:0 CER in conjunction with a caspase-8 inhibitor (Q-VD-OPh) promoted necroptotic cell death, as evidenced by increased expression and association of receptor-interacting protein kinases RIP1 and RIP3, as well as phosphorylation of mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL) protein...
February 2, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130493/mlkl-activation-triggers-nlrp3-mediated-processing-and-release-of-il-1%C3%AE-independently-of-gasdermin-d
#18
Kimberley D Gutierrez, Michael A Davis, Brian P Daniels, Tayla M Olsen, Pooja Ralli-Jain, Stephen W G Tait, Michael Gale, Andrew Oberst
Necroptosis is a form of programmed cell death defined by activation of the kinase receptor interacting protein kinase 3 and its downstream effector, the pseudokinase mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL). Activated MLKL translocates to the cell membrane and disrupts it, leading to loss of cellular ion homeostasis. In this study, we use a system in which this event can be specifically triggered by a small-molecule ligand to show that MLKL activation is sufficient to induce the processing and release of bioactive IL-1β...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126382/complex-pathologic-roles-of-ripk1-and-ripk3-moving-beyond-necroptosis
#19
REVIEW
Kelby W Wegner, Danish Saleh, Alexei Degterev
A process of regulated necrosis, termed necroptosis, has been recognized as a major contributor to cell death and inflammation occurring under a wide range of pathologic settings. The core event in necroptosis is the formation of the detergent-insoluble 'necrosome' complex of homologous Ser/Thr kinases, receptor protein interacting kinase 1 (RIPK1) and receptor interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3), which promotes phosphorylation of a key prodeath effector, mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL), by RIPK3. Core necroptosis mediators are under multiple controls, which have been a subject of intense investigation...
March 2017: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125817/participation-of-necroptosis-in-the-host-response-to-acute-bacterial-pneumonia
#20
Danielle Ahn, Alice Prince
Common pulmonary pathogens, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus, as well as the host-adapted pathogens responsible for health care-associated pneumonias, such as the carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and Serratia marcecsens, are able to activate cell death through the RIPK1/RIPK3/MLKL cascade that causes necroptosis. Necroptosis can influence the pathogenesis of pneumonia through several mechanisms. Activation of this pathway can result in the loss of specific types of immune cells, especially macrophages, and, in so doing, contribute to host pathology through the loss of their critical immunoregulatory functions...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Innate Immunity
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