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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342683/white-grape-juice-elicits-a-lower-breath-hydrogen-response-compared-with-apple-juice-in-healthy-human-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jennifer Erickson, Qi Wang, Joanne Slavin
BACKGROUND: Diets low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPS) are used to manage symptoms in individuals with irritable bowel syndrome. Although effective at reducing symptoms, the diet can be complex and restrictive. In addition, there are still large gaps in the literature and many foods with unclear effects in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, like fruit juice. Although many fruits are allowable on a low-FODMAP diet, consumption of all fruit juice is generally cautioned due to the large fructose load contained in juice, regardless of the glucose concentration...
March 22, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341617/internet-delivered-health-interventions-that-work-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-evaluation-of-website-availability
#2
Mary Am Rogers, Kelsey Lemmen, Rachel Kramer, Jason Mann, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Due to easy access and low cost, Internet-delivered therapies offer an attractive alternative to improving health. Although numerous websites contain health-related information, finding evidence-based programs (as demonstrated through randomized controlled trials, RCTs) can be challenging. We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global systematic review and analyzing the availability of evidence-based Internet health programs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337931/utilizing-nutritional-genomics-to-tailor-diets-for-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-guide-for-upcoming-studies-and-implementations
#3
Dolores Corella, Oscar Coltell, George Mattingley, José V Sorlí, Jose M Ordovas
Personalized diets based on an individual's genome to optimize the success of dietary intervention and reduce genetic cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, is one of the challenges most frequently discussed in the scientific community. Areas covered: The authors gathered literature-based evidence on nutritional genomics and CVD phenotypes, our own results and research experience to provide a critical overview of the current situation of using nutritional genomics to tailor diets for CVD prevention and to propose guidelines for future studies and implementations...
March 24, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335418/food-insecurity-poor-diet-quality-and-suboptimal-intakes-of-folate-and-iron-are-independently-associated-with-perceived-mental-health-in-canadian-adults
#4
Karen M Davison, Lovedeep Gondara, Bonnie J Kaplan
BACKGROUND: To address nutrition-related population mental health data gaps, we examined relationships among food insecurity, diet quality, and perceived mental health. METHODS: Stratified and logistic regression analyses of respondents aged 19-70 years from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2 were conducted (n = 15,546). Measures included the Household Food Security Survey Module, diet quality (i.e., comparisons to the Dietary Reference Intakes, Healthy Eating Index), perceived mental health (poor versus good), sociodemographics, and smoking...
March 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330702/-exploratory-population-study-of-overweight-and-obese-subjects-perceptions-searching-for-improved-management-practices
#5
C Crutze, B Pétré, N Dardenne, A-F Donneau, S Streel, A Albert, A Scheen, E Husson, M Guillaume
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are major public health problems of growing concern. Few studies have investigated the representations and perceptions of subjects with overweight and obesity, especially in the general population, as compared to people in a medical weight loss process. The objective of this study was to fill this gap by enabling participants to express their feelings and experience about their overweight, and to assess the extent of the body mass index (BMI) as a determinant of these perceptions...
March 19, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321633/dietary-intake-of-minerals-vitamins-and-trace-elements-among-geriatric-population-in-india
#6
Aakriti Gupta, Preetika Khenduja, Ravindra Mohan Pandey, Hem Chandra Sati, Nighat Yaseen Sofi, Umesh Kapil
The geriatric population is at a high risk of developing deficiencies of essential micronutrients such as minerals, vitamins, and trace elements and their related deficiency signs and symptoms. Scarce data is available on the dietary intake of essential micronutrients among geriatric subjects in India. Hence, to fill the gap in the existing knowledge, a community-based cross-sectional study was conducted during 2015-2016 in District Nainital, Uttarakhand State, India. A total of 255 geriatric subjects were enrolled from 30 clusters (villages) identified by using population proportionate to size sampling methodology...
March 20, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321211/first-foods-and-gut-microbes
#7
Martin F Laursen, Martin I Bahl, Kim F Michaelsen, Tine R Licht
The establishment of the human gut microbiota in early life has been associated with later health and disease. During the 1st months after birth, the microbial composition in the gut is known to be affected by the mode of delivery, use of antibiotics, geographical location and type of feeding (breast/formula). Consequently, the neonatal period and early infancy has attracted much attention. However, after this first period the gut microbial composition continues to develop until the age of 3 years, and these 1st years have been designated "a window of opportunity" for microbial modulation...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299612/dietary-self-management-in-heart-failure-high-tech-or-high-touch
#8
REVIEW
Eloisa Colin-Ramirez, JoAnne Arcand, Justin A Ezekowitz
Dietary management of heart failure (HF) has largely been focused on sodium and fluid restrictions. Although safety and efficacy of these interventions in HF remain unclear, a daily sodium intake between 2000 and 3000 mg/day appears to be safe in these patients. Ongoing clinical research will inform on the safety and efficacy of a more restrictive sodium intake to less than 1500 mg/day. Data shows that routine fluid restriction in HF regardless of symptoms may be unnecessary; however, in patients with signs of congestion, fluid restriction to 2...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298279/the-potential-impact-of-animal-science-research-on-global-maternal-and-child-nutrition-and-health-a-landscape-review
#9
REVIEW
Jack Odle, Sheila K Jacobi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Russell V Anthony, Fuller W Bazer, Adam L Lock, Andrew C Serazin
High among the challenges facing mankind as the world population rapidly expands toward 9 billion people by 2050 is the technological development and implementation of sustainable agriculture and food systems to supply abundant and wholesome nutrition. In many low-income societies, women and children are the most vulnerable to food insecurity, and it is unequivocal that quality nutrition during the first 1000 d of life postconception can be transformative in establishing a robust, lifelong developmental trajectory...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291256/exercise-rescues-obese-mothers-insulin-sensitivity-placental-hypoxia-and-male-offspring-insulin-sensitivity
#10
Denise S Fernandez-Twinn, Geraldine Gascoin, Barbara Musial, Sarah Carr, Daniella Duque-Guimaraes, Heather L Blackmore, Maria Z Alfaradhi, Elena Loche, Amanda N Sferruzzi-Perri, Abigail L Fowden, Susan E Ozanne
The prevalence of obesity during pregnancy continues to increase at alarming rates. This is concerning as in addition to immediate impacts on maternal wellbeing, obesity during pregnancy has detrimental effects on the long-term health of the offspring through non-genetic mechanisms. A major knowledge gap limiting our capacity to develop intervention strategies is the lack of understanding of the factors in the obese mother that mediate these epigenetic effects on the offspring. We used a mouse model of maternal-diet induced obesity to define predictive correlations between maternal factors and offspring insulin resistance...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286500/diet-induced-obesity-does-not-alter-tigecycline-treatment-efficacy-in-murine-lyme-disease
#11
Helena Pětrošová, Azad Eshghi, Zoha Anjum, Nataliya Zlotnikov, Caroline E Cameron, Tara J Moriarty
Obese individuals more frequently suffer from infections, as a result of increased susceptibility to a number of bacterial pathogens. Furthermore, obesity can alter antibiotic treatment efficacy due to changes in drug pharmacokinetics which can result in under-dosing. However, studies on the treatment of bacterial infections in the context of obesity are scarce. To address this research gap, we assessed efficacy of antibiotic treatment in diet-induced obese mice infected with the Lyme disease pathogen, Borrelia burgdorferi...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273878/temporal-trends-in-dietary-macronutrient-intakes-among-adults-in-rural-china-from-1991-to-2011-findings-from-the-chns
#12
Chang Su, Jian Zhao, Yang Wu, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Yun Wang, Bing Zhang
Few studies have examined nutrition transitions among the rural population of China, even though half of the Chinese population (about 700 million) is living in rural China. To fill this research gap, we examined temporal trends in dietary macronutrient intakes in members of the Chinese rural population aged 18-60 years. The analysis used data from consecutive three-day dietary recalls, collected from the China Health and Nutrition Surveys (CHNS). Mixed-effect models were constructed to obtain adjusted means and to examine temporal trends after adjusting for intra-class correlation within clusters and covariates, including age, sex, geographical region, urbanicity, and income...
March 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261454/howler-monkey-foraging-ecology-suggests-convergent-evolution-of-routine-trichromacy-as-an-adaptation-for-folivory
#13
Amanda D Melin, Vishal Khetpal, Yuka Matsushita, Kaile Zhou, Fernando A Campos, Barbara Welker, Shoji Kawamura
Primates possess remarkably variable color vision, and the ecological and social factors shaping this variation remain heavily debated. Here, we test whether central tenants of the folivory hypothesis of routine trichromacy hold for the foraging ecology of howler monkeys. Howler monkeys (genus Alouatta) and paleotropical primates (Parvorder: Catarrhini) have independently acquired routine trichromacy through fixation of distinct mid- to long-wavelength-sensitive (M/LWS) opsin genes on the X-chromosome. The presence of routine trichromacy in howlers, while other diurnal neotropical monkeys (Platyrrhini) possess polymorphic trichromacy, is poorly understood...
March 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257123/unequal-distribution-of-overweight-adolescents-in-immigrant-rich-areas-analysis-of-disparities-among-public-and-private-school-students-in-shanghai-china
#14
Jianwei Shi, Duxun Tan, Huilin Xie, Beilei Yang, Rui Liu, Dehua Yu, Yuan Lu, Bing Mei, Zhaoxin Wang
Accelerated urbanization and rising immigration to the big cities in China has resulted in education policies that produce disparate treatment of immigrant and non-immigrant students. The two types of students frequently wind up in different types of junior high schools. However, there is little research on whether disparities exist between students in public and private schools with regard to overweight. This study aims to address this gap through a comparison of the overweight status of junior high school students in public and private schools in Shanghai and explore the possible reasons for the observed differences...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256680/-treatments-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-what-is-the-evidence-base-to-date
#15
S Cortese, R Rosello-Miranda
The evidence base from empirical studies is one of the elements, along with patients' preference and consideration of particular clinical state and circumstances, that should be taken into account in the process of clinical decision making. This paper provides an overview of the current evidence base for the treatment of attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), drawing on the results of the most recent meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials assessing the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of ADHD...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253872/midwestern-latino-caregivers-knowledge-attitudes-and-sense-making-of-the-oral-health-etiology-prevention-and-barriers-that-inhibit-their-children-s-oral-health-a-cbpr-approach
#16
Kimberly K Walker, E Angeles Martínez-Mier, Armando E Soto-Rojas, Richard D Jackson, Sarah M Stelzner, Lorena C Galvez, Gabriela J Smith, Miriam Acevedo, Laura Dandelet, Dulce Vega
BACKGROUND: Using community-based participatory research, the Health Protection Model was used to understand the cultural experiences, attitudes, knowledge and behaviors surrounding caries etiology, its prevention and barriers to accessing oral health care for children of Latino parents residing in Central Indiana. METHODS: A community reference group (CBPR) was established and bi-lingual community research associates were used to conduct focus groups comprised of Latino caregivers...
March 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249736/alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood-pharmacological-treatment-of-30-italian-patients
#17
Livia Pisciotta, Marcella Gherzi, Michela Stagnaro, Maria Grazia Calevo, Melania Giannotta, Maria Rosaria Vavassori, Edvige Veneselli, Elisa De Grandis
BACKGROUND: Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC) is a severe disorder. Several drugs have been administered as prophylaxis for paroxysmal attacks, however, no therapy is completely effective. METHODS: Our aim is to review the pharmacological data related to the prophylactic and acute treatment of a cohort of 30 patients (16M, 14F, age range 5-42years) and to correlate them with the clinical and genetic data collected through the Italian Biobank and Clinical Registry for AHC...
February 26, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241983/unraveling-the-metabolic-health-benefits-of-fasting-related-to-religious-beliefs-a-narrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Angeliki Persynaki, Spyridon Karras, Claude Pichard
Periodic fasting, under a religious aspect, has been adopted by humans for centuries as a crucial pathway of spiritual purification. Caloric restriction, with or without exclusion of certain types of food, is often a key component. Fasting varies significantly among different populations according to cultural habits and local climate conditions. Religious fasting in terms of patterns (continuous versus intermittent) and duration can vary from 1 to 200 d; thus, the positive and negative impact on health can be considerable...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223912/diet-induced-obesity-and-circadian-disruption-of-feeding-behavior
#19
REVIEW
Aurea Blancas-Velazquez, Jorge Mendoza, Alexandra N Garcia, Susanne E la Fleur
Feeding behavior shows a rhythmic daily pattern, which in nocturnal rodents is observed mainly during the dark period. This rhythmicity is under the influence of the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the main biological clock. Nevertheless, various studies have shown that in rodent models of obesity, using high-energy diets, the general locomotor activity and feeding rhythms can be disrupted. Here, we review the data on the effects of diet-induced obesity (DIO) on locomotor activity and feeding patterns, as well as the effect on the brain sites within the neural circuitry involved in metabolic and rewarding feeding behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219317/dietary-fiber-gap-and-host-gut-microbiota
#20
Meng Han, Ping Liu, Defa Li, Yuan Li, Xi Ma
Accumulating evidence are dramatically increasing access to the facts that the gut microbiota plays a pivotal role in host metabolism and health, which revealed the possibility of a plethora of associations between gut bacteria and human diseases. Several functional roles carried out by a major class of host's diet, such as fiber. Fiber is the main source of microbiota-accessible carbohydrate in the diet of humans. In modern diet, it is difficult to intake dietary fiber as enough as recommended standard. The low-fiber diet in the modern life, known as fiber gap, can trigger to a substantial depletion of the human gut microbiota diversity and beneficial metabolites...
February 20, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
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