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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153759/shared-heart-failure-knowledge-and-self-care-outcomes-in-patient-caregiver-dyads
#1
Julie T Bidwell, Melinda K Higgins, Carolyn M Reilly, Patricia C Clark, Sandra B Dunbar
BACKGROUND: Patient's knowledge about heart failure (HF) contributes to successful HF self-care, but less is known about shared patient-caregiver knowledge. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this analysis was to: 1) identify configurations of shared HF knowledge in patient-caregiver dyads; 2) characterize dyads within each configuration by comparing sociodemographic factors, HF characteristics, and psychosocial factors; and 3) quantify the relationship between configurations and patient self-care adherence to managing dietary sodium and HF medications...
November 15, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141975/dietary-strategies-to-reduce-environmental-impact-a-critical-review-of-the-evidence-base
#2
REVIEW
Bradley G Ridoutt, Gilly A Hendrie, Manny Noakes
The food system is a major source of environmental impact, and dietary change has been recommended as an important and necessary strategy to reduce this impact. However, assessing the environmental performance of diets is complex due to the many types of foods eaten and the diversity of agricultural production systems and local environmental settings. To assess the state of science and identify knowledge gaps, an integrative review of the broad topic of environment and diet was undertaken, with particular focus on the completeness of coverage of environmental concerns and the metrics used...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141967/yogurt-and-cardiometabolic-diseases-a-critical-review-of-potential-mechanisms
#3
REVIEW
Melissa Anne Fernandez, Shirin Panahi, Noémie Daniel, Angelo Tremblay, André Marette
Associations between yogurt intake and risk of diet-related cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) have been the subject of recent research in epidemiologic nutrition. A healthy dietary pattern has been identified as a pillar for the prevention of weight gain and CMDs. Epidemiologic studies suggest that yogurt consumption is linked to healthy dietary patterns, lifestyles, and reduced risk of CMDs, particularly type 2 diabetes. However, to our knowledge, few to no randomized controlled trials have investigated yogurt intake in relation to cardiometabolic clinical outcomes...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121831/functions-of-mhealth-applications-a-user-s-perspective
#4
David Smahel, Steriani Elavsky, Hana Machackova
The usage of mobile health (mHealth) applications is rapidly increasing. This research has been aimed mostly at reviewing existing mHealth apps and their functionality. However, studies from users' perspectives are rather scarce. This exploratory study addresses that gap and, using cross-sectional survey data, seeks to reveal the socio-demographic and individual characteristics of users who utilize specific functions of mHealth apps. The data were collected via an online survey through websites oriented toward eating habits, exercising, dieting, and weight loss...
November 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099606/comparison-of-nutrition-and-lung-function-outcomes-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-living-in-canada-and-the-united-states
#5
Christopher H Goss, Jenna Sykes, Sanja Stanojevic, Bruce Marshall, Kristofer Petren, Josh Ostrenga, Aliza Fink, Alexander Elbert, Bradley S Quon, Anne L Stephenson
RATIONALE: A 10-year gap in the median age of survival for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) was reported between patients living in Canada compared with the US. OBJECTIVES: Since both malnutrition and poor lung function are associated with an increased risk of mortality in CF, we investigated the temporal and longitudinal trends in lung function and nutrition between Canada and the US. METHODS: This cohort study used Canadian CF Registry and US CF Foundation Patient Registry data from 1990 to 2013...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097069/dose-related-ethanol-intake-cx43-and-nav1-5-remodeling-exploring-insights-of-altered-ventricular-conduction-and-qrs-fragmentation-in-excessive-alcohol-users
#6
Chung-Lieh Hung, Yu-Jun Lai, Po-Ching Chi, Liang-Chia Chen, Ya-Ming Tseng, Jen-Yuan Kuo, Cheng-I Lin, Yao-Chang Chen, Shing-Jong Lin, Hung-I Yeh
BACKGROUND: Chronic, excessive ethanol intake has been linked with various electrical instabilities, conduction disturbances, and even sudden cardiac death, but the underlying cause for the latter is insufficiently delineated. METHODS: We studied surface electrocardiography (ECG) in a community-dwelling cohort with moderate-to-heavy daily alcohol intake (grouped as >90g/day, ≤90g/day, and nonintake). RESULTS: Compared with nonintake, heavier alcohol users showed markedly widened QRS duration and higher prevalence of QRS fragmentation (64...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064578/a-diagnosis-and-treatment-gap-for-thiamine-deficiency-disorders-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
REVIEW
Bola Adamolekun, Laurent Hiffler
Staple diets that are deficient in thiamine can result in low body thiamine levels, which may be subclinical or may manifest as a thiamine-deficiency syndrome. In many communities in the developing countries of Africa, the staple diets of polished rice or processed cassava are deficient in thiamine, and thus the communities are at high risk for marginal or frank thiamine deficiency unless their diets are supplemented by other sources of thiamine, such as protein meals and vegetables. African communities with large numbers of individuals in low socioeconomic strata are more likely to subsist on a monotonous diet of rice or cassava with minimal or no protein supplementation and are therefore particularly at risk of thiamine-deficiency disorders...
October 24, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063419/understanding-cultural-influences-on-dietary-habits-in-asian-middle-eastern-and-latino-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-review-of-current-literature-and-future-directions
#8
REVIEW
Natalie Mora, Sherita Hill Golden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on evaluating and identifying gaps in the current literature regarding culturally specific dietary influences for patients with type 2 diabetes. As this topic has previously been examined in African American populations, we chose to focus on four other distinct populations (Hispanic, Middle Eastern, Western Pacific, South Asian). Given the rapid increase in global rates of type 2 diabetes and high rates of diabetes among certain ethnic groups, it is important to understand how culturally adapted strategies in diabetes management have been described in different regions and populations...
October 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052116/patients-knowledge-on-oral-anticoagulant-treatment-in-hungary
#9
Reka Viola, Helga Fekete, Ildiko Csoka
Background A key element for an effective and safe oral anticoagulant treatment (OAT) is to have the relevant information delivered to patients in an easy-to-understand way and thus have them apply this knowledge in their own therapy. Objective To assess knowledge about OAT, reveal knowledge gaps and identify at-risk patients in terms of limited knowledge about their anticoagulant therapy. Setting Community pharmacies in Hungary. Methods This descriptive cross-sectional study used a structured, validated, self-developed questionnaire to assess patients' knowledge about OAT...
December 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049329/rural-food-security-subsistence-agriculture-and-seasonality
#10
Kibrom T Sibhatu, Matin Qaim
Many of the world's food-insecure and undernourished people are smallholder farmers in developing countries. This is especially true in Africa. There is an urgent need to make smallholder agriculture and food systems more nutrition-sensitive. African farm households are known to consume a sizeable part of what they produce at home. Less is known about how much subsistence agriculture actually contributes to household diets, and how this contribution changes seasonally. We use representative data from rural Ethiopia covering every month of one full year to address this knowledge gap...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048726/trends-in-inequalities-in-child-stunting-in-south-asia
#11
Aditi Krishna, Iván Mejía-Guevara, Mark McGovern, Victor Aguayo, S V Subramanian
We analysed socio-economic inequalities in stunting in South Asia and investigated disparities associated with factors at the individual, caregiver, and household levels (poor dietary diversity, low maternal education, and household poverty). We used time-series analysis of data from 55,459 children ages 6-23 months from Demographic and Health Surveys in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan (1991-2014). Logistic regression models, adjusted for age, sex, birth order, and place of residency, examined associations between stunting and multiple types of socio-economic disadvantage...
October 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044647/epilepsy-and-astrocyte-energy-metabolism
#12
Detlev Boison, Christian Steinhäuser
Epilepsy is a complex neurological syndrome characterized by neuronal hyperexcitability and sudden, synchronized electrical discharges that can manifest as seizures. It is now increasingly recognized that impaired astrocyte function and energy homeostasis play key roles in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. Excessive neuronal discharges can only happen, if adequate energy sources are made available to neurons. Conversely, energy depletion during seizures is an endogenous mechanism of seizure termination. Astrocytes control neuronal energy homeostasis through neurometabolic coupling...
October 17, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042495/impact-of-dietary-resistant-starch-on-the-human-gut-microbiome-metaproteome-and-metabolome
#13
Tanja V Maier, Marianna Lucio, Lang Ho Lee, Nathan C VerBerkmoes, Colin J Brislawn, Jörg Bernhardt, Regina Lamendella, Jason E McDermott, Nathalie Bergeron, Silke S Heinzmann, James T Morton, Antonio González, Gail Ackermann, Rob Knight, Katharina Riedel, Ronald M Krauss, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Janet K Jansson
Diet can influence the composition of the human microbiome, and yet relatively few dietary ingredients have been systematically investigated with respect to their impact on the functional potential of the microbiome. Dietary resistant starch (RS) has been shown to have health benefits, but we lack a mechanistic understanding of the metabolic processes that occur in the gut during digestion of RS. Here, we collected samples during a dietary crossover study with diets containing large or small amounts of RS. We determined the impact of RS on the gut microbiome and metabolic pathways in the gut, using a combination of "omics" approaches, including 16S rRNA gene sequencing, metaproteomics, and metabolomics...
October 17, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040542/high-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-protection-in-higher-but-not-in-lower-socioeconomic-groups-prospective-findings-from-the-moli-sani-study
#14
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, George Pounis, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
Background: It is uncertain whether the cardiovascular benefits associated with Mediterranean diet (MD) may differ across socioeconomic groups. Methods: Prospective analysis on 18991 men and women aged ≥35 years from the general population of the Moli-sani cohort (Italy). Adherence to MD was appraised by the Mediterranean diet score (MDS). Household income (euros/year) and educational level were used as indicators of socioeconomic status. Hazard ratios (HR) were calculated by multivariable Cox proportional hazard models...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032864/dietary-variation-and-mechanical-properties-of-articular-cartilage-in-the-temporomandibular-joint-implications-for-the-role-of-plasticity-in-mechanobiology-and-pathobiology
#15
Matthew J Ravosa, Robert J Kane
Due to their nature as tissue composites, skeletal joints pose an additional challenge in terms of evaluating the functional significance of morphological variation in their bony and cartilaginous components in response to altered loading conditions. Arguably, this complexity requires more direct means of investigating joint plasticity and performance than typically employed to analyze macro- and micro-anatomical phenomena. To address a significant gap in our understanding of the plasticity of the mammalian temporomandibular joint (TMJ), we investigated the histology and mechanical properties of condylar articular cartilage in rabbits subjected to long-term variation in diet-induced masticatory stresses, specifically cyclical loading...
August 25, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032631/tools-to-improve-planning-implementation-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-complementary-feeding-programmes
#16
Juliawati Untoro, Rachel Childs, Indira Bose, Pattanee Winichagoon, Christiane Rudert, Andrew Hall, Saskia de Pee
Adequate nutrient intake is a prerequisite for achieving good nutrition status. Suboptimal complementary feeding practices are a main risk factor for stunting. The need for systematic and user-friendly tools to guide the planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of dietary interventions for children aged 6-23 months has been recognized. This paper describes five tools, namely, ProPAN, Optifood, Cost of the Diet, Fill the Nutrient Gap, and Monitoring Results for Equity System that can be used in different combinations to improve situation analysis, planning, implementation, monitoring, or evaluation approaches for complementary feeding in a particular context...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032630/risk-factors-of-poor-complementary-feeding-practices-in-pakistani-children-aged-6-23%C3%A2-months-a-multilevel-analysis-of-the-demographic-and-health-survey-2012-2013
#17
Muzi Na, Víctor M Aguayo, Mary Arimond, Christine P Stewart
Appropriate feeding practices are crucial for survival, growth, and development in childhood. This paper analyzes Pakistan's Demographic and Health Survey 2012-2013 to fill the knowledge gap in risk factors of poor complementary feeding practices in Pakistani children. Multilevel models were applied to fit the multistage cluster sample of 2,827 children aged 6-23 months from 489 communities. Introduction of solid, semi-solid, or soft foods (intro) was achieved in 67% infants aged 6-8 months. Among children aged 6-23 months, the proportion of children meeting minimum meal frequency, dietary diversity (MDD), and acceptable diet criteria were 63%, 22% and 15%, respectively...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032618/scaling-up-interventions-to-improve-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-india-what-will-it-take
#18
Rasmi Avula, Vanessa M Oddo, Suneetha Kadiyala, Purnima Menon
We assessed India's readiness to deliver infant and young child feeding (IYCF) interventions by examining elements related to policy, implementation, financing, and evidence. We based our analysis on review of (a) nutrition policy guidance and program platforms, (b) published literature on interventions to improve IYCF in India, and (c) IYCF program models implemented between 2007 and 2012. We find that Indian policies are well aligned with global technical guidance on counselling interventions. However, guidelines for complementary food supplements (CFS) need to be reexamined...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028270/critical-review-of-the-emerging-research-evidence-on-agricultural-biodiversity-diet-diversity-and-nutritional-status-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
Andrew D Jones
The declining diversity of agricultural production and food supplies worldwide may have important implications for global diets. The primary objective of this review is to assess the nature and magnitude of the associations of agricultural biodiversity with diet quality and anthropometric outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. A comprehensive review of 5 databases using a priori exclusion criteria and application of a systematic, qualitative analysis to the findings of identified studies revealed that agricultural biodiversity has a small but consistent association with more diverse household- and individual-level diets, although the magnitude of this association varies with the extent of existing diversification of farms...
October 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018347/mechanisms-of-the-testis-toxicity-induced-by-chronic-exposure-to-mequindox
#20
Qianying Liu, Zhixin Lei, Anxiong Huang, Qirong Lu, Xu Wang, Saeed Ahmed, Ihsan Awais, Zonghui Yuan
Mequindox (MEQ) is a synthetic antimicrobial agent widely used in China since the 1980s. Although the toxicity of MEQ is well recognized, its testis toxicity has not been adequately investigated. In the present study, we provide evidence that MEQ triggers oxidative stress, mitochondrion dysfunction and spermatogenesis deficiency in mice after exposure to MEQ (0, 25, 55, and 110 mg/kg in the diet) for up to 18 months. The genotoxicity and adrenal toxicity may contribute to sperm abnormalities caused by MEQ. Moreover, using LC/MS-IT-TOF analysis, two metabolites, 3-methyl-2-(1-hydroxyethyl) quinoxaline-N4-monoxide (M4) and 3-methyl-2-(1-hydroxyethyl) quinoxaline-N1-monoxide (M8), were detected in the serum of mice, which directly confirms the relationship between the N→O group reduction metabolism of MEQ and oxidative stress...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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