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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763722/lifestyle-determinants-of-healthy-ageing-in-a-mediterranean-population-the-multinational-medis-study
#1
Alexandra Foscolou, Emmanuella Magriplis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, George Soulis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Dimitra Tyrovola, Anna Polystipioti, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Akis Zeimbekis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Labros S Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: To evaluate modifiable, lifestyle risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among older adults, across ageing, in the Mediterranean area. METHODS: During 2005-2017, 3131 individuals from 26 Mediterranean islands of 5 countries, ≥65 years of age, were voluntarily enrolled. Anthropometrical, clinical and socio-demographic characteristics, dietary habits, lifestyle parameters were measured through standard procedures. Analyses were performed by year and across consecutive age groups of the participants...
May 12, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761582/blended-diets-for-gastrostomy-fed-children-and-young-people-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
Anne Breaks, Christina Smith, Steven Bloch, Sally Morgan
BACKGROUND: The present review aimed to identify what is known about the use of blended diets in gastrostomy fed children and young people (i.e. children and young people refers to those who are aged up to 25 years with special educational needs or a disability in accordance with Part 3 of the Children and Family Act 2014; within the review, the word children is used for simplicity but encompasses young people too) and to identify gaps in the literature on this topic to inform future research and policy...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757885/maximizing-your-nutrition-minute-bridging-nutritional-gaps-across-the-life-span
#3
Wendy L Wright, Kathleen M Zelman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Poor diet quality has been associated with increased mortality and an increased risk of chronic disease. Given the shortfalls in the typical American diet and the prevalence of nutrition-related chronic disease among US adults, the need for nutrition education is paramount. Nurse practitioners (NPs) are well placed to provide basic nutrition counseling but often face challenges to making this a reality. In a typical office visit, the time available to discuss diet and nutrition can be as little as one minute or less...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746344/nutritional-considerations-in-pediatric-pancreatitis-a-position-paper-from-the-naspghan-pancreas-committee-espghan-pancreas-working-group
#4
Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Aliye Uc, Steven L Werlin, A Jay Freeman, Miglena Georgieva, Danijela Jojkić - Pavkov, Daina Kalnins, Brigitte Kochavi, Bart G P Koot, Stephanie Van Biervliet, Jaroslaw Walkowiak, Michael Wilschanski, Veronique D Morinville
OBJECTIVES: Wide variations exist in how physicians manage the nutritional aspects of children affected by acute pancreatitis (AP), acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) and chronic (CP) pancreatitis. Better consensus for optimal management is needed. METHODS: This consensus statement on nutrition in pediatric pancreatic diseases was developed through a joint ESPGHAN-NASPGHAN working group that performed an evidence-based search of the literature on nutrition in AP, ARP, and CP with a focus on pediatrics...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737511/seasonal-variations-in-the-availability-of-fodder-resources-and-practices-of-dairy-cattle-feeding-among-the-smallholder-farmers-in-western-usambara-highlands-tanzania
#5
David Maleko, Wai-Tim Ng, George Msalya, Angello Mwilawa, Liliane Pasape, Kelvin Mtei
The aim of this study was to assess the seasonal effects on quantity and quality of fodder resources and associated utilization practices among smallholder dairy farmers in Western Usambara Highlands (WUHs) in Tanzania. The WUHs are among the major milk producing areas under smallholder dairy farming systems (SDFS) in Tanzania. Dry season fodder scarcity is a widespread problem affecting the East African SDFS and has been shown to contribute to over 40% reduction in milk yield. There is limited information with regard to seasonal fodder fluctuation and its effects on productivity of dairy cows in different landscape levels of Tanzania...
May 8, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726691/chronic-health-disparities-among-refugee-and-immigrant-children-in-canada
#6
Ginny Lane, Marwa Farag, Judy White, Christine Nisbet, Hassan Vatanparast
There are knowledge gaps related to understanding the development of chronic disease risks in children, especially with regards to risk differentials experienced by immigrants and refugees. The Healthy Immigrant Children study employed a mixed-methods cross-sectional study design to characterize the health and nutritional status of 300 immigrant and refugee children aged 3-13 who had been in Canada for less than five years. We collected quantitative data on socio-economic status, food security, physical activity, diet, bone and body composition, and anthropometric measurements...
May 4, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725191/sistas-inspiring-sistas-through-activity-and-support-sistas-study-design-and-demographics-of-participants
#7
Malcolm Bevel, Oluwole A Babatunde, Sue P Heiney, Heather M Brandt, Michael D Wirth, Thomas G Hurley, Samira Khan, Hiluv Johnson, Cassandra M Wineglass, Tatiana Y Warren, E Angela Murphy, Erica Sercy, Amanda S Thomas, James R Hébert, Swann Arp Adams
Introduction: Recruiting racial, ethnic, and other underserved minorities into conventional clinic-based and other trials is known to be challenging. The Sistas Inspiring Sistas Through Activity and Support (SISTAS) Program was a one-year randomized controlled trial (RCT) to promote physical activity and healthy eating among AA women in SC to reduce inflammatory biomarkers, which are linked to increased breast cancer (BrCa) risk and mortality. This study describes the development, recruitment, and implementation of the SISTAS clinical trial and provides baseline characteristics of the study participants...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720930/national-nutrition-surveys-in-europe-a-review-on-the-current-status-in-the-53-countries-of-the-who-european-region
#8
Holly L Rippin, Jayne Hutchinson, Charlotte E L Evans, Jo Jewell, Joao J Breda, Janet E Cade
Objectives: The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the coverage of national nutrition surveys in the 53 countries monitored by the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe and identify gaps in provision, (2) to describe relevant survey attributes and (3) to check whether energy and nutrients are reported with a view to providing information for evidence-based nutrition policy planning. Design: Dietary survey information was gathered using three methods: (1) direct email to survey authors and other relevant contacts, (2) systematic review of literature databases and (3) general web-based searches...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720096/celiac-crisis-a-rare-and-profound-presentation-of-celiac-disease-a-case-report
#9
Elizabeth Ann Forrest, Mark Wong, Srinivasa Nama, Siddharth Sharma
BACKGROUND: Celiac crisis is a life-threatening manifestation of celiac disease and is rare in adults, with only a handful of cases documented worldwide and mostly in children. CASE PRESENTATION: A profoundly emaciated 43-year-old female presented with profuse diarrhoea, shortness of breath, left leg swelling with ulceration and immobility (Body Mass Index (BMI) = 14.7 kg/m2 ). The patient had normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis (pH = 7.16) with persisting hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia...
May 2, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712711/medical-nutrition-education-training-and-competencies-to-advance-guideline-based-diet-counseling-by-physicians-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#10
REVIEW
Karen E Aspry, Linda Van Horn, Jo Ann S Carson, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Robert F Kushner, Alice H Lichtenstein, Stephen Devries, Andrew M Freeman, Allison Crawford, Penny Kris-Etherton
Growing scientific evidence of the benefits of heart-healthy dietary patterns and of the massive public health and economic burdens attributed to obesity and poor diet quality have triggered national calls to increase diet counseling in outpatients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease or risk factors. However, despite evidence that physicians are willing to undertake this task and are viewed as credible sources of diet information, they engage patients in diet counseling at less than desirable rates and cite insufficient knowledge and training as barriers...
April 30, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708088/nutrition-and-public-health-in-medical-education-in-the-uk-reflections-and-next-steps
#11
Jonathan Broad, Megan Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Doctors play an important role in the identification of nutritional disorders and as advocates for a healthy diet, and although the key tenets of good nutrition education for medical students have been discussed, reports on implementation are sparse. The present commentary responds to a gap in UK medical students' understanding of nutrition and public health and suggests ways to improve it. DESIGN: We review literature about nutrition education in medical schools and discuss a 6-week elective in public health nutrition for medical students...
April 30, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707388/risk-factors-and-co-morbidities-associated-with-changes-in-renal-function-among-antiretroviral-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-adults-in-south-africa-a-chart-review
#12
Shirelle Assaram, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Nombulelo P Magula
Introduction: Our systematic scoping review has demonstrated a research gap in antiretroviral treatment (ART) nephrotoxicity as well as in the long-term outcomes of renal function for patients on ART in South Africa. Bearing in mind the high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in South Africa, this is of great concern. Objectives: To determine the risk factors and co-morbidities associated with changes in renal function in HIV-infected adults in South Africa...
2018: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705078/therapist-s-practice-patterns-for-subsequent-fall-osteoporotic-fracture-prevention-for-patients-with-a-distal-radius-fracture
#13
Neha Dewan, Joy C MacDermid, Norma J MacIntyre, Ruby Grewal
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. INTRODUCTION: Multifactorial risk factor screening and treatment is needed for subsequent falls/osteoporotic fractures prevention (SFOFP), given the elevated risk among patients with distal radius fracture (DRF). PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The primary objective was to describe hand therapists' knowledge and clinical practice patterns for assessment, treatment, referral, and education with respect to SFOFP for patients with DRF older than 45 years...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701888/evaluating-gaps-in-care-of-malnourished-patients-on-general-medicine-floors-in-an-acute-care-setting
#14
Rachel Chambers, Joanna Bryan, Deanna Jannat-Khah, Emily Russo, Louise Merriman, Renuka Gupta
BACKGROUND: As described in detail in the literature, patients identified with malnutrition are at increased risk for poor clinical outcomes. Despite this knowledge, malnourished patients do not always receive optimal nutrition management while admitted into a hospital because of what we describe as gaps in care throughout their admission. We hypothesized that the 3 main gaps in care were poor dietitian-doctor communication, excessive time spent nil per os (NPO) for procedures and testing, and/or inaccurate or incomplete dietary discharge instructions...
April 27, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700945/nutrition-fat-facts-are-not-common-knowledge
#15
Cathy M Harbury, Robin Callister, Clare E Collins
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Individuals who are knowledgeable about nutrition are more likely to eat healthily. Yet, few studies have investigated levels of nutrition knowledge using a validated tool. The present study measured nutrition knowledge using the Re-examined General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire (R-GNKQ) to confirm influencing demographic characteristics. METHODS: Adults aged 18-60 years were recruited. Nutrition knowledge was assessed using the R-GNKQ, examining four domains (dietary guidelines, sources of nutrients, choosing everyday foods, and diet-disease relationships) with 96 questions...
April 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696181/assessing-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-potential-effectiveness-of-a-behavioral-automaticity-focused-lifestyle-intervention-for-african-americans-with-metabolic-syndrome-the-pick-two-to-stick-to-protocol
#16
Heather Fritz, Aaron Brody, Philip Levy
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) significantly increases the risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Being physically active and eating a healthy diet can reduce MetS risk factors. Too frequently, however, studies report that the effects of interventions targeting those factors are not maintained once interventions are withdrawn. A potential solution to the problem is targeting behavioral automaticity (habit-development) to aid in initiation and maintenance of health-behavior changes...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679395/placental-adaptations-to-micronutrient-dysregulation-in-the-programming-of-chronic-disease
#17
Pierre Hofstee, Daniel McKeating, Anthony V Perkins, James S M Cuffe
Poor nutrition during pregnancy is known to impair foetal development and increase the risk of chronic disease in offspring. Both macronutrients and micronutrients are required for a healthy pregnancy although significantly less is understood about the role of micronutrients in the programming of chronic disease. This is despite the fact that modern calorie rich diets are often also deficient in key micronutrients. The importance of micronutrients in gestational disorders is clearly understood but how they impact long term disease in humans requires further investigation...
April 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678807/digital-inequalities-in-the-use-of-self-tracking-diet-and-fitness-apps-interview-study-on-the-influence-of-social-economic-and-cultural-factors
#18
Faustine Régnier, Louis Chauvel
BACKGROUND: Digital devices are driving economic and social transformations, but assessing the uses, perceptions, and impact of these new technologies on diet and physical activity remains a major societal challenge. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine under which social, economic, and cultural conditions individuals in France were more likely to be actively invested in the use of self-tracking diet and fitness apps for better health behaviors. METHODS: Existing users of 3 diet and fitness self-tracking apps (Weight Watchers, MyFitnessPal, and sport apps) were recruited from 3 regions of France...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669703/physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-diet-related-ehealth-and-mhealth-research-bibliometric-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Andre Matthias Müller, Carol A Maher, Corneel Vandelanotte, Melanie Hingle, Anouk Middelweerd, Michael L Lopez, Ann DeSmet, Camille E Short, Nicole Nathan, Melinda J Hutchesson, Louise Poppe, Catherine B Woods, Susan L Williams, Petra A Wark
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) approaches to address low physical activity levels, sedentary behavior, and unhealthy diets have received significant research attention. However, attempts to systematically map the entirety of the research field are lacking. This gap can be filled with a bibliometric study, where publication-specific data such as citations, journals, authors, and keywords are used to provide a systematic overview of a specific field...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668732/relationship-between-food-waste-diet-quality-and-environmental-sustainability
#20
Zach Conrad, Meredith T Niles, Deborah A Neher, Eric D Roy, Nicole E Tichenor, Lisa Jahns
Improving diet quality while simultaneously reducing environmental impact is a critical focus globally. Metrics linking diet quality and sustainability have typically focused on a limited suite of indicators, and have not included food waste. To address this important research gap, we examine the relationship between food waste, diet quality, nutrient waste, and multiple measures of sustainability: use of cropland, irrigation water, pesticides, and fertilizers. Data on food intake, food waste, and application rates of agricultural amendments were collected from diverse US government sources...
2018: PloS One
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