keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cadaver

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230622/restriction-of-cervical-intervertebral-movement-with-different-types-of-external-immobilizers-a-cadaveric-3d-analysis-study
#1
Micha Holla, Gerjon Hannink, Thomas G E Eggen, Robin A Daanen, Allard J F Hosman, Nico Verdonschot
STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric radiostereometric analysis study. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the ability of 5 commonly used immobilizers to restrict cervical spine movement, including intervertebral movement, in three directions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Evidence about the ability of many clinically used cervical immobilizers to restrict cervical movement is limited. Furthermore, their effect on intervertebral movement is unknown. METHODS: Radiographic inert beads were implanted in the cervical vertebral bodies of five fresh-frozen human cadavers...
February 22, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230539/polyenergetic-known-component-ct-reconstruction-with-unknown-material-compositions-and-unknown-x-ray-spectra
#2
Shiyu Xu, Ali Uneri, Akhil Khanna, Jeffrey Siewerdsen, Joseph Webster Stayman
Metal artifacts can cause substantial image quality issues in computed tomography. This is particularly true in interventional imaging where surgical tools or metal implants are in the field-of-view. Moreover, the region-of-interest is often near such devices which is exactly where image quality degradations are largest. Previous work on known-component reconstruction (KCR) has shown the incorporation of a physical model (e.g. shape, material composition, etc.) of the metal component into the reconstruction algorithm can significantly reduce artifacts even near the edge of a metal component...
February 23, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229186/anatomical-study-of-the-inferior-vesical-artery-is-it-specific-to-the-male-sex
#3
O Merigot de Treigny, M Roumiguie, R Deudon, G de Bonnecaze, L Carfagna, P Chaynes, J Rimailho, E Chantalat
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to clarify the origin of the inferior vesical artery and determine its existence in women. METHODS: This descriptive study is based on 25 dissections (6 male and 19 female cadavers). We dissected the internal iliac artery and its branches from the iliac bifurcation, bilaterally and comparatively. Each arterial branch supplying the bladder was identified and dissected as far as the bladder. RESULTS: In total, 50 topographies of the bladder vascularization were visualised...
February 22, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228296/morphometry-of-the-triangle-of-koch-and-position-of-the-coronary-sinus-opening-in-cadaveric-fetal-hearts
#4
Sharan Shanubhogue, Thuslima Mohamed, Nachiket Shankar
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to determine the variations in the position of the coronary sinus (CS) ostium in normal cadaveric fetal (28 weeks or more) hearts and to assess the impact that these variations had on the dimensions of the triangle of Koch (TK). METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on 28 fetal hearts. The dimensions and area of the TK were calculated by two methods, M1 (anatomical) and M2 (clinical). The position of the CS was defined with respect to the tendon of Todaro...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227640/hardness-map-of-human-meta-tarsals-and-phalanges-of-toes
#5
Irfan Manarvi, Irfan Manarvi, Irfan Manarvi
Predicting location of fracture in human bones has been a keen area of research for the past few decades. A variety of tests for hardness, deformation and strain field measurement have been conducted in the past; but considered insufficient due to various limitations. Researchers therefore have proposed further studies due to inaccuracies in measurement methods, testing machines and experimental errors. Advancement and availability of hardware, measuring instrumentation and testing machines can now provide remedies to these limitations...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220303/estimation-of-stature-from-femur-length-measured-using-computed-tomography-after-the-analysis-of-three-dimensional-characteristics-of-femur-bone-in-korean-cadavers
#6
Sookyoung Lee, Ho-Hyeon Gong, Jin-Young Hyun, Hyung-Nam Koo, Han-Young Lee, Nak-Eun Chung, Young-Shik Choi, Kyung-Moo Yang, Byung Ha Choi
Estimation of stature is a basic and important forensic procedure in identifying decomposed or skeletonized bodies. Due to advances in radiologic equipment, forensic science frequently uses computed tomography (CT) and software to apply these findings to investigations. Technical developments have increased the accuracy of the measurement of various bones. However, there are still some inaccuracies, such as defining correct landmarks in three-dimensional (3D) images. Femur length is frequently used for calculation of stature, but because it is a 3D structure, the digital image may not always correlate with the femur length measured with an osteometric board...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219268/the-artificial-world-of-plastination-a-challenge-to-religious-perspectives-on-the-dead-human-body
#7
David Gareth Jones
The public exhibitions of plastinated (preserved) and dissected human cadavers have proved exceedingly popular and also very contentious. However, there has been little in the way of sustained analysis of these exhibitions from a Christian angle. The technique of plastination enables whole bodies to be displayed as though standing and playing a variety of sports, and with 'life-like' facial expressions. In analyzing this phenomenon, the plastination procedure is outlined, and the degree of naturalness of the whole body plastinates assessed...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216836/reply-concerns-with-the-use-of-genelyn-cadavers-for-surgical-simulation
#8
Charles Yuen Yung Loh, Nigel Yong Boon Ng, Thanassi Athanassopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216835/concerns-with-the-use-of-genelyn-cadavers-for-surgical-simulation
#9
Tarak Agrebi Moumni Chouari, Karim El-Shakankery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215852/lingual-nerve-measurements-in-cadaveric-dissections-clinical-applications
#10
Somsak Sittitavornwong, Michael Babston, Douglas Denson, Steven Zehren, Jonathan Friend
PURPOSE: Lingual nerve (LN) injury is quite prevalent despite its long-known anatomic course. The purpose of this study was to accurately predict the LN pathway by identifying and measuring close anatomic landmarks; these measurements should help lessen the incidence of LN injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LN dissection was carried out on 15 halved cadaver skulls (total, 28 specimens). RESULTS: On average, the LN position was approximately 7 mm below the alveolar crest at the distal end of the mandibular second molar, 5...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214343/high-resolution-ultrasound-visualization-of-the-deep-branch-of-the-ulnar-nerve
#11
Georg Riegler, Doris Lieba-Samal, Peter C Brugger, Christopher Pivec, Hannes Platzgummer, Martin Vierhapper, Gabriela Muschitz, Suren Jengojan, Gerd Bodner
INTRODUCTION: The value of imaging the deep branch of the ulnar nerve (DBUN) over its entire course has not been clarified. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of visualizing the DBUN from its origin to the most distal point. METHODS: We performed high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) with high-frequency probes (18-22MhZ), HRUS-guided ink-marking, and consecutive dissection in 8 fresh cadaver hands. In both hands of 10 healthy volunteers (n=20), the cross-sectional area (CSA) was measured at 2 different locations (R1+R2)...
February 18, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213934/transverse-process-anatomy-as-a-guide-to-vertebral-artery-exposure-during-anterior-cervical-spine-approach-a-cadaveric-study
#12
Ali Nourbakhsh, Jinping Yang, Howard McMahan, Kim Garges
INTRODUCTION: Safe exposure of the vertebral artery (VA) is needed during resection of tumors close to the artery and during repair of lacerations. We defined the anatomy of the anterior root of each transverse process (TP) from C3 to C6 for identification and exposure of the VA during the anterior approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the anatomy of the TP and assessed two approaches for safe identification of the VA, lateral to medial and medial to lateral dissection of the TP, in 20 cadavers...
February 18, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212784/intraspinal-extradural-variations-of-nerve-roots
#13
Viktor Matejčík, Zora Haviarová, Andrej Šteňo, Roman Kuruc, Juraj Šteňo
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work is to point out the intraspinal extradural anatomical variations of nerve roots and their possible participation in radiculopathy. METHODS: The anatomical study was performed in 33 cadavers at a mean age of 46.5 and up to 24h from death. All extradural anastomoses between nerve roots were excised and examined histologically for the presence or absence of nervous tissue. The type of the plexus was defined by subtracting from the root C2...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210274/bilateral-tensor-fasciae-suralis-muscles-in-a-cadaver-with-unilateral-accessory-flexor-digitorum-longus-muscle
#14
Logan S W Bale, Sean O Herrin
Muscle variants are routinely encountered in the dissection laboratory and in clinical practice and therefore anatomists and clinicians need to be aware of their existence. Here we describe two different accessory muscles identified while performing educational dissection of a 51-year-old male cadaver. Tensor fasciae suralis, a rare muscle variant, was identified bilaterally and accessory flexor digitorum longus, a more common muscle variant, was present unilaterally. Tensor fasciae suralis and accessory flexor digitorum longus are clinically relevant muscle variants...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209340/ultrasound-guided-injection-for-de-quervain-s-disease-accuracy-and-its-influenceable-anatomical-variances-in-first-extensor-compartment-of-fresh-cadaver-wrists
#15
Jong Woo Kang, Jong Woong Park, Soon Hyuck Lee, Jong Hoon Park, Seung Bum Han, Si Young Park, Woong Kyo Jeong
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound-guided injection targeting EPB tendon sheath and influenceable anatomical variances to the accuracy in the first extensor compartment of fresh cadaver wrists. METHODS: Thirty wrists of 15 cadavers were used. The wrists were divided into right-sided wrists (control group) and left-sided wrists (group A) to compare the accuracy of the manual injection technique (control group) and ultrasound-guided injection technique (group A) targeting EPB tendon sheath...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208840/morphological-variations-of-the-thyroid-gland-among-the-people-of-upper-assam-region-of-northeast-india-a-cadaveric-study
#16
Anjan Jyoti Rajkonwar, Giriraj Kusre
INTRODUCTION: The morphological variations of the thyroid gland have been reported from different parts of the world. The variations are due to remnant or non-specific development of the parts of the thyroid gland. Surgical operation of the thyroid gland has been the treatment of choice in various thyroid pathologies. Prior knowledge of the morphological variation is important to ensure better results from these surgical operations. AIM: To study the prevalence of morphological variations seen in the thyroid glands in the upper Assam region of Northeast India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208538/re-ectopic-penile-prosthesis-reservoir-placement-an-anatomic-cadaver-model-of-the-high-submuscular-technique
#17
Allen F Morey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207972/anatomical-study-of-the-inferior-patellar-pole-and-patellar-tendon
#18
M Edama, I Kageyama, M Nakamura, T Kikumoto, E Nakamura, W Ito, T Takabayashi, T Inai, H Onishi
In this study, detailed investigations of the shape of the inferior patellar pole, the site of the patellar tendon attachment, and the length and course of the patellar tendon were performed with the aim of examining the anatomical factors involved in the developmental mechanism of patellar tendinitis.  The investigation examined 100 legs from 50 cadavers. The inferior patellar pole was classified into three types: Pointed, Intermediate, and Blunt. The attachment of the patellar tendon to the inferior patellar pole was classified into two types: an anterior and a posterior...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207465/two-rare-variants-of-left-vertebral-artery
#19
Rajani Singh
Though the variations of vertebral artery are clinically asymptomatic yet abnormalities are of diagnostic importance either prior to vascular surgery in the neck region or in patients of intravascular diseases such as arteriovenous malformations or cerebral aneurysms. Therefore, the aim of the study is to bring out 2 variations in the configuration of vertebral artery and their clinical implication. During dissection of thorax of 2 female cadavers, 2 different variants of configurations of left vertebral arteries were observed...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205270/anatomical-insights-of-the-palmaris-brevis-muscle-for-clinical-procedures-of-the-hand
#20
Da-Hye Kim, Jung-Hee Bae, Hee-Jin Kim
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present study is to provide useful data for anatomists and clinicians by describing the topography of the palmaris brevis muscle, taking particular note of its morphology and distribution pattern of the nerve and artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-nine hands from adult cadavers were used in this study. Parameters with respect to the size, scale and location of the muscle were measured using a ultrasonography system, digital caliper and surgical microscope...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
keyword
keyword
24235
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"