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weight loss surgery, bariatric, roux-en-y, sleeve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613044/for-debate-should-bariatric-surgery-be-performed-in-children-and-adolescents-with-hypothalamic-obesity
#1
EDITORIAL
Sarka Stolbova, Marek Benes, Lenka Petruzelkova, Jan Lebl, Stanislava Kolouskova
Hypothalamic dysfunction leading to severe obesity is a serious long-term consequence of paediatric craniopharyngioma. It compromises quality of life, leads to long-term metabolic hazards, and may shorten life expectancy. Therefore, a proactive approach is required. Conventional treatment of hypothalamic obesity is difficult and hardly successful. Experience with bariatric surgery is limited, especially in younger patients. Two retrospective studies recently reported on classic bariatric surgery in a small series of individuals after craniopharyngioma...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600616/utilization-of-body-contouring-procedures-following-weight-loss-surgery-a-study-of-37-806-patients
#2
Maria S Altieri, Jie Yang, Jihye Park, David Novikov, Lijuan Kang, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Andrew Bates, Mark Talamini, Aurora Pryor
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has substantial health benefits; however, some patients desire body contouring (BC) procedures following rapid weight loss. There is a paucity of data regarding the true rate of BC following bariatric procedures. The purpose of our study is to examine the utilization of two common procedures, abdominoplasty, and panniculectomy, following bariatric surgery in New York State. METHODS: The SPARCS longitudinal administrative database was used to identify bariatric procedures by using ICD-9 and CPT codes between 2004 and 2010...
June 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569358/revision-procedures-after-failed-adjustable-gastric-banding-comparison-of-efficacy-and-safety
#3
Pawan Chansaenroj, Lwin Aung, Wei-Jei Lee, Shu Chun Chen, Jung-Chien Chen, Kong-Han Ser
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) was one of the commonly performed bariatric operations; however, it carries a high revision rate. The aim of the present study was to report the long-term outcomes of LAGB and compare the outcomes between the different revision procedures. METHODS: All patients who underwent LAGB in a large bariatric center in Asia between May 2002 and April 2011 were included. Interval between primary LAGB to the revision operation, the reason and type of revision surgery were identified and analyzed...
May 31, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565892/metabolic-surgery-and-nutritional-deficiencies
#4
Christine Stroh, Thomas Manger, Frank Benedix
The increasing prevalence of morbid obesity in Germany is associated with an increasing number of metabolic surgical interventions. Short-term surgical and long-term metabolic complications such as nutrient deficiencies can be considered as the main risks of metabolic surgery with its malabsorptive but also restrictive procedures. The aim of this review is to characterize the most relevant metabolic complications specific for the various bariatric procedures, which, subsequently, require a permanent surveillance and supplementation, respectively...
May 30, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500419/bariatric-surgery-as-a-bridge-to-renal-transplantation-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#5
Shadi Al-Bahri, Tannous K Fakhry, John Paul Gonzalvo, Michel M Murr
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a relative contraindication to organ transplantation. Preliminary reports suggest that bariatric surgery may be used as a bridge to transplantation in patients who are not eligible for transplantation because of morbid obesity. SETTING: The Bariatric Center at Tampa General Hospital, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida. METHODS: We reviewed the outcomes of 16 consecutive patients on hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who underwent bariatric surgery from 1998 to 2016...
May 13, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493043/revisional-surgery-after-failed-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-retrospective-analysis-of-causes-results-and-technical-considerations
#6
Huseyin Yilmaz, Ilhan Ece, Mustafa Sahin
BACKGROUND: A failed laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) presents a challenging problem for bariatric surgeons. The aim of this study was to evaluate the indications, treatment strategies, and surgical outcomes of patients who underwent a revisional surgery after a failed LSG. METHODS: This retrospective study included the outcomes of 32 patients who required a revisional surgery from a series of 500 primary LSGs. The patients' demographic data, indications for revisional surgery, perioperative complications, and postoperative outcomes were recorded...
May 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477245/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-after-revisional-bariatric-surgery-following-a-failed-adjustable-gastric-band
#7
Alistair J Sharples, Vasileios Charalampakis, Markos Daskalakis, Abd A Tahrani, Rishi Singhal
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB)-related complications have been reported in significant numbers of patients often leading to band removal. Increasingly revisional bariatric surgery (RBS) is offered, most commonly either band to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (B-RYGB) or band to sleeve gastrectomy (B-SG). OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies to evaluate the efficacy of RBS following failed LAGB. METHODS: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library and NHS Evidence were searched for English language studies assessing patients who had undergone LAGB and who subsequently underwent either B-RYGB or B-SG...
May 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474319/quality-of-life-1%C3%A2-year-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-versus-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-randomized-controlled-trial-focusing-on-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#8
L Ulas Biter, Michiel M A van Buuren, Guido H H Mannaerts, Jan A Apers, Martin Dunkelgrün, Guy H E J Vijgen
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery is the only treatment option that achieves sustained weight loss in obese patients and that also has positive effects on obesity-related comorbidities. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) seems to achieve equal weight loss as laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), but there is still much debate about the quality of life (QOL) after LSG, mainly concerning the association with gastroesophageal reflux. Our hypothesis is that QOL after LSG is comparable with QOL after LRYGB...
May 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465866/kidney-stones-after-bariatric-surgery-risk-assessment-and-mitigation
#9
REVIEW
Pedro Mario Espino-Grosso, Benjamin Kirk Canales
Obesity is rampant across the spectrum of age, gender, and race in the Unites States. Paralleling this epidemic, kidney stone prevalence is also rising, affecting nearly 1 in 11 individuals. Bariatric surgical procedures, such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG), are the most effective weight loss options for morbidly obese or severely obese individuals with comorbidities. A number of studies have linked kidney stone development to bariatric surgical history, particularly RYGB, which portends up to a threefold increase in calcium oxalate stone risk compared with age-matched, obese controls...
March 1, 2017: Bariatric Surgical Practice and Patient Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465258/comparing-quality-of-life-outcomes-between-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-using-the-rand36-questionnaire
#10
Christina A W Macano, Sitaramachandra M Nyasavajjala, Alastair Brookes, Guillaume Lafaurie, Manel Riera
BACKGROUND: Obesity surgery is an effective treatment to improve the health of patients. There is a lack of data regarding weight loss surgery outcomes and effects on Quality of Life (QoL). This study aims to compare changes in QoL following either Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) or Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB). METHODS: SF36 questionnaires were mailed to all LSG and LRYGB patients who underwent surgery in 2013. Demographic data was obtained from hospital records...
June 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456511/different-effects-of-bariatric-surgical-procedures-on-dyslipidemia-a-registry-based-analysis
#11
Hadar Spivak, Nasser Sakran, Dror Dicker, Moshe Rubin, Itamar Raz, Tamy Shohat, Orit Blumenfeld
BACKGROUND: The scale and variables linked to bariatric surgery's effect on dyslipidemia have not been conclusive. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on dyslipidemia SETTING: National bariatric surgery registry. METHODS: Plasma lipids and associated variables were compared at baseline and 1 year (12±4 mo) after surgery for registry patients with dyslipidemia enrolled from June 2013 to August 2014...
March 23, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451931/predictive-value-of-gut-peptides-in-t2d-remission-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-metabolic-gastric-bypass-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-greater-curvature-plication
#12
Anna Casajoana, Jordi Pujol, Amador Garcia, Jordi Elvira, Nuria Virgili, Francisco Javier de Oca, Xavier Duran, Sonia Fernández-Veledo, Joan Vendrell, Nuria Vilarrasa
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to determine the predictive value of gut hormone changes for the improvement of type 2 diabetes (T2D) following metabolic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (mRYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and greater curvature plication (GCP) in a randomized controlled trial. Contradictory results have been obtained regarding the role of gastrointestinal hormones (in particular GLP-1) in beneficial metabolic bariatric surgery outcomes. METHODS: Forty-five patients with T2D (mean BMI 39...
April 27, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451928/a-comparison-of-the-bariatric-procedures-that-are-performed-in-the-treatment-of-super-morbid-obesity
#13
Kohei Uno, Yosuke Seki, Kazunori Kasama, Kotaro Wakamatsu, Akiko Umezawa, Katsuhiko Yanaga, Yoshimochi Kurokawa
BACKGROUND: We have experienced numerous cases of super morbid obesity (SMO), defined by a BMI of ≥50 kg/m(2), in which laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) was not able to achieve a sufficient weight loss effect. However, the most appropriate procedure for the treatment of SMO has not yet been established. METHODS: The subjects included 248 successive patients who underwent surgery at our hospital from June 2006 to December 2012. We divided the subjects into an SMO group (BMI, 50 to <70 kg/m(2)) and a morbid obesity (MO) group (BMI, 35 to <50 kg/m(2))...
April 27, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444860/aspirin-responsiveness-changes-in-obese-patients-following-bariatric-surgery
#14
Nicholas B Norgard, Scott V Monte, Stanley F Fernandez, Qing Ma
Bariatric surgery has emerged as a promising treatment option for weight loss and to counter the metabolic consequences of obesity. Obesity has been linked to a hyperaggregable state, as well as a blunted response to aspirin. This pilot study assessed the hypothesis that bariatric surgery would lead to an improvement in aspirin-induced platelet inhibition and a reduction in platelet aggregability. METHODS: Fifteen patients scheduled to undergo bariatric surgery were administered two 7-day courses of aspirin 81 mg: the first course administered before surgery and the second was 3 months following surgery...
April 26, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440518/-choice-of-bariatric-and-metabolic-surgical-procedures
#15
Hui Liang, Shibo Lin, Wei Guan
Bariatric and metabolic surgery has become the clinical hot topic of the treatment of metabolic syndromes including obesity and diabetes mellitus, but how to choose the appropriate surgical procedure remains the difficult problem in clinical practice. Clinical guidelines of American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery(ASMBS)(version 2013) introduced the procedures of bariatric and metabolic surgery mainly including biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch(BPD-DS), laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy(LSG)...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440515/-interpretation-of-the-international-joint-statement-on-metabolic-surgery-in-the-treatment-algorithm-for-type-2-diabetes
#16
Peng Zhang, Chengzhu Zheng
Along with the soaring prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) globally, metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) has been rapidly developing into a major surgical subspecialty. However, the indications, benefits and potential risks of MBS are still controversial so far. In September 2015, the 2nd Diabetes Surgery Summit (DSS-II() was successfully convened, and later on an international joint statement on metabolic surgery in the treatment algorithm for T2DM was released based upon the consensus reached in DSS-II(, aiming to serve as a new global clinical guideline...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438494/comparative-effectiveness-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-versus-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-for-weight-loss-and-safety-outcomes-in-older-adults
#17
Robert A Casillas, Benjamin Kim, Heidi Fischer, Jorge L Zelada Getty, Scott S Um, Karen J Coleman
BACKGROUND: Most bariatric studies in older adult patients have focused on older operations with limited follow-up and equivocal results. OBJECTIVES: To compare weight loss and safety in patients ages≥65 years undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). SETTING: Nine different bariatric surgery centers with 23 surgeons serving over 30,000 bariatric patients. METHODS: Participants were≥65 years who had a SG or LRYGB between January 1, 2010, and March 15, 2015...
March 23, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434196/role-of-gut-microbiota-bile-acids-and-their-crosstalk-in-the-effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes
#18
Haijun Liu, Cheng Hu, Xueli Zhang, Weiping Jia
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide and has become one of the greatest threats to global health. Bariatric surgery was initially designed to achieve weight loss and subsequently was noted to induce improvements or remission of type 2 diabetes. Currently, these bariatric operations such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the most effective procedures for the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus worldwide. However, the specific mechanism mediating the beneficial effects of metabolic surgery has remained largely unknown...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396129/bariatric-surgery-in-young-adults-a-multicenter-study-into-weight-loss-dietary-adherence-and-quality-of-life
#19
Marjolein M C de Jong, Chris Hinnen
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have demonstrated that bariatric surgery is an effective intervention for morbid obesity, but study samples are characterized by an underrepresentation of young adult patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate weight loss, dietary adherence, and quality of life (QoL) in a multicenter, young adult sample, in the first 6 years after bariatric surgery. SETTING: Four general hospitals in the Netherlands...
March 7, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392254/american-society-for-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-integrated-health-nutritional-guidelines-for-the-surgical-weight-loss-patient-2016-update-micronutrients
#20
Julie Parrott, Laura Frank, Rebecca Rabena, Lillian Craggs-Dino, Kellene A Isom, Laura Greiman
BACKGROUND: Optimizing postoperative patient outcomes and nutritional status begins preoperatively. Patients should be educated before and after weight loss surgery (WLS) on the expected nutrient deficiencies associated with alterations in physiology. Although surgery can exacerbate preexisting nutrient deficiencies, preoperative screening for vitamin deficiencies has not been the norm in the majority of WLS practices. Screening is important because it is common for patients who present for WLS to have at least 1 vitamin or mineral deficiency preoperatively...
January 19, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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