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veterinary medicine, dermatology

Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Amir Hasan Khan, Muhammad Adnan, Habib Ullah
BACKGROUND: The pastoral lifestyle of Indigenous communities of Bajaur Agency is bringing them close to natural remedies for treating their domestic animals. Several studies have been conducted across the globe describing the importance of traditional knowledge in veterinary care. Therefore, this study was planned with the aim to record knowledge on ethnoveterinary practices from the remote areas and share sit with other communities through published literature. METHODS: Data was gathered from community members through semi-structured interviews and analyzed through informant consensus factor (Fic) to evaluate the consent of current ethnoveterinary practices among the local people...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Jakub Rok, Dorota Wrześniok, Artur Beberok, Michał Otręba, Marcin Delijewski, Ewa Buszman
Oxytetracycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, used in dermatology and veterinary medicine. Like other tetracyclines, it may evoke skin phototoxic reactions related to generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Melanins are biopolymers synthesised in melanocytes - highly specialised cells, localised in the basal layer of epidermis. Production of melanin is a defence mechanism against harmful effects of UV radiation, ROS and many chemical substances, including drugs. In the present study the influence of oxytetracycline and UVA radiation on darkly pigmented melanocytes viability, the melanogenesis process and the activity of antioxidant enzymes were analysed...
April 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Mary van den Berg-Wolf, Thomas Burgoon
Background: In China, acupuncture has been used as a form of medical therapy for more than 2500 years. It is a part of traditional medical practice and is used to treat the entire spectrum of human and veterinary disease. Although dermatologic disease has received much less attention in worldwide acupuncture research than pain and musculoskeletal conditions, there is a growing body of evidence suggesting acupuncture's usefulness in this area. Objective: The aim of this article was to review the evidence in the literature regarding the usefulness of acupuncture in managing dermatologic illness...
October 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
Yuriy V Alekseev, Valentina D Rumyantseva, Anastasiya S Gorshkova, Anastasiya E Shchelkunova, Igor P Shilov, Andrey V Ivanov
Photodynamic therapy becomes a widely spread method due to cancer growth in the world. However, to detect tumors at early stages, it is necessary to carry out diagnostic measures in a timely manner. Our aim was to test the developed pharmaceutical composition, which can be used for external application in early fluorescent diagnostics even in the absence of visual changes, as well as for therapy effectiveness control. Pharmacokinetic studies on laboratory animals and volunteers were carried out. The results have shown that the dipotassium salt of Yb3+-dimethoxyhematoporphyrin IX, which is highly soluble in water and stable in storage, is a promising marker for earlier diagnostics of tumors and can be used in dermatology, dentistry, gynecology, cosmetology, ear, nose, and throat diseases, veterinary, and in other areas of medicine...
September 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Ji Eun Kim, Jung Hoon Nam, Joon Young Cho, Kil Soo Kim, Dae Youn Hwang
Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice have been widely used in various research fields including toxicology, oncology, pharmacology, and pharmaceutical product safety testing for decades. However, annual tendency of research papers involving ICR mice in various biomedical fields has not been previously analyzed. In this study, we examined the numbers of papers that used ICR mice as experimental animals in the social science, natural science, engineering, medicine-pharmacy, marine agriculture-fishery, and art-kinesiology fields by analyzing big data...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
Kathy Chu Tater, William Elliott Cole, Paul David Pion
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to continuing allergen-specific immunotherapy treatment (ASIT) may be an issue in veterinary medicine. No studies describe how allergen tests are used in general veterinary practice, including the percentage of patients that receive ASIT after allergen testing. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Assess veterinary ASIT patterns in United States general practices. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 2,557) and 121 cats allergen-tested at 177 hospitals (173 general practice and four specialty practices) in 44 states...
August 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
Stefano Caccavale, Diana Di Mattia, Eleonora Ruocco
Lately, the innovative concept of an immunocompromised cutaneous district (ICD) has been introduced to explain why a previously injured cutaneous site may become in time a privileged location for the onset of opportunistic infections, tumors, and immune reactions. The injuring events capable of rendering a skin region a potential ICD are various, numerous, and most of the time identifiable by means of a careful clinical history. The reason that only a small minority of injured skin areas actually becomes ICDs, with subsequent opportunistic localization of a second and unrelated skin disorder, is presently unknown...
September 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
Tosso Leeb, Eliane J Müller, Petra Roosje, Monika Welle
BACKGROUND: Molecular genetics has made significant advances in the analysis of hereditary dermatoses during the last several years. OBJECTIVES: To provide an update on currently available genetic tests for skin diseases of dogs, cats and horses, and to aid the veterinary clinician in the appropriate selection and applications of genetic tests. METHODS: The scientific literature on the topic was critically reviewed. The list of known causative variants for genodermatoses and hair morphology traits was compiled by searching the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) database...
February 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
Stephen D White, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Joanne Paul-Murphy, Michelle G Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) are popular companion animals with reported skin diseases, but most reports are accessed from textbooks or review articles. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To document skin diseases and their prevalence in companion guinea pigs in northern California, USA, and to investigate predilections for the most common conditions over a 25 year period. ANIMALS: Two hundred and ninety three guinea pigs from the hospital population met inclusion criteria...
October 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
Natascia Bruni, Maria Teresa Capucchio, Elena Biasibetti, Enrica Pessione, Simona Cirrincione, Leonardo Giraudo, Antonio Corona, Franco Dosio
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) represent a vast array of molecules produced by virtually all living organisms as natural barriers against infection. Among AMP sources, an interesting class regards the food-derived bioactive agents. The whey protein lactoferrin (Lf) is an iron-binding glycoprotein that plays a significant role in the innate immune system, and is considered as an important host defense molecule. In search for novel antimicrobial agents, Lf offers a new source with potential pharmaceutical applications...
June 11, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Tina Koch, Ralf S Mueller, Britta Dobenecker, Andrea Fischer
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurologic disorders in dogs and life-long treatment with antiepileptic drugs (AED) is frequently required. Adverse events of AED targeting the skin are only rarely reported in veterinary medicine and the true incidence and spectrum of cutaneous reactions in epileptic dogs remains unknown. In this study, we hypothesized that cutaneous reactions commonly occur in epileptic dogs and are related to AED treatment. A retrospective case review of 185 dogs treated for epilepsy identified 20...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Gagandeep Kaur, Victoria L Voith, Peggy L Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prescribing habits of a sample of small animal veterinarians pertaining to use of fluoxetine in dogs and cats. DESIGN: Exploratory descriptive survey using a questionnaire, available on paper and through email, distributed to small animal veterinarians by convenience sampling. PARTICIPANTS: Veterinarians practicing small animal medicine in North America contacted by email and at local veterinary meetings. RESULTS: Of 127 initial respondents, 106 prescribed fluoxetine for dogs and/or cats...
2016: Veterinary Record Open
Sunita Dashrath Bansod, Manisha Subrashrao Bawaskar, Aniket Krishnarao Gade, Mahendra Kumar Rai
Many scientists have focused their research on the role of nanotechnology for the control of human pathogens, but there are also many topical pathogens present in animals, which infect animals and transfer to humans. Topical therapy is extremely important for the management of dermatological condition in animals. Therefore, the present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of biogenic silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in combination with herbal oils against animal skin infections which may be responsible for causing infections in human beings...
August 2015: IET Nanobiotechnology
Karen K Ho, Karen L Campbell, Sidonie N Lavergne
BACKGROUND: Contact dermatitis (CD) is an inflammatory skin condition induced by direct contact with a specific chemical. Irritant CD (ICD) is a nonspecific inflammatory cutaneous reaction to an irritating agent. Allergic CD (ACD) is an immune-mediated antigen-specific skin reaction to an allergenic chemical. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: The biomedical literature (human, basic science, veterinary) was reviewed to evaluate the current state of knowledge regarding CD. RESULTS: The incidence of human CD remains unclear, but represents up to 90-95% of all occupational skin diseases...
October 2015: Veterinary Dermatology
Khalid Ahmad, Mushtaq Ahmad, Caroline Weckerle
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pastoralist tribal communities inhabit Thakht-e-Sulaiman hills since centuries. In this remote and geographically isolated area, local people mainly rely on their natural environment for ethnoveterinary care. The area is therefore of special interest for the documentation and analysis of ethnoveterinary plant use and efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Field work was conducted from 2010-2012 and 86 informants were interviewed. First, detailed unstructured interviews and group discussions were done with key informants, and second, successive oral freelisting and semi-structured interviews were performed...
July 21, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Roberto Ciarcia, Sara Damiano, Alessia Florio, Manuela Spagnuolo, Enza Zacchia, Caterina Squillacioti, Nicola Mirabella, Salvatore Florio, Ugo Pagnini, Tiziana Garofano, Maria Sole Polito, Giovambattista Capasso, Antonio Giordano
Cyclosporine A (CsA) is the prototype of immunosuppressant drugs that has provided new perspectives in human and veterinary medicine to prevent organ transplant rejection and to treat certain autoimmune diseases and dermatologic diseases. Unfortunately, the treatment with CSA is often limited by severe adverse effects such as hypertension and nephrotoxicity. Some data suggest that reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the oxidative stress play an important role in its pathogenesis, in particular the superoxide (O2 (-)) that is the most powerful free radical generated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase present mainly in the kidney...
September 2015: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
R Seebaluck, A Gurib-Fakim, F Mahomoodally
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acalypha is the fourth largest genus of the Euphorbiaceae family with approximately 450-570 species. Several Acalypha species are used as medicinal plants in Africa and in the Mascarene Islands. Almost every part of the plant including the leaves, stem and roots are used as traditional remedies to treat and manage a panoply of ailments. However, there is no updated compilation of traditionally important medicinal plants from the Acalypha genus. The present review therefore, endeavors to provide for the first time an updated compilation of documented ethnopharmacological information in relation to the ethnomedicinal, ethnoveterinary, zoopharmacognosy, phytochemistry and biological activities of medicinal plants from the Acalypha genus which can subsequently open new perspectives for further pharmacological research...
January 15, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Simona Gabrielli, Alessio Giannelli, Emanuele Brianti, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Massimiliano Bufalini, Maurizio Fraulo, Francesco La Torre, Rafael A N Ramos, Cinzia Cantacessi, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Gabriella Cancrini, Domenico Otranto
Despite the widespread distribution of Cercopithifilaria bainae among canine and tick populations worldwide, this filarioid is currently considered of 'minor importance' in veterinary medicine, particularly when compared to related filarioids, such as Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens. To date, only a single case of dermatological alterations possibly associated to infection by C. bainae had been reported in a dog. In the present study, we describe the first case of systemic alterations associated to C...
September 15, 2014: Veterinary Parasitology
Peter Forsythe, Sue Paterson
Ciclosporin is a lipophilic cyclic polypeptide with powerful immunosuppressive and immunomodulatory properties that has been used in veterinary medicine for two decades. It is a calcineurin inhibitor whose principal mode of action is to inhibit T cell activation. The drug is principally absorbed from the small intestine and is metabolised in the intestine and liver by the cytochrome P450 enzyme system. Ciclosporin is known to interact with a wide range of pharmacological agents. Numerous studies have demonstrated good efficacy for the management of canine atopic dermatitis and this has been a licensed indication since 2003...
March 2014: Veterinary Record
Paula A Schaffer, Bruce Wobeser, Michelle M Dennis, Colleen G Duncan
A retrospective study evaluated the clinical data and histologic features of non-neoplastic dermatologic lesions in skin biopsies from horses, donkeys, and mules submitted over a 10-year period to the Colorado State University Diagnostic Medicine Center and to the University of Saskatchewan Western College of Veterinary Medicine and Prairie Diagnostic Services. A total of 1793 non-neoplastic biopsies were available for analysis. Based on the histologic description and morphologic diagnosis, each submission was classified as inflammatory, or non-neoplastic/non-inflammatory...
March 2013: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
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