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Andrew F Leuchter, Aimee M Hunter, Felipe A Jain, Molly Tartter, Caroline Crump, Ian A Cook
Serotonin modulates brain oscillatory activity, and serotonergic projections to the thalamus and cortex modulate the frequency of prefrontal rhythmic oscillations. Changes in serotonergic tone have been reported to shift oscillations between the combined delta-theta (2.5-8 Hz) and the alpha (8-12 Hz) frequency ranges. Such frequency shifts may constitute a useful biomarker for the effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medications in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). We utilized quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) to measure shifts in prefrontal rhythmic oscillations early in treatment with either the SSRI escitalopram or placebo, and examined the relationship between these changes and remission of depressive symptoms...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Thibaut Aurore, Russo Cristina, Morales-Quezada Leon, Hurtado-Puerto Aura, Deitos Alícia, Steven Freedman, Carvalho Sandra, Fregni Felipe
Transcranial pulsed current stimulation (tPCS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) are two noninvasive neuromodulatory brain stimulation techniques whose effects on human brain and behavior have been studied individually. In the present study we aimed to quantify the effects of tDCS and tPCS, individually and in combination, on cortical activity, sensitivity and pain-related assessments in healthy individuals in order to understand their neurophysiological mechanisms and potential applications in clinical populations...
October 17, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Meenakshi Dauwan, Jessica J van der Zande, Edwin van Dellen, Iris E C Sommer, Philip Scheltens, Afina W Lemstra, Cornelis J Stam
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to build a random forest classifier to improve the diagnostic accuracy in differentiating dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) from Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to quantify the relevance of multimodal diagnostic measures, with a focus on electroencephalography (EEG). METHODS: A total of 66 DLB, 66 AD patients, and 66 controls were selected from the Amsterdam Dementia Cohort. Quantitative EEG (qEEG) measures were combined with clinical, neuropsychological, visual EEG, neuroimaging, and cerebrospinal fluid data...
2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
Claudio Babiloni, Alfredo Pennica, Paolo Capotosto, Paolo Onorati, Chiara Muratori, Stefano Ferracuti, Paolo Roma, Valentina Correr, Elisa Piccinni, Giuseppe Noce, Claudio Del Percio, Susanna Cordone, Cristina Limatola, Andrea Soricelli, Francesco Di Campli, Laura Gianserra, Lorenzo Ciullini, Antonio Aceti, Magdalena Viscione, Elisabetta Teti, Loredana Sarmati, Massimo Andreoni
OBJECTIVE: Cortical sources of electroencephalographic (EEG) rhythms were investigated in two sub-populations of naïve HIV subjects, grouped based on clinical criteria to receive different combination anti-retroviral therapies (cARTs). These EEG sources were hypothesized to reflect beneficial effects of both regimes. METHODS: Eyes-closed resting state EEG data were collected in 19 (Group A) and 39 (Group B) naïve HIV subjects at baseline (i.e. pre-treatment; T0) and after 5months of cART (T5)...
September 9, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
S R Clark, B T Baune, K O Schubert, S Lavoie, S Smesny, S M Rice, M R Schäfer, F Benninger, M Feucht, C M Klier, P D McGorry, G P Amminger
Current criteria identifying patients with ultra-high risk of psychosis (UHR) have low specificity, and less than one-third of UHR cases experience transition to psychosis within 3 years of initial assessment. We explored whether a Bayesian probabilistic multimodal model, combining baseline historical and clinical risk factors with biomarkers (oxidative stress, cell membrane fatty acids, resting quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)), could improve this specificity. We analyzed data of a UHR cohort (n=40) with a 1-year transition rate of 28%...
2016: Translational Psychiatry
Daniel Ferreira, Vesna Jelic, Lena Cavallin, Anne-Rita Oeksengaard, Jon Snaedal, Peter Høgh, Birgitte Bo Andersen, Mala Naik, Knut Engedal, Eric Westman, Lars-Olof Wahlund
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dementia biomarkers that are accessible and easily applicable in nonspecialized clinical settings are urgently needed. Quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) is a good candidate, and the statistical pattern recognition (SPR) method has recently provided promising results. We tested the diagnostic value of qEEG-SPR in comparison to cognition, structural imaging, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers. METHODS: A total of 511 individuals were recruited from the multicenter NORD EEG study [141 healthy controls, 64 subjective cognitive decline, 124 mild cognitive impairment, 135 Alzheimer's disease (AD), 15 dementia with Lewy bodies/Parkinson's disease with dementia (DLB/PDD), 32 other dementias]...
2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Laura Bonanni, Raffaella Franciotti, Flavio Nobili, Milica G Kramberger, John-Paul Taylor, Sara Garcia-Ptacek, N Walter Falasca, Francesco Famá, Ruth Cromarty, Marco Onofrj, Dag Aarsland
Quantitative EEG (QEEG) has demonstrated good discriminative capacity for dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) diagnosis as compared to Alzheimer's disease (AD) with a predictive value of 100% in a single cohort study. EEG in DLB was characterized by a dominant frequency (DF) in pre-alpha (5.5-7.5 Hz), theta, or delta bands and DF variability (DFV) >1.2 Hz, frequency prevalence (FP) pre-alpha in >40% and FP alpha in <32% of the epochs. To validate the aforementioned QEEG findings in independent cohorts of clinically diagnosed DLB versus AD patients, we analyzed EEG traces of 79 DLB and 133 AD patients (MMSE >20) collected from four European Centers...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Derya Guner, Bedile Irem Tiftikcioglu, Nilgun Tuncay, Yasar Zorlu
Cognitive dysfunction can emerge during the clinical course of Parkinson's disease (PD) even beginning in early stages, which requires extended neuropsychological tests for diagnosis. There is need for rapid, feasible, and practical tests in clinical practice to diagnose and monitor the patients without causing any discomfort. We investigated the utility of quantitative analysis of digital EEG (qEEG) for diagnosing subtle cognitive impairment in PD patients without evident cognitive deficits (ie, "normal cognition")...
August 3, 2016: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
Hiba A Haider, Rosana Esteller, Cecil D Hahn, M Brandon Westover, Jonathan J Halford, Jong W Lee, Mouhsin M Shafi, Nicolas Gaspard, Susan T Herman, Elizabeth E Gerard, Lawrence J Hirsch, Joshua A Ehrenberg, Suzette M LaRoche
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity of quantitative EEG (QEEG) for electrographic seizure identification in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Six-hour EEG epochs chosen from 15 patients underwent transformation into QEEG displays. Each epoch was reviewed in 3 formats: raw EEG, QEEG + raw, and QEEG-only. Epochs were also analyzed by a proprietary seizure detection algorithm. Nine neurophysiologists reviewed raw EEGs to identify seizures to serve as the gold standard...
August 30, 2016: Neurology
Anna-Sophie Rommel, Glenn L Kitsune, Giorgia Michelini, Georgina M Hosang, Philip Asherson, Gráinne McLoughlin, Daniel Brandeis, Jonna Kuntsi
While attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder (BD) denote distinct psychiatric conditions, diagnostic delineation is impeded by considerable symptomatic overlap. Direct comparisons across ADHD and BD on neurophysiological measures are limited. They could inform us on impairments that are specific to or shared between the disorders and, therefore, potential biomarkers that may aid in the identification of the diagnostic boundaries. Our aim was to test whether quantitative EEG (QEEG) identifies differences or similarities between women with ADHD and women with BD during resting-state and task conditions...
November 2016: Brain Topography
Guy Bogaarts, Erik Gommer, Danny Hilkman, Vivianne van Kranen-Mastenbroek, Jos Reulen
The Wada test is commonly used to evaluate language and memory lateralization in candidates for epilepsy surgery. The spatial Brain Symmetry Index (BSI) quantifies inter-hemispheric differences in the EEG. Its application has been shown to be feasible during Wada testing. We developed a method for the quantification of EEG asymmetry that matches visual assessments of the EEG better than BSI. Fifty-three patients' EEG data, with a total of 85 injections were analyzed. In a step-wise, data-driven manner, multiple electrode and frequency band combinations were evaluated...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Lucia Billeci, Alessandro Tonacci, Gennaro Tartarisco, Antonio Narzisi, Simone Di Palma, Daniele Corda, Giovanni Baldus, Federico Cruciani, Salvatore M Anzalone, Sara Calderoni, Giovanni Pioggia, Filippo Muratori
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are associated with physiological abnormalities, which are likely to contribute to the core symptoms of the condition. Wearable technologies can provide data in a semi-naturalistic setting, overcoming the limitations given by the constrained situations in which physiological signals are usually acquired. In this study an integrated system based on wearable technologies for the acquisition and analysis of neurophysiological and autonomic parameters during treatment is proposed and an application on five children with ASD is presented...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Silvana Markovska-Simoska, Nada Pop-Jordanova, Jordan Pop-Jordanov
In the last decade, many studies have tried to define the neural correlates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The main aim of this study is the comparison of the ERPs independent components in the four QEEG subtypes in a group of ADHD adults as a basis for defining the corresponding endophenotypes among ADHD population. Sixty-seven adults diagnosed as ADHD according to the DSM-IV criteria and 50 age-matched control subjects participated in the study. The brain activity of the subjects was recorded by 19 channel quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) system in two neuropsychological tasks (visual and emotional continuous performance tests)...
2016: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
Aneta Demerdzieva, Nada Pop-Jordanova
Frontal alpha asymmetry (the relative difference in power between two signals in different hemispheres) has been suggested as biomarker for anxiety. The goal of this study was to evaluate alpha asymmetry in the frontal region for young people (7-18 years) with generalized anxiety disorder, diagnosed according to two statistic manuals (DMS-IV-R and ICD-10), the medical history and the neuropsychological assessment. The QEEG recording and analysis of the obtained results from alpha spectra power and log of alpha spectra power are made in four conditions (eyes open, eyes closed, VCPT and ACPT)...
2015: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
Sarah S Farabi, David W Carley, Lauretta Quinn
OBJECTIVE: To determine the coupling between brain activity and glucose variations during sleep in young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: 27 participants, age 18-30, wore a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) and underwent in-laboratory overnight polysomnography (PSG). Quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG) metrics were determined from the PSG and included Delta, Theta, Alpha, Sigma, Beta and Gamma Band power at 5-min intervals. Wavelet Coherence Analysis was employed to determine the time varying and frequency specific coupling between glucose and EEG Band power...
August 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Shin Hye Kim, Ji Hye Jang, Sang-Yeon Lee, Jae Joon Han, Ja-Won Koo, Sven Vanneste, Dirk De Ridder, Jae-Jin Song
Although tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT) is efficacious in most patients, the exact mechanism is unclear and no predictor of improvement is available. We correlated the extent of improvement with pre-TRT quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) findings to identify neural predictors of improvement after TRT. Thirty-two patients with debilitating tinnitus were prospectively enrolled, and qEEG data were recorded before their initial TRT sessions. Three months later, these qEEG findings were correlated with the percentage improvements in the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) scores, and numeric rating scale (NRS) scores of tinnitus loudness and tinnitus perception...
2016: Scientific Reports
Robin E Luijmes, Sjaak Pouwels, Jacko Boonman
OBJECTIVES: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. In quantified EEG (qEEG), the AD patients have a greater amount of theta activity compared with normal elderly individuals. Little is known about the effect of neurofeedback in patients with dementia. The objective of this study was to examine whether neurofeedback has a positive effect on cognitive performance in patients with AD. METHODS: Ten patients with qEEG meeting criteria for AD received neurofeedback training...
June 2016: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
Sang-Choong Roh, Eun-Jin Park, Miseon Shim, Seung-Hwan Lee
BACKGROUND: Inattention is a common feature of major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) power of a specific band and inattention severity in patients with MDD. METHODS: EEG recordings of 73 patients with MDD were collected in during both eyes closed and eyes open conditions. Inattention was assessed by the inattention sub-scale of the Korean version of the Adult ADHD scale (K-AADHD)...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Jolanta Zielińska, Jolanta Góral-Półrola, Paweł Półrola, Maria Łuckoś, Juri D Kropotov, Maria Pąchalska
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the hyperactivity of the frontal lobes in a patient with obsessive-compulsive disorders. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old female met the diagnostic criteria of DSM-5 since her behaviour was characterized by a preoccupations with negative thoughts and by repetitive attempts to decrease or stop those behaviours. Two working hypotheses were tested to find neuromarkers of OCD and anxiety in the patient described. In agreement with the 'OCD hypothesis' an increase of the frontal beta activity and an increase of the parietalalpha activity pattern was found...
June 2, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
K Lapteva, O Sazonova, V Podlepich, E Troshina, I Savin, A Goryachev, E Sokolova, A Tyurina, V Vasil'chenko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
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