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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922295/spiritual-needs-of-patients-with-cancer-in-palliative-care-an-integrative-review
#1
Ana Cláudia Mesquita, Érika de Cássia Lopes Chaves, Guilherme Antônio Moreira de Barros
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The experience of a life crisis, such as the experience of end-of-life terminality whenever facing cancer can make the spiritual needs of patients clear. The goal of this revision was to synthesize the existing evidence regarding the spiritual needs of patients with cancer in palliative care. RECENT FINDINGS: An integrated revision of the literature was conducted regarding the database sources from PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS and Scopus, without publishing year restrictions...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919130/the-nuts-and-bolts-of-cognitive-remediation-exploring-how-different-training-components-relate-to-cognitive-and-functional-gains
#2
Matteo Cella, Til Wykes
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Remediation (CR) is an evidence based treatment targeting cognitive and functional difficulties in people with psychosis. Despite the large number of effectiveness studies, only limited evidence exists for the active ingredients of this therapy. This study begins to fill this gap by exploring the relationship between CR ingredients, including alliance with a therapist, and therapy outcomes. METHOD: This is a secondary analysis based on data from a published randomised controlled trial comparing CR+treatment-as-usual (TAU) to TAU alone...
September 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918290/in-situ-arsenic-oxidation-and-sorption-by-a-fe-mn-binary-oxide-waste-in-soil
#3
Clare M McCann, Caroline L Peacock, Karen A Hudson-Edwards, Thomas Shrimpton, Neil D Gray, Karen L Johnson
The ability of a Fe-Mn binary oxide waste to adsorb arsenic (As) in a historically contaminated soil was investigated. Initial laboratory sorption experiments indicated that arsenite [As(III)] was oxidized to arsenate [As(V)] by the Mn oxide component, with concurrent As(V) sorption to the Fe oxide. The binary oxide waste had As(III) and As(V) adsorption capacities of 70mgg(-1) and 32mgg(-1) respectively. X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure at the As K-edge confirmed that all binary oxide waste surface complexes were As(V) sorbed by mononuclear bidentate corner-sharing, with 2 Fe at ∼3...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918247/erato-polymnioides-a-novel-hg-hyperaccumulator-plant-in-ecuadorian-rainforest-acid-soils-with-potential-of-microbe-associated-phytoremediation
#4
Irene Chamba, Daniel Rosado, Carolina Kalinhoff, Selvaraj Thangaswamy, Aminael Sánchez-Rodríguez, Manuel Jesús Gazquez
Mercury (Hg) accumulation capacity was assessed in three plant species (Axonopus compressus, Erato polymnioides, and Miconia zamorensis) that grow on soils polluted by artisanal small-scale gold mines in the Ecuadorian rainforest. Individuals of three species were collected at two sampling zones: i) an intensive zone (IZ, 4.8 mg Hg kg(-1) of soil) where gold extraction continues to occur, and ii) a natural zone (NZ, 0.19 mg Hg kg(-1) of soil). In addition, the percentage of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) colonization was determined in plant roots and seven fungal morphotypes isolated from rhizospheric soil...
August 30, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917974/cross-cultural-analysis-of-medicinal-plants-commonly-used-in-ethnoveterinary-practices-at-south-waziristan-agency-and-bajaur-agency-federally-administrated-tribal-areas-fata-pakistan
#5
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Muhammad Sufyan, Shahid Niaz Khan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In remote areas, medicinal plants have an imperative role in curing various livestock's ailments. In Pakistan, people residing in remote areas including South Waziristan Agency and Bajaur Agency depend on traditional herbal remedies for treating their domestic animals. Medicinal plants are an important part of the medical system in these Agencies. The prime goal of the current study is to explore the ethnoveterinary practices in the two regions and discuss cross-cultural consensus on the use of medicinal plants...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917388/improvised-hand-injury-treatment-using-traditional-veterinary-medicine-in-ethiopia
#6
Raf Aerts, Eva J J November, Maissa Rayyan
In remote wilderness environments, local people with traditional knowledge of medicinal plants are potentially important first-line health care providers. We present a case of a 31-year-old man who fell off a horse while trekking through a remote mountain landscape in Ethiopia and sustained blunt force trauma to the hand. A local mountain hut keeper examined the patient's hand and used heated leaves of the succulent plant Kalanchoe petitiana to treat a suspected metacarpal fracture. As first responder in a low-resource setting, the hut keeper relied on his traditional knowledge of ethnoveterinary medicine to improvise a treatment for a human injury in a remote mountain environment...
September 13, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917200/improved-visible-light-activities-for-degrading-pollutants-on-tio2-g-c3n4-nanocomposites-by-decorating-spr-au-nanoparticles-and-2-4-dichlorophenol-decomposition-path
#7
Amir Zada, Yang Qu, Sharafat Ali, Ning Sun, Hongwei Lu, Rui Yan, Xuliang Zhang, Liqiang Jing
It has been clearly demonstrated that the visible-light photocatalytic activities of g-C3N4 (CN) for degrading 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) and bisphenol A (BPA) could be improved by fabricating nanocomposites with a proper amount of nanocrystalline anatase TiO2. Interestingly, the visible-light activities of the amount-optimized nanocomposite could be further improved after decorating Au nanoparticles, with 5.11- and 3.1-time improvement respectively for 2,4-DCP and BPA compared to that of CN, even much higher than that of P25 TiO2 under UV-vis irradiation...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917186/compounds-isolated-from-eriobotrya-deflexa-leaves-protect-against-ultraviolet-radiation-b-induced-photoaging-in-human-fibroblasts
#8
Chung-Yu Huang, Yi-Tzu Lin, Hsiang-Chun Kuo, Wen-Fei Chiou, Mei-Hsien Lee
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation leads to skin photoaging because of the upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and downregulation of type I collagen and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1. Eriobotrya deflexa (Hemsl.) Nakai (Rosaceae) is a flowering plant endemic to Taiwan, and its leaves have been used as an expectorant and in antitussive folk remedy. Our previous studies have demonstrated that an E. deflexa leaf extract functions as a free radical scavenger. The current evaluated the antiphotoaging effect of partitioned fractions and specific compounds from the leaves of E...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917116/thermal-and-photo-induced-degradation-of-perfluorinated-carboxylic-acids-kinetics-and-mechanism
#9
Jiaoqin Liu, Ruijuan Qu, Zunyao Wang, Itza Mendoza-Sanchez, Virender K Sharma
Perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) of different carbon chain lengths are chemicals of concern to human health and their removal, using conventional remediation technologies, is challenging. The present paper pursuits thermal and photo-induced degradation of PFCAs (F(CF2)nCOOH, n = 1-9) under various concentrations of four different acids (HNO3, H2SO4, HCl, and H3PO4) covering a range of strong acidic to basic pH. For thermal-induced experiments, the temperature was set at 40 °C, 60 °C, and 80 °C at acid strengths of 0...
September 6, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916278/microbial-reduction-of-vanadium-v-in-groundwater-interactions-with-coexisting-common-electron-acceptors-and-analysis-of-microbial-community
#10
Hui Liu, Baogang Zhang, Heyang Yuan, Yutong Cheng, Song Wang, Zhen He
Vanadium (V) pollution in groundwater has posed serious risks to the environment and public health. Anaerobic microbial reduction can achieve efficient and cost-effective remediation of V(V) pollution, but its interactions with coexisting common electron acceptors such as NO3(-), Fe(3+), SO4(2-) and CO2 in groundwater remain unknown. In this study, the interactions between V(V) reduction and reduction of common electron acceptors were examined with revealing relevant microbial community and identifying dominant species...
September 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916138/peptide-yy-induces-characteristic-meal-patterns-of-aged-mice
#11
Sachiko Mogami, Chihiro Yamada, Naoki Fujitsuka, Tomohisa Hattori
BACKGROUND & AIM: Changes in eating behavior occur in the elderly due to oral and swallowing dysfunctions. We aimed to clarify the difference between basal meal patterns of young and aged mice in relation to appetite regulating hormones. METHODS: Thirty two of young (7-week-old) and aged (23-25-month-old) C57BL/6 male mice were acclimated to a single housing and then transferred to a highly sensitive automated feeding monitoring device. Feeding behavior was monitored from the onset of the dark phase after habituation to the device...
September 12, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915595/baicalein-inhibits-pancreatic-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-via-suppression-of-nedd9-expression-and-its-downstream-akt-and-erk-signaling-pathways
#12
Rong-Tao Zhou, Mei He, Ze Yu, Yang Liang, Yuzhe Nie, Sheng Tai, Chun-Bo Teng
Baicalein, a flavone ingredient of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, is a promising anti-cancer agent. However, its potential anti-pancreatic cancer effects and the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, we showed that Baicalein not only induced apoptosis, but also suppressed proliferation, migration and invasion of two pancreatic cancer cell lines BxPC-3 and PANC-1 in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Notably, Baicalein exhibited low toxicity to normal human liver or kidney cells. We further discovered that Baicalein suppressed BxPC-3 and PANC-1 cell proliferation and invasion through targeting the expression of NEDD9, a Cas scaffolding protein, to decrease Akt and ERK activities...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915476/microbial-remediation-of-fluoride-contaminated-water-via-a-novel-bacterium-providencia-vermicola-kx926492
#13
Shraboni Mukherjee, Priyanka Sahu, Gopinath Halder
The present study emphasizes on the isolation, identification and characterization of a fluoride-resistant bacteria from contaminated groundwater of a severely affected rural area. The isolate was investigated for its possible role towards bioremediation of fluoride. Bacterial growth was determined by various carbon and nitrogen sources. Influence of parameters like initial fluoride concentration (5-25 mg L(-1)), pH (3-9) and temperature (15-42 °C) on fluoride removal by Providencia sp. KX926492 were also examined...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915454/assessing-the-potential-contributions-of-additional-retention-processes-to-pfas-retardation-in-the-subsurface
#14
Mark L Brusseau
A comprehensive understanding of the transport and fate of per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in the subsurface is critical for accurate risk assessments and design of effective remedial actions. A multi-process retention model is proposed to account for potential additional sources of retardation for PFAS transport in source zones. These include partitioning to the soil atmosphere, adsorption at air-water interfaces, partitioning to trapped organic liquids (NAPL), and adsorption at NAPL-water interfaces...
September 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915061/prevalence-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-herbal-remedy-use-in-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women-results-from-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation
#15
Robin R Green, Nanette Santoro, Amanda A Allshouse, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Carol Derby
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use, including botanical/herbal remedies, among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), New Jersey site. We also examined whether attitudes toward CAM and communication of its use to providers differed for Hispanic and non-Hispanic women. STUDY DESIGN: SWAN is a community-based, multiethnic cohort study of midlife women...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914537/coupling-bioflocculation-of-dehalococcoides-mccartyi-to-high-rate-reductive-dehalogenation-of-chlorinated-ethenes
#16
Anca G Delgado, Devyn Fajardo-Williams, Emily Bondank, Sofia Esquivel-Elizondo, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown
Continuous bioreactors operated at low hydraulic retention times have rarely been explored for reductive dehalogenation of chlorinated ethenes. The inability to consistently develop such bioreactors affects the way growth approaches for Dehalococcoides mccartyi bioaugmentation cultures are envisioned. It also affects interpretation of results from in situ continuous treatment processes. We report bioreactor performance and dehalogenation kinetics of a D. mccartyi-containing consortium in an upflow bioreactor...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914413/study-of-the-mechanism-of-remediation-of-cd-contaminated-soil-by-novel-biochars
#17
Zhongxin Tan, Yuanhang Wang, Limei Zhang, Qiaoyun Huang
This article used novel non-magnetized and magnetized biochars prepared under a CO2 atmosphere returned to Cd-contaminated soil and compared these to the effects of conventional biochars prepared under a N2 atmosphere with regard to Cd-contaminated soil remediation. A pot experiment with lettuce (Lactuca sativa) was conducted to investigate the relative soil remediation effects of these biochars. The soil used for the pot experiment was spiked with 20 mg kg(-1) Cd and amended with 5% of a biochar before sowing...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914181/remediation-approach-for-organic-compounds-and-arsenic-co-contaminated-soil-using-pressurized-hot-water-extraction-process
#18
Mohammad Nazrul Islam, Young-Tae Jo, Yeon-Jae Jeong, Jeong-Hun Park
Successful remediation of soil with co-existing organics contaminants and arsenic (As) is a challenge as the chemical and remediation technologies are different for each group of pollutants. In this study, the treatment effectiveness of pressurized hot water (PHW) extraction process was investigated for remediation of soil co-contaminated with phenol, crude oil, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and As. An elimination percentage of about 99% was achieved for phenol, and in the range of 63-100% was observed for the PAHs at 260 °C for 90 min operation...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914135/hemodynamic-and-anatomic-predictors-of-renovisceral-stent-graft-occlusion-following-chimney-endovascular-repair-of-juxtarenal-aortic-aneurysms
#19
Rosamaria Tricarico, Yong He, Liza Laquian, Salvatore T Scali, Roger Tran-Son-Tay, Adam W Beck, Scott A Berceli
PURPOSE: To identify anatomic and hemodynamic changes associated with impending visceral chimney stent-graft occlusion after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with the chimney technique (chEVAR). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was performed of computed tomography scans from 41 patients who underwent juxtarenal chEVAR from 2008 to 2012 to identify stent-grafts demonstrating conformational changes following initial placement. Six subjects (mean age 74 years; 3 men) were selected for detailed reconstruction and computational hemodynamic analysis; 4 had at least 1 occluded chimney stent-graft...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913810/effect-of-nanoscale-zero-valent-iron-confined-in-mesostructure-on-escherichia-coli
#20
Xia Sun, Yubo Yan, Mingyan Wang, Zhaoxiang Han
Nanoscale zero-valent iron particles (NZVIs) confined in the mesochannels of SBA-15 have superabilities in the remediation of contaminated groundwater. As a new kind of remediation nanomaterials, it is necessary to investigate the ecotoxicity of NZVIs/SBA-15 composites during their applications. In this study, we evaluated the toxicity of NZVIs/SBA-15 on Escherichia coli and proposed a possible mechanism. Compared with the bare NZVIs and SBA-15 surface-supported NZVIs at the same equivalent concentration of NZVIs (0...
September 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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