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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141009/evidence-for-proactive-and-reactive-helping-in-two-to-five-year-olds-from-a-small-scale-society
#1
Hilary Aime, Tanya Broesch, Lara B Aknin, Felix Warneken
Humans are unique in their propensity for helping. Not only do we help others in need by reacting to their requests, we also help proactively by assisting in the absence of a request. Proactive helping requires the actor to detect the need for help, recognize the intention of the other, and remedy the situation. Very little is known about the development of this social phenomenon beyond an urban, industrialized setting. We examined helping in nineteen two- to five-year old children in small-scale rural villages of Vanuatu...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140663/a-recipe-for-justice-support-for-a-federal-food-justice-interagency-working-group
#2
Melanie Pugh
Systemic social justice issues are characterized as having complex and far-reaching causes. Food justice is one such an issue. Food justice is defined as “justice for all [people] in the food system,” from agricultural production to consumer products. Policies seeking to remedy systemic social justice issues often need to include the attention of many levels of government and coordination across multiple agencies to move issues forward. That is why finding a model for interagency collaboration that has evidenced success, especially over the long-term, is inspiring and worth mirroring...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140651/fda-required-tobacco-product-inserts-onserts%C3%A2-and-the-first-amendment
#3
Eric N Lindblom, Micah L Berman, James F Thrasher
In 2012, a federal court of appeals struck down an FDA rule requiring graphic health warnings on cigarettes as violating First Amendment commercial speech protections. Tobacco product inserts and onserts can more readily avoid First Amendment constraints while delivering more extensive information to tobacco users, and can work effectively to support and encourage smoking cessation. This paper examines FDA’s authority to require effective inserts and onserts and shows how FDA could design and support them to avoid First Amendment problems...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140497/integrating-complementary-and-traditional-practices-in-middle-eastern-supportive-cancer-care
#4
Eran Ben-Arye, Noah Samuels, Michel Daher, Ibrahim Turker, Omar Nimri, Maryam Rassouli, Michael Silbermann
The Middle East is a promising arena in which researchers can explore the interchange between cross-cultural traditional medicine and supportive cancer care, as provided within an integrative oncology setting. Integrative oncology research and clinical practice in this part of the world have been focusing, for the most part, on the use of herbal medicine and mind-body-spiritual modalities, both of which are deeply rooted in traditional medical care. A regional, multinational, and interdisciplinary collaboration is currently being undertaken as part of the academic activities of the Middle-East Research Group in Integrative Oncology (MERGIO)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139110/unconditional-cash-transfers-for-reducing-poverty-and-vulnerabilities-effect-on-use-of-health-services-and-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
REVIEW
Frank Pega, Sze Yan Liu, Stefan Walter, Roman Pabayo, Ruhi Saith, Stefan K Lhachimi
BACKGROUND: Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs; provided without obligation) for reducing poverty and vulnerabilities (e.g. orphanhood, old age or HIV infection) are a type of social protection intervention that addresses a key social determinant of health (income) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The relative effectiveness of UCTs compared with conditional cash transfers (CCTs; provided so long as the recipient engages in prescribed behaviours such as using a health service or attending school) is unknown...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138831/anti%C3%A2-inflammatory-effect-of-migri%C3%A2-heal%C3%A2-in-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-inflammatory-model-of-primary-mixed-glial-cells
#6
Mahmoud Hassani, Farzaneh Sabouni, Mohammad Ansari, Solaleh Emamgholipour, Mohammad-Sadegh Fallah, Shah-Sanam Abbasi, Saeed Ansari Majd
Migri‑Heal®, is a novel herbal remedy that was introduced for the treatment of migraine headaches. Previous studies revealed that this drug may reduce nitric oxide (NO) in an in vitro inflammatory model. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti‑inflammatory effect of Migri‑Heal® on primary mix glial cells stimulated with LPS. In the current study, neonatal rat primary mix glial cells were isolated from the mixed glial cultures via shaking, and cultured in Dulbecco's' modified Eagle's medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138194/the-costs-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-related-signs-and-symptoms-in-infants-a-systematic-literature-review-and-cost-calculation-for-england
#7
James Mahon, Carlos Lifschitz, Thomas Ludwig, Nikhil Thapar, Julie Glanville, Mohamad Miqdady, Miguel Saps, Seng Hock Quak, Irene Lenoir Wijnkoop, Mary Edwards, Hannah Wood, Hania Szajewska
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and related signs and symptoms in infants to the third party payer and to parents. STUDY DESIGN: To estimate the cost of illness (COI) of infant FGIDs, a two-stage process was applied: a systematic literature review and a COI calculation. As no pertinent papers were found in the systematic literature review, a 'de novo' analysis was performed. For the latter, the potential costs for the third party payer (the National Health Service (NHS) in England) and for parents/carers for the treatment of FGIDs in infants were calculated, by using publicly available data...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138192/prospective-daily-diary-study-reporting-of-any-and-all-symptoms-in-healthy-adults-in-pakistan-prevalence-and-response
#8
Mudassir Anwar, James A Green, Pauline Norris, Nadeem Irfan Bukhari
OBJECTIVES: Prevalence of symptoms in everyday life and how people respond to these symptoms is little studied outside Western culture and developed countries. We sought to use modified diary methods to explore the prevalence of and responses to symptoms in Pakistan. DESIGN: Prospective daily survey of symptoms and response. SETTING: 8 cities across four provinces in Pakistan. PARTICIPANTS: Stratified intercept in each city to recruit 153 participants of which 151 completed...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137755/development-of-photocatalyst-coated-fluoropolymer-based-microreactor-using-ultrasound-for-water-remediation
#9
Juan Carlos Colmenares, Vaishakh Nair, Ewelina Kuna, Dariusz Łomot
Formation of thin layers of photocatalyst in photo-microreactor is a challenging work considering the properties of both catalyst and the microchannel material. The deposition of semiconductor materials on fluoropolymer based microcapillary requires the use of economical methods which are also less energy dependent. The current work introduces a new method for depositing nanoparticles of TiO2 on the inner walls of a hexafluoropropylene tetrafluoroethylene microtube under mild conditions using ultrasound technique...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137208/asbestos-ban-in-italy-a-major-milestone-not-the-final-cut
#10
Daniela Marsili, Alessia Angelini, Caterina Bruno, Marisa Corfiati, Alessandro Marinaccio, Stefano Silvestri, Amerigo Zona, Pietro Comba
Background and history: Italy was the main asbestos producer and one of the greatest consumers in 20th century Europe until the asbestos ban was introduced in 1992. Asbestos exposure affected the population in a wide range of working environments, namely mining and marketing of asbestos, asbestos cement production, shipyards and textile industries. This also determined a widespread environmental asbestos exposure affecting the surrounding communities. Methods: To investigate the drivers and difficulties of the process leading to the asbestos ban and its subsequent implementation, we focused on stakeholder involvement, environmental health policies, capacity building and communication...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136872/a-novel-hybrid-flow-platform-for-on-line-simultaneous-dynamic-fractionation-and-evaluation-of-mercury-lability-in-environmental-solids
#11
Yanlin Zhang, Manuel Miró, Spas D Kolev
A method for the automatic simultaneous assessment of mobility and lability of mercury in environmental solid samples has been developed for the first time. It has been implemented in a hybrid flow system integrating flow-through dynamic sequential extraction and on-line chemical digestion prior to atomic fluorescence detection. The method allows the determination of trace concentrations of labile mercury (HgL) and non-labile mercury (HgNL) in different bioaccessible phases of environmental solid samples thus providing expeditious data not only for Hg exposome studies but also for the selection of suitable environmental remediation techniques...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136576/influence-of-compost-and-biochar-on-microbial-communities-and-the-sorption-degradation-of-pahs-and-nso-substituted-pahs-in-contaminated-soils
#12
Gabriel Sigmund, Caroline Poyntner, Guadalupe Piñar, Melanie Kah, Thilo Hofmann
Diffusely contaminated soils often remain untreated as classical remediation approaches would be disproportionately expensive. Adding compost can accelerate the biodegradation of organic contaminants and adding biochar can immobilize contaminants through sorption. The combined use of compost and biochar to reduce polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and NSO-substituted PAH contamination has, however, not previously been systematically investigated. We have therefore investigated the processes involved (i) through sorption batch experiments, (ii) by monitoring changes in bacterial, fungal and archaeal communities using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, and (iii) through degradation experiments with fluorene, phenanthrene, pyrene, carbazole, dibenzothiophene, and dibenzofuran...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136571/heavy-metal-remediation-with-ficus-microcarpa-through-transplantation-and-its-environmental-risks-through-field-scale-experiment
#13
Jie Luo, Limei Cai, Shihua Qi, Jian Wu, Xiaowen Sophie Gu
The phytoremediation efficiency of various metals by Ficus microcarpa was evaluated through a real scale experiment in the present study. The root biomass production of the species varied significantly from 3.68 to 5.43 g because of the spatial heterogeneity of different metals. It would take 4-93 years to purify the excess Cd of the experimental site. Mercury was the most inflexible element which can barely be phytoremediated by F. microcarpa. After the species transplanted from the polluted soil to the clean site, Cd and Cu were transferred to the rhizosphere soil to different extent while the bulk soil was barely influenced...
November 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135937/relax-cool-down-and-scaffold-how-to-restore-surface-expression-of-folding-deficient-mutant-gpcrs-and-slc6-transporters
#14
REVIEW
H M Mazhar Asjad, Shahrooz Nasrollahi-Shirazi, Sonja Sucic, Michael Freissmuth, Christian Nanoff
Many diseases arise from mutations, which impair protein folding. The study of folding-deficient variants of G protein-coupled receptors and solute carrier 6 (SLC6) transporters has shed light on the folding trajectory, how it is monitored and how misfolding can be remedied. Reducing the temperature lowers the energy barrier between folding intermediates and thereby eliminates stalling along the folding trajectory. For obvious reasons, cooling down is not a therapeutic option. One approach to rescue misfolded variants is to use membrane-permeable orthosteric ligands...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135545/brown-describes-bolivian-coca-leaf-chewing-a-remedy-gathered-versus-altitude-and-attitude
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135239/advances-in-sulfidation-of-zerovalent-iron-for-water-decontamination
#16
Jinxiang Li, Xueying Zhang, Yuankui Sun, Liping Liang, Bing-Cai Pan, Weiming Zhang, Xiaohong Guan
Sulfidation has gained increasing interest in recent years for improving the sequestration of contaminants by zerovalent iron (ZVI). In view of the bright prospects of the sulfidated ZVI (S-ZVI), this review comprehensively summarized the latest developments in sulfidation of ZVI, particularly that of nanoscale ZVI (S-nZVI). The milestones in development of S-ZVI technology including its background, enlightenment, synthesis, characterization, water remediation and treatment, etc., are summarized. Under most circumstances, sulfidation can enhance the sequestration of various organic compounds and metal(loid)s by ZVI to various extents...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135229/effects-of-nh4-k-and-mg2-and-ca2-on-the-cesium-adsorption-desorption-in-binding-sites-of-vermiculitized-biotite
#17
Xiangbiao Yin, Xinpeng Wang, Hao Wu, Hideharu Takahashi, Yusuke Inaba, Toshihiko Ohnuki, Kenji Takeshita
The reversibility of cesium adsorption in contaminated soil is largely dependent on its interaction with micaceous minerals, which may be greatly influenced by various cations. Herein, we systematically investigated the effects of NH4+, K+, Mg2+, and Ca2+ on the adsorption/desorption of Cs+ into different binding sites of vermiculitized biotite (VB). Original VB was initially saturated by NH4+, K+, or Mg2+; we then evaluated the adsorption of Cs+ on three treated VBs, and the desorption by extraction with NH4+, K+, Mg2+, or Ca2+ was further evaluated...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134522/capacity-of-six-shrub-species-to-retain-atmospheric-particulates-with-different-diameters
#18
Xiaodan Sun, Haimei Li, Xiao Guo, Yingkun Sun, Shimei Li
Garden plants can absorb and retain atmospheric particles and are important for remediating environmental pollution. In this study, the dust retention characteristics of six typical shrub species were measured in the greenbelt of a road in the Chengyang District of Qingdao, China, and the maximum capacity for dust retention of each species was determined. The different diameters and areas occupied by particulate matter (PM) were analyzed on the leaf surfaces of the plants. Based on the results for the six shrub species, the rank order of average content of dust retention per unit leaf area was Euonymus japonicus > Pyracantha fortuneana > Ligustrum vicaryi > Amygdalus triloba > Ligustrum sinense > Forsythia suspensa, whereas the rank order of average content per unit volume was E...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134519/capability-of-secale-montanum-trusted-for-phytoremediation-of-lead-and-cadmium-in-soils-amended-with-nano-silica-and-municipal-solid-waste-compost
#19
Mehdi Moameri, Masoomeh Abbasi Khalaki
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the capability of Secale montanum trusted for phytoremediation of contaminated soils with lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd). To conduct this study, soil samples were taken from contaminated rangelands soils around National Lead & Zinc Factory, Zanjan, Iran. In this study, which was performed in a greenhouse, after preparing the pot and treating soils with nano-silica (NS) and municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) amendments, 20 Secale seeds were cultured in each pot. The translocation factor (TF), the bio-concentration factor (BCF), and remediation factor (RF) were calculated to determine the phytoremediation capability of Secale...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134131/medicinally-important-aromatic-plants-with-radioprotective-activity
#20
REVIEW
Ravindra M Samarth, Meenakshi Samarth, Yoshihisa Matsumoto
Aromatic plants are often used as natural medicines because of their remedial and inherent pharmacological properties. Looking into natural resources, particularly products of plant origin, has become an exciting area of research in drug discovery and development. Aromatic plants are mainly exploited for essential oil extraction for applications in industries, for example, in cosmetics, flavoring and fragrance, spices, pesticides, repellents and herbal beverages. Although several medicinal plants have been studied to treat various conventional ailments only a handful studies are available on aromatic plants, especially for radioprotection...
November 2017: Future Science OA
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