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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109033/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-decrease-the-rate-of-solitary-blood-cultures-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Joseph Choi, Sahand Ensafi, Lucas Brien Chartier, Oliver Van Praet
OBJECTIVES: Best practice guidelines recommend that at least two sets of blood cultures (BCs) be sent when blood cultures are required. However, high rates of solitary BCs are still common in the emergency department (ED). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of different quality improvement initiatives aimed at reducing the rate of solitary blood cultures being sent to the lab on patients ultimately discharged from our ED. METHODS: This was a multi-centre, multi-phase, prospective study evaluating a comprehensive education-based intervention and a second intervention that combined a computerized forcing function along with a brief education-based intervention...
January 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108910/non-scientific-classification-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-as-dietary-supplement
#2
Kexin Bao
This article focuses the category status of Chinese herbal medicine in the United States where it has been mistakenly classified as a dietary supplement. According to Yellow Emperor Canon of Internal Medicine (Huang Di Nei Jing), clinical treatment in broad sense is to apply certain poisonous medicines to fight against pathogeneses, by which all medicines have certain toxicity and side effect. From ancient times to modern society, all, or at least most, practitioners have used herbal medicine to treat patients' medical conditions...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108887/an-innovative-technology-blueprint-for-medical-education-association-of-directors-of-medical-student-education-in-psychiatry-s-clinical-simulation-initiative-years-1-6
#3
Raed Hawa, Martin Klapheke, Howard Liu, Greg Briscoe, Adriana Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108846/knowledge-attitudes-practices-and-barriers-related-to-research-utilization-a-survey-among-pharmacists-in-malaysia
#4
Sin Yee Tan, Ernieda Hatah
Background Research utilization is part of evidence-based practice referring to the process of reviewing and critiquing scientific research and applying the findings to one's own clinical practice. Many studies on research utilization have been conducted with doctors and nurses, but to our knowledge, none have been investigated amongst pharmacists. Objective To assess research utilization and its barriers among pharmacists and identify potential influencing factors. Setting Malaysia. Methods This cross-sectional survey was administered online and by mail to a convenient sample of pharmacists working in hospitals, health clinics, and retail pharmacies in rural and urban areas...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108835/integrating-family-as-a-discipline-by-providing-parent-led-curricula-impact-on-lend-trainees-leadership-competency
#5
Bruce L Keisling, Elizabeth A Bishop, Jenness M Roth
Background While the MCH Leadership Competencies and family as a discipline have been required elements of Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental and related Disabilities (LEND) programs for over a decade, little research has been published on the efficacy of either programmatic component in the development of the next generation of leaders who can advocate and care for Maternal and Child Health (MCH) populations. Objective To test the effectiveness of integrating the family discipline through implementation of parent led curricula on trainees' content knowledge, skills, and leadership development in family-centered care, according to the MCH Leadership Competencies...
January 20, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108685/a-tablet-based-multimedia-education-tool-improves-provider-and-subject-knowledge-of-inhaler-use-techniques
#6
Aaron M Mulhall, Muhammad A Zafar, Samantha Record, Herman Channell, Ralph J Panos
BACKGROUND: Although inhaled medications are effective therapies for COPD, many patients and providers use them incorrectly. METHODS: We recruited providers who prescribe inhalers or teach inhaler technique and assessed their use of metered-dose inhalers (MDIs), various dry powder inhalers (DPIs), and Respimat using predefined checklists. Then they watched tablet-based multimedia educational videos that demonstrated correct inhaler technique by a clinical pharmacist with teach-back from a patient and were re-evaluated...
February 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108386/trajectory-of-improvement-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-migraine-results-from-the-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-amitriptyline-trial
#7
John W Kroner, James Peugh, Susmita M Kashikar-Zuck, Susan L LeCates, Janelle R Allen, Shalonda K Slater, Marium Zafar, Marielle A Kabbouche, Hope L O'Brien, Chad E Shenk, Ashley M Kroon Van Diest, Andrew D Hershey, Scott W Powers
: We compared headache frequency trajectories between clinical trial participants who received cognitive behavioral therapy plus amitriptyline (CBT+A) or headache education plus amitriptyline (HE+A) to determine if there was differential time course of treatment response between the groups. 135 patients (age 10-17) diagnosed with chronic migraine participated, attending 8 one-hour one-on-one CBT or HE sessions with a trained psychologist for 8 weekly sessions, 2 sessions at weeks 12 and 16, and a post-treatment visit at week 20...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108265/palliative-care-and-parkinson-s-disease-meeting-summary-and-recommendations-for-clinical-research
#8
REVIEW
Benzi M Kluger, Siobhán Fox, Suzanne Timmons, Maya Katz, Nicholas B Galifianakis, Indu Subramanian, Julie H Carter, Miriam J Johnson, Edward W Richfield, David Bekelman, Jean S Kutner, Janis Miyasaki
INTRODUCTION: Palliative care is an approach to caring for patients and families affected by serious illnesses that focuses on the relief of suffering through the management of medical symptoms, psychosocial issues, advance care planning and spiritual wellbeing. Over the past decade there has been an emerging clinical and research interest in the application of palliative care approaches to Parkinson's disease (PD) and outpatient palliative care services are now offered by several movement disorders centers...
January 11, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108263/anxiety-is-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-in-newly-diagnosed-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Nadeeka N W Dissanayaka, Rachael A Lawson, Alison J Yarnall, Gordon W Duncan, David P Breen, Tien K Khoo, Roger A Barker, David J Burn
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are prevalent non-motor manifestations of Parkinson's disease (PD). While few studies have demonstrated a possible link between cognitive dysfunction and anxiety in PD, to our knowledge, no studies have directly examined the association between them. This study investigated the association between anxiety and cognitive deficits in newly diagnosed PD patients. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed PD (N = 185) were recruited from community and outpatient clinics...
January 4, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107787/hiv-rapid-testing-in-the-framework-of-an-sti-prevention-project-on-a-cohort-of-vulnerable-italians-and-immigrants
#10
Ilaria Uccella, Alessio Petrelli, Maria Fenicia Vescio, Silvia De Carolis, Cecilia Fazioli, Patrizio Pezzotti, Gianni Rezza
INTRODUCTION: Uptake of HIV tests is a challenging issue in vulnerable populations including immigrants, normally using standard diagnostic tools. Objectives of this study were to evaluate the acceptability of HIV rapid test; estimate the percentage of newly HIV diagnoses and evaluate knowledge, attitudes and perception (KAP) about HIV/AIDS and other STIs in a specific set of immigrants and vulnerable population in Rome (Italy). METHODS: All immigrant and Italian people, aged 16-70 years, attending the infectious disease outpatient clinic of the National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty (INMP) in Rome (Italy), during the period December 2012 to December 2013 were enrolled...
January 20, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107693/attrition-among-iranian-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#11
Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Fatemeh Oskouie, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi
Attrition is a major challenge facing nursing students that results in substantial costs on the education, health, and treatment systems across countries and can have an unwanted effect on the quality and quantity of health services provided as well as on the health of citizens. This descriptive study investigated nursing students' perceptions toward factors influencing attrition. We conducted a qualitative study using a content analysis approach. Nineteen students enrolled in nursing bachelor program were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling...
January 6, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107540/impact-of-adding-a-decision-aid-to-patient-education-in-adults-with-asthma-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Myriam E Gagné, France Légaré, Jocelyne Moisan, Louis-Philippe Boulet
BACKGROUND: Not providing adequate patient education interventions to asthma patients remains a major care gap. To help asthma patients and caregivers discuss inhaled controller medication use, our team has previously developed a decision aid (DA). We sought to assess whether adding this DA to education interventions improved knowledge, decisional conflict, and asthma control among adults with asthma. METHODS: A parallel clinical trial (NCT02516449). We recruited adults with asthma, aged 18 to 65 years, prescribed inhaled controller medication to optimize asthma control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107323/multiple-myeloma-mentorship-bridging-communication-and-educational-gaps%C3%A2
#13
Beth Faiman, Sandra E Kurtin, Jocelyn Timko, Linda Gracie-King
BACKGROUND: The 2014 Multiple Myeloma (MM) Mentorship Program provided a focused, interactive, peer-to-peer educational experience, including updates in MM, for 10 mentees that led to advanced clinical educator status. 
. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the program was (a) to improve mentees' knowledge, competency, confidence, and level of performance in the management of MM and (b) to build speaking expertise.
. METHODS: From May 2014 to March 2015, 10 mentees were educated on MM with a structured serial learning curriculum...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107268/faculty-clinical-site-visits-in-nurse-practitioner-education-student-perspective
#14
Arlene Pericak, Marjorie Graziano, Angela M McNelis
Assessing student learning during a site visit in an advanced practice nursing course is important for academic success; however, a gap in the literature exists on students' perspectives of faculty site visits in nurse practitioner education. This article presents the results of a study on students' perceptions of the most useful aspects of the site visit, suggestions for improving site visits, and changes made in the practicum after the site visit.
January 20, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107137/interprofessional-education-in-an-orthodontic-outreach-training-centre
#15
Richard Cure
Interprofessional education (IPE) describes those occasions when students from two or more professions learn about, from and with each other to enable effective collaboration and improve health outcomes. In the UK, orthodontic treatment is now delivered by a highly skilled team. Historically, education and training for orthodontic team members has been delivered 'uniprofessionally' in secondary care hospital settings, despite 96% of dental care, including orthodontics, being delivered in primary care. This paper describes an evaluation of IPE in Leamington Spa Orthodontics (LSO), a University-approved, primary care outreach training centre, where all members of the orthodontic team deliver patient care and are educated together in an IPE environment...
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107133/patient-feedback-on-orthodontic-therapist-student-outreach-training
#16
Robert S Ireland, Elizabeth M Hopkins
The introduction of orthodontic therapists as a new group of dental care professionals (DCPs) requires that their training in specialist orthodontic practices has provision for monitoring the level of supervision and clinical care provided by the students. The University of Warwick Diploma in Orthodontic Therapy programme has developed a patient questionnaire with the aim of assessing the patient's perception of the student. The observational questionnaire was designed to cover the four General Dental Council (GDC) domains and learning outcomes for orthodontic therapists, such that patient response could potentially provide valuable feedback to support the training programme...
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106697/facial-plastic-surgery-patient-resources-exceed-national-institute-recommendations
#17
Michael W Chu, Julia A Cook, Sunil S Tholpady, Cecelia E Schmalbach, Arash Momeni
Patient education is essential in enhancing the physician-patient therapeutic alliance, patient satisfaction, and clinical outcomes. The American Medical Association and National Institute of Health recommend that information be written at a 6th-grade reading level, but online resources often exceed patient literacy. The purpose of this study is to assess readability of online material for facial plastics procedures presented on academic plastic surgery and otolaryngology websites.An Internet search was performed of all academic institutions that had both plastic surgery and otolaryngology training programs who offered patient information on facial plastic surgery procedures...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106678/the-influence-of-emerging-nursing-administrative-and-leadership-researchers-an-interview-with-dr-lesly-kelly
#18
Jeffrey M Adams
This department highlights emerging nursing leaders who have demonstrated leadership in advancing innovation and patient care in practice, policy, research, education, and theory. This interview profiles Lesly Kelly, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor at the Arizona State University College of Nursing and Health Innovation and Nursing and Clinical Research Program Director at Banner-University Medical Center Phoenix.
February 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106637/educating-nurses-in-the-united-states-about-pressure-injuries
#19
Elizabeth A Ayello, Karen Zulkowski, Elizabeth Capezuti, Wendy Harris Jicman, R Gary Sibbald
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information about the current state of educating nurses about wound care and pressure injuries with recommendations for the future. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1...
February 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106613/relationship-of-sleep-duration-and-regularity-with-dietary-intake-among-preschool-aged-children-with-obesity-from-low-income-families
#20
Megan E Petrov, Kiley B Vander Wyst, Corrie M Whisner, Mihyun Jeong, Michaela Denniston, Michael W Moramarco, Martina R Gallagher, Elizabeth Reifsnider
OBJECTIVE: Diet is a modifiable factor associated with pediatric obesity outcomes, but few studies have evaluated the relationships of sleep duration and regularity on dietary intake of young preschool-aged children. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether short sleep duration and irregular sleep timing were associated with greater calorie, carbohydrate and fat consumption among young children with obesity from low-income families. METHODS: Fifty-one ethnically diverse children aged 2 to 4 years were recruited from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children clinics in a southeast Texas county...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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