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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650972/contribution-of-cognitive-performance-and-cognitive-decline-to-associations-between-socioeconomic-factors-and-dementia-a-cohort-study
#1
Jennifer Rusmaully, Aline Dugravot, Jean-Paul Moatti, Michael G Marmot, Alexis Elbaz, Mika Kivimaki, Séverine Sabia, Archana Singh-Manoux
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic disadvantage is a risk factor for dementia, but longitudinal studies suggest that it does not affect the rate of cognitive decline. Our objective is to understand the manner in which socioeconomic disadvantage shapes dementia risk by examining its associations with midlife cognitive performance and cognitive decline from midlife to old age, including cognitive decline trajectories in those with dementia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Data are drawn from the Whitehall II study (N = 10,308 at study recruitment in 1985), with cognitive function assessed at 4 waves (1997, 2002, 2007, and 2012)...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650892/the-2017-hormone-therapy-position-statement-of-the-north-american-menopause-society
#2
(no author information available yet)
The 2017 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) updates the 2012 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society and identifies future research needs. An Advisory Panel of clinicians and researchers expert in the field of women's health and menopause was recruited by NAMS to review the 2012 Position Statement, evaluate new literature, assess the evidence, and reach consensus on recommendations, using the level of evidence to identify the strength of recommendations and the quality of the evidence...
June 22, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650869/the-2017-hormone-therapy-position-statement-of-the-north-american-menopause-society
#3
(no author information available yet)
The 2017 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) updates the 2012 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society and identifies future research needs. An Advisory Panel of clinicians and researchers expert in the field of women's health and menopause was recruited by NAMS to review the 2012 Position Statement, evaluate new literature, assess the evidence, and reach consensus on recommendations, using the level of evidence to identify the strength of recommendations and the quality of the evidence...
July 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650413/community-priorities-for-hospital-based-prevention-initiatives-results-from-a-deliberating-public
#4
Marthe R Gold, Lindsey Realmuto, Maya Scherer, Alexandra Kamler, Linda Weiss
CONTEXT: Internal revenue service provisions require not-for-profit hospitals to provide "community benefit." In addition, the Affordable Care Act requires these hospitals to conduct community health needs assessments that involve appropriate stakeholders. These requirements signal government interest in creating opportunities for developing programs that are well tailored and responsive to the needs of the communities served. Gaining meaningful input from residents is a critical aspect of these processes...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650225/men-s-perceptions-of-treatment-as-prevention-in-south-africa-implications-for-engagement-in-hiv-care-and-treatment
#5
Alyssa C Mooney, Ann Gottert, Nomhle Khoza, Dumisani Rebombo, Jennifer Hove, Aimée Julien Suárez, Rhian Twine, Catherine MacPhail, Sarah Treves-Kagan, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A Lippman
While South Africa provides universal access to treatment, HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake remains low, particularly among men. Little is known about community awareness of the effects of treatment on preventing transmission, and how this information might impact HIV service utilization. This qualitative study explored understandings of treatment as prevention (TasP) among rural South African men. Narratives emphasized the know value of ART for individual health, but none were aware of its preventive effects...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650087/educational-strategies-and-art-effect-on-salivary-characteristics-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Camila Nobre de Freitas, Paula Midori Castelo, Karina Guedes de Sousa, Gabriela Caroline Alonso, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Marlise Inês Klein, Taís de Souza Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate educational strategies and ART-restoration impact on salivary physicochemical and microbiological characteristics. DESIGN: Two groups of 6-7-yr-old children were included: GART , with at least one decayed primary molar (n=36), submitted to 4 sessions of oral health educational strategy (OHES) and ART-restoration; GC , a paired caries-free group (n=36), submitted to 4 sessions of OHES. Three evaluations were carried out: baseline, one week after OHES and one month after OHES or ART, when biofilm and gingivitis frequencies, salivary flow, pH, buffer capacity, calcium and phosphorus concentrations were assessed...
June 26, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649942/the-impact-of-an-online-learning-platform-about-nursing-education-on-enrolled-nurse-preceptor-teaching-capabilities-a-pre-post-test-evaluation
#7
Colleen Ryan, Louise Young, Margaret McAllister
Background Enrolled Nurses are expected to precept learners in the clinical field. In some hospitals across Australia, these learners may include diploma and degree level nursing students. Yet learning about the preceptoring role is not widely available to enrolled nurses. Educational Innovation A professional development project was developed that utilised the material of an online learning resource originally designed to inspire clinical Registered Nurses, and Registered Nurse teachers to develop teaching innovations in their role...
June 26, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649770/precepting-nurse-practitioner-students-a-new-view-results-of-two-national-surveys-of-nurse-practitioner-preceptors
#8
Mary Ellen Roberts, Kathy J Wheeler, Diane O Tyler, Diane L Padden
PURPOSE: The aim of two national studies was to identify characteristics of nurse practitioners (NPs) who precept and the benefits, incentives, and barriers associated with the NP preceptor role. METHODS: Stratified randomized sampling was used to invite a representative number of NPs from each state to participate in a 2015 survey and a follow-up survey in 2016. These descriptive, exploratory studies distributed electronic questionnaires to 5000 randomly selected NPs in the 2015 survey and 40,000 NPs in the 2016 survey...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649711/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-general-surgery-residency-training-a-proposal-for-milestones-in-graduate-medical-education-ultrasound
#9
Eliza W Beal, Benjamin R Sigmond, Latifa Sage-Silski, Samantha Lahey, Victor Nguyen, David P Bahner
The use of point-of-care ultrasound (US) in the clinical setting has undergone massive growth, although its incorporation into training and practice is variable. Surgeons are interested in using point-of-care US and can incorporate it effectively into clinical practice. However, the current state of point-of-care US training in general surgery is inadequate. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education introduced the Milestones Project to evaluate resident and fellow performance. Emergency medicine is the only specialty with a point-of-care US milestone...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649642/disparities-in-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-use-among-women-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#10
Younji Kim, Anne Marie McCarthy, Mirar Bristol, Katrina Armstrong
Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy use has increased over the past decades among women with early-stage breast cancer. Racial differences in contralateral prophylactic mastectomy use are well described, but with unclear causes. This study examined contralateral prophylactic mastectomy use among black and white women and the contribution of differences in perceived risk to differences in use. We surveyed women diagnosed with early-stage unilateral breast cancer between ages 41-64 in Pennsylvania and Florida between 2007-2009 to collect data on breast cancer treatment, family history, education, income, insurance, and perceived risk...
2017: NPJ Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649616/palliative-care-for-parkinson-s-disease-suggestions-from-a-council-of-patient-and-carepartners
#11
Kirk Hall, Malenna Sumrall, Gil Thelen, Benzi M Kluger
In 2015, the Parkinson's Disease Foundation sponsored the first international meeting on Palliative Care and Parkinson's disease and the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute funded the first comparative effectiveness trial of palliative care for Parkinson's disease. A council of Parkinson's disease patients and carepartners was engaged to assist with both projects. This council wrote the following manuscript as an opinion piece addressed to the clinical and research community on how palliative care could be applied to people living with Parkinson's disease and their families...
2017: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649570/evaluating-checklist-use-in-companion-animal-wellness-visits-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital-a-preliminary-study
#12
Michael T Nappier, Virginia K Corrigan, Lara E Bartl-Wilson, Mark Freeman, Stephen Werre, Eric Tempel
The number of companion animal wellness visits in private practice has been decreasing, and one important factor cited is the lack of effective communication between veterinarians and pet owners regarding the importance of preventive care. Checklists have been widely used in many fields and are especially useful in areas where a complex task must be completed with multiple small steps, or when cognitive fatigue is evident. The use of checklists in veterinary medical education has not yet been thoroughly evaluated as a potential strategy to improve communication with pet owners regarding preventive care...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649565/increasing-regional-anesthesia-use-in-a-serbian-teaching-hospital-through-an-international-collaboration
#13
REVIEW
Curtis L Baysinger, Borislava Pujic, Ivan Velickovic, Medge D Owen, Joanna Serafin, Matthew S Shotwell, Ferne Braveman
Many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) report low rates of regional anesthesia (RA) use for cesarean delivery (CD), despite its association with lower maternal major morbidity and mortality. Also, the prevalence of neuraxial analgesia for labor (NAL) is often low in LMICs. We report on the results of a collaboration in clinical education over a multi-year period between Kybele Inc., an international non-profit organization, and Klinicki Centar Vojvodine (CCV), a teaching hospital in Novi Sad, Serbia, to increase RA use for CD and NAL at CCV...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649490/frequency-dependent-changes-in-local-intrinsic-oscillations-in-chronic-primary-insomnia-a-study-of-the-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuations-in-the-resting-state
#14
Fuqing Zhou, Suhua Huang, Ying Zhuang, Lei Gao, Honghan Gong
New neuroimaging techniques have led to significant advancements in our understanding of cerebral mechanisms of primary insomnia. However, the neuronal low-frequency oscillation remains largely uncharacterized in chronic primary insomnia (CPI). In this study, the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF), a data-driven method based on resting-state functional MRI, was used to examine local intrinsic activity in 27 patients with CPI and 27 age-, sex-, and education-matched healthy controls. We examined neural activity in two frequency bands, slow-4 (between 0...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649456/development-of-a-self-directed-online-learning-curriculum-to-increase-community-engaged-research-in-clinical-and-translational-science
#15
Joyce E Balls-Berry, Heather Billings, Laura Ernste, Miguel Valdez Soto, Katrin Frimannsdottir, Karen Weavers, Victor M Montori, Christi A Patten
BACKGROUND: Medical research strives to improve health; community-engaged research (CEnR) supports translation to the community. METHODS: This article describes the use of andragogical theory to develop asynchronous CEnR training. RESULTS: A total of 43 researchers and community members completed at least one module. The majority (67%-100%) stated that training met their educational needs and noted a desire for more information. CONCLUSION: The curriculum reinforced CEnR principles to enhance medical research...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649455/science-caf%C3%A3-s-transforming-citizens-to-scientific-citizens-what-influences-participants-perceived-change-in-health-and-scientific-literacy
#16
Syed M Ahmed, Mia DeFino, Emily Connors, Alexis Visotcky, Anne Kissack, Zeno Franco
INTRODUCTION: Science Cafés facilitated by the Clinical and Translational Science Institute of Southeast Wisconsin seek to increase health and scientific literacy through informal conversation between researchers and community members. The goal was to understand what factors have the greatest influence on attendees' perceived changes in health and science literacy levels (PCHSL) to increase impact. METHODS: Previous research established the evaluation used in the Science Cafés to measure PCHSL...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649449/creating-effective-career-development-programs
#17
Doris McGartland Rubio, Georgeanna F W B Robinson, Janice Gabrilove, Emma A Meagher
This paper is the fourth in a 5-part series that focuses on educating and training the clinical and translational science workforce. The goal of this paper is to delineate components of effective career development programs that go beyond didactic training. All academic health centers with a Clinical and Translational Science Award have a KL2 career development award for junior faculty, and many also have a TL1 training program for predoctoral and postdoctoral fellows. The training across these programs varies, however junior investigators across the United States experience similar challenges...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649447/certification-of-clinical-and-translational-researchers-an-ill-conceived-notion
#18
EDITORIAL
Paul R Marantz, Harry P Selker, Emma A Meagher
The National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) has instituted a new multiple choice examination in order to "certify" clinical and translational investigators. As experienced research educators, we argue that this certification process is unnecessary, values knowledge over competency, may be counter-productive, and is unlikely to achieve any worthwhile outcome. We lay out these arguments in the hope of stimulating a robust discussion among leaders, faculty, and learners engaged in clinical research education and training...
February 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649231/medications-adherence-and-associated-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#19
Aymen Elsous, Mahmoud Radwan, Hasnaa Al-Sharif, Ayman Abu Mustafa
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the adherence to anti-diabetic medications among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) seeking medical care in the Gaza Strip, Palestine. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 369 primary care patients with type 2 DM from October to December 2016. Adherence to medications was measured using the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-4). Socio-demographic and clinical variables, provider-patient relationship, health literacy, and health belief were examined for each patient...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648903/social-frailty-and-functional-disability-findings-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-studies
#20
Nigel Teo, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Shiou Liang Wee, Tze-Pin Ng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between the social frailty (SF) phenotype and functional disability, independently of the physical frailty (PF) phenotype, and compare the abilities of the PF, SF, and combined social and physical (PSF) indexes for predicting functional disability. METHOD: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of a population-based cohort (Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study, SLAS-1) of 2406 community-dwelling older adults with 3 years of follow-up (N = 1254 and N = 1557 for instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) disability and severe disability (≥3 basic ADL) respectively)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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