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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239920/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-south-east-asian-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-prevalence-subtypes-and-risk-factors
#1
Chathuri Yatawara, Shaun Hiu, Laura Tan, Nagaendran Kandiah
BACKGROUND: The subtypes and risk factors of neuropsychiatric symptoms remain largely unexplored in South-East Asian populations. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence, subtypes, and risk factors, namely, demographic, medical morbidity, and cognitive impairment associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms in a South-East Asian cohort of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. METHODS: A clinical cohort of 38 MCI and 198 mild-moderate dementia patients were assessed using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Questionnaire...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239881/how-chronic-disease-affects-children-s-views-on-being-ill-and-healthy-a-comparative-study
#2
Lígia Lima, Vanessa Silva, Marina S Lemos
BACKGROUND: Understanding children's views of illness and health is vital to a child-centred approach in patient education and care. Paediatric healthcare providers should incorporate children's views of health and illness to enable children and their families to participate in self-management plans and achieve better health outcomes. However, there is limited scientific knowledge regarding the views of children with specific diseases. METHOD: This comparative study investigated whether and in what ways the experience of having different chronic diseases influenced children's views of being ill and healthy...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239599/iran-diabetes-research-roadmap-idrr-study-a-preliminary-study-on-diabetes-research-in-the-world-and-iran
#3
Ensieh Nasli-Esfahani, Farshad Farzadfar, Marjan Kouhnavard, Robabeh Ghodssi-Ghassemabadi, Alireza Khajavi, Maryam Peimani, Rezvan Razmandeh, Mahboobeh Vala, Gita Shafiee, Camelia Rambod, Mahnaz Sanjari, Maryam Aalaa, Maryam Ghodsi, Farideh Razi, Fatemeh Bandarian, Bagher Larijani
BACKGROUNDS: Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic disorders worldwide. This study aim was to provide detail analysis of diabetes research output and its trend in Iran as well as in the world and compare them. METHODS: Data was retrieved from PubMed database using a suitable search strategy and application of proper operator "AND", "OR" and "NOT". All English documents published from 2008 to 2012 were included. Meeting abstract, letter to the editor, guidelines, consensus and reviews were excluded...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239527/uric-acid-is-associated-with-vascular-dementia-in-chinese-population
#4
Yuzhen Xu, Qian Wang, Ruiting Cui, Kaili Lu, Yunlin Liu, Yuwu Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Mounting evidence suggests that oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of vascular dementia (VD). Uric acid (UA) has long been implicated as a critical cause of cardiovascular disease. Nevertheless, UA was also expected to play an important role in antioxidant and neuroprotection recently. We hypothesized that UA may have a protective role against VD. The aim of this study was to investigate the link between serum UA and cognitive dysfunction in VD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were altogether 127 VD subjects and 81 nondemented controls enrolled in our study...
February 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239516/nonmotor-symptoms-in-primary-adult-onset-cervical-dystonia-and-blepharospasm
#5
Jing Yang, Na Shao, Wei Song, Qianqian Wei, Ruwei Ou, Ying Wu, Hui-Fang Shang
BACKGROUND: The nature and frequency of nonmotor symptoms in primary adult-onset cervical dystonia (CD) and blepharospasm (BSP) patients in Chinese populations remain unknown. METHODS: Hamilton's Depression Scale (HAMD), Hamilton's Anxiety Scale (HAMA), Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination Revised (ACE-R), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale were used to evaluate NMS in 120 patients with primary focal adult-onset dystonia (60 with BSP and 60 with CD) and 60 age-, sex-, and education level- matched healthy controls (HCs)...
February 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239485/protocol-for-the-evaluation-of-a-digital-storytelling-approach-to-address-stigma-and-improve-readiness-to-seek-services-among-veterans
#6
Brian E Bunnell, Tatiana M Davidson, Jessica L Hamblen, Danna L Cook, Anouk L Grubaugh, Brian E Lozano, Peter W Tuerk, Kenneth J Ruggiero
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that at least 10% of veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan meet criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to their military experiences. National dissemination initiatives have increased veterans' access to best-practice interventions. However, treatment-seeking remains low among veterans with PTSD, often due to perceived stigma and other associated barriers. The National Center for PTSD recently developed and launched AboutFace, a digital storytelling (DST) resource designed to help veterans recognize PTSD and motivate them to seek evidence-based treatment...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239187/virtual-worlds-to-support-patient-group-communication-a-questionnaire-study-investigating-potential-for-virtual-world-focus-group-use-by-respiratory-patients
#7
Michael J Taylor, Dave Taylor, Ivo Vlaev, Sarah Elkin
Recent advances in communication technologies enable potential provision of remote education for patients using computer-generated environments known as virtual worlds. Previous research has revealed highly variable levels of patient receptiveness to using information technologies for healthcare-related purposes. This preliminary study involved implementing a questionnaire investigating attitudes and access to computer technologies of respiratory outpatients, in order to assess potential for use of virtual worlds to facilitate health-related education for this sample...
January 2017: British Journal of Educational Technology: Journal of the Council for Educational Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239180/clinical-and-demographic-predictors-of-conversion-to-dementia-in-mexican-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#8
Sara G Aguilar-Navarro, Alberto J Mimenza-Alvarado, José Alberto Ávila-Funes, Teresa Juárez-Cedillo, Carolina Bernal-López, Celia G Hernández-Favela
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is considered a clinical stage between normal cognitive aging and dementia. The clinical course of MCI is heterogeneous, with a significant number of cases progressing to dementia or reverting back to normal. OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors of conversion from mild cognitive impairment to dementia among Mexican older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 175 persons underwent clinical and neuropsychological evaluation to establish mild cognitive impairment diagnosis...
January 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239024/in-practical-training-a-questionnaire-survey-and-analysis-to-pharmacy-students-of-the-utilization-situation-of-the-course-contents-of-pharmacy-school
#9
Masato Okubo, Yuka Takahashi, Jun Yamashita, Hideyo Takahashi, Okiko Miyata, Takaaki Suzuki, Itsuko Ishii
  Pharmacy education comprises basic pharmacy (organic chemistry, biochemistry, and physical chemistry) and applied pharmacy (clinical pharmacy, pharm aceutics, and chemical hygiene). Students are expected to apply these subjects studied in pharmacy school during their practical pharmacy training. However, knowledge gained in university does not appear to be fully utilized in practice. We hypothesized that this is due to a lack of connection between pre-practical training education and actual practical training...
February 24, 2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239002/racial-dynamics-and-cultural-competence-training-in-medical-and-pharmacy-education
#10
Margarita Echeverri, Theresa Dise
Using the Self-Assessment of Perceived Level of Cultural Competence (SAPLCC) questionnaire, frequencies, means, and ANOVAS were determined to create medical and pharmacy student profiles of cultural competence. Profiles were used to identify needs for training and underscore critical issues that should be given priority in the curriculum. Significant differences were found in several domains of cultural competence (knowledge, skills, attitudes, and abilities); they may be explained by differences in the implementation of a pilot curriculum, the racial composition of students in both programs, and other characteristics...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238756/gaps-in-patient-knowledge-about-risks-and-benefits-of-testosterone-replacement-therapy
#11
Kirven Gilbert, Cara B Cimmino, Lucius C Beebe, Akanksha Mehta
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient knowledge of the symptoms of testosterone deficiency, and the benefits and risks associated with testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). METHODS: An anonymous, 10-question multiple choice survey was administered to consecutive patients presenting for urologic evaluation at an academic medical center, from December 2015 to April 2016. The survey included questions about perceived symptoms of testosterone deficiency, perceived benefits and risks associated with TRT, whether or not respondents had a diagnosis of testosterone deficiency, and whether they were interested in receiving TRT...
February 23, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238739/consensus-based-recommendations-for-the-management-of-rapid-cognitive-decline-due-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Jianping Jia, Serge Gauthier, Sarah Pallotta, Yong Ji, Wenshi Wei, Shifu Xiao, Dantao Peng, Qihao Guo, Liyong Wu, Shengdi Chen, Weihong Kuang, Junjian Zhang, Cuibai Wei, Yi Tang
INTRODUCTION: Rapid cognitive decline (RCD) occurs in dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: Literature review, consensus meetings, and a retrospective chart review of patients with probable AD were conducted. RESULTS: Literature review showed that RCD definitions varied. Mini-Mental State Examination scores <20 at treatment onset, vascular risk factors, age <70 years at symptom onset, higher education levels, and early appearance of hallucinations, psychosis, or extrapyramidal symptoms are recognized RCD risk factors...
February 23, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238480/appropriateness-of-outpatient-echocardiograms-ordered-by-pediatric-cardiologists-or-other-clinicians
#13
Kirsten Rose-Felker, Michael S Kelleman, Robert M Campbell, Ritu Sachdeva
OBJECTIVE: To assess the appropriateness and diagnostic yield of TTEs ordered by various pediatric providers according to the pediatric appropriate use criteria (AUC) for outpatient transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) before its release. STUDY DESIGN: Clinic notes of patients aged ≤18 years who underwent initial outpatient TTE between April and September 2014 were reviewed to determine the AUC indication, and appropriateness was assigned based on the AUC document...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238404/knowledge-of-asthma-and-anaphylaxis-among-teachers-in-spanish-schools
#14
J C Juliá-Benito, M Escarrer-Jaume, M T Guerra-Pérez, J Contreras-Porta, E Tauler-Toro, A Madroñero-Tentor, J C Cerdá-Mir
INTRODUCTION: Allergic diseases affect 15-20% of the paediatric population in the industrialised world. Most educational centres in Spain do not have health professionals among their staff, and the teachers are in charge of child care in school. The advisability of specific training of the teaching staff should be considered, with the introduction of concrete intervention plans in the event of life-threatening emergencies in schools. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of the training needs constitutes the first step in planning an educational project...
February 18, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238351/antenatal-weight-management-diet-physical-activity-and-gestational-weight-gain-in-early-pregnancy
#15
Judy A Swift, Kirsty J Elliott-Sale, Jo Pearce, Preeti H Jethwa, Moira A Taylor, Amanda Avery, Sarah Ellis, Simon C Langley-Evans, Sarah McMullen
OBJECTIVE: to investigate women's physical activity levels, diet and gestational weight gain, and their experiences and motivations of behavior change. DESIGN: analysis of cross-sectional data collected during a longitudinal, cohort study examining physiological, psychological, sociodemographic, and self-reported behavioural measures relating to bodyweight. SETTING: women recruited from routine antenatal clinics at the Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust...
January 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238291/modelling-the-risk-factors-for-birth-weight-in-twin-gestations-a-quantile-regression-approach
#16
A John Michael, Belavendra Antonisamy, S Mahasampath Gowri, Ramasami Prakash
Birth weight is used as a proxy for the general health condition of newborns. Low birth weight leads to adverse events and its effects on child growth are both short- and long-term. Low birth weight babies are more common in twin gestations. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of maternal and socio-demographic risk factors at various quantiles of the birth weight distribution for twin gestations using quantile regression, a robust semi-parametric technique. Birth records of multiple pregnancies from between 1991 and 2005 were identified retrospectively from the birth registry of the Christian Medical College and hospitals in Vellore, India...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238289/challenges-to-safe-injection-practices-in-ambulatory-care
#17
Laura Anderson, Benjamin Weissburg, Kelli Rogers, Jackson Musuuza, Nasia Safdar, Daniel Shirley
Most recent infection outbreaks caused by unsafe injection practices in the United States have occurred in ambulatory settings. We utilized direct observation and a survey to assess injection practices at 31 clinics. Improper vial use was observed at 13 clinics (41.9%). Pharmacy support and healthcare worker education may improve injection practices. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;1-3.
February 27, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238018/the-iliotibial-tract-imaging-anatomy-injuries-and-other-pathology
#18
REVIEW
Russell Flato, Giovanni J Passanante, Matthew R Skalski, Dakshesh B Patel, Eric A White, George R Matcuk
The iliotibial tract, also known as Maissiat's band or the iliotibial band, and its associated muscles function to extend, abduct, and laterally rotate the hip, as well as aid in the stabilization of the knee. A select group of associated injuries and pathologies of the iliotibial tract are seen as sequela of repetitive stress and direct trauma. This article intends to educate the radiologist, orthopedist, and other clinicians about iliotibial tract anatomy and function and the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, and imaging findings of associated pathologies...
February 25, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237842/can-an-educational-application-increase-risk-perception-accuracy-amongst-patients-attending-a-high-risk-breast-cancer-clinic
#19
D Keohane, E Lehane, E Rutherford, V Livingstone, L Kelly, S Kaimkhani, F O'Connell, H P Redmond, M A Corrigan
OBJECTIVES: To design, develop and test the effect of an educational initiative to improve risk perception amongst patients attending a high-risk breast cancer clinic. This was achieved through three objectives - 1. identifying an optimal method of presenting risk data, 2. designing and building a risk application, and 3. testing the ability of the application to successfully modify patients perceived risk of cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mobile application was developed for this project using best practice methods for displaying risk information...
February 23, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237746/cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-depressed-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-an-open-trial
#20
José María García-Alberca
BACKGROUND: Depression has a high prevalence among patients with Alzheimer's disease, and it has a significant negative impact on their functioning. However, despite its significant impact and challenge, few treatment outcomes data are available to guide clinical care of depression among this population. We developed a cognitive-behavioral intervention to persons with AD. In this paper, we describe the intervention and results of an open trial evaluating its feasibility and utility. SETTING: Dementia Unit...
February 14, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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