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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929091/australian-final-year-nursing-students-and-registered-nurse-supervisors-perceptions-of-a-gerontology-clinical-learning-experience-a-preliminary-appraisal
#1
Colleen Ryan, Pammie Ellem, Leeanne Heaton, Jennifer Mulvogue, Marina Cousins, Linda De George-Walker
Current international research suggests universities providing nursing education should focus on shifting students' attitudes towards valuing clinical learning derived from aged care settings, offering support and education for aged care facility staff supervising nursing students' learning in the aged care setting, and encouraging nursing graduates to consider pursuing careers in gerontology nursing. Against this international backdrop, one Australian School of Nursing designed a structured clinical learning experience to offer final year nursing students an opportunity to further their knowledge and understanding of the complexities of the role of the gerontology registered nurse...
June 15, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929090/nurses-experiences-of-using-clinical-competencies-a-qualitative-study
#2
Paula C Lamb, Christine Norton
Nurses working in haemodialysis units are expected to demonstrate competency and understanding of the technical processes involved in supporting patients undergoing haemodialysis treatment. In 2012 the nursing education team within a large acute National Health Service (NHS) London Hospital Group updated and standardised haemodialysis clinical competencies to assist junior haemodialysis nurses develop their clinical skills and knowledge in delivering nursing care to patients receiving haemodialysis treatment...
June 12, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928666/a-program-director-survey-of-the-clinical-base-year-in-anesthesiology-residency-programs
#3
Agathe Streiff, Barbara Orlando, Bryan Mahoney
Background: To maintain compliance with the current shift towards competency-based milestone assessment in graduate medical education, residency training programs must reflect this emphasis in their curricula starting with the intern year of training.1 In working towards collaborative efforts in curricular development between Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) anesthesiology residency programs, understanding the structure and design of the clinical base year for anesthesiology residency programs nationwide will serve as a valuable initial step...
January 2018: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928664/utilization-of-the-flipped-classroom-in-anesthesiology-graduate-medical-education-an-initial-survey-of-faculty-beliefs-and-practices-about-active-learning
#4
Susan M Martinelli, Fei Chen, Matthew D Mcevoy, David A Zvara, Randall M Schell
Background: Flipped classroom (FC) is an active learning (AL) technique thought to have potential benefits in anesthesiology resident education. This survey aimed to determine the frequency of FC utilization, barriers of utilization, and means to overcome these barriers. Method: A web-based questionnaire was developed to survey anesthesiology faculty on their knowledge of and experience with FC. The Society of Academic Associations of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine sent the survey to all United States core program directors (PD) via their list serve with a request for the PDs to forward the survey invitation to their clinical faculty...
January 2018: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928137/success-of-nutrition-therapy-interventions-in-persons-with-type-2-diabetes-challenges-and-future-directions
#5
REVIEW
Marion J Franz, Janice MacLeod
A systematic review was conducted by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics to determine the evidence for the effectiveness of individualized nutrition therapy provided by a dietitian nutritionist and evidence-based (EB) nutrition-therapy interventions in adults with diabetes. This article briefly reviews the systematic process used and summarizes the effectiveness evidence and intervention recommendations. In persons with type 2 diabetes (T2D), 18 studies met study criteria for the effectiveness question. A 0...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928117/pharmacists-training-to-improve-inhaler-technique-of-patients-with-copd-in-vietnam
#6
Tu-Son Nguyen, Thi Lien Huong Nguyen, Thi Thuy Van Pham, Susan Hua, Quy Chau Ngo, Shu Chuen Li
Background: Incorrect use of inhalers is very common and subsequently leads to poor control of COPD. Among health care providers, pharmacists are in the best position to educate patients about the correct use of inhaler devices. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmacist-led training on the improvement of inhaler technique for COPD patients in Vietnam. Patients and methods: For this pre- and post-intervention study, standardized checklists of correct use of metered-dose inhalers (MDIs) and dry powder inhalers (DPIs) were used to evaluate the inhaler technique...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928034/use-of-dietary-and-performance-enhancing-supplements-among-male-fitness-center-members-in-riyadh-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Yazed AlRuthia, Bander Balkhi, Marwan Alrasheed, Ahmed Altuwaijri, Mohammad Alarifi, Huda Alzahrani, Wael Mansy
This study aimed to explore the health beliefs and patterns of dietary supplement usage among fitness center members. This cross-sectional study was conducted in four large indoor fitness centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. This study involved male fitness center members aged ≥18 years with no speech or hearing disabilities. In-person interviews were conducted with fitness center members who agreed to participate using a newly developed questionnaire. Information on participants' sociodemographics (e.g., age and education), smoking status, health status, exercise frequency, average time spent exercising, different supplements used, used supplements sources, and health beliefs regarding dietary supplements were obtained...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927935/the-influence-of-poverty-and-rabies-knowledge-on-healthcare-seeking-behaviors-and-dog-ownership-cameroon
#8
Galileu Barbosa Costa, Amy Gilbert, Benjamin Monroe, Jesse Blanton, Sali Ngam Ngam, Sergio Recuenco, Ryan Wallace
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a fatal encephalitis caused by lyssaviruses, with most human cases worldwide resulting from rabid dog bites. Although effective animal and human vaccines have been available for over 100 years, control efforts have not been adequately implemented on the global scale and rabies remains one of the greatest global zoonotic threats to human health. We conducted a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey in Northern Cameroon to describe dog ownership characteristics, rates of dog bites, and post-bite healthcare seeking behaviors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927720/improving-family-medicine-resident-training-in-dementia-care-an-experiential-learning-opportunity-in-primary-care-collaborative-memory-clinics
#9
Linda Lee, W Wayne Weston, Loretta Hillier, Douglas Archibald, Joseph Lee
Family physicians often find themselves inadequately prepared to manage dementia. This article describes the curriculum for a resident training intervention in Primary Care Collaborative Memory Clinics (PCCMC), outlines its underlying educational principles, and examines its impact on residents' ability to provide dementia care. PCCMCs are family physician-led interprofessional clinic teams that provide evidence-informed comprehensive assessment and management of memory concerns. Within PCCMCs residents learn to apply a structured approach to assessment, diagnosis, and management; training consists of a tutorial covering various topics related to dementia followed by work-based learning within the clinic...
June 21, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927711/a-systematic-review-of-asynchronous-provider-to-provider-electronic-consultation-services-to-improve-access-to-specialty-care-available-worldwide
#10
Clare Liddy, Isabella Moroz, Ariana Mihan, Nikhat Nawar, Erin Keely
BACKGROUND: Electronic consultation (eConsult) is an asynchronous electronic communication tool allowing primary care providers to obtain a specialist consultant's expert opinion in a timely manner, thereby offering a potential solution to excessive wait times for specialist care, which remain a serious concern in many countries. INTRODUCTION: Our 2014 review of eConsult services demonstrated feasibility and high acceptability among patients and providers. However, gaps remain in knowledge regarding eConsult's impact on system costs and patient outcomes...
June 21, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927661/patient-and-provider-perspectives-on-uptake-of-a-shared-decision-making-intervention-for-asthma-in-primary-care-practices
#11
Madelyn Welch, Tom Ludden, Kathleen Mottus, Paul Bray, Lori Hendrickson, Jennifer Rees, Jacqueline Halladay, Hazel Tapp
OBJECTIVE: Poor outcomes and health disparities related to asthma result in part from difficulty disseminating new evidence such as shared decision making (SDM) into clinical practice. As part of a three-arm cluster randomized dissemination study, evaluation of the impact of different dissemination methods was studied. Here we evaluate themes from patient and provider focus groups to assess the impact of a facilitated, traditional dissemination approach, or no intervention, on patient and provider perspectives of asthma care...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927640/does-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-improve-functional-and-radiographic-outcomes-over-nonoperative-management-5-years-after-injury
#12
Elizabeth Wellsandt, Matthew J Failla, Michael J Axe, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Current practice patterns for the management of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury favor surgical reconstruction. However, long-term outcomes may not differ between patients completing operative and nonoperative treatment of ACL injury. Differences in outcomes between operative and nonoperative treatment of patients in the United States is largely unknown, as are outcomes in long-term strength and performance measures. PURPOSE: To determine if differences exist in 5-year functional and radiographic outcomes between patients completing operative and nonoperative treatment of ACL injury when both groups complete a progressive criterion-based rehabilitation protocol...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927509/quantitative-analysis-of-anxiety-levels-of-nursing-students-studying-bioscience-in-australia
#13
Sheila M Mortimer-Jones, Peter G Wall, Susan Russell
Nursing students traditionally find bioscience difficult and anxiety provoking. This has important ramifications, as anxiety can hinder comprehension and lead to poor exam performance. The aim of the present study was to assess whether there was any difference between the anxiety levels of nursing students during their bioscience laboratory classes compared to their clinical laboratory classes. Students were recruited from a first year Bachelor of Nursing program. The self-report State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (short form) was administered at the start of all classes throughout the semester...
June 21, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926966/ics-educational-module-cough-stress-test-in-the-evaluation-of-female-urinary-incontinence-introducing-the-ics-uniform-cough-stress-test
#14
Michael L Guralnick, Xavier Fritel, Tufan Tarcan, Montserrat Espuna-Pons, Peter F W M Rosier
INTRODUCTION: A cough stress test (CST) is recommended in the evaluation of the uncomplicated female patient with the complaint of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) to identify the sign of SUI, and is often used as an outcome measure following SUI treatment. However, there has been no standardization of the performance or reporting of CST. A working group of the International Continence Society (ICS) has developed an educational module, comprising a Powerpoint™ presentation and evidence base manuscript, to instruct on the performance, interpretation, and reporting of the CST in a standardized manner: the ICS-Uniform Cough Stress Test (ICS-UCST)...
June 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926440/physician-knowledge-of-human-genetic-variation-beliefs-about-race-and-genetics-and-use-of-race-in-clinical-decision-making
#15
Sherrill L Sellers, Brooke A Cunningham, Vence L Bonham
BACKGROUND: Race in the USA has an enduring connection to health and well-being. It is often used as a proxy for ancestry and genetic variation, although self-identified race does not establish genetic risk of disease for an individual patient. How physicians reconcile these seemingly paradoxical facts as they make clinical decisions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine physicians' genetic knowledge and beliefs about race with their use of race in clinical decision-making DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of a national sample of clinically active general internists RESULTS: Seven hundred eighty-seven physicians completed the survey...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926322/attitudes-of-nurses-in-turkey-toward-care-of-dying-individual-and-the-associated-religious-and-cultural-factors
#16
Ezgi Karadag, Serap Parlar Kilic, Ozlem Ugur, Merve Aliye Akyol
The aim of this study was to determine the attitudes of nurses working in two university hospitals located in the west and east of Turkey toward care of dying individual as well as religious and cultural factors that influence their attitudes. The descriptive and comparative study was conducted with a total of 189 nurses who were working in adult inpatient clinics of two university hospitals in western (101 nurses) and eastern (88 nurses) Turkey between July and November 2016. The data were obtained by using the questionnaire and Frommelt Attitudes Toward Care of the Dying Scale...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926161/long-term-implications-of-autologous-hct-for-caregiver-quality-of-life-how-does-the-survivor-s-health-matter
#17
Irena Stepanikova, Karen Powroznik, Karen Cook, D Kathryn Tierney, Ginna Laport
INTRODUCTION: This study examines caregiver quality of life (CQOL) 3-26 years after autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for patients with lymphoma. Using a framework that views the patient-caregiver dyad as a system of mutual influence, we argue that CQOL is associated with survivor functional health status and sense of personal control. METHODS: Ninety-nine autologous HCT survivor-caregiver dyads participated. CQOL was measured using the Caregiver Quality of Life Scale-Cancer...
June 20, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926135/urgent-need-to-modernize-pharmacovigilance-education-in-healthcare-curricula-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Michael Reumerman, J Tichelaar, B Piersma, M C Richir, M A van Agtmael
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacovigilance education is essential since adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a serious health problem and contribute to unnecessary patient burden and hospital admissions. Healthcare professionals have little awareness of pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting, and only few educational interventions had durable effects on this awareness. Our future healthcare providers should therefore acquire an adequate set of pharmacovigilance competencies to rationally prescribe, distribute, and monitor drugs...
June 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925846/-a-palliative-end-stage-copd-patient-does-not-exist-a-qualitative-study-of-barriers-to-and-facilitators-for-early-integration-of-palliative-home-care-for-end-stage-copd
#19
Charlotte Scheerens, Luc Deliens, Simon Van Belle, Guy Joos, Peter Pype, Kenneth Chambaere
Early integration of palliative home care (PHC) might positively affect people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, PHC as a holistic approach is not well integrated in clinical practice at the end-stage COPD. General practitioners (GPs) and community nurses (CNs) are highly involved in primary and home care and could provide valuable perspectives about barriers to and facilitators for early integrated PHC in end-stage COPD. Three focus groups were organised with GPs (n = 28) and four with CNs (n = 28), transcribed verbatim and comparatively analysed...
June 20, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925574/improving-guideline-based-streptococcal-pharyngitis-testing-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#20
Laura E Norton, Brian R Lee, Lory Harte, Keith Mann, Jason G Newland, R Alan Grimes, Angela L Myers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acute pharyngitis is a common diagnosis in ambulatory pediatrics. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) clinical practice guideline for group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis recommends strict criteria for GAS testing to avoid misdiagnosis and unnecessary treatment of children who are colonized with group A Streptococcus . We sought to improve adherence to the IDSA guideline for testing and treatment of GAS pharyngitis in a large community pediatrics practice...
June 20, 2018: Pediatrics
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