keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Transplant side effects

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453447/embryonic-stem-cell-transplants-as-a-therapeutic-strategy-in-a-rodent-model-of-autism
#1
Jennifer J Donegan, Angela M Boley, Daniel J Lodge
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by disruptions in three core behavioral domains: deficits in social interaction, impairments in communication, and repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior or thought. There are currently no drugs available for the treatment of the core symptoms of ASD and drugs that target comorbid symptoms often have serious adverse side effects, suggesting an urgent need for new therapeutic strategies. The neurobiology of autism is complex, but converging evidence suggests that ASD involves disruptions in the inhibitory GABAergic neurotransmitter system...
February 7, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452664/the-role-of-stem-cell-transplantation-in-follicular-lymphoma
#2
REVIEW
Georg Hess
With the introduction of novel treatments paradigms to if or when to use transplantation strategies for patients with follicular lymphoma have changed substantially. Autologous transplantation has been intensively evaluated as consolidation after first induction treatment with positive effects, however the introduction of Rituximab led to comparable improvements and HDT has been moved to relapse treatment. In this indication HDT was frequently use already at first relapse, but now is dominantly used in patients with a highrisk profile, e...
March 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446982/development-of-an-omentum-cultured-oesophageal-scaffold-reinforced-by-a-3d-printed-ring-feasibility-of-an-in-vivo-bioreactor
#3
Eun-Jae Chung, Hyung Woo Ju, Yeung Kyu Yeon, Ji Seung Lee, Young Jin Lee, Ye Been Seo, Park Chan Hum
Current treatments of oesophageal diseases, such as carcinoma, congenital abnormality or trauma, require surgical intervention and oesophageal reconstruction with the stomach, jejunum or colon. However, serious side effects are possible with each treatment option. Despite tissue engineering promising to be an effective regenerative strategy, no functional solution currently exists for oesophageal reconstruction. Here, we developed an omentum-cultured oesophageal scaffold reinforced by a 3D-printed ring. The nano-structured scaffolds were wrapped into the omentum of rats and orthotopically transplanted for the repair of circumferential oesophageal defects two weeks later...
February 15, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446001/canakinumab-treatment-in-renal-transplant-recipients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever
#4
Tolga Yildirim, Rahmi Yilmaz, Muge Uzerk Kibar, Yunus Erdem
Colchicine is the first-line treatment for familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), preventing both inflammatory attacks as well as the development of amyloidosis in the majority of the patients. However approximately 5-10% of patients are colchicine resistant/intolerant. Side effects of colchicine are more prominent in renal transplant recipients due to interaction with immunosuppressive drugs. Anti-interleukin (IL)-1 drugs (anakinra, canakinumab and rilonacept) have emerged as the most promising drugs in the treatment of colchicine-resistant and/or intolerant FMF...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445104/genetic-modification-to-induce-cxcr2-overexpression-in-mesenchymal-stem-cells-enhances-treatment-benefits-in-radiation-induced-oral-mucositis
#5
Zongshan Shen, Jiancheng Wang, Qiting Huang, Yue Shi, Zhewei Wei, Xiaoran Zhang, Yuan Qiu, Min Zhang, Yi Wang, Wei Qin, Shuheng Huang, Yinong Huang, Xin Liu, Kai Xia, Xinchun Zhang, Zhengmei Lin
Radiation-induced oral mucositis affects patient quality of life and reduces tolerance to cancer therapy. Unfortunately, traditional treatments are insufficient for the treatment of mucositis and might elicit severe side effects. Due to their immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties, the transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a potential therapeutic strategy for mucositis. However, systemically infused MSCs rarely reach inflamed sites, impacting their clinical efficacy. Previous studies have demonstrated that chemokine axes play an important role in MSC targeting...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436690/effects-of-low-intensity-ultrasound-combined-with-low-dose-carboplatin-in-an-orthotopic-hamster-model-of-tongue-cancer-a-preclinical-study
#6
Hai-Xia Li, Jin-Hua Zheng, Liang Ji, Guan-Yao Liu, Yv-Kun Lv, Dan Yang, Zheng Hu, He Chen, Feng-Min Zhang, Wenwu Cao
Low-intensity ultrasound (LIUS) combined with chemotherapy is an innovative modality for cancer treatment, but its effect on orthotopic carcinoma remains unknown. Our previous study revealed that LIUS enhanced the growth inhibitory effects of several chemotherapeutic drugs in nude mice with transplanted tumors. In the present study, we used 7,12-dimethylbenz(alpha)anthracene to induce orthotopic tongue carcinogenesis in hamsters. We used the first-line chemotherapy drug for tongue cancer, carboplatin (CBP) in combination with LIUS to investigate the synergistic effect...
February 13, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423678/quality-of-life-trajectories-during-the-first-year-following-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-an-inception-cohort-study
#7
Gerald M Devins, Kenneth Mah, Hans A Messner, Anargyros Xenocostas, Lise Gauvin, Jeffrey H Lipton
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) affects quality of life (QOL). Patient-reported outcomes examine symptoms, side effects, distress, and physical and social problems, but positive outcomes have been ignored. This inception cohort study followed people over the first year following HCT to document positive and negative outcomes. METHODS: People with hematologic cancers treated by HCT completed complementary self-report instruments at four milestones: (a) pre-transplant (N = 88); (b) engraftment (N = 80); (c) short-term post-discharge (N = 60); and (d) long-term post-discharge (N = 45)...
February 8, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423356/stem-cell-therapies-for-the-resolution-of-radiation-injury-to-the-brain
#8
Sarah M Smith, Charles L Limoli
Purpose of review: To encapsulate past and current research efforts focused on stem cell transplantation strategies to resolve radiation-induced cognitive dysfunction. Recent Findings: Transplantation of human stem cells in the irradiated brain was first shown to resolve radiation-induced cognitive dysfunction in a landmark paper by Acharya et al., appearing in PNAS in 2009. Since that time, work from the same laboratory as well as other groups have reported on the beneficial (as well as detrimental) effects of stem cell grafting after cranial radiation exposure...
December 2017: Current Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417689/efficacy-of-high-dose-steroids-for-bronchiolitis-obliterans-syndrome-post-pediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#9
Ehud Even-Or, Hasan Ghandourah, Muhammad Ali, Joerg Krueger, Neil B Sweezey, Tal Schechter
BOS is the pulmonary manifestation of cGvHD post-allogeneic HSCT. Survival and treatment of this often fatal complication have not improved over the last 20 years and there is no clear standard of care. For the past 10 years, BOS was treated in our center with monthly cycles of HDPS. We reviewed the outcomes of patients with post-HSCT BOS who met the diagnostic criteria for BOS as per the NIH consensus and were treated with at least one cycle of methylprednisolone at a dose of 10-30 mg/kg/d×3 d. We collected demographic and clinical data, responses to treatment and results of pulmonary function tests at several time points...
February 7, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411990/diagnosis-and-management-of-hepatic-encephalopathy
#10
Debbie L Shawcross
Overt and covert hepatic encephalopathy (HE) are debilitating complications of cirrhosis. HE results in a poor quality of life for patients and their caregivers and, unless there is access to liver transplantation, the prognosis is poor. The development of overt HE is often unpredictable, and its management, particularly in the ward, remains challenging. There is an urgent need for novel approaches to treat HE. Until recently, therapies for this complication were disappointing, with frequently intolerable side effects such as diarrhoea and faecal incontinence...
February 7, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399543/the-effect-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-extracellular-vesicles-on-hematopoietic-stem-cells-fate
#11
REVIEW
Hamze Timari, Karim Shamsasenjan, Aliakbar Movassaghpour, Parvin Akbarzadehlaleh, Davod Pashoutan Sarvar, Sara Aqmasheh
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are multipotent stem cells, with self-renewal ability as well as ability to generate all blood cells. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stem cells, with self-renewal ability, and capable of differentiating into a variety of cell types. MSCs have supporting effects on hematopoiesis; through direct intercellular communications as well as secreting cytokines, chemokines, and extracellular vesicles (EVs). Recent investigations demonstrated that some biological functions and effects of MSCs are mediated by their EVs...
December 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392716/n-acetyl-l-cysteine-improves-mesenchymal-stem-cell-function-in-prolonged-isolated-thrombocytopenia-post-allotransplant
#12
Yuan Kong, Yang Song, Fei-Fei Tang, Hong-Yan Zhao, Yu-Hong Chen, Wei Han, Chen-Hua Yan, Yu Wang, Xiao-Hui Zhang, Lan-Ping Xu, Xiao-Jun Huang
Prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia (PT) is a serious complication of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Murine studies and in vitro experiments suggest that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can, not only to support haematopoiesis, but also preferentially support megakaryocytopoiesis in bone marrow (BM). However, little is known about the quantity and function of BM MSCs in PT patients. In a case-control study, we found that BM MSCs from PT patients exhibited significantly reduced proliferative capacities, increased reactive oxygen species and senescence...
February 2, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390534/toe-keloid-after-nail-extraction-treated-with-surgical-excision-a-case-report
#13
Hao Liu, Kexin Song, Mingzi Zhang, Xinhang Dong, Shu Liu, Youbin Wang
RATIONALE: In this study, a case of toe keloid after nail extraction is presented, in which the keloids on both toes were resected by surgical excision. Keloids (from the Greek word meaning "crab's claw") are fibrous growths that extend beyond the original area of injury to involve the adjacent normal skin. In general, keloid tendencies appear to be regionally isolated to keloid-prone areas, such as the chest, ears, and deltoid regions, whereas the hands and feet are usually spared, which is why this case is meaningful...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382426/-subcutaneous-transplants-of-juvenile-rat-testicular-tissues-continue-to-develop-and-secret-androgen-in-adult-rats
#14
Zhou Yu, Tong Wang, Jiangbo Cui, Yajuan Song, Xianjie Ma, Yingjun Su, Pai Peng
Objective To explore the effects of subcutaneous microenvironment of adult rats on survival, development and androgen secretion of Leydig cells of transplanted juvenile rat testis. Methods Healthy adult SD rats were randomly divided into control group, sham group, castrated group and non-castrated group. Rats in the control group were kept intact, no testis was transplanted subcutaneously after adult recipients were castrated in the sham group; 5-7-day juvenile rat testes were transplanted subcutaneously in the castrated group, with one testis per side; Testes resected from juvenile rats were directly transplanted subcutaneously on both sides of the recipients in the non-castrated group...
December 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380698/pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-and-pharmacogenetics-of-tacrolimus-in-kidney-transplantation
#15
Meng Yu, Mouze Liu, Wei Zhang, Yingzi Ming
Tacrolimus(Tac) is a first-line immunosuppressive drug used mainly after allogeneic organ transplant to reduce rejection. Tac is proved to be effective in preventing acute rejection, yet it has considerable toxicity and displays marked inter-individual variability in its pharmacokinetics(PK) and pharmacodynamics(PD). Established pharmacogenetics(PG) discoveries are being investigated on drug absorption, metabolism, disposition, excretion and response for better clinical application. The purpose of the present review is to picture the current status of Tac PG, and discuss the relationship between its PK and PD in kidney transplantation...
January 29, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380240/calcineurin-is-an-important-factor-involved-in-glucose-uptake-in-human-adipocytes
#16
Ana Catarina R G Fonseca, Eugénia Carvalho, Jan W Eriksson, Maria J Pereira
Calcineurin inhibitors are used in immunosuppressive therapy applied after transplantation, but they are associated with major metabolic side effects including the development of new onset diabetes. Previously, we have shown that the calcineurin inhibiting drugs tacrolimus and cyclosporin A reduce adipocyte and myocyte glucose uptakes by reducing the amount of glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) at the cell surface, due to an increased internalization rate. However, this happens without alteration in total protein and phosphorylation levels of key proteins involved in insulin signalling or in the total amount of GLUT4...
January 27, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371242/plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-promotes-neutrophil-infiltration-and-tissue-injury-on-ischemia-reperfusion
#17
Marc Praetner, Gabriele Zuchtriegel, Martin Holzer, Bernd Uhl, Johanna Schaubächer, Laura Mittmann, Matthias Fabritius, Robert Fürst, Stefan Zahler, Dominik Funken, Maximilian Lerchenberger, Andrej Khandoga, Sandip Kanse, Kirsten Lauber, Fritz Krombach, Christoph A Reichel
OBJECTIVE: Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury significantly contributes to organ dysfunction and failure after myocardial infarction, stroke, and transplantation. In addition to its established role in the fibrinolytic system, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of I/R injury. The underlying mechanisms remain largely obscure. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Using different in vivo microscopy techniques as well as ex vivo analyses and in vitro assays, we identified that plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 rapidly accumulates on microvascular endothelial cells on I/R enabling this protease inhibitor to exhibit previously unrecognized functional properties by inducing an increase in the affinity of β2 integrins in intravascularly rolling neutrophils...
January 25, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362503/alloantigen-expression-on-malignant-cells-and-healthy-host-tissue-influences-graft-versus-tumor-reactions-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#18
Stella Robert, Jörn C Albring, Karin Frebel, Corinna Opitz, Jennifer Urh, Claudia Wolf, Christine Heinrich, Wolfgang E Berdel, Matthias Stelljes
Durable remissions of hematological malignancies regularly observed following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT) are due to the conditioning regimen, as well as an immunological phenomenon called graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) or graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effect. The development of GVL is closely linked to graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), the main side effect associated with aHSCT. Both, GVHD and GVL are mediated by donor T cells that are initially activated by antigen-presenting cells that present recipient-derived alloantigens in the context of either matched or mismatched MHC class I molecules...
January 23, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359288/-renal-manifestation-in-anca-associated-vasculitis
#19
Marion Haubitz
In patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis renal involvement is frequently seen and the severity of renal manifestation is very important for therapeutic strategies and prognosis. Clinically rapid loss of renal function, nephritic sediment and proteinuria in a non-nephrotic range are characterizing a focal segmental necrotizing pauci-immune glomerulonephritis with extrarenal proliferations. Induction treatment depends on the severity of manifestations. With a normal renal function methotrexate can be used in combination with steroids...
January 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352420/diagnosis-and-management-of-hepatitis-c-infection-in-primary-care-settings
#20
Debra Guss, Jagannath Sherigar, Paul Rosen, Smruti R Mohanty
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a significant health problem worldwide, and is the leading cause of cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver transplantation in the United States. The management of HCV has changed significantly over the last 5 years, as treatments have become simpler and more efficacious. Medication efficacy is now greater than 90%, with a high barrier to resistance and few side effects. This review is a collaboration between primary care and hepatology providers to explore all aspects of HCV management: acute versus chronic HCV infection, transmission and testing, and diagnosis and treatment...
January 19, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
24221
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"