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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426908/clinically-useful-brain-imaging-for-neuropsychiatry-how-can-we-get-there
#1
REVIEW
Michael P Milham, R Cameron Craddock, Arno Klein
Despite decades of research, visions of transforming neuropsychiatry through the development of brain imaging-based "growth charts" or "lab tests" have remained out of reach. In recent years, there is renewed enthusiasm about the prospect of achieving clinically useful tools capable of aiding the diagnosis and management of neuropsychiatric disorders. The present work explores the basis for this enthusiasm. We assert that there is no single advance that currently has the potential to drive the field of clinical brain imaging forward...
April 20, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426117/identifying-the-gaps-in-nepalese-migrant-workers-health-and-well-being-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Padam P Simkhada, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423478/a-qualitative-study-of-community-nurses-decision-making-around-the-anticipatory-prescribing-of-end-of-life-medications
#3
Ben Bowers, Sarah Redsell
AIMS: To explore community nurses' decision-making processes around the prescribing of anticipatory medications for people who are dying. BACKGROUND: Community nurses frequently initiate the prescribing of anticipatory medications to help control symptoms in those who are dying. However, little is known about their decision-making processes in relation to when they instigate anticipatory prescribing and their discussions with families and General Practitioners. DESIGN: A qualitative interpretive descriptive enquiry...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422777/population-based-epidemiology-of-sepsis-in-a-subdistrict-of-beijing
#4
Jianfang Zhou, Hongcheng Tian, Xueping Du, Xiuming Xi, Youzhong An, Meili Duan, Li Weng, Bin Du
OBJECTIVE: Information about the epidemiology of sepsis in community residents in China remains scarce and incomplete. The purpose of this study was to describe the occurrence rate and outcome of sepsis in Yuetan Subdistrict of Beijing and to estimate the occurrence rate of sepsis in China. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: All public hospitals serving residents in Yuetan Subdistrict, Beijing. PATIENTS: All patients (n = 1,716) meeting criteria for sepsis based on American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine consensus definition...
April 18, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421804/composition-and-diversity-of-acaroids-mites-acari-astigmata-community-in-the-stored-rhizomatic-traditional-chinese-medicinal-materials
#5
Xiaodong Zhan, Yilong Xi, Chaopin Li, Jinhong Zhao, Guo Wei
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the species and breeding density of ac a roid mites in the stored rhizomatic traditional Chinese medicinal materials in Anhui province, China, in order to supply evidences for control and prevention of such species. METHODS: The stored traditional Chinese medicinal materials of root-stock origins were collected in 30 herb stores and warehouses in 17 cities across Anhui province. Mites were collected by using Tullgren funnel and directicopy, and identified under microscopy...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421797/malnutrition-in-hospitalized-patients-results-from-la-rioja
#6
Ángela Martín Palmero, Andra Serrano Pérez, Mª José Chinchetru Ranedo, Alejandro Cámara Balda, Mª Ángeles Martínez de Salinas Santamarí, Gonzalo Villar García, Mª Del Mar Marín Lizárraga
BACKGROUND: There is a high malnutrition prevalence in hospitalized patients. AIM: To determine the malnutrition prevalence in hospitalized patients of La Rioja Community (Spain) when evaluated with different screening/ evaluation tools and its relationship with hospital stay and mortality. METHODS: Cross sectional observational study of hospitalized adult patients (age > 18 years old) from medical and surgical departments that underwent within 72 h of their admission a nutritional screening with Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS) 2002, Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) y Subjective Global Assessment (SGA)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420596/the-behaviors-and-experiences-of-the-community-pharmacy-team-on-the-provision-of-multi-compartment-compliance-aids
#7
Derek Stewart, Craig McDonald, Joan MacLeod, Katie MacLure, Gwen Gray, Trudi McIntosh
BACKGROUND: Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are repackaging systems for solid dosage form medicines. Acknowledging the lack of evidence that MCAs improve adherence or clinical outcomes, the Royal Pharmaceutical Society has expressed concern that MCAs have 'become regarded as a panacea for medicines use'. OBJECTIVES: To determine the behaviors and experiences of the community pharmacy team around MCA provision. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 26 community pharmacies in the north east of Scotland...
April 9, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420395/characteristics-of-first-time-varenicline-users-a-cross-sectional-study-in-finnish-quitters
#8
Hanna E Tervonen, Juha H O Turunen, Christine L Baker, Juha Laine, Kari Linden
BACKGROUND: Varenicline is an efficacious medicine for smoking cessation (SC) but little is known about the characteristics of varenicline users. This study examined the characteristics of first-time (naïve) varenicline users in Finland and compared those who had previously used SC pharmacotherapy to those who were trying SC pharmacotherapy for the first time. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Finnish community pharmacies between February 2014 and January 2015...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418524/evaluating-testing-strategies-for-identifying-youths-with-hiv-infection-and-linking-youths-to-biomedical-and-other-prevention-services
#9
Robin Lin Miller, Cherrie B Boyer, Danielle Chiaramonte, Peter Lindeman, Kate Chutuape, Bendu Cooper-Walker, Bill G Kapogiannis, Craig M Wilson, J Dennis Fortenberry
Importance: Most human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected youths are unaware of their serostatus (approximately 60%) and therefore not linked to HIV medical or prevention services. The need to identify promising and scalable approaches to promote uptake of HIV testing among youths at risk is critical. Objective: To evaluate a multisite HIV testing program designed to encourage localized HIV testing programs focused on self-identified sexual minority males and to link youths to appropriate prevention services after receipt of their test results...
April 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418091/newsworthiness-versus-scientific-impact-are-the-most-highly-cited-urology-papers-the-most-widely-disseminated-in-the-media
#10
E M O'Connor, G J Nason, F O'Kelly, R P Manecksha, S Loeb
BACKGROUND: Discordance exists between scientific impact and media attention. Altmetrics are non-traditional measures of impact which are composite scores that include social media and traditional media sharing of an article. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a correlation exists between newsworthiness (Altmetric score) and the scientific impact markers such as citation analysis, impact factors and levels of evidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The top 5 most cited articles for the year 2014 and 2015 from the top 10 ranking urology journals (scientific impact group) were identified...
April 18, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416208/fetal-and-perinatal-stem-cells-in-cardiac-regeneration-moving-forward-to-the-paracrine-era
#11
C Balbi, S Bollini
Cardiovascular disease (CD) is a major burden for Western society. Regenerative medicine has provided encouraging results, yet it has not addressed the focal defects causing CD and mainly related to the inefficient repair programme of the heart. In this scenario, stem cells have been broadly investigated and their paracrine effect proposed as a possible working strategy to boost endogenous mechanisms of repair and regeneration from within the cardiac tissue. The scientific community is now focusing on identifying the most effective stem cell secretome, as the whole of bioactive factors and extracellular vesicles secreted by stem cells and endowed with regenerative potential...
April 12, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416043/delaying-middle-school-and-high-school-start-times-promotes-student-health-and-performance-an-american-academy-of-sleep-medicine-position-statement
#12
Nathaniel F Watson, Jennifer L Martin, Merrill S Wise, Kelly A Carden, Douglas B Kirsch, David A Kristo, Raman K Malhotra, Eric J Olson, Kannan Ramar, Ilene M Rosen, James A Rowley, Terri E Weaver, Ronald D Chervin
During adolescence, internal circadian rhythms and biological sleep drive change to result in later sleep and wake times. As a result of these changes, early middle school and high school start times curtail sleep, hamper a student's preparedness to learn, negatively impact physical and mental health, and impair driving safety. Furthermore, a growing body of evidence shows that delaying school start times positively impacts student achievement, health, and safety. Public awareness of the hazards of early school start times and the benefits of later start times are largely unappreciated...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415075/hopbase-a-unified-resource-for-humulus-genomics
#13
Steven T Hill, Ramcharan Sudarsanam, John Henning, David Hendrix
Hop (Humulus lupulus L. var lupulus) is a dioecious plant of worldwide significance, used primarily for bittering and flavoring in brewing beer. Studies on the medicinal properties of several unique compounds produced by hop have led to additional interest from pharmacy and healthcare industries as well as livestock production as a natural antibiotic. Genomic research in hop has resulted a published draft genome and transcriptome assemblies. As research into the genomics of hop has gained interest, there is a critical need for centralized online genomic resources...
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414735/the-coexistence-of-traditional-medicine-and-biomedicine-a-study-with-local-health-experts-in-two-brazilian-regions
#14
Sofia Zank, Natalia Hanazaki
This study investigated the combined use of traditional medicine and biomedicine by local experts in Chapada do Araripe communities (Ceará State) and maroon communities (Santa Catarina State), Brazil. The objective was to understand the perception of local health specialists regarding the number of healers, demand for healers and use of medicinal plants, and the dependence of different environments to obtain such plants. We also aimed to understand the role of medicinal plants to treat different categories of diseases and if there is a complementary use of medicinal plants and allopathic biomedicine, according to the context of each group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414406/residency-training-in-family-medicine-a-history-of-innovation-and-program-support
#15
Peter J Carek, Tanya Anim, Colleen Conry, Sam Cullison, Stan Kozakowski, Dan Ostergaard, Stacy Potts, Perry A Pugno
Residency programs have been integral to the development, expansion and progression of family medicine as a discipline. Three reports formed the foundation for graduate medical education in family medicine: Meeting the Challenge of Family Practice, The Graduate Education of Physicians, and Health is a Community Affair. In addition, the original core concepts of comprehensiveness, coordination, continuity, and patient centeredness continue to serve as the foundation for residency training in family medicine...
April 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413207/rate-of-active-helicobacter-pylori-infection-among-symptomatic-patients-of-pakistan
#16
F Rasheed, A Yameen, T Ahmad, R Bilal
Only few epidemiological studies have examined the rate of active H. pylori infection in the symptomatic population in Pakistan. This retrospective study presents the laboratory data collected during the past 13 years (2002 to 2015) from 2315 symptomatic patients referred to the BreathMAT Lab, Nuclear Medicine, Oncology and Radiotherapy Institute, Islamabad for the diagnosis of active H. pylori infection using the (13)C Urea Breath Test. Rate of infection and its association with gender and age were evaluated...
April 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412836/reducing-time-to-internal-medicine-consultation-in-the-ed-of-a-community-based-hospital-a-commentary-on-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#17
Melissa Di Santo, Elaina Orlando, Madelyn P Law
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411013/physician-reported-factors-that-encourage-collaboration-with-community-pharmacists
#18
Nicole C Pezzino, Macary Weck Marciniak, Megan G Smith, Stefanie P Ferreri
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors that encourage physicians to establish collaborative practice agreements with community pharmacists. METHODS: A 20-item cross-sectional survey was mailed to a random sample of 1000 family medicine physicians practicing in North Carolina. Two weeks after the initial mailing, a reminder was sent to physicians. Physicians were entered into a drawing to receive a gift card as an incentive for survey completion. The questionnaire collected demographic information, factors important to physicians for collaboration with a community pharmacist, and physician perceptions of pharmacist qualifications...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409478/reversing-racial-inequities-at-the-end-of-life-a-call-for-health-systems-to-create-culturally-competent-advance-care-planning-programs-within-african-american-communities
#19
Randi Belisomo
Racial and cultural barriers inherent in health systems have made the delivery of culturally relevant end of life care that aligns with patient preferences a particular challenge across African American patient populations. The end of life experience has been cited as a public health crisis by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), and this crisis is one felt even more acutely by patients of this minority race. Structural racism has limited access to the planning mechanisms proven to result in quality end of life care; thus, health systems must initiate remedies in the face of dire need, as African Americans face a disproportionate burden of morbidity and mortality from many serious illnesses...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408120/quantifying-population-preferences-around-vaccination-against-severe-but-rare-diseases-a-conjoint-analysis-among-french-university-students-2016
#20
Joy Seanehia, Carole Treibich, Christine Holmberg, Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Valerie Casin, Jocelyn Raude, Judith E Mueller
BACKGROUND: Several concepts are available to explain vaccine decision making by individual and inter-individual factors, including risk perception, social conformism and altruism. However, only a few studies have quantified the weight of these determinants in vaccine acceptance. Using a conjoint analysis tool, we aimed at eliciting preferences in a student population regarding vaccination against a rare, severe and rapidly evolving hypothetical disease, similar to meningococcal serogroup C meningitis or measles...
April 10, 2017: Vaccine
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