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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238865/an-australian-nationwide-survey-on-medicinal-cannabis-use-for-epilepsy-history-of-antiepileptic-drug-treatment-predicts-medicinal-cannabis-use
#1
Anastasia S Suraev, Lisa Todd, Michael T Bowen, David J Allsop, Iain S McGregor, Carol Ireland, Nicholas Lintzeris
Epilepsy Action Australia conducted an Australian nationwide online survey seeking opinions on and experiences with the use of cannabis-based products for the treatment of epilepsy. The survey was promoted via the Epilepsy Action Australia's main website, on their Facebook page, and by word of mouth. The survey consisted of 39 questions assessing demographics, clinical factors, including diagnosis and seizure types, and experiences with and opinions towards cannabis use in epilepsy. A total of 976 responses met the inclusion criteria...
February 23, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238340/payers-experiences-with-confidential-pharmaceutical-price-discounts-a-survey-of-public-and-statutory-health-systems-in-north-america-europe-and-australasia
#2
Steven G Morgan, Sabine Vogler, Anita K Wagner
Institutional payers for pharmaceuticals worldwide appear to be increasingly negotiating confidential discounts off of the official list price of pharmaceuticals purchased in the community setting. We conducted an anonymous survey about experiences with and attitudes toward confidential discounts on patented pharmaceuticals in a sample of high-income countries. Confidential price discounts are now common among the ten health systems that participated in our study, though some had only recently begun to use these pricing arrangements on a routine basis...
February 16, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236713/tinkering-toward-departure-the-limits-of-improvisation-in-rural-ethiopian-biomedical-practices
#3
Stephanie Rieder
This paper explores Ethiopian physicians' responses to tensions produced by gaps between ideals of biomedicine and realities of clinical practice in two rural Ethiopian hospitals. Physicians engage in creativity and improvisation, including relying on informal networks and practices and tinkering within diagnoses and procedures, to overcome constraints of lack of resources and limited opportunities to engage in "good medicine." These courageous, but often unsuccessful attempts to mitigate professional and personal conflicts within their medical practices represent improvisation in impossible circumstances...
February 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236569/post-discharge-medicines-use-review-dmur-service-for-older-patients-cost-savings-from-community-pharmacist-interventions
#4
Helen Ramsbottom, Paul Rutter, Ray Fitzpatrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234608/family-medicine-education-in-rural-communities-as-a-health-service-intervention-supporting-recruitment-and-retention-of-physicians
#5
Trina Larsen Soles, C Ruth Wilson, Ivy F Oandasan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234184/building-the-nonuniversity-tertiary-care-center-hepatobiliary-and-pancreatic-surgery-practice-structural-and-financial-considerations
#6
Erin H Baker, Imran Siddiqui, Dionisios Vrochides, David A Iannitti, John B Martinie, Lauren Rorabaugh, D Rohan Jeyarajah, Ryan Z Swan
Early in their careers, many new surgeons lack the background and experience to understand essential components needed to build a surgical practice. Surgical resident education is often devoid of specific instruction on the business of medicine and practice management. In particular, hepatobiliary and pancreatic (HPB) surgeons require many key components to build a successful practice secondary to significant interdisciplinary coordination and a scope of complex surgery, which spans challenging benign and malignant disease processes...
December 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233908/self-management-interventions-in-pediatric-epilepsy-what-is-the-level-of-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Janelle L Wagner, Avani C Modi, Erica K Johnson, Ross Shegog, Cam Escoffery, Yvan Bamps, Joan K Austin, Rebecca J Schultz, Sarah MapelLentz, Gigi Smith
OBJECTIVE: To respond to recommendations put forth by the Institute of Medicine to improve self-management resources for youth with epilepsy by conducting a systematic review of the self-management literature in pediatric epilepsy. METHODS: Inclusion criteria: youth birth to 18 years with a seizure disorder or an epilepsy diagnosis and/or their caregivers, published 1985-2014 in English, and conducted in countries with a very high human development index. Abstract and keywords had to explicitly refer to "self-care" (pre-1996) and/or self-management (post-1996)...
February 24, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233322/the-industrial-applications-of-cassava-current-status-opportunities-and-prospects
#8
REVIEW
Shubo Li, Yanyan Cui, Yuan Zhou, Zhiting Luo, Jidong Liu, Mouming Zhao
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a drought-tolerant, staple food crop that is grown in tropical and subtropical areas. As an important raw material, cassava is a valuable food source in developing countries, and extensively employed for producing starch, bioethanol and other bio-based products (e.g., feed, medicine, cosmetics, and biopolymers). In addition, these cassava-based industries also generate large quantities of wastes/residues, rich in organic matter and suspended solids, providing a great potential for bioconversion into value-added products via bio-refinery...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233258/role-of-the-pharmacist-for-improving-self-care-and-outcomes-in-heart-failure
#9
REVIEW
Daya Ram Parajuli, Julie Franzon, Ross A McKinnon, Sepehr Shakib, Robyn A Clark
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review highlights the current and emerging approaches for the role of the pharmacist for improving self-care and outcomes in heart failure management. RECENT FINDINGS: Pharmacists are contributing to heart failure management in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, and communities. Different interventions which may be mediated by the pharmacist include drug adherence, discharge counseling, medication reconciliation, telephone follow-up, and recommendation of evidence-based medicines...
February 23, 2017: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232465/factors-influencing-medical-students-motivation-to-practise-in-rural-areas-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#10
Shyam Sundar Budhathoki, Prisca A C Zwanikken, Paras K Pokharel, Albert J Scherpbier
OBJECTIVES: There is a shortage of doctors working in rural areas all over the world, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. The choice to practise medicine in a rural area is influenced by many factors. Motivation developed as a medical student is one key determinant of this choice. This study explores influences on medical students' motivation to practise in rural areas of low-income and middle-income countries following graduation. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted to identify influences on medical students' motivation to work in rural areas in low-income and middle-income countries...
February 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229410/therapeutic-application-of-placental-mesenchymal-stem-cells-reprogrammed-neurospheres-in-spinal-cord-injury-of-scid
#11
Vikram Sabapathy, Franklin Jebaraj Herbert, Sanjay Kumar
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have stimulated much interest in the scientific community and hopes among the general public since their discovery in 1966 due to a variety of potential applications it has in the field of regenerative medicine. Copious amount of literature, as well as long-term animal and human clinical trials, indicates that MSCs can be successfully used for therapeutic purpose without any extreme adversities. MSCs have been isolated from adult and fetal tissues...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228973/duchenne-regulatory-science-consortium-meeting-on-disease-progression-modeling-for-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#12
Jane Larkindale, Richard Abresch, Enrique Aviles, Abby Bronson, Janice Chin, Pat Furlong, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Elizabeth Habeeb-Louks, Erik Henricson, Hans Kroger, Charles Lynn, Stephen Lynn, Dana Martin, Glen Nuckolls, William Rooney, Klaus Romero, Lee Sweeney, Krista Vandenborne, Glenn Walter, Jodi Wolff, Brenda Wong, Craig M McDonald, Members Of The Duchenne Regulatory Science Consortium Imaging-Dmd Consortium And The Cinrg Investigators
The Duchenne Regulatory Science Consortium (D-RSC) was established to develop tools to accelerate drug development for DMD.  The resulting tools are anticipated to meet validity requirements outlined by qualification/endorsement pathways at both the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Administration (EMA), and will be made available to the drug development community. The initial goals of the consortium include the development of a disease progression model, with the goal of creating a model that would be used to forecast changes in clinically meaningful endpoints, which would inform clinical trial protocol development and data analysis...
January 12, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228231/evaluating-community-pharmacists-perspectives-and-practices-concerning-generic-medicines-substitution-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Fahad S Alkhuzaee, Hamdan M Almalki, Ammar Y Attar, Shoeab I Althubiani, Wassam Ali Almuallim, Ejaz Cheema, Muhammad Abdul Hadi
OBJECTIVES: To assess the community pharmacists' knowledge, attitude, perception and current practices towards generic medicines substitution in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between February and March 2016 in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. A 25-item, structured, validated, pilot-tested and self-completed questionnaire was used to achieve study objectives. A 4-step systematic sampling technique was used to recruit community pharmacists...
December 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228230/expanding-professional-pharmacy-services-in-european-community-setting-is-it-cost-effective-a-systematic-review-for-health-policy-considerations
#14
REVIEW
Clémence Perraudin, Olivier Bugnon, Nathalie Pelletier-Fleury
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize cost-effectiveness analyses on professional pharmacy services (PPS) performed in Europe in order to contribute to current debates on their funding and reimbursement. METHODS: Systematic review in PubMed, Embase and the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination databases to identify full economic evaluation studies of PPS in community setting from 2004. FINDINGS: Twenty-one studies were included, conducted in the United-Kingdom (n=13), the Netherlands (n=3), Spain (n=2), Belgium (n=1), France (n=1) and Denmark (n=1)...
December 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227254/a-data-science-approach-for-quantifying-spatio-temporal-effects-to-graft-failures-in-organ-transplantation
#15
Diego Pinheiro, Farag Hamad, Martin Cadeiras, Ronaldo Menezes, Nezamoddin Nezamoddini-Kachouie, Diego Pinheiro, Farag Hamad, Martin Cadeiras, Ronaldo Menezes, Nezamoddin Nezamoddini-Kachouie, Farag Hamad, Martin Cadeiras, Diego Pinheiro, Ronaldo Menezes, Nezamoddin Nezamoddini-Kachouie
The transplantation of solid organs is one of the most important accomplishments of modern medicine. Yet, organ shortage is a major public health issue; 8,000 people died while waiting for an organ in 2014. Meanwhile, the allocation system currently implemented can lead to organs being discarded and the medical community still investigates factors that affects early graft failure such as distance and ischemic time. In this paper, we investigate early graft failure under a spatio-temporal perspective using a data science unified approach for all six organs that is based on complementary cumulative analysis of both distance and ischemic time...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225731/queer-frontiers-in-medicine-a-structural-competency-approach
#16
Cameron A Donald, Sayantani DasGupta, Jonathan M Metzl, Kristen L Eckstrand
In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published a report proposing qualifiers of competence to guide medical educators towards training physicians to appropriately care for individuals who are or may be lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT); gender nonconforming (GNC); and/or born with differences in sex development (DSD). These qualifiers provide content and context to an existing framework heavily used in competency-based medical education, emphasizing individual and interpersonal abilities to enhance care delivered to individuals identifying as LGBT, GNC, and/or born with DSD...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225542/historical-overview-of-leprosy-control-in-cuba
#17
Enrique Beldarraín-Chaple
INTRODUCTION Leprosy, an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, affects the nervous system, skin, internal organs, extremities and mucous membranes. Biological, social and environmental factors influence its occurrence and transmission. The first effective treatments appeared in 1930 with the development of dapsone, a sulfone. The main components of a control and elimination strategy are early case detection and timely administration of multidrug therapy. OBJECTIVES Review the history of leprosy control in Cuba, emphasizing particularly results of the National Leprosy Control Program, its modifications and influence on leprosy control...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225461/faculty-development-for-medical-school-community-based-faculty-a-council-of-academic-family-medicine-educational-research-alliance-study-exploring-institutional-requirements-and-challenges
#18
Joanna Drowos, Suzanne Baker, Suzanne Leonard Harrison, Suzanne Minor, Alexander W Chessman, Dennis Baker
PURPOSE: Community-based faculty play a large role in training medical students nationwide and require faculty development. The authors hypothesized that positive relationships exist between clerkships paying preceptors and requiring faculty development, and between protected clerkship directors' time and delivering face-to-face preceptor training, as well as with the number or length of community-based preceptor visits. Through under standing the quantity, delivery methods, barriers, and institutional support for faculty development provided to community-based preceptors teaching in family medicine clerkships, best practices can be developed...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225201/edible-insects-in-china-utilization-and-prospects
#19
REVIEW
Ying Feng, Xiao-Ming Chen, Min Zhao, Zhao He, Long Sun, Cheng-Ye Wang, Wei-Feng Ding
The use of edible insects has a long history in China, where they have been consumed for more than two thousand years. In general, the level of acceptance is high for the consumption of insects in China. Many studies on edible insects have been conducted in the last twenty years, and the scope of the research includes the culture of entomophagy and the identification, nutritional value, farming and breeding of edible insects, in addition to food production and safety. Currently, 324 species of insects from 11 orders are documented that are either edible or associated with entomophagy in China, which include the common edible species, some less commonly consumed species, and some medicinal insects...
February 22, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224259/a-black-theological-response-to-race-based-medicine-reconciliation-in-minority-communities
#20
Kirk A Johnson
The harm race-based medicine inflicts on minority bodies through race-based experimentation and the false solutions a race-based drug ensues within minority communities provokes concern. Such areas analyze the minority patient in a physical proxy. Though the mind and body are important entities, we cannot forget about the spirit. Healing is not just a physical practice; it includes spiritual practice. Efficient medicine includes the holistic elements of the mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, the spiritual discipline of black theology can be used as a tool to mend the harms of race-based medicine...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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