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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527508/social-media-and-web-presence-for-patients-and-professionals-evolving-trends-and-implications-for-practice
#1
REVIEW
Jose E Barreto, Curtis L Whitehair
The use of social media has become very instinctive to many. It has become part of a daily routine. Enhanced communication, liberated expressions of self, becoming updated with all the trends and news, and marketing promotion are only some of the reasons why most people use social media. Health care providers including physicians should take advantage of these platforms for professional purposes. Social media extends far beyond the famous platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and Instagram, used mostly for social connections...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527183/analytical-methods-in-tracing-honey-authenticity
#2
Jelena Trifković, Filip Andrić, Petar Ristivojević, Etil Guzelmeric, Erdem Yesilada
Honey is a precious natural product that is marketed with a wide range of nutritional and medicinal properties. However, it is also a product subjected to frequent adulteration through mislabeling and mixing with cheaper and lower-quality honeys and various sugar syrups. In that sense, honey authentication regarding its genuine botanical and geographical origins, as well as the detection of any adulteration, is essential in order to protect consumer health and to avoid competition that could create a destabilized market...
May 19, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526022/a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study-of-medical-student-preferences-for-vodcast-design-format-and-pedagogical-approach
#3
Robin K Pettit, Marjorie Kinney, Lise McCoy
BACKGROUND: Vodcasts (video podcasts) are becoming increasingly popular in medical education. At A.T. Still University School of Osteopathic Medicine in Arizona (ATSU SOMA), vodcasts are an essential component of our blended learning environment, where year 2-4 students train in a contextual setting at community health centers across the U.S. Vodcasts are used far less frequently in our year 1 residential learning environment at the main campus in Arizona, but we are considering moving to significantly more interactive educational experiences with on-demand videos followed by in-class activities...
May 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525252/-medical-supply-planning-dynamic-registry-of-physicians-sixth-reform-of-the-state-and-numerus-clausus
#4
N Benahmed, A De Wever, M Pirson
INTRODUCTION: The last few years have seen major changes in the Belgian medical planning. The paper aims to describe them and to assess how they will affect the medical demography. METHOD: Grey literature review and federal and federated entities legislation summary. RESULTS: A new dynamic register allows a better knowledge of medical workforce in all sectors of labour market. Recent legislation evolutions induce fragmentation of competences related to human resource for health planning : federal authorities are responsive for the fixation of number of GP and specialists and community authorities for registration of health professionals and fixation of sub-quotas in different branches of specialised medicine...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523560/stem-cell-technology-for-epi-genetic-brain-disorders
#5
Renzo J M Riemens, Edilene S Soares, Manel Esteller, Raul Delgado-Morales
Despite the enormous efforts of the scientific community over the years, effective therapeutics for many (epi)genetic brain disorders remain unidentified. The common and persistent failures to translate preclinical findings into clinical success are partially attributed to the limited efficiency of current disease models. Although animal and cellular models have substantially improved our knowledge of the pathological processes involved in these disorders, human brain research has generally been hampered by a lack of satisfactory humanized model systems...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521810/estimation-of-the-burden-of-varicella-in-europe-before-the-introduction-of-universal-childhood-immunization
#6
Margarita Riera-Montes, Kaatje Bollaerts, Ulrich Heininger, Niel Hens, Giovanni Gabutti, Angel Gil, Bayad Nozad, Grazina Mirinaviciute, Elmira Flem, Audrey Souverain, Thomas Verstraeten, Susanne Hartwig
BACKGROUND: Varicella is generally considered a mild disease. Disease burden is not well known and country-level estimation is challenging. As varicella disease is not notifiable, notification criteria and rates vary between countries. In general, existing surveillance systems do not capture cases that do not seek medical care, and most are affected by underreporting and underascertainment. We aimed to estimate the overall varicella disease burden in Europe to provide critical information to support decision-making regarding varicella vaccination...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521776/solid-medical-waste-a-cross-sectional-study-of-household-disposal-practices-and-reported-harm-in-southern-ghana
#7
Emilia Asuquo Udofia, Gabriel Gulis, Julius Fobil
BACKGROUND: Solid medical waste (SMW) in households is perceived to pose minimal risks to the public compared to SMW generated from healthcare facilities. While waste from healthcare facilities is subject to recommended safety measures to minimize risks to human health and the environment, similar waste in households is often untreated and co-mingled with household waste which ends up in landfills and open dumps in many African countries. In Ghana, the management of this potentially hazardous waste stream at household and community level has not been widely reported...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517986/from-rosalind-franklin-to-barack-obama-data-sharing-challenges-and-solutions-in-genomics-and-personalised-medicine
#8
Mark Lawler, Tim Maughan
The collection, storage and use of genomic and clinical data from patients and healthy individuals is a key component of personalised medicine enterprises such as the Precision Medicine Initiative, the Cancer Moonshot and the 100,000 Genomes Project. In order to maximise the value of this data, it is important to embed a culture within the scientific, medical and patient communities that supports the appropriate sharing of genomic and clinical information. However, this aspiration raises a number of ethical, legal and regulatory challenges that need to be addressed...
April 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515633/association-between-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-anthropometric-measurements-a-case-control-study-in-south-india
#9
REVIEW
A Awasthi, C R Rao, D S Hegde, K Rao N
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Clinical evidence indicates a stronger association of diabetes with central obesity than general obesity. The present study aimed to compare the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus and different anthropometric measurements and evaluate the usefulness of these measurements in clinical practice. METHODS: A case-control study was done among 102 individuals; of whom 51 cases included diagnosed T2DM (≥ 20 years age) patients attending the Medicine out-patient consultation of a tertiary care hospital and 51 controls who were screen negative for T2DM and recruited from the local community...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515181/measuring-ability-to-assess-claims-about-treatment-effects-the-development-of-the-claim-evaluation-tools
#10
Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Daniel Semakula, Allen Nsangi, Andrew David Oxman, Iain Chalmers, Sarah Rosenbaum, Øystein Guttersrud
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of the Claim Evaluation Tools, a set of flexible items to measure people's ability to assess claims about treatment effects. SETTING: Methodologists and members of the community (including children) in Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, Norway, the UK and Australia. PARTICIPANTS: In the iterative development of the items, we used purposeful sampling of people with training in research methodology, such as teachers of evidence-based medicine, as well as patients and members of the public from low-income and high-income countries...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514873/unpacking-community-mobility-a-preliminary-study-into-the-embodied-experiences-of-stroke-survivors
#11
Christa S Nanninga, Louise Meijering, Klaas Postema, Marleen C Schönherr, Ant T Lettinga
PURPOSE: To enrich the discussion on mobility in stroke rehabilitation by translating theoretical repertoires of mobility from the context of geography to rehabilitation. METHOD: Qualitative research methodology was applied, and included in-depth interviews with stroke survivors. RESULTS: This study revealed: (a) social and material differences in clinical, private and public places; (b) ambivalences and shifting tensions in bodily, family and community life; (c) differences in access to resources to be used for mobility...
May 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514134/-well-child-visits-regarding-growth-and-development-of-infants-a-cross-cultural-comparison
#12
Yana Shraga, Orly Sarid, Julie Cwikel, Haim Reuveni
AIMS: 1. To examine the rate of WCV among mothers in four ethno-cultural groups: native-born Jewish, Bedouin and immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU) and Ethiopia; 2. to test the relationship between WCV in the first and second year of the infant's life; 3. to assess the effect of sociodemographic variables on WCV. BACKGROUND: Consistent infant well-child visits (WCV) have been found to be related to better health status and a decrease in visits to the emergency room and hospitalizations...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511612/ngs-analysis-on-tumor-tissue-and-cfdna-for-genotype-directed-therapy-in-metastatic-nsclc-patients-between-hope-and-hype
#13
Alexander T Falk, Simon Heeke, Véronique Hofman, Virginie Lespinet, Camille Ribeyre, Olivier Bordone, Michel Poudenx, Josiane Otto, Georges Garnier, Olivier Castelnau, Joël Guigay, Sylvie Leroy, Charles-Hugo Marquette, Paul Hofman, Marius Ilié
The advent of genomic based precision medicine led to the implementation of biomarker testing in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Next generation sequencing (NGS) has been recently implemented to routine diagnostic requirements in lung oncology. Areas covered: Two cases of patients with metastatic NSCLC for whom NGS analysis performed on both tumor and liquid biopsy has not improved the clinical course of their disease are reported. These cases illustrate the difficulty of the so-called "personalized or precision" medicine in clinical routine practice for metastatic NSCLC...
May 17, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508742/caep-2016-academic-symposium-how-to-have-an-impact-as-an-emergency-medicine-educator-and-scholar
#14
Jason R Frank, Warren J Cheung, Jonathan Sherbino, Robert Primavesi, Robert A Woods, Glen Bandiera, Constance LeBlanc
BACKGROUND: In a time of major medical education transformation, emergency medicine (EM) needs to nurture education scholars who will influence EM education practice. However, the essential ingredients to ensure a career with impact in EM education are not clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe how to prepare EM educators for a high-impact career. METHODS: The Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians (CAEP) Academic Section commissioned an "Education Impact" working group (IWG) to guide the creation of consensus recommendations from the EM community...
May 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508740/caep-2016-academic-symposium-a-writer-s-guide-to-key-steps-in-producing-quality-medical-education-scholarship
#15
Teresa M Chan, Brent Thoma, Andrew Koch Hall, Aleisha Murnaghan, Daniel K Ting, Carly Hagel, Kristen Weersink, Paola Camorlinga, Jill McEwen, Farhan Bhanji, Jonathan Sherbino
A key skill for successful clinician educators is the effective dissemination of scholarly innovations and research. Although there are many ways to disseminate scholarship, the most accepted and rewarded form of educational scholarship is publication in peer-reviewed journals. This paper provides direction for emergency medicine (EM) educators interested in publishing their scholarship via traditional peer-reviewed avenues. It builds upon four literature reviews that aggregated recommendations for writing and publishing high-quality quantitative and qualitative research, innovations, and reviews...
May 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508440/has-evidence-based-medicine-ever-been-modern-a-latour-inspired-understanding-of-a-changing-ebm
#16
Sietse Wieringa, Eivind Engebretsen, Kristin Heggen, Trish Greenhalgh
Evidence-based health care (EBHC), previously evidence-based medicine (EBM), is considered by many to have modernized health care and brought it from an authority-based past to a more rationalist, scientific grounding. But recent concerns and criticisms pose serious challenges and urge us to look at the fundamentals of a changing EBHC. In this paper, we present French philosopher Bruno Latour's vision on modernity as a framework to discuss current changes in the discourse on EBHC/EBM. Drawing on Latour's work, we argue that the early EBM movement had a strong modernist agenda with an aim to "purify" clinical reality into a dichotomy of objective "evidence" from nature and subjective "preferences" from human society and culture...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507351/practice-of-breastfeeding-and-immunisation-in-a-periurban-community-in-pakistan
#17
Haider Ghazanfar, Sualeha Saleem, Sajida Naseem, Ali Ghazanfar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the practice of breastfeeding and immunisation in a peri-urban community and correlate it with maternal care during pregnancy of the index child. METHODS: This community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted at Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University and Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan, from June 2014 to January 2016, using a self-generated questionnaire. Systemic random sampling method was used to collect data. SPSS 21 was used to analyse the data and to find associations between maternal care and practices of breastfeeding...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507240/mathematical-methods-in-medicine-neuroscience-cardiology-and-pathology
#18
José M Amigó, Michael Small
The application of mathematics, natural sciences and engineering to medicine is gaining momentum as the mutual benefits of this collaboration become increasingly obvious. This theme issue is intended to highlight the trend in the case of mathematics. Specifically, the scope of this theme issue is to give a general view of the current research in the application of mathematical methods to medicine, as well as to show how mathematics can help in such important aspects as understanding, prediction, treatment and data processing...
June 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507088/impact-of-income-based-deductibles-on-drug-use-and-health-care-utilization-among-older-adults
#19
Michael R Law, Lucy Cheng, Heather Worthington, Muhammad Mamdani, Kimberlyn M McGrail, Fiona K I Chan, Sumit R Majumdar
BACKGROUND: Income-based deductibles are present in several provincial public drug plans in Canada and have been the subject of extensive debate. We studied the impact of such deductibles in British Columbia's Fair PharmaCare plan on drug and health care utilization among older adults. METHODS: We used a quasi-experimental regression discontinuity design to compare the impact of deductibles in BC's PharmaCare plan between older community-dwelling adults registered for the plan who were born in 1928 through 1939 (no deductible) and those born in 1940 through 1951 (deductible equivalent to 2% of household income)...
May 15, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506152/a-participatory-systems-approach-to-design-for-safer-integrated-medicine-management
#20
Gyuchan Thomas Jun, Aneurin Canham, Ander Altuna-Palacios, James Ward, Ran Bhamra, Stephen Rogers, Amalin Dutt, Priyal Shah
It is recognised that whole systems approaches are required in the design and development of complex healthcare services. Application of a systems approach benefits from the involvement of key stakeholders. However, participation in the context of community based healthcare is particularly challenging due to busy and geographically distributed stakeholders. This study used action research to investigate what processes and methods were needed to successfully employ a participatory systems approach. Three participatory workshops planned and facilitated by method experts were held with 30 representative stakeholders...
May 16, 2017: Ergonomics
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