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Eye cancer

Xiangchun Zhang, Qing Yuan, Xueyun Gao
Membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is expressed in most tumors and is believed to play a key role in the development, invasion and metastasis of tumors. There is an urgent need to develop a simple method to detect the MT1-MMP expression level on cells. In this current study, we demonstrated a red emission Au cluster probes with the specific targeting of MT1-MMP on human dopaminergic neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells. More importantly, utilizing the intrinsic enzyme-like activity of the Au cluster probes, the expression level of MT1-MMP on the SH-SY5Y cells could be assessed by the naked eye without cell lysis and protein extraction process...
March 14, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
Himar Fabelo, Samuel Ortega, Daniele Ravi, B Ravi Kiran, Coralia Sosa, Diederik Bulters, Gustavo M Callicó, Harry Bulstrode, Adam Szolna, Juan F Piñeiro, Silvester Kabwama, Daniel Madroñal, Raquel Lazcano, Aruma J-O'Shanahan, Sara Bisshopp, María Hernández, Abelardo Báez, Guang-Zhong Yang, Bogdan Stanciulescu, Rubén Salvador, Eduardo Juárez, Roberto Sarmiento
Surgery for brain cancer is a major problem in neurosurgery. The diffuse infiltration into the surrounding normal brain by these tumors makes their accurate identification by the naked eye difficult. Since surgery is the common treatment for brain cancer, an accurate radical resection of the tumor leads to improved survival rates for patients. However, the identification of the tumor boundaries during surgery is challenging. Hyperspectral imaging is a non-contact, non-ionizing and non-invasive technique suitable for medical diagnosis...
2018: PloS One
Bradley A Hansen, Carlos E Mendoza-Santiesteban, Thomas R Hedges
PURPOSE: To describe the rapid time course of visual and electroretinographic recovery from vitamin A deficiency in a patient with a history of multiple resected abdominal tumors, including ileal carcinoid and pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS: A 61-year-old white man with a history of resected malignant ileal carcinoid and Stage III pancreatic adenocarcinoma referred with complaints of 6 weeks of difficulty with night vision. RESULTS: Initial testing showed significantly reduced scotopic rod responses in both eyes and decreased vitamin A levels and a normal cancer-associated retinopathy laboratory panel...
April 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Andrzej T Slominski, Michal A Zmijewski, Przemyslaw M Plonka, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Ralf Paus
The skin, a self-regulating protective barrier organ, is empowered with sensory and computing capabilities to counteract the environmental stressors to maintain/restore disrupted cutaneous homeostasis. These complex functions are coordinated by a cutaneous neuro-endocrine system that also communicates in a bidirectional fashion with the central nervous, endocrine and immune systems, all acting in concert to control body homeostasis. While ultraviolet energy (UV) has played an important role in the origin and evolution of life, UV absorption by the skin not only triggers mechanisms that defend skin integrity and regulate global homeostasis, but also induces skin pathology (e...
March 12, 2018: Endocrinology
Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Mirosław Andrusiewicz, Agata Czarnywojtek, Joanna Waligórska-Stachura, Maciej Biczysko, Jerzy Skrobisz, Jerzy Sowiński, Marek Ruchała
Purpose: Our aim was to analyze NAMPT expression in thyroid tissue derived from patients with Graves' disease with (GD) and without (GO) orbitopathy, patients with toxic nodular goiters (TNG) and thyroid cancers (TC), and healthy controls. Methods: 153 thyroid tissue samples of consecutive patients who underwent thyroidectomy were collected. Previous therapy with steroids was an exclusion criterion. We collected clinicopathological data of all subjects and we assessed NAMPT expression using qPCR...
2018: BioMed Research International
Jéssica Carolinne Damasceno, Jordan Isenberg, Laíse Rondon Lopes, Bernardo Hime, Bruno F Fernandes, Marcia Lowen, Luis Marcelo Aranha Camargo, Rubens N Belfort
PURPOSE: Malignant lesions of the eyelid are the most common eye cancers. Although rarely lethal, late diagnosis can lead to serious visual morbidity. Definitive diagnosis of neoplastic lesions is pathological. Indications and types of eyelid lesions in a single high-volume ophthalmic reference center in Sao Paulo, Brazil, were analyzed. METHODS: The surgical pathological reports of patients who underwent eye removal procedures between January 2000 and December 2012 were retrieved from the electronic database of the Ophthalmology Department and retrospectively reviewed...
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Liza Brown, Jennifer David, Stanley Skopit
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a common skin malignancy comprising 80% of non-melanoma skin cancers.1 Over 2.8 million cases are estimated to be diagnosed in the United States alone each year. Advanced BCCs are comprised of BCCs that have metastasized to local or distant lymph nodes or organs, or locally invasive BCCs that are extensive and infiltrate vital structures such as eyes, nose, or brain. Advanced BCC tumors represent roughly 1-10% of BCCs today. Two severe case presentations and treatment options will be discussed in this case report series and review...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Zhongwu Hu, Daorong Hou, Xiaowei Wang, Zhenbing You, Xiufeng Cao
Background: Tetraspanin 12 (TSPAN12), a member of the phylogenetically ancient tetraspanin family, is linked to impaired vascularization of the eye called familial exudative vitreoretinopathy, while the functional role of TSPAN12 in lung cancer has not been well characterized. Results: In our study, TSPAN12 is able to regulate the growth of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells both in vitro and in vivo. TSPAN12 mRNA level was significantly increased in human NSCLC samples compared with their corresponding paracancerous histologic normal tissues...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Akram Norouzi, Hadi Ravan, Abbas Mohammadi, Elyas Hosseinzadeh, Mahdieh Norouzi, Tahereh Fozooni
The development of powerful techniques to detect cancer cells at early stages plays a notable role in diagnosing and prognosing cancer patients and reducing mortality. This paper reports on a novel functional DNA nanoassembly capable of detecting cancer cells based on structural DNA nanotechnology. DNA nanoassemblies were constructed by the self-assembly of a DNA concatemer to a plenty of sticky-ended three-way junctions. While an aptamer moiety guided the nanoassembly to the target cancer cell, the peroxidase-mimicking DNAzymes embedded in the nanoassemblies were used as the sensing element to produce colorimetric signals...
August 9, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
M Britel, M Bourguignon, N Foray
PURPOSES: The term "radiosensitivity" appeared for the first time at the beginning of the 20th century, few years after the discovery of X-rays. Initially used by French and German radiologists, it illustrated the risk of radiation-induced (RI) skin reactions. From the 1950's, "radiosensitivity" was progressively found to describe other features of RI response such as RI cancers or cataracts. To date, such confusion may raise legal issues and complexify the message addressed to general public...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Jessica G Rushton, Reinhard Ertl, Dieter Klein, Alexander Tichy, Barbara Nell
Objectives Feline diffuse iris melanoma (FDIM) is the most common malignant primary intraocular tumour in cats, with reported metastases rates between 19% and 63%. Currently, the only available diagnostic tool for a tentative diagnosis is histopathological examination of the enucleated eye. Therefore, the veterinary ophthalmologist is often faced with the dilemma of whether to enucleate an oftentimes visual eye or to continue monitoring, with the risk of metastases developing. In the past, cell-free DNA (cfDNA) gained more attention in human medicine, especially in the field of oncology...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
S Trad, C Bonnet, D Monnet
Ocular drug side effects are very varied and can affect all the structures of the eye. The purpose of this review is to help clinicians: (i) to evoke this drug-induced toxicity yearly in the course of an unexplained ocular injury, before its damage become irreversible, (ii) to be able to recognize induced paradoxical ocular inflammation, mimicking an inflammatory pathology flare-up, especially in patient under anti-TNF regimen and (iii) to propose a more in-depth knowledge on recently described ocular toxicities from targeted cancer therapy, mainly the tyrosine kinase inhibitors...
March 8, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
M Grigore, F Furtunescu, D Minca, M Costache, C Garbe, O Simionescu
BACKGROUND: Eye and skin share the embryological origin. Both are established risk factors in epidermal skin cancer. There are few reports using iris colour classification scales, most of them analyse colour in general or are too complex to use in daily practice. OBJECTIVES: To investigate which iris colour pattern is associated with epidermal skin cancer in a S-E European Caucasian population. METHODS: A case control study was conducted on 480 patients: 229 skin cancers patients and 251 controls (dermatological patients free of skin cancers), admitted in two medical clinics of Dermatology in Bucharest, between October 2011 and May 2014...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Adi Nosrati, Matthew A Pimentel, Ashley Falzone, Roshini Hegde, Shilpa Goel, Mary-Margaret Chren, Rachel Eye, Eleni Linos, Sherry Pagoto, Barbara J Walkosz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Keishi Okubo, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Takaaki Arigami, Daisuke Matsushita, Shigehiro Yanagita, Takashi Kijima, Masahiko Amatatsu, Sumiya Ishigami, Kosei Maemura, Shoji Natsugoe
BACKGROUND: The sentinel node (SN) detection by dual tracer method using indocyanine green (ICG) and a radioisotope (RI) has been recommended for early gastric cancer. However, institutions are limited due to radioactivity in the RI method. The greatest advantage of the RI method is that it objectively assesses RI uptake as a numerical value. The aim of the present study was to verify the usefulness of ICG fluorescence intensity in SN. METHODS: Seventeen patients with early gastric cancer were enrolled in this study...
March 7, 2018: Gastric Cancer
David H Abramson, Federica Catalanotti, Scott E Brodie, Michael G Kellick, Jasmine H Francis
BACKGROUND: There has been no effective method for treating newly visible ("new") subretinal seeding in retinoblastoma except enucleation. The objective of this report is to determine whether intravitreal chemotherapy combined with 810 nm indirect laser can successfully treat retinoblastoma eyes with "new" subretinal seeding which appeared after intra-arterial chemotherapy (ophthalmic arterial chemosurgery: OAC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Single center retrospective study from a tertiary cancer hospital of a case series of 14 eyes treated with combined intravitreal chemotherapy and laser from 2012 to 2017...
March 7, 2018: Ophthalmic Genetics
Jinbing Bai, Kristen M Swanson, Felicity W K Harper, Sheila J Santacroce, Louis A Penner
The roles parents play in supporting their child during painful cancer procedures have been studied as communication strategies versus a broader caring framework and from a cross-sectional versus longitudinal perspective. To examine the longitudinal change in parent communication behaviors over repeated cancer port start procedures experienced by their children. This study used a longitudinal design. Two trained raters coded 104 recorded videos of port starts from 43 children being treated for cancer. This included 25 children with two video-recorded port starts and 18 children with three (T1, T2, T3)...
March 1, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Alex B Blair, Adrian Murphy
Biliary tract cancers (BTC) are aggressive malignancies associated with resistance to chemotherapy and poor prognostic rates. Therefore, novel treatment approaches are in need. Immunotherapy represents a promising breakthrough that uses a patient's immune system to target a tumor. This treatment approach has shown immense progress with positive results for selected cancers such as melanoma and nonsmall cell lung cancer. Initial preclinical data and preliminary clinical studies suggest encouraging mechanistic effects for immunotherapy in BTC offering the hope for an expanding therapeutic role for this disease...
October 31, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
Shaoxin Cai, Xuefei Cheng, Yi Liu, Zhizun Lin, Wei Zeng, Changshun Yang, Lihang Liu, Ozor Anthony Chukwuebuka, Weihua Li
Blood vessels are one of the major routes for the dissemination of cancer cells. Malignant tumors release growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) to induce angiogenesis, thereby promoting metastasis. Here, we report that The Drosophila Eyes Absent Homologue 1 (EYA1), which is overexpressed in colorectal tumor cells, can promote colorectal tumor angiogenesis by coordinating with the hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1α) to increase the expression of VEGF-A. Moreover, data indicated that the enhancement of HIF-1α expression by Eya1 depended on its ability to activate the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathways to increase the phosphorylation of AKT subunits...
February 26, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Chang Su, Cuiying Peng, Ena Agbodza, Harrison X Bai, Yuqian Huang, Giorgos Karakousis, Paul J Zhang, Zishu Zhang
BACKGROUND: The utilization and impact of the studies published using the National Cancer Database (NCDB) is currently unclear. In this study, we aim to characterize the published studies, and identify relatively unexplored areas for future investigations. METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed in January 2017 to identify all papers published using NCDB data. Characteristics of the publications were extracted. Citation frequencies were obtained through the Web of Science...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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