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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161807/intravenous-dextran-70-infusion-has-protective-effects-on-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-of-kidney-an-experimental-study
#1
Atilla Semercioz, Mustafa Z Temiz, Ipek Erbarut, Ugur Izol, Serdar Aykan, Murat Tuken, Engin Kandirali
BACKGROUND: Renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) leads to alterations of tubular epithelial cells, interstitial microvasculopathy and endothelial cell dysfunction in peritubular capillaries. Although dextrans have deteriorative effects on healthy kidney, their favorable effects on post-ischemic microvascular disturbances have been demonstrated. Therefore, we aimed to investigate in vivo effects of systemic Dextran 70 administration in kidney tissue with ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: Twenty-one rats were allocated as sham, IR and IR+ Dextran 70 treatment groups...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161688/plasma-beta-trace-protein-as-a-marker-of-residual-renal-function-the-effect-of-different-hemodialysis-modalities-and-intra-individual-variability-over-time
#2
Amaryllis H van Craenenbroeck, Ann-Christin Bragfors-Helin, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Bengt Lindholm, Bodil Sjöberg, Björn Anderstam, Olof Heimburger, Peter Stenvinkel, Peter Bárány
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Beta-trace protein (BTP) is a low-molecular-weight molecule, which may be used to assess residual renal function (RRF) in dialysis patients. Here we evaluated the influence of hemodialysis (HD) and hemodiafiltration (HDF) on plasma BTP, and analyzed the inter- and intra-individual variability of plasma BTP over time in HD and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: In 12 prevalent HD patients, the effect of a single session of low-flux HD, high-flux HD and HDF on plasma BTP was studied...
November 22, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160569/reconstruction-of-bladder-function-and-prevention-of-renal-deterioration-by-means-of-end-to-side-neurorrhaphy-in-rats-with-neurogenic-bladder
#3
Yun Long Li, Jian Jun Wen, Yi Bo Wen, Xiang Fei He, Jun Wei Wu, Yan Wei Li, Zhong Jiang Han, Jin Jin Feng, Shao Hua Yan, Shou Lin Li, John Pfa Heesakkers, Wan Sheng Gao, Jian Guo Wen
AIMS: To investigate the feasibility of restoring bladder function and prevention of renal deterioration by neurorrhaphy in rats with neurogenic bladder (NB). METHODS: Forty-two rats were assigned to the end-to-side nerve coaptation group (ECG, n = 16), no nerve coaptation group (NCG, n = 16), and control group (CG, n = 10). In the ECG, the left ventral root (VR) and dorsal root (DR) of L6 and S1 were transected, and the distal stump of L6VR was sutured to the lateral face of L4VR...
November 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158999/recurrent-primary-suprahepatic-abscess-due-to-providencia-stuartii-a-rare-phenomenon
#4
Kyawzaw Lin, Aung Naing Lin, Sandar Linn, Madhavi Reddy, Anjali Bakshi
Gram-negative urease-producing bacilli, Providencia stuartii (P. stuartii), is reported in urinary tract infections, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia in humans but they rarely present with a hepatic abscess. We present a rare case of a recurrent suprahepatic cyst due to P. stuartii in a 45-year-old female, intravenous ( IV) heroin abuser with chronic hepatitis B and C. A 45-year-old female with 10 days status post right suprahepatic abscess drainage presented with recurrent, right, upper quadrant abdominal pain for one day...
September 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158665/pharmacokinetics-and-tolerability-of-mb12066-a-beta-lapachone-derivative-targeting-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-two-independent-double-blind-placebo-controlled-combined-single-and-multiple-ascending-dose-first-in-human-clinical-trials
#5
Seokuee Kim, SeungHwan Lee, Joo-Youn Cho, Seo Hyun Yoon, In-Jin Jang, Kyung-Sang Yu
MB12066 is a molecule derived from β-lapachone that shown effects on obesity in previous studies. The present studies were conducted to evaluate the tolerability and pharmacokinetics (PK) of MB12066 after the oral administration of single and multiple doses to healthy volunteers. The study comprised 2 independent, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, combined single and multiple ascending dose first-in-human clinical trials to evaluate the safety, tolerability and PK of MB12066 in healthy Korean volunteers...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158182/confirmation-of-specificity-of-reactivity-in-a-solid-phase-elisa-for-the-detection-of-hepatitis-e-viral-antigen-improves-utility-of-the-assay
#6
M J Ankcorn, S Ijaz, B Haywood, J Neuberger, A M ElSharkawy, J Maggs, R S Tedder
Genotype 3 hepatitis E virus (HEV) can lead to persistent infections in immunocompromised hosts. A recently available commercial assay for the detection of HEV antigen (HEV-Ag ELISA, Wantai diagnostics) may enable the study of HEV-Ag dynamics in such persistent infections, however currently there is no confirmatory test available. We generated a putative neutralising reagent from a pool of four convalescent blood donor samples and explored neutralising activity against HEV antigens from clinical samples, HEV tissue-culture and virus-like particles...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156342/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-association-between-bisphenol-a-exposure-and-the-serum-levels-of-liver-enzymes-in-children
#7
Seonhwa Lee, Hye Ah Lee, Bomi Park, Hyejin Han, Bo Hyun Park, Se Young Oh, Young Sun Hong, Eun Hee Ha, Hyesook Park
BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disrupter that acts in an estrogen-like manner. Few studies have investigated the association between urinary BPA concentrations and adverse liver function. Additionally, most studies were cross-sectional in nature and included only adults. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated BPA exposure levels and prospectively explored the association between BPA exposure and liver function in children. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the ongoing prospective Ewha Birth and Growth Cohort Study...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156341/urinary-bisphenol-a-concentrations-are-associated-with-reproductive-parameters-in-young-men
#8
Evdochia Adoamnei, Jaime Mendiola, Fernando Vela-Soria, Mariana F Fernández, Nicolás Olea, Niels Jørgensen, Shanna H Swan, Alberto M Torres-Cantero
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a pervasive environmental toxicant with known reproductive effects on sperm parameters and hormone levels. Several observational studies have investigated the associations between BPA exposure and male reproductive function, but findings are inconsistent. The objective of this study was to assess the associations between urinary BPA concentrations and semen quality and reproductive hormone levels in a cross-sectional study with 215 healthy young university students (18-23 years old), investigated between 2010 and 2011 in Southern Spain (Murcia Region)...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156008/urinalysis-for-the-diagnosis-of-glomerulonephritis-role-of-dysmorphic-red-blood-cells
#9
Abdurrahman M Hamadah, Kamel Gharaibeh, Kristin C Mara, Katherine A Thompson, John C Lieske, Samar Said, Samih H Nasr, Nelson Leung
Background: Dysmorphic red blood cells (dRBCs) on urine microscopy have been associated with glomerulonephritis (GN). We assessed the prevalence and ability of dRBCs to differentiate GN from other kidney diseases. Methods: Adult patients with kidney biopsy performed between 2012 and 2015 at a single center who had a concurrent urinalysis were retrospectively studied. The association of ≥25% dRBCs with the presence of glomerular pathology was assessed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were performed on significantly associated variables...
October 6, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155503/relatives-in-silent-kidney-disease-screening-risks-study-a-chinese-cohort-study
#10
Philip Kam-Tao Li, Jack Kit-Chung Ng, Yuk Lun Cheng, Tze Hoi Kwan, Chi Bon Leung, Miu Fong Lau, Koon Shing Choi, Samuel Ka-Shun Fung, Yiu Wing Ho, Siu Ka Mak, Sydney Chi-Wai Tang, Kin Shing Wong, David Yong, Sing Leung Lui
AIM: Family members of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have higher risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Limited study has examined the risk of developing CKD in relatives of patients in earlier stages of CKD. METHODS: From January 2008 to June 2009, the Hong Kong Society of Nephrology studied first-degree relatives of stage 1-5 CKD patients from 11 local hospitals. A total of 844 relatives of 466 index CKD patients (stages 1-2: 29.6%; stage 3: 16...
December 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154418/measuring-non-polyaminated-lipocalin-2-for-cardiometabolic-risk-assessment
#11
Kangmin Yang, Han-Bing Deng, Andy W C Man, Erfei Song, Jialiang Zhang, Cuiting Luo, Bernard M Y Cheung, Kwok-Yung Yuen, Pia Søndergaard Jensen, Akhmadjon Irmukhamedov, Atlanta G I M Elie, Paul M Vanhoutte, Aimin Xu, Jo G R De Mey, Yu Wang
AIMS: Lipocalin-2 is a pro-inflammatory molecule characterized by a highly diversified pattern of expression and structure-functional relationships. In vivo, this molecule exists as multiple variants due to post-translational modifications and/or protein-protein interactions. Lipocalin-2 is modified by polyamination, which enhances the clearance of this protein from the circulation and prevents its excessive accumulation in tissues. On the other hand, animal studies suggest that non-polyaminated lipocalin-2 (npLcn2) plays a causal role in the pathogenesis of obesity-associated medical complications...
November 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153738/pregnancy-outcomes-following-cardiac-transplantation
#12
Rohan D'Souza, Elisabeth Soete, Candice K Silversides, Nusrat Zaffar, Tim Van Mieghem, Johan Van Cleemput, Catriona Bhagra, Mathew Sermer, Heather Ross
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to report pregnancy outcomes in women following cardiac transplantation. METHODS: This was a descriptive retrospective cohort study of women with pregnancies following cardiac transplantation managed at two large tertiary centres in Canada and Belgium between 2001 and 2017. RESULTS: Sixteen women had 17 singleton pregnancies following cardiac transplantation. The mean maternal age was 28 ± 5.8, and the transplant-to-pregnancy interval was 7...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153700/heparanase-expression-in-blood-is-sensitive-to-monitor-response-to-anticancer-treatment-in-pancreatic-cancer-a-pilot-study
#13
Wujun Wu, Lin Zhao, Yongtian Yu, Haitian Hu, Huaiping Shi, Qian'an Jia, Lixue Du
BACKGROUND: /Objectives: High heparanase level was shown in maliganant tumor; however, whether or not heparanase may serve as a sensitive marker to monitor response to anticancer treatment is still unknown. METHODS: In the pilot study, heparanase mRNA expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cell fraction (PBMC) and activity in plasma and urine were detected by quantitative real time RT-PCR and heparan-degrading enzyme assay in 31 pancreatic cancer patients. RESULTS: Heparanase mRNA and activity in samples from cancer patients were significantly higher than that in healthy donors...
November 13, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153172/a-100-year-review-metabolic-health-indicators-and-management-of-dairy-cattle
#14
T R Overton, J A A McArt, D V Nydam
Our aim in this Journal of Dairy Science centennial review is to describe the evolution of focus on metabolic indicators, from discovery and description to evaluation at the individual cow and subsequently herd levels, over the past 100 yr. Furthermore, we discuss current and future technologies that will be used in the dairy industry to utilize these indicators widely going forward. Knowledge of chemical changes in various fluids (e.g., blood, urine, and milk) accompanying numerous metabolic disease states in the dairy cow has existed since almost the beginning of the Journal of Dairy Science 100 yr ago...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153154/a-100-year-review-from-ascorbic-acid-to-zinc-mineral-and-vitamin-nutrition-of-dairy-cows
#15
W P Weiss
Mineral and vitamin nutrition of dairy cows was studied before the first volume of the Journal of Dairy Science was published and is still actively researched today. The initial studies on mineral nutrition of dairy cows were simple balance experiments (although the methods available at the time for measuring minerals were anything but simple). Output of Ca and P in feces, urine, and milk was subtracted from intake of Ca and P, and if values were negative it was often assumed that cows were lacking in the particular mineral...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153063/-investigation-of-various-virulence-factors-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-strains-isolated-from-nosocomial-infections
#16
Halit Kuş, Uğur Arslan, Hatice Türk Dağı, Duygu Fındık
Klebsiella pneumoniae is an opportunistic pathogen that commonly affects immunosuppressed patients and causes nosocomial infections. K.pneumoniae has a variety of virulence factors, especially capsule polysaccharide, hypermucoviscosity (HV), fimbriae, toxins and determinants for iron acquisition. The aim of this study was to detect the virulence factors in K.pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections in two years. Fifty three K.pneumoniae strains isolated from the samples of patients with nosocomial infections in the Medical Microbiology Laboratory of Selcuk University Faculty of Medicine Hospital between 2011 and 2013 were included in the study...
October 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153041/association-of-procalcitonin-values-and-bacterial-infections-in-pediatric-patients-receiving-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#17
Vi Ean Tan, Wayne S Moore, Arun Chopra, Jeffrey J Cies
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing data in pediatrics demonstrating procalcitonin (PCT) is more sensitive and specific than other biomarkers in the setting of bacterial infections. However, the use of PCT in neonatal and pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is not well described. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to describe the clinical utility of PCT in determining the absence or presence of bacterial infections in neonatal and pediatric patients on ECMO. METHODS: This was a retrospective electronic medical record (EMR) review of data between January 1, 2010 to June 30, 2016 at a single, free-standing, children 's hospital...
November 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153006/effect-of-bariatric-surgery-on-diabetic-nephropathy-in-obese-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-a-retrospective-2-year-study-a-local-pilot
#18
Anthony Tl Chao, Sum Chee Fang, Benjamin Cc Lam, Anton Ks Cheng, Serena Km Low, Lim Su Chi
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of bariatric surgery on albuminuria in obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of clinical records of obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who had either micro- or macroalbuminuria and had undergone various bariatric surgery were retrieved from a local hospital database. Their clinical data from follow-up appointments including albuminuria were analysed. RESULTS: Of the 46 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 15 subjects had diabetic nephropathy and had pre- and post-bariatric surgery urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio or urine protein-to-creatinine ratio data available for analysis; 13 out of the 15 subjects (86...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152254/calcium-intake-and-the-associations-with-faecal-fat-and-energy-excretion-and-lipid-profile-in-a-free-living-population
#19
Louise Kjølbæk, Janne K Lorenzen, Lesli H Larsen, Arne Astrup
The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between the habitual Ca intake and faecal fat and energy excretion as well as blood lipid profile in free-living normal-weight and overweight individuals. The participants were enrolled for an 8-d period where data from a 7-d diet registration (days 1-7), a 5-d faeces collection (days 3-7), a 2-d urine collection (days 5-7), and anthropometric measurements and a fasting blood sample (day 8) were collected. Analyses showed that dietary Ca intake (g/10 MJ per d) was positively associated with excretion of faecal fat (P = 0·004) and energy (P = 0·031) when adjusted for BMI, age, sex and intake of Ca-containing supplements...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151417/-effect-of-early-use-of-different-doses-of-enteral-nutrition-on-prognosis-of-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure
#20
Jianting Gao, Qiuyan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of initial low-dose (trophic type) enteral nutrition (EN) support on mechanical ventilation (MV) time, the incidence of complications and survival rate in patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF). METHODS: A prospective study was conducted. Forty-four patients with ARF undergoing MV admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of Hangzhou Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital from September 2015 to February 2017 were enrolled, and they were divided into a trophic feeding group (n = 23, study group) and a standard-dose feeding group (n = 21, control group)...
November 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
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