keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

High Glucose in urine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501388/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-chinese-urban-population
#1
Juan Chen, Xianglei Kong, Xiaoyan Jia, Wenbin Li, Zunsong Wang, Meiyu Cui, Dongmei Xu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the relationships between the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the metabolic risk factors in a developing country such as China, where genetic and environmental backgrounds differ from those in Western countries. METHODS: The subjects of this cross-sectional study were the individuals from 18 to 92y. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined based on the criteria of Adult Treatment Panel Third Report (ATP III), but using body mass index (BMI) instead of waist circumference...
May 10, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500945/carbohydrate-based-electrochemical-biosensor-for-detection-of-a-cancer-biomarker-in-human-plasma
#2
Marion Devillers, Lama Ahmad, Hafsa Korri-Youssoufi, Laurent Salmon
Autocrine motility factor (AMF) is a tumor-secreted cytokine that stimulates tumor cell motility in vitro and metastasis in vivo. AMF could be detected in serum or urine of cancer patients with worse prognosis. Reported as a cancer biomarker, AMF secretion into body fluids might be closely related to metastases formation. In this study, a sensitive and specific carbohydrate-based electrochemical biosensor was designed for the detection and quantification of a protein model of AMF, namely phosphoglucose isomerase from rabbit muscle (RmPGI)...
April 23, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499385/target-organ-damage-and-incident-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-strong-heart-study
#3
Giovanni de Simone, Wenyu Wang, Lyle G Best, Fawn Yeh, Raffaele Izzo, Costantino Mancusi, Mary J Roman, Elisa T Lee, Barbara V Howard, Richard B Devereux
BACKGROUND: Recent analyses in a registry of hypertensive patients suggested that preceding left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) and/or carotid atherosclerosis are associated with incident type 2 diabetes, independent of confounders. We assess the relation between prevalent cardio-renal target organ damage (TOD) and subsequent incident type 2 diabetes in a population-based study with high prevalence of obesity. METHODS: We selected 2887 non-diabetic participants from two cohorts of the Strong Heart Study (SHS)...
May 12, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480657/urinary-glucose-screening-for-early-detection-of-asymptomatic-type-2-diabetes-in-jeonbuk-province-korean-schoolchildren
#4
Min Sun Kim, Dae Yeol Lee
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of glucosuria and the characteristics of diabetes in schoolchildren as detected by a school urine glucose screening program implemented from 2010 to 2013 in the Jeonbuk province area of Korea. A total of 110 children without known diabetes were analyzed. They were checked with an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with other laboratory tests and their clinical data were collected. A total of 707,238 schoolchildren from a school population of 1,064,999 were screened for glucosuria...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453522/potential-biological-pathways-linking-type-d-personality-and-poor-health-a-cross-sectional-investigation
#5
Vera K Jandackova, Julian Koenig, Marc N Jarczok, Joachim E Fischer, Julian F Thayer
BACKGROUND: Type-D personality, defined as a combination of high negative affect and high social isolation, has been associated with poor health outcomes. However, pathways underlying this association are largely unknown. We investigated the relationship between Type-D personality and several biological and behavioral pathways including the autonomic nervous system, the immune system, glucose regulation and sleep in a large, apparently healthy sample. METHODS: Data from a total of 646 respondents (age 41...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443950/chronic-kidney-disease-determinants-of-progression-and-cardiovascular-risk-progredir-cohort-study-design-and-methods
#6
Maria Alice Muniz Domingos, Alessandra Carvalho Goulart, Paulo Andrade Lotufo, Isabela Judith Martins Benseñor, Silvia Maria de Oliveira Titan
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become an important public health issue. The socioeconomic burden of renal replacement therapy (RRT) is very high, as is CKD-related cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Preventive and therapeutic measures only have modest impact and more research is needed. Few cohort studies have been conducted on populations with CKD. Our aim was to establish a cohort that would include more advanced forms of CKD (stages 3 and 4). Data collection was focused on renal and cardiovascular parameters...
April 20, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435196/hemato-biochemical-alterations-and-urinalysis-in-dogs-suffering-from-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#7
M R Das, R C Patra, R K Das, P K Rath, B P Mishra
AIM: The study was designed to evaluate the hemato-biochemical alterations, urinalysis along with histomorphological and histological changes of prostate glands in dogs affected with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in and around Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In toto, 445 dogs presented to the Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex of the College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, one Government Veterinary Hospital and two pet clinics in and around Bhubaneswar screened for the presence of BPH...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431542/effects-of-periodontal-treatment-on-the-medical-status-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-pilot-study
#8
Joichiro Hayashi, Akihiko Hasegawa, Kohei Hayashi, Takafumi Suzuki, Makiko Ishii, Hideharu Otsuka, Kazuhiro Yatabe, Seiichi Goto, Junichi Tatsumi, Kitetsu Shin
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated that periodontal disease is associated with the development of systemic complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate which markers among various systemic disease parameters are affected by periodontal treatment in patients with T2DM. METHODS: Twelve patients with T2DM were given oral hygiene instructions and subsequent subgingival scaling and root planing...
April 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426384/a-2-year-old-boy-with-circulatory-failure-owing-to-streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome-case-report
#9
Werner Keenswijk, Johan Vande Walle
A 2-year-old boy presented with severe hypotension and acute kidney injury after a prodrome of non-bloody diarrhoea and fever in the preceding 3 days. He had a mild Ebstein cardiac anomaly but otherwise a normal past history and growth. On examination, he looked ill, his temperature was 37.5 °C, circulation was poor, and there were several purpuric lesions on the face, hands and scrotum. Haemoglobin was 7.8 g/dL (11-14), total white cell count 27 × 10(9)/L, platelets 62 × 10(9)/L, blood urea nitrogen 20...
April 20, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413472/anti-diabetic-effect-of-alpinia-oxyphylla-extract-on-57bl-ksj-db-db-mice
#10
Yiqiang Xie, Man Xiao, Dan Li, Hongqin Liu, Fenglin Yun, Yi Wei, Shenggang Sang, Guankui Du
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by high blood glucose levels. Increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) may disrupt insulin signaling and result in insulin resistance. The Alpinia oxyphylla extract (AOE) possesses powerful antioxidant activity and may therefore inhibit the development of insulin resistance. The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of AOE on blood glucose, insulin and lipid levels in a type II diabetic nephropathy animal model (C57BIKsj db-/db-). All experiments were performed on male C57BL/Ks DB/DB and db-/db- mice that were left to acclimatize for 1 week prior to the experimental period...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408246/renal-protective-effect-and-action-mechanism-of-huangkui-capsule-and-its-main-five-flavonoids
#11
Hong-Die Cai, Shu-Lan Su, Da-Wei Qian, Sheng Guo, Wei-Wei Tao, Xu Dong Cong, Renmao Tang, Jin-Ao Duan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The flower of Abelmoschus manihot (Linn.) Medicus (A. manihot), as a traditional Chinese Herbal medicine, was used widely in China with efficacy of inducing diuresis for treating strangurtia, and subdhing swelling and detoxicating. It has been reported that Huangkui capsule, prepared by the extract of the flower of A. manihot, can reduce the content of urinary protein, serum creatinine and serum urea nitrogen in nephropathy rats and processes renoprotective activity, while the action mechanism need to illuminate deeply...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396151/increased-urine-acylcarnitines-in-diabetic-apoe-mice-hydroxytetradecadienoylcarnitine-c14-2-oh-reflects-diabetic-nephropathy-in-a-context-of-hyperlipidemia
#12
Koryun Mirzoyan, Kristaps Klavins, Therese Koal, Marion Gillet, Dimitri Marsal, Colette Denis, Julie Klein, Jean-Loup Bascands, Joost P Schanstra, Jean-Sébastien Saulnier-Blache
Hyperlipidemia is a risk factor for initiation and progression of diabetic nephropathy but the metabolic pathways altered in the diabetic kidney in a context of hyperlipidemia remain incompletely described. Assuming that changes in urine composition reflect the alteration of renal metabolism and function, we analyzed the urine metabolite composition of diabetic (streptozotocin-treatment) and control (non diabetic) ApoE-/- mice fed a high cholesterol diet using targeted quantitative metabolomics. Urine metabolome was also compared to the plasma metabolome of the same animals...
May 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395215/evaluation-of-kidney-function-and-risk-factors-of-retinopathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-people-in-south-africa
#13
F A Ganjifrockwala, J T Joseph, G George
AIM: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a disease of the retina and an important microvascular complication of diabetes, frequently causing blindness in adults. The study aims to evaluate kidney function and risk factors for the development of retinopathy in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. METHODS: A total of 140 participants (54 Type 2DM without retinopathy, 44 with DR and 42 normal, healthy controls) consented to participate in the study. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), lipid profile and renal function tests were measured using routine laboratory methods...
May 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390099/subcutaneous%C3%A2-injection-of-h2-is-a-novel-effective-treatment-for-type-2-diabetes
#14
Xiaolong Zhang, Jiaming Liu, Keke Jin, Haifeng Xu, Chuang Wang, Zhuang Zhang, Mimi Kong, Zhengzheng Zhang, Qingyi Wang, Fangyan Wang
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: In previous studies H2 administration has clearly shown effectiveness in inhibiting diabetes. Here, we evaluated whether subcutaneous injection of H2 shows enhanced efficacy against type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) induced in mice by a high-fat diet and low dose streptozotocin (STZ) treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: H2 was injected subcutaneously at a dose of 1ml/mouse/week for four weeks. T2DM associated parameters were then evaluated to determine the effectiveness of subcutaneous H2 administration...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387853/cxcl8-antagonist-improves-diabetic-nephropathy-in-male-mice-of-diabetes-and-attenuates-high-glucose-induced-mesangial-injury
#15
Siyuan Cui, Yujie Zhu, Jianling Du, Muhammad Noman Khan, Bing Wang, Jing Wei, Jya-Wei Cheng, John R Gordon, Yutian Mu, Fang Li
Inflammation is recognized as a crucial contribution to diabetic nephropathy (DN). CXCL8 binds to its CXC chemokine receptors (CXCR1 and CXCR2) for recruiting neutrophils infiltration and initiates tissue inflammation. Therefore, we explored the effect of CXCR1 and CXCR2 inhibition on diabetic nephropathy. This was achieved by CXCL8 (3-72) K11R/G31P (G31P), an antagonist of CXCL8, which has exhibited therapeutic efficacy in inflammatory diseases and malignancies. In this study, we found renal leukocytes accumulation and rapid increases of CXCL8 occurred in HFD/STZ-induced diabetic mice...
April 6, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380617/palatability-digestibility-and-metabolizable-energy-of-dietary-glycerol-in-adult-cats
#16
G S Machado, J G Pezzali, F R Marx, A M Kessler, L Trevizan
Glycerol is a humectant, which reduces water activity when added to the diet. This property seems to offer dietary benefits, specifically in high-moisture diets for cats, where some humectants cannot be used. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, glycerol is generally recognized as sustenance safe (GRAS). It is suggested that cats are able to metabolize glycerol and use it as an energy source without compromising health. Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the following characteristics of glycerol in the diet for cats: 1) a preference test, 2) digestibility, ME, and fecal and urinary characteristics, and 3) postprandial plasma glycemia...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371213/one-step-synthesis-of-nitrogen-boron-co-doped-fluorescent-carbon-nanoparticles-for-glucose-detection
#17
Meijuan Liang, Yi Ren, Haijuan Zhang, Yunxia Ma, Xiaoying Niu, Xingguo Chen
Heteroatom-doped carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) have attracted considerable attention due to an effective improvement in their intrinsic properties. Here, a facile and simple synthesis of nitrogen, boron co-doped carbon nanoparticles (NB-CNPs) from a sole precursor, 3-aminophenylboronic acid, was performed via a one-step solid-phase approach. Because of the presence of boronic acid, NB-CNPs can be used directly as a fluorescent probe for glucose. Based on a boronic acid-triggered specific reaction, we developed a simple NB-CNP probe without surface modification for the detection of glucose...
March 30, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363806/novel-role-of-insulin-in-the-regulation-of-glucose-excretion-by-mourning-doves-zenaida-macroura
#18
Karen L Sweazea, Eldon J Braun, Richard Sparr
In mammals, insulin primarily lowers plasma glucose (PGlu) by increasing its uptake into tissues. Studies have also shown that insulin lowers PGlu in mammals by modulating glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Birds have naturally high PGlu and, although insulin administration significantly decreases glucose concentrations, birds are resistant to insulin-mediated glucose uptake into tissues. Since prior work has not examined the effects of insulin on GFR in birds, the purpose of the present study was to assess whether insulin can augment renal glucose excretion and thereby lower PGlu...
February 20, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362355/daily-intake-of-grape-powder-prevents-the-progression-of-kidney-disease-in-obese-type-2-diabetic-zsf1-rats
#19
Salwa M K Almomen, Qiunong Guan, Peihe Liang, Kaidi Yang, Ahmad M Sidiqi, Adeera Levin, Caigan Du
Individuals living with metabolic syndrome (MetS) such as diabetes and obesity are at high risk for developing chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study investigated the beneficial effect of whole grape powder (WGP) diet on MetS-associated CKD. Obese diabetic ZSF1 rats, a kidney disease model with MetS, were fed WGP (5%, w/w) diet for six months. Kidney disease was determined using blood and urine chemical analyses, and histology. When compared to Vehicle controls, WGP intake did not change the rat bodyweight, but lowered their kidney, liver and spleen weight, which were in parallel with the lower serum glucose and the higher albumin or albumin/globin ratio...
March 31, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358310/intestinal-transport-characteristics-and-metabolism-of-c-glucosyl-dihydrochalcone-aspalathin
#20
Sandra Bowles, Elizabeth Joubert, Dalene de Beer, Johan Louw, Christel Brunschwig, Mathew Njoroge, Nina Lawrence, Lubbe Wiesner, Kelly Chibale, Christo Muller
Insight into the mechanisms of intestinal transport and metabolism of aspalathin will provide important information for dose optimisation, in particular for studies using mouse models. Aspalathin transportation across the intestinal barrier (Caco-2 monolayer) tested at 1-150 µM had an apparent rate of permeability (Papp) typical of poorly absorbed compounds (1.73 × 10(-6) cm/s). Major glucose transporters, sodium glucose linked transporter 1 (SGLT1) and glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2), and efflux protein (P-glycoprotein, PgP) (1...
March 30, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
keyword
keyword
24209
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"