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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353393/131i-induced-graves-disease-in-patients-treated-for-toxic-multinodular-goitre-systematic-review-and-descriptive-analysis
#1
REVIEW
C Roque, C A Vasconcelos
BACKGROUND: Graves' disease (GD) arising after the treatment of toxic multinodular goitre (TMNG) with radioiodine has long been described but it remained unclear whether GD was in fact iodine induced, its incidence, risk factors, natural history and treatment outcomes. METHODS: A systematic search using The Cochrane Library, Medline and PubMed Central allowed the pooling of data from 3633 patients with thyroid autonomy, 1340 patients with TMNG, to fill gaps in knowledge, regarding the clinical expression of iodine-induced GD (131I-IGD) in adults...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343196/plexiform-vasculopathy-in-feline-cervical-lymph-nodes
#2
Nicole Jungwirth, Johannes Junginger, Christoph Andrijczuk, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Peter Wohlsein
Plexiform vasculopathy refers to an endothelial proliferative disorder affecting cervical or inguinal lymph nodes of cats. The cause of this disorder and the origin of the proliferating endothelial cells are still unknown. In 4 cats with a history of a slowly growing, well-demarcated, nonpainful mass adjacent to the thyroid gland, an enlarged dark brown to red lymph node was removed. Histologically, the lymph nodes showed severe loss of lymphoid tissue with accumulations of erythrocytes. In addition, networks of capillary structures with well-differentiated endothelial cells on a collagen-rich stroma were observed, consistent with benign plexiform vasculopathy...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331885/autonomously-hyperfunctioning-cystic-nodule-harbouring-thyroid-carcinoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Maria João Lima, Virgínia Soares, Pedro Koch, Artur Silva, António Taveira-Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Hyperthyroidism is rarely associated with malignancy, but it cannot rule out thyroid cancer. Although there is published data describing this coexistence, thyroid carcinomas inside autonomously functioning nodules are uncommon. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 49-year-old woman presented with a cervical mass, unexplained weight loss and anxiousness, sweating and insomnia. On physical examination, she had a palpable left thyroid nodule. Thyroid function tests showed suppressed TSH (<0,1 uUI/mL), thyroxine 1,44 ng/dL (normal range 0,70-1,48) and triiodothyronine 4,33 pg/mL (normal range 1,71-3,71)...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330630/evaluation-of-pain-during-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation-of-benign-thyroid-nodules
#4
Brian H H Lang, Yu-Cho Woo, Keith Wan-Hang Chiu
OBJECTIVE: To assess severity and factors of pain during high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of benign thyroid nodules. METHODS: 128 patients who underwent a HIFU ablation for a benign thyroid nodule were analysed. All patients received a bolus of intravenous pethidine and diazepam before treatment. After treatment, patients were asked to rate their overall pain experience on a visual analogue scale (0-100) (0 = no pain; 100 = worse possible pain) during treatment, 2 h after treatment and the following morning...
January 12, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328881/factors-affecting-the-virological-response-among-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-patients-in-yemen
#5
Zaid Mutahar Mohammed Alezzi, Ayman Yosry Abd El Rehim, Waleed Fouad Fathallah, Mansour Ali Alamrani, Fouad Hezam Othman
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is increasingly seen as a major public health problem, threat, and concern worldwide. In Yemen about 1.7% of the population is infected with chronic hepatitis C. This study aimed to detect the predictors for response to pegylated interferon and ribavirin (Peg-IFN/RBV) in chronic HCV Yemeni patients. The study was conducted on 100 patients with chronic HCV who received Peg-IFN/RBV in the 48th Military Hospital in Sana'a Yemen, from 2011 to 2013. All patients were subjected to complete history taking, thorough clinical examinations, routine laboratory investigation, and abdominal ultrasonography...
January 2018: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325681/is-hypothyroidism-in-idiopathic-pleuroparenchymal-fibroelastosis-a-novel-lung-thyroid-syndrome
#6
Nobuyasu Awano, Takehiro Izumo, Kensuke Fukuda, Mari Tone, Daisuke Yamada, Tamiko Takemura, Soichiro Ikushima, Toshio Kumasaka
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a rare type of interstitial pneumonia characterized by fibroelastosis. Patients with IPPFE as well as idiopathic interstitial pneumonia often have autoimmune diseases, which sometimes coincide with hypothyroidism (HypoT). However, there have been no reports on the association between IPPFE and HypoT. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between IPPFE and HypoT. We also examined the pathological features of the thyroid glands from autopsied cases...
January 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323074/small-cell-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#7
Anuj Verma, Shubhada Kane, Sushant Vinarkar, Anil K D'Cruz
Small cell variant of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare variant. In the past, primary thyroid lymphomas were thought to be small cell MTC (SCMTC). However, with the advent of immunohistochemistry, it was realized that SCMTC is rare. Our patient presented with neck mass for 1 year with an outside laboratory report of neoplastic lesion. His serum calcitonin levels were normal, but serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels were high. He underwent total thyroidectomy and was diagnosed to have small cell variant of MTC...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319368/association-of-increased-eomesodermin-bcl6-and-granzyme-b-expression-with-major-clinical-manifestations-of-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-an-observational-study
#8
Mario Štefanić, Stana Tokić, Mirjana Suver Stević, Ljubica Glavaš-Obrovac
PURPOSE: Studies of cytotoxic T cells and their respective lineage master regulators have been limited in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). It is unclear whether their transcriptomes are changed in HT patients and how these changes are associated with the thyroid damage, major clinical manifestations, and disease progression. METHODS: We explored the gene expression patterns of selected transcription factors [eomesodermin (EOMES), BACH2, BCL6, TCF1] and cytolytic molecules [granzyme B (GZMB)] in peripheral blood (PB) T cells of 10 healthy controls and 30 HT patients of various subtypes (hypothyroid, untreated HT; L-thyroxine (T4)-treated HT, and spontaneously euthyroid HT) using real-time quantitative PCR...
January 10, 2018: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319133/the-assessment-of-testosterone-and-radioisotopic-index-of-bone-metabolism-and-bone-mineral-density-in-men-with-testosterone-deficiency-after-one-year-of-testosterone-therapy
#9
Wieslaw Tryniszewski, Grzegorz Kamiński, Zbigniew Maziarz, Michal Nowak, Mariusz Gadzicki, Maciej Radek
BACKGROUND: Testosterone deficiency in men is characterized by typical symptoms of hypogonadism and negative influence on the preservation of bone mass. In this study, we analysed the relationship between testosterone concentration and bone metabolism. Moreover, we assessed the impact of one-year compensation of testosterone deficiency in elderly men on bone metabolism and bone mineral density. Radioisotopic methods of bone metabolism assessment provide new research opportunities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men with total testosterone concentration (TT) ≤ 3 ng/ml were included into this study...
January 10, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319130/anaplastic-thyroid-carcinoma-with-rapid-thyrotoxicosis-case-report-and-the-review-of-literature
#10
Jacek Daroszewski, Katarzyna Paczkowska, Aleksandra Jawiarczyk-Przybyłowska, Marek Bolanowski, Michał Jeleń
INTRODUCTION: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is one of the most aggressive human malignancies and constitutes approximately 1.6-5% of malignant neoplasms of thyroid. ATC usually presents with local symptoms due to rapidly enlarging thyroid mass, and has only seldom been reported to be a cause of thyrotoxicosis. Up to date only 9 cases of ATC presented with thyrotoxicosis have been described. CASE REPORT: We report a case of 66-year-old woman, who had had a large, euthyroid multinodular goiter for almost 50 years...
January 10, 2018: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314156/simultaneous-quantification-of-t4-t3-rt3-3-5-t2-and-3-3-t2-in-larval-zebrafish-danio-rerio-as-a-model-to-study-exposure-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls
#11
Xiaopeng Chen, Kyla M Walter, Galen W Miller, Pamela J Lein, Birgit Puschner
Environmental toxicants that interfere with thyroid hormone (TH) signaling can impact growth and development in animals and humans. Zebrafish represent a model to study chemically-induced TH disruption, prompting the need for sensitive detection of THs. Simultaneous quantification of 3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), 3,3',5'-triiodo-L-thyronine (rT3), 3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine (3,5-T2), and 3,3'-diiodo-L-thyronine (3,3'-T2) in zebrafish larvae was achieved by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in positive ion mode...
January 3, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310810/radiological-features-and-metastatic-patterns-of-thymic-neuroendocrine-tumours
#12
T Araki, L M Sholl, H Hatabu, M Nishino
AIM: To investigate the clinical and image features of thymic neuroendocrine tumours (NETs), and characterise the radiological patterns of recurrence and metastasis on serial imaging studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 14 patients (11 males) with a histopathological diagnosis of thymic NETs (one typical carcinoid, eight atypical carcinoid, and five large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma). Preoperative images were assessed for features of primary tumours...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310337/simulation-of-expected-childhood-and-adolescent-thyroid-cancer-cases-in-japan-using-a-cancer-progression-model-based-on-the-national-cancer-registry-application-to-the-first-round-thyroid-examination-of-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#13
Hideto Takahashi, Kunihiko Takahashi, Hiroki Shimura, Seiji Yasumura, Satoru Suzuki, Akira Ohtsuru, Sanae Midorikawa, Tetsuya Ohira, Hitoshi Ohto, Shunichi Yamashita, Kenji Kamiya
During the 4 years following the nuclear power plant accident of 2011, 39 males and 77 females were diagnosed with or suspected of having cancer based on the first-round thyroid examination of the Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) targeting residents aged <19 years in Fukushima. Prior comparisons between the observed data and Japan's National Cancer Registry (NCR) data suggested that this incidence might be excessive, but such comparisons are problematic because they need not only to adjust index unit (prevalence proportion vs incidence rate), but also examine characteristics (complete enumeration mass screening for the aged 0 to 18 years vs detections in clinical settings for all the residents) and sensitivity of the examinations...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307529/determination-of-thyroid-hormones-in-placenta-using-isotope-dilution-liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#14
Zhong-Min Li, Florian Giesert, Daniela Vogt-Weisenhorn, Katharina Maria Main, Niels Erik Skakkebæk, Hannu Kiviranta, Jorma Toppari, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Heqing Shen, Karl-Werner Schramm, Meri De Angelis
The transplacental passage of thyroid hormones (THs) is of great significance since the maternal THs are vitally important in ensuring the normal fetal development. In this paper, we determined the concentrations of seven THs, viz. L-thyroxine (T4), 3,3',5-triiodo-l-thyronine (T3), 3,3',5'-triiodo-l-thyronine (rT3), 3,3'-diiodo-l-thyronine (T2), 3,5-diiodo-l-thyronine (rT2), 3-iodo-l-thyronine (T1) and 3-iodothyronamine (T1AM), in placenta using isotope dilution liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307098/a-single-incision-thoracoscopic-and-robotic-hybrid-procedure-via-the-axillary-approach-in-a-patient-with-thyroid-lung-and-mediastinal-tumors
#15
Norihiko Ishikawa, Yumiko Ohtake, Go Watanabe
A 66-year-old woman was referred to our institute for an enlarging tumor of the thyroid, and neck and chest computed tomography scan showed not only a thyroid tumor, but also an anterior mediastinal tumor and ground-glass nodules in the lung. Because of persisting symptoms, an enlarging thyroid mass, and the possibility of cancer, excision of the tumors was proposed. A 6-cm-long vertical skin incision was made in the right axilla, a mini-thoracotomy was made in the third intercostal space, and an additional port was placed in the fifth intercostal space...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305431/case-of-nasogastric-tube-dysfunction
#16
Florian Rainer, Guenther Prenner, Lukas Peter Binder, Peter Fickert, Johannes Plank
CLINICAL PRESENTATION: An elderly female patient was admitted to intensive care for prolonged vasopressor therapy and mechanical ventilation after cardiac arrest and acute percutaneous coronary intervention. Antiplatelet, thyroid hormone replacement and statin therapies were administered through a 14-French nasogastric tube (Nestlé Health Science) and enteral feeding was initiated. Correct position of the nasogastric tube was confirmed radiologically. On the seventh day in the intensive care, our patient was seen to regurgitate soft crumbs into her mouth...
January 5, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302493/locally-advanced-asymptomatic-papillary-thyroid-cancer-presenting-with-retropharyngeal-lymph-node-metastasis-symptoms
#17
Roostam Kholmatov, Obinwanne Emejulu, Fadi Murad, Rizwan Aslam, Emad Kandil
Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) rarely metastasizes to the retropharyngeal lymph nodes. Managing patients with locally advanced primary PTC and metastasis located in distant anatomical areas is challenging. Herein, we report a 56-year-old patient with locally advanced asymptomatic PTC, who presented with obstructive airway symptoms due to the metastatic retropharyngeal lymph node. The patient underwent simultaneous total thyroidectomy, central lymph node dissection, en bloc resection of strap muscle and left laryngeal nerve via cervical approach and transoral resection of the metastatic retropharyngeal lymph node...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301248/differences-in-the-plasma-proteome-of-patients-with-hypothyroidism-before-and-after-thyroid-hormone-replacement-a-proteomic-analysis
#18
Assim A Alfadda, Hicham Benabdelkamel, Afshan Masood, Anwar A Jammah, Aishah A Ekhzaimy
Thyroid hormone is a potent stimulator of metabolism, playing a critical role in regulating energy expenditure and in key physiological mechanisms, such as growth and development. Although administration of thyroid hormone in the form of levo thyroxine (l-thyroxine) has been used to treat hypothyroidism for many years, the precise molecular basis of its physiological actions remains uncertain. Our objective was to define the changes in circulating protein levels that characterize alterations in thyroid hormone status...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300814/body-mass-index-and-20-specific-cancers-re-analyses-of-dose-response-meta-analyses-of-observational-studies
#19
E K Choi, H B Park, K H Lee, J H Park, M Eisenhut, H J van der Vliet, G Kim, J I Shin
Background: Objectives were to provide an overview and understand the strength of evidence and extent of potential biases and validity of claimed associations between Body Mass Index (BMI) and risk of developing cancer. Methods: We performed an umbrella review and comprehensively re-analysed the data of dose-response meta-analyses on associations between BMI and risk of 20-specific cancers (bladder, brain, breast, colonic, rectal, endometrial, gallbladder, gastric, leukemia, liver, lung, melanoma, multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkins lymphoma, oesophagus, ovarian, pancreatic, prostate, renal, thyroid) by adding big data or missed individual studies...
December 28, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299091/oncocytoma-a-differential-consideration-for-an-incidentally-detected-fdg-avid-renal-mass-on-pet-ct
#20
Christopher J Smith, Mindy X Wang, Michael Feely, Brandon Otto, Joseph R Grajo
Renal oncocytoma is a benign renal neoplasm that is often discovered incidentally and closely mimics renal cell carcinoma on common imaging modalities such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Due to the inability to reliably distinguish between these benign and malignant lesions with imaging, both are typically treated as if they are malignant. Hypermetabolic activity of renal oncocytomas is not frequently encountered because positron emission tomography (PET) is not a standard modality for imaging primary renal tumors...
May 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
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