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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545190/radiation-exposure-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-fourteen-year-review-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-malaysia
#1
Jeevinesh Naidu, Zhiqin Wong, Shanthi Palaniappan, Chai Soon Ngiu, Raja Affendi Raja Ali
Background and Aims: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are subjected to a large amount of ionizing radiation during the course of their illness. This may increase their risk of malignancy to a greater level than that due to the disease itself. In Caucasian patients with Crohn’s disease, this has been well documented and recommendations are in place to avoid high radiation imaging protocols. However, there are limited data available on radiation exposure in Asian IBD patients.We therefore sought to identify total radiation exposure and any differences between ethnically diverse ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD) patients at our centre along with determining factors that may contribute to any variation...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545133/survey-of-health-literacy-level-and-related-influencing-factors-in-military-college-students-in-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#2
Honghui Rong, Xin Cheng, Jose M Garcia, Ling Zhang, Lu Lu, Jian Fang, Mingshan Le, Peng Hu, Xinlu Dong, Junli Yang, Ya Wang, Ting Luo, Jun Liu, Ji-An Chen
Health literacy (HL) has become an important public health issue and is receiving growing attention. However, the HL levels of military college students in China have never been analyzed. This study aimed to investigate the HL and related associate factors in military college students in Chongqing, China. Data was obtained with the "Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (2012 edition)" from 3183 military college students aged 16-28 years at Chongqing in December 2015. A total score of ≥80 points determined adequate HL, and HL level was defined as the proportion of students who had adequate HL out of the total number of participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545016/statistical-learning-and-auditory-processing-in-children-with-music-training-an-erp-study
#3
Pragati Rao Mandikal Vasuki, Mridula Sharma, Ronny Ibrahim, Joanne Arciuli
OBJECTIVE: The question whether musical training is associated with enhanced auditory and cognitive abilities in children is of considerable interest. In the present study, we compared children with music training versus those without music training across a range of auditory and cognitive measures, including the ability to detect implicitly statistical regularities in input (statistical learning). METHODS: Statistical learning of regularities embedded in auditory and visual stimuli was measured in musically trained and age-matched untrained children between the ages of 9-11years...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545006/cognitive-control-and-reward-loss-processing-in-internet-gaming-disorder-results-from-a-comparison-with-recreational-internet-game-users
#4
G Dong, H Li, L Wang, M N Potenza
Although playing of Internet games may lead to Internet gaming disorder (IGD), most game-users do not develop problems and only a relatively small subset experiences IGD. Game playing may have positive health associations, whereas IGD has been repeatedly associated with negative health measures, and it is thus important to understand differences between individuals with IGD, recreational (non-problematic) game use (RGU) and non-/low-frequency game use (NLFGU). Individuals with IGD have shown differences in neural activations from non-gamers, yet few studies have examined neural differences between individuals with IGD, RGU and NLFGU...
March 30, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544816/analytical-characterization-of-three-cathinone-derivatives-4-mpd-4%C3%A2-f-php-and-bk-epdp-purchased-as-bulk-powder-from-online-vendors
#5
Orapan Apirakkan, Anca Frinculescu, Trevor Shine, Mark C Parkin, Agostino Cilibrizzi, Nunzianda Frascione, Vincenzo Abbate
Novel emerging drugs of abuse, also referred as new psychoactive substances (NPS), constitute an ever-changing mixture of chemical compounds designed to circumvent legislative controls by means of chemical modifications of previously banned recreational drugs. One of such class, synthetic cathinones, namely β-keto derivatives of amphetamines, has been largely abused over the past decade. A number of new synthetic cathinones are detected each year, either in bulk powders/crystals or in biological matrices. It is therefore important to continuously monitor the supply of new synthetic derivatives and promptly report them...
May 23, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544648/effects-of-a-web-based-patient-decision-aid-on-biologic-and-small-molecule-agents-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-answer-2-a-proof-of-concept-study
#6
Linda C Li, Chris Shaw, Diane Lacaille, Elaine Yacyshyn, C Allyson Jones, Cheryl Koehn, Alison M Hoens, Jasmina Geldman, Eric C Sayre, Graham Macdonald, Jenny Leese, Nick Bansback
OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent to which ANSWER-2, an interactive online patient decision aid, reduces patients' decisional conflict and improves their medication-related knowledge and self-management capacity. METHODS: We used a pre-post study design. Eligible participants had a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), had been recommended to start using a biologic or small molecule agent or to switch to a new one, and had Internet access. Access to ANSWER-2 was provided immediately after enrollment...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544310/implementing-the-psychosocial-standards-in-pediatric-cancer-current-staffing-and-services-available
#7
Michele A Scialla, Kimberly S Canter, Fang Fang Chen, E Anders Kolb, Eric Sandler, Lori Wiener, Anne E Kazak
BACKGROUND: Fifteen evidence-based Standards for Psychosocial Care for Children with Cancer and Their Families (Standards) were published in 2015. The Standards cover a broad range of topics and circumstances and require qualified multidisciplinary staff to be implemented. This paper presents data on the availability of psychosocial staff and existing practices at pediatric oncology programs in the United States, providing data that can be used to advocate for expanded services and prepare for implementation of the Standards...
May 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544295/citation-indices-for-social-media-articles-in-urology
#8
Ross J S Calopedos, Cindy Garcia, Prem Rashid, Declan G Murphy, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Henry H Woo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of publications on urological participation in social media (SoMe) by virtue of citations in the urological and non-urological literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On 15 March 2016, a PubMed search was undertaken using the names of the major SoMe platforms in current use and associated with the field of urology. The search term 'urolog*' was used to specifically capture articles that could be associated with 'urology', 'urologist' or 'urological'...
May 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544259/periodontal-maintenance-following-active-specialist-treatment-should-patients-stay-put-or-return-to-primary-dental-care-for-continuing-care-a-comparison-of-outcomes-based-on-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
P G Leavy, D P Robertson
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence for the efficacy of periodontal maintenance (PM) carried out in primary dental care (PDC) compared to the specialist setting for patients previously treated in a specialist setting for chronic (ChP) or aggressive (AgP) periodontitis. METHODS: A focused PICO question and search protocol were developed. Online databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, WEB OF SCIENCE™ and COCHRANE LIBRARY were searched along with specialist journals in the subject area of periodontal research...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544243/evening-versus-morning-dosing-regimen-drug-therapy-for-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-with-hypertension-in-blood-pressure-patterns-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Caixia Wang, Yuqiu Ye, Chunyong Liu, Yongming Zhou, Linsheng Lv, Cailian Cheng, Shaomin Li, Tanqi Lou, Xun Liu
BACKGROUND: Evening dosing regimen drug therapy on blood pressure (BP) control is used widely, but its clinical benefits and preservation or re-establishment of normal 24-hour BP dipping pattern in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is not known. AIMS: To investigate the effect of evening dosing regimen of antihypertensive drugs on blood pressure patterns to CKD patients with hypertension. METHODS: We did a systematic review by searching PUBMED, EMBASE, ASN-ONLINE, the Cochrane Library and the reference lists of relevant articles of published papers...
May 24, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544123/assessing-the-need-for-a-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-programme-using-the-social-media-app-grindr%C3%A2
#11
B Hampel, K Kusejko, D L Braun, J Harrison-Quintana, R Kouyos, J Fehr
OBJECTIVES: HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is not approved in Switzerland and therefore must be paid for by the users themselves. We conducted a survey to find out whether men who have sex with men (MSM) in Switzerland are already taking PrEP, or are considering using it, and whether it is being taken under medical supervision or not. METHODS: Grindr® is a geosocial networking app for MSM. Between 5 and 24 January 2017, users of the app who were located in Switzerland by a global positioning system (GPS) were asked to participate in a ten-question survey on PrEP use...
May 19, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544094/development-and-validation-of-the-patient-physician-relationship-scale-among-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#12
J E Kurlander, W D Chey, C B Morris, Y J B Hu, R K Padival, S I Bangdiwala, N J Norton, W F Norton, D A Drossman
BACKGROUND: An effective patient-physician relationship (PPR) is essential to the care of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We sought to develop and validate an IBS-specific instrument to measure expectations of the PPR. METHODS: We conducted structured focus groups about PPRs with 12 patients with IBS. Qualitative analysis was used to generate a questionnaire (the Patient-Physician Relationship Scale [PPRS]), which was modified with input from content experts and usability testing...
May 22, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544085/e-tc-development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-web-based-intervention-to-reduce-anxiety-and-depression-in-survivors-of-testicular-cancer
#13
L E Heiniger, A B Smith, I Olver, P Grimison, B Klein, A Wootten, J-A M Abbott, M A Price, M McJannett, B Tran, M R Stockler, H Gurney, P N Butow
e-TC is an online intervention designed to address common psychosocial concerns of testicular cancer survivors. It aims to reduce anxiety, depression and fear of cancer recurrence by providing evidence-based information and psychological intervention. This paper details the development and pilot testing of e-TC. During pilot testing, 25 men (with varying psychological profiles) who had completed treatment for testicular cancer, 6 months to 5 years ago (which had not recurred), used e-TC over a 10-week period and provided quantitative and qualitative feedback on the feasibility and acceptability of the programme...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544019/let-s-talk-period-preliminary-results-of-an-online-bleeding-awareness-knowledge-translation-project-and-bleeding-assessment-tool-promoted-on-social-media
#14
E Reynen, J Grabell, A K Ellis, P James
INTRODUCTION: Undiagnosed bleeding disorders are common and can pose significant health risks, especially for women. Recently, a self-administered bleeding assessment tool (Self-BAT) was validated in von Willebrand disease. AIM: To increase awareness of undiagnosed bleeding disorders through the use of an informational website (http://letstalkperiod.ca) targeted at women in their reproductive years. METHODS: The Let's Talk Period website was built in consultation with a medical communications company and focus groups of women, with the aim of clearly presenting key messages around menstrual bleeding...
May 24, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544000/european-academy-of-neurology-european-association-for-palliative-care-taskforce-on-neurology-consensus-recommendations-on-palliative-care-for-patients-with-chronic-and-progressive-neurological-disease-acceptability-for-belgian-neurologists
#15
L J Vanopdenbosch, E Maes, D J Oliver
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A Consensus document on palliative care and neurology has made recommendations on the care of people with chronic and progressive neurological disease. This study aimed to investigate whether these recommendations are understood by, acceptable to and used in practice by neurologists in Belgium. METHODS: An online survey was undertaken of 100 neurologists in Belgium, asking for their opinion on all of the recommendations in the Consensus document...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543809/practice-patterns-of-dermatologists-in-the-pediatric-contact-dermatitis-registry
#16
Sharon E Jacob, Michael B Lipp, Eric Suh, Alina Goldenberg
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: U.S. adults and children are equally likely to have allergic contact dermatitis. Historically the narrow geographic location of data-reporting providers has quantitatively and qualitatively limited the pediatric contact dermatitis data. The Pediatric Contact Dermatitis Registry was used to evaluate self-identified pediatric patch test providers within the United States with regard to demographic characteristics, geographic location, and practice patterns. METHODS: A wide range of U...
May 23, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543764/mir-31-regulates-spermatogonial-stem-cells-meiosis-via-targeting-stra8
#17
Yingjie Wang, Qisheng Zuo, Yulin Bi, Wenhui Zhang, Jin Jin, Liangliang Zhang, Ya-Ni Zhang, Bichun Li
Stra8 (stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8) is a specific gene that is expressed in mammalian germ cells during transition from mitosis to meiosis and plays a key role in the initiation of meiosis in mammals and birds. So, the evaluation of the Stra8 pathway in cSSCs may provide a deeper insight into mammalian spermatogenesis. miRNA was also an important regulating factor for meiosis of SSCs. However, there is currently no data indicating that miRNA regulate the meiosis of SSCs via Stra8. Here, we predicted the prospective miRNA targeting to Stra8 using the online Bioinformatics database-Targetscan, and performed an analysis of the dual-luciferase recombinant vector, pGL3-CMV-LUC-MCS-Stra8-3'UTR...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543627/dental-insurance-service-use-and-health-outcomes-in-australia-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, Dana Teusner, Peter Arrow, David S Brennan
Private Health Insurance plays a key role in financing dental care in Australia. Having private dental insurance has been associated with higher levels of access to dental care, visiting for a check-up, and receiving a favourable pattern of services. Associations with better oral health have also been reported. In the absence of any existing review, this paper aims to systematically review the relationship between dental insurance and dental service use and, or oral health outcomes in Australia. A systematic search of online databases and subsequent sifting resulted in 36 publications, 33 of which were cross-sectional and three cohort analyses...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543553/enhanced-acquired-antibodies-to-a-chimeric-plasmodium-falciparum-antigen-ub05-09-is-associated-with-protective-immunity-against-malaria
#19
Dinga Jerome Nyhalah, Gamua Stanley Dobgima, Vincent PrydeKehdingha Titanji
It has been shown that covalently linking two antigens could enhance the immunogenicity of the chimeric construct. To prioritise such a chimera for malaria vaccine development it is necessary to demonstrate that naturally acquired antibodies against the chimera are associated with protection from malaria. Here we probe the ability of a chimeric construct of UB05 and UB09 antigens (UB05-09) to better differentiate between acquired immune protection and susceptibility to malaria. In a cross-sectional study, recombinant UB05-09 chimera and the constituent antigens were used to probe for specific antibodies in the plasma from children and adults resident in a malaria endemic zone, using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
May 24, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543333/suicide-ideation-and-acceptability-toward-online-help-seeking
#20
Chelsey R Wilks, Trevor N Coyle, Maya Krek, Anita Lungu, Kohjiro Andriani
Suicidal individuals are unlikely to engage in face-to-face treatment. The Internet is emerging as an innovative approach for intervention delivery, particularly for those unable or unwilling to attend traditional treatment. Participants (N = 459) were recruited to fill out online questionnaires on suicide ideation and help-seeking modality preference. The majority of participants endorsed preferring face-to-face help over web-based help. Results from multinominal logistic regression indicated that suicide ideation was significantly related to preferring online methods versus face-to-face methods...
May 20, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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