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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915225/development-of-a-novel-virtual-reality-gait-intervention
#1
Anna E Boone, Matthew H Foreman, Jack R Engsberg
INTRODUCTION: Improving gait speed and kinematics can be a time consuming and tiresome process. We hypothesize that incorporating virtual reality videogame play into variable improvement goals will improve levels of enjoyment and motivation and lead to improved gait performance. PURPOSE: To develop a feasible, engaging, VR gait intervention for improving gait variables. METHODS: Completing this investigation involved four steps: 1) identify gait variables that could be manipulated to improve gait speed and kinematics using the Microsoft Kinect and free software, 2) identify free internet videogames that could successfully manipulate the chosen gait variables, 3) experimentally evaluate the ability of the videogames and software to manipulate the gait variables, and 4) evaluate the enjoyment and motivation from a small sample of persons without disability...
November 14, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915127/mindedit-a-p300-based-text-editor-for-mobile-devices
#2
Amr S Elsawy, Seif Eldawlatly, Mohamed Taher, Gamal M Aly
Practical application of Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) requires that the whole BCI system be portable. The mobility of BCI systems involves two aspects: making the electroencephalography (EEG) recording devices portable, and developing software applications with low computational complexity to be able to run on low computational-power devices such as tablets and smartphones. This paper addresses the development of MindEdit; a P300-based text editor for Android-based devices. Given the limited resources of mobile devices and their limited computational power, a novel ensemble classifier is utilized that uses Principal Component Analysis (PCA) features to identify P300 evoked potentials from EEG recordings...
November 27, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915105/the-effects-of-sleep-restriction-and-sleep-deprivation-in-producing-false-memories
#3
Alex Chatburn, Mark J Kohler, Jessica D Payne, Sean P A Drummond
False memory has been claimed to be the result of an associative process of generalisation, as well as to be representative of memory errors. These can occur at any stage of memory encoding, consolidation, or retrieval, albeit through varied mechanisms. The aim of this paper is to experimentally determine: i) if cognitive dysfunction brought about by sleep loss at the time of stimulus encoding can influence false memory production; and ii) whether this relationship holds across sensory modalities. Subjects undertook both the Deese-Roedigger-McDermott (DRM) false memory task and a visual task designed to produce false memories...
November 30, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914913/vitamin-fortified-snack-food-may-lead-consumers-to-make-poor-dietary-decisions
#4
Linda Verrill, Dallas Wood, Sheryl Cates, Amy Lando, Yuanting Zhang
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) fortification policy discourages the fortification of certain foods, including sugars and snack foods such as cookies, candies, cakes, chips, and carbonated beverages, yet manufacturers sometimes add vitamins and minerals to snack foods. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether vitamin-fortified snack foods affect consumers' information-seeking, purchase decisions, and product-related health perceptions. DESIGN: For this experimental study, participants were randomly assigned to study conditions to compare products that varied in product type, nutrition profile, and fortification and nutrient claim status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914815/findings-from-an-online-survey-assessing-the-burden-and-management-of-seasonal-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-in-us-patients
#5
Eli O Meltzer, Judith Rosen Farrar, Cary Sennett
BACKGROUND: Seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (SARC) affects ≥16% of the US population annually. Telephone and in-office surveys have demonstrated negative effects of allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms on sleep, daily activities, productivity, concentration, and emotions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the patient-perceived burden of SARC in relation to newer treatments, increased access to treatments, and changing management protocols. METHODS: An online survey of symptom experience, impact on daily life, and management was conducted in US respondents who suffer (or whose child suffers) from SARC symptoms...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914720/improving-publication-quality-and-quantity-for%C3%A2-acute-care-authors-from-low-and-middle-income-settings
#6
Stevan R Bruijns, Megan Banner, Gabrielle A Jacquet
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Researchers from low- and middle-income countries have limited access to publishing and editing resources. This study describes a journal-initiated platform to improve publication quantity and quality in Sub-Saharan Africa emergency care research: Author Assist. METHODS: This is a descriptive report of a quality improvement project of referrals to the African Journal of Emergency Medicine's (AfJEM's) Author Assist program between January 2011 and December 2015...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914688/systematic-review-of-rheumatic-disease-epidemiology-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-canada-the-united-states-australia-and-new-zealand
#7
REVIEW
Cairistin McDougall, Kelle Hurd, Cheryl Barnabe
OBJECTIVE: Past publications have highlighted an excess rheumatic disease incidence and prevalence in indigenous populations of Canada (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis), and the United States of America (Alaska Native and American Indian). We have updated these reviews and expanded the scope to include New Zealand (Maori) and Australia (Aborigine) indigenous populations. METHODS: We performed a broad search using medical literature databases, indigenous specific online indexes, and government websites to identify publications reporting the incidence and/or prevalence of arthritis conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies, gout, osteoarthritis, systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis) in the indigenous populations of Canada, America, New Zealand, and Australia...
November 1, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914483/self-reported-testing-and-treatment-histories-among-older-australian-men-and-women-who-may-be-at-risk-of-a-sexually-transmissible-infection
#8
Wendy Heywood, Anthony Lyons, Bianca Fileborn, Victor Minichiello, Catherine Barrett, Graham Brown, Sharron Hinchliff, Sue Malta, Pauline Crameri
Background: Rates of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) are increasing among older adults in many countries. Little is known about the testing and treatment histories of these populations. Correlates of testing in the past 5 years among older adults who may be at risk of a STI were examined. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 2137 Australians aged 60+ years that involved questions on STIs and STI testing was conducted in 2015. To help inform potential education campaigns, analyses focused on those who may have been at risk of a STI (n=805, 38%)...
December 5, 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914171/clinical-feasibility-of-brain-computer-interface-based-on-steady-state-visual-evoked-potential-in-patients-with-locked-in-syndrome-case-studies
#9
Han-Jeong Hwang, Chang-Hee Han, Jeong-Hwan Lim, Yong-Wook Kim, Soo-In Choi, Kwang-Ok An, Jun-Hak Lee, Ho-Seung Cha, Seung Hyun Kim, Chang-Hwan Im
Although the feasibility of brain-computer interface (BCI) systems based on steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) has been extensively investigated, only a few studies have evaluated its clinical feasibility in patients with locked-in syndrome (LIS), who are the main targets of BCI technology. The main objective of this case report was to share our experiences of SSVEP-based BCI experiments involving five patients with LIS, thereby providing researchers with useful information that can potentially help them to design BCI experiments for patients with LIS...
December 3, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913944/special-online-issue-author-disclosure-summary
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913912/genetic-counselor-practices-involving-pediatric-patients-with-fap-an-investigation-of-their-self-reported-strategies-for-genetic-testing-and-hepatoblastoma-screening
#11
Caitlin E Lawson, Thomas M Attard, Hongying Dai, Seth Septer
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a cancer predisposition syndrome that causes early-onset polyposis and is associated with an increased risk for hepatoblastoma. There is currently a lack of consensus on when to order APC (adenomatous polyposis coli) gene testing or implement surveillance for hepatoblastoma. An online questionnaire was completed by 62 genetic counselors to capture their current practices regarding these questions. Extracolonic findings associated with FAP that were most likely to prompt APC testing in an otherwise asymptomatic 10 year-old child with a negative family history were multiple desmoid tumors, congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE), jaw osteomas, and hepatoblastoma...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913659/formative-research-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-develop-an-oral-health-intervention-for-migrant-mexican-families
#12
Tracy L Finlayson, Padideh Asgari, Lisa Hoffman, Ana Palomo-Zerfas, Martha Gonzalez, Nannette Stamm, Maria-Isabel Rocha, Arcela Nunez-Alvarez
Oral health is a leading unmet health need among migrant families. This article describes the 1-year, community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach employed to plan and develop a Líder Communitario (lay community health worker)-led educational intervention for Mexican migrant adult caregivers and their families in three underserved, remote communities in North San Diego County, California. Four partner organizations collaborated, reviewed existing oral health curricula, and sought extensive input on educational topics and research design from key informants, migrant caregivers, and Líderes Communitarios...
December 1, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913369/adaptive-optimal-control-using-frequency-selective-information-of-the-system-uncertainty-with-application-to-unmanned-aircraft
#13
Arnab Maity, Leonhard Hocht, Christian Heise, Florian Holzapfel
A new efficient adaptive optimal control approach is presented in this paper based on the indirect model reference adaptive control (MRAC) architecture for improvement of adaptation and tracking performance of the uncertain system. The system accounts here for both matched and unmatched unknown uncertainties that can act as plant as well as input effectiveness failures or damages. For adaptation of the unknown parameters of these uncertainties, the frequency selective learning approach is used. Its idea is to compute a filtered expression of the system uncertainty using multiple filters based on online instantaneous information, which is used for augmentation of the update law...
November 28, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913360/real-time-decentralized-neural-control-via-backstepping-for-a-robotic-arm-powered-by-industrial-servomotors
#14
Luis A Vazquez, Francisco Jurado, Carlos E Castaneda, Victor Santibanez
This paper presents a continuous-time decentralized neural control scheme for trajectory tracking of a two degrees of freedom direct drive vertical robotic arm. A decentralized recurrent high-order neural network (RHONN) structure is proposed to identify online, in a series-parallel configuration and using the filtered error learning law, the dynamics of the plant. Based on the RHONN subsystems, a local neural controller is derived via backstepping approach. The effectiveness of the decentralized neural controller is validated on a robotic arm platform, of our own design and unknown parameters, which uses industrial servomotors to drive the joints...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913114/the-role-of-pharmacists-in-caring-for-young-people-with-chronic-illness
#15
Nicola J Gray, Karen L Shaw, Felicity J Smith, Jonathan Burton, Julie Prescott, Rachel Roberts, David Terry, Janet E McDonagh
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived and potential roles of pharmacists in the care of young people aged 10-24 years with chronic illness, through the exemplar of juvenile arthritis, from the perspectives of UK community and hospital pharmacists, health service commissioners, rheumatology health professionals, and lay advocates. METHODS: A sequential mixed methods study design comprises the following: focus groups with community and hospital pharmacists; telephone interviews with pharmacy and rheumatology stakeholders and commissioners; and multidisciplinary group discussions to prioritize roles generated by the first two qualitative phases...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913069/otolaryngology-sleep-medicine-curriculum-objectives-as-determined-by-sleep-experts
#16
Nathan Cass, Alan Kominsky, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
PURPOSE: (1) Ascertain the most important concepts and topics for otolaryngology resident education in sleep medicine and surgery, as determined by faculty who teach sleep medicine to otolaryngology residents. (2) Create learning objectives within the area of otolaryngologic sleep medicine in order to design a sleep medicine curriculum for otolaryngology residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two web-based surveys were sent to 163 academic otolaryngologists who teach sleep medicine...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913062/physiotherapists-and-general-practitioners-attitudes-towards-physio-direct-phone-based-musculoskeletal-physiotherapy-services-a-national-survey
#17
Nicholas Harland, Brian Blacklidge
OBJECTIVES: Physiotherapy phone based, "Physio Direct" (PD) musculoskeletal triage and treat services are a relatively new phenomena. This study explored Physiotherapist and GP attitudes towards PD services. DESIGN: Online national survey via cascade e-mail initiated by study leads. PARTICIPANTS: 488 Physiotherapists and 68 GPs completed the survey. OUTCOME MEASURES: The survey asked three negatively worded and three positively worded Likert scale questions regarding PD services...
September 17, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912942/assessing-knowledge-about-acupuncture-a-survey-of-people-with-back-pain-in-the-uk
#18
Maddy Greville-Harris, John Hughes, George Lewith, Christina Liossi, Peter White, Cynthia A Graham, Felicity L Bishop
OBJECTIVES: Despite the prevalence of acupuncture treatment in the UK, and the increasing evidence of safety and effectiveness, the information presented to patients by practitioners frequently contains inaccuracies. As knowledge of treatment affects both patient decision-making and treatment outcomes, this study aimed to establish what is known about acupuncture in a sample of people who had, and had not, previously experienced acupuncture. DESIGN: A 15-item questionnaire was constructed to assess knowledge of acupuncture...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912864/clinical-and-epidemiological-aspects-of-scorpionism-in-the-world-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Maria S V Santos, Cláudio G L Silva, Basílio Silva Neto, Cícero R P Grangeiro Júnior, Victor H G Lopes, Antônio G Teixeira Júnior, Deryk A Bezerra, João V C P Luna, Josué B Cordeiro, Jucier Gonçalves Júnior, Marcos A P Lima
OBJECTIVE: Scorpion stings are registered worldwide, but the incidence and the features of the envenomations vary depending on the region. The aim of this review was to summarize the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic data worldwide regarding humans stung by scorpions. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted through the online databases of the Virtual Health Library (VHL), which hosts Medline and the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Informational (LILACS) database...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912768/quasi-continuous-parallel-online-scattered-light-fluorescence-and-dissolved-oxygen-tension-measurement-combined-with-monitoring-of-the-oxygen-transfer-rate-in-each-well-of-a-shaken-microtiter-plate
#20
Tobias Ladner, Markus Held, David Flitsch, Mario Beckers, Jochen Büchs
BACKGROUND: Microtiter plates (MTP) are often applied as culture vessels in high-throughput screening programs. If online measuring techniques are available, MTPs can also be applied in the first steps of process development. For such small-scale bioreactors dipping probes are usually too large; therefore, optical measurements are often used. For example, the BioLector technology allows for the online monitoring of scattered light and fluorescence in each well of a continuously orbitally shaken MTP...
December 3, 2016: Microbial Cell Factories
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