keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Labs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001003/emergency-management-of-sepsis-the-simple-stuff-saves-lives
#1
David Sweet, Julian Marsden, Kendall Ho, Christina Krause, James A Russell
Many emergency departments have implemented sepsis protocols since the 2001 publication of results from the early goal-directed therapy trial, which showed early targeted resuscitation lowers mortality. As part of an attempt to improve clinical and operational outcomes for emergency departments across British Columbia, we reviewed sepsis management literature and considered sepsis protocol implementation in the province’s emergency departments. During the literature review we found that many observational studies confirmed an association between implementation of emergency sepsis protocols and decreased mortality...
May 2012: BC medical journal: BCMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691186/does-micropuncture-technique-really-help-reduce-vascular-complications
#2
Hari Bogabathina, Sampath Singireddy, Runhua Shi, Liam Morris, Abdulrahman Abdulbaki, Henock Zabher, Pavan Katikaneni, Kalgi Modi
BACKGROUND: Micropuncture technique (MPT) is being adapted nationally to reduce vascular complications (VC). We initiated a quality improvement project in our cath lab to reduce VCs utilizing MPT. METHODS: We utilized MPT on all of our non-STEMI femoral artery (FA) access cases starting September 2016. As a comparator group, we collected data from April to August 2016. Anatomic localization of FA and fluoroscopic marking of femoral head was utilized in all cases...
March 26, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690547/stability-of-antiradical-activity-of-protein-extracts-and-hydrolysates-from-dry-cured-pork-loins-with-probiotic-strains-of-lab
#3
Paulina Kęska, Joanna Stadnik
The application of starter cultures to improve quality and safety has become a very common practice in the meat industry. Probiotic strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can also bring health benefits by releasing bioactive peptides. The aim of this work was to evaluate the stability of antiradical activity of protein extracts from LAB-inoculated dry-cured pork loins during long-term aging and evaluate their hydrolysates after simulated gastrointestinal digestion. Analyses of hydrolysates by using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) were strengthened with in silico analysis...
April 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689732/a-novel-algorithm-for-thermal-image-encryption
#4
Iqtadar Hussain, Amir Anees, Abdulmohsen Algarni
Thermal images play a vital character at nuclear plants, Power stations, Forensic labs biological research, and petroleum products extraction. Safety of thermal images is very important. Image data has some unique features such as intensity, contrast, homogeneity, entropy and correlation among pixels that is why somehow image encryption is trickier as compare to other encryptions. With conventional image encryption schemes it is normally hard to handle these features. Therefore, cryptographers have paid attention to some attractive properties of the chaotic maps such as randomness and sensitivity to build up novel cryptosystems...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689619/canine-feline-and-equine-corneal-vascular-neoplasia-a-retrospective-study-2007-2015
#5
Alba Maria M Shank, Leandro B C Teixeria, Richard R Dubielzig
Corneal vascular neoplasms (hemangioma and hemangiosarcoma) are rare in all species. Reported cases are single case reports in a single species. Archived cases of corneal hemangioma and hemangiosarcoma from dogs, cats, and horses were obtained from the Comparative Ocular Pathology Lab of Wisconsin (COPLOW, Madison, WI), tabulated, and examined. This retrospective study describes the breeds, ages, tumor types, and characteristics of vascular neoplasms that appeared to be primarily corneal in location, in feline, canine, and equine patients, with gross and histologic images...
April 24, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689588/virtual-reality-simulator-systems-in-robotic-surgical-training
#6
Alberto Mangano, Federico Gheza, Pier Cristoforo Giulianotti
The number of robotic surgical procedures has been increasing worldwide. It is important to maximize the cost-effectiveness of robotic surgical training and safely reduce the time needed for trainees to reach proficiency. The use of preliminary lab training in robotic skills is a good strategy for the rapid acquisition of further, standardized robotic skills. Such training can be done either by using a simulator or by exercises in a dry or wet lab. While the use of an actual robotic surgical system for training may be problematic (high cost, lack of availability), virtual reality (VR) simulators can overcome many of these obstacles...
April 23, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689444/changes-in-the-physical-properties-of-the-dynamic-layer-and-its-correlation-with-permeate-quality-in-a-self-forming-dynamic-membrane-bioreactor
#7
Dao Guan, Ji Dai, Yoshimasa Watanabe, Guanghao Chen
The self-forming dynamic membrane bioreactor (SFDMBR) is a biological wastewater treatment technology based on the conventional membrane bioreactor (MBR) with membrane material modification to a large pore size (30-100 μm). This modification requires a dynamic layer formed by activated sludge to provide effective filtration function for high-quality permeate production. The properties of the dynamic layer are therefore important for permeate quality in SFDMBRs. The interaction between the structure of the dynamic layer and the performance of SFDMBRs is little known but understandably complex...
April 18, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689132/alcohol-delays-the-onset-of-puberty-in-the-female-rat-by-altering-key-hypothalamic-events
#8
Vinod K Srivastava, Jill K Hiney, William L Dees
BACKGROUND: Because alcohol (ALC) delays signs of pubertal development, we assessed the time course of events associated with the synthesis of critical hypothalamic peptides that regulate secretion of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), the peptide that drives the pubertal process. METHODS: Immature female rats were administered either lab chow or Bio-Serve isocaloric control or ALC liquid diets from 27 through 33 days of age. On days 28, 29, 31 and 33 animals were killed by decapitation and tissue blocks containing the medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) and the rostral hypothalamic area (RHA) were isolated and stored frozen until assessed by Western blot analysis...
April 24, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688751/analysis-of-immediate-student-outcomes-following-a-change-in-gross-anatomy-laboratory-teaching-methodology
#9
Salman Afsharpour, Abigail Gonsalves, Ronald Hosek, Eric Partin
OBJECTIVE: To compare student performance following a change in laboratory teaching methodology from cadavers to models to virtual dissection table in a musculoskeletal gross anatomy course in a doctor of chiropractic program. METHODS: Three marking periods of laboratory and lecture examination scores from 3 consecutive academic calendar years were evaluated and compared using simple analysis as well as analysis of variance and post hoc t tests. The 1st cohort of students ( n = 352) utilized cadavers...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688738/national-and-subnational-cardiovascular-diseases-mortality-attributable-to-salt-consumption-in-iran-by-sex-and-age-from-1990-to-2016
#10
Ali Gholami, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Shahab Khatibzadeh, Ali Sheidaei, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Farshad Farzadfar
BACKGROUND: Dietary salt consumption is an important factor for mortality from cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Therefore, the aim of this study is to measure the levels of salt consumption and then estimate the effects of current levels of salt consumption on mortality from CVDs at national and subnational levels from 1990 to 2016 in Iran. METHODS: In this study, we will use national and subnational studies with data on salt consumption, including self-report or lab tests for sodium measurement and all available published data about salt and sodium (with conduct a systematic review) to estimate salt exposure levels...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688636/-critical-evaluation-of-the-ability-to-diagnose-periprosthetic-infection-in-a-medical-system-in-israel
#11
Raviv Allon, Nofar Ben Basat, Alexander Puhov, Yaron Zaulan, Ronit Wollstein
INTRODUCTION: Prosthetic joint infection is a dangerous complication of joint replacement arthroplasty. Besides its catastrophic consequences, differentiating a deep infection from other complications is not always trivial due to lack of clinical signs of infection, inaccurate tests, lab-dependent analysis, variable normal values and ongoing dispute in the literature regarding the recommended diagnosis algorithm. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine the diagnosis algorithm in our medical center...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688313/automatic-selection-of-verification-tools-for-efficient-analysis-of-biochemical-models
#12
Mehmet Emin Bakir, Savas Konur, Marian Gheorghe, Natalio Krasnogor, Mike Stannett
Motivation: Formal verification is a computational approach that checks system correctness (in relation to a desired functionality). It has been widely used in engineering applications to verify that systems work correctly. Model checking, an algorithmic approach to verification, looks at whether a system model satisfies its requirements specification. This approach has been applied to a large number of models in systems and synthetic biology as well as in systems medicine. Model checking is, however, computationally very expensive, and is not scalable to large models and systems...
April 24, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688050/influence-of-agapanthus-africanus-on-nitrification-in-a-vertical-subsurface-flow-constructed-wetland
#13
Ana María Leiva, Carolina Reyes-Contreras, Gladys Vidal
The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of Agapanthus africanus (A. africanus) on nitrification in a vertical subsurface flow constructed wetlands (VSSFs) system. Two lab-scale VSSFs were operated: a) one was planted with A. africanus (vertical flow planted, VFP), and b) the other was unplanted (vertical flow control, VFC). The operation strategy was divided into three phases and consisted of increasing the ammoniacal nitrogen loading rate (ALR) (Phase I: 1.4; Phase II: 2.4; Phase III: 4.4 g NH4 + -N·m-2 ·d-1 )...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687734/temporal-pattern-of-emotions-and-cognitive-load-during-simulation-training-and-debriefing
#14
Kristin Fraser, Kevin McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: In the simulated clinical environment, there is a perceived benefit to the emotional activation experienced by learners; however, potential harm of excessive and/or negative emotions has also been hypothesized. An improved understanding of the emotional experiences of learners during each phase of the simulation session will inform instructional design. METHODS: In this observational study, we asked 174 first-year medical students about their emotional state upon arrival to the simulation lab (t1)...
April 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687381/decellularized-adipose-tissue-scaffolds-for-soft-tissue-regeneration-and-adipose-derived-stem-stromal-cell-delivery
#15
Pascal Morissette Martin, Arthi Shridhar, Claire Yu, Cody Brown, Lauren E Flynn
Surgically discarded adipose tissue is not only an abundant source of multipotent adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ASCs) but can also be decellularized to obtain a biomimetic microenvironment for tissue engineering applications. The decellularization methods involve processing excised fat through a series of chemical, mechanical, and enzymatic treatment stages designed to extract cells, cellular components, and lipid from the tissues. This process yields a complex 3D bioscaffold enriched in collagens that mimics the biochemical and biomechanical properties of the native extracellular matrix (ECM)...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687075/emotion-dysregulation-and-negative-affect-laboratory-and-ema-investigations-in-smokers
#16
Jessica M MacIntyre, Aimee C Ruscio, Emily Brede, Andrew J Waters
Introduction: Difficulties in emotion regulation are associated with addictive behaviors, including smoking. Difficulties in emotion regulation may underlie large, rapid changes in negative affect that can increase likelihood of relapse. We investigated the association between emotion regulation ability and negative affect in smokers assessed both in the laboratory and in the field using Ecological Momentary Assessment. Methods: Adult community smokers ( N  = 44) carried a personal digital assistant (PDA) for two weeks and were instructed to complete assessments of negative affect multiple times per day...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686990/perspective-of-micro-process-engineering-for-thermal-food-treatment
#17
Alexander Mathys
Micro process engineering as a process synthesis and intensification tool enables an ultra-short thermal treatment of foods within milliseconds (ms) using very high surface-area-to-volume ratios. The innovative application of ultra-short pasteurization and sterilization at high temperatures, but with holding times within the range of ms would allow the preservation of liquid foods with higher qualities, thereby avoiding many unwanted reactions with different temperature-time characteristics. Process challenges, such as fouling, clogging, and potential temperature gradients during such conditions need to be assessed on a case by case basis and optimized accordingly...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686791/lung-consolidation-as-a-rare-presentation-of-lymphoplasmacytic-lymphoma-with-extramedullary-waldenstr%C3%A3-m-s-macroglobulinemia
#18
Omar Abdulfattah, Ebad Ur Rahman, Bikash Bhattarai, Sumit Dahal, Zainab Alnafoosi, David Trauber, Danilo Enriquez, Frances Schmidt
Objectives : Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) is a mature B cell lymphoma that usually involves the bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes. Extramedullary involvement, including the lung, is rarely reported. Case description : A 73-year-old female initially presented to our hospital complaining of productive cough of white-colour sputum for three weeks duration. She reported unintentional weight loss of ten pounds over the last five months. There was no history of haemoptysis, fever, night sweats, chills, recent infections or hospitalization...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686652/application-of-bacteriocins-and-protective-cultures-in-dairy-food-preservation
#19
REVIEW
Célia C G Silva, Sofia P M Silva, Susana C Ribeiro
In the last years, consumers are becoming increasingly aware of the human health risk posed by the use of chemical preservatives in foods. In contrast, the increasing demand by the dairy industry to extend shelf-life and prevent spoilage of dairy products has appeal for new preservatives and new methods of conservation. Bacteriocins are antimicrobial peptides, which can be considered as safe since they can be easily degraded by proteolytic enzymes of the mammalian gastrointestinal tract. Also, most bacteriocin producers belong to lactic acid bacteria (LAB), a group that occurs naturally in foods and have a long history of safe use in dairy industry...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686505/a-new-diagnostic-tool-for-rapid-and-accurate-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#20
Ali Nour-Neamatollahi, Seyed Davar Siadat, Shamsi Yari, Alireza Hadizadeh Tasbiti, Nayereh Ebrahimzadeh, Farzam Vaziri, Abolfazl Fateh, Morteza Ghazanfari, Farid Abdolrahimi, Shahin Pourazar, Ahmadreza Bahrmand
Mycobacterium tuberculosis , acid fast bacilli from the family of Mycobacteriaceae , is the causative agent of most cases of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis, as a communicable disease, remains a serious public health threat, killing more than one million people globally every year. Primary diagnosis of tuberculosis bacilli (TB) relies mainly on microscopic detection of acid fast bacilli (AFB), but the method suffers from low sensitivity and the results largely depend on the technician's skill. New diagnostic tools are necessary to be introduced for rapid and accurate detection of the bacilli in sputum samples...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
keyword
keyword
24195
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"