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Yang-Soo Kim, Hyo-Jin Lee, In Park, Gwang Young Sung, Dong-Jin Kim, Jong-Ho Kim
Large to massive rotator cuff tears are challenging to repair, although there are several options for dealing with them. Among them, superior capsular reconstruction was recently introduced as an effective procedure for retaining the static stability of the shoulder joint and preventing the progression to cuff tear arthropathy. The purpose of this technique-based article is to describe a surgical option, called arthroscopic in situ superior capsular reconstruction, for large to massive rotator cuff tears using the long head of the biceps tendon...
February 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Philippe Collin, Alexandre Lädermann
Anteroinferior glenohumeral instability can be treated by variants of the Bankart repair, remplissage , and the Latarjet procedure, although all options remain associated with complications, including recurrence, stiffness, persistent pain, apprehension, and dislocation arthropathy. The authors therefore thought of a concept of dynamic anterior stabilization to treat anteroinferior glenohumeral instability by transferring the long head of the biceps within a subscapularis split to the anterior glenoid margin, thereby creating a "sling effect" by using a conservative technique...
January 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Kate S Smigiel, William C Parks
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Macrophages are central players in the immune response following tissue injury. These cells perform many functions, and the changing tissue microenvironment during injury shapes macrophage phenotype down a variety of polarized pathways. This review summarizes the current knowledge on the roles of macrophages during different stages of tissue injury, repair, and-if repair is not achieved-fibrosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Macrophages present early in inflammation are functionally distinct from those at later stages...
March 17, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reports
Elena Donoso-Úbeda, Javier Meroño-Gallut, José Antonio López-Pina, Rubén Cuesta-Barriuso
BACKGROUND: Hemophilic arthropathy is characterized by loss of function and chronic pain. Fascial therapy mobilizes the connective tissue, intervening in the state of the injured fascial complex and the surrounding tissues. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety of a physiotherapy program through fascial therapy in adult patients with hemophilic ankle arthropathy. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Twenty-three adult patients with hemophilia from 26 to 65 years of age were recruited...
March 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Tristan Pascart, Frédéric Lioté
This review article summarizes the relevant English literature on gout from 2010 through April 2017. It emphasizes that the current epidemiology of gout indicates a rising prevalence worldwide, not only in Western countries but also in Southeast Asia, in close relationship with the obesity and metabolic syndrome epidemics. New pathogenic mechanisms of chronic hyperuricaemia focus on the gut (microbiota, ABCG2 expression) after the kidney. Cardiovascular and renal comorbidities are the key points to consider in terms of management...
March 13, 2018: Rheumatology
Y Dargaud, X Delavenne, D P Hart, S Meunier, P Mismetti
Over the past decades, haemophilia management has continually evolved, with prophylaxis now considered the treatment of choice. Prophylaxis primarily seeks to prevent bleeding and haemarthrosis episodes from occurring and avert the otherwise inevitable haemophilic arthropathy. Yet, numerous unanswered issues remain. These concern dose levels, dosing intervals, ways of integrating variability in bleeding phenotype, patient age, joint status, lifestyle, physical activity, treatment adherence and individual responses to FVIII or FIX concentrates...
March 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Francesco Caso, Marco Tasso, Pasquale Ambrosino, Matteo Nicola, Dario Di Minno, Roberta Lupoli, Livio Criscuolo, Paolo Caso, Francesco Ursini, Antonio Del Puente, Raffaele Scarpa, Luisa Costa, Rosario Peluso
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic inflammatory arthropathy that affects 14%-30% of patients with skin and/or nail psoriasis and leading to severe physical limitations and disability. It has been included in the group of spondyloarthropathy with which it shares clinical, radiologic, and serologic features in addition to familial and genetic relationship. Beyond skin and joint involvement, psoriatic arthritis is characterized by a high prevalence of extra-articular manifestation and comorbidities, such as autoimmune, infectious and neoplastic diseases...
March 13, 2018: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Dharmadas Salini, Kumar Harish, Pillay Minnie, Karimassery R Sundaram, Bal Arun, Chirukandath J Sandya, Thacho S Mangalanandan, Lakshmanan Vivek, Valiyaparambil P Praveen
Aims: Available literature on the prevalence of Charcot arthropathy (CA) represents mainly Western population. No study has been reported from India so far. Hence we attempted to study the prevalence of CA in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and severe peripheral neuropathy (T2DMPN), belonging to Indian population amongst whom type 2 diabetes is on the rise in alarming proportions. Materials and Methods: Medical records of 3387 patients who performed an objective vibration perception threshold test during the year 2015 were screened for T2DMPN...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Aurélie Najm, Carl Orr, Lorna Gallagher, Monika Biniecka, Emeline Gaigneux, Benoit Le Goff, Ursula Fearon, Douglas J Veale
Objectives: Ultrasonography (US) is a fast, available and low-cost imaging tool used for detecting knee synovitis. Our aims were to assess the relationship between US and histology findings in appraising levels of inflammation and vascularity in the knee joint in subjects with inflammatory arthropathies; to determine whether differences exist in the appraisal between varying knee compartments and to compare US performances compared with gold standard histology for knee synovitis detection...
2018: RMD Open
Carolina Diez Morrondo, Lucía Pantoja Zarza, Pelayo Brañanova López, Miriam García Arias
An acute inflammatory arthritis of unknown cause has been described in beekeepers in relation to their work with the hives. We present the case of a beekeeper who, after a bee sting, developed arthritis of the interphalangeal joint of the first finger of his left hand. Although the subacute clinical course and the magnetic resonance imaging findings required the differential diagnosis with an infectious process, the rest of the laboratory tests. other imaging studies and the course, together with a history of a similar episode a few years earlier on a finger of the other hand after a bee sting, enabled us to diagnosis this condition...
March 9, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
Daniela Marotto, Antonella De Santis, Donatella Chessa, Davide Firinu, Stefano Del Giacco
Gout is the most common form of arthritis in adults. It is often associated with other comorbidities, which contraindicate the use of conventional therapies. The discovery of the role of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in orchestrating the monosodium urate crystal-induced inflammatory response offered new therapeutic prospects to refractory patients, or to those in whom standard therapies are contraindicated. This paper describes a clinical case of a 65-year-old man with chronic tophaceous gouty arthropathy and subintrant flares, who had comorbidities contraindicating the use of conventional gout therapies-to which he did not respond-who was treated with canakinumab, a monoclonal selective inhibitor of IL-1β...
March 9, 2018: Rheumatology and Therapy
F Guerra-Soriano, M I Encalada-Díaz, M Ruiz-Suárez, F S Valero-González
INTRODUCTION: Glenohumeral arthritis secondary to massive rotator cuff tear presents with a superior displacement and femoralization of the humeral head with coracoacromial arch acetabularization. The purpose of this study was to establish prevalence of rotator cuff tear artropathy (CTA) at our institution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four hundred electronic records were reviewed from which we identified 136 patients with rotator cuff tears. A second group was composed with patients with massive cuff tears that were analized and staged by the Seebauer cuff tear arthropathy classification...
September 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
T Patzer
BACKGROUND: In a progredient rotator cuff tear with tendon retraction, fatty infiltration and atrophy of rotator cuff muscles the humerus cannot be centered and stabilized sufficiently in the glenohumeral joint. This leads to rotator cuff defect arthropathy as an eccentric osteoarthritis with acetabularization and wear of the acromion, as well as of the glenoid. INDICATION: A painful pseudoparalysis of the shoulder indicates the implantation of a reversed total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) to reduce pain and restore active motion...
March 7, 2018: Der Orthopäde
Kotaro Matsumoto, Jun Kikuchi, Yuko Kaneko, Hidekata Yasuoka, Kazuko Suzuki, Hirobumi Tokuyama, Kaori Kameyama, Kunihiro Yamaoka, Tsutomu Takeuchi
RATIONALE: Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA) can present rheumatic manifestations in patients on long-term hemodialysis. Typical articular symptoms with DRA involve carpal-tunnel syndrome, effusion in large joints, spondyloarthropathy, or cystic bone lesions, which are usually with non-inflammatory processes. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old man on hemodialysis for >30 years was admitted because of intermittent fever, polyarthritis, and elevated serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level, which was continuous for 2 years...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Adnan Hussain, Muhammad Muzzammil, Faisal Butt, Epaminondas Markos Valsamis, Amitabh J Dwyer
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated radiographic findings of sclerosis and cortical irregularity at the greater tuberosity can suggest a rotator cuff tear. Plain radiographs are the most easily attainable first-line investigations in evaluating shoulder injuries. This study determines the effectiveness in predicting degenerate rotator cuff tears by detecting radiographic changes on shoulder x-rays. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study with a consecutive series of patients conducted in Hinchingbrooke Hospital, Huntingdon, United Kingdom from January 2015 to June 2017...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Byron H Gottschalk, Jonathan Blankenstein, Linrui Guo
Cardiac ochronosis is a rare complication of alkaptonuria, a disorder of tyrosine metabolism characterized by a triad of dark urine, pigmentation of tissues, and ochronotic arthropathies. When present, cardiac ochronosis generally affects the aortic valve resulting in aortic stenosis. More rarely, it may affect the mitral valve and the coronary arteries. We describe the case of a 67-year-old lady with a history of alkaptonuria with severe ochronosis of the coronary arteries and mitral valve, requiring coronary bypass and mitral valve replacement...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Marina Sáez Belló, Pilar Llopis Salvia, Juan José Alegre Sancho, José María Paredes Arquiola, M Del Carmen Asencio Muñoz, Mónica Climente Martí
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the usefulness of serum concentrations (Sc) of adalimumab (ADA) as a predictor of medication adherence using the medication possession ratio (MPR) and Morisky Green test (MGT) in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Design a prospective descriptive cohort study. INCLUSION CRITERIA: adult patients diagnosed with inflammatory arthropathy (IA) or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treated with ADA...
February 27, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
Tyler W Buckner, Katharine Batt, David L Cooper, Christine L Kempton
People with hemophilia frequently suffer from arthropathy that leads to pain and functional impairment, ultimately resulting in reduced quality of life. The impact of pain and functional impairment on the lives of people with hemophilia was explored in the Pain, Functional Impairment, and Quality of Life (P-FiQ) study. Various patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments were employed to assess the effect of pain and functional impairment on multiple aspects of health in people with hemophilia. The results presented in this supplement include detailed observations from PRO instruments regarding pain, functional impairment, anxiety, and depression, an analysis of the differences in health-related quality of life across subgroups of patients defined by demographic and treatment-related characteristics, and results of a modeling analysis to identify patient factors which influence perceptions of pain and functional impairment, independent of joint status...
April 2018: European Journal of Haematology
Nerea G Ventades, Imanol M Laza, Montserrat Hervella, Concepción de-la-Rúa
The present study is focused on a group of arthropathies that may have very similar bone manifestations (rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, osteoarthritis and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis), which makes it more difficult to diagnose them in human remains from archaeological contexts. A stepwise recording form was designed in order to improve the identification and differential diagnosis of these pathological conditions in bone remains, particularly in joint manifestations of the spine, pelvis, hands, feet and other limb joints...
March 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
Andrea Constanza Mayordomo, Juan Eduardo Silva, Carolina Virginia Gorlino, José Luis Arias, Walter Berón, María Silvia Di Genaro
Dendritic cells (DCs) play critical functions in the initiation of immune responses. Understanding their role in reactive arthritis (ReA) will help delineate the pathogenesis of this arthropathy. In early studies, we detected IL-12/23p40 deregulation in Yersinia entercolitica (Ye)-induced ReA in TNFRp55-deficient (TNFRp55-/-) mice. In this study, we assessed the contribution of DCs in this overproduction. First, greater levels of IL-12/23p40, IFN-γand IL-17A were confirmed in supernatants of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated TNFRp55-/-splenocytes obtained on arthritis onset (day 14 after Ye infection)...
2018: PloS One
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