keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acute kidney failure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145723/statin-initiation-and-renal-outcomes-following-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-meta-analysis
#1
Yushu Wang, Sui Zhu, Rongsheng DU, Juteng Zhou, Yucheng Chen, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: The effects of preoperative statin therapy (PST) on renal outcomes in patients with isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are in controversial. This study aimed to assess the effects of preoperative statin use on postoperative renal outcomes in patients undergoing isolated CABG. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched for studies published up to February 2017. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and its corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145282/autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-combined-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-case-report
#2
Yingjing Shen, Chenggang Xu
INTRODUCTION: This report describes the novel sampling of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) combined with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). SYMPTOMS AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 48-year-old Chinese man presented with anasarca, hypourocrinia, gross hematuria, and weight gain by 10 kg subsequently developed acute kidney injury after struck by acute respiratory distress syndrome, really a threat to his heart. DIAGNOSES: Abdominal ultrasound revealed multiple small cysts in both kidneys, with the right kidney measuring 11...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141552/para-prosthetic-leaks-following-mitral-valve-replacement-case-analysis-on-a-20-year-period
#3
Melvin Dziubek, Charalampos Pierrakos, Louis Chebli, Helene Demanet, Ahmed Sanoussi, Pierre Wauthy
BACKGROUND: Mitral para-prosthetic leaks are rare but major complications of mitral heart valve replacements. When they must be re-operated, they are burdened with high mortality rates. We propose to review our surgical experience in terms of approach and type of operation carried out. METHODS: Demographic, preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative characteristics of 34 patients who benefited from a surgical treatment of mitral paravalvular leak at the Brugmann University Hospital between 1996 and 2016 have been gathered retrospectively...
November 9, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139625/late-graft-failure-after-kidney-transplantation-as-the-consequence-of-late-versus-early-events
#4
Robert S Gaston, Ann Fieberg, Lawrence Hunsicker, Bertram L Kasiske, Robert Leduc, Fernando G Cosio, Sita Gourishankar, Joseph Grande, Roslyn B Mannon, David Rush, Michael J Cecka, John Connett, Arthur J Matas
Beyond the first posttransplant year, 3% of kidney transplants fail annually. In a prospective, multicenter cohort study, we tested the relative impact of early versus late events on risk of long-term death-censored graft failure (DCGF). In grafts surviving at least 90 days, early events (acute rejection [AR] and delayed graft function [DGF] before day 90) were recorded; serum creatinine (Cr) at day 90 was defined as baseline. Thereafter, a 25% rise in serum Cr or new onset proteinuria triggered graft biopsy (index biopsy, IBx), allowing comparison of risk of DCGF associated with early events (AR, DGF, baseline serum Cr >2...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136619/risk-factor-analysis-for-aki-including-laboratory-indicators-a-nationwide-multicenter-study-of-hospitalized-patients
#5
Sasa Nie, Zhe Feng, Li Tang, Xiaolong Wang, Yani He, Jingai Fang, Suhua Li, Yibin Yang, Huijuan Mao, Jundong Jiao, Wenhu Liu, Ning Cao, Wenge Wang, Jifeng Sun, Fengmin Shao, Wenge Li, Qiang He, Hongli Jiang, Hongli Lin, Ping Fu, Xinzhou Zhang, Yinghong Liu, Yonggui Wu, ChunSheng Xi, Meng Liang, Zhijie Qu, Jun Zhu, Guangli Wu, Yali Zheng, Yu Na, Ying Li, Wei Li, Guangyan Cai, Xiangmei Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Risk factor studies for acute kidney injury (AKI) in China are lacking, especially those regarding non-traditional risk factors, such as laboratory indicators. METHODS: All adult patients admitted to 38 tertiary and 22 secondary hospitals in China in any one month between July and December 2014 were surveyed. AKI patients were screened according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes' definition of AKI. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for AKI, and Cox regression was used to analyze the risk of in-hospital mortality for AKI patients; additionally, a propensity score analysis was used to reconfirm the risk factors among laboratory indicators for mortality...
October 24, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135142/-investigation-of-serum-cysteine-concentration-to-monitor-glomerular-filtration-rate-for-early-diagnosis-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-combined-trauma
#6
I A Miziev, M Kh Makhov
AIM: / To determine the early diagnostic criteria for acute kidney injury in patients with combined trauma using serum cystatin C as a biomarker in the diagnostic work-up of the affected patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: / The study comprised 42 patients who suffered combined trauma from 2015 to 2016. Cystatin C level was measured in serum. Blood sampling was done on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th day of the injury. The patients were predominantly men (80%). Renal function was tested by measuring the rate of filtration and reabsorption using the Reberg-Tareev test...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125081/-metformin-associated-lactic-acidosis-an-insufficiently-recognised-problem
#7
M Manders, M van Luin, C Kramers, F H Bosch
Metformin-associated lactic acidosis (MALA) is a rare but potentially fatal condition that can easily be avoided. As metformin is known to facilitate the production of lactate, predisposing factors can accelerate this process. In situations of infection or dehydration, metformin can accumulate due to kidney failure, hereby increasing the risk of MALA. Despite controversy in the literature about the presence of a relationship between metformin and lactic acidosis, the severity of the condition is cause for concern and allows for preventive measurements...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123570/cyclophosphamide-and-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-a-sour-combination
#8
Tim Hendra, Jonathan Simon, Alastair Lowe
We present a case of a woman in her 70 s, on cyclophosphamide for multiple myeloma, who was admitted to critical care with grade III acute kidney injury. Renal replacement therapy with regional citrate anticoagulation was commenced. Shortly thereafter her systemic-ionised calcium levels fell and remained stubbornly low until post-filter calcium return was doubled. Her total-to-ionised calcium ratio gradually increased and so, to avoid further accumulation of citrate, anticoagulation was changed to heparin...
November 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120031/histopathological-immunohistochemical-and-stereological-analysis-of-the-effect-of-gingko-biloba-egb761-on-the-hippocampus-of-rats-exposed-to-long-term-cellphone-radiation
#9
Fikret Gevrek
Cellular phones are major sources of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) that can penetrate the human body and pose serious health hazards. The increasingly widespread use of mobile communication systems has raised concerns about the effects of cellphone radiofrequency (RF) on the hippocampus because of its close proximity to radiation during cellphone use. The effects of cellphone EMR exposure on the hippocampus of rats and the possible counteractive effects of ginkgo biloba (Egb761) were aimed to investigate...
November 9, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119923/drug-induced-nephrotoxicity-pathogenic-mechanisms-biomarkers-and-prevention-strategies
#10
Jiaguo Huang, Huizi Wu
Overdosing of the drugs, drug-drug interaction or drug related adverse effects are the risk factors of drug-induced nephrotoxicity. Since the use of some nephrotoxic drugs is still unavoidable in clinic, to understand the pathogenic mechanisms of nephrotoxicity of these drugs is critical to decrease the incidence of kidney injury. Early detection of drug-induced nephrotoxicity and reduce the therapeutic side effects are still accessible approaches to avoid the end stage of renal failure. Therefore, the discovery or development of the early and accurate diagnostic biomarkers is an effective prevention strategy for drug-induced kidney impairment...
November 8, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118769/clinical-usefulness-of-urinary-liver-fatty-acid-binding-protein-excretion-for-predicting-acute-kidney-injury-during-the-first-7-days-and-the-short-term-prognosis-in-acute-heart-failure-patients-with-non-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Akihiro Shirakabe, Noritake Hata, Nobuaki Kobayashi, Hirotake Okazaki, Masato Matsushita, Yusaku Shibata, Suguru Nishigoori, Saori Uchiyama, Kuniya Asai, Wataru Shimizu
Background: The clinical significance of urinary liver fatty acid-binding protein (u-LFABP) in acute heart failure (AHF) patients remains unclear. Methods and Results: The u-LFABP levels on admission of 293 AHF patients were analyzed. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the u-LFABP quartiles (Q1, Q2, and Q3 = low u-LFABP [L] group vs. Q4 = high u-LFABP [H] group). We evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic value of u-LFABP and compared the findings between the chronic kidney disease (CKD; n = 165) and non-CKD patients (n = 128)...
October 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118765/urinary-liver-type-fatty-acid-binding-protein-level-as-a-predictive-biomarker-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-acute-decompensated-heart-failure
#12
Keiichi Hishikari, Hiroyuki Hikita, Shun Nakamura, Shun Nakagama, Masahumi Mizusawa, Tasuku Yamamoto, Junichi Doi, Yosuke Hayashi, Yuya Utsugi, Makoto Araki, Yuta Sudo, Shigeki Kimura, Atsushi Takahashi, Takashi Ashikaga, Mitsuaki Isobe
Background: There are no biological markers to predict the onset of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) levels are markedly upregulated in the proximal tubules after renal ischemia. We investigated whether urinary L-FABP is a suitable marker to predict AKI in ADHF patients. Methods: We examined 281 consecutive patients with ADHF. Serum creatinine (Cr) and L-FABP levels were measured at admission and 24 and 48 h after admission...
October 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115386/protein-extracted-from-porphyra-yezoensis-prevents-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-by-downregulating-the-mapk-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways
#13
In-Hye Kim, Mi-Jin Kwon, Jae-Hun Jung, Taek-Jeong Nam
Acute renal failure is a serious complication of treatment with the anticancer drug cisplatin. Cisplatin exerts a cytotoxic effect on renal cells by inducing apoptosis through activating the tumor suppressor p53, nuclear factor‑κB (NF‑κB) and mitogen‑activated protein kinase (MAPK)/p38 pathways. Effects of protein extracts of the brown seaweed Porphyra yezoensis (P. yezoensis) on cytotoxicity, inflammation and cell proliferation have been reported; however, the effects of P. yezoensis protein (PYP) extract on cisplatin‑induced renal injury have remained elusive...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114233/the-jnk-signaling-pathway-in-renal-fibrosis
#14
REVIEW
Keren Grynberg, Frank Y Ma, David J Nikolic-Paterson
Fibrosis of the glomerular and tubulointerstitial compartments is a common feature of chronic kidney disease leading to end-stage renal failure. This fibrotic process involves a number of pathologic mechanisms, including cell death and inflammation. This review focuses on the role of the c-Jun amino terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway in the development of renal fibrosis. The JNK pathway is activated in response to various cellular stresses and plays an important role in cell death and inflammation. Activation of JNK signaling is a common feature in most forms of human kidney injury, evident in both intrinsic glomerular and tubular cells as well as in infiltrating leukocytes...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113255/acute-renal-failure-due-to-small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-left-kidney-a-case-report
#15
Hakan Bahadir Haberal, Şenol Tonyali, Dilek Ertoy Baydar, Cenk Yücel Bilen
The majority of small cell carcinoma (SCC) cases originate from the lungs. SCC of the kidneys is rare. Among genitourinary tumors, renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of tumor to be associated with paraneoplastic syndromes. The majority of paraneoplastic syndromes disappear following nephrectomy in renal cell carcinoma cases. The present case involved the assessment of a female patient with SCC of the left kidney. The patient was diagnosed with acute renal failure and underwent a laparoscopic left radical nephrectomy...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112081/predictors-prevalence-and-outcomes-of-early-crystalloid-responsiveness-among-initially-hypotensive-patients-with-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#16
Daniel E Leisman, Martin E Doerfler, Sandra M Schneider, Kevin D Masick, Jason A D'Amore, John K D'Angelo
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of responsiveness to initial fluid challenge among hypotensive sepsis patients is unclear. To avoid fluid overload, and unnecessary treatment, it is important to differentiate these phenotypes. We aimed to 1) determine the proportion of hypotensive sepsis patients sustaining favorable hemodynamic response after initial fluid challenge, 2) determine demographic and clinical risk factors that predicted refractory hypotension, and 3) assess the association between timeliness of fluid resuscitation and refractoriness...
November 3, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111542/a-call-to-action-to-develop-integrated-curricula-in-cardiorenal-medicine
#17
Claudio Ronco, Federico Ronco, Peter A McCullough
With the adoption of the new definition and classification of cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) and its relevant subtypes, much attention has been placed on elucidating the mechanisms of heart and kidney interactions. The pathophysiologic pathways are of great interest by which acute heart failure may result in acute kidney injury (AKI; type 1), chronic heart failure accelerates the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD; type 2), AKI provokes cardiac events (type 3), and CKD increases the risk and severity of cardiovascular disease (type 4)...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109879/legionnaires-disease-complicated-with-rhabdomyolysis-and-acute-kidney-injury-in-an-aids-patient
#18
Karan Seegobin, Satish Maharaj, Cherisse Baldeo, Julio Perez Downes, Pramod Reddy
Objective: To present a case of an uncommon triad of Legionella pneumonia, rhabdomyolysis, and renal failure, with review of the relevant literature. Case: A 51-year-old with a history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and hypertension presented with fever, cough, and shortness of breath over four days. Chest X-ray showed consolidation in left lower lung field; urine was positive for Legionella antigen and myoglobin; creatine kinase was 51092U/L; creatine was 6...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109872/severe-decompression-illness-case-report-prehospital-recognition-and-regional-transport-considerations
#19
Julie Estrada, David Meurer, Kevin De Boer, Karl Huesgen
A 46-year-old male presented to our tertiary care emergency department (ED) with shortness of breath and chest pain following an uneventful four-hour SCUBA dive at 100 feet. His prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) assessment revealed transient hypotension and hypoxia. He later developed progressive skin mottling. Serology was significant for acute kidney injury, transaminitis, hemoconcentration, and hypoxia on an arterial blood gas. Computed tomography (CT) angiography demonstrated intravascular gas throughout the mesenteric and pulmonary arteries as well as the portal venous system...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108517/inferior-long-term-outcomes-for-kidney-transplant-recipients-with-an-immunologically-mediated-primary-renal-disease
#20
Evaldo Favi, José Alberto Rodrigues Pedroso, Maria Paola Salerno, Gionata Spagnoletti, Jacopo Romagnoli, Franco Citterio
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent glomerulonephritis can negatively affect kidney allograft survival. However, how primary renal disease affects transplant outcomes in the new era of immunosuppression remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We categorized 426 kidney transplant recipients (performed from 1996 to 2007) into 4 disease groups: (1) 99 recipients with biopsy-proven immunologically mediated kidney disease, (2) 40 recipients with urologic disease, (3) 67 recipients with polycystic kidney disease, and (4) 220 recipients with other causes of terminal renal failure/uncertain kidney disease...
October 31, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
keyword
keyword
24189
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"