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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054504/proteomics-in-plasma-of-ovariectomized-rats-and-those-exposed-to-estradiol-valerate
#1
Hai Jiang, Wenpei Bai, Wenjuan Wang, Ke Wang, Jing Jia, Jing Zhang, He Diao, Lihua Qin
The menopausal period, an inevitable physiological process for women, is frequently associated with physiological and psychological dysfunction attributable to substantial fluctuation and gradual decrease in female hormones induced by ovarian failure, leading to corresponding symptoms and diseases that impact multiple systems in the body to varying degrees. As prior studies have focused primarily on menopausal syndrome-related pathophysiological changes and hormone replacement therapy effects, here we approached menopausal disease incidence risk and pathogenesis through systemic plasma proteomics analysis...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053648/influence-of-clinical-and-psychological-variables-upon-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#2
A Blanco-Aguilera, E Blanco-Aguilera, R Serrano-Del-Rosal, L Biedma-Velázquez, A Rodriguez-Torronteras, R Segura-Saint-Gerons, A Blanco-Hungria
BACKGROUND: To analyze the association between the OHIP-14 and the different subtypes making up the clinical and psychological axis obtained using the RDC/TMD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 407 patients treated at the TMD unit of the Andalusian Healthcare Service were administered the Spanish version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders questionnaire (RDC/TMD), together with the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14). The degree of association between the patients' score in the OHIP-14 and the clinical and biopsychosocial variables was analyzed through bivariate and multivariate analyses, specifically through linear regression...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053404/positive-body-image-is-positively-associated-with-hedonic-emotional-and-eudaimonic-psychological-and-social-well-being-in-british-adults
#3
Viren Swami, Laura Weis, David Barron, Adrian Furnham
Studies examining associations between positive body image and well-being have used a limited array of measures of each construct. To rectify this, we asked an online sample of 1148 UK adults to complete a range of measures of positive body image (body appreciation, body image flexibility, body pride, body acceptance from others) and a multi-dimensional measure of well-being (emotional, psychological, and social). Results showed that, once the effects of age and body mass index (BMI) had been accounted for, body appreciation significantly predicted all dimensions of well-being...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053188/trends-in-risk-of-pregnancy-loss-among-us-women-1990-2011
#4
Lauren M Rossen, Katherine A Ahrens, Amy M Branum
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy loss can have physical and psychological consequences for women and their families. Though a previous study described an increase in the risk of self-reported pregnancy loss from 1970 to 2000, more recent examinations from population-based data of US women are lacking. METHODS: We used data from the 1995, 2002, 2006-2010, 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth on self-reported pregnancy loss (miscarriage, stillbirth, ectopic pregnancy) among US women (15-44 years) who reported at least one pregnancy conceived during 1990-2011 that did not result in induced termination (n = 20 012 women; n = 42 526 pregnancies)...
October 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052667/differences-in-coping-among-african-american-women-with-breast-cancer-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#5
Crystal C Watkins, Iye Kamara Kanu, Jill B Hamilton, Sharon L Kozachik, Fannie Gaston-Johansson
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in psychological distress, symptoms, coping capacity, and coping abilities among African American (AA) women with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non-TNBC and to explore differences in relationships among these variables.
. DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive, comparative, and correlational design.
. SETTING: Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.
. SAMPLE: 30 AA women with breast cancer...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052660/symptom-distress-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-toward-the-end-of-life
#6
Lissi Hansen, Nathan F Dieckmann, Kenneth J Kolbeck, Willscott E Naugler, Michael F Chang
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe the presence, frequency, severity, and distress of symptoms in outpatients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma toward the end of life, and the variability in psychological and physical symptom distress between and within patients over time. 
. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal, descriptive design. 
. SETTING: Outpatient clinics at two healthcare institutions. 
. SAMPLE: 18 patients (15 men and 3 women) with hepatocellular carcinoma and a mean age of 63...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052503/intensive-follow-up-for-women-with-breast-cancer-review-of-clinical-economic-and-patient-s-preference-domains-through-evidence-to-decision-framework
#7
Alessandra Lafranconi, Liisa Pylkkänen, Silvia Deandrea, Anke Bramesfeld, Donata Lerda, Luciana Neamțiu, Zuleika Saz-Parkinson, Margarita Posso, David Rigau, Ivan Sola, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Maria José Martinez-Zapata
BACKGROUND: Women treated for breast cancer are followed-up for monitoring of treatment effectiveness and for detecting recurrences at an early stage. The type of follow-up received may affect women's reassurance and impact on their quality of life. Anxiety and depression among women with breast cancer has been described, but little is known about how the intensity of the follow-up can affect women's psychological status. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of intensive vs...
October 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052308/an-audit-of-ect-in-england-2011-2015-usage-demographics-and-adherence-to-guidelines-and-legislation
#8
John Read, Christopher Harrop, Jim Geekie, Julia Renton
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) continues to be used in England, but without comprehensive national auditing. Therefore, information was gathered on usage, demographics, consent, and adherence to the guidelines of the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (N.I.C.E.) and to the Mental Health Act. DESIGN AND METHODS: Freedom of Information Act requests were sent to 56 National Health Service Trusts. RESULTS: Thirty-two trusts provided some usable data...
October 20, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052096/life-paths-of-patients-with-transthyretin-related-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy-val30met-a-descriptive-study
#9
Alice Lopes, Alexandra Sousa, Isabel Fonseca, Margarida Branco, Carla Rodrigues, Teresa Coelho, Jorge Sequeiros, Paula Freitas
Transthyretin-related familial amyloid polyneuropathy Val30Met is a fatal progressive disease. It is a rare hereditary amyloidosis, manifesting as a sensorimotor neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction. It begins during adulthood and is a disabling disease, posing a great psychological burden to patients and their families. Our aim was to describe and characterize life events related to the disease and discuss its psychosocial implications. Social and demographic data and a questionnaire on history of family and personal disease, and biographic events, were applied to 209 subjects attending an outpatient specialized clinic...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051841/perceived-cost-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-purchasing-hiv-self-testing-kits-among-urban-tanzanian-men-an-inductive-content-analysis
#10
Larissa Jennings, Donaldson F Conserve, Jamison Merrill, Lusajo Kajula, Juliet Iwelunmor, Sebastian Linnemayr, Suzanne Maman
Impoverished men have lower rates of facility-based HIV counseling and testing and higher unknown HIV-positive status than women. Economic theory suggests that individuals will obtain an HIV test if anticipated benefits are greater than anticipated costs. Yet, few studies have investigated the range of financial preferences of HIV self-testing (HIVST) among poor men who decline testing or do not test regularly. Twenty-three interviews were conducted to qualitatively assess perceived costs saved and costs incurred from use of HIVST kits in infrequently- or never-tested Tanzanian men...
August 2017: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050272/impact-of-marital-status-on-renal-cancer-patient-survival
#11
Hongzhi Wang, Lu Wang, Ildar Kabirov, Li Peng, Guang Chen, Yinhui Yang, Zamyatnin Andrey A, Wanhai Xu
Marital status is an independent prognostic factor for various cancer types. The present study used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to analyze the impact of marital status on renal cancer patient survival outcomes. We identified a total of 62,405 eligible patients (23,800 women and 38,605 men). Overall 5-year renal cancer cause-specific survival (CSS) was 80.3% in the married group, 69.2% in the widowed group, 78.9% in the single group, and 76...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049938/dietary-patterns-in-french-home-living-older-adults-results-from-the-prause-study
#12
C Ferrand, C Féart, G Martinent, C Albinet, N André, M Audiffren
The aim of the present study was to provide descriptive dietary patterns of home-living older adults, and to examine their association with sociodemographic and 'diet-related' variables, and health and psychological factors. Dietary patterns were analyzed using separately cluster analysis for men (N=151,Mage=72.72, SD=8.80, range=56-97) and women (N=251, Mage=76.74, SD=9.95, range=55-97) in 402 older adults aged 55 years and over. Cluster analyses showed four distinct dietary profiles for each gender. In older men, the four distinct dietary clusters were associated with any differences in sociodemographic and 'diet-related' variables, cognitive function, and health and psychological factors...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049292/rejection-sensitivity-as-a-vulnerability-marker-for-depressive-symptom-deterioration-in-men
#13
Jannika De Rubeis, Ricardo G Lugo, Michael Witthöft, Stefan Sütterlin, Markus R Pawelzik, Claus Vögele
Consistent across time and cultures, men and male adolescents older than 14 years of age appear underrepresented in mood disorders, and are far less likely than women to seek psychological help. The much higher rate of suicide amongst males suggests that depression in men might be underreported. One of the core human motives is to seek acceptance by others and avoid rejection. Rejection Sensitivity (RS) has been conceptualized as the cognitive-affective processing disposition to anxiously expect, readily perceive, and intensely respond to cues of rejection in the behavior of others...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048320/development-of-the-carmen-q-questionnaire-for-mental-workload-assessment
#14
Susana Rubio-Valdehita, María I López-Núñez, Ramón López-Higes, Eva M Díaz-Ramiro
BACKGROUND: Mental workload has emerged as one of the most important occupational risk factors present in most psychological and physical diseases caused by work. In view of the lack of specific tools to assess mental workload, the objective of this research was to assess the construct validity and reliability of a new questionnaire for mental workload assessment (CarMen-Q). METHOD: The sample was composed of 884 workers from several professional sectors, between 18 and 65 years old, 53...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048313/knowledge-and-attitudes-about-abortion-among-undergraduate-students
#15
David Alvargonzález
BACKGROUND: This study examined attitudes towards and knowledge about abortion among undergraduate students doing eleven different subjects. The differences in attitudes and knowledge about abortion according to gender, religious and political affiliation, religiosity, sexual orientation, number of sex partners and previous sexual experience were also considered. METHOD: 1,025 undergraduate students (58.34% women and 41.66% men; mean age 20.18) completed the following instruments: an adaptation of the Abortion Attitudes Scale by Hill, and an adaptation of Abortion Knowledge Test by Esposito and Basow...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048302/pre-symptomatic-testing-for-neurodegenerative-disorders-middle-to-long-term-psychopathological-impact
#16
Susana Lêdo, Ângela Leite, Teresa Souto, Maria A Pimenta Dinis, Jorge Sequeiros
BACKGROUND: Over the past 20 years, studies have revealed that the communication of a pre-symptomatic test (PST) result for late-onset diseases, such as Huntington’s disease (HD), doesn’t cause psychological disturbance. This cross-sectional study investigated the middle- (4 years) to long-term (7 and 10 years) psychological impact of PST for 3 autosomal dominant late-onset diseases: HD, Machado-Joseph disease (DMJ) and familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP). METHOD: The study included 203 subjects: 170 (84%) agreed to make the PST for FAP, 29 (14%) for HD and 4 (2%) for MJD...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048192/intersectionality-research-in-counseling-psychology
#17
Patrick R Grzanka, Carlos E Santos, Bonnie Moradi
This article introduces the special section on intersectionality research in counseling psychology. Across the 4 manuscripts that constitute this special section, a clear theme emerges: a need to return to the roots and politics of intersectionality. Importantly, the 2 empirical articles in this special section (Jerald, Cole, Ward, & Avery, 2017; Lewis, Williams, Peppers, & Gadson, 2017) are studies of Black women's experiences: a return, so to speak, to the subject positions and social locations from which intersectionality emanates...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048180/-meta-analyses-and-p-curves-support-robust-cycle-shifts-in-women-s-mate-preferences-reply-to-wood-and-carden-2014-and-harris-pashler-and-mickes-2014-correction-to-gildersleeve-haselton-and-fales-2014
#18
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Meta-analyses and p-curves support robust cycle shifts in women's mate preferences: Reply to Wood and Carden (2014) and Harris, Pashler, and Mickes (2014)" by Kelly Gildersleeve, Martie G. Haselton and Melissa R. Fales (Psychological Bulletin, 2014[Sep], Vol 140[5], 1272-1280). In the article, all p-curve analyses examining the Context Moderation Hypothesis Prediction mistakenly included the p-value from Little, Jones, Burt, & Perrett (2007) Study 2 for the simple effect of fertility on attraction to facial symmetry in a short-term relationship context (p < ...
November 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046965/mother-infant-bonding-in-the-postpartum-period-assessment-of-the-impact-of-pre-delivery-factors-in-a-clinical-sample
#19
Borja Farré-Sender, Anna Torres, Estel Gelabert, Susana Andrés, Alba Roca, Gracia Lasheras, Manuel Valdés, Lluïsa Garcia-Esteve
This study aims to examine the extent to which a variety of pre-delivery factors (demographic, reproductive, psychological, psychiatric, and psychopathological) predict disturbances in mother-infant bonding (MIB) in the postpartum period. Two hundred fifty-one pregnant women enrolled at a public perinatal psychiatric service were assessed between the first and second trimester of pregnancy and at 6-7 weeks after delivery. During pregnancy, the psychological risk factors were assessed with the Vulnerable Personality Style Questionnaire, the Marital Adjustment Scale, the Early Trauma Inventory, and the General Health Questionnaire...
October 18, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046273/upright-versus-lying-down-position-in-second-stage-of-labour-in-nulliparous-women-with-low-dose-epidural-bumpes-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
(no author information available yet)
Objective To determine whether being upright in the second stage of labour in nulliparous women with a low dose epidural increases the chance of spontaneous vaginal birth compared with lying down.Design Multicentre pragmatic individually randomised controlled trial.Setting 41 UK hospital labour wards.Participants 3093 nulliparous women aged 16 or older, at term with a singleton cephalic presentation and in the second stage of labour with epidural analgesia.Interventions Women were allocated to an upright or lying down position, using a secure web based randomisation service, stratified by centre, with no masking of participants or clinicians to the trial interventions...
October 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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