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Women psychology

S Hahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh, Saeideh Ziaei, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Eesa Mohamadi
BACHGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the menstrual pattern, sexual function, and anxiety, and depression in women with poststerilization regret, and potential influencing factors for regret following tubal ligation (TL) in Iranian women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 166 women with TL were subdivided into two groups including women with poststerilization regret (n=41) and women without poststerilization regret (n=125). They were selected from a health care center in Guilan province (Iran) during 2015-2016...
June 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Stefanie Franke, Christine Kalweit, Annelene Frey, Hanna Heddergott, Astrid-Christine Mitschke, Matthias Wehrmeyer, Nina Heinrichs, Christoph Kröger
AIM OF THE STUDY: Coping with psychological trauma plays a central role in victims of acts of violence. The Victim Reparation Law (in German: Opferentschädigungsgesetz, OEG) provides services for the reparation of participation. To further improve the care of the affected persons, the characteristics of the victims were determined in relation to the acts and the perpetrators. METHOD: 312 OEG-files of adult victims were sighted. On the basis of a system of categories, demographic data, trauma specific and health-related characteristics of the victims, relevant characteristics of the perpetrators and the violence, as well as predictors for the time difference between the violent act and the application were determined...
June 22, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Adrián Alacreu-Crespo, Raquel Costa, Diana Abad-Tortosa, Alicia Salvador, Miguel Ángel Serrano
Competition elicits different psychological and cardiovascular responses depending on a person's skills. Decision-making has been considered a distal factor that influences competition, but there are no studies analyzing this relationship. Our objective was to analyze whether decision-making affects the response to competition. Specifically, we aimed to test whether good performers on a decision-making test, the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), showed an adaptive cardiovascular response to competition. In all, 116 participants (44 women) performed the IGT and were classified into Good or Poor decision-makers...
June 22, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
Marwa Mohamed Zalat, Eman Mohamed Mortada, Omnia Samir El Seifi
This study was conducted to assess the level of mental health difference between working and non-working women, to explore their stigma and attitude toward seeking psychological help for mental-health problems. World Health Organization's Self-reporting questionnaire (SRQ-20), adoption of Discrimination-Devaluation scale (D-D) scale for measuring self-stigma and attitude toward Seeking Mental Health Services (IASMHS) Inventory were used. The sampled teachers reported a higher attitude towards seeking mental health services when compared to housewives...
June 21, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Gholamreza Ghassemi Todeshkchuei, Mitra Molaeinezhad, Sare Ghasemi Todeshkchuei
Suicide is one of the public health problems worldwide, but it lacks regular relevant reporting system. This issue is more important among women who play an influential role in the family and society. Therefore, the assessment of recent relevant studies is important to detect suicide-related factors and to help make the decisions about public health. The aim of the current study was to determine socioeconomic and psychological factors of suicide attempts in Iranian women using a descriptive meta-analysis method...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
J M Oliver-Baxter, H S Whitford, D A Turnbull, M J Bond
BACKGROUND: Multivitamins are a popular supplement taken to promote physical and mental health. During periods of stress, they may have a protective role for health and wellbeing, although the current evidence of their efficacy is mixed. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether multivitamin supplementation impacts psychological and inflammatory markers of women who are experiencing psychological distress. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: An 8-week randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess changes in both psychological state and pro-inflammatory markers of patients receiving multivitamins or placebo...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Megan McCool-Myers, Melissa Theurich, Andrea Zuelke, Helge Knuettel, Christian Apfelbacher
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction affects 41% of reproductive-age women worldwide, making it a highly prevalent medical issue. Predictors of female sexual dysfunction are multifaceted and vary from country to country. A synthesis of potential risk factors and protective factors may aid healthcare practitioners in identifying populations at risk, in addition to revealing modifiable factors to prevent sexual dysfunction among reproductive-age women. METHODS: Observational studies which assessed the prevalence and predictors of female sexual dysfunction in reproductive-age women were systematically sought in relevant databases (2000-2014)...
June 22, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Getachew Mullu Kassa, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir
Violence against women (VAW) is a major public health problem globally, particularly in developing countries including Ethiopia. Accordingly, sustainable development goal (SDG) 5 (by United Nation) prioritizes VAW and calls for the design and implementation of programs relevant to its elimination by 2030. However, little is known about the epidemiology of VAW as all estimates from few, cross-sectional studies so far are inconsistent and inconclusive. This study, therefore, was conducted to determine the pooled national prevalence of VAW in Ethiopia...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Iyad Khourdaji, Jacqueline Zillioux, Kevin Eisenfrats, Daniel Foley, Ryan Smith
The continued and rapid expansion of the Earth's population mandates the need for safe and effective measures of contraception. While a plethora of options exist for women, methods of contraception for the male partner are limited to condoms and vasectomy. The sequela of this discrepancy has led to the family planning burden falling disproportionately on the female partner. For the past several decades, extensive research has been undertaken exploring the feasibility of hormonal male contraception. This proposed method of contraception has focused on suppressing spermatogenesis by exploiting the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis...
May 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
Christopher J Boos, Malcolm Bass, John P O'Hara, Emma Vincent, Adrian Mellor, Luke Sevier, Humayra Abdul-Razakq, Mark Cooke, Matt Barlow, David R Woods
INTRODUCTION: Whilst the link between physical factors and risk of high altitude (HA)-related illness and acute mountain sickness (AMS) have been extensively explored, the influence of psychological factors has been less well examined. In this study we aimed to investigate the relationship between 'anxiety and AMS risk during a progressive ascent to very HA. METHODS: Eighty health adults were assessed at baseline (848m) and over 9 consecutive altitudes during a progressive trek to 5140m...
2018: PloS One
Angela M Dionisi, Julian Barling
The goal of this study was to examine the costs associated with witnessing the sexual harassment of a male colleague. More specifically, we investigate (a) whether observed male gender harassment is related to psychological and physical health, and negative and positive job-related behaviors and attitudes, and (b) the mediating roles of discrete negative emotions (anger, fear) and identity-based evaluations (collective self-esteem). We explore these questions in a sample of men and women employed in "blue collar" professions...
July 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Holly P Kennedy, Melissa Cheyney, Hannah G Dahlen, Soo Downe, Maralyn J Foureur, Caroline S E Homer, Elaine Jefford, Alison McFadden, Michaela Michel-Schuldt, Jane Sandall, Hora Soltani, Anna M Speciale, Jennifer Stevens, Saraswathi Vedam, Mary J Renfrew
Despite decades of considerable economic investment in improving the health of families and newborns world-wide, aspirations for maternal and newborn health have yet to be attained in many regions. The global turn toward recognizing the importance of positive experiences of pregnancy, intrapartum and postnatal care, and care in the first weeks of life, while continuing to work to minimize adverse outcomes, signals a critical change in the maternal and newborn health care conversation and research prioritization...
June 21, 2018: Birth
Victoria Telle Hjellset, Camilla Ihlebæk
Immigrants from South Asia have higher risks of mental health problems . Low levels of acculturation and self-efficacy may be risk factors for depression and psychological distress in immigrants. 355 Pakistani immigrant women in Oslo, filled out a questionnaire concerning demographic variables, self-efficacy, and psychological distress. A bidimensional acculturation variable was constructed. A stepwise logistic regression model was used to investigate the importance of the level of acculturation and self-efficacy on psychological distress...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Chiara Cosentino, Domenico Sgromo, Carla Merisio, Roberto Berretta, Carlo Pruneti
This study aimed to evaluate the psychological and physiological adjustment in a sample of Ovarian Cancer survivors. For all we know, this is the first time that such analysis has been performed in Italy. We assessed psychological adjustment along with physiological adjustment, measured through the basal Heart Rate Variability at rest. We assessed 38 women overall, aged 29-80 years, in follow up for ovarian cancer. Each participant filled a psycho-oncological record, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Derridford Appearance Scale-59, Mental Adjustment to Cancer and EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire LQ-30 Version 3...
June 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Eugenia Cherkasskaya, Margaret Rosario
We review the theory and research on women's sexual desire and present a theory that incorporates internalized representations of relational and bodily experiences into our understanding of the full range of desire in women. To this end, we move away from the current tendency to focus on low sexual desire in women and instead consider desire on a spectrum or continuum from absent or diminished to high desire across multiple sexual orientations, including heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian. We review definitions of sexual desire, as well as the epidemiology and etiology of hypoactive sexual desire, the most prevalent sexual complaint in women, including the biological, psychological, and relationship correlates of inhibited sexual desire...
June 20, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Lihsieh Marrero, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann
OBJECTIVE: To identify the types of institutional violence of childbirth reported by the woman, the birth companion and health professionals. METHOD: Integrative review that analyzed 33 articles in the LILACS, BDENF, INDEXPSI, regional SciELO, Scopus, Web Of Science and PubMed databases. RESULTS: Women were the main violence rapporteur, with predominance of the psychological type. Precarious infrastructure and the imposition of professional decisions were identified by the companion as violence...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Leah B Helou, Clark A Rosen, Wei Wang, Katherine Verdolini Abbott
Purpose: Research suggests that abnormal levels of intrinsic laryngeal muscle (ILM) contraction is a potential causal factor in stress-induced voice disorders. This study seeks to characterize the ILM stress response in a cohort of vocally healthy women. Method: The authors used an unblinded, nonrandomized, repeated-measures design. Forty vocally healthy female adults were subjected to a stressful speech preparation task. Measurements of heart rate, blood pressure, trapezius muscle (positive control) activation, and tibialis muscle (negative control) activation were obtained from 37 participants before and during stressor exposure, in a nonvoice and nonspeaking task paradigm, to confirm physiological stress response compared to baseline...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Mahboubeh Taebi, Masoumeh Simbar, Somayeh Abdolahian
Infertility requires long-term care and treatments which would influence different aspects of health including the mental health of infertile women. The present study was conducted to determine strategies for psychological empowerment of infertile women. This systematic review was performed on previously conducted clinical trials. To achieve the intended studies, databases of Magiran, Scientific Information Database, Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, and Web of Science and also Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials website were searched using "infertility and infertile women" as the keywords...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Jana K Denkinger, Petra Windthorst, Caroline Rometsch-Ogioun El Sount, Michael Blume, Hes Sedik, Jan I Kizilhan, Niamh Gibbons, Phuong Pham, Jennifer Hillebrecht, Nora Ateia, Christoph Nikendei, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
Introduction: Refugees fleeing persecution, torture, or sexual violence are at high risk of developing both acute and chronic psychological disorders. Systematic violence, as committed against the Yazidi minority in Northern Iraq by the terror organization known as the Islamic State (IS), can be seen as a particularly traumatic burden to the victims, but also to caregivers providing treatments and assistance to them. The intense exposure to traumatic content may cause secondary traumatization in respective caregivers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Reem Jawad Al-Sulaiman, Abdulbari Bener, Lisa Doodson, Salha Bujassoum Al Bader, Suhaila Ghuloum, Alain Lemaux, Hekmat Bugrein, Reena Alassam, Aisha Karim
Background: An insufficient number of studies have been carried out in the Middle East to evaluate the role of structured psychotherapeutic interventions in enhancing breast cancer patients' psychological well-being, quality of life and treatment compliance. This study has been designed to address this limitation by exploring the benefit of two structured psychotherapeutic interventions, crisis counseling and psychoeducation, in enhancing breast cancer patients' psychological well-being, quality of life and treatment compliance in Qatar...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
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