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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911944/specific-stimuli-induce-specific-adaptations-sensorimotor-training-vs-reactive-balance-training
#1
Kathrin Freyler, Anne Krause, Albert Gollhofer, Ramona Ritzmann
Typically, balance training has been used as an intervention paradigm either as static or as reactive balance training. Possible differences in functional outcomes between the two modalities have not been profoundly studied. The objective of the study was to investigate the specificity of neuromuscular adaptations in response to two balance intervention modalities within test and intervention paradigms containing characteristics of both profiles: classical sensorimotor training (SMT) referring to a static ledger pivoting around the ankle joint vs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905508/tissue-loading-created-during-spinal-manipulation-in-comparison-to-loading-created-by-passive-spinal-movements
#2
Martha Funabashi, Gregory N Kawchuk, Albert H Vette, Peter Goldsmith, Narasimha Prasad
Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) creates health benefits for some while for others, no benefit or even adverse events. Understanding these differential responses is important to optimize patient care and safety. Toward this, characterizing how loads created by SMT relate to those created by typical motions is fundamental. Using robotic testing, it is now possible to make these comparisons to determine if SMT generates unique loading scenarios. In 12 porcine cadavers, SMT and passive motions were applied to the L3/L4 segment and the resulting kinematics tracked...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891061/noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-chronic-heart-failure
#3
REVIEW
Hao Jiang, Yi Han, Chenqi Xu, Jun Pu, Ben He
Instruction and Objectives. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) alleviates sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and it may improve cardiac function in SDB patients. Because large randomized controlled trials directly evaluating the impact of NPPV on cardiac function are lacking, we conducted a meta-analysis of published data on effectiveness of NPPV in improving cardiac function in patients with chronic heart failure regardless of SDB presence. Methods. Controlled trials were identified in PubMed, OVID, and EMBASE databases...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888138/the-quality-of-placebos-used-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-lumbar-and-pelvic-joint-thrust-manipulation-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Aaron A Puhl, Christine J Reinhart, Jon B Doan, Howard Vernon
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) has been attributed with substantial non-specific effects. Accurate assessment of the non-specific effects of SMT relies on high-quality studies with low risk of bias that compare to appropriate placebos. PURPOSE: This review aims to characterize the types and qualities of placebo control procedures used in controlled trials of manually-applied, lumbar and pelvic (LP) SMT, and to evaluate the assessment of subject blinding and expectations...
November 22, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883052/electrical-switching-in-semiconductor-metal-self-assembled-vo2-disordered-metamaterial-coatings
#5
Sunil Kumar, Francis Maury, Naoufal Bahlawane
As a strongly correlated metal oxide, VO2 inspires several highly technological applications. The challenging reliable wafer-scale synthesis of high quality polycrystalline VO2 coatings is demonstrated on 4" Si taking advantage of the oxidative sintering of chemically vapor deposited VO2 films. This approach results in films with a semiconductor-metal transition (SMT) quality approaching that of the epitaxial counterpart. SMT occurs with an abrupt electrical resistivity change exceeding three orders of magnitude with a narrow hysteresis width...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866761/degradation-of-sulfamethazine-using-fe3o4-mn3o4-reduced-graphene-oxide-hybrid-as-fenton-like-catalyst
#6
Zhong Wan, Jianlong Wang
In this paper, Fe3O4-Mn3O4/reduced graphene oxide (RGO) hybrid was synthesized through polyol process and impregnation method and used as heterogeneous Fenton-like catalyst for degradation of sulfamethazine (SMT) in aqueous solution. The hybrid catalyst had higher catalytic efficiency compared with Fe3O4-Mn3O4 and Mn3O4 as catalyst for degradation of SMT. The effects of pH value, H2O2 concentration, catalyst dosage, initial SMT concentration and temperature on SMT degradation were investigated. The removal efficiency of SMT was about 98% at following optimal conditions: pH=3, T=35°C, Fe3O4/Mn3O4-RGO composites=0...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843426/successful-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-of-a-large-terminal-ileal-lipoma
#7
Hisatsugu Noda, Naotaka Ogasawara, Yasuhiro Tamura, Yoshihiro Kondo, Shinya Izawa, Masahide Ebi, Yasushi Funaki, Makoto Sasaki, Kunio Kasugai
A 78-year-old woman who had recurrent right lower abdominal pain for about 1 year underwent computed tomography (CT) because of a follow-up observation 1 year after right breast cancer surgery. CT revealed a tumor in the colon. The patient was referred to our hospital for detailed examinations. An abdominal CT showed a low-density tumor of approximately 30 mm in the ascending colon, and the CT density inside the tumor was same as that of fatty tissues. A subsequent colonoscopy showed a submucosal tumor (SMT) in the proximal ascending colon developing from the terminal ileum...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815864/laparoscopic-transgastric-resection-of-a-gastric-submucosal-tumor-near-esophagogastric-junction-with-concomitant-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-video-case-report
#8
Saeed Alshlwi, Aly Elbahrawy, Hussam Alamri, Sara Najmeh, Rajesh Aggarwal, Sebastian Demyttenaere, Olivier Court, Amin Andalib
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, there has been a significant rise in bariatric surgery. As a consequence, the prevalence of obese patients with a combined gastric pathology such as a submucosal tumor (SMT) requiring excision at the same time as bariatric surgery is higher but the management remains controversial. We report the safety and effectiveness of a simultaneous laparoscopic transgastric resection of a large gastric SMT near the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) with sleeve gastrectomy (SG)...
November 4, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803709/iodine-and-selenium-biofortification-with-additional-application-of-salicylic-acid-affects-yield-selected-molecular-parameters-and-chemical-composition-of-lettuce-plants-lactuca-sativa-l-var-capitata
#9
Sylwester Smoleń, Iwona Kowalska, Małgorzata Czernicka, Mariya Halka, Kinga Kęska, Włodzimierz Sady
Iodine (I) and selenium (Se) are included in the group of beneficial elements. They both play important roles in humans and other animals, particularly in the regulation of thyroid functioning. A substantial percentage of people around the world suffer from health disorders related to the deficiency of these elements in the diet. Salicylic acid (SA) is a compound similar to phytohormones and is known to improve the efficiency of I biofortification of plants. The influence of SA on Se enrichment of plants has not, however, been recognized together with its effect on simultaneous application of I and Se to plants...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780286/preoperative-ultrasonographic-prediction-of-hamstring-tendon-diameter-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair
#10
Luis Manuel Rodriguez-Mendez, Jose de Jesus Martinez-Ruiz, Ruben Perez-Manzo, Jorge Luis Corona-Hernandez, Juan Luis Alcala-Zermeno, Sergio Sanchez-Enriquez
The incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries is rising every year. The autologous hamstring tendon graft, using semitendinosus tendon (SMT) and gracilis tendon (GR), is a common repair technique in the management of ACL injuries due to its multiple advantages. Using a final graft with a minimum diameter of 8 mm is necessary to avoid graft failure. The aim of this study was to find a correlation between preoperative ultrasound (USG) measurement of the SMT and GR tendon diameters (SMTd and GRd) and their actual diameters measured during the grafting procedure...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749866/visualizing-the-molecular-mode-of-motion-from-a-correlative-analysis-of-localization-microscopy-datasets
#11
Carmine Di Rienzo, Paolo Annibale
The determination of the mode and rapidity of motion of individual molecules within a biological sample is becoming a more and more common analysis in biophysical investigations. Single molecule tracking (SMT) techniques allow reconstructing the trajectories of individual molecules within a movie, provided that the position from one frame to the other can be correctly linked. The outcomes, however, appear to depend on the specific method used, and most techniques display a limitation to capture fast modes of motion in a crowded environment...
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747286/an-innovative-ex-vivo-porcine-upper-gastrointestinal-model-for-submucosal-tunnelling-endoscopic-resection-ster
#12
Baldwin Yeung, Philip Chiu, Anthony Teoh, Linfu Zheng, Shannon Chan, Kelvin Lam, Raymond Tang, Enders K W Ng
Background and study aims: Submucosal tunnelling endoscopic resection (STER) is a novel endoscopic technique to remove submucosal tumour (SMT). We propose a novel, low cost simulator for training of techniques for STER. Patients and methods: The model consisted of an ex-planted porcine oesophagus, stomach and duodenum with marbles embedded surgically in the submucosal plane. Two expert endoscopists with experience in submucosal tunnelling and 5 board-certified endoscopists with no experience in submucosal tunnelling were recruited...
October 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747117/smooth-muscle-tumor-originating-in-the-pleura-a-case-report-and-updated-literature-review
#13
Santiago Fabián Moscoso Martínez, Vadim Zarubin, Geethapriya Rajasekaran Rathnakumar, Alireza Zarineh
Smooth muscle tumors (SMTs) of the pleura are exceptionally rare. At present and to the best of these authors' knowledge, there are only 17 cases reported in the literature. We describe a case of a 51-year-old woman who complained of left sided pleuritic chest pain. Further, computed tomography (CT) revealed a left sided localized pleural-based mass involving the 9th rib. She underwent an interventional radiology guided percutaneous core biopsy of the lesion, which disclosed a "Smooth Muscle Tumor of Undetermined Malignant Potential (SMT-UMP)...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742302/kidney-graft-leiomyosarcoma-a-case-report
#14
I Laranjinha, P Matias, C Jorge, R Birne, A Weigert, T Adragão, M Bruges, R A Cabrera, J Cassis, S Ramos, A Nogueira, J Godinho, H Messias, D Machado
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplant (KT) recipients have a higher incidence of malignancy than the general population. Smooth muscle tumors (SMT), including leiomyosarcoma, are rare in kidney transplant recipients, and most cases are associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old man received a deceased donor kidney transplant at the age of 53 years, with 5 human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatches. Before the transplantation, the patient was IgG positive for EBV viral capsid antigen (VCA), negative for IgM EBV VCA, and also negative for IgG EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA), suggesting a prior EBV infection...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740530/%C3%A2-albumin-dialysis-with-mars-for-the-treatment-of-anabolic-steroid-induced-cholestasis
#15
Francia C Díaz, Esteban Sáez-González, Salvador Benlloch, Diego Álvarez-Sotomayor, Isabel Conde, Begoña Polo, María García, María Rodríguez, Martín Prieto
:  Background and aims. Steroid-related hepatotoxicity has become one of the most relevant causes of drug induced liver cholestasis. Some patients do not improve after standard medical treatment (SMT) and may therefore require other approaches, like extracorporeal liver support. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report four cases of patients with pruritus, abnormal liver function tests and biopsy-proven anabolic steroid-induced cholestasis who were unresponsive to SMT. They underwent treatment with albumin dialysis (Molecular Adsorbent Recirculating System -MARS®-)...
November 2016: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738863/fenton-like-degradation-of-sulfamethazine-using-fe3o4-mn3o4-nanocomposite-catalyst-kinetics-and-catalytic-mechanism
#16
Zhong Wan, Jianlong Wang
The kinetics and catalytic mechanism of sulfamethazine (SMT) degradation using Fe3O4/Mn3O4 nanocomposite as catalysts in heterogeneous Fenton-like process were investigated. The degradation process of SMT conformed to first-order kinetic model. The apparent activation energy (E a ) of the process was calculated to be 40.5 kJ/mol. The reusability and stability of the catalysts were evaluated based on the results of the successive batch experiments. The intermediates were identified and quantified by ion chromatography (IC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723458/live-cell-single-molecule-tracking-reveals-co-recognition-of-h3k27me3-and-dna-targets-polycomb-cbx7-prc1-to-chromatin
#17
Chao Yu Zhen, Roubina Tatavosian, Thao Ngoc Huynh, Huy Nguyen Duc, Raibatak Das, Marko Kokotovic, Jonathan B Grimm, Luke D Lavis, Jun Lee, Frances J Mejia, Yang Li, Tingting Yao, Xiaojun Ren
The Polycomb PRC1 plays essential roles in development and disease pathogenesis. Targeting of PRC1 to chromatin is thought to be mediated by the Cbx family proteins (Cbx2/4/6/7/8) binding to histone H3 with a K27me3 modification (H3K27me3). Despite this prevailing view, the molecular mechanisms of targeting remain poorly understood. Here, by combining live-cell single-molecule tracking (SMT) and genetic engineering, we reveal that H3K27me3 contributes significantly to the targeting of Cbx7 and Cbx8 to chromatin, but less to Cbx2, Cbx4, and Cbx6...
October 10, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705840/what-do-patients-value-about-spinal-manipulation-and-home-exercise-for-back-related-leg-pain-a-qualitative-study-within-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Michele Maiers, Maria A Hondras, Stacie A Salsbury, Gert Bronfort, Roni Evans
BACKGROUND: Patient perceptions may influence the effectiveness and utilization of healthcare interventions, particularly for complex health conditions such as sciatica or back-related leg pain (BRLP). OBJECTIVES: To explore BRLP patients' perceptions of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and home exercise with advice (HEA). DESIGN: Qualitative study in a controlled clinical trial. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews conducted after 12 weeks of treatment asked participants about satisfaction with care and whether treatment was worthwhile...
September 23, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676160/incidence-of-ineffective-safety-margin-testing-10%C3%A2-j-and-efficacy-of-routine-subcutaneous-array-insertion-during-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-implantation
#19
Marc-Alexander Ohlow, Marcus Roos, Bernward Lauer, J Christoph Geller
The purpose of this study was to assess (1) the incidence of safety margin testing <10 J (SMT) and (2) the efficacy/safety of routinely adding a subcutaneous array (SQA) (Medtronic 6996SQ) for these patients. Patients with SMT smaller than a 10-J safety margin from maximum output were considered to have very high readings and underwent SQA insertion. These patients were compared with the rest of the patients who had acceptable SMT (≥10 J). A total of 616 patients underwent ICD implantation during the analysis period...
March 2016: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672406/turbo-smt-parallel-coupled-sparse-matrix-tensor-factorizations-and-applications
#20
Evangelos E Papalexakis, Christos Faloutsos, Tom M Mitchell, Partha Pratim Talukdar, Nicholas D Sidiropoulos, Brian Murphy
How can we correlate the neural activity in the human brain as it responds to typed words, with properties of these terms (like 'edible', 'fits in hand')? In short, we want to find latent variables, that jointly explain both the brain activity, as well as the behavioral responses. This is one of many settings of the Coupled Matrix-Tensor Factorization (CMTF) problem. Can we enhance any CMTF solver, so that it can operate on potentially very large datasets that may not fit in main memory? We introduce Turbo-SMT, a meta-method capable of doing exactly that: it boosts the performance of any CMTF algorithm, produces sparse and interpretable solutions, and parallelizes any CMTF algorithm, producing sparse and interpretable solutions (up to 65 fold)...
August 2016: Statistical Analysis and Data Mining
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