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pediatric focused ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887999/rates-and-technique-for-oophoropexy-in-pediatric-ovarian-torsion-a-single-institution-case-series
#1
I M Comeau, N Hubner, S L Kives, L M Allen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Ovarian torsion (OT) is uncommon, but can result in loss of reproductive function. Traditionally managed by adnexectomy, torsed adnexae are now being conserved, increasing the potential for recurrent OT. As a result, some experts suggest oophoropexy (OP) to prevent recurrence. We present here a series of 11 patients who underwent OP. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective case series was conducted from 2004 to 2013 identifying patients under age 18 with OT...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832304/the-challenging-sonographic-inguinal-canal-evaluation-in-neonates-and-children-an-update-of-differential-diagnoses
#2
Yoshino T Sameshima, Maurício G I Yamanari, Mariana A Silva, Miguel J Francisco Neto, Marcelo B G Funari
Bulging of the inguinal region is a frequent complaint in the pediatric population and sonographic findings can be challenging for radiologists. In this review we update the sonographic findings of the most common disorders that affect the inguinal canal in neonates and children, with a focus on the processus vaginalis abnormalities such as congenital hydroceles, indirect inguinal hernias and cryptorchidism, illustrated with cases collected at a quaternary hospital during a 7-year period. We emphasize the importance of correctly classifying different types of congenital hydrocele and inguinal hernia to allow for early surgical intervention when necessary...
November 10, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745829/-treatment-and-progression-of-acute-communautary-osteoarticular-infections-in-healthy-children-a-retrospective-monocentric-study-of-64%C3%A2-patients
#3
A Lemoine, F Baudin, R Vialle, E Grimprel
INTRODUCTION: The prognosis of osteoarticular infections has improved over the past 20 years but it still remains potentially severe. The treatment of these infections has been simplified and shortened. In 2008, the Pediatric Infectious Disease Group (GPIP) established new therapeutic guidelines in order to standardize treatment in France. The aim of this study is to analyze practices in a Parisian hospital and assess the efficacy of this treatment in short and medium terms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study focused on patients older than 3 months, without comorbidities, who were hospitalized for an acute osteoarticular infection in 2012 at Trousseau Hospital (Paris), with a follow-up of at least 4 weeks...
November 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742550/transient-elastography-as-a-noninvasive-assessment-tool-for-hepatopathies-of-different-etiology-in-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Zeinab A Elkabbany, Nancy S Elbarbary, Eman A Ismail, Nesrine A Mohamed, Dina Ragab, Shereen Abdel Alem, Yasmine M Ezzat, Sarah S Maurice, Noha U Hashem
AIM: To identify the prevalence and effect of hepatopathies of different etiologies among pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) using transient elastography (TE) and its relation to glycemic control. METHODS: One hundred T1DM patients were studied focusing on liver functions, fasting lipid profile, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), hepatitis C virus (HCV), serum immunoglobulins, autoimmune antibodies; anti-nuclear antibody (ANA), anti-smooth muscle antibody (ASMA), and anti-liver kidney microsomal antibody (anti-LKM)...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705994/how-to-train-and-maintain-pediatric-intensivists-updated-in-focused-cardiac-ultrasound
#5
Heloisa Amaral Gaspar, Werther Brunow de Carvalho, Artur Figueiredo Delgado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604617/12th-winfocus-world-congress-on-ultrasound-in-emergency-and-critical-care
#6
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587029/design-and-validation-of-an-mr-conditional-robot-for-transcranial-focused-ultrasound-surgery-in-infants
#7
Karl D Price, Vivian W Sin, Charles Mougenot, Samuel Pichardo, Thomas Looi, Adam C Waspe, James M Drake
PURPOSE: Current treatment of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) involves cerebral shunt placement or an invasive brain surgery. Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) applied to the brains of pediatric patients presents an opportunity to treat IVH in a noninvasive manner, termed "incision-less surgery." Current clinical and research focused ultrasound systems lack the capability to perform neonatal transcranial surgeries due to either range of motion or dexterity requirements...
September 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582023/clinical-predictive-value-of-cystatin-c-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease-a-marker-of-disease-severity-and-subclinical-cardiovascular-dysfunction
#8
Azza Abdel Gawad Tantawy, Amira Abdel Moneam Adly, Eman Abdel Rahman Ismail, Mai Abdelazeem
BACKGROUND: Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) are at high risk of renal dysfunction and cardiovascular morbidity. The association between cystatin C and renal function is well known, however, cystatin C has recently emerged as a strong predictor of cardiovascular events and adverse outcomes in patients with and without kidney disease, mostly related to both inflammation and atherosclerosis. AIM: To determine cystatin C levels in 53 children and adolescents with SCD compared to 40 age- and sex-matched healthy controls and assess its relation to markers of hemolysis, iron overload, sickle vasculopathy, and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT)...
August 31, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575492/undescended-testis-how-best-to-teach-the-physical-examination
#9
S Zundel, G Blumenstock, A Herrmann-Werner, M Trueck, A Schmidt, S Wiechers
BACKGROUND: Undescended testis in boys is common. Guidelines recommend surgical treatment between the ages of 6 months and 2 years; nevertheless, orchidopexy is frequently performed at later ages. One reason is the belated diagnosis due to a perceived difficulty in the physical examination (PE) and correct localization of the testis. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to find an effective method for teaching the physical examination of the testis in a child. STUDY DESIGN: An interdisciplinary team developed teaching sessions, including an educational video and a simulator...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558946/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-superficial-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-associated-with-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-children
#10
J J Menéndez, C Verdú, B Calderón, A Gómez-Zamora, C Schüffelmann, J J de la Cruz, P de la Oliva
: Essentials Pediatric studies on peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)-related thrombosis are scarce. This study analyzes incidence and risk factors for PICC-related venous thrombosis in children. PICC-related thrombosis is a common, and nearly always, asymptomatic complication. Echo-guided insertion and a catheter to vein ratio < 0.33 may notably decrease this complication. SUMMARY: Background Upper-extremity venous thrombosis is associated with the use of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs)...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518785/pediatric-cholangiopathies-diseases-of-the-gallbladder-and-biliary-tract
#11
Mark E Sharafinski, Arthur B Meyers, Gregory Vorona
Pediatric gallbladder and bile duct disease encompasses a broad spectrum of processes, from congenital to developmental to neoplastic. We describe normal pediatric biliary anatomy and summarize the most common pathologic entities, with a focus on non-invasive imaging techniques and findings. Ultrasound is the first-line imaging modality in children with suspected biliary pathology based on its widespread availability, cost effectiveness, and lack of ionizing radiation. MRI and MRCP are often used for further evaluation in cases of diagnostic uncertainty and for surgical planning...
August 12, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490603/echocardiography-and-focused-cardiac-ultrasound
#12
Darren Klugman, John T Berger
OBJECTIVES: The following review will describe the use of focused cardiac ultrasound performed by noncardiologists and its role as an acute hemodynamic monitoring tool in pediatric cardiac critical care. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed. CONCLUSION: The use of focused cardiac ultrasound has grown tremendously over recent years, and is increasingly being performed and interpreted by intensivists, anesthesiologists, and emergency medicine physicians...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380608/point-of-care-ultrasound-findings-associated-with-foreign-body-aspiration-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#13
Kirstin D Weerdenburg, Charisse W Kwan, Jason W Fischer
Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) continues to generate new and interesting clinical findings as its use expands in the pediatric emergency department. This case report describes the novel findings identified during a POCUS focused lung examination of a pediatric patient with suspected foreign body aspiration.
July 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276225/ultrasound-tutorials-in-under-10-minutes-experience-and-results
#14
Susan J Back, Kassa Darge, Maria A Bedoya, Jorge Delgado, Yocabel Gorfu, Daniel Zewdneh, Janet R Reid
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to validate the use of web-based tutorials to teach technical skills in pediatric ultrasound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of 10 video tutorials, each of which was less than 10 minutes long, was created to improve the education of radiology trainees in terms of their ultrasound technique. Pediatric radiology fellow trainees from our institution in the United States and radiology resident trainees from our partner institution in Ethiopia were invited to participate in the study...
September 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270069/standardized-process-to-improve-patient-flow-from-the-emergency-room-to-the-operating-room-for-pediatric-patients-with-testicular-torsion
#15
Cagatay E Afsarlar, Sheila L Ryan, Edward Donel, Truc H Baccam, Beth Jones, Barkha Chandwani, Jason Au, Gene O Huang, Edmond T Gonzales, Nicolette Janzen, Duong Tu, Abhishek Seth, David R Roth, Chester J Koh
BACKGROUND: Testicular torsion (TT) remains one of the most common urological emergencies. The length of time from onset of symptoms to detorsion and degree of spermatic cord twisting are usually the most important factors for testicular damage. Therefore early presentation, accurate diagnosis, and prompt treatment are important factors for optimizing the testicular salvage rate. While delay in seeking medical attention is a common cause of testicular loss in pediatric patients with testicular torsion, delays in diagnosis and treatment can be preventable causes of testicular loss...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199087/pediatric-sarcomas-are-targetable-by-mr-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-mr-hifu-anatomical-distribution-and-radiological-characteristics
#16
Jenny Shim, Robert M Staruch, Korgun Koral, Xian-Jin Xie, Rajiv Chopra, Theodore W Laetsch
BACKGROUND: Despite intensive therapy, children with metastatic and recurrent sarcoma or neuroblastoma have a poor prognosis. Magnetic resonance guided high intensity focused ultrasound (MR-HIFU) is a noninvasive technique allowing the delivery of targeted ultrasound energy under MR imaging guidance. MR-HIFU may be used to ablate tumors without ionizing radiation or target chemotherapy using hyperthermia. Here, we evaluated the anatomic locations of tumors to assess the technical feasibility of MR-HIFU therapy for children with solid tumors...
October 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170933/adenomyomatosis-of-the-gallbladder-in-childhood-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-an-additional-case-report
#17
Filippo Parolini, Giuseppe Indolfi, Miguel Garcia Magne, Marianna Salemme, Maurizio Cheli, Giovanni Boroni, Daniele Alberti
AIM: To investigate the diagnostic and therapeutic assessment in children with adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder (AMG). METHODS: AMG is a degenerative disease characterized by a proliferation of the mucosal epithelium which deeply invaginates and extends into the thickened muscular layer of the gallbladder, causing intramural diverticula. Although AMG is found in up to 5% of cholecystectomy specimens in adult populations, this condition in childhood is extremely uncommon...
May 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125015/diagnostic-emergency-ultrasound-assessment-techniques-in-the-pediatric-patient
#18
REVIEW
Joshua Guttman, Bret P Nelson
Emergency ultrasound is performed at the point of care to answer focused clinical questions in a rapid manner. Over the last 20 years, the use of this technique has grown rapidly, and it has become a core requirement in many emergency medicine residencies and in some pediatric emergency medicine fellowships. The use of emergency ultrasound in the pediatric setting is increasing due to the lack of ionizing radiation with these studies, as compared to computed tomography. Utilizing diagnostic ultrasound in the emergency department can allow clinicians to arrive at a diagnosis at the bedside rather than sending the patient out of the department for another study...
January 2016: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110342/a-long-segmental-vascular-malformation-in-the-small-bowel-presenting-with-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-a-preschool-aged-child
#19
Yeoun Joo Lee, Jae-Yeon Hwang, Yong Hoon Cho, Yong-Woo Kim, Tae Un Kim, Dong Hoon Shin
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in pediatric patients has several causes. Vascular malformation of the small bowel is a rare disease leading to pediatric GI bleeding. To our knowledge, few reports describe ultrasound and computed tomography findings of venous malformations involving the small bowel. We present a case of long-segmental and circumferential vascular malformation that led to GI bleeding in a pre-school aged child, focusing on the radiologic findings. Although vascular malformation including of the GI tract is rare in children, it should be considered when GI bleeding occurs in pediatric patients...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021289/emergency-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-canadian-pediatric-emergency-fellowship-programs-current-integration-and-future-directions
#20
Julia Hoeffe, Marie Pier Desjardins, Jason Fischer, Benoit Carriere, Jocelyn Gravel
BACKGROUND: Adult and pediatric emergency physicians have been using point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) for many years. It is a fast, usually painless, noninvasive diagnostic tool that does not expose the patient to radiation. Information about its current implementation in pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellowship programs in Canada is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The main goal of our study was to investigate current integration and future direction of POCUS training in Canadian PEM programs...
March 29, 2016: CJEM
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