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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783179/staged-crime-scene-determination-by-handling-physical-and-digital-evidence-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Francesco Lupariello, Serena Curti, Janet Barber Duval, Giovanni Abbattista, Giancarlo Di Vella
Geberth in 2006 stated that "staging is a conscious criminal action on the part of an offender to thwart an investigation." In the present paper two crime scenes staged by handling digital evidence are reported. The first case involves a 50-year-old woman who had been living with the offender for three years before he murdered her at the end of their relationship. He staged the scene as a sex-related crime committed by an unknown perpetrator. The second case concerns a young woman who was found dead in Southern Italy in January 2004 with a gunshot on the forehead...
May 16, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781341/bullying-and-attitudes-toward-masculinity-in-croatian-schools-behavioral-and-emotional-characteristics-of-students-who-bully-others
#2
Natko Gereš, Pamela Orpinas, Urelija Rodin, Danijela Štimac-Grbić, Aida Mujkić
Prevention of bullying is paramount to creating a positive and welcoming school environment. This study compared the following characteristics reported by students who had perpetrated bullying in Croatian schools and those who did not: gender, type of school, family wealth, negative emotionality, behaviors that may compromise health, and endorsement of traditional masculinity. Within the framework of the "Croatian Adolescent Masculinity Study," second and third grade students of secondary schools (equivalent to tenth and eleventh grade in the United States) in the city of Zagreb ( N = 4,072) completed a cross-sectional, paper-and-pencil survey...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776445/community-based-audits-of-snake-envenomations-in-a-resource-challenged-setting-of-cameroon-case-series
#3
Frank-Leonel Tianyi, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Armand Seraphin Nkwescheu
BACKGROUND: Snakebites are a major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide with the highest mortality burden in poor rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Inadequate surveillance systems result in loss of morbidity and mortality data in these settings. Although rarely reported in these resource-constraint environments, community-based audits are recognised pivotal tools which could help update existing data and indicate key public health interventions to curb snakebite-related mortality...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771705/the-causality-nexus-between-the-tako-tsubo-syndrome-and-an-assault-a-forensic-case-report
#4
Malek Zribi, Syrine Azza Manoubi, Narjes Karray, Salma Charfeddine, Wiem Benamar, Zouhir Hammami, Samir Kammoun, Samir Maatoug
"Tako-tsubo" cardiomyopathy, also known as "broken heart syndrome," is one of the rarest types of stress-induced cardiomyopathy. It frequently mimics acute coronary syndrome, characterized by transient left ventricular dysfunction, electrocardiographic changes, and release of myocardial enzymes. After treatment, the patients are cured in most cases without sequelae. Tako-tsubo syndrome is rarely considered as a reason for consultation in the forensic department.Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old woman who was assaulted by her police officer neighbor...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771207/the-stopit-programme-to-reduce-bullying-and-undermining-behaviour-in-hospitals
#5
Graham Benmore, Steven Henderson, Joanna Mountfield, Brian Wink
Purpose The impact of bullying and undermining behaviours on the National Health Service on costs, patient safety and retention of staff was well understood even before the Illing report, published in 2013, that reviewed the efficacy of training interventions designed to reduce bullying and harassment in the outputs. The purpose of this paper is to provide an example of a good programme well evaluated. Design/methodology/approach The methodology follows a broad realist approach, by specifying the underlying programme assumptions and intention of the designers...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740161/online-videos-indicate-human-and-dog-behaviour-preceding-dog-bites-and-the-context-in-which-bites-occur
#6
Sara C Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived from visual aspects of the bite. Associations between bite severity and victim, dog and context characteristics were analysed using a Bayesian hierarchical regression model. Human and dog behaviour before the bite were summarised with descriptive statistics...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735229/drones-for-provision-of-flotation-support-in-simulated-drowning
#7
Anders Bäckman, Jacob Hollenberg, Leif Svensson, Mattias Ringh, Per Nordberg, Therese Djärv, Sune Forsberg, Olof Hernborg, Andreas Claesson
OBJECTIVE: The feasibility and potential of using drones for providing flotation devices in cases of drowning have not yet been assessed. We hypothesize that a drone carrying an inflatable life buoy is a faster way to provide flotation compared with traditional methods. The purpose of this study is to explore the feasibility and efficiency of using a drone for delivering and providing flotation support to conscious simulated drowning victims. METHODS: A simulation study was performed with a simulated drowning victim 100 m from the shore...
May 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733300/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-second-victim-experience-and-support-tool-svest
#8
Maria Victoria Brunelli, Silvina Estrada, Constanza Celano
INTRODUCTION: The second victim is defined as the health professionals who commit an error and are traumatized by the event manifesting psychological, cognitive, and/or physical reactions that have a personal negative impact.The SVEST (Second Victim Experience and Support Tool) is a survey developed and validated in the United States, which describes the experience of second victims.The objective of this study was to perform the cross-cultural adaptation of the instrument and to assess the psychometric characteristics in the sociocultural and professional context of Argentina...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718516/after-the-medication-error-recent-nursing-graduates-reflections-on-adequacy-of-education
#9
Linda A Treiber, Jackie H Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to better understand individual- and system-level factors surrounding making a medication error from the perspective of recent Bachelor of Science in Nursing graduates. METHOD: Online survey mixed-methods items included perceptions of adequacy of preparatory nursing education, contributory variables, emotional responses, and treatment by employer following the error. RESULTS: Of the 168 respondents, 55% had made a medication error...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716840/terrorist-attack-in-nice-the-experience-of-general-surgeons
#10
D Massalou, C Ichai, D Mariage, P Baqué
INTRODUCTION: After the attacks in Paris, France was again struck by terrorism in the city of Nice during the night of July 14, 2016. At 22:33 in the evening, a 19-ton truck drove into the crowd of holiday celebrators. The attack resulted in 458 wounded and 86 deaths. The purpose of this study was to describe the management of patients with abdominal trauma admitted alive in our institution, in the context of a massive influx of victims. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the management of adults with abdominal trauma arising from the terrorist attack in Nice...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705586/micro-segmental-hair-analysis-for-proving-drug-facilitated-crimes-evidence-that-a-victim-ingested-a-sleeping-aid-diphenhydramine-on-a-specific-day
#11
Kenji Kuwayama, Maika Nariai, Hajime Miyaguchi, Yuko T Iwata, Tatsuyuki Kanamori, Kenji Tsujikawa, Tadashi Yamamuro, Hiroki Segawa, Hiroko Abe, Hirotaro Iwase, Hiroyuki Inoue
Sleeping aids are often abused in the commission of drug-facilitated crimes. Generally, there is little evidence that a victim ingested a spiked drink unknowingly because the unconscious victim cannot report the situation to the police immediately after the crime occurred. Although conventional segmental hair analysis can estimate the number of months since a targeted drug was ingested, this analysis cannot determine the specific day of ingestion. We recently developed a method of micro-segmental hair analysis using internal temporal markers (ITMs) to estimate the day of drug ingestion...
April 22, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698380/fatal-falls-overboard-in-commercial-fishing-united-states-2000-2016
#12
Samantha L Case, Jennifer M Lincoln, Devin L Lucas
Commercial fishing is one of the most dangerous jobs in the United States, with a 2016 work-related fatality rate (86.0 deaths per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers) 23 times higher than that for all U.S. workers (3.6) (1). Sinking vessels cause the most fatalities in the industry; however, falling from a fishing vessel is a serious hazard responsible for the second highest number of commercial fishing-associated fatalities (2,3). CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) analyzed data on unintentional fatal falls overboard in the U...
April 27, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684143/matt-s-story-learning-from-heartbreak
#13
Kristen Miller, Alyssa Dastoli
The victims of medical error reach far beyond the patient. The aftermath forever changes the lives of the patient's family and physician alike. We explore the life and death of nineteen-year-old Matt, a stellar athlete and better son, and the cognitive bias that led to an unfortunate and consequential medical misdiagnosis. This story is one of family heartbreak, the harsh reality of second victim phenomenon, and ultimately lessons learned in compassion, vigilance, and candidness for the health care industry...
April 19, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682683/using-matrix-frame-to-present-road-traffic-injury-pattern
#14
Chien-Hsing Wang, Wan-Hua Hsieh, Fu-Wen Liang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu
BACKGROUND: Although many epidemiological studies have presented road traffic injuries (RTIs) according to the victim's mode of transport, very few have mentioned the mode of transport of the victim's counterparts. We sought to use matrix frame to present the pattern of RTIs based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes. METHODS: Patients admitted to Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Taiwan, for RTIs from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016 were included...
April 23, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679873/disentangling-the-mental-health-impact-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-a-replication-and-extension-study-in-a-brazilian-sample-of-high-risk-youth
#15
Irismar Reis de Oliveira, Ana Cristina Matos-Ragazzo, Yuning Zhang, Nina Maia Vasconcelos, Michella Lopes Velasquez, Daniela Reis, Monica Gonçalves Ribeiro, Marina Monzani da Rocha, Maria Conceição Rosario, Paul Stallard, Charlotte A M Cecil
Childhood maltreatment is a key predictor of mental health problems across the life span. Yet, how maltreatment types independently and jointly influence the risk for psychiatric problems remains unclear. The aim of the study was two-fold: first, to replicate recent findings regarding the impact of maltreatment types on youth psychiatric symptoms, based on a Brazilian sample of high-risk adolescents (n = 347; age range = 11-17 yrs), and second, to extend existing findings by examining whether this relationship is mediated by bullying victimization and/or perpetration...
April 18, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673270/men-s-mental-health-social-determinants-and-implications-for-services
#16
William Affleck, Victoria Carmichael, Rob Whitley
Numerous scholars have stated that there is a silent crisis in men's mental health. In this article, we aim to provide an overview of core issues in the field of men's mental health, including a discussion of key social determinants as well as implications for mental health services. Firstly, we review the basic epidemiology of mental disorders with a high incidence and prevalence in men, including suicide and substance use disorder. Secondly, we examine controversies around the low reported rates of depression in men, discussing possible measurement and reporting biases...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671357/legalised-non-consensual-sterilisation-eugenics-put-into-practice-before-1945-and-the-aftermath-part-2-europe
#17
Jean-Jacques Amy, Sam Rowlands
This article deals with the nine European nations which legalised non-consensual sterilisation during the interwar years, thus completing the review, the first part of which was published in an earlier issue of this Journal. Like we did for North America, Japan and Mexico, countries concerned are addressed in chronological order, as practices in one of these influenced policies in others, involved later. For each, we assess the continuum of events up to the present time. The Swiss canton of Vaud was the first political entity in Europe to introduce a law on compulsory sterilisation of people with intellectual disability, in 1928...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659462/making-an-infusion-error-the-second-victims-of-infusion-therapy-related-medication-errors
#18
Linda A Treiber, Jackie H Jones
Infusion therapy-related adverse events can result in distress and professional suffering for the nurse involved with the event, with long-lasting consequences. This article discusses the second victim syndrome and its impacts on nurses. Original research on 168 recent nursing graduates and their experiences with second victim syndrome after making an infusion-related error is also presented. The article concludes with strategies to help nurses cope with the aftermath of making an infusion therapy-related medication error...
May 2018: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651266/narcissistic-leaders-and-their-victims-followers-low-on-self-esteem-and-low-on-core-self-evaluations-suffer-most
#19
Barbara Nevicka, Annebel H B De Hoogh, Deanne N Den Hartog, Frank D Belschak
Narcissistic leaders are self-absorbed and hold beliefs of entitlement and superiority. Their aggressive tendencies in the face of criticism and inclinations to validate their self-worth by derogating others may lead others to perceive them as being abusive. Here, we test the relationship between leader narcissism and followers' perceptions of abusive supervision. Drawing upon research related to the behavioral plasticity hypothesis, we propose that followers with low self-esteem will perceive narcissistic leaders as more abusive than those with high self-esteem...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642768/experiences-of-gender-based-violence-at-a-south-african-university-prevalence-and-effect-on-rape-myth-acceptance
#20
Gillian Finchilescu, Jackie Dugard
Instances of gender-based violence (GBV) on university campuses are rarely reported to the authorities. This makes it difficult to gauge the prevalence of this problem, which in turn affects efforts for prevention. This article describes a university-wide online survey aimed at assessing, first, the prevalence of GBV experienced by the three sectors in the community-students, academic and research staff, and professional/administrative staff. Many of the findings concurred with research elsewhere-students were the predominant victims of GBV; men were the main perpetrators; and instances of rape occurred mainly when the victim/survivor was under the influence of alcohol or drugs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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