keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Second victim

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351244/school-contextual-features-of-social-disorder-and-mental-health-complaints-a-multilevel-analysis-of-swedish-sixth-grade-students
#1
Bitte Modin, Stephanie Plenty, Sara B Låftman, Malin Bergström, Marie Berlin, Per A Gustafsson, Anders Hjern
This study addressed school-contextual features of social disorder in relation to sixth-grade students' experiences of bullying victimization and mental health complaints. It investigated, firstly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems were associated with individual students' likelihood of being bullied, and secondly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems and bullying victimization predicted students' emotional and psychosomatic health complaints. The data were derived from the Swedish National Survey of Mental Health among Children and Young People, carried out among sixth-grade students (approximately 12-13 years old) in Sweden in 2009...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346375/how-do-we-reach-the-girls-and-women-who-are-the-hardest-to-reach-inequitable-opportunities-in-reproductive-and-maternal-health-care-services-in-armed-conflict-and-forced-displacement-settings-in-colombia
#2
Juan Carlos Rivillas, Raul Devia Rodriguez, Gloria Song, Andréanne Martel
OBJECTIVES: This paper assesses inequalities in access to reproductive and maternal health services among females affected by forced displacement and sexual and gender-based violence in conflict settings in Colombia. This was accomplished through the following approaches: first, we assessed the gaps and gradients in three selected reproductive and maternal health care services. Second, we analyzed the patterns of inequalities in reproductive and maternal health care services and changes over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329535/measurement-of-the-potential-geographic-accessibility-from-call-to-definitive-care-for-patient-with-acute-stroke
#3
J Freyssenge, F Renard, A M Schott, L Derex, N Nighoghossian, K Tazarourte, C El Khoury
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization refers to stroke, the second most frequent cause of death in the world, in terms of pandemic. Present treatments are only effective within precise time windows. Only 10% of thrombolysis patients are eligible. Late assessment of the patient resulting from admission and lack of knowledge of the symptoms is the main explanation of lack of eligibility. METHODS: The aim is the measurement of the time of access to treatment facilities for stroke victims, using ambulances (firemen ambulances or EMS ambulances) and private car...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309179/development-of-homologous-skin-bone-and-other-soft-tissues-transplantation-in-slovenia
#4
REVIEW
Matija Šatej, Zvonka Zupanič Slavec
In Slovenia, transplantation of tissues such as skin and bone was successfully following global trends throughout its history. First documented homologous skin graft was already mentioned back in 1901. Alongside with new discoveries in immunology and advancements in burn surgery, skin transplantation development surged in the second half of 20th century. Slovenia's first and currently the only skin bank was established in 1973, in Ljubljana. Throughout its existence it always managed to supply skin grafts for patients that were in vast majority burn victims...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304045/maternal-suicide-register-based-study-of-all-suicides-occurring-after-delivery-in-sweden-1974-2009
#5
Henrik Lysell, Marie Dahlin, Alexander Viktorin, Elsa Ljungberg, Brian M D'Onofrio, Paul Dickman, Bo Runeson
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that having a newborn child is associated with substantially reduced risk for maternal suicide. We studied postpartum suicides in a national cohort of mothers and the role of mental disorder, self-harm and delivery related factors. METHODS: We used a nested case-control design with data from Swedish registries. The cohort consisted of all women given birth in Sweden 1974-2009. Mothers who died by suicide during follow-up were considered cases (n = 1,786) and risk of suicide was estimated with proximity to delivery as the explanatory variable...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297195/the-impact-of-the-use-of-cprmeter-monitor-on-the-chest-compressions-quality-a-prospective-randomized-trial-cross-simulation
#6
Lukasz Iskrzycki, Jacek Smereka, Antonio Rodriguez-Nunez, Roberto Barcala Furelos, Cristian Abelarias Gomez, Halla Kaminska, Wojciech Wieczorek, Lukasz Szarpak, Klaudiusz Nadolny, Robert Galazkowski, Kurt Ruetzler, Jerzy Robert Ladny
BACKGROUND: Drowning is a common issue at many pools, beaches and seas all over the world. Lifeguards often act as bystanders and therefore, adequate training in high-quality CPR and use of adequate equipment by lifeguards is essential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the recently introduced CPRMeter (Laerdal, Stavanger, Norway) on quality of CPR, if used by moderately experienced CPR providers. In particular, we tested the hypothesis, that using the CPRMeter improves quality of chest compression by lifeguards compared to standard non-feedback CPR...
January 3, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294972/the-relationship-between-maternal-domestic-violence-and-infant-and-toddlers-emotional-regulation-highlighting-the-need-for-preventive-services
#7
Chelsea Geyer, Ijeoma Nwabuzor Ogbonnaya
In an effort to further understand the impact of domestic violence (DV) on infant and toddlers' development, this research utilized data from the second cohort of National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW II) to examine the relationship between maternal DV and infant and toddlers' emotional regulation, and determine whether mothers' receipt of DV services mediated this relationship. The sample was limited to children aged 0 to 3 years and included (a) infants less than 1 year old ( n = 603), (b) infants 1 to less than 2 years old ( n = 310), and (c) toddlers 2 to 3 years old ( n = 268)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294934/examining-the-relationship-between-economic-abuse-and-mental-health-among-latina-intimate-partner-violence-survivors-in-the-united-states
#8
America L Davila, Laura Johnson, Judy L Postmus
Currently, Latinos constitute the second largest and fastest growing minority group in the United States. Among this population, one in every six Latinas experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in her lifetime. Research has documented significant detrimental effects of physical, sexual, emotional, and psychological IPV on the physical, emotional, and cognitive well-being of various cultural/ethnic groups; however, few studies have focused on economic abuse, which may include tactics of economic control, economic exploitation, and employment sabotage...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294898/power-and-inequality-intimate-partner-violence-against-bisexual-and-non-monosexual-women-in-the-united-states
#9
Bethany M Coston
While just over one in three heterosexual women will experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in her lifetime, 61% of bisexual women and 78% of non-monosexual women will. Combining previous research and theories on power, social resources, binegativity, and gender-based violence, this article analyzes the role of power and inequality in non-monosexual women's IPV victimization. Using data from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, this article first examines rates of IPV victimization for statistically significant differences between monosexual (e...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294843/racial-differences-among-juvenile-homicide-offenders-an-empirical-analysis-of-37-years-of-u-s-arrest-data
#10
Kathleen M Heide, Cedric Michel, John Cochran, Norair Khachatryan
Homicides by juvenile offenders have been of great interest to the public and policymakers in the United States for four decades. Despite the concern over young murderers, many analyses have been limited to small clinical samples. Empirical studies using Supplementary Homicide Report (SHR) data, a national database maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, have largely concentrated on analyzing basic victim, offender, and offense data or exploring gender differences. Racial differences, when explored with respect to juvenile homicide offenders (JHOs), largely have concentrated on White and Black offenders, given the low percentage involvement of American Indians and Alaskan Natives, and Asian and Pacific Islanders...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294769/the-rural-urban-divide-examining-different-types-of-assault-through-a-social-disorganization-lens
#11
Amanda Goodson, Leana A Bouffard
Most studies of social disorganization theory focus on urban communities. In addition, these studies largely ignore more intimate crimes, such as intimate partner violence. Yet, results from extant studies are often generalized to explain all types of crime in all types of communities, thus potentially ignoring the dynamics surrounding intimate crimes and rurality. The current study expands on previous research in two ways. First, this study examines whether characteristics of social disorganization can predict assault across various victim-offender relationships...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291497/a-descriptive-study-of-accidental-skeletal-injuries-and-non-accidental-skeletal-injuries-of-child-maltreatment
#12
Maha A H Ghanem, Tarek A Moustafa, Haidy M Megahed, Naglaa Salama, Sara A Ghitani
BACKGROUND: Lack of awareness and recognition of child maltreatment is the major reason behind underreporting. All victims often interact with the health care system for routine or emergency care. In several research works, non-accidental fractures are the second most common injury in maltreated children and it is represented up to one-third of cases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the incidence of different types of accidental and non-accidental skeletal injuries among children, estimate the severity of injuries according to the modified injury severity score and to determine the degree of fractures either closed or opened (Gustiloe-Anderson open fracture classification)...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279379/two-types-of-aggression-in-human-evolution
#13
Richard W Wrangham
Two major types of aggression, proactive and reactive, are associated with contrasting expression, eliciting factors, neural pathways, development, and function. The distinction is useful for understanding the nature and evolution of human aggression. Compared with many primates, humans have a high propensity for proactive aggression, a trait shared with chimpanzees but not bonobos. By contrast, humans have a low propensity for reactive aggression compared with chimpanzees, and in this respect humans are more bonobo-like...
December 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240538/pathways-to-infidelity-the-roles-of-self-serving-bias-and-betrayal-trauma
#14
Benjamin Warach, Lawrence Josephs, Bernard S Gorman
This study employed a structural equation modeling (SEM) approach to examine the interrelationships between the self-serving bias and various known predictors of infidelity. Specifically, we sought to generate a path model depicting how the following variables jointly predict sexual infidelity perpetration: (1) insecure attachment, (2) pathological narcissism, (3) sexual narcissism, (4) primary psychopathy, (5) self-serving attributions for retaliatory infidelity, and (6) sexual betrayal victimization. We developed a structural model describing various pathways to sexual infidelity perpetration based on these six variables...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235228/experiences-of-singapore-nurses-as-second-victims-a-qualitative-study
#15
Shi Teng Chan, Betty Peck Chui Khong, Lynnette Pei Lin Tan, Hong-Gu He, Wenru Wang
Nurses, like other healthcare professionals, such as physicians, pharmacists, and therapists, are susceptible to unanticipated patient harm, in which they suffer as second victims due to the immense personal and professional impact from the adverse event. The aim of the present study was to explore the psychological responses, coping strategies, and support needs of Singapore nurses as second victims of adverse events. A descriptive qualitative study was adopted. Eight participants (6 women and 2 men) who had been involved in an adverse event were interviewed and audio-recorded...
December 12, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233697/retrospective-analysis-of-471-surgically-treated-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures
#16
Michael Blumer, Sabina Kumalic, Thomas Gander, Martin Lanzer, Claudio Rostetter, Martin Rücker, Heinz-Theo Lübbers
PURPOSE: Zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures are frequent in facial trauma; only fractures of the mandible are more common. Although the frequency of these fractures is geographically consistent, the aetiology differs widely among countries and even regions. Differences in socio-economic status and the ageing population seem to be two causes. This retrospective epidemiological study evaluates patients who were surgically treated for ZMC fractures at a Swiss university clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 471 patients who were surgically treated for ZMC fractures in an oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic at a Swiss university hospital between January 2004 and December 2012...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226443/lessons-from-analyzing-the-medical-costs-of-civilian-terror-victims-planning-resources-allocation-for-a-new-era-of-confrontations
#17
Eytan Ellenberg, Mark I Taragin, Jay R Hoffman, Osnat Cohen, Daniella Luft-Afik, Zvia Bar-On, Ishay Ostfeld
Policy Points: Across the globe, the threat from terrorist attacks is rising, which requires a careful assessment of long-term medical support. We found 3 major sources of costs: hospital expenditures, mental health services dedicated to acute stress reactions, and ambulatory follow-up. During the first year, most of the costs were related to hospitalization and support for stress relief. During the second year, ambulatory and rehabilitation costs continued to grow. Public health specialists should consider these major components of costs and their evolution over time to properly advise the medical and social authorities on allocating resources for the medical and nonmedical support of civilian casualties resulting from war or terror...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223515/-patients-assaulted-in-psychiatric-institutions-literature-review-and-clinical-implications
#18
A Ladois-Do Pilar Rei, S Chraïbi
BACKGROUND: The psychiatric ward is a place where all forms of violence are treated. Occasionally, this violence involves acts of aggression between patients in emergency psychiatric units or hospital wards. Such events can lead to the development or worsening of posttraumatic stress disorder. METHODS: To establish the context, we first examined the epidemiology data concerning posttraumatic stress disorder in psychiatric patients who were frequently exposed to assaults...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212644/creating-healthy-work-environments-for-second-victims-of-adverse-events
#19
Linda M Tamburri
Adverse events may cause a patient serious harm or death; the patient becomes the first victim of these events. The health care providers who become traumatized by the events are the second victims. These second victims experience feelings such as guilt, shame, sadness, and grief, which can lead to profound personal and professional consequences. An organizational culture of blame and a lack of support can intensify the provider's suffering. Second victims, as they move through predictable stages of recovery, can be positively influenced by a supportive organizational culture and the compassionate actions of peers, managers, advanced practice nurses, educators, and senior leaders...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204687/a-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-pbpk-parent-metabolite-model-of-the-chemotherapeutic-zoptarelin-doxorubicin-integration-of-in-vitro-results-phase-i-and-phase-ii-data-and-model-application-for-drug-drug-interaction-potential-analysis
#20
Nina Hanke, Michael Teifel, Daniel Moj, Jan-Georg Wojtyniak, Hannah Britz, Babette Aicher, Herbert Sindermann, Nicola Ammer, Thorsten Lehr
PURPOSE: Zoptarelin doxorubicin is a fusion molecule of the chemotherapeutic doxorubicin and a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone receptor (LHRHR) agonist, designed for drug targeting to LHRHR positive tumors. The aim of this study was to establish a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) parent-metabolite model of zoptarelin doxorubicin and to apply it for drug-drug interaction (DDI) potential analysis. METHODS: The PBPK model was built in a two-step procedure...
December 4, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
24167
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"