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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149858/famine-food-of-vegetal-origin-consumed-in-the-netherlands-during-world-war-ii
#1
Tom Vorstenbosch, Ingrid de Zwarte, Leni Duistermaat, Tinde van Andel
BACKGROUND: Periods of extreme food shortages during war force people to eat food that they normally do not consider edible. The last time that countries in Western Europe experienced severe scarcities was during World War II. The so-called Dutch famine or Hunger Winter (1944-1945) made at least 25,000 victims. The Dutch government took action by opening soup kitchens and providing information on wild plants and other famine food sources in "wartime cookbooks." The Dutch wartime diet has never been examined from an ethnobotanical perspective...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136270/60-seconds-to-survival-a-pilot-study-of-a-disaster-triage-video-game-for-prehospital-providers
#2
Mark X Cicero, Travis Whitfill, Kevin Munjal, Manu Madhok, Maria Carmen G Diaz, Daniel J Scherzer, Barbara M Walsh, Angela Bowen, Michael Redlener, Scott A Goldberg, Nadine Symons, James Burkett, Joseph C Santos, David Kessler, Ryan N Barnicle, Geno Paesano, Marc A Auerbach
INTRODUCTION: Disaster triage training for emergency medical service (EMS) providers is not standardized. Simulation training is costly and time-consuming. In contrast, educational video games enable low-cost and more time-efficient standardized training. We hypothesized that players of the video game "60 Seconds to Survival" (60S) would have greater improvements in disaster triage accuracy compared to control subjects who did not play 60S. METHODS: Participants recorded their demographics and highest EMS training level and were randomized to play 60S (intervention) or serve as controls...
April 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129187/developing-the-fourth-evaluation-dimension-a-protocol-for-evaluation-of-video-from-the-patient-s-perspective-during-major-incident-exercises
#3
J J Mark Haverkort, Luke P H Leenen
OBJECTIVE: Presently used evaluation techniques rely on 3 traditional dimensions: reports from observers, registration system data, and observational cameras. Some of these techniques are observer-dependent and are not reproducible for a second review. This proof-of-concept study aimed to test the feasibility of extending evaluation to a fourth dimension, the patient's perspective. METHODS: Footage was obtained during a large, full-scale hospital trauma drill. Two mock victims were equipped with point-of-view cameras filming from the patient's head...
October 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112025/the-impact-of-adverse-events-on-clinicians-what-s-in-a-name
#4
Albert W Wu, Jo Shapiro, Reema Harrison, Susan D Scott, Cheryl Connors, Linda Kenney, Kris Vanhaecht
Unanticipated patient adverse events can also have a serious negative impact on clinicians. The term second victim was coined to highlight the experience of health professionals with these events and the need to effectively support them. However, there is some controversy over use of the term second victim. This article explores terminology used to describe the professionals involved in adverse events and services to support them. There is a concern that use of the term victim may connote passivity or stigmatize involved clinicians...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111445/bullying-among-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-early-adolescents-school-and-student-level-effects
#5
Irene Vitoroulis, Katholiki Georgiades
We examined the association between school immigrant concentration and bullying among immigrant and non-immigrant early adolescents, and identified potential explanatory factors. First generation immigrant students had reduced odds of victimization and perpetration in schools with high (20-60%), compared to low, levels of immigrant concentration. Second generation immigrant students had reduced odds of ethnic/racial victimization in moderately concentrated schools; while non-immigrants had increased odds in the same schools...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098704/use-of-xylazine-in-drug-facilitated-crimes
#6
Jatupon Krongvorakul, Saranya Auparakkitanon, Satariya Trakulsrichai, Pitsucha Sanguanwit, Jetjamnong Sueajai, Nantida Noumjad, Winai Wananukul
Human xylazine poisoning is uncommon. This report describes the use of xylazine for intentional poisoning with criminal intent. Two incidents occurred within 3 weeks: the first involved one victim, and the second involved two victims. The clinical presentations were brief coma, bradycardia, hypotension, and hyperglycemia. The victims recalled having been given a drink from a stranger in a hospital waiting room before loss of consciousness. In the first case, general drug screening by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (MS) revealed xylazine in the gastric contents, but liquid chromatography-tandem MS (LC-MS/MS) of serum did not...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095843/transgender-female-sex-workers-hiv-knowledge-experienced-stigma-and-condom-use-in-the-dominican-republic
#7
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Julia Hasbun, Rebecca Charow, Santo Rosario, Louise Tillotson, Elaine McGlaughlin, John Waters
INTRODUCTION: Not only do transgender female sex workers have some of the highest rates of sexually transmitted infections (STI), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and experienced stigma, they also have higher likelihood of early sexual debut and some of the lowest levels of educational attainment compared to other stigmatized populations. Some of the most common interventions designed to reduce transmission of HIV and STIs seek to educate high-risk groups on sexual health and encourage condom use across all partner types; however, reaching stigmatized populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, is particularly challenging...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094365/exposure-to-hate-speech-increases-prejudice-through-desensitization
#8
Wiktor Soral, Michał Bilewicz, Mikołaj Winiewski
In three studies (two representative nationwide surveys, N = 1,007, N = 682; and one experimental, N = 76) we explored the effects of exposure to hate speech on outgroup prejudice. Following the General Aggression Model, we suggest that frequent and repetitive exposure to hate speech leads to desensitization to this form of verbal violence and subsequently to lower evaluations of the victims and greater distancing, thus increasing outgroup prejudice. In the first survey study, we found that lower sensitivity to hate speech was a positive mediator of the relationship between frequent exposure to hate speech and outgroup prejudice...
November 2, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039227/the-violent-accounts-of-men-diagnosed-with-comorbid-antisocial-and-borderline-personality-disorders
#9
Craig Falcus, Darren Johnson
This study explored the violent offence accounts of life-sentenced prisoners diagnosed with comorbid antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD). The aim of the current study was to gain needed clinical insight into the mechanisms involved in this specific group offenders' use of violence against others. Six adult male personality-disordered offenders were interviewed via a semistructured interview schedule to collate individual offence accounts. Interview transcripts were analyzed by the lead researcher (first author) using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) who compared and contrasted findings to develop superordinate themes across the group...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036933/school-leadership-and-cyberbullying-a-multilevel-analysis
#10
Sara B Låftman, Viveca Östberg, Bitte Modin
Cyberbullying is a relatively new form of bullying, with both similarities and differences to traditional bullying. While earlier research has examined associations between school-contextual characteristics and traditional bullying, fewer studies have focused on the links to students' involvement in cyberbullying behavior. The aim of the present study is to assess whether school-contextual conditions in terms of teachers' ratings of the school leadership are associated with the occurrence of cyberbullying victimization and perpetration among students...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992513/evaluation-of-second-step-child-protection-videos-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Amanda B Nickerson, Jennifer A Livingston, Kimberly Kamper-DeMarco
This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examined the effects of the Second Step Child Protection Unit videos on parents' knowledge, motivation, and self-reported communication with their child about personal safety and childhood sexual abuse prevention. Parents of children between the ages of 3-11 years were randomly assigned to the intervention (watching the Second Step videos) or the control (watching videos on child obesity) groups. They completed measures assessing their knowledge of child sexual abuse (CSA), motivation to discuss CSA, self-reported discussions of CSA, child history of victimization, parent exposure to CSA, and comparable measures on topics of health and nutrition at pre-test...
October 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981181/effects-of-kneeling-posture-on-chest-compression-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-males
#12
S H Ho, D H K Chow
AIM: To study the effects of kneeling posture on chest compression during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in males. BACKGROUND: Efficiency of chest compression during CPR affected millions of victims over the world. There are still no clear guidelines on kneeling posture that a rescuer should adopt in performing CPR. DESIGN: A self-controlled-repeated-measures design applied in this study. The efficiency of chest compression on a mannequin when three kneeling postures were adopted (farthest, self-adjusted, and nearest) was analysed...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954154/interpersonal-violence-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-patterns-of-maxillofacial-injuries-in-the-metropolitan-area-of-campina-grande-state-of-para%C3%A3-ba-brazil-2008-2011
#13
Ítalo Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Lorena Marques Nóbrega, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Efigenia Ferreira E Ferreira, Sérgio d'Ávila
The aim of this study was to determine the circumstances of aggressions and patterns of maxillofacial injuries among victims of interpersonal violence. This was a cross-sectional and exploratory study conducted from the analysis of 7,132 medical-legal and social records of interpersonal violence victims seen in a Forensic Medicine and Dentistry Center. Descriptive and multivariate statistics were performed using Multiple Correspondence Analysis. Three groups with different victimization profiles were identified...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954143/childhood-and-adolescent-sexual-abuse-victim-profile-and-its-impacts-on-mental-health
#14
Luiz Felipe Campos Fontes, Otavio Canozzi Conceição, Sthefano Machado
This work aims to analyze the impact of childhood and adolescent sexual abuse on variables related to mental health and to identify the characteristics of the victims. To achieve this objective, microdata of the National School Health Survey 2015 was used, applying the methodology of Propensity Score Matching. The results show that the abused youth has a unique behavioral, familiar and socioeconomic profile and that they are more likely to use alcohol and drugs, be victim of bullying, to be in age-grade lag, to be employed and not to intend to continue studying...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947529/epidemiology-and-mapping-of-serious-and-fatal-road-traffic-injuries-in-guyana-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Conor M McWade, Melanie A McWade, D Alex Quistberg, Candace D McNaughton, Li Wang, Zulfikar Bux, Nicolas P Forget
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of Guyana's road traffic injuries and perform the first geocoding of road traffic injuries in this setting. METHODS: This was a registry-based retrospective cross-sectional study investigating collisions resulting in serious and fatal injuries. Police reports from two police divisions were used to identify victim, second party (ie, non-victim) and collision characteristics of all serious and fatal collisions between January 2012 and June 2015...
October 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945997/assessing-the-links-between-punitive-parenting-peer-deviance-social-isolation-and-bullying-perpetration-and-victimization-in-south-korean-adolescents
#16
Jun Sung Hong, Dong Ha Kim, Alex R Piquero
Children who are abused at home are at an increased risk of bullying perpetration and bullying victimization. Within that context, the purpose of the present study was to test Agnew's general strain theory and the peer deviancy training hypothesis by utilizing structural equation modeling to empirically examine pathways linking punitive parenting to bullying perpetration and bullying victimization. This study adds to the literature in two important ways. First, potential mediating linkages between punitive parenting and bullying perpetration and bullying victimization were examined, including socially withdrawn behavior and deviant peer affiliation...
November 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942057/psychosocial-symptoms-in-very-young-children-assessed-for-sexual-abuse-a-qualitative-analysis-from-the-asac-study
#17
T F Vrolijk-Bosschaart, S N Brilleslijper-Kater, G A M Widdershoven, A H Teeuw, E Verlinden, Y Voskes, E M van Duin, A P Verhoeff, M de Leeuw, M J Roskam, M A Benninga, R J L Lindauer
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a worldwide problem with serious consequences. No recognizable symptom pattern for suspected CSA has yet been identified in very young children. We aim to investigate psychosocial symptoms in a sample of children with confirmed or strongly suspected CSA and the interpretations given to such symptoms by independent clinical experts. Secondly we examined whether experts were able to identify confirmed victims of severe CSA. A qualitative study including inductive content analysis of medical files and focus group discussions with independent experts on the interpretation of psychosocial symptoms was conducted...
November 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934401/lessons-learned-for-reducing-the-negative-impact-of-adverse-events-on-patients-health-professionals-and-healthcare-organizations
#18
Jose Joaquin Mira, Susana Lorenzo, Irene Carrillo, Lena Ferrús, Carmen Silvestre, Pilar Astier, Fuencisla Iglesias-Alonso, Jose Angel Maderuelo, Pastora Pérez-Pérez, Maria Luisa Torijano, Elena Zavala, Susan D Scott
Purpose: To summarize the knowledge about the aftermath of adverse events (AEs) and develop a recommendation set to reduce their negative impact in patients, health professionals and organizations in contexts where there is no previous experiences and apology laws are not present. Data sources: Review studies published between 2000 and 2015, institutional websites and experts' opinions on patient safety. Study selection: Studies published and websites on open disclosure, and the second and third victims' phenomenon...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926780/validation-of-a-standard-forensic-anthropology-examination-protocol-by-measurement-of-applicability-and-reliability-on-exhumed-and-archive-samples-of-known-biological-attribution
#19
Raffaela Arrabaça Francisco, Martin Paul Evison, Moacyr Lobo da Costa Junior, Teresa Cristina Pantozzi Silveira, José Marcelo Secchieri, Marco Aurelio Guimarães
Forensic anthropology makes an important contribution to human identification and assessment of the causes and mechanisms of death and body disposal in criminal and civil investigations, including those related to atrocity, disaster and trafficking victim identification. The methods used are comparative, relying on assignment of questioned material to categories observed in standard reference material of known attribution. Reference collections typically originate in Europe and North America, and are not necessarily representative of contemporary global populations...
October 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902699/experiences-of-and-support-for-nurses-as-second-victims-of-adverse-nursing-errors-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#20
C J Cabilan, Kathryn Kynoch
BACKGROUND: Second victims are clinicians who have made adverse errors and feel traumatized by the experience. The current published literature on second victims is mainly representative of doctors, hence nurses' experiences are not fully depicted. This systematic review was necessary to understand the second victim experience for nurses, explore the support provided, and recommend appropriate support systems for nurses. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on nurses' experiences as second victims, and explore their experiences of the support they receive and the support they need...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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