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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907810/prediction-of-autosomal-str-typing-success-in-ancient-and-second-world-war-bone-samples
#1
Irena Zupanič Pajnič, Tomaž Zupanc, Jože Balažic, Živa Miriam Geršak, Oliver Stojković, Ivan Skadrić, Matija Črešnar
Human-specific quantitative PCR (qPCR) has been developed for forensic use in the last 10 years and is the preferred DNA quantification technique since it is very accurate, sensitive, objective, time-effective and automatable. The amount of information that can be gleaned from a single quantification reaction using commercially available quantification kits has increased from the quantity of nuclear DNA to the amount of male DNA, presence of inhibitors and, most recently, to the degree of DNA degradation. In skeletal remains samples from disaster victims, missing persons and war conflict victims, the DNA is usually degraded...
November 19, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903769/education-for-the-next-frontier-in-patient-safety-a-longitudinal-resident-curriculum-on-diagnostic-error
#2
Emily Ruedinger, Maren Olson, Justin Yee, Emily Borman-Shoap, Andrew P J Olson
Diagnostic error is a common, serious problem that has received increased attention recently for its impact on both patients and providers. Presently, most graduate medical education programs do not formally address this topic. The authors developed and evaluated a longitudinal, multimodule resident curriculum about diagnostic error and medical decision making. Key components of the curriculum include demystifying the medical decision-making process, building skills in critical thinking, and providing strategies for diagnostic error mitigation...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885246/the-association-between-subjective-socioeconomic-status-and-health-inequity-in-victims-of-occupational-accidents-in-korea
#3
Hongdeok Seok, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jaehoon Roh, Jihyun Kim, Yeong-Kwang Kim, Wanhyung Lee, Jeongbae Rhie, Jong-Uk Won
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the health inequity of victims of occupational accidents through the association between socioeconomic status and unmet healthcare need. METHODS: Data from the first and second Panel Study of Workers' Compensation Insurance were used, which included 1,803 participants. The odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals for the unmet healthcare needs of participants with a lower socioeconomic status and other socioeconomic statuses were investigated using multivariate regression analysis...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885045/how-canada-s-asbestos-industry-was-defeated-in-quebec
#4
Kathleen Ruff
Less than a decade ago, the Quebec asbestos industry enjoyed support from all the political parties in the Canadian House of Commons and the Quebec National Assembly, as well as from business and union organizations. Two lobby organizations (Chrysotile Institute and International Chrysotile Association) had significant global impact in promoting asbestos use and defeating asbestos ban efforts in developing countries. Quebec's two asbestos mines planned to expand operations and make Quebec the second biggest global asbestos exporter...
November 23, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875279/biochemical-markers-of-nutrition-support-in-critically-ill-trauma-victims
#5
Brodie Parent, Max Seaton, Grant E O'Keefe
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients, plasma serum albumin and transthyretin concentrations are thought to reflect the effects of acute illness, including resuscitation and inflammation. Their use as markers for preexisting nutrition status is, therefore, not recommended. Whether they can be used to assess subsequent effectiveness of artificial nutrition support is unclear. We sought to determine if these biomarkers are associated with enteral caloric intake in critically ill trauma patients...
October 3, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844461/antecedents-of-suicide-among-youth-aged-11-15-a-multistate-mixed-methods-analysis
#6
Kristin M Holland, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Joseph E Logan, Ruth W Leemis
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for youth aged 11 to 15, taking over 5,500 lives from 2003 to 2014. Suicide among this age group is linked to risk factors such as mental health problems, family history of suicidal behavior, biological factors, family problems, and peer victimization and bullying. However, few studies have examined the frequency with which such problems occur among youth suicide decedents or the context in which decedents experience these risk factors and the complex interplay of risk that results in a decedent's decision to take his/her own life...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831829/dynamic-change-of-aggressive-behavior-and-victimization-among-adolescents-effectiveness-of-the-visc-program
#7
Takuya Yanagida, Dagmar Strohmeier, Christiane Spiel
The present study reports a high-quality evaluation of the ViSC Social Competence Program, which was implemented large scale in Austria. A rigorous test of program effectiveness has been performed to investigate the dynamic change of aggressive behavior and victimization and to ensure a high level of statistical conclusion validity. A cluster randomized control study was applied to examine program effectiveness regarding aggressive behavior and victimization. In sum, 1,377 adolescents (48.5% girls, Mage = 11...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814497/peer-victimization-in-adolescence-concordance-between-measures-and-associations-with-global-and-daily-internalizing-problems
#8
J Loes Pouwels, Tessa A M Lansu, Antonius H N Cillessen
This study aimed to shed further light on what is measured by self-, peer-, and daily diary-reports of victimization in adolescence. First, the concordance between self-, peer-, and daily diary-reports of victimization was assessed. Participants were 188 Dutch adolescents (43% male, Mage = 16.07 years, SD = .84) who participated in a classroom assessment and daily diary assessment (5 consecutive school days). Peer-reports (15%) and self-reports (13%) yielded higher prevalence rates than diary-reports (3%)...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811596/qualitative-study-about-the-experiences-of-colleagues-of-health-professionals-involved-in-an-adverse-event
#9
Lena Ferrús, Carmen Silvestre, Guadalupe Olivera, José Joaquín Mira
OBJECTIVES: Identify what occurs among health-care providers (HCPs) after an adverse event (AE) and what colleagues could do to help them. METHOD: A qualitative study with participation by physicians and nurses from hospitals and primary care facilities. RESULTS: Fifteen HCPs and 12 health professionals with quality management responsibilities with between 8 and 30 years of experience participated; 15 (56%) were physicians (9 general practitioners, 3 surgeons, 2 intensivists, and 1 from an emergency unit), and 12 (44%) were nurses (5 worked in primary care and 7 in hospitals)...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811593/the-effects-of-the-second-victim-phenomenon-on-work-related-outcomes-connecting-self-reported-caregiver-distress-to-turnover-intentions-and-absenteeism
#10
Jonathan D Burlison, Rebecca R Quillivan, Susan D Scott, Sherry Johnson, James M Hoffman
OBJECTIVES: Second victim experiences can affect the well-being of healthcare providers and compromise patient safety. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between self-reported second victim-related distress to turnover intention and absenteeism. Organizational support was examined concurrently because it was hypothesized to explain the potential relationships between distress and work-related outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional, self-report survey (the Second Victim Experience and Support Tool) of nurses directly involved in patient care (N = 155) was analyzed by using hierarchical linear regression...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783608/-second-victims-in-healthcare-the-stages-of-recovery-following-an-adverse-event
#11
Carmela Rinaldi, Fabrizio Leigheb, Angelo Di Dio, Kris Vanhaecht, Chiara Donnarumma, Massimiliano Panella
A second victim has been defined as "a healthcare worker involved in an unanticipated adverse patient event, medical error and/or a patient related-injury who becomes victimized in the sense that the worker is traumatized by the event". The aim of the present research study was to assess the "second victim" phenomenon in Italy. Fifty interviews were conducted with different health care professionals previously involved in medical errors. All study participants clearly remembered the event. Support obtained by second victims was poor and inefficient...
July 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780110/latent-classes-of-childhood-poly-victimization-and-associations-with-suicidal-behavior-among-adult-trauma-victims-moderating-role-of-anger
#12
Ruby Charak, Brianna M Byllesby, Michelle E Roley, Meredith A Claycomb, Tory A Durham, Jana Ross, Cherie Armour, Jon D Elhai
The aims of the present study were first to identify discrete patterns of childhood victimization experiences including crime, child maltreatment, peer/sibling victimization, sexual violence, and witnessing violence among adult trauma victims using latent class analysis; second, to examine the association between class-membership and suicidal behavior, and third to investigate the differential role of dispositional anger on the association between class-membership and suicidal behavior. We hypothesized that those classes with accumulating exposure to different types of childhood victimization (e...
December 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761931/the-rising-toll-of-homicide-by-psychiatric-patients-have-we-reached-peak-community-care
#13
Niall McCrae
With a spring in his step, lecturer Jeroen Ensink left his suburban London home to post cards to his many friends around the world, announcing the arrival of his baby daughter. Seconds later his life was over. A young man had pounced, and in a state of frenzy, savagely stabbed his random victim (Daily Mail, 4 January 2016). As psychiatric patient Femi Nandap begins detention in a high-security institution, we should spare some thought for Jeroen's wife, and his only child. This article is protected by copyright...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761173/evaluating-the-reliability-of-expert-evidence-in-compensation-procedures-are-diagnosticians-influenced-by-the-narrative-fallacy-when-assessing-the-psychological-injuries-of-trauma-victims
#14
M J J Kunst, M Van de Wiel
The current study investigated whether mental health practitioners are influenced by the narrative fallacy when assessing the psychological injuries of trauma victims. The narrative fallacy is associated with our tendency to establish logical links between different facts. In psychodiagnostic assessments, this tendency may result in overdiagnosis of mental disorders when psychological symptoms can be attributed to a traumatic event. Consequently, legal decision makers may be at risk of awarding compensation for psychological injuries which are not severe enough to justify financial reimbursement...
2016: Psychological Injury and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749969/intimate-partner-violence-among-female-drug-users-admitted-to-the-general-hospital-screening-and-prevalence
#15
Clara Caldentey, Judit Tirado Muñoz, Tessie Ferrer, Francina Fonseca Casals, Paola Rossi, Juan Ignacio Mestre-Pintó, Marta Torrens Melich
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem worldwide. Several factors have been found to be associated with an increased prevalence of IPV, such as substance use. A cross-sectional study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence of IPV among women entering Hospital del Mar (Barcelona) for any medical/surgical reason, and who had a diagnosis of substance use disorder. Secondly, it was intended to psychometrically validate the Spanish version of the Hurt, Insulted, Threatened with Harm, Screamed (HITS) questionnaire...
September 29, 2016: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709602/responses-to-interpersonal-stress-normative-changes-across-childhood-and-the-impact-of-peer-victimization
#16
Wendy Troop-Gordon, Niwako Sugimura, Karen D Rudolph
This research examined the development of stress responses across second to sixth grades and whether exposure to peer victimization alters stress response trajectories. Youth (338 girls; 298 boys; Mage  = 7.97 years, SD = .37) reported on stress responses; teachers and youth reported on peer victimization. Latent growth curve modeling revealed an increase in effortful engagement responses and a decrease in disengagement and involuntary engagement responses during this period. Peer victimization disrupted these normative trajectories, resulting in less effortful engagement and more effortful disengagement and involuntary stress responses in early adolescence...
October 6, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694486/implementing-the-rise-second-victim-support-programme-at-the-johns-hopkins-hospital-a-case-study
#17
Hanan Edrees, Cheryl Connors, Lori Paine, Matt Norvell, Henry Taylor, Albert W Wu
BACKGROUND: Second victims are healthcare workers who experience emotional distress following patient adverse events. Studies indicate the need to develop organisational support programmes for these workers. The RISE (Resilience In Stressful Events) programme was developed at the Johns Hopkins Hospital to provide this support. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of RISE and evaluate its initial feasibility and subsequent implementation. Programme phases included (1) developing the RISE programme, (2) recruiting and training peer responders, (3) pilot launch in the Department of Paediatrics and (4) hospital-wide implementation...
September 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680879/comparing-children-s-and-caseworkers-reports-of-physical-violence
#18
Stacey Nofziger, Rachel E Stein, Nicole L Rosen
In cases of suspected child maltreatment, the caseworkers' evaluations of the harm and risk to the child are vital in determining if children are being abused and ultimately whether services are provided to the family. These evaluations are dependent on information caseworkers are able to uncover during their investigation, but may not reflect the experiences of the child. Using data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW-I), this study first compares how consistent children's claims of physical victimization are with caseworkers' assessments of harm, severity of risk, and whether there is physical abuse occurring...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679402/psychological-responses-coping-and-supporting-needs-of-healthcare-professionals-as-second-victims
#19
S T Chan, P C B Khong, W Wang
AIM: To provide an overview of healthcare professionals' psychological responses, coping strategies and supporting needs in the aftermath of an adverse event, thus informing health policy implications and future research in this aspect. BACKGROUND: Trauma experienced by healthcare professionals as second victims potentially provokes intense emotional distress, detrimental professional outcomes and imposes harsh long-term effects. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed to synthesize the experiences and needs of second victims who are healthcare professionals being traumatized by an unanticipated adverse event, medical error or patient-related injury...
September 28, 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676692/diurnal-and-nocturnal-flight-activity-of-blow-flies-diptera-calliphoridae-in-a-rainforest-fragment-in-brazil-implications-for-the-colonization-of-homicide-victims
#20
Thiago F Soares, Simao D Vasconcelos
Nocturnal flight of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) is a controversial issue in forensic entomology. We performed two field experiments to investigate the diurnal and nocturnal activity of six blow fly species in a rainforest fragment in Brazil. Initially, nocturnal (17:30-05:30) versus diurnal (05:30-17:30) flight activity was investigated. Only 3.9% of adults were collected at night, mostly the native species Mesembrinella bicolor, and nocturnal oviposition did not occur. In the second experiment, collection of adults took place at the following intervals: 05:30-08:30, 08:30-11:30, 11:30-14:30, and 14:30-17:30...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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