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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934401/lessons-learned-for-reducing-the-negative-impact-of-adverse-events-on-patients-health-professionals-and-healthcare-organizations
#1
Jose Joaquin Mira, Susana Lorenzo, Irene Carrillo, Lena Ferrús, Carmen Silvestre, Pilar Astier, Fuencisla Iglesias-Alonso, Jose Angel Maderuelo, Pastora Pérez-Pérez, Maria Luisa Torijano, Elena Zavala, Susan D Scott
Purpose: To summarize the knowledge about the aftermath of adverse events (AEs) and develop a recommendation set to reduce their negative impact in patients, health professionals and organizations in contexts where there is no previous experiences and apology laws are not present. Data sources: Review studies published between 2000 and 2015, institutional websites and experts' opinions on patient safety. Study selection: Studies published and websites on open disclosure, and the second and third victims' phenomenon...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926780/validation-of-a-standard-forensic-anthropology-examination-protocol-by-measurement-of-applicability-and-reliability-on-exhumed-and-archive-samples-of-known-biological-attribution
#2
Raffaela Arrabaça Francisco, Martin Paul Evison, Moacyr Lobo da Costa Junior, Teresa Cristina Pantozzi Silveira, José Marcelo Secchieri, Marco Aurelio Guimarães
Forensic anthropology makes an important contribution to human identification and assessment of the causes and mechanisms of death and body disposal in criminal and civil investigations, including those related to atrocity, disaster and trafficking victim identification. The methods used are comparative, relying on assignment of questioned material to categories observed in standard reference material of known attribution. Reference collections typically originate in Europe and North America, and are not necessarily representative of contemporary global populations...
September 7, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902699/experiences-of-and-support-for-nurses-as-second-victims-of-adverse-nursing-errors-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#3
C J Cabilan, Kathryn Kynoch
BACKGROUND: Second victims are clinicians who have made adverse errors and feel traumatized by the experience. The current published literature on second victims is mainly representative of doctors, hence nurses' experiences are not fully depicted. This systematic review was necessary to understand the second victim experience for nurses, explore the support provided, and recommend appropriate support systems for nurses. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on nurses' experiences as second victims, and explore their experiences of the support they receive and the support they need...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889916/evidence-for-a-relationship-between-child-maltreatment-and-absenteeism-among-high-school-students-in-sweden
#4
Johan Melander Hagborg, Kristina Berglund, Claudia Fahlke
School absenteeism is a potent predictor of academic failure. Maltreated adolescents have been found to be more absent from school compared to their peers. However, it is scarcely studied in what degree a general population of students with high levels of school absenteeism has been exposed to child maltreatment. Furthermore, it is not known if maltreated school-absentees have specific characteristics compared to not-maltreated absentees. In this article, the first objective was to present and compare the prevalence of six types of child maltreatment in a general population of high school students reporting no, moderate or excessive absenteeism...
September 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869064/multiple-correspondence-analysis-as-a-strategy-to-explore-the-association-between-categories-of-qualitative-variables-related-to-oral-maxillofacial-trauma-and-violent-crimes-at-the-community-level
#5
Í de Macedo Bernardino, L M Santos, A V P Ferreira, T L M de Almeida Lima, L M da Nóbrega, S d'Avila
The main objective of this study was to show the applicability of multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) in the detection and representation of underlying structures in large datasets used to investigate oral-maxillofacial lesions. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving the analysis of the medical-forensic and social records of 992 people who experienced oral-maxillofacial trauma resulting from non-fatal violent crimes that occurred in the community. Based on the MCA results, two distinct victim profiles were identified...
August 28, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863730/the-challenges-of-identifying-and-classifying-child-sexual-abuse-material
#6
Juliane A Kloess, Jessica Woodhams, Helen Whittle, Tim Grant, Catherine E Hamilton-Giachritsis
The aim of the present study was to (a) assess the reliability with which indecent images of children (IIOC) are classified as being of an indecent versus nonindecent nature, and (b) examine in detail the decision-making process engaged in by law enforcement personnel who undertake the difficult task of identifying and classifying IIOC as per the current legislative offense categories. One experienced researcher and four employees from a police force in the United Kingdom coded an extensive amount of IIOC ( n = 1,212-2,233) to determine if they (a) were deemed to be of an indecent nature, and (b) depicted a child...
August 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844358/how-do-youth-with-experience-of-violence-victimization-and-or-risk-drinking-perceive-routine-inquiry-about-violence-and-alcohol-consumption-in-swedish-youth-clinics-a-qualitative-study
#7
Anna Palm, Ingela Danielsson, Ulf Högberg, Karl-Gustav Norbergh
OBJECTIVE: To explore perceptions and experiences among youth who underwent structured questions about violence victimization and alcohol consumption when visiting Swedish youth clinics. METHODS: This study is part of a larger research project examining the effect of including routine inquiry about violence victimization and alcohol consumption for youth visiting youth clinics. Fifteen youth with experiences of victimization and/or risk drinking (AUDIT-C≥5) were interviewed...
October 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844233/do-hospitals-support-second-victims-collective-insights-from-patient-safety-leaders-in-maryland
#8
Hanan H Edrees, Laura Morlock, Albert W Wu
BACKGROUND: Second victims-defined as health care providers who are emotionally traumatized after a patient adverse event-may not receive needed emotional support. Although most health care organizations have an employee assistance program (EAP), second victims may be reluctant to access this service because of worries about confidentiality. A study was conducted to describe the extent to which organizational support for second victims is perceived as desirable by patient safety officers in acute care hospitals in Maryland and to identify existing support programs...
September 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836929/comparing-female-and-male-perpetrated-child-sexual-abuse-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#9
Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Erin B Comartin, Sheryl P Kubiak
This mixed-methods study compares experiences of female- and male-perpetrated child sexual abuse using self-report data from a correctional subsample of 26 women and 25 men currently incarcerated for a sex crime against a child. First, we use bivariate and logistic regression analyses to determine whether there are differences in offender, victim, and offense characteristics between women and men who commit child sexual abuse. Second, we examine participants' open-ended responses eliciting details about their offenses...
August 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832596/femicide-in-turkey-between-2000-and-2010
#10
Sadik Toprak, Gokhan Ersoy
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important problem that threatens women's health, very few studies focus on the victim-perpetrator relationship or examine this relationship across Turkey. The aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of femicide cases in Turkey and to describe the socio-demographic, clinical, forensic, and criminological characteristics of femicide victims and offenders. This study analysed 162 femicide cases that occurred in 12 cities in Turkey from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817478/more-than-1-million-potential-second-victims-how-many-could-nursing-education-prevent
#11
Jackie H Jones, Linda A Treiber
Any error made in health care can cause the health care provider to become a second victim. There are many initiatives, tools, and instruments designed to support second victims after an error has been made. The role that nursing education can play in preventing nurses from becoming second victims has not been well explored. This article presents a study designed to investigate perceptions of recent BSN graduates about preparation for medication administration, medication error, and their personal experience with error making and second victimhood...
August 16, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801755/a-cross-national-comparison-of-violence-among-young-men-in-china-and-the-uk-psychiatric-and-cultural-explanations
#12
Jeremy Coid, Junmei Hu, Constantinos Kallis, Yuan Ping, Juying Zhang, Yueying Hu, Laura Bui, Simone Ullrich, Paul Bebbington
PURPOSE: Public health psychiatry has a key role in violence prevention. Cross-national comparisons of violence and associated psychiatric morbidity can indicate targets for preventive interventions. METHOD: Data on young adult men in households, 18-34 years, were drawn from the Second Men's Modern Lifestyles survey in Great Britain (n = 2046) and from a corresponding survey in Chengdu, China (n = 4132), using a translated questionnaire. Binary logistic regression models were carried out to estimate the cross-national differences for different types of violence and to identify explanatory variables...
August 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781135/five-year-epidemiology-of-liquefied-petroleum-gas-related-burns
#13
Ronghua Jin, Pan Wu, Jon Kee Ho, Xingang Wang, Chunmao Han
BACKGROUND: The incidence of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)-related burns has increased over recent years, and it has become a serious public health issue in developing countries such as India and Turkey. This paper aims to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of LPG-related burns to provide assistance and suggestions for planning prevention strategies. METHODS: A 5-year retrospective study was conducted in patients with LPG-related burns admitted to the Department of Burns & Wound Care Center, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, College of Medicine, between 1st January 2011 and 31st December 2015...
August 3, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771842/challenges-in-interprofessional-collaboration-experiences-of-care-providers-and-policymakers-in-a-newly-set-up-dutch-assault-centre
#14
Elza Zijlstra, Sylvie Lo Fo Wong, Anne Teerling, Giel Hutschemaekers, Antoine Lagro-Janssen
BACKGROUND: Sexual and family violence are problems that affect many women and men, and the negative health consequences of violence are numerous. As adequate acute interprofessional care can prevent negative health consequences and improve forensic medical examination, a Centre for Sexual and Family Violence was set up. AIM: We aimed to improve our understanding of the challenges in interprofessional collaboration in a newly set-up centre for sexual and family violence...
August 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754340/-is-there-any-relation-between-couple-violence-and-repeated-medical-abortion
#15
A Pinton, A-C Hanser, M-A Metten, I Nisand, K Bettahar
OBJECTIVES: Risk factors of repeated induced abortion remain unclear. One of them could be domestic violence. The aim of this study was to explore the association between repeated induced abortion and domestic violence, including violence during childhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted in three hospitals in Alsace. All women between 18 and 50 years old were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire during their hospitalization for induced abortion between 31th of November 2013 and 1st of December 2014...
July 25, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746906/prototyping-for-the-treatment-of-late-zygomatic-orbital-fracture-a-case-report
#16
Amanda Lúcio do Ó Silva, Isabella Jardelino Dias, Rafael Grotta Grempel, Hécio Henrique Araújo de Morais, Nadja Maria da Silva Oliveira Brito, Daliana Queiroga de Castro Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Zygomatic-orbital complex fractures are the most common facial traumas that can result in severe esthetic and functional sequelae. Surgical correction of these fractures is a delicate approach and prototyping is an excellent tool to facilitate this procedure. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 27-year-old man, a motorcycle accident victim, was hospitalized in the intensive care unit for 30days. After this period, facial fractures were treated surgically, leaving sequelae such as enophthalmos, dystopia and loss of projection of the zygomatic arch...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738687/critical-incident-stress-debriefing-after-adverse-patient-safety-events
#17
Reema Harrison, Albert Wu
Adverse events (AEs) are common, estimated to occur in around 10% internationally. Although preventable harm can be minimized, when AEs occur it is important that they be managed appropriately. AEs can be traumatic not only for patients, their friends, and relatives, but also for the involved clinicians, who have been referred to as "second victims" in a growing body of international research. Despite the frequency with which AEs occur, organizational mechanisms for supporting staff in these circumstances are not routinely embedded in healthcare settings...
May 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736610/dog-bite-injuries-to-humans-and-the-use-of-breed-specific-legislation-a-comparison-of-bites-from-legislated-and-non-legislated-dog-breeds
#18
Nanci Creedon, Páraic S Ó'Súilleabháin
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this study was to investigate if differences in dog bite characteristics exist amongst legislated and non-legislated dog breeds listed under breed-specific legislation in Ireland (age when bitten, anatomical bite locations, triggers for biting, victim's relationship with the dog, geographical location and owner presence, history of aggression, reporting bite incident to authorities, medical treatment required following the bite, and type of bite inflicted)...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727735/we-perceive-a-mind-in-a-robot-when-we-help-it
#19
Tetsushi Tanibe, Takaaki Hashimoto, Kaori Karasawa
People sometimes perceive a mind in inorganic entities like robots. Psychological research has shown that mind perception correlates with moral judgments and that immoral behaviors (i.e., intentional harm) facilitate mind perception toward otherwise mindless victims. We conducted a vignette experiment (N = 129; Mage = 21.8 ± 6.0 years) concerning human-robot interactions and extended previous research's results in two ways. First, mind perception toward the robot was facilitated when it received a benevolent behavior, although only when participants took the perspective of an actor...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726268/being-similar-while-judging-right-and-wrong-the-effects-of-personal-and-situational-similarity-on-moral-judgements
#20
Emilia Pascal
This study investigated the effects of similarity with the transgressor and the victim on the perceived immorality of the transgression. Participants read two stories describing a person that cheated on their partner and a police officer that mistreated somebody. In the first story we manipulated participants' personal similarity to the transgressor and in the second their personal similarity to the victim. In each story, participants' past situational similarity to the target character was assessed according to their previous experiences of being in the same position...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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