Read by QxMD icon Read

Cervical pessary

Jaroslaw Kalinka, Elwira Agata Jasinska, Piotr Laudanski, Adam Bitner
We present a rare case of a complication after pessary insertion during pregnancy due to short cervix. A woman in the 35th week of gestation was admitted to the Department of Perinatology due to preterm labor. The patient's history revealed cervical pessary insertion during the 29th week of pregnancy due to a cervix of 18 mm in length. Because of threatened preterm labor, the pessary was removed. After pessary removal, a rupture of the cervix was diagnosed. Because of active labor and cervical rupture, a cesarean section was performed and a healthy newborn was delivered...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Niloofar Karbasian, Mahdi Sheikh, Reihaneh Pirjani, Shahla Hazrati, Fatemeh Tara, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh
AIM: We compared the effectiveness of a combined treatment involving cervical pessary plus vaginal progesterone to vaginal progesterone alone in decreasing the rate of preterm birth in women with short cervix in the second gestational trimester. METHODS: This prospective, open-label, randomized clinical trial was conducted on 144 pregnant women with singleton pregnancy who had a cervical length ≤ 25 mm, at 18-22 gestational weeks (GW). Seventy-three patients were assigned to receive 400 mg of daily vaginal progesterone (group A), and 73 to receive cervical pessary plus 400 mg of daily vaginal progesterone (group B), until the 37th GW...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
A Rivera-Casas, G Parra, A Rueda, I Diaz, A Barrero, M A Parra-Saavedra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Manel Mendoza, Maria Goya, Andrea Gascón, Laia Pratcorona, Carme Merced, Carlota Rodó, Leonor Valle, Azahar Romero, Miquel Juan, Alberto Rodríguez, Begoña Muñoz, Bele˜n Santacruz, Elena Carreras, Luis Cabero
OBJECTIVES: To observe the modifications in cervical length (CL) in patients with and without cervical pessary (Arabin® ASQ 65/25/32) and correlate these modifications with gestational age at delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of asymptomatic singleton pregnancies (PECEP-Trial) between weeks 20 + 0 and 23 + 6 with maternal short cervix (<25 mm) randomised into two groups: expectant management and cervical pessary. RESULTS: This study included 380 pregnant women: 190 with pessary and 190 without pessary...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
S V Barinov, I V Shamina, O V Lazareva, Yu I Tirskaya, V V Ralko, L L Shkabarnya, G B Dikke, D M Kochev, L L Klementyeva
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of combined use of Arabin pessary, cervical cerclage and progesterone with progesterone-only management of pregnant women at high risk of preterm birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 203 pregnant women at high risk of preterm birth who were randomised to receive Arabin pessary (Group 1, n = 82) and progesterone, circular cervical cerclage and progesterone (Group 2 = 121), or progesterone treatment only (Group3, controls, n = 50)...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Jeevan Prasanga Marasinghe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Christopher Folterman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Frederik J R Hermans, Ewoud Schuit, Brent C Opmeer, Martijn A Oudijk, Mireille Bekker, Mallory Woiski, Caroline J Bax, Marieke Sueters, Hubertina C J Scheepers, Maureen T M Franssen, Eva Pajkrt, Ben Willem J Mol, Marjolein Kok
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. As preventive strategies are largely ineffective, threatened preterm labor is a frequent problem that affects approximately 10 % of pregnancies. In recent years, risk assessment in these women has incorporated cervical length measurement and fetal fibronectin testing, and this has improved the capacity to identify women at increased risk for delivery within 14 days. Despite these improvements, risk for preterm birth continues to be increased in women who did not deliver after an episode of threatened preterm labor, as indicated by a preterm birth rate between 30 to 60 % in this group of women...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Vera Falcão, Catarina Melo, Alexandra Matias, Nuno Montenegro
Preterm birth (PTB) represents a heavy burden in modern obstetrics as it is a major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. After the introduction of transvaginal sonography (TVS) screening, secondary prevention of PTB has been re-evaluated on the basis of pre-existing cervical length (CL) and meanwhile the cervical pessary has become an object of increasing interest. This device consists of a silicone cone acting mechanically, that can be easily placed or removed, but whose efficacy is still controversial...
May 12, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Mariarosaria Di Tommaso, Viola Seravalli, Silvana Arduino, Carlotta Bossotti, Giovanni Sisti, Tullia Todros
A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Arabin cervical pessary in twin pregnancies with cervical length (CL)  <25 mm between 21 and 31 weeks. Forty patients receiving pessary were matched with 40 controls without pessary. They were matched for gestational age (GA) at admission and CL. GA at delivery, delivery before 36, 34 and 32 weeks, latency between detection of short cervix and delivery, and duration of hospital admission were compared between groups. Women with the pessary delivered at higher GA compared to controls (35 vs...
March 25, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Julia Timofeev
Prevention of spontaneous preterm birth is an important public health priority. Pessary may be a potential therapy in cases of cervical insufficiency, in singleton and multiple gestations. Availability of transvaginal sonography for accurate assessment of cervical length is allowing for the tailoring of therapy to a more specific subset of patients who may benefit from this treatment. Pessary therapy is attractive given the favorable side effect profile, low cost, and ease of placement and removal. Large randomized trials are ongoing to validate initial favorable findings...
June 2016: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Kypros H Nicolaides, Argyro Syngelaki, Liona C Poon, Gemma Picciarelli, Natasa Tul, Aikaterini Zamprakou, Evdoxia Skyfta, Mauro Parra-Cordero, Ricardo Palma-Dias, Jesus Rodriguez Calvo
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal and infant death and of disability among survivors. It is unclear whether a pessary inserted around the cervix reduces the risk of preterm singleton birth. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial comparing pessary placement with expectant management (control) in girls and women who were pregnant with singletons (singleton pregnancies) and who had a cervical length of 25 mm or less at 20 weeks 0 days to 24 weeks 6 days of gestation...
March 17, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Nathan S Fox, Simi Gupta, Jennifer Lam-Rachlin, Andrei Rebarber, Chad K Klauser, Daniel H Saltzman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cervical pessary as an intervention to prevent preterm birth in twin pregnancies with a short cervix. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of twin pregnancies managed by a single maternal-fetal medicine practice from 2005 to 2015. We included patients at 28 weeks of gestation or less who were diagnosed with a cervical length less than 20 mm. At the time of diagnosis, all patients were prescribed vaginal progesterone. Starting in 2013, they were also offered pessary placement in addition to vaginal progesterone...
April 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Lynne Hampson, Innocent O Maranga, Millicent S Masinde, Anthony W Oliver, Gavin Batman, Xiaotong He, Minaxi Desai, Parmenas M Okemwa, Helen Stringfellow, Pierre Martin-Hirsch, Alex M Mwaniki, Peter Gichangi, Ian N Hampson
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the most common female malignancy in the developing nations and the third most common cancer in women globally. An effective, inexpensive and self-applied topical treatment would be an ideal solution for treatment of screen-detected, pre-invasive cervical disease in low resource settings. METHODS: Between 01/03/2013 and 01/08/2013, women attending Kenyatta National Hospital's Family Planning and Gynaecology Outpatients clinics were tested for HIV, HPV (Cervista®) and liquid based cervical cytology (LBC-ThinPrep®)...
2016: PloS One
F Fuchs, M-V Senat
Preterm birth is a major concern in modern obstetrics, and an important source of morbidity and mortality in newborns. Among twin pregnancies, especially, preterm birth is highly prevalent, and it accounts for almost 50% of the complications observed in this obstetrical population. In this article, we review the existing literature regarding the prediction and prevention of preterm birth in both symptomatic and asymptomatic twin pregnancies. In asymptomatic twin pregnancies, the best two predictive tests were cervical length (CL) measurement and cervicovaginal fetal fibronectin (fFN) testing...
April 2016: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Jennifer Gilner, Joseph Biggio
Sonographic evaluation of the uterine cervix has evolved as one of the best clinical tools available for the prediction of subsequent spontaneous preterm birth (PTB), particularly when combined with prior poor obstetric history. There is a growing body of evidence describing interventions for short cervix that reduce the risk of preterm delivery and improve neonatal outcomes. Yet, given the significant heterogeneity in the pathways that lead to PTB, understanding the specific clinical characteristics of women who may benefit from a given intervention is critical to appropriate implementation...
February 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Sophie M S Liem, Ewoud Schuit, Mariëlle G van Pampus, Marjo van Melick, Maurice Monfrance, Josje Langenveld, Ben W J Mol, Dick Bekedam
INTRODUCTION: We recently showed that a cervical pessary prevents preterm birth and reduces poor neonatal outcomes in women with a twin pregnancy and a short cervix (<38 mm). The objective of this study was to evaluate the full potential treatment effect of the pessary in the whole group and in women with a short cervix. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a per-protocol analysis of a multicenter randomized controlled trial (ProTWIN trial, NTR1858) where we excluded women who were allocated to the pessary but never had it placed...
April 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Maurice J M Monfrance, Ewoud Schuit, Rolf H Groenwold, Martijn A Oudijk, Irene M de Graaf, Caroline J Bax, Dick J Bekedam, Ben Willem Mol, Josje Langenveld
OBJECTIVE: In asymptomatic women with a multiple pregnancy and short cervix prophylactic use of a cervical pessary might reduce preterm birth. We assessed the possible treatment effects of pessary use in pregnancy duration and for poor perinatal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort study was performed between December 2012 and September 2014 in 44 hospitals in the Netherlands. Women with multiple pregnancy had a cervical length measurement between 16 and 22 weeks of gestation...
February 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Nathanael Stricker, Nina Timmesfeld, Ioannis Kyvernitakis, Janina Goerges, Birgit Arabin
BACKGROUND: Precocious cervical ripening, as defined by cervical shortening on transvaginal sonography, has prompted a broad evaluation of secondary strategies (such as cerclage, vaginal progesterone, or a cervical pessary) to prevent preterm delivery. However, there is still a lack of direct comparisons between individual treatments or their combinations. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare at-risk patients and screening patients who had been treated with cervical pessary alone with patients who had been treated with pessary plus vaginal progesterone...
June 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"