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Islamic research ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197882/islamic-medical-jurisprudence-syllabus-a-review-in-saudi-arabia
#1
H Chamsi-Pasha, M A Albar
INTRODUCTION: The ever-increasing technological advances of Western medicine have created new ethical issues awaiting answers and response. The use of genetic therapy, organ transplant, milk-banking, end-of-life care and euthanasia are of paramount importance to the medical students and need to be addressed. METHODS: A series of searches were conducted of Medline databases published in English between January 2000 and January 2017 with the following keywords: medical ethics, syllabus, Islam, jurisprudence...
October 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149146/dexamethasone-and-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-intraarticular-bupivacaine-for-postoperative-pain-relief-in-knee-arthroscopic-surgery-a-randomized-trial
#2
Seham M Moeen, Islam K Ramadan, Hesham A Elkady
BACKGROUND: Knee arthroscopy causes minimal trauma, however, good analgesia is required for early rehabilitation and return to normal life in the patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the analgesic effects of intraarticular dexamethasone and dexmedetomidine added to bupivacaine with those of bupivacaine alone. STUDY DESIGN: This study uses a double-blind, randomized, controlled design with allocation concealment in a 3-armed parallel group format among patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscal surgery...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127672/responsible-conduct-of-human-subjects-research-in-islamic-communities
#3
Aceil Al-Khatib, Michael Kalichman
In order to increase understanding of the ethical implications of biomedical, behavioral and clinical research, the Fogarty International Center, part of the United States National Institutes of Health, established an International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Award (R25) to support programs in low- and middle-income countries. To develop research ethics expertise in Jordan, the University of California San Diego fellowship program in collaboration with Jordan University of Science and Technology provides courses that enable participants to develop skills in varied research ethics topics, including research with human subjects...
November 10, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058161/developing-an-islamic-research-ethics-framework
#4
Abbas Rattani, Adnan A Hyder
In surveying the medical literature on Islamic principles of research ethics, it is apparent that attempts to identify ethical principles are replete with issues of standards and gaps in knowledge of the uses of scriptural sources. Despite this, attempts at creating an Islamic ethical framework for research ethics may improve current practices in research in Muslim-majority countries and contribute to the growing canon of secular bioethics. This paper aims to identify principles and considerations within Islam that (1) overlap with current corpora on research ethics, and (2) further informs the current research ethics discourse...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043540/between-quality-of-life-and-hope-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-muslim-women-toward-withholding-and-withdrawing-life-sustaining-treatments
#5
REVIEW
Chaïma Ahaddour, Stef Van den Branden, Bert Broeckaert
The technological advances in medicine, including prolongation of life, have constituted several dilemmas at the end of life. In the context of the Belgian debates on end-of-life care, the views of Muslim women remain understudied. The aim of this article is fourfold. First, we seek to describe the beliefs and attitudes of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments. Second, we aim to identify whether differences are observable among middle-aged and elderly women's attitudes toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments...
October 17, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868846/personhood-and-moral-status-of-the-embryo-it-s-effect-on-validity-of-surrogacy-contract-revocation-according-to-shia-jurisprudence-perspective
#6
Saeid Nazari Tavakkoli
Background: One of the most controversial issues related to the human embryo is the determination of the moment when an embryo is considered a human being and acquires a moral status. Although personhood and moral status are frequently mentioned in medical ethics, they are considered interdisciplinary as concepts that shape the debate in medical law (fiqh) since their consequences are influential in the way which the parents and other individuals behave towards the embryo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analytical-descriptive research gathered relevant data in a literature search...
October 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864700/psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-rationale-and-protocol-of-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-a-rural-district-in-bangaladesh
#7
Mohammed Nazim Uddin, Sunil Bhar, Abdullah Al Mahmud, Fakir M Amirul Islam
INTRODUCTION: A significant proportion of the global burden of disease has been attributed to mental and behavioural disorders. People with mental disorders (MDs) have lower levels of health-related quality of life than those without MDs. Several studies have shown that in low-resource countries, a range of social determinants including poor health literacy is critical in the epidemiological transition of disease outcome. There is a lack of evidence of MDs literacy, the prevalence and risk factors of common mental health conditions, or any validated instruments to measure psychological distress or evaluate the quality of life in rural areas of Bangladesh...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775196/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-enat-p-in-ethiopia-protocol
#8
Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Md Atiqul Islam, Nigussie Tadesse Sharew, Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Mulugeta Molla Birhanu, Balewgizie Sileshi Tegegne
INTRODUCTION: Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is the cornerstone of infant and child survival, healthy growth and development, healthy future generations and national development. In spite of the importance of optimal nutrition in low- and middle-income countries, there has been no review conducted in Ethiopia. Thus, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to estimate the national coverage and identify the associated factors of IYCF practices in Ethiopia. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, CINHAL, EBSCO, Web of Science and WHO Global Health Library databases will be searched for all available publications from 1 January 2000 to 30 September 2017...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670524/attitudes-of-infertile-couples-fertility-clinic-staff-and-researchers-toward-personhood-of-the-human-embryo-in-iran
#9
Marjaneh Kayssan, Mahrokh Dolatian, Reza Omani Samani, Saman Maroufizadeh
OBJECTIVE: After the introduction of assisted reproductive techniques, human embryos were officially introduced into laboratories and now thousands of them are cryopreserved in such settings. Embryonic stem cells and the future application of such cells in the treatment of disease opened the door to further research on human embryos. These developments raise many ethical issues, some of which have religious aspects. The main question is: what is the embryo? Should we consider it a human being? Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate attitudes towards the personhood of the embryo...
July 2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607637/the-perceived-stress-and-approach-to-learning-effects-on-academic-performance-among-sudanese-medical-students
#10
Hyder Osman Mirghni, Mohammed Adam Ahmed Elnour
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing awareness of the perceived stress and approach to learning effects on academic achievement. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the educational environment and approach to learning in clinical phase medical students. METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among fifty-nine clinical stage medical students at Omdurman Islamic University (Khartoum, Sudan) during the period from June to August 2016...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276614/adherence-to-confidentiality-principles-from-the-viewpoint-of-iranian-dental-students-a-multicenter-study
#11
A Ghodousi, M Abedzadeh, M Ketabi, Parichehr Zarean, Paridokht Zarean
INTRODUCTION: Confidentiality is a basic ethical principle appreciating human autonomy, relationships, and dignity and in medical research has a long history. In dental practice, it has the same importance as medical field. Therefore, providing patients with information about the confidentiality will promote their confidence in dental professionals and prevent legal conflicts. The present study sought to evaluate the knowledge and viewpoints of dental students about patient confidentiality...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872117/protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-feasibility-trial-evaluating-early-surgery-alone-in-low-rectal-cancer-sailor
#12
Dean A Harris, Kymberley Thorne, Hayley Hutchings, Saiful Islam, Gail Holland, Olivia Hatcher, Sarah Gwynne, Ian Jenkins, Peter Coyne, Michael Duff, Melanie Feldman, Des C Winter, Simon Gollins, Phil Quirke, Nick West, Gina Brown, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Alan Brown, John Beynon
INTRODUCTION: There are 11 500 rectal cancers diagnosed annually in the UK. Although surgery remains the primary treatment, there is evidence that preoperative radiotherapy (RT) improves local recurrence rates. High-quality surgery in rectal cancer is equally important in minimising local recurrence. Advances in MRI-guided prediction of resection margin status and improvements in abdominoperineal excision of the rectum (APER) technique supports a reassessment of the contribution of preoperative RT...
November 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716560/the-perception-and-acceptability-of-pre-slaughter-and-post-slaughter-stunning-for-halal-production-the-views-of-uk-islamic-scholars-and-halal-consumers
#13
Awal Fuseini, Steve B Wotton, Phil J Hadley, Toby G Knowles
The importance of religious slaughter from economic, emotive and ethical viewpoints is significant. There are apparent economic benefits associated with trading in meats slaughtered according to religious traditions. Some religious authorities insist on the slaughter of animals without stunning, but this, according to many researchers, compromises animal welfare. We conducted a survey of Islamic scholars and Halal consumers, 66 scholars from 55 organisations and 314 consumers from 54 UK cities/towns were surveyed...
January 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418832/the-iranian-physicians-attitude-toward-the-do-not-resuscitate-order
#14
Masood Fallahi, Homayion Banaderakhshan, Alireza Abdi, Fariba Borhani, Rasool Kaviannezhad, Hassan Ali Karimpour
BACKGROUND: Physicians are responsible for making decisions about the do not resuscitate (DNR) order of patients; however, most of them are faced with some uncertainty in decision making and ethical aspects. Moreover, there are differences on decision making related to the DNR order among physicians, which may be related to the different attitudes toward this issue. Considering the lack of information, this study was performed to investigate doctors' attitude about DNR order for patients in their final phases of life...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357878/comparing-the-effects-of-cumin-peppermint-and-milk-of-magnesia-on-gastrointestinal-complications-after-caesarean-section
#15
Maryam Tofighi Niaki, Zoleykha Atarod, Shabnam Omidvar, Mandana Zafari, Azar Aghamohammadi, Tahereh Asadi, Taiebeh Rastegar
CONTEXT: Gastrointestinal problems are common after Cesarean section. During the past three decades, there has been an increasing trend in the use of herbal plants in the treatment of various medical conditions. AIMS: This study aimed to compare the effects of cumin, peppermint with magnesium hydroxide (milk of magnesia; MOM) on gastrointestinal complications of Caesarean section. SETTINGS & DESIGN: This randomized double-blind controlled trial was conducted in the Gynecology and Obstetrics Department of Imam Hospital (affiliated to Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran) during November 2013-August 2014...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234477/ethical-assessment-of-human-embryonic-stem-cell-research-according-to-turkish-muslim-scholars-first-critical-analysis-and-some-reflections
#16
Ahmet Karakaya, Ilhan Ilkilic
BACKGROUND: Turkey, with a Muslim population of officially over 99 %, is one of the few secular states in the Muslim world. Although state institutions are not based on Islamic juridical and ethical norms, the latter play a significant role in defining people's attitudes towards controversial issues in the modern world, especially when backed by opinions of Muslim scholars living in Turkey. Accordingly, opinions of Muslim scholars undoubtedly have an important effect on bioethical decisions made by institutions and individuals...
August 2016: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145944/theories-and-modules-applied-in-islamic-counseling-practices-in-malaysia
#17
Norazlina Zakaria, Noor Shakirah Mat Akhir
Some Malaysian scholars believe that the theoretical basis and models of intervention in Islamic counseling practices in Malaysia are deficient and not eminently identified. This study investigated and describes the nature of current Islamic counseling practices including the theories and modules of Islamic counseling that are been practiced in Malaysia. This qualitative research has employed data that mainly consist of texts gathered from literatures and semi-structured interviews of 18 informants. It employed grounded theory analysis, and the result shows that most of the practitioners had applied integrated conventional counseling theories with Islamic rituals, references, interventions and ethics...
April 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993318/regional-comparison-of-enteral-nutrition-related-admission-policies-in-skilled-nursing-facilities
#18
Marissa Burgermaster, Eoin Slattery, Nafeesa Islam, Paul R Ippolito, David S Seres
BACKGROUND: Nursing home admission policies are one driver of increased and earlier gastrostomy placement, a procedure that is not always medically or ethically indicated among patients needing short-term nutrition support. This important clinical decision should be based upon patient prognosis, goals, and needs. We compared nursing home enteral nutrition-related admission policies in New York City and other regions of the United States. We also explored motivations for these policies...
June 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936124/the-saudi-law-of-ethics-of-research-on-living-creatures-and-its-implementing-regulations
#19
Ghiath Alahmad
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia passed a Law and Implementing Regulations of Ethics of Research on Living Creatures in 14/09/1431 Hijri (24/08/2010). We have performed an ethical analysis of this law and, accordingly, this paper discusses the major components, key strengths, and weaknesses of this law. The Saudi system considers Islamic Shariah in addition to international research ethics guidelines. The Law and its Implementing Regulations contain all ethical requirements for research. We conclude that this law can serve as an example, not only for other Arab countries in the region that have similar values and social structure to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, but also for other Islamic countries...
August 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908043/nurses-care-practices-at-the-end-of-life-in-intensive-care-units-in-bahrain
#20
Catherine S O'Neill, Maryam Yaqoob, Sumaya Faraj, Carla L O'Neill
BACKGROUND: The process of dying in intensive care units is complex as the technological environment shapes clinical decisions. Decisions at the end of life require the involvement of patient, families and healthcare professionals. The degree of involvement can vary depending on the professional and social culture of the unit. Nurses have an important role to play in caring for dying patients and their families; however, their knowledge is not always sought. OBJECTIVES: This study explored nurses' care practices at the end of life, with the objective of describing and identifying end of life care practices that nurses contribute to, with an emphasis on culture, religious experiences and professional identity...
February 22, 2016: Nursing Ethics
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