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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936591/awards-from-the-society-for-pediatric-radiology-annual-meeting-and-categorical-course-vancouver-bc-canada-may-16-to-may-20-2017
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936590/pediatric-radiology-continuing-medical-education-activity
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927978/approaching-zero-implications-of-a-computed-tomography-reduction-program-for-pediatric-appendicitis-evaluation
#3
K Tinsley Anderson, Marisa Bartz-Kurycki, Mary T Austin, Akemi Kawaguchi, Susan D John, Lillian S Kao, KuoJen Tsao
PURPOSE: Because of awareness of iatrogenic radiation exposure, there is a national trend of diminishing computed tomography (CT) use for pediatric suspected appendicitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a CT reduction program for evaluation of appendicitis. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group (emergency medicine, radiology, and surgery) at a children's hospital developed a reduction program which included: ultrasound (U/S) first (2012), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) second (2014), and standardized U/S reports (2016)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926508/racial-ethnic-variation-in-emergency-department-care-for-children-with-asthma
#4
Heather G Zook, Nathaniel R Payne, Susan E Puumala, Katherine M Ziegler, Anupam B Kharbanda
OBJECTIVE: To assess the variation between racial/ethnic groups in emergency department (ED) treatment of asthma for pediatric patients. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional analysis of pediatric (2-18 years) asthma visits among 6 EDs in the Upper Midwest between June 2011 and May 2012. We used mixed-effects logistic regression to assess the odds of receiving steroids, radiology tests, and returning to the ED within 30 days. We conducted a subanalysis of asthma visits where patients received at least 1 albuterol treatment in the ED...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926505/do-all-clavicle-fractures-in-children-need-to-be-managed-by-orthopedic-surgeons
#5
John Adamich, Andrew Howard, Mark Camp
OBJECTIVES: Although many uncomplicated pediatric fractures do not require routine long-term follow-up with an orthopedic surgeon, practitioners with limited experience dealing with pediatric fractures will often defer to a strategy of frequent clinical and radiographic follow-up. Development of an evidence-based clinical care pathway can help unnecessary radiation exposure to this patient population and reduce costs to patient families and the health care system. METHODS: A retrospective analysis including patients who presented to the Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) for management of clavicle fractures was performed...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922191/acr-spr-str-practice-parameter-for-the-performance-of-cardiac-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-pet-ct-imaging
#6
Rathan M Subramaniam, Warren R Janowitz, Geoffrey B Johnson, Martin A Lodge, Marguerite T Parisi, Mark R Ferguson, Jeffrey C Hellinger, Gregory W Gladish, Narainder K Gupta
This clinical practice parameter has been developed collaboratively by the American College of Radiology (ACR), the Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR), and the Society of Thoracic Radiology (STR). This document is intended to act as a guide for physicians performing and interpreting positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) of cardiac diseases in adults and children. The primary value of cardiac PET/CT imaging include evaluation of perfusion, function, viability, inflammation, anatomy, and risk stratification for cardiac-related events such as myocardial infarction and death...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921047/child-dermoid-cyst-mimicking-a-craniopharyngioma-the-benefit-of-mri-t2-weighted-diffusion-sequence
#7
Aymeric Amelot, Alin Borha, Raphael Calmon, Patrick Barbet, Stephanie Puget
BACKGROUND: Brain dermoid cysts are very rare lesions. Although benign, these cysts may be associated with devastating complications due to mass effect or meningitis. The discovery of completely asymptomatic dermoid cysts in the pediatric population is exceedingly rare. Despite the advances in imaging modalities, it sometimes remains difficult to exclude the differential diagnosis of craniopharyngioma. CASE REPORT: We describe a 12-year-old boy addressed for suspicion of craniopharyngioma diagnosed by decreased visual acuity, bitemporal hemianopia and a CT scan showing a large hypodense suprasellar lesion with intralesional calcifications...
September 18, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920107/supporting-families-in-reviewing-and-communicating-about-radiology-imaging-studies
#8
Matthew K Hong, Clayton Feustel, Meeshu Agnihotri, Max Silverman, Stephen F Simoneaux, Lauren Wilcox
Diagnostic radiology reports are increasingly being made available to patients and their family members. However, these reports are not typically comprehensible to lay recipients, impeding effective communication about report findings. In this paper, we present three studies informing the design of a prototype to foster patient-clinician communication about radiology report content. First, analysis of questions posted in online health forums helped us identify patients' information needs. Findings from an elicitation study with seven radiologists provided necessary domain knowledge to guide prototype design...
May 2, 2017: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920017/esophageal-atresia-with-tracheo-esophageal-fistula-presenting-beyond-7-days
#9
Nilesh Nagdeve, Mohini Sukhdeve, Tushar Thakre, Suresh Morey
AIM: To describe our experience of neonates with esophageal atresia with tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA with TEF) who presented after a week. DESIGN: Retrospective study of the patients of EA with TEF who presented after a week. STUDY SETTING: Department of Pediatric Surgery, Government Medical College Nagpur. Study Duration: Eight years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic information, hematological, biochemical and radiological data were obtained from the patients' medical records...
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916852/pediatric-head-trauma-an-extensive-review-on-imaging-requisites-and-unique-imaging-findings
#10
REVIEW
F C Sarioglu, H Sahin, Y Pekcevik, O Sarioglu, O Oztekin
The effects of trauma in children are different due to association with some anatomical and physiological differences compared with adults. The role of neuroimaging gains importance in early detection of traumatic brain injuries and prevention of secondary post-traumatic complications. Many algorithms are described for children with head trauma to decide the necessity of a computed tomography scan. The aims of this article are to describe differences of these algorithms, the mechanism of traumatic brain injury with radiological imaging findings in the pediatric population, and explain complications of undiagnosed traumatic brain lesions...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916590/us-emergency-department-trends-in-imaging-for-pediatric-nontraumatic-abdominal-pain
#11
Lauren M Niles, Monika K Goyal, Gia M Badolato, James M Chamberlain, Joanna S Cohen
OBJECTIVES: To describe national emergency department (ED) trends in computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound imaging for the evaluation of pediatric nontraumatic abdominal pain from 2007 through 2014. METHODS: We used data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey to measure trends in CT and ultrasound use among children with nontraumatic abdominal pain. We performed multivariable logistic regression to measure the strength of the association of ED type (pediatric versus general ED) with CT and ultrasound use adjusting for potential confounding variables...
September 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914343/image-guided-percutaneous-removal-of-ballistic-foreign-bodies-secondary-to-air-gun-injuries
#12
Jacob L Rothermund, Andrew J Rabe, Nicholas A Zumberge, James W Murakami, Patrick S Warren, Mark J Hogan
BACKGROUND: Ballistic injuries with retained foreign bodies from air guns is a relatively common problem, particularly in children and adolescents. If not removed in a timely fashion, the foreign bodies can result in complications, including pain and infection. Diagnostic methods to identify the presence of the foreign body run the entire gamut of radiology, particularly radiography, ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT). Removal of the foreign bodies can be performed by primary care, emergency, surgical, and radiologic clinicians, with or without imaging guidance...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913320/pediatric-orbital-medial-wall-trapdoor-fracture-with-normal-computed-tomography-findings
#13
Hyun Rok Lee, Gyu Yong Jung, Dong Lark Lee, Hea Kyeong Shin
With advances in diagnostic technology, radiologic diagnostic methods have been used more frequently, and physical examination may be neglected. The authors report a case of pediatric medial orbital trapdoor fracture in which the surgery was delayed because computed tomography (CT) findings did not indicate bone displacement, incarceration of rectus muscle, or soft tissue herniation. A healthy 6-year-old boy was admitted to the emergency room for right eyebrow laceration. We could not check eyeball movement or diplopia, because the patient was irritable...
June 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904923/congenital-cyst-adenoid-malformation-masquerading-as-bronchial-asthma
#14
Jagdish Prasad Goyal, Shishir Jindal, Mayank Mishra, Bhanu Kiran Bhakhri
Congenital cyst adenoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare congenital malformation occurring in approximately 1-4 in 100,000 births. It is classified into five subtypes with type 1 CCAM is most common subtype. The diagnosis of CCAM is usually made in infancy, and it is rare in adolescents and adults. We report a 15-year-old female, who presented in pediatric outpatient department with a history of recurrent cough since infancy. On the basis of clinical examination, provisional diagnosis of asthma was considered and patient was started on inhaled corticosteroid and long-term β2 agonist...
July 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902390/outcomes-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-hodgkin-lymphoma-treated-on-us-cooperative-group-protocols-an-adult-intergroup-e2496-and-children-s-oncology-group-cog-ahod0031-comparative-analysis
#15
Tara O Henderson, Susan K Parsons, Kristen E Wroblewski, Lu Chen, Fangxin Hong, Sonali M Smith, Jennifer L McNeer, Ranjana H Advani, Randy D Gascoyne, Louis S Constine, Sandra Horning, Nancy L Bartlett, Bijal Shah, Joseph M Connors, John I Leonard, Brad S Kahl, Kara M Kelly, Cindy L Schwartz, Hongli Li, Jonathan W Friedberg, Debra L Friedman, Leo I Gordon, Andrew M Evens
BACKGROUND: There is no clear consensus between pediatric and adult providers about the treatment of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). METHODS: Failure-free survival (FFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared between 114 patients ages 17 to 21 years with HL who were treated on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-American College of Radiology Imaging Network Intergroup adult E2496 study and 391 similarly patients ages 17 to 21 years with HL who were treated on the pediatric Children's Oncology Group (COG) AHOD0031 study...
September 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901637/pet-ct-versus-bone-marrow-biopsy-in-the-initial-evaluation-of-bone-marrow-infiltration-in-various-pediatric-malignancies
#16
Claudia P Zapata, Branko Cuglievan, Catalina M Zapata, Raquel Olavarrieta, Scott Raskin, Kavita Desai, Guillermo De Angulo
Accurate staging is essential in the prognosis and management of pediatric malignancies. Current protocols require screening for marrow infiltration with bone marrow biopsy (BMB) as the gold standard. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) is commonly used to complete the staging process and can also be used to evaluate marrow infiltration. OBJECTIVE: To compare PET-CT and BMB in the initial evaluation of bone marrow infiltration in pediatric cancers. DESIGN/METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed new cases of EWS, rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, and lymphoma diagnosed between January 2009 and October 2014...
September 13, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899859/development-of-a-surveillance-system-for-pediatric-hospital-acquired-venous-thromboembolism
#17
Laura H Brower, Erin E Shaughnessy, Ranjit S Chima
BACKGROUND: Pediatric hospital-acquired (HA) venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a vexing problem with improvement efforts hampered by lack of robust surveillance methods to establish accurate rates of HA-VTE. METHODS: At a freestanding children's hospital, a multidisciplinary team worked to develop a comprehensive surveillance strategy for HA-VTE. Starting with diagnosis codes, we implemented complementary detection methods, including clinical and radiology data, to develop a robust surveillance system...
September 12, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898318/-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report
#18
Catalina Mesa Muñoz, Sara Elena Cardona Correa, Carlos Garcés Samudio, Jaime Toro Uribe
INTRODUCTION: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a very rare disease, of unknown origin that affects primarily the metaphysis of long bones. It is characterized by an insidious onset of symptoms and multiple remissions. The chronicity of symptoms, the diagnostic imaging and the lack of response to first line antibiotic treatment, should be helpful for diagnostic. OBJECTIVE: Present a clinical case, based on clinical, laboratory, radiologic imaging and histopathological results, that ultimately led to the diagnostic of CRMO...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894549/predictive-value-of-copeptin-as-a-severity-marker-of-community-acquired-pneumonia
#19
Gamal Baheeg Mohamed, Madeha Abdellah Saed, Abdelhakeem Abdelmohsen Abdelhakeem, Kalid Salah, Abdelrahman Mamdouh Saed
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the leading cause of death in children. Few studies have explored the predictive value of copeptin in pediatric pneumonia. AIM: This study aimed to assess the role of copeptin as a marker of severity of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: This prospective case-control study was carried out at Minia University Children's Hospital in Minia (Egypt) from January to December 2016. Eighty children aged from 2 months to 42 months were enrolled in this study and were classified into group 1 (40 children with clinical, laboratory and radiological evidence of pneumonia) and group 2 (40 apparently healthy control)...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888715/acute-traumatic-rupture-of-the-patellar-tendon-in-pediatric-population-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Mohamed Abdelhamid Ali Yousef, Scott Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Intact knee extensor mechanism is required for the normal function of the lower extremity. Patellar tendon rupture is a relatively rare injury with peak age incidence around 40 years and usually occurs midsubstance. The occurrence of pure patellar tendon rupture without bony avulsion is an extremely rare injury in the pediatric population with few cases reported in the literature with limited information regarding frequency, complications, and outcomes in children. However, due to increased participation in sports and high-energy recreational activities during childhood, the frequency of such injuries has progressively increased...
September 1, 2017: Injury
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