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Ali S Haider, Christopher S Graffeo, Avital Perry, Lucas P Carlstrom, Terry C Burns
Insular gliomas were previously considered inoperable lesions and were typically treated via biopsy, chemotherapy and/or radiation, if not observation alone. Stereotactic biopsies of low grade insular gliomas can underestimate tumor grade or fail to establish malignancy. Moreover, the survival advantages of maximal safe resection for insular lesions are increasingly being recognized. As such, early surgical resection is increasingly being performed. As with most lesions, a differential diagnosis exists for apparent insular gliomas, with definitive diagnosis generally obtained upon resection...
January 11, 2018: Curēus
Alex R Paciorkowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
Meira Mahmoud Yasin
It has been said that those with the least are often the ones with the most to give. This proved to be true for a Syrian refugee turned cardiologist who provides care in communities that are poor and underserved including refugees, immigrants, minorities, those of low socioeconomic status, and other vulnerable populations. Dr. Heval Kelli is the epitome of a kind-hearted, humble, genuine hero, through his dedication to serving humanity. Between providing health care to those in need, educating future generations of doctors, mentoring high school students, and advocating for the less fortunate, his life is truly his message to the world...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Suryatapa Ghosh Jha, Emily R Larson, Jordan Humble, David S Domozych, David S Barrington, Mary L Tierney
The large retromer complex participates in diverse endosomal trafficking pathways and is essential for plant developmental programs including cell polarity, programmed cell death, and shoot gravitropism in Arabidopsis. Here we demonstrate that an evolutionarily conserved VPS26 protein (VPS26C; At1G48550) functions in a complex with VPS35A and VPS29 necessary for root hair growth in Arabidopsis. Bimolecular Fluorescence Complementation showed that VPS26C forms a complex with VPS35A in the presence of VPS29 and this is supported by genetic studies showing that vps29 and vps35a mutants exhibit altered root hair growth...
March 1, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Michael Tirant, Torello Lotti, Serena Gianfaldoni, Georgi Tchernev, Uwe Wollina, Philip Bayer
From humble beginnings at the dawn of time to it's advanced and successful status today, this essay traces the history of natural medicine and the development of integrated dermatology to what it is today. Some of the most well-known natural (international and Australian) products with an application in dermatology are discussed. The history and functions of the Psoriasis Eczema Clinic and the products developed by its founder, Prof. Michael Tirant, are explained.
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Stephen S Humble, Laura D Wilson, Li Wang, Drew A Long, Miya A Smith, Jonathan C Siktberg, Mina F Mirhoseini, Aashim Bhatia, Sumit Pruthi, Matthew A Day, Susanne Muehlschlegel, Mayur B Patel
BACKGROUND: Determine the prognostic impact of MRI-defined DAI after TBI on functional outcomes, quality of life, and 3-year mortality. METHODS: This retrospective single center cohort included adult trauma patients (age>17y) admitted from 2006-2012 with TBI. Inclusion criteria were positive head CT with brain MRI within 2 weeks of admission. Exclusion criteria included penetrating TBI or prior neurologic condition. Separate ordinal logistic models assessed DAI's prognostic value for following scores: 1)hospital-discharge Functional Independence Measure (FIM); 2)long-term Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOSE); and 3)long-term Quality of Life after Brain Injury-Overall Scale (QOLIBRI-OS)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Shady Farah
Carrier-free drug eluting stents (DES) based crystalline coatings are gaining prominence due to their function, skipping many limitations and clinical complications of the currently marketed DES. However, their usage has been humbled by crystalline coating inflexibility, limited mechanical and physical properties. This study reports for the first time a protective top coating development for enhancing crystalline coating merits and delivery capabilities. Flexible and water soluble polysaccharide top coating was developed and applied onto Rapamycin (RM) crystalline carpet...
February 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Carmen Criscitiello, Giulia Viale, Giuseppe Curigliano, Aron Goldhirsch
Alteration of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway is key for the growth and survival of several cancers, including breast cancer. In addition, dysregulation of PI3K signaling may contribute to resistance to several anticancer agents. PI3K inhibitors may, therefore, be effective as antineoplastic therapy. Buparlisib is a potent and highly specific oral inhibitor of the pan-class I PI3K family. Buparlisib specifically inhibits class I PIK3 in the PI3K/AKT kinase signaling pathway in an ATP-competitive manner, thus inhibiting the production of the secondary messenger phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate and activation of the PI3K signaling pathway...
2018: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
Robyn Rubenstein, Scott W Cowan, Charles J Yeo, John W Entwistle
René Gerónimo Favaloro prided himself on being a "simple country doctor." Born in La Plata, Argentina, Dr. Favaloro had an interest in Argentina's sociopolitical and healthcare systems beginning at a young age. He began his medical education at La Universidad Nacional de La Plata, graduating in 1949 with plans to continue his medical education in the field of surgery; however, in 1950, Dr. Favaloro temporarily resigned from his position as a surgeon to work as a country doctor in a small province of La Pampa, Argentina...
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Pungavi Kailainathan, Stephen Humble, Helen Dawson, Fiona Cameron, Shyam Gokani, Gursimren Lidder
Inconsistencies in the availability and quality of pain service provision have been noted nationally, as have lengthy waiting times for appointments and lack of awareness of the Pain Clinic role. The 2013 NHS England report stated that specialist pain services must offer multispecialty and multidisciplinary pain clinics. This national survey of multidisciplinary pain service provision in the United Kingdom and Ireland provides a snapshot of pain service provision in order to review and highlight what variations exist in multidisciplinary team (MDT) provision and working patterns...
February 2018: British Journal of Pain
Peter McKavanagh, George Zawadowski, Naveed Ahmed, Michael Kutryk
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is 40 years old this year. From its humble beginnings of experimental work, PCI has transitioned over years with coronary artery stenting now a standard medical procedure performed throughout the world. Areas covered: The conversion from plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) to the present era of drug eluting stents (DES) has been driven by many technological advances and large bodies of clinical trial evidence. The journey to present day practice has seen many setbacks, such as acute vessel closure with POBA; rates of instant restenosis with bare metal stents (BMS) and more recently, high rates of stent thrombosis with bioabsorbable platforms...
January 30, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Kayvan Zainabadi
Over the last few decades, ageing research has emerged as a vibrant area of rigorous scientific study. With its humble beginnings in yeast and worms, the field has progressed so dramatically that scientists are now able to extend the lifespan of mice with use of small molecule drugs. However, it was not too long ago that answering the more basic question, whether ageing itself was amenable to scientific study, was itself a topic of contentious debate. To begin to understand how a field that was initially thought of as pseudoscience has come so far, it is instructive to understand its roots in both theory and practice...
January 17, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Nilan T Jacob
Over the years, the pharmaceutical industry has been at the forefront of research and innovation in drug discovery and development. The process of drug discovery extending from pre-clinical studies to multi-centric clinical trials and post-marketing phase is a costly affair running into billions of dollars. On the flip side, not all investigational molecules clear the trial phases and get approved; which puts pressure on the manufacturers to maximise the profit from approved drugs. It is in this key area, the practice of drug promotion plays its role...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
J Nightingale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Radiography
Robert Burgess, Robert Davis, Deborah Edwards
Uptake of lead from soil was examined in order to establish a site-specific ecological protective concentration level for the Texas Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum) at the Former Humble Refinery in San Antonio, Texas. Soils, harvester ants, and rinse water from the ants were analyzed at 11 Texas Harvester Ant (Pogonomyrmex barbatus) mounds. Soil concentrations at the harvester ant mounds ranged from 13 to 7474 mg/kg of lead dry weight. Ant tissue sample concentrations ranged from < 0.82 to 21.17 mg/kg dry weight...
January 5, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
Upasana Goswami, Praneet Singh
The Montgomery T-tube poses a challenge to anesthesiologists because of loss of anesthetic gases through the open proximal end of the vertical limb and lack of standard anesthesia circuit connectors. Here, we present a case of a 25-year-old woman with a reported history of accidental strangulation 18 months previously. The patient had a metallic tracheostomy tube in situ due to the development of tracheal stenosis. Computed tomography showed significant narrowing in a 7-8-mm segment, 2 cm proximal to the tracheostomy tube in situ...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Kristi L Lockhart, Mariel K Goddu, Frank C Keil
Four studies explored developmental changes in attitudes toward boasting. Overall, 5- to 7-year-olds (N = 130) were more likely than 8- to 11-year-olds (N = 126) and adults (N = 263) to view characters who boasted about valued traits as likable. In Study 1, younger children, unlike the older participants, liked and morally valued boasters who were accurate about their boasts. Justifications suggested the 5- to 7-year-olds perceived the boaster as sharing knowledge and being potentially helpful. No age group liked boasters who misrepresented themselves...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
D L Palmquist, T C Jenkins
Over 100 years, the Journal of Dairy Science has recorded incredible changes in the utilization of fat for dairy cattle. Fat has progressed from nothing more than a contaminant in some protein supplements to a valuable high-energy substitute for cereal grains, a valuable energy source in its own right, and a modifier of cellular metabolism that is under active investigation in the 21st century. Milestones in the use of fats for dairy cattle from 1917 to 2017 result from the combined efforts of noted scientists and industry personnel worldwide, with much of the research published in Journal of Dairy Science...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Basil H Aboul-Enein, William C Puddy, Joshua Bernstein
Culturally congruent dietary patterns have evolved with geographic and societal traditions and can be traced as far back as pre-Hellenistic Greece. Today, the modern Mediterranean diet (MDiet) is recognized internationally as an anti-obesogenic cardioprotective dietary model consisting of plant-based foods native to the Mediterranean basin, fish, olive oil, and an active lifestyle. With the assumption that obesity and heart disease rates adversely affected life expectancy, the MDiet was identified by Dr Ancel Keys as a primary characteristic among people-groups largely immune to these trends...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
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