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Nicolina E Savvaidou, Lazaros C Triarhou
Professor Emil Redlich (1866-1930) of the University of Vienna was born 150 years ago. Raised in a humble environment, he became an eminent researcher and neurology scholar, and succeeded in laying some of the key foundations of neuroanatomy and neuropathology. His name is linked to medical eponyms that define the dorsal root entry zone into the spinal cord, epidemic disseminated encephalomyelitis, narcolepsy, senile plaques and dementia. As its first director, he managed to organize the Maria-Theresien-Schlössel into a first-class neuropsychiatric hospital...
October 21, 2016: European Neurology
Christopher J Long, Douglas A Canning
Hypospadias surgery is a humbling art form. The evolution of surgical techniques has made distal hypospadias outcomes favorable, but recent publications suggest that our complication rates for proximal hypospadias are much higher than previously reported. To explain these shortcomings, we examine the literature and focus on the lack of standardized documentation, the subsequent inability to objectify the severity of the phenotype, and the underestimation of complications due to lack of long-term follow up. The variability in surgical technique and the fact that the literature abounds with small case series from single institutions also limits our ability to compare outcomes...
2016: F1000Research
Stephen S Humble, Laura D Wilson, John W McKenna, Taylor C Leath, Yanna Song, Mario A Davidson, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Oscar D Guillamondegui, Pratik P Pandharipande, Mayur B Patel
OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors associated with tracheostomy placement after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and subsequent outcomes among those who did and did not receive a tracheostomy. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared adult trauma patients with severe TBI (n = 583) who did and did not receive tracheostomy. A multivariable logistic regression model assessed the associations between age, sex, race, insurance status, admission GCS, AIS (Head, Face, Chest) and tracheostomy placement...
October 14, 2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Oliver Hochadel
The Sierra de Atapuerca in northern Spain is ranked among the most important excavation sites in human origins research worldwide. The project boasts not only spectacular hominid fossils, among them the 'oldest European', but also a fully fledged 'popularization industry'. This article interprets this multimedia industry as a generator of different narratives about the researchers as well as about the prehistoric hominids of Atapuerca. It focuses on the popular works of the three co-directors of the project...
September 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
Sandi Berwick, Áine Humble
Seven women (43 to 64 years old) who had negative or mixed emotions about having Botox and/or facial filler injections to the face to reduce signs of aging were interviewed about the impact of the procedures. Impacts ranged from disappointment to all-encompassing, lingering physical and psychological effects, and some women felt abandoned by the medical industrial complex when they turned to it for help with their symptoms. A feminist phenomenological analysis focused on corporeal, temporal, and relational existential modes of being...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
Gregory A Aarons, Mark G Ehrhart, Elisa M Torres, Natalie K Finn, Rinad S Beidas
OBJECTIVES: Discrepancies, or perceptual distance, between leaders' self-ratings and followers' ratings of the leader are common but usually go unrecognized. Research on discrepancies is limited, but there is evidence that discrepancies are associated with organizational context. This study examined the association of leader-follower discrepancies in Implementation Leadership Scale (ILS) ratings of mental health clinic leaders and the association of those discrepancies with organizational climate for involvement and performance feedback...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
P C Barnhoorn
A good physician is a humble physician. Humility can be defined as the middle ground between meekness and vanity, or the insight that what we know and what we are capable of is incomplete. This insight is needed to develop a realistic self-image and to prevent unprofessional behaviour among doctors.
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Travis S Humble, M Nance Ericson, Jacek Jakowski, Jingsong Huang, Charles Britton, Franklin G Curtis, Eugene F Dumitrescu, Fahd A Mohiyaddin, Bobby G Sumpter
Developing devices that can reliably and accurately demonstrate the principles of superposition and entanglement is an on-going challenge for the quantum computing community. Modeling and simulation offer attractive means of testing early device designs and establishing expectations for operational performance. However, the complex integrated material systems required by quantum device designs are not captured by any single existing computational modeling method. We examine the development and analysis of a multi-staged computational workflow that can be used to design and characterize silicon donor qubit systems with modeling and simulation...
September 19, 2016: Nanotechnology
Roy S K Walker, Yizhi Cai
The Sc2.0 project is perhaps the largest synthetic biology project in the public domain, and ultimately aims to construct a new version of the humble brewer's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Each year, the Sc2.0 consortium gather to discuss progress in this ambitious project and highlight new developments at the forefront of synthetic genome engineering. This viewpoint summarizes some of the key moments of the 2016 conference, including updates on the Sc2.0 project itself, mammalian synthetic biology, DNA assembly automation, HGP-Write and a panel discussion on the social and ethical perspectives of synthetic biology...
September 16, 2016: ACS Synthetic Biology
Joshua D Rosenblat, Roger S McIntyre
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) mixed features specifier provides a less restrictive definition of mixed mood states, compared to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR), including mood episodes that manifest with subthreshold symptoms of the opposite mood state. A limited number of studies have assessed the efficacy of treatments specifically for DSM-5-defined mixed features in mood disorders. As such, there is currently an inadequate amount of data to appropriately inform evidence-based treatment guidelines of DSM-5 defined mixed features...
September 15, 2016: CNS Spectrums
Adam G Ciezarek, Luke T Dunning, Catherine S Jones, Leslie R Noble, Emily Humble, Sergio S Stefanni, Vincent Savolainen
Despite 400-450 million years of independent evolution, a strong phenotypic convergence has occurred between two groups of fish: tunas and lamnid sharks. This convergence is characterized by centralization of red muscle, a distinctive swimming style (stiffened body powered through tail movements) and elevated body temperature (endothermy). Furthermore, both groups demonstrate elevated white muscle metabolic capacities. All these traits are unusual in fish and more likely evolved to support their fast-swimming, pelagic, predatory behavior...
October 5, 2016: Genome Biology and Evolution
Emily Humble, Michael A S Thorne, Jaume Forcada, Joseph I Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) discovery is an important goal of many studies. However, the number of 'putative' SNPs discovered from a sequence resource may not provide a reliable indication of the number that will successfully validate with a given genotyping technology. For this it may be necessary to account for factors such as the method used for SNP discovery and the type of sequence data from which it originates, suitability of the SNP flanking sequences for probe design, and genomic context...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Lucy Peters, Emily Humble, Nicole Kröcker, Birgit Fuchs, Jaume Forcada, Joseph I Hoffman
Although the genetic basis of color variation has been extensively studied in humans and domestic animals, the genetic polymorphisms responsible for different color morphs remain to be elucidated in many wild vertebrate species. For example, hypopigmentation has been observed in numerous marine mammal species but the underlying mutations have not been identified. A particularly compelling candidate gene for explaining color polymorphism is the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R), which plays a key role in the regulation of pigment production...
August 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Kristina M Cammen, Kimberly R Andrews, Emma L Carroll, Andrew D Foote, Emily Humble, Jane I Khudyakov, Marie Louis, Michael R McGowen, Morten Tange Olsen, Amy M Van Cise
The dramatic increase in the application of genomic techniques to non-model organisms (NMOs) over the past decade has yielded numerous valuable contributions to evolutionary biology and ecology, many of which would not have been possible with traditional genetic markers. We review this recent progression with a particular focus on genomic studies of marine mammals, a group of taxa that represent key macroevolutionary transitions from terrestrial to marine environments and for which available genomic resources have recently undergone notable rapid growth...
November 2016: Journal of Heredity
Emmet Hirsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Stephen S Humble, Laura D Wilson, Taylor C Leath, Matthew D Marshall, Daniel Z Sun, Pratik P Pandharipande, Mayur B Patel
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively describe the use of dexmedetomidine in a single institutional series of adult ICU patients with severe TBI. This study describes the dexmedetomidine dosage and infusion times, as well as the physiological parameters, neurological status and daily narcotic requirements before, during and after dexmedetomidine infusion. METHODS: This study identified 85 adult patients with severe TBI who received dexmedetomidine infusions in the Trauma ICU at Vanderbilt University Medical Center between 2006-2010...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Jonathan S Silver, Jennifer Kearley, Alan M Copenhaver, Caroline Sanden, Michiko Mori, Li Yu, Gretchen Harms Pritchard, Aaron A Berlin, Christopher A Hunter, Russell Bowler, Jonas S Erjefalt, Roland Kolbeck, Alison A Humbles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2016: Nature Immunology
Yoichiro Ohne, Jonathan S Silver, LuAnn Thompson-Snipes, Magalie A Collet, Jean Philippe Blanck, Brandi L Cantarel, Alan M Copenhaver, Alison A Humbles, Yong-Jun Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2016: Nature Immunology
Eivind Meland, John Brodersen
In this paper, we offer a perspective on complementarity, acknowledging that it is not possible for human perception and cognition to grasp reality with unambiguous concepts or theories. Therefore, multiple concepts and perspectives are valid when they are not exaggerated beyond reasonable limits and do not claim exclusive validity. We recommend a humble stance enabling respectful dialogue between different perspectives in medical science and practice. KEY POINTS No single perspective in clinical or scientific medicine can exhaustively explain medical phenomena...
September 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
K A Eaton, H A Lloyd, M Wheeler, J Sullivan, C Klass, Y Allen, S Lambert-Humble
Objective This pilot study aimed to produce and evaluate training resources and training in oral health care, including oral hygiene, for carers in care homes in Surrey and Medway.Methods During two training days, for carers from these homes, short, interactive presentations were given on a range of topics relevant to oral health care and oral hygiene of older people, followed by practical training. Prior to any training all attendees completed a 39 question questionnaire to establish their baseline knowledge of oral health and hygiene...
July 8, 2016: British Dental Journal
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