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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350769/gait-training-with-visual-feedback-and-proprioceptive-input-to-reduce-gait-asymmetry-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-series
#1
Ilana Levin, Michael D Lewek, Jeff Feasel, Deborah E Thorpe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case series was to investigate the feasibility of using visual feedback on gait asymmetry during gait retraining and whether this leads to reduced asymmetry, improvement in gait speed, cost of walking, and dynamic balance in ambulant adults with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Five adults with CP, who were ambulatory and had step length or stance time asymmetry, trained for 18 sessions on a split-belt treadmill with concurrent visual feedback from a virtual environment...
April 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346604/blended-learning-educational-format-for-third-year-pediatrics-clinical-rotation
#2
Erik E Langenau, Robert Lee, Marci Fults
CONTEXT: Traditional medical education is shifting to incorporate learning technologies and online educational activities with traditional face-to-face clinical instruction to engage students, especially at remote clinical training sites. OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate the effectiveness of the blended learning format (combining online and face-to-face instruction) for third-year osteopathic medical students during their pediatric rotation. METHODS: Third-year medical students who completed the 4-week clerkship in pediatrics during the 2014-2015 academic year were divided into a standard learning group and a blended learning group with online activities (discussion boards, blogs, virtual patient encounters, narrated video presentations, and online training modules)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343219/simulation-based-training-in-flexible-bronchoscopy-and-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-ebus-tbna-a-systematic-review
#3
Therese Maria Henriette Naur, Philip Mørkeberg Nilsson, Pia Iben Pietersen, Paul Frost Clementsen, Lars Konge
BACKGROUND: The use of simulators in a training programme for technically challenging procedures has the advantages of lowering the risk of patient complications while helping the trainees with the initial part of their learning curve. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of simulation-based training in flexible bronchoscopy and endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS). METHODS: We identified 1,006 publications in the PubMed database and included publications on flexible bronchoscopy below the carina and EBUS involving hands-on simulation-based training...
March 25, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333997/learning-better-by-repetition-or-variation-is-transfer-at-odds-with-task-specific-training
#4
Emmanuel Bonney, Lemke Dorothee Jelsma, Gillian D Ferguson, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman
OBJECTIVE: Transfer of motor skills is the ultimate goal of motor training in rehabilitation practice. In children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), very little is known about how skills are transferred from training situations to real life contexts. In this study we examined the influence of two types of practice on transfer of motor skills acquired in a virtual reality (VR) environment. METHOD: One hundred and eleven children with DCD and their typically developing (TD) peers, aged 6-10 years (M = 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332438/quantitative-structure-activity-relationship-analysis-and-virtual-screening-studies-for-identifying-hdac2-inhibitors-from-known-hdac-bioactive-chemical-libraries
#5
H Pham-The, G Casañola-Martin, K Diéguez-Santana, N Nguyen-Hai, N T Ngoc, L Vu-Duc, H Le-Thi-Thu
Histone deacetylases (HDAC) are emerging as promising targets in cancer, neuronal diseases and immune disorders. Computational modelling approaches have been widely applied for the virtual screening and rational design of novel HDAC inhibitors. In this study, different machine learning (ML) techniques were applied for the development of models that accurately discriminate HDAC2 inhibitors form non-inhibitors. The obtained models showed encouraging results, with the global accuracy in the external set ranging from 0...
March 2017: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331123/development-of-teaching-materials-in-basic-nursing-using-virtual-reality-%C3%AF-ceiling-image-teaching-materials-of-a-hospital-room%C3%AF
#6
Keiko Tsuji, Naomi Iwata, Hiromi Kodama, Tomoko Hagiwara, Kiyako Takai, Maki Matsumoto
It is difficult to understand nursing practically for students who have just started studying nursing, because they cannot imagine the actual medical scene. The authors expect that they can improve nursing learning through experiences in virtual medical environments supported by ICT (information and commnication technology). We developed teaching materials in nursing education, and in a previous study we reported that the use of a virtual hospital was useful for students who had not had medical experience. The aim of the present study was to have students consider the meaning of a hospital room ceiling...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327195/does-rating-the-operation-videos-with-a-checklist-score-improve-the-effect-of-e-learning-for-bariatric-surgical-training-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Javier Rodrigo De La Garza, Karl-Friedrich Kowalewski, Mirco Friedrich, Mona Wanda Schmidt, Thomas Bruckner, Hannes Götz Kenngott, Lars Fischer, Beat-Peter Müller-Stich, Felix Nickel
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic training has become an important part of surgical education. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most common bariatric procedure performed. Surgeons must be well trained prior to operating on a patient. Multimodality training is vital for bariatric surgery. E-learning with videos is a standard approach for training. The present study investigates whether scoring the operation videos with performance checklists improves learning effects and transfer to a simulated operation...
March 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325450/classification-of-nervous-system-withdrawn-and-approved-drugs-with-toxprint-features-via-machine-learning-strategies
#8
Aytun Onay, Melih Onay, Osman Abul
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Early-phase virtual screening of candidate drug molecules plays a key role in pharmaceutical industry from data mining and machine learning to prevent adverse effects of the drugs. Computational classification methods can distinguish approved drugs from withdrawn ones. We focused on 6 data sets including maximum 110 approved and 110 withdrawn drugs for all and nervous system diseases to distinguish approved drugs from withdrawn ones. METHODS: In this study, we used support vector machines (SVMs) and ensemble methods (EMs) such as boosted and bagged trees to classify drugs into approved and withdrawn categories...
April 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323724/ebus-stat-subscore-analysis-to-predict-the-efficacy-and-assess-the-validity-of-virtual-reality-simulation-for-ebus-tbna-training-among-experienced-bronchoscopists
#9
Simone Scarlata, Patrizio Palermo, Piero Candoli, Ariela Tofani, Tommasangelo Petitti, Lorenzo Corbetta
BACKGROUND: Linear endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) represents a pivotal innovation in interventional pulmonology; determining the best approach to guarantee systematic and efficient training is expected to become a main issue in the forthcoming years. Virtual reality simulators have been proposed as potential EBUS-TBNA training instruments, to avoid unskilled beginners practicing directly in real-life settings. A validated and perfected simulation program could be used before allowing beginners to practice on patients...
April 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318742/a-mobile-based-surgical-simulation-application-a-comparative-analysis-of-efficacy-using-a-carpal-tunnel-release%C3%A2-module
#10
Kamil M Amer, Taha Mur, Kamal Amer, Asif M Ilyas
PURPOSE: The utilization of surgical simulation continues to grow in medical training. The TouchSurgery application (app) is a new interactive virtual reality smartphone- or tablet-based app that offers a step-by-step tutorial and simulation for the execution of various operations. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of the app versus traditional teaching modalities utilizing the "Carpal Tunnel Surgery" module. We hypothesized that users of the app would score higher than those using the traditional education medium indicating higher understanding of the steps of surgery...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306682/training-future-anesthesiologists-in-obstetric-care
#11
Mauricio Vasco Ramírez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In order for the obstetric anesthesiologist to become a true perioperative / peripartum physician, a change in formative programs and certification process in anesthesia are needed. RECENT FINDINGS: Anesthesia training programs are migrating to competency based medical education (CBME) worldwide. The traditional model of attending lectures, grand rounds, reading textbooks and journal papers should be complemented by virtual modalities such as massive open online courses or online teaching tools...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302275/3d-vision-accelerates-laparoscopic-proficiency-and-skills-are-transferable-to-2d-conditions-a-randomized-trial
#12
Stine Maya Dreier Sørensen, Lars Konge, Flemming Bjerrum
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy is difficult to master, in part because surgeons operate in a three-dimensional (3D) space guided by two-dimensional (2D) images. This trial explores the effect of 3D vision during a laparoscopic training program, and examine whether it is possible to transfer skills acquired with 3D conditions to 2D conditions. METHODS: We designed a randomized controlled trial where residents (n = 34) were randomized to proficiency-based laparoscopic simulator training under either 3D or 2D conditions...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301512/adaptation-to-random-and-systematic-errors-comparison-of-amputee-and-non-amputee-control-interfaces-with-varying-levels-of-process-noise
#13
Reva E Johnson, Konrad P Kording, Levi J Hargrove, Jonathon W Sensinger
The objective of this study was to understand how people adapt to errors when using a myoelectric control interface. We compared adaptation across 1) non-amputee subjects using joint angle, joint torque, and myoelectric control interfaces, and 2) amputee subjects using myoelectric control interfaces with residual and intact limbs (five total control interface conditions). We measured trial-by-trial adaptation to self-generated errors and random perturbations during a virtual, single degree-of-freedom task with two levels of feedback uncertainty, and evaluated adaptation by fitting a hierarchical Kalman filter model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301203/time-for-considering-the-possibility-that-sleep-plays-no-unique-role-in-motor-memory-consolidation-reply-to-adi-japha-and-karni-2016
#14
Timothy C Rickard, Steven C Pan
The hypothesis that sleep makes a unique contribution to motor memory consolidation has been debated in recent years. In the target article (Pan & Rickard, 2015), we reported results of a comprehensive meta-analysis of the explicit motor sequence learning literature in which evidence was evaluated for both enhanced performance after sleep and stabilization after sleep. After accounting for confounding variables, we found no compelling evidence for either empirical phenomenon, and hence no compelling evidence for sleep-specific consolidation...
April 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299272/three-dimensional-planning-in-craniomaxillofacial-surgery
#15
Josep Rubio-Palau, Alejandra Prieto-Gundin, Asteria Albert Cazalla, Miguel Bejarano Serrano, Gemma Garcia Fructuoso, Francisco Parri Ferrandis, Alejandro Rivera Baró
INTRODUCTION: Three-dimensional (3D) planning in oral and maxillofacial surgery has become a standard in the planification of a variety of conditions such as dental implants and orthognathic surgery. By using custom-made cutting and positioning guides, the virtual surgery is exported to the operating room, increasing precision and improving results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present our experience in the treatment of craniofacial deformities with 3D planning. Software to plan the different procedures has been selected for each case, depending on the procedure (Nobel Clinician, Kodak 3DS, Simplant O&O, Dolphin 3D, Timeus, Mimics and 3-Matic)...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295496/virtual-patients-in-problem-based-learning
#16
Hossam Hamdy, Ayad Al-Moslih, Giulio Tavarnesi, Andrea Laus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290955/dynamic-insights-on-surgical-activity-in-a-new-modern-warfare-the-french-role-2-in-bangui-central-african-republic
#17
Olivier Barbier, Pierre Pasquier, Maelle Racle, Yoann Baudoin, Brice Malgras
INTRODUCTION: In December 2013, France deployed more than 2,000 soldiers in Central African Republic with two main missions, to restore security and to improve the humanitarian situation. The objectives of this article were to analyze the surgical activity of forward surgical teams in Central African Republic over 2 years and to discuss features of training for deployed surgeons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From December 5, 2013, to September 30, 2015, we retrospectively reviewed the electronic surgical database...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282530/effect-of-early-intervention-on-functional-outcome-at-school-age-follow-up-and-process-evaluation-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-infants-at-risk
#18
Elisa G Hamer, Tjitske Hielkema, Arend F Bos, Tineke Dirks, Siebrigje J Hooijsma, Heleen A Reinders-Messelink, Rivka F Toonen, Mijna Hadders-Algra
BACKGROUND: The long-term effect of early intervention in infants at risk for developmental disorders is unclear. The VIP project (n=46, originally) evaluated by means of a randomised controlled trial the effect of the family centred early intervention programme COPCA (Coping with and Caring for infants with special needs) in comparison to that of traditional infant physiotherapy (TIP). AIMS: To evaluate the effect of early intervention on functional outcome at school age...
March 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281111/validation-of-the-mobile-serious-game-application-touch-surgery%C3%A2-for-cognitive-training-and-assessment-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#19
Karl-Friedrich Kowalewski, Jonathan D Hendrie, Mona W Schmidt, Tanja Proctor, Sai Paul, Carly R Garrow, Hannes G Kenngott, Beat P Müller-Stich, Felix Nickel
BACKGROUND: Touch Surgery(™) (TS) is a serious gaming application for cognitive task simulation and rehearsal of key steps in surgical procedures. The aim was to establish face, content, and construct validity of TS for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Furthermore, learning curves with TS and a virtual reality (VR) trainer were compared in a randomized trial. METHODS: The performance of medical students and general surgeons was compared for all three modules of LC in TS to establish construct validity...
March 9, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275704/language-play-facilitates-language-learning-optimizing-the-input-for-gender-like-category-induction
#20
Johanna Bebout, Eva Belke
Gender induction has been claimed to be virtually impossible unless nouns provide reliable semantic or phonological gender-relevant cues. However, learners might exploit syntactic cues, such as definite articles, to infer the gender of gender-unmarked nouns. In children's poems and songs, such syntactic cues are presented in a highly structured fashion. We assessed gender-like category induction in an artificial language that provided exclusively syntactic cues for its gender-like subclasses. We trained participants with structured or unstructured input presented in a prose, a rhyming, a melodic, or a rhyming and melodic fashion...
2017: Cogn Res Princ Implic
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