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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441153/discharge-criteria-for-the-late-preterm-infant-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Jenny M Quinn, Marteen Sparks, Sheila M Gephart
BACKGROUND: Standardized late preterm infant (LPI) discharge criteria ensure best practice and help guide the neonatal provider to determine the appropriate level of care following birth. However, the location can vary from the well newborn setting to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to examine differences in LPI discharge criteria between the well newborn setting and the NICU by answering the clinical questions, "What are the recommended discharge criteria for the LPI and do they differ if admitted to the well newborn setting versus the NICU?" SEARCH STRATEGY: Databases searched include CINAHL, TRIP, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library...
April 24, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422897/outcomes-associated-with-blast-versus-nonblast-related-traumatic-brain-injury-in-us-military-service-members-and-veterans-a-systematic-review
#2
Nancy Greer, Nina Sayer, Eva Koeller, Tina Velasquez, Timothy J Wilt
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature on comparative clinical and functional outcomes following blast-related versus nonblast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) among US service members and Veterans. DESIGN: MEDLINE search (January 2001 to June 2016) supplemented with hand search of reference lists and input from peer reviewers. RESULTS: Thirty-one studies (in 33 articles) reported on health outcomes; only 2 were rated low risk of bias...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420004/hearing-loss-and-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-findings-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#3
Rebecca Heywood, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Mei Sian Chong, Wee Shiong Lim, Philip Yap, Tih-Shih Lee, Keng Bee Yap, Shiou Liang Wee, Tze Pin Ng
AIM: To investigate the associations between hearing loss and prevalent and incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI), dementia and MCI or dementia (all cases). METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of baseline and follow-up data were performed in a population-based cohort. The baseline sample of 2,599 adults aged ≥55 included 1,515 cognitively normal subjects who were followed up to 8 years. Hearing loss at baseline was determined by the whispered voice test, and MCI and dementia by Mini-Mental State Examination screening, Clinical Dementia Rating scale, neurocognitive tests, MRI, and panel consensus diagnosis...
April 19, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419770/pilot-survey-of-the-health-of-massachusetts-dentists
#4
Romesh P Nalliah, Alan Budd, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
AIM: Dentistry is a career that is very rewarding because of the direct opportunity to deliver essential health services to patients in need. Dentistry is also very demanding; mentally, physically, and even emotionally. Little is known about the health of dentists and how it compares to the health of the general population. The aim of the present study was to report on the general health and health practices of dentists in Massachusetts. METHODS: A medical health and health practices survey was developed from the Delaware Valley Community Health Center and customized...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333778/cochlear-implant-in-severe-impaired-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#5
Ioana T Herisanu, Mark Praetorius, Margarete Mattern
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders and intelligence deficiencies are no longer contraindications for cochlear implantation regarding the revised German guidelines from May 2012. This article aims to evaluate the outcome of patients with severe psychiatric comorbidities. Therefore the database of the Cochlear Implant Center of the University Hospital of Heidelberg was investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: We present three patients who received a cochlear implant (CI) despite a serious psychiatric disorder...
March 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326059/unilateral-cochlear-implantation-reduces-tinnitus-loudness-in-bimodal-hearing-a-prospective-study
#6
Jérôme J Servais, Karl Hörmann, Elisabeth Wallhäusser-Franke
Perceptive and receptive aspects of subjective tinnitus like loudness and tinnitus-related distress are partly independent. The high percentage of hearing loss in individuals with tinnitus suggests causality of hearing impairment particularly for the tinnitus percept, leading to the hypothesis that restoration of auditory input has a larger effect on tinnitus loudness than on tinnitus-related distress. Furthermore, it is assumed that high levels of depression or anxiety prevent reductions of tinnitus loudness and distress following restoration of activity in the cochlea...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271168/-perception-of-hearing-problems-in-the-older-population
#7
S Moser, W Luxenberger, W Freidl
BACKGROUND: Age-related hearing loss is one of the most common chronic sensory impairments in the older population. This chronic condition is associated with bio-psychosocial consequences such as cognitive decline, depression, withdrawal, isolation, and reduced wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the perception of hearing problems among older women and men (≥55 years) with age-related hearing loss. Furthermore, the association between functional hearing loss and perceived hearing problems was examined...
March 7, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238151/are-quality-adjusted-life-years-a-good-proxy-measure-of-individual-capabilities
#8
Paul Mark Mitchell, Sridhar Venkatapuram, Jeff Richardson, Angelo Iezzi, Joanna Coast
BACKGROUND: There is a debate in the health economics literature concerning the most appropriate way of applying Amartya Sen's capability approach in economic evaluation studies. Some suggest that quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) alone are adequate while others argue that this approach is too narrow and that direct measures of capability wellbeing provide a more extensive application of Sen's paradigm. OBJECTIVE: This paper empirically explores whether QALYs provide a good proxy for individual capabilities...
February 25, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192822/-tinnitus-clinical-symptoms-and-therapy
#9
Birgit Mazurek, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Petra Brüggemann
Tinnitus is a phantom sound that can be a symptom of various disorders such as hearing loss, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, diabetes or tumors. Because of the inability to divert the auditory attention from tinnitus sound, patients suffer with insomnia, problems with concentration and other psychological conditions, in some extreme cases including major depression symptoms. The auditory character of tinnitus induces the patients to seek help predominantly at the otolaryngologist practice. The first aim of a physician is to establish the cause of tinnitus and to measure its audiological properties...
January 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153668/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-and-tinnitus-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-a-chronic-effects-of-neurotrauma-consortium-study
#10
A A Swan, J T Nelson, B Swiger, C A Jaramillo, B C Eapen, M Packer, M J Pugh
The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of hearing loss and tinnitus in a cohort of Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans (IAV) with common post-deployment conditions, including traumatic brain injury (TBI), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other typical post-concussive conditions such as headaches and vertigo/dizziness. This retrospective observational study used data from the national Veterans Health Administration (VA) data repository from fiscal years 2001-2014. Veteran data was included if there were at least three years of VA care, with one or more years of care in 2007 or after...
January 31, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129779/targeting-functional-fitness-hearing-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-hearing-loss-walk-talk-n-listen-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Justin Lambert, Rouzbeh Ghadry-Tavi, Kate Knuff, Marc Jutras, Jodi Siever, Paul Mick, Carolyn Roque, Gareth Jones, Jonathan Little, Harry Miller, Colin Van Bergen, Donna Kurtz, Mary Ann Murphy, Charlotte Ann Jones
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss (HL) is a disability associated with poorer health-related quality of life including an increased risk for loneliness, isolation, functional fitness declines, falls, hospitalization and premature mortality. The purpose of this pilot trial is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a novel intervention to reduce loneliness, improve functional fitness, social connectedness, hearing and health-related quality of life in older adults with HL. METHODS: This 10-week, single-blind, pilot randomized control trial (RCT) will include a convenience sample of ambulatory adults aged 65 years or older with self-reported HL...
January 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077712/changes-in-properties-of-auditory-nerve-synapses-following-conductive-hearing-loss
#12
Xiaowen Zhuang, Wei Sun, Matthew A Xu-Friedman
Auditory activity plays an important role in the development of the auditory system. Decreased activity can result from conductive hearing loss (CHL) associated with otitis media, which may lead to long-term perceptual deficits. The effects of CHL have been mainly studied at later stages of the auditory pathway, but early stages remain less examined. However, changes in early stages could be important because they would affect how information about sounds is conveyed to higher-order areas for further processing and localization...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995315/a-multidisciplinary-systematic-review-of-the-treatment-for-chronic-idiopathic-tinnitus
#13
REVIEW
Hans-Peter Zenner, Wolfgang Delb, Birgit Kröner-Herwig, Burkhard Jäger, Ingrid Peroz, Gerhard Hesse, Birgit Mazurek, Gerhard Goebel, Christian Gerloff, Regina Trollmann, Eberhard Biesinger, Harald Seidler, Berthold Langguth
The majority of tinnitus patients are affected by chronic idiopathic tinnitus, and almost 60 different treatment modalities have been reported. The present study is a multidisciplinary systematic analysis of the evidence for the different forms of treatment for chronic tinnitus. The results are used to form the basis of an S3 guideline. A systematic search was carried out in PubMed and the Cochrane Library. The basis for presenting the level of evidence was the evidence classification of the Oxford Centre of Evidence-based Medicine...
December 19, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991672/self-reported-hearing-impairment-and-incident-frailty-in-english-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-4-year-follow-up-study
#14
Ann E M Liljas, Livia A Carvalho, Efstathios Papachristou, Cesar De Oliveira, S Goya Wannamethee, Sheena E Ramsay, Kate Walters
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between hearing impairment and incident frailty in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses with 4-year follow-up using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals aged 60 and older with data on hearing and frailty status (N = 2,836). MEASUREMENTS: Hearing impairment was defined as poor self-reported hearing...
December 19, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984260/persistent-interictal-musical-hallucination-in-a-patient-with-mesial-temporal-sclerosis-related-epilepsy-first-case-report-and-etiopathological-hypothesis
#15
Paolo Borelli, Marcella Vedovello, Massimiliano Braga, Massimo Pederzoli, Sandro Beretta
Musical hallucination is a disorder of complex sound processing of instrumental music, songs, choirs, chants, etc. The underlying pathologies include moderate to severe acquired hearing loss (the auditory equivalent of Charles Bonnet syndrome), psychiatric illnesses (depression, schizophrenia), drug intoxication (benzodiazepines, salicylate, pentoxifylline, propranolol), traumatic lesions along the acoustic pathways, and epilepsy. The hallucinations are most likely to begin late in life; 70% of patients are women...
December 2016: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936880/-everyday-suspicion-our-life-is-delusional
#16
Zoltán Janka
Suspicious thinking in given situations can be useful and helps the adaptation as events occurring in the world also corroborate this. Factors participating in the development of paranoia can be listed as psychodynamic (projection), salience attributional, neurobiological (dopamine), impaired perceptual (hearing loss), sociocultural (minority, pseudocommunity), self-esteem (worrying, depression, mania), and cognitive (jump-to-conclusion) mechanisms. Along the spectrum of thinking, from the mild to the severe, enhanced worrying, salience attribution, overvalued concepts, suspicion/mistrust, paranoid ideations, and crystallized delusions may occur with different contents...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930442/multifactor-influences-of-shared-decision-making-in-acoustic-neuroma-treatment
#17
Jason C Nellis, Jeff D Sharon, Seth E Pross, Lisa E Ishii, Masaru Ishii, Jacob K Dey, Howard W Francis
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with treatment modality selection in acoustic neuromas. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary care neurotology clinic. PATIENTS: Data were prospectively collected from patients initially presenting to a tertiary care neurotology clinic between 2013 and 2016. Patients who did not have magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), demographic, psychometric, or audiometric data were excluded from analysis...
March 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927734/the-baltimore-hears-pilot-study-an-affordable-accessible-community-delivered-hearing-care-intervention
#18
Carrie L Nieman, Nicole Marrone, Sara K Mamo, Joshua Betz, Janet S Choi, Kevin J Contrera, Roland J Thorpe, Laura N Gitlin, Elizabeth K Tanner, Hae-Ra Han, Sarah L Szanton, Frank R Lin
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Age-related hearing loss negatively affects health outcomes, yet disparities in hearing care, such as hearing aid use, exist based on race/ethnicity and socioeconomic position. Recent national efforts highlight reduction of hearing care disparities as a public health imperative. This study a) describes a community engagement approach to addressing disparities, b) reports preliminary outcomes of a novel intervention, and c) discusses implementation processes and potential for wide-scale testing and use...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909101/changes-in-properties-of-auditory-nerve-synapses-following-conductive-hearing-loss
#19
Xiaowen Zhuang, Wei Sun, Matthew A Xu-Friedman
Auditory activity plays an important role in the development of the auditory system. Decreased activity can result from conductive hearing loss (CHL) associated with otitis media, which may lead to long-term perceptual deficits. The effects of CHL have been mainly studied at later stages of the auditory pathway, but early stages remain less examined. However, changes in early stages could be important, because they would affect how information about sounds is conveyed to higher order areas for further processing and localization...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890543/hearing-care-intervention-for-persons-with-dementia-a-pilot-study
#20
Sara K Mamo, Olivia Nirmalasari, Carrie L Nieman, Matthew K McNabney, Allison Simpson, Esther S Oh, Frank R Lin
OBJECTIVE: Hearing loss is a commonly unmet need among adults with dementia that may exacerbate common dementia-related behavioral symptoms. Accessing traditional audiology services for hearing loss is a challenge because of high cost and time commitment. To improve accessibility and affordability of hearing treatment for persons with dementia, there is a need for unique service delivery models. The purpose of this study is to test a novel hearing intervention for persons with dementia and family caregivers delivered in outpatient settings...
January 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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