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Hearing loss and depression

Wilhelmina H A M Mulders, Ian L Chin, Donald Robertson
Noise exposures that result in fully reversible changes in cochlear neural threshold can cause a reduced neural output at supra-threshold sound intensity. This so-called "hidden hearing loss" has been shown to be associated with selective degeneration of high threshold afferent nerve fiber-inner hair cell (IHC) synapses. However, the electrophysiological function of the IHCs themselves in hidden hearing loss has not been directly investigated. We have made round window (RW) measurements of cochlear action potentials (CAP) and summating potentials (SP) after two levels of a 10 kHz acoustic trauma...
February 14, 2018: Hearing Research
Olga N Tkacheva, Nadezda K Runikhina, Valentina S Ostapenko, Natalia V Sharashkina, Elen A Mkhitaryan, Julia S Onuchina, Sergei N Lysenkov, Nikolai N Yakhno, Yan Press
Background: Geriatric syndromes (GSs) are common in older adults and have a significant effect on their quality of life, disability, and use of health care resources. Few studies have assessed the prevalence of GSs in Russia. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of GSs among older adults living in the community in Moscow. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in four community clinics in Moscow. A total of 1,220 patients completed a screening questionnaire, and 356 of them also underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA)...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Dan G Blazer
Hearing loss is among the most frequent problems experienced by older adults, yet psychiatrists and other clinicians often ignore the problem as an aggravation rather than recognizing that the problem might benefit from appropriate hearing health care. Many psychiatric disorders have been associated with hearing loss, including depression, schizophrenia and other psychoses, anxiety, and neurocognitive disorders. In this article, hearing loss among older adults is reviewed, with special attention directed toward the recognition and proper referral to a hearing health care provider...
March 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Christine Miaskowski, Steven M Paul, Judy Mastick, Mark Schumacher, Yvette P Conley, Betty Smoot, Gary Abrams, Kord M Kober, Steven Cheung, Jennifer Henderson-Sabes, Margaret Chesney, Melissa Mazor, Margaret Wallhagen, Jon D Levine
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate for differences in demographic, clinical, and pain characteristics, as well as measures of sensation, balance, perceived stress, symptom burden, and quality of life (QOL) among survivors who received neurotoxic chemotherapy (CTX) and who reported only chemotherapy-induced neuropathy (CIN, n = 217), CIN and hearing loss (CIN/HL, n = 69), or CIN, hearing loss, and tinnitus (CIN/HL/TIN, n = 85). We hypothesized that as the number of neurotoxicities increased, survivors would have worse outcomes...
February 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Hélène Amieva, Camille Ouvrard, Céline Meillon, Laetitia Rullier, Jean-François Dartigues
Background: Hearing loss in older adults is suspected to play a role in social isolation, depression, disability, lower quality of life and risk of dementia. Such suspected associations still need to be consolidated with additional research. With a particularly long follow-up, this study assessed the relationship between hearing status and four major adverse health events: death, dementia, depression, and disability. Methods: Prospective community-based study of 3777 subjects aged ≥ 65 followed-up for 25 years...
January 3, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Leyanna Susan George, Sanjay Deshpande, M K Krishna Kumar, Ramesh S Patil
Context: India is an "aging nation" with 7.7% of its population being above 60 years of age. It has resulted in a rise of both physical and mental health morbidities. Aims: This study aimed to gather information regarding the morbidity pattern and its sociodemographic determinants among the elderly residing in the rural villages of Raichur, to understand the need for geriatric health-care facilities. Settings and Design: This community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in six rural villages of Raichur District, of which 230 elderly were selected randomly...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
A Londero, P Bonfils, J P Lefaucheur
Subjective tinnitus is a symptom in many ENT pathologies, for which there is no curative treatment. It may be poorly tolerated by some patients, who develop attention or sleep disorder or even major anxiety and depression, severely impairing quality of life. Pathophysiological models of the genesis and maintenance of tinnitus symptomatology highlight maladaptive cerebral plasticity induced by peripheral hearing loss. Although not fully elucidated, these changes in neuronal activity are the target of various attempts at neuromodulation, particularly using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), which has been the focus of various clinical studies and meta-analyses...
February 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
S Fallahi, A Rostami, M Nourollahpour Shiadeh, H Behniafar, S Paktinat
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii infection is one of the most prevalent infectious disease with worldwide distribution. Congenital toxoplasmosis is annually responsible for 1.20 million disability-adjusted life years around the world, but often it is overlooked many countries. METHODS: We performed an updated review to summarize the current researches on fetal, neonatal and maternal consequences of T. gondii infection and also adverse effects of toxoplasmosis on women reproductive organs...
March 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
Elisabeth Wallhäusser-Franke, Roberto D'Amelio, Anna Glauner, Wolfgang Delb, Jérôme J Servais, Karl Hörmann, Ines Repik
Background: Acute tinnitus and its transition to chronic tinnitus are poorly investigated, and factors associated with amelioration versus exacerbation are largely unknown. Aims of this study were to identify early predictors for the future development of tinnitus severity. Method: Patients with tinnitus of no longer than 4 weeks presenting at an otolaryngologist filled out questionnaires at inclusion (T1), as well as 3 (T3), and 6 months (T4) after tinnitus onset...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
Bret R Rutherford, Katharine Brewster, Justin S Golub, Ana H Kim, Steven P Roose
Recent research has linked age-related hearing loss to impaired performance across cognitive domains and increased risk for dementia diagnosis. The data linking hearing impairment to incident late-life depression are more mixed but suggest that diminished hearing does increase risk for depression. Behavioral mechanisms may explain these associations, such as the withdrawal of older adults from situations in which they may have difficulty hearing and communicating, which may contribute to the development of social isolation, loneliness, and consequent cognitive decline and depression...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
S Cosh, T von Hanno, C Helmer, G Bertelsen, C Delcourt, H Schirmer
OBJECTIVE: To examine the longitudinal association of dual and single (vision and hearing) sensory loss on symptoms of depression and anxiety in older adults. METHODS: Two thousand eight hundred ninety adults aged 60 years or over who participated in the longitudinal population-based Tromsø Study, Norway, were included. The impact of objective vision loss, self-report hearing loss, or dual sensory loss on symptoms of depression and anxiety, as assessed by the Hopkins Symptom Checklist 10, was examined at baseline and 6-year follow-up using linear mixed models...
April 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
V A Andreeva, K E Assmann, M Adjibade, C Lemogne, S Hercberg, P Galan, E Kesse-Guyot
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge about moderation of the association between hearing loss and depression is scant. We investigated dyslipidemia as a potential moderator of the association between hearing/hearing loss and depressive symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: General population-based cohort in France (SU.VI.MAX 2; 2007-2009). PARTICIPANTS: N= 4,307 adults (mean age = 61.5 ± 6.1 y; 59.6% women). MEASUREMENTS: A score ≥ 16 on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale defined presence of depressive symptoms...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Laurence McKenna, Elizabeth M Marks, Christopher A Hallsworth, Roland Schaette
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is experienced by up to 15% of the population and can lead to significant disability and distress. There is rarely a medical or surgical target and psychological therapies are recommended. We investigated whether mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) could offer an effective new therapy for tinnitus. METHODS: This single-site randomized controlled trial compared MBCT to intensive relaxation training (RT) for chronic, distressing tinnitus in adults...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Vicki Simpson, Lindsey Pedigo
Identification of risk factors unique to the aging experience is vital to support health promotion efforts and prevent loss of independence for the increasing aging population. Health risk appraisals are tools capable of identifying a broad range of factors that affect health; however, these tools were designed for use with predominantly healthy working-age adults. The purpose of this integrative review was to describe uses and adaptations of health risk appraisals with aging adults. A total of 43 articles met inclusion criteria, identifying multiple adaptations necessary to effectively identify the risks faced by aging adults, including those related to activities of daily living, pain, depression, social support/network, vision, hearing, and cognitive status...
November 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
David Bakhos, Charles Aussedat, Elsa Legris, Jean-Marie Aoustin, Jérôme Nevoux
Screening and early treatment of deafness regardless of age is essential. Deafness leads to social isolation, depression, and decreased cognitive function. The diagnosis requires an otoscopy and a confirmation of the type and degree of deafness by audiometry. Sudden deafness and meningitis are neuro-sensorial emergencies. Deafness may be the mode of disclosure of an autoimmune disease or part of the evolutionary profile. Hearing complaints with a normal classical audiogram may be the manifestation of a so-called "hidden" hearing loss and must be explored more carefully...
November 2017: La Presse Médicale
Christiane Völter, Lisa Götze, Michael Falkenstein, Stefan Dazert, Jan Peter Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Due to demographic changes, the number of people suffering not only from dementia illness but also from hearing impairment with the need for hearing rehabilitation have increased noticeably. Even with the association between hearing, age, and cognitive decline being well known, this issue has so far not played an important role in daily clinical Ear Nose Throat settings. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of a computer-based battery of tests of neurocognitive abilities in older patients with and without hearing loss...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
N V Boiko
Hearing of sound, or tinnitus, can be a symptom of different diseases. The differential diagnosis should be based on the identification of subgroups with confirmed causes of the disease. Subjective and objective tinnitus groups should be isolated. Objective tinnitus can be vascular or muscular. In making a diagnosis of tinnitus, it is important to know its characteristics, laterality, circumstances of onset, duration, comorbidity with other symptoms: headache, hearing decline, dizziness, depression, etc. Urgent diagnostic and treatment measures are needed after the identification of 'red flags': acute pulsatile tinnitus, in particular after the brain injury, combination of tinnitus with acute hearing loss and depression...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Nikolai Bisgaard, Stefan Ruf
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze data from the EuroTrak surveys performed from 2009 to 2015 in Germany, France, and the United Kingdom to identify factors that could account for the growth in hearing aid sales over that period. Method: Data of 132,028 people-approximately 15,000 for each of the 3 countries at 3-year intervals-were collected using a questionnaire. The sample in each country was weighted using the respective country age-gender populations to get balanced results...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Daeyoung Roh, Janet Ren Chao, Do Hoon Kim, Kyung Hee Yoon, Jae Hoon Jung, Chang Hyun Lee, Ji-Hyeon Shin, Min Jae Kim, Chan Hum Park, Jun Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: Early prediction of therapeutic outcomes could reduce exposure to ineffective treatments and optimize clinical outcomes. However, none of the known otologic predictors is amenable to therapeutic intervention for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). The aims of this study were to investigate psychological stress as a potential predictor to discriminate outcomes in ISSNHL. METHODS: Various psychological measures were conducted including structured interview assessment tools in patients with recently diagnosed ISSNHL before initiating treatment...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Anouk P Netten, Carolien Rieffe, Lizet Ketelaar, Wim Soede, Kenneth D Gadow, Johan H M Frijns
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implants (CIs) have dramatically improved the lives of children who are deaf or hard of hearing; however, little is known about its implications for preventing the development of psychiatric symptoms in this at-risk population. This is the first longitudinal study to examine the early manifestation of emotional and behavioral disorders and associated risk and protective factors in early identified preschoolers with CIs compared with hearing peers. DESIGN: Participants were 74 children with CIs and 190 hearing controls between ages 1 and 5 years (mean age, 3...
October 4, 2017: Ear and Hearing
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