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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294922/violence-and-disability-experiences-and-perceptions-of-victimization-among-deaf-people
#1
Amanda Admire, Blanca Ramirez
Research on the unique experiences of deaf people is rare, and limited information exists regarding the nature and extent of violence against this population. Existing scholarship highlights the increased vulnerabilities of deaf individuals; however, there remains a paucity of research that examines how deaf and hard of hearing individuals perceive their own victimization. Also lacking is research on the experiences of deaf individuals outside of the United States, where cultural norms and the status of the deaf may be quite different...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228307/superordinate-precision-an-examination-of-academic-writing-among-bilingual-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-students
#2
Jessica A Scott, Robert J Hoffmeister
Academic English is an essential literacy skill area for success in post-secondary education and in many work environments. Despite its importance, academic English is understudied with deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) students. Nascent research in this area suggests that academic English, alongside American Sign Language (ASL) fluency, may play an important role in the reading proficiency of DHH students in middle and high school. The current study expands this research to investigate academic English by examining student proficiency with a sub-skill of academic writing called superordinate precision, the taxonomical categorization of a term...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209697/false-belief-development-in-children-who-are-hard-of-hearing-compared-with-peers-with-normal-hearing
#3
Elizabeth A Walker, Sophie E Ambrose, Jacob Oleson, Mary Pat Moeller
Purpose: This study investigates false belief (FB) understanding in children who are hard of hearing (CHH) compared with children with normal hearing (CNH) at ages 5 and 6 years and at 2nd grade. Research with this population has theoretical significance, given that the early auditory-linguistic experiences of CHH are less restricted compared with children who are deaf but not as complete as those of CNH. Method: Participants included CHH and CNH who had completed FB tasks as part of a larger multicenter, longitudinal study on outcomes of children with mild-to-severe hearing loss...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188363/meta-analysis-of-adjunctive-dexamethasone-to-improve-clinical-outcome-of-bacterial-meningitis-in-children
#4
REVIEW
Ying Wang, Xinjie Liu, Yuzhen Wang, Qi Liu, Cuicui Xu, Guixia Xu
BACKGROUND: The current recommended therapies for bacterial meningitis are effective antimicrobial agents and the implementation of childhood vaccination programs. However, the role of adjunctive dexamethasone therapy in bacterial meningitis remains controversial. METHODS: Using meta-analysis, this study aims to investigate the efficacy of adjunctive dexamethasone therapy in bacterial meningitis by comparing it with antibiotic therapy. Documents of randomized controlled trials (RCT) related to the treatment of bacterial meningitis in children with dexamethasone published since the establishment of the databases to December in 2016 were retrieved from the databases of Cochrane Library, Pubmed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure...
November 29, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153256/intraoperative-force-and-electrocochleography-measurements-in-an-animal-model-of-cochlear-implantation
#5
J Lo, C Bester, A Collins, C Newbold, A Hampson, S Chambers, H Eastwood, S O'Leary
To preserve residual hearing, techniques for monitoring and reducing the effects of trauma during cochlear implant surgery are being developed. This study examines the relationships between intraoperative recordings (electrode insertion force and electrocochleography), trauma, and hearing loss after cochlear implantation. The study also evaluated the efficacy of intravenous steroids for reducing hearing loss after implantation. Thirty-two normal-hearing guinea pigs were randomly implanted with electrode arrays of differing stiffness ('hard' or 'soft')...
November 9, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129447/amplified-hearing-device-use-in-acute-care-settings-for-patients-with-hearing-loss-a-feasibility-study
#6
Amber R Kimball, Cecelia I Roscigno, Coretta M Jenerette, Kimberly M Hughart, Wendy W Jenkins, Wesley Hsu
The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of using amplified hearing devices (AHD) in acute care settings for patients with hearing loss. Secondary objectives include patient and nurse satisfaction, and nursing perceived productivity. Twenty-five adult hard of hearing patients and 15 nurses were evaluated. Patients with a perceived hearing handicap were identified through the Hearing Handicap for the Elderly Screening Version. Patient and staff nurse surveys were used to assess for satisfaction with using the AHD...
November 9, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128783/differences-in-self-advocacy-among-hard-of-hearing-and-typical-hearing-students
#7
Rinat Michael, Haya Maroon Zidan
BACKGROUND: Self-advocacy is considered a protective factor of psychosocial and academic problems among students with special needs. AIMS: To asses self-advocacy among students with hearing loss and compare it to that of typical hearing students. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: The current study examined 27 hard of hearing (hh) students and 27 typical hearing students, all studying in mainstream classes. They completed the Hope Scale, a self-esteem scale, a self-efficacy scale, and a measure of self-advocacy statements...
November 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111952/introduction-clinical-and-community-practice-with-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-people
#8
David Barclay, Francis Yuen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102129/an-overview-of-cochlear-implant-electrode-array-designs
#9
REVIEW
Anandhan Dhanasingh, Claude Jolly
Cochlear implant electrode arrays are designed with specific characteristics that allow for the preservation of intra-cochlear structures during the insertion process, as well as during explantation. Straight lateral wall (LW) electrode arrays and pre-curved modiolar hugging (MH) electrode arrays are the two types that are commercially available. Although there is a third type of electrode array called the mid-scala (MS), which is positioned in the middle of the scala tympani (ST), and is usually considered as an MH type of electrode...
October 18, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094506/absolute-auditory-threshold-testing-the-absolute
#10
Peter Heil, Artur Matysiak
The mechanisms underlying the detection of sounds in quiet, one of the simplest tasks for auditory systems, are debated. Several models proposed to explain the threshold for sounds in quiet and its dependence on sound parameters include a minimum sound intensity ('hard threshold'), below which sound has no effect on the ear. Also, many models are based on the assumption that threshold is mediated by integration of a neural response proportional to sound intensity. Here, we test these ideas. Using an adaptive forced choice procedure, we obtained thresholds of 95 normal-hearing human ears for 18 tones (3...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052560/characteristics-of-mandarin-open-set-word-recognition-development-among-chinese-children-with-cochlear-implants
#11
Ying Kong, Xin Liu, Sha Liu, Yong-Xin Li
BACKGROUND: Cochlear implants (CIs) can improve speech recognition for children with severe congenital hearing loss, and open-set word recognition is an important efficacy measure. This study examined Mandarin open-set word recognition development among Chinese children with CIs and normal hearing (NH). METHODS: This study included 457 children with CIs and 131 children with NH, who completed the Mandarin lexical neighborhood test. The results for children at 1-8 years after receiving their CIs were compared to those from the children with NH using linear regression analysis and analysis of variance...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041996/preparedness-training-programs-for-working-with-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-communities-and-older-adults-lessons-learned-from-key-informants-and-literature-assessments
#12
Patricia W Kamau, Susan L Ivey, Stephanie E Griese, Shoukat H Qari
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) identify available training programs for emergency response personnel and public health professionals on addressing the needs of Deaf and hard of hearing individuals and older adults, (2) identify strategies to improve these training programs, and (3) identify gaps in available training programs and make recommendations for addressing these gaps. METHODS: A literature review was conducted to identify relevant training programs and identify lessons learned...
October 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040624/altering-practices-to-include-bimodal-bilingual-asl-spoken-english-programming-at-a-small-school-for-the-deaf-in-canada
#13
Karen Priestley, Charlotte Enns, Shauna Arbuckle
Bimodal-bilingual programs are emerging as one way to meet broader needs and provide expanded language, educational and social-emotional opportunities for students who are deaf and hard of hearing (Marschark, M., Tang, G. & Knoors, H. (Eds). (2014). Bilingualism and bilingual Deaf education. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Paludneviciene & Harris, R. (2011). Impact of cochlear implants on the deaf community. In Paludneviciene, R. & Leigh, I. (Eds.), Cochlear implants evolving perspectives (pp. 3-19)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038697/the-pedagogical-effect-of-a-health-education-application-for-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-students-in-elementary-schools
#14
Masoumeh Abbasi, Saeid Eslami, Mahdi Mohammadi, Reza Khajouei
BACKGROUND: Deaf or hard-of-hearing children experience difficulties in learning health principles. But technology has significantly improved their ability to learn. The challenge in e-learning is to design attractive applications while having an educational aspect. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the pedagogical effectiveness of a health education application for deaf and hard of hearing students in elementary schools, and to investigate the student's perceptions in different educational grades about the educational effectiveness of the text, graphics, video clips, and animation in the application...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017640/investigating-the-risk-of-date-rape-by-auditory-status
#15
LaVerne McQuiller Williams, Judy L Porter, Jason D Scott, Tony R Smith, Taylor V Vogt
This exploratory study examines the impact of auditory status, gender, and prior sexual victimization on attitudes andbehaviors related to date rape among undergraduate college students (n = 3,352) at a private university in the northeast. An abbreviated version of the College Date Rape Attitude and Behavior Survey (Lanier & Elliot, 1997) and the Sexual Experiences Survey (Koss, Gidycz, & Wisniewski, 1987) were employed. Findings indicated that Deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) students were more likely to experience negative sexual experiences than hearing students...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990963/terrible-twos-or-early-signs-of-psychopathology-developmental-patterns-in-early-identified-preschoolers-with-cochlear-implants-compared-with-hearing-controls
#16
Anouk P Netten, Carolien Rieffe, Lizet Ketelaar, Wim Soede, Kenneth D Gadow, Johan H M Frijns
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implants (CIs) have dramatically improved the lives of children who are deaf or hard of hearing; however, little is known about its implications for preventing the development of psychiatric symptoms in this at-risk population. This is the first longitudinal study to examine the early manifestation of emotional and behavioral disorders and associated risk and protective factors in early identified preschoolers with CIs compared with hearing peers. DESIGN: Participants were 74 children with CIs and 190 hearing controls between ages 1 and 5 years (mean age, 3...
October 4, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977584/longitudinal-associations-between-bullying-and-emotions-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-adolescents
#17
Evelien Broekhof, Marieke G N Bos, Marina Camodeca, Carolien Rieffe
In hearing adolescents, emotions play important roles in the development of bullying and victimization. Yet, it is unclear whether this also applies to adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH). The present study examines the longitudinal associations of anger, fear, guilt, and shame with bullying/victimization in DHH adolescents. Overall, 80 DHH and 227 hearing adolescents (Mage = 11.7; 103 males) completed self-reports on two occasions with a 9-month interval. Outcomes show that DHH adolescents reported fewer bullying behaviors, but more victimization compared to hearing adolescents...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976300/school-psychological-evaluation-reports-for-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children-best-practices
#18
Robert Whitaker, Tania Thomas-Presswood
This article discusses the best practices for school psychological evaluation and reports for parents and professionals who work with deaf and hard of hearing children. Deaf and hard of hearing children present unique challenges and for parents to be strong advocates for their children, knowledge about the complexities of psychological assessments is important. Parents are also provided with best practices for psychological reports with descriptions for typical areas of reports and how each is different for deaf and hard of hearing children...
July 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976292/addiction-treatment-with-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-people-an-application-of-the-cenaps-model
#19
Leo Yates, Laura Dreany-Pyles
Alcohol and drug addiction is a significant problem among deaf and hard of hearing people. Looking through a Deaf culture lens, treatment for alcohol and drug addiction is key for providing care for deaf and hard of hearing clients. Using the CENAPS model, an applied cognitive-behavioral therapy program is recommended for addiction treatment. The CENAPS model provides clinicians with tools for stabilizing deaf and hard of hearing clients, supporting their transition to early recovery. Educating the client about the stages of relapse and the stages of recovery, clinicians using this model can better treat and prepare deaf and hard of hearing clients for long-term recovery...
July 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976290/disaster-relief-and-crisis-intervention-with-deaf-communities-lessons-learned-from-the-japanese-deaf-community
#20
Kota Takayama
During natural disasters and crises, the deaf and hard of hearing community might not have full accessibility to all of the information shared with the larger hearing community. This could be due to the lack of awareness among social work professionals about these cultural and linguistic needs of this minority population. The purpose of this article is to explore the challenges faced by the deaf community and to discuss culturally and linguistically appropriate crisis intervention and mobilization to natural disaster situations based on the experiences of the Japanese deaf communities affected by the Kobe and Tohoku earthquakes...
July 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
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