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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620635/pioneering-strategies-for-relieving-dental-anxiety-in-hearing-impaired-children-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#1
Shalini Chandrasekhar, Ghanashyam Prasad Madu, Naga Radhakrishna Ambati, Pavani Reddy Suravarapu, Kalyani Uppu, Deepthi Bolla
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Hearing impaired children have a problem in understanding and comprehending with dental treatments. Visual language is the sensible answer of how to improve communication with them. PURPOSE: To evaluate the applicability of dental sign language in Hearing impaired children in relieving anxiety during stressful dental treatment by improving their means of communication. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This randomized clinical trial was carried out in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry which included 40 Hearing Impaired children meeting inclusion criteria...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555382/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-self-reported-physical-and-mental-disorders-among-adults-with-hearing-loss-in-denmark-a-national-survey
#2
Jesper Dammeyer, Madeleine Chapman
PURPOSE: Existing research shows that people with hearing loss have a high risk of additional physical and mental disorders. However, only a few population-based studies have been conducted. This study assesses the prevalence and characteristics of additional disorders among adults with hearing loss in Denmark and thereby contributes a population-based study to this area of research. METHOD: Data on self-reported physical and mental disorders from a national survey of 772 adults with hearing loss were compared to corresponding data from a national survey of 18,017 adults from the general population...
May 29, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553018/-civilising-deaf-people-in-tibet-and-inner-mongolia-governing-linguistic-ethnic-and-bodily-difference-in-china
#3
Theresia Hofer, Gry Sagli
The People's Republic of China is home to over 20 million d/Deaf and hard-of-hearing people, many among them belonging to ethnic minorities. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in two minority regions, the Tibet Autonomous Region and the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, this article comparatively discusses findings on sign language use, education and state welfare policies. The situation in these domains is analysed through the framework of the 'civilising project', coined by Harrell, and its impacts on the d/Deaf and hard-of-hearing among ethnic minorities are shown...
April 21, 2017: Disability & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552388/characteristics-of-brief-sticky-mittens-training-that-lead-to-increases-in-object-exploration
#4
Amy Work Needham, Sarah E Wiesen, Jennifer N Hejazi, Klaus Libertus, Caroline Christopher
The onset of independent prehension marks the beginning of infants' direct interaction with the physical world. The success infants have in contacting objects with their hands and arms can have both visual and auditory consequences; objects may move and collide with other objects or fall onto table surfaces. Seeing and hearing these events could have important consequences for infants' learning about objects and their subsequent behavior toward objects. The current research assessed the effects of brief object manipulation experiences and how a specific characteristic of training, auditory feedback produced by hard plastic toys colliding with a tabletop surface, affects pre-reaching infants' subsequent object exploration...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544920/acquisition-of-who-question-comprehension-in-german-children-with-hearing-loss
#5
Eva Wimmer, Monika Rothweiler, Martina Penke
For children with sensorineural hearing loss the ability to understand wh-questions might be particularly challenging because they often have only restricted access to spoken language input during optimal periods of language acquisition. In previous research it has been suggested that this restricted input during critical stages in language acquisition might lead to syntactic deficits that persist into adolescence. In this study we want to pursue this issue by investigating the comprehension of wh-questions in German children with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss...
May 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531343/job-satisfaction-of-teachers-of-students-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing
#6
John L Luckner, Brittany Dorn
The pressure that educators are experiencing to educate more students, with more challenges, to higher levels of learning than any time in the past is significantly changing their working conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of a national sample of teachers of students who are deaf or hard of hearing to ascertain their overall job satisfaction as well as to identify the specific factors that positively and negatively affect their ability to do their jobs well. In addition, responses of different subsets of teachers (e...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530263/utricular-hypofunction-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
K Jáuregui-Renaud, C Aranda-Moreno, A Herrera-Rangel
The aim of this study was to assess the function of the utricle and horizontal semicircular canals in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving primary health care, with/without a history of falls. 101 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 34 to 84 years old (26 with and 75 without a history of falls) and 51 healthy volunteers (40-83 years old) accepted to participate. They denied having a history of dizziness, vertigo, unsteadiness, hearing loss or neurological disorders. None of them were seeking care due to sensory or balance decline...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511103/the-detection-of-virtual-objects-using-echoes-by-humans-spectral-cues
#8
Daniel Rowan, Timos Papadopoulos, Lauren Archer, Amanda Goodhew, Hayley Cozens, Ricardo Guzman Lopez, David Edwards, Hannah Holmes, Robert Allen
Some blind people use echoes to detect discrete, silent objects to support their spatial orientation/navigation, independence, safety and wellbeing. The acoustical features that people use for this are not well understood. Listening to changes in spectral shape due to the presence of an object could be important for object detection and avoidance, especially at short range, although it is currently not known whether it is possible with echolocation-related sounds. Bands of noise were convolved with recordings of binaural impulse responses of objects in an anechoic chamber to create 'virtual objects', which were analysed and played to sighted and blind listeners inexperienced in echolocation...
April 27, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502912/thinking-styles-and-quality-of-university-life-among-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-and-hearing-students
#9
Sanyin Cheng, Li-Fang Zhang
The authors explored how thinking styles relate to quality of university life among deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) and hearing university students in mainland China. The first of two studies affirmed the validity and reliability of a modified version of the Quality of University Life Measure (QULM; Sirgy, Grezskowiak, & Rahtz, 2007) among 833 university students (366 DHH, 467 hearing). The second investigated relationships between thinking styles and quality of university life; the Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II (Sternberg, Wagner, & Zhang, 2007) and modified QULM were administered to 542 students (256 DHH, 286 hearing)...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487670/cochlear-implantation-of-bilaterally-deafened-patients-with-tinnitus-induces-sustained-decrease-of-tinnitus-related-distress
#10
Steffen Knopke, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Sophia Marie Häussler, Stefan Gräbel, Heidi Olze
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus is a common symptom of hearing impairment. Patients who are bilaterally hard of hearing are often affected by tinnitus. However, they cannot undergo any of the standard tinnitus therapies, since they rely on hearing. Cochlear implantation (CI) used to treat severe hearing disabilities, such as bilateral hearing loss, was also shown to reduce tinnitus. Our goal was to determine if CI induces sustained reduction of tinnitus. We performed prospective, longitudinal analyses of tinnitus-related distress in a uniform group of bilaterally deafened patients after CI...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471783/reporting-newborn-audiologic-results-to-state-ehdi-programs
#11
Winnie Chung, Kathryn L Beauchaine, Alison Grimes, Tammy O'Hollearn, Craig Mason, Sharon Ringwalt
OBJECTIVES: All US states and territories have an Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) program to facilitate early hearing evaluation and intervention for infants who are deaf or hard of hearing. To ensure efficient coordination of care, the state EHDI programs rely heavily on audiologists' prompt reporting of a newborn's hearing status. Several states have regulations requiring mandatory reporting of a newborn's hearing status. This is an important public health responsibility of pediatric audiologists...
April 29, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458938/septic-arthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-secondary-to-acute-otitis-media-in-an-adult-a-rare-case-with-achromobacter-xylosoxidans
#12
Ryan Chin Taw Cheong, Laura Harding
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is a rare complication of acute otitis media (AOM) with only four reported cases in the English and Japanese literature. Based on the unusual nature of this clinical condition, we discuss the first documented case due to Achromobacter xylosoxidans and the utility of myringotomy with long-term intravenous antibiotics via a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). We describe the case of a 76-year-old male patient that was brought in by ambulance to the accident and emergency (A&E) department due to severe right-sided otalgia with increased hearing impairment...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426888/adolescent-depression-differential-symptom-presentations-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-youth-using-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9
#13
Melanie L Bozzay, Kimberly N O'Leary, Alessandro S De Nadai, Kim Gryglewicz, Gabriela Romero, Marc S Karver
The present study examined differences in symptom presentation in screening for pediatric depression via evaluation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). In particular, we examined whether PHQ-9 items function differentially among deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH; n = 75) and hearing (n = 75) youth based on participants recruited from crisis assessment services. Multiple indicators multiple causes models were used to examine whether items of the PHQ-9 functioned differently between groups as well as whether there were group differences in the mean severity of depressive symptoms...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420778/empowering-adolescents-who-are-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing
#14
Johnnie Sexton
The adolescent years are challenging for all kids. If hearing loss is added into the mix, the issues faced by these teens are quite complex and require some skill development in advocacy, empowerment, and independence. This article will explore the emotional journey of the individual and the family.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420770/accommodating-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-employees
#15
Holly Stiles
Hearing loss is the 2nd most prevalent health issue around the world; in the US, about 1 in 5 people, and 3 in 5 combat veterans, have some amount of hearing loss [1]. Managers or supervisors will inevitably have an employee who has some degree of hearing loss. Employers have a legal obligation to make reasonable accommodations that enable employees with disabilities, including hearing loss, to be successful in the workplace.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399063/language-outcomes-in-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-teenagers-who-are-spoken-language-users-effects-of-universal-newborn-hearing-screening-and-early-confirmation
#16
Hannah Pimperton, Jana Kreppner, Merle Mahon, Jim Stevenson, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Sarah Worsfold, Ho Ming Yuen, Colin R Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine whether (a) exposure to universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) and b) early confirmation of hearing loss were associated with benefits to expressive and receptive language outcomes in the teenage years for a cohort of spoken language users. It also aimed to determine whether either of these two variables was associated with benefits to relative language gain from middle childhood to adolescence within this cohort. DESIGN: The participants were drawn from a prospective cohort study of a population sample of children with bilateral permanent childhood hearing loss, who varied in their exposure to UNHS and who had previously had their language skills assessed at 6-10 years...
April 10, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345748/risk-perception-and-perceived-self-efficacy-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-seniors-and-young-adults-in-emergencies
#17
Alina Engelman, Susan L Ivey, Winston Tseng, Linda Neuhauser
OBJECTIVES: The authors explored the factors influencing risk perception and perceived self-efficacy before and during an emergency for deaf and hard-of-hearing (Deaf/HH) seniors and young adults. METHODS: The authors collected demographic survey data and conducted four focus groups with 38 Deaf/HH residents of the San Francisco Bay Area; two groups were with young adults (ages 18-35), including one group of college students and one group of young professionals, and two were with older adults (ages 50-90)...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334795/everyday-stressors-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-adolescents-the-role-of-coping-and-pragmatics
#18
Anat Zaidman-Zait, Adi Dotan
The current mixed-methods study examined everyday problems among deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) adolescents across various life domains. To better understand the factors influencing levels of perceived stress, the impact of DHH adolescents' coping and pragmatic abilities was also examined. Thirty DHH adolescents completed questionnaires about everyday stressors and coping, and 13 of these respondents were interviewed regarding their everyday problems. All participants used spoken language and attended mainstream high schools...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#19
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
April 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286960/mothers-and-fathers-involvement-in-intervention-programs-for-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children
#20
Anat Zaidman-Zait, Tova Most, Ricardo Tarrasch, Eliana Haddad
PURPOSE: Parental involvement in the rehabilitation process of deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children is considered vital to children's progress. Today, fathers are more likely to be involved in their children's care. Nevertheless, father involvement has been understudied and relatively little is known about their involvement in families with children who are deaf or hard of hearing. In addition, there are scant data on the correlates of parents' involvement. This study explored similarities and differences in parental involvement between mothers and fathers in intervention programs for their D/HH children and tested a set of personal and social contextual variables that posited to affect parental involvement in a unique socio-cultural group...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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