keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

High fidelity simulation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048214/validation-of-a-full-immersion-simulation-platform-for-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-using-3d-printing-technology
#1
Ahmed Ghazi, Timothy Campbell, Rachel Melnyk, Changyong Feng, Alex Andrusco, Jonathan Stone, Erdal Erturk
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The restriction of resident hours with an increasing focus on patient safety and a reduced caseload has impacted surgical training. A complex and complication prone procedure such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) with a steep learning curve may create an unsafe environment for hands-on resident training. In this study, we validate a high fidelity, inanimate PCNL model within a full immersion simulation environment. METHODS: Anatomically correct models of the human pelvicalyceal system (PCS), kidney, and relevant adjacent structures were created using poly-vinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogels and 3D-printed injection molds...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047791/optimal-defocus-selection-based-on-normed-fourier-transform-for-digital-fringe-pattern-profilometry
#2
Abel Kamagara, Xiangzhao Wang, Sikun Li
Owing to gamma-effect robustness and high-speed imaging capabilities, projector defocusing of binary-coded fringe patterns is by far the most widely used and effective technique in generating sinusoidal fringe patterns for three-dimensional optical topography measurement with digital fringe projection techniques. However, this technique is not trouble-free. It is borne with uncertainty and challenges mainly because it remains somewhat difficult to quantify and ascertain the level of defocus required for desired fidelity in sinuousness of the projected fringe pattern...
October 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040811/mobile-emergency-simulation-training-for-rural-health-providers
#3
Douglas Martin, Brent Bekiaris, Gregory Hansen
INTRODUCTION: Mobile emergency simulation offers innovative continuing medical educational support to regions that may lack access to such opportunities. Furthermore, satisfaction is a critical element for active learning. Together, the authors evaluated Canadian rural healthcare providers' satisfaction from high fidelity emergency simulation training using a modified motorhome as a mobile education unit (MEU). METHODS: Over a 5-month period, data was collected during 14 educational sessions in nine different southern Manitoban communities...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040245/code-team-training-demonstrating-adherence-to-aha-guidelines-during-pediatric-code-blue-activations
#4
Claire Stewart, Jamie Shoemaker, Rachel Keller-Smith, Katherine Edmunds, Andrew Davis, Ken Tegtmeyer
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric code blue activations are infrequent events with a high mortality rate despite the best effort of code teams. The best method for training these code teams is debatable; however, it is clear that training is needed to assure adherence to American Heart Association (AHA) Resuscitation Guidelines and to prevent the decay that invariably occurs after Pediatric Advanced Life Support training. The objectives of this project were to train a multidisciplinary, multidepartmental code team and to measure this team's adherence to AHA guidelines during code simulation...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036115/wide-bandwidth-millimeter-resolution-inverse-synthetic-aperture-radar-imaging
#5
Jonathan T Richard, Martin S Heimbeck, L Blake Autin, Henry O Everitt
The combination of wide bandwidth W-band inverse synthetic aperture radar imagery and high-fidelity numerical simulations has been used to identify distinguishing signatures from simple metallic and dielectric targets. Targets are located with millimeter-scale accuracy using super-resolution techniques. Radon transform reconstructions of the returns from rotated targets approached the image quality of the complete data set in a fraction of the time by sampling as few as 10 angles. The limitations of shooting-and-bouncing ray simulations at high frequencies are illustrated through a critical comparison of their predictions with the measured data and the method of moments simulations, indicating the importance of accurately capturing the obfuscating role played by multipath interference in complex targets...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032714/fusion-of-optical-coherence-tomography-and-angiography-for-numerical-simulation-of-hemodynamics-in-bioresorbable-stented-coronary-artery-based-on-patient-specific-model
#6
Chenxi Huang, Yuanhang Zhou, Xiaoxin Mao, Jianhua Tong, Lei Zhang, Fei Chen, Yongtao Hao
Three-dimensional simulations of coronary artery using finite element analysis are considered as effective means to understand the biomechanical properties after the stent was deployed. Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds are new-generation stents used by people. Intravascular optical coherence tomography is an emerging technique for detecting struts. The common 3 D reconstruction methods are using Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS) or angiographies. However, it loses the details about geometry model. Fusing of optical coherence tomography and angiography to reconstruct the bioresorbable stented coronary artery based on patient-specific mode is an innovative method to reconstruct the high fidelity geometry...
October 16, 2017: Computer Assisted Surgery (Abingdon, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029228/development-of-a-whole-task-simulator-for-carotid-endarterectomy
#7
Gabrielle Santangelo, Doran Mix, Ahmed Ghazi, Michael Stoner, G Edward Vates, Jonathan J Stone
BACKGROUND: Surgical education relies on operative exposure with live patients. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) demands an experienced surgeon with a very low complication rate. The high-risk nature of this procedure and the decline in number of CEAs performed annually has created a gap in residency training. OBJECTIVE: To develop a high-fidelity whole-task simulation for CEA that demonstrates content, construct, and face validity. METHODS: Anatomically accurate models of the human neck were created using multilayered poly-vinyl alcohol hydrogels...
September 27, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028930/use-of-a-hand-held-digital-cognitive-aid-in-simulated-crises-the-max-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
R Lelaidier, B Balança, S Boet, A Faure, M Lilot, F Lecomte, J-J Lehot, T Rimmelé, J-C Cejka
Background: Cognitive aids improve the technical performance of individuals and teams dealing with high-stakes crises. Hand-held electronic cognitive aids have rarely been investigated. A randomized controlled trial was conducted to investigate the effects of a smartphone application, named MAX (for Medical Assistance eXpert), on the technical and non-technical performance of anaesthesia residents dealing with simulated crises. Methods: This single-centre randomized, controlled, unblinded trial was conducted in the simulation centre at Lyon, France...
September 27, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018630/a-versatile-ultrasound-simulation-system-for-education-and-training-in-high-fidelity-emergency-scenarios
#9
Saverio Farsoni, Luca Astolfi, Marcello Bonfe, Savino Spadaro, Carlo Alberto Volta
Point of care ultrasonography and the related focused assessment with sonography for trauma protocol, if performed by experienced physicians, is a highly sensitive examination, and specific for the detection of free fluids. Different systems and methods have been proposed for training, including simulation as one of the most efficient. This paper presents an ultrasound training system, specifically designed to be used during bedside high fidelity simulation scenarios, that could facilitate the learning process...
2017: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994515/role-of-pelvic-ultrasound-simulation
#10
Sushila Arya, Zuber D Mulla, Sanja Kupesic Plavsic
BACKGROUND: Pelvic ultrasound is a critical diagnostic imaging tool in obstetrics and gynaecology. Training opportunities in transvaginal ultrasound have not kept pace with the demand among learners because of the increased complexity of modern ultrasound technology and duty-hour restrictions. Ultrasound simulation training has the potential to overcome this gap. Training opportunities in transvaginal ultrasound have not kept pace with the demand OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to determine the usefulness, applicability and attitudes toward pelvic ultrasound simulation training among residents, sonographers and practising doctors...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994033/the-effect-of-simulator-fidelity-on-acquiring-non-technical-skills-a-randomized-non-inferiority-trial
#11
Yuqi Gu, Tobias Witter, Patty Livingston, Purnima Rao, Terry Varshney, Tom Kuca, M Dylan Bould
INTRODUCTION: As simulator fidelity (i.e., realism) increases from low to high, the simulator more closely resembles the real environment, but it also becomes more expensive. It is generally assumed that the use of high-fidelity simulators results in better learning; however, the effect of fidelity on learning non-technical skills (NTS) is unknown. This was a non-inferiority trial comparing the efficacy of high- vs low-fidelity simulators on learning NTS. METHODS: Thirty-six postgraduate medical trainees were recruited for the trial...
October 6, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987895/evaluating-best-educational-practices-student-satisfaction-and-self-confidence-in-simulation-a-descriptive-study
#12
Karen A Zapko, Mary Lou Gemma Ferranto, Rachael Blasiman, Debra Shelestak
BACKGROUND: The National League for Nursing (NLN) has endorsed simulation as a necessary teaching approach to prepare students for the demanding role of professional nursing. Questions arise about the suitability of simulation experiences to educate students. Empirical support for the effect of simulation on patient outcomes is sparse. Most studies on simulation report only anecdotal results rather than data obtained using evaluative tools. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine student perception of best educational practices in simulation and to evaluate their satisfaction and self-confidence in simulation...
September 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985729/a-novel-bedside-cardiopulmonary-physical-diagnosis-curriculum-for-internal-medicine-postgraduate-training
#13
Brian Thomas Garibaldi, Timothy Niessen, Allan Charles Gelber, Bennett Clark, Yizhen Lee, Jose Alejandro Madrazo, Reza Sedighi Manesh, Ariella Apfel, Brandyn D Lau, Gigi Liu, Jenna VanLiere Canzoniero, C John Sperati, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Daniel J Brotman, Thomas A Traill, Danelle Cayea, Samuel C Durso, Rosalyn W Stewart, Mary C Corretti, Edward K Kasper, Sanjay V Desai
BACKGROUND: Physicians spend less time at the bedside in the modern hospital setting which has contributed to a decline in physical diagnosis, and in particular, cardiopulmonary examination skills. This trend may be a source of diagnostic error and threatens to erode the patient-physician relationship. We created a new bedside cardiopulmonary physical diagnosis curriculum and assessed its effects on post-graduate year-1 (PGY-1; interns) attitudes, confidence and skill. METHODS: One hundred five internal medicine interns in a large U...
October 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979037/a-2015-2016-survey-of-american-board-of-cardiovascular-perfusion-certified-clinical-perfusionists-perfusion-profile-and-clinical-trends
#14
Casey Turnage, Edward DeLaney, Bradley Kulat, Ann Guercio, David Palmer, Carol Ann Rosenberg, Kyle Spear, David Boyne, Charles Johnson, William Riley
To document the current perfusion workforce status and to anticipate the future demands of an ever-changing perfusion workplace environment, a valid survey is needed to help guide the future of the perfusion workforce. The American Board of Cardiovascular Perfusion (ABCP) sponsored a survey of Certified Clinical Perfusionist (CCP) demographic and clinical trends that was linked electronically to the 2015-2016 ABCP online recertification process. Of 3,875 eligible CCP's, 3,056 (78.9%) responded to the survey...
September 2017: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976437/knee-arthroscopy-simulation-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-the-imperial-knee-arthroscopy-cognitive-task-analysis-ikacta-tool
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rahul Bhattacharyya, Donald J Davidson, Kapil Sugand, Matthew J Bartlett, Rajarshi Bhattacharya, Chinmay M Gupte
BACKGROUND: Virtual-reality and cadaveric simulations are expensive and not readily accessible. Innovative and accessible training adjuncts are required to help to meet training needs. Cognitive task analysis has been used extensively to train pilots and in other surgical specialties. However, the use of cognitive task analyses within orthopaedics is in its infancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a novel cognitive task analysis tool to train novice surgeons in diagnostic knee arthroscopy in high-fidelity, phantom-limb simulation...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975529/pulse-contour-analysis-of-arterial-waveform-in-a-high-fidelity-human-patient-simulator
#16
Paolo Persona, Elisabetta Saraceni, Francesca Facchin, Enrico Petranzan, Matteo Parotto, Fabio Baratto, Carlo Ori, Sandra Rossi
The measurement of cardiac output (CO) may be useful to improve the assessment of hemodynamics during simulated scenarios. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of introducing an uncalibrated pulse contour device (MostCare, Vytech, Vygon, Padova, Italy) into the simulation environment. MostCare device was plugged to a clinical monitor and connected to the METI human patient simulator (HPS) to obtain a continuous arterial waveform analysis and CO calculation. In six different simulated clinical scenarios (baseline, ventricular failure, vasoplegic shock, hypertensive crisis, hypovolemic shock and aortic stenosis), the HPS-CO and the MostCare-CO were simultaneously recorded...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971958/mutation-rate-evolution-in-partially-selfing-and-partially-asexual-organisms
#17
Camille Gervais, Denis Roze
Different factors may influence the evolution of the mutation rate of a species: costs associated with DNA replication fidelity, indirect selection caused by the mutations produced (that should generally favor lower mutation rates, given that most mutations affecting fitness are deleterious) and genetic drift, that may render selection acting on weak mutators inefficient. In this paper, we use a two-locus model to compute the strength of indirect selection acting on a modifier locus that affects the mutation rate towards a deleterious allele at a second, linked locus, in a population undergoing partial selfing or partial clonality...
October 2, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968282/recent-advances-of-simulation-in-obstetric-anesthesia
#18
Leslie A Schornack, Curtis L Baysinger, May C M Pian-Smith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Simulation training in obstetric anesthesia has become widespread in recent years. Simulations are used to train staff and trainees, assess and improve team performance, and evaluate the work environment. This review summarizes current research in these categories. RECENT FINDINGS: Simulation to improve individual technical skills has focused on induction of general anesthesia for emergent cesarean delivery, an infrequently encountered scenario by anesthesia trainees...
September 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966182/effectiveness-of-standardized-patient-simulations-in-teaching-clinical-communication-skills-to-dental-students
#19
Carly T McKenzie, Ken R Tilashalski, Dawn Taylor Peterson, Marjorie Lee White
The aim of this study was to investigate dental students' long-term retention of clinical communication skills learned in a second-year standardized patient simulation at one U.S. dental school. Retention was measured by students' performance with an actual patient during their fourth year. The high-fidelity simulation exercise focused on clinical communication skills took place during the spring term of the students' second year. The effect of the simulation was measured by comparing the fourth-year clinical performance of two groups: those who had participated in the simulation (intervention group; Class of 2016) and those who had not (no intervention/control group; Class of 2015)...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952663/psychological-considerations-in-submarine-escape-training-brief-overview-and-future-directions
#20
Charles H Van Wijk
The inability of a submarine to surface must rate as one of greatest risks to sailors in peacetime. To prepare for such emergencies, many navies provide training to master the procedures required to escape successfully from disabled submarines. This paper provides a brief overview of some of the psychological principles in simulated submarine escape training. It further discusses applicable psychological constructs such as positive outcome expectancies, the role of anxiety, and other personal factors mediating outcomes of such training...
2017: International Maritime Health
keyword
keyword
2413
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"