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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690713/-value-of-sepsis-single-disease-manage-system-in-predicting-mortality-in-patients-with-sepsis
#1
J Chen, L H Wang, B Ouyang, M Y Chen, J F Wu, Y J Liu, Z M Liu, X D Guan
Objective: To observe the effect of sepsis single-disease manage system on the improvement of sepsis treatment and the value in predicting mortality in patients with sepsis. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted. Patients with sepsis admitted to the Department of Surgical Intensive Care Unit of Sun Yat-Sen University First Affiliated Hospital from September 22, 2013 to May 5, 2015 were enrolled in this study. Sepsis single-disease manage system (Rui Xin clinical data manage system, China data, China) was used to monitor 25 clinical quality parameters, consisting of timeliness, normalization and outcome parameters...
April 3, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682549/preliminary-exploration-of-epidemiologic-and-hemodynamic-characteristics-of-restrictive-filling-diastolic-dysfunction-based-on-echocardiography-in-critically-ill-patients-a-retrospective-study
#2
Yi Li, Wanhong Yin, Yao Qin, Xueying Zeng, Tongjuan Zou, Xiaoting Wang, Yangong Chao, Lina Zhang, Yan Kang, Chinese Critical Ultrasound Study Group Ccusg
Objective: To preliminarily describe the epidemiologic and hemodynamic characteristics of critically ill patients with restrictive filling diastolic dysfunction based on echocardiography. Setting: A retrospective study. Methods: Epidemiologic characteristics of patients with restrictive filling diastolic dysfunction in ICU were described; clinical and hemodynamic data were preliminarily summarized and compared between patients with and without restrictive filling diastolic dysfunction; most of the data were based on echocardiography...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670871/echocardiographic-evaluation-of-ventricular-function-for-the-neonatologist-and-pediatric-intensivist
#3
REVIEW
Cécile Tissot, Yogen Singh, Nicole Sekarski
In the neonatal and pediatric intensive care setting, bedside cardiac ultrasound is often used to assess ventricular dimensions and function. Depending upon the underlying disease process, it is necessary to be able to evaluate the systolic and diastolic function of left and or right ventricles. The systolic function of left ventricle is mostly assessed qualitatively on visual inspection "eye-balling" and quantitatively by measuring circumferential fraction shortening or calculating the ejection fraction by Simpson's planimetry...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650049/variation-in-general-supportive-and-preventive-intensive-care-management-of-traumatic-brain-injury-a-survey-in-66-neurotrauma-centers-participating-in-the-collaborative-european-neurotrauma-effectiveness-research-in-traumatic-brain-injury-center-tbi-study
#4
Jilske A Huijben, Victor Volovici, Maryse C Cnossen, Iain K Haitsma, Nino Stocchetti, Andrew I R Maas, David K Menon, Ari Ercole, Giuseppe Citerio, David Nelson, Suzanne Polinder, Ewout W Steyerberg, Hester F Lingsma, Mathieu van der Jagt
BACKGROUND: General supportive and preventive measures in the intensive care management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) aim to prevent or limit secondary brain injury and optimize recovery. The aim of this survey was to assess and quantify variation in perceptions on intensive care unit (ICU) management of patients with TBI in European neurotrauma centers. METHODS: We performed a survey as part of the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) study...
April 13, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648880/evolving-challenges-in-pediatric-pulmonary-medicine-new-opportunities-to-re-invigorate-the-field
#5
Joseph M Collaco, Steven H Abman
Thirty years after the first board certification examination for pediatric pulmonology was administered there remain substantial challenges in attracting trainees and sustaining and retaining clinician-scientists in the field. In fact, significant workforce shortages are predicted to exist with current fellowship graduation rates and the aging of the existing workforce. However, the rapid diagnostic and therapeutic advances occurring in the field should serve as draw for trainees. In addition, pediatric pulmonologists provide unique expertise for the diversity and severity of respiratory conditions that is not duplicated by generalists, allergists, intensivists, or neonatologists...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648414/assessment-of-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-in-critically-ill-patients-at-the-time-of-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-intensivists-in-training-for-echocardiography-versus-experienced-operators
#6
Federico Franchi, Matteo Cameli, Fabio S Taccone, Loredana Mazzetti, Elisa Bigio, Martina Contorni, Sergio Mondillo, Sabino Scolletta
BACKGROUND: The biplane Simpson's method is considered the gold standard to assess and monitor left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) in critically ill patients. Recently, a new semiautomatic technique based on speckle tracking echocardiography called "Auto-EF" has been introduced. We compared LVEF values obtained with biplane Simpson's method and Auto-EF by two groups of operators: trainee echocardiography intensivists and experienced echocardiographers. METHODS: A standard transthoracic echocardiography was performed on 37 patients...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629982/end-of-life-care-in-icus-in-east-asia-a-comparison-among-china-korea-and-japan
#7
So Young Park, Jason Phua, Masaji Nishimura, Yiyun Deng, Yan Kang, Keiichi Tada, Younsuck Koh
OBJECTIVES: To compare physicians' perceptions and practice of end-of-life care in the ICU in three East Asian countries cultures similarly rooted in Confucianism. DESIGN: A structured and scenario-based survey of physicians who managed ICU patients from May 2012 to December 2012. SETTING: ICUs in China, Korea, and Japan. SUBJECTS: Specialists who are either intensivists or nonintensivist primary attending physicians in charge of patients (195 in China, 186 in Korea, 224 in Japan)...
April 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628674/the-intensive-care-unit-perspective-of-becoming-a-level-i-trauma-center-challenges-of-strategy-leadership-and-operations-management
#8
Richard H Savel, Wess Cohen, Dena Borgia, Ronald J Simon
The primary purpose of this narrative is to elucidate the numerous significant changes that occur at the intensive care unit (ICU) level as a medical center pursues becoming a Level I trauma center. Specifically, we will focus on the following important areas: (1) leadership and strategy issues behind the decision to move forward with becoming a trauma center; (2) preparation needed to take a highly functioning surgical ICU and align it for the inevitable changes that happen as trauma go-live occurs; (3) intensivist staffing changes; (4) roles for and training of advanced practice practitioners; (5) graduate medical education issues; (6) optimizing interactions with closely related services; (7) nursing, staffing, and training issues; (8) bed allocation issues; and (9) reconciling the advantages of a "unified adult critical care service" with the realities of the central relationship between trauma and surgical critical care...
January 2018: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628014/invasive-candidiasis-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-2-tertiary-care-centers
#9
Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Hussam Sakkijha, Raymond Khan, Tarek Aldabbagh, Aron Toledo, Pendo Ntinika, Sameera M Al Johani, Yaseen M Arabi
BACKGROUND: Invasive candidiasis is not uncommon in critically ill patients but has variable epidemiology and outcomes between intensive care units (ICUs). This study evaluated the epidemiology, characteristics, management, and outcomes of patients with invasive candidiasis at 6 ICUs of 2 tertiary care centers. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of all adults admitted to 6 ICUs in 2 different hospitals between August 2012 and May 2016 and diagnosed to have invasive candidiasis by 2 intensivists according to predefined criteria...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625595/psychometric-properties-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-confusion-assessment-method-for-the-intensive-care-unit-cam-icu
#10
Maha H Aljuaid, Ahmad M Deeb, Maamoun Dbsawy, Daniah Alsayegh, Moteb Alotaibi, Yaseen M Arabi
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that critically ill patients undergo routine delirium monitoring with a valid and reliable tool such as the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU). However, the validity and reliability of the Arabic version of the CAM-ICU has not been investigated. Here, we test the validity and reliability of the Arabic CAM-ICU. METHODS: We conducted a psychometric study at ICUs in a tertiary-care hospital in Saudi Arabia...
April 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614962/daily-routine-versus-on-demand-chest-radiograph-policy-and-practice-in-adult-icu-patients-clinicians-perspective
#11
Abdullah Al Shahrani, Khaled Al-Surimi
BACKGROUND: Chest radiographs are taken daily as a part of routine investigations in Intensive care unit (ICU) patients. They are less effective and unlikely to alter the management of the majority of these patients compared to the radiographs obtained when indicated. According to the American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness criteria, only selective ordering of chest radiographs is recommended, including elderly or high risk patients. The aim of this study was to identify and assess the clinician's perspective in abandoning the current practice of daily routine chest radiograph and replacing with the on-demand radiograph in Saudi hospitals...
April 3, 2018: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590756/improved-outcomes-with-integrated-intensivist-consultation-for-cardiac-surgery-patients
#12
Omer W Sultan, Lori L Boland, Tyler G Kinzy, Roman R Melamed, Susan C Seatter, Robert S Farivar, Lisa L Kirkland, Maximilian Mulder
This study examined the impact of integrated intensivist consultation in the immediate postoperative period on outcomes for cardiac surgery patients. A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 1711 adult cardiac surgery patients from a single quaternary care center in Minnesota. Outcomes were compared across 2 consecutive 2-year time periods reflecting an elective intensivist model (n = 801) and an integrated intensivist model (n = 910). Patients under the 2 models were comparable with respect to demographics, comorbidities, procedure types, and Society for Thoracic Surgery predicted risk of mortality score; however, patients in the earlier cohort were slightly older and more likely to have chronic kidney disease ( P = ...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589453/-multidisciplinary-approach-to-surgical-disorders-of-the-pancreas-in-children
#13
J Šnajdauf, M Rygl, O Petrů, B Frýbová, J Náhlovský, V Mixa, R Keil, J Bronský, M Kynčl, R Kodet
INTRODUCTION: Surgical diseases of the pancreas in children are not common and may be associated with significant morbidity and potential mortality. A multidisciplinary approach is essential for correct diagnosis, surgical strategy and postoperative as well as follow-up care. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of patients operated on due to a pathological lesion of the pancreas focused on diagnostics, operating procedures, postoperative complications, and long-term results...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582542/an-observational-cohort-study-of-outcomes-in-patients-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-unit-for-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Sivanth Sivakumar, Angus McNally, Jonathan Tobin, Jonathan Williamson, A Anders Aneman
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are often referred to the intensive care unit (ICU) for non-invasive respiratory support. AIMS: To describe the characteristics of patients with AECOPD admitted to ICU focusing on the performance of ICU prognostic systems, decisions to limit medical therapy and mortality outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients admitted between 2009-16, separately in patients with active treatment and limitation or withdrawal of medical therapy...
March 27, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578514/mechanical-ventilation-boot-camp-curriculum
#15
Jennifer Yee, Alma Benner, Jared Hammond, Bethany Malone, Charles Fuenning, Richard George, Rami A Ahmed
Medical management of mechanically ventilated patients is challenging to novice providers. Incorrect management of this population may lead to increased morbidity and mortality. A three-day simulation-based boot camp serves to provide one-on-one instruction with a critical care provider. These intensivists may dispense personalized immediate feedback as learners engage in hands-on practice with a real mechanical ventilator. Multiple different pathologies can be reviewed that may not be encountered in the clinical setting...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577004/staged-surgical-palliation-for-hlhs-in-a-girl-with-severe-factor-x-deficiency
#16
Ahmed F Elmahrouk, Mohamed F Ismail, Abdulbadee Bugis, Nashwa Badawy, Hesham Mohamed Aboelghar, Tamer Hamouda, Ahmed Jamjoom
Background  Factor X deficiency (also known as Stuart-Prower factor deficiency) is an autosomal recessive extremely rare hereditary hematologic disorder, affecting around 1:1,000,000 of the general population. Case Presentation  This case report describes a patient with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and severe factor X deficiency, who underwent staged surgical palliation. From stage 1 Norwood palliation, through superior cavopulmonary anastomosis and ending with total cavopulmonary connection with satisfactory hemostasis and no significant perioperative bleeding complication...
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574222/the-dilemma-of-anticoagulating-patients-with-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-who-underwent-decompressive-craniectomy
#17
Plinio Duarte Mendes, Clayton Lucas da Silva Lopes, Diogo Mendes França, Jarbas Carvalhais Reis, Augusto Cesar de Jesus Santos, Rogerio Zenobio Darwich
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon subtype of cerebrovascular accident. The time to be allowed between decompressive craniectomy (DC) and the onset of anticoagulation in patients diagnosed with CVT is still a controversial topic among neurosurgeons, neurologists, and intensivists. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a brief clinical case report of a female patient who underwent DC and was later diagnosed with CVT, for whom anticoagulation was initiated 24 hours postoperatively...
March 21, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570107/extensive-myocardial-calcification-in-critically-ill-patients
#18
Natacha Kapandji, Alban Redheuil, Pierre Fouret, Guillaume Hékimian, Guillaume Lebreton, Nicolas Bréchot, Charles-Edouard Luyt, Philippe Cluzel, Alain Combes, Matthieu Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: To describe an unusual complication on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. DATA SOURCES: Clinical observation. STUDY SELECTION: Case report. DATA EXTRACTION: Relevant clinical information. DATA SYNTHESIS: We report the cases of three young patients who developed extensive myocardial calcifications on prolonged extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome with septic cardiomyopathy, postresuscitation cardiogenic shock, and septic shock complicating severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, respectively...
March 21, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565639/otolaryngology-in-critical-care
#19
Jisha Joshua, Eric Scholten, Daniel Schaerer, Mahmood F Mafee, Thomas H Alexander, Laura E Crotty Alexander
Diseases affecting the ear, nose and throat are prevalent in intensive care settings and often require combined medical and surgical management. Upper airway occlusion can occur from malignant tumor growth, allergic reactions, and bleeding events and may require close monitoring and interventions by intensivists, sometimes necessitating surgical management. With the increased prevalence of immunocompromised patients, aggressive infections of the head and neck likewise require prompt recognition and treatment...
March 22, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564192/herpes-simplex-virus-encephalitis-atypical-presentation-as-a-right-middle-cerebral-artery-stroke
#20
Maria Shoaib, Jacqueline J Kraus, Muhammad T Khan
Herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSVE) is a medical emergency associated with high mortality and morbidity. Definitive diagnosis is established by history, clinical examination, neuroimaging studies, supportive electroencephalogram (EEG) findings, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis. We report a case of HSVE presenting as a stroke mimic in a 76-year-old female with a history of atrial fibrillation on warfarin. She was admitted to our medical intensive care unit with intermittent fever, lethargy, and new onset left-sided hemiparesis...
January 15, 2018: Curēus
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