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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919878/pharmacy-residency-training-measured-through-a-standardized-knowledge-test
#1
Amy N Thompson, Brian P McKinzie, Jason S Haney, Jean M Nappi, Nicole Pilch
PURPOSE: The use of a standardized knowledge test to assess postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency training was evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a prospectively administered exam. A bank of questions was developed by preceptors from each of the core rotation disciplines: general medicine (including ambulatory care and oncology), pediatrics, critical care (including transplantation), drug information, operations, practice management, and psychiatry...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899827/effect-of-communication-style-on-perceptions-of-medication-side-effect-risk-among-pharmacy-students
#2
Ruta V Sawant, Collin R Beatty, Sujit S Sansgiry
Objective. To assess the effect of communication style, and frequency and severity of medication side-effects, on pharmacy students' perception of risk of experiencing side effects. Methods. One hundred responses from pharmacy students were obtained using an online survey. Participants were presented with a drug information box containing drug name, drug usage, and one side-effect associated with the drug. Information on side-effect for each drug was presented in one of eight experimental conditions, in a 2 (side-effect frequency: low, high), X2 (side-effect severity: mild, severe) X2 (communication style: verbal, verbal + natural frequency) factorial design...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891635/potential-association-between-drug-shortages-and-high-cost-medications
#3
Erin R Fox, Linda S Tyler
Shortages and sudden price increases of certain drugs may both occur emergently, with little to no warning, and they can have a dramatic impact on patient care. Little data are available linking drug shortages and price increases. Many of the same characteristics that may make medications susceptible to shortages can also place them at risk for sudden price increases. These characteristics include unapproved drugs, off-patent sole-source medications, and infrequently used medications. We reviewed drug shortage data from the University of Utah Drug Information Service to demonstrate how frequently these characteristics occurred and resulted in higher drug prices...
November 5, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887032/provider-perception-of-pharmacy-services-in-the-patient-centered-medical-home
#4
Nicole P Albanese, Alyssa M Pignato, Scott V Monte
BACKGROUND: Despite the positive data on clinical outcomes, cost savings, and provider experience, no study has surveyed providers to evaluate what pharmacy services they find to be worthwhile. OBJECTIVE: To determine what clinical, cost/access, and educational pharmacy services providers in a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) consider worthwhile and the perceived barriers to successful pharmacist incorporation. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was distributed to primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants in a PCMH physician group...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866956/accuracy-and-completeness-of-drug-information-in-wikipedia-medication-monographs
#5
Timothy Reilly, William Jackson, Victoria Berger, Danielle Candelario
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to determine the accuracy and completeness of drug information on Wikipedia and Micromedex compared with U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved U.S. product inserts. METHODS: The top 10 brand and top 10 generic medications from the 2012 Institute for Health Informatics' list of top 200 drugs were selected for evaluation. Wikipedia medication information was evaluated and compared with Micromedex in 7 sections of drug information; the U...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843574/a-review-of-american-pharmacy-education-training-technology-and-practice
#6
REVIEW
Scott J Knoer, Allison R Eck, Amber J Lucas
In the United States, pharmacists are responsible for the provision of safe, effective, efficient, and accountable medication related-care for hospital and health-system patients. Leveraging automated technologies, pharmacy technicians, and pharmacist extenders are the means through which efficient, effective, and safe medication use processes are created and maintained. These strategies limit the amount of pharmacist resources needed for nonjudgmental tasks such as medication distribution, allowing more capacity for advanced direct patient care roles...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837044/development-of-a-systematic-approach-to-pharmaceutical-industry-s-patient-assistance-programs-on-accessing-unfunded-cancer-drugs
#7
Victoria Kletas, Mario de Lemos
BACKGROUND: New oncology drugs usually become commercially available several months before the funding decisions are made by provincial public payers. Increasingly, patient assistance programs are being set up by pharmaceutical companies in order to facilitate access of their new cancer drugs before public funding decisions are finalized. We discovered that there is a need to keep this information up to date and available in a central repository, thus we have created a centralized patient assistance chart for use by all who require information on accessing unfunded drugs in our province...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830905/-drug-safety-associated-with-the-change-of-digitalis-drug-in-norway
#8
Christian Haga, Mimi Stokke Opdal, Silja Skogstad Tuv, Per Henrik Zahl, Hanne Stenberg-Nilsen
BACKGROUND In 2011, following a period with delivery problems, the only registered digitoxin drug in Norway was replaced with digoxin. As a result, approximately 21 000 patients had to replace digitoxin with digoxin. There are important pharmacokinetic differences between digitoxin and digoxin (the general term for both drugs is digitalis), which must be taken into account when changing therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate compliance of drug security, during the transition from digitoxin to digoxin in Norway...
November 2016: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828930/neonatal-icu-system-safety-a-pilot-test-for-medication-error-by-using-fuzzy-grey-relational-analysis
#9
Xin Zhang, Shih-Yu Lee, Jingli Chen, Huaping Liu
This study analyzed risk factors for medication/near-miss errors in the neonatal intensive care unit by using Grey Relational Analysis based on self-incident reports from staff nurses. The ASSESS-ERR Medication System Worksheet was used. A total of 156 medication/near-miss errors were found across 5 stages of the medication use process. The order prescribing stage had the most errors. The highest systemic risk factors were critical drug information missing; environmental, staffing, and workflow problems; and lack of staff education...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822150/evaluation-of-resources-for-analyzing-drug-interactions
#10
Risha I Patel, Robert D Beckett
OBJECTIVE: The research sought to evaluate seven drug information resources, specifically designed for analyzing drug interactions for scope, completeness, and ease of use, and determine the consistency of content among the seven resources. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted where 100 drug-drug and drug-dietary supplement interactions were analyzed using 7 drug information resources: Lexicomp Interactions module, Micromedex Drug Interactions, Clinical Pharmacology Drug Interaction Report, Facts & Comparisons eAnswers, Stockley's Drug Interactions (10th edition), Drug Interactions Analysis and Management (2014), and Drug Interaction Facts (2015)...
October 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796467/an-evaluation-of-the-completeness-of-drug-drug-interaction-related-information-in-package-inserts
#11
Giok Qin Ng, Grant Edward Sklar, Hui Ting Chng
PURPOSE: The project aimed to evaluate the completeness of drug-drug interaction (DDI)-related information in package inserts (PIs) and develop a systematic approach to conduct the evaluation. METHODS: DDI-related information in the branded PIs of statins, macrolides, protease inhibitors and selected drugs of narrow therapeutic index (DNTI) were evaluated against the criteria distilled from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) labelling recommendation guidance document...
October 29, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785168/chronic-disease-medications-and-lifestyle-perceptions-from-a-regional-victorian-aboriginal-community
#12
Melissa Deacon-Crouch, Isabelle Skinner, Mo Connelly, Joseph Tucci
BACKGROUND: Poor medication management may contribute to the increased morbidity and mortality of Aboriginal people in Australia. Yet while there is extensive literature about the perceptions of healthcare providers on this issue, there is limited information on the perceptions of Aboriginal people themselves. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the perceptions of a group of Aboriginal people attending a Victorian regional Aboriginal Health Service (AHS) with diagnosed medical conditions requiring medications, of their lifestyle, disease management and medication usage...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782288/development-of-a-standardized-rating-tool-for-drug-alerts-to-reduce-information-overload
#13
Barbara Pfistermeister, Brita Sedlmayr, Andrius Patapovas, Gerald Suttner, Ozan Tektas, Aleksey Tarkhov, Johannes Kornhuber, Martin F Fromm, Thomas Bürkle, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Renke Maas
BACKGROUND: A well-known problem in current clinical decision support systems (CDSS) is the high number of alerts, which are often medically incorrect or irrelevant. This may lead to the so-called alert fatigue, an overriding of alerts, including those that are clinically relevant, and underuse of CDSS in general. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to develop and to apply a standardized tool that allows its users to evaluate the quality of system-generated drug alerts...
October 26, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770672/population-based-analysis-of-breast-cancer-treatment-by-intrinsic-sub-type-in-manitoba-canada
#14
Elizabeth Hammond, Emma Shu, Karagin Sawchuk, Yvonne Myal, Afshin Raouf, Thomas Klonisch, Sabine Hombach-Klonisch, Etienne Leygue, Sam Kung, Janice Safneck, Michael Mowat, Wayne Xu, Leigh Murphy, Marshall Pitz
BACKGROUND: Few descriptive epidemiological studies on the incidence, treatment and survival can accurately reflect a whole population. Manitoba, Canada has an accurate cancer registry, a drug information program network and a breast screening program since 1995. This combined with a stable population provides true population data that can accurately describe the region. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort design all Breast Cancer cases were obtained from 2004-2010 (N=5399) and grouped by Intrinsic sub-type...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760686/commentary-the-value-of-prep-for-people-who-inject-drugs
#15
Rosalind L Coleman, Susie McLean
INTRODUCTION: The offer of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as an additional option for HIV prevention for people at substantial risk of HIV infection as part of combination HIV prevention approaches. Implementing this depends on integrating PrEP in public health programmes that address risky practices with evidence-based interventions, and that operate in an enabling legal and policy environment for the delivery of health services to those at higher risk of HIV infection...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737872/dalteparin-sodium-induced-drug-fever-in-a-neonate
#16
Dirk Wackernagel, Sami Obaya, Per Nydert
Drug fever caused by dalteparin-sodium (DS), a low-molecular-weight derivative of heparin, is neither listed in the official drug information and nor published as a case report until today. A preterm infant, born at 26 weeks of gestation, developed fever 2 days after starting a treatment with DS for an intracardial thrombus. The fever reverses soon after changing the treatment to unfractionated heparin and reappeared after reintroduction of DS. Once again, after discontinuing DS, the infant regained normothermia...
October 13, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722216/drug-information-association-dia-52nd-annual-meeting-june-26-30-2016-philadelphia-pennsylvania-usa
#17
R Ballinger, M Spence, W Chalkley
The Drug Information Association's Annual Meeting is the largest global event which crosses all disciplines involved in the discovery development and life cycle management of healthcare products. The 2016 meeting, its 52nd occurrence, brought experts from regulatory and government agencies, industry, academia and health and patient organizations together to discuss novel therapies in development and how to use these to enhance health and well-being in patient groups, with the hope of increasing knowledge across all areas involved...
August 2016: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721536/drug-related-problems-associated-with-self-medication-and-medication-guided-by-prescription-a-pharmacy-based-survey
#18
Abinash Panda, Supriya Pradhan, Gurukrushna Mohapatra, Jigyansa Mohapatra
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to identify and compare the nature of the drug-related problems (DRPs) associated with self-medication and non-self-medication (drug use guided by a prescription). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional, observational study was conducted on 1100 adult participants at a convenience sample of six retail private pharmacy counters. The data collection form was based on the Pharmaceutical Care Network Europe version 6.2 classification for DRPs...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716188/circle-of-care-modelling-an-approach-to-assist-in-reasoning-about-healthcare-change-using-a-patient-centric-system
#19
Morgan Price
BACKGROUND: Many health system and health Information and Communication Technology (ICT) projects do not achieve their expected benefits. This paper presents an approach to exploring changes in the healthcare system to better understand the expected improvements and other changes by using a patient-centric modelling approach. Circle of care modeling (CCM) was designed to assist stakeholders in considering healthcare system changes using a patient centric approach. METHODS: The CCM approach is described...
October 4, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678076/a-drug-target-slim-using-gene-ontology-and-gene-ontology-annotations-to-navigate-protein-ligand-target-space-in-chembl
#20
Prudence Mutowo, A Patrícia Bento, Nathan Dedman, Anna Gaulton, Anne Hersey, Jane Lomax, John P Overington
BACKGROUND: The process of discovering new drugs is a lengthy, time-consuming and expensive process. Modern day drug discovery relies heavily on the rapid identification of novel 'targets', usually proteins that can be modulated by small molecule drugs to cure or minimise the effects of a disease. Of the 20,000 proteins currently reported as comprising the human proteome, just under a quarter of these can potentially be modulated by known small molecules Storing information in curated, actively maintained drug discovery databases can help researchers access current drug discovery information quickly...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
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