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"drug information"

Dlal Abdulrahman Almazrou, Sheraz Ali, Jasser Ali Alzhrani
Background: The complexity of drug therapies has increased the need to evaluate the drug information scientifically. In this regard, the aim of drug information centers (DICs) is to promote rational use of drugs in a health-care setting. DI pharmacists play a vital role in providing the necessary and reliable information on drugs to promote the concept of rational drug use, eventually leading to a better patient outcome. The objective of the present study was to assess the drug-related queries received by the DIC at the King Saud Medical City (KSMC) from health-care professionals working in a large tertiary care setting...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Carmen Crespo-Gonzalez, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Inajara Rotta, Cassyano J Correr, Shalom I Benrimoj, Victoria Garcia-Cardenas
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacists have adopted an active role in asthma management. This review aimed to analyze the intervention dose, understood as the "amount of program delivered," and core components of the intervention provided by pharmacists in asthma management. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted in December 2016 using PubMed. STUDY SELECTION: A 2-stage approach was used. At the first stage, systematic reviews of pharmacists' interventions in asthma management were identified...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Amir Sarayani, Mojgan Mashayekhi, Marzieh Nosrati, Zahra Jahangard-Rafsanjani, Mohammadreza Javadi, Navid Saadat, Sheyda Najafi, Kheirollah Gholami
Background Pharmacists' interventions to improve outcomes of diabetes management have been promising. However, evidence on using telephone-based interventions in pharmacy practice are limited, particularly in developing countries. Objective To evaluate the efficacy of a telephone-based intervention to improve care and clinical outcomes in type-2 diabetes. Setting A referral community pharmacy and drug information center. Method We conducted a two-armed randomized controlled trial on 100 patients with type-2 diabetes...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Fatemeh Alipour, Farzad Peiravian, Gholamhossein Mehralian
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacists play a pivotal role in the health continuum, and the perceptions and expectations of physicians towards pharmacists have been reported as a key factor in the interprofessional relationship. This study aimed to elicit the perceptions and expectations of physicians towards the role of pharmacists in hospitals to clarify the level of interaction between physicians and pharmacists in hospital settings. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted to collect data in 2016...
February 2, 2018: BMJ Open
Lucas M Okumura, Sacha A da Silva Ries, Clarice F Meneses, Mariana B Michalowski, Maria Angelica P Ferreira, Leila B Moreira
An eight-year long case series follow-up study with pediatric bone cancer patients was conducted to compare the occurrence of adverse events associated with aprepitant with official sources of drug information (manufacturer's leaflet, clinical trials, and European Medicines Agency leaflet). All patients admitted were analyzed, representing 192 aprepitant cycles. Anorexia, febrile neutropenia, and headache were observed in frequencies over 43.8 per 100 patients, which was higher than previous estimates. Adverse events were classified as probable or possible, by using Naranjo score...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Joyce A Smith, Robert L Fuino, Irena Pesis-Katz, Xueya Cai, Bethel Powers, Maria Frazer, John D Markman
Introduction: Low back pain (LBP) is among the leading indications for the prescription of opioid analgesics in clinical practice. There is increasing evidence suggesting that these agents may have diminished efficacy in the treatment of LBP. Objectives: We evaluated the relationship between depression, the probability of receiving an opioid prescription, and the amount of morphine equivalent amounts prescribed per year among patients with LBP using nationwide data...
July 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
Weidai Zhang, Jiawei Zhang, Baojun Yang, Kefei Wu, Hanfei Lin, Yanping Wang, Lihong Zhou, Huatao Wang, Chujuan Zeng, Xiao Chen, Zhixing Wang, Junxing Zhu, Chen Songming
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of oral hydration in preventing contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in patients undergoing coronary angiography or intervention has not been well established. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of oral hydration compared with intravenous hydration and other frequently used hydration strategies. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials were searched from inception to 8 October 2017...
January 29, 2018: Coronary Artery Disease
Timothy J Bloom, Jennifer D Smith, Wesley Rich
Objective. To determine the benefit of pharmacy work experience on the development of student pharmacists' professional identity. Methods. Students in all four professional years were surveyed using a validated Professional Self-identity Questionnaire (PSIQ). They were also asked about pharmacy experience prior to matriculation and their performance on Drug Information tests given midway through the P1 year and at the beginning of the P3 year. PSIQ responses and test results were compared based on pharmacy experience...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Wei-Feng Guo, Shao-Wu Zhang, Qian-Qian Shi, Cheng-Ming Zhang, Tao Zeng, Luonan Chen
BACKGROUND: The advances in target control of complex networks not only can offer new insights into the general control dynamics of complex systems, but also be useful for the practical application in systems biology, such as discovering new therapeutic targets for disease intervention. In many cases, e.g. drug target identification in biological networks, we usually require a target control on a subset of nodes (i.e., disease-associated genes) with minimum cost, and we further expect that more driver nodes consistent with a certain well-selected network nodes (i...
January 19, 2018: BMC Genomics
Helen W Sullivan, Amie C O'Donoghue, Jennifer Gard Read, Jacqueline B Amoozegar, Kathryn J Aikin, Douglas J Rupert
BACKGROUND: Direct-to-consumer (DTC) promotion of prescription drugs can affect consumer behaviors and health outcomes, and Internet drug promotion is growing rapidly. Branded drug websites often capitalize on the multimedia capabilities of the Internet by using videos to emphasize drug benefits and characteristics. However, it is unknown how such videos affect consumer processing of drug information. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine how videos on prescription drug websites, and the inclusion of risk information in those videos, influence consumer knowledge and perceptions...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jan Anker Jahnsen, Sofia Frost Widnes, Jan Schjøtt
Background: Health professionals may advise women to either stop breastfeeding or drug treatment due to restrictive advice in drug monographs. Regional medicines information and pharmacovigilance centres in Norway (RELIS) provide free and industry-independent answers to questions about drugs and breastfeeding documented in a full-text, searchable database (RELIS database). We used the RELIS database to describe which health care practitioners sought information about medication safety in lactation, most common drugs involved, advice provided and which resources were used to provide the advice...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Gurpreet Kaur Randhawa, Rajeev Sharma, Navyug Raj Singh, Nidhi Sharma
Background: For safe use of medicines, awareness regarding the existing knowledge of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) is essential to prevent, identify, and manage them. Aim: The present study is planned to assess variation in documented ADRs of antihypertensive drugs in various sources of drug information. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional, observational study was undertaken to analyze the different sources of ADRs-related information...
October 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Jessica M Biggs, Jill A Morgan, Allison B Lardieri, Omayma A Kishk, Wendy Klein-Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: The use of dietary supplements has increased and is associated with adverse effects. Indications for use include recreation, body image concerns, mood enhancement, or control of medical conditions. The risk of adverse effects may be enhanced if agents are used improperly. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of abuse and misuse of 4 dietary substances among adolescents reported nationally to poison centers. Secondary outcomes included an assessment of medical outcomes, clinical effects, location of treatments provided, and treatments administered...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Michael P Gabay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
Bridget Paravattil, Noha El Sakrmy, Shahd Shaar
INTRODUCTION: Observations have shown a lack of evidence-based medicine (EBM) knowledge and skills among community pharmacy preceptors in Qatar. These skills are important when delivering evidence-based recommendations to healthcare providers and patients. The aim of this study was to explore the community pharmacy preceptors' knowledge and understanding of EBM and to identify challenges in applying this approach to community practice. METHODS: A survey instrument was developed to assess the knowledge of community pharmacy preceptors related to EBM...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Navaneeth Narayanan, Clifton R Lacy, Joseph E Cruz, Meghan Nahass, Jonathan Karp, Joseph A Barone, Evelyn R Hermes-DeSantis
Biological disasters can be natural, accidental, or intentional. Biological threats have made a lasting impact on civilization. This review focuses on agents of clinical significance, bioterrorism, and national security, specifically Category A agents (anthrax, botulism, plague, tularemia, and smallpox), as well as briefly discusses other naturally emerging infections of public health significance, Ebola virus (also a Category A agent) and Zika virus. The role of pharmacists in disaster preparedness and disaster response is multifaceted and important...
February 2018: Pharmacotherapy
Cortney M Mospan, Katelyn M Alexander
BACKGROUND: Drug utilization review (DUR) is a central role of the pharmacist, especially within the community pharmacy setting. Previous literature has shown risk of "alert fatigue", supporting the necessity of pharmacists to utilize a step-wise approach in evaluation of drug therapy during the verification process. Many students are intimidated by this process, and may lack verification practice or experience until their first day as a licensed pharmacist. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: An innovative skills-based laboratory exercise was developed for third-year pharmacy students to develop DUR skills...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Chris Gillette, Robert B Stanton, H Glenn Anderson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to describe the extent that student performance on in-class exams in a drug information course is associated with student performance on medication counseling in a high-stakes assessment using standardized patients (SP). METHODS: Students completed two traditional knowledge-based exams during a drug information and communication course. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) was the final exam for the course...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Jay R Fajiculay, Bhavini T Parikh, Casey V Wright, Amy Heck Sheehan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe student perceptions of implementation of digital badges in a drug information and literature evaluation course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Two digital badges were developed as voluntary learning opportunities. Student perceptions were obtained through pre- and post-survey instruments consisting of selected questions from the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. FINDINGS: The response rate was 69% (106/153)...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Harry A Seifert, Raleigh E Malik, Mondira Bhattacharya, Kevin R Campbell, Sally Okun, Carrie Pierce, Jeffrey Terkowitz, J Rick Turner, Mitchell W Krucoff, Gregory E Powell
This white paper provides a summary of the presentations and discussions from a think tank on "Enabling Social Listening for Cardiac Safety Monitoring" trials that was cosponsored by the Drug Information Association and the Cardiac Safety Research Consortium, and held at the White Oak headquarters of the US Food and Drug Administration on June 3, 2016. The meeting's goals were to explore current methods of collecting and evaluating social listening data and to consider their applicability to cardiac safety surveillance...
December 2017: American Heart Journal
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