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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678484/chronic-respiratory-rhinitis
#1
R Jankowski, P Gallet, D T Nguyen, C Rumeau
The clinical distinction of chronic respiratory rhinitis appears to confirm the evo-devo theory of the three noses. The authors report two cases of advanced allergic rhinitis, in which chronic inflammation had induced a violaceous colour of the mucosa of the respiratory nose and a whitish polypoid appearance of the free edge of the middle turbinate. Nose and paranasal sinus CT scan revealed, beyond the virtual nasal cavities observed on nasal endoscopy and CT imaging, normal radiolucency or only minor opacities of the ethmoid (i...
April 17, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644866/diagnostic-accuracy-of-symptoms-endoscopy-and-imaging-signs-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-without-nasal-polyps-compared-to-allergic-rhinitis
#2
A Koskinen, J Numminen, A Markkola, J Karjalainen, T Karstila, M Seppälä, A Julkunen, R Lemmetyinen, J Pekkanen, M Rautiainen, P Dastidar, M Hytönen, S Toppila-Salmi
Objectives The diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) and distinguishing it from allergic rhinitis is difficult. Yet, early detection of CRSsNP is important to prevent progressive and severe chronic rhinosinusitis. Our aim was to compare diagnostic accuracy of symptoms, endoscopy, and imaging signs of CRSsNP and allergic rhinitis -only phenotypes. Setting Prospective controlled follow-up study. Participants Forty-two nonsmoking patients visiting tertiary care due to CRSsNP and 19 nonsmoking volunteer controls with allergic rhinitis filled a symptoms questionnaire and underwent nasal endoscopy off-seasonally...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643728/use-of-otoscope-as-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-aid-in-umbilical-pilonidal-sinus-a-novel-technique
#3
Farhanul Huda, Sudhir Kumar Singh
Introduction: Umbilical disorders are frequently encountered in general surgical practice. Although the sacrococcygeal region is the most common site for pilonidal sinus disease, it can be seen occasionally in periumbilical area. Treatment is mostly conservative for umbilical pilonidal sinus in contrast to the sacrococcygeal sinus where it is always surgical. In the era of endoscopy and minimally invasive surgery, we describe the use of otoscope as a novel technique for the diagnosis and treatment of umbilical pilonidal sinus...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626844/self-reported-anxiety-and-depression-are-unchanged-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#4
K N Adams, T A Schuman, C S Ebert, W You, M O Tomoum, B A Senior
BACKGROUND: Prior research has established that anxiety and depression, as measured by the Hospital Anxiety Depression Score (HADS), are strongly correlated with disease-specific quality of life (Rhinosinusitis Disability Index - RSDI) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). We hypothesized that anxiety and depression would decrease after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), and furthermore that HADS would predict improvement in RSDI following surgery. METHODOLOGY: The study cohort from 2014 consisted of 99 CRS patients who underwent nasal endoscopy, RSDI, and HADS evaluation...
April 8, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616903/sinonasal-ewing-sarcoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Jonathan K Lin, Jonathan Liang
INTRODUCTION: Ewing sarcoma (ES) of the sinonasal tract and associated primitive neuroectodermal tumors are rare. To our knowledge, only 10 case reports of sinonasal ES of the nose or paranasal sinuses have been reported. Furthermore, there has been only 1 case of sinonasal ES arising from the middle turbinate. Recommended management of sinonasal ES stems from the management of its osseous counterpart, ES, but treatment with surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy is varied. Five-year survival rates vary from 21% to 70%, with the lower rates representing patients presenting with metastatic disease...
March 7, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588511/structure-and-distribution-of-an-unrecognized-interstitium-in-human-tissues
#6
Petros C Benias, Rebecca G Wells, Bridget Sackey-Aboagye, Heather Klavan, Jason Reidy, Darren Buonocore, Markus Miranda, Susan Kornacki, Michael Wayne, David L Carr-Locke, Neil D Theise
Confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) provides real-time histologic imaging of human tissues at a depth of 60-70 μm during endoscopy. pCLE of the extrahepatic bile duct after fluorescein injection demonstrated a reticular pattern within fluorescein-filled sinuses that had no known anatomical correlate. Freezing biopsy tissue before fixation preserved the anatomy of this structure, demonstrating that it is part of the submucosa and a previously unappreciated fluid-filled interstitial space, draining to lymph nodes and supported by a complex network of thick collagen bundles...
March 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569385/taste-impairment-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#7
Florence Othieno, Rodney J Schlosser, Nicholas R Rowan, Kristina A Storck, Jose L Mattos, Timothy L Smith, Zachary M Soler
BACKGROUND: Though many patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) describe disturbances in smell and taste, there have been no studies specifically assessing taste impairment in CRS. This study sought to objectively assess taste dysfunction in CRS patients and determine whether taste impairment correlates with olfactory dysfunction. Additionally, this investigation sought to determine the impact of taste dysfunction on quality of life (QOL) in CRS and identify the clinical factors that influence taste...
March 23, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558026/reliability-of-computed-tomography-scans-in-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#8
Marcin Frączek, Marcin Masalski, Maciej Guziński
BACKGROUND: Paranasal computed tomography (CT) has become the investigation method of choice to confirm or exclude the diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) on the basis of its ability to deliver objective data regarding the presence of inflamed mucosa or polyps. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the reliability of CT scan findings among untreated CRS patients without the presence of polyps in a nasal endoscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Among patients with clinically demonstrated CRS considered for surgery, 93 subjects who had had 2 CT scans performed at different time points in the diagnostic process were enrolled into the study...
March 19, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554410/bilateral-pyriform-sinus-parathyroid-adenomas
#9
Thomas Muelleman, Sreeya Yalamanchali, Yelizaveta Shnayder
Parathyroid glands undergo a variable descent during embryologic development and can be found anywhere in the neck from the level of the mandible to the mediastinum. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first report of a patient who was found to have bilateral parathyroid adenomas in her pyriform sinuses. A middle-aged woman with renal failure and secondary hyperparathyroidism presented with dysphagia and was found to have bilateral pyriform sinus masses on endoscopy. We performed direct laryngoscopy and surgical excision of these masses, and they were found to be parathyroid adenomas...
March 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513386/facial-sinus-endoscopic-evaluation-radiologic-assessment-and-classification
#10
Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli, Matteo Fermi, Marco Bonali, Livio Presutti, Daniele Marchioni, Alessandra Todeschini, Lukas Anschuetz
OBJECTIVES: To describe facial sinus anatomy from an endoscopic perspective and present a radiologic classification. METHODS: Facial sinus was studied by endoscopy and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan in 39 temporal bones that underwent exclusive transcanal endoscopic approach. A radiomorphologic classification based on the relationship between the facial sinus and the mastoid portion of the facial nerve is created as follows. In type A facial sinus, the pneumatization of the facial sinus did not extend medially or posteriorly to the mastoid portion of the facial nerve...
March 7, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512804/malignant-transformation-of-nasal-inverted-papilloma-into-sarcomatoid-carcinoma
#11
Alia Zehani, Ines Chelly, Jihene Marrakchi, Ezzeddine Chouat, Ghazi Besbes, Slim Haouet, Nidhameddine Kchir
A 57 year-old, male presented with a chronic unilateral nasal obstruction and epistaxis. Intranasal endoscopy showed multiple polypoid lesions. The computed tomography exam revealed a heterogeneous mass that occupied the right nasal cavity with osteolysis of the middle and lower cone causing fluid retention of the right maxillary sinus. He underwent resection of these lesions. Pathological examination revealed malignant transformation of nasal inverted papilloma into sarcomatoid carcinoma. This case report highlights the importance of considering malignant transformation in the differential diagnosis of polypoid lesions...
June 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485571/is-coincidental-rhinosinusitis-a-predisposing-factor-for-postoperative-central-nervous-system-infection-after-endoscopic-endonasal-transsphenoidal-surgery
#12
Do Hyun Kim, Yong-Kil Hong, Sin-Soo Jeun, Jae-Sung Park, Soo Whan Kim, Jin Hee Cho, Yong Jin Park, Junghwan Kim, Moon Il Park, Sung Won Kim
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of rhinosinusitis in patients who undergo surgery via the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETSA). METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent surgery via the EETSA between February 2009 and November 2016. In total, 505 patients were included in the study. Preoperative paranasal sinus computed tomography, sellar magnetic resonance imaging, and nasal endoscopy were performed for all the patients...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481510/removal-of-the-residual-roots-displaced-into-the-maxillary-sinus-via-endoscopy
#13
Xunming Wang, Shihao Li, Zhiquan Huang, Qian Cai, Zixian Huang, Weiliang Chen
Minimally invasive endoscopic surgery has been developed for various indications in the craniomaxillofacial area. The case report presented in this article is focused on the possibility of removing the residual roots displaced into the maxillary sinus by means of an endoscopic technique. When planning endoscopic surgery to access the residual roots displaced in the maxillary sinus, we performed 2 different approaches into the maxillary sinus, a transnasal approach through the middle or inferior turbinate and transoral approach via the anterior maxillary sinus wall...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476191/characteristics-of-macrolide-responders-in-persistent-post-surgical-rhinosinusitis
#14
G M Oakley, J M Christensen, R Sacks, P Earls, R J Harvey
INTRODUCTION: The anti-inflammatory effects of long term low dose macrolide therapy have shown benefit in the management of diffuse panbronchiolitis. Dramatic responses to macrolide in the upper airway are seen but our understanding of the patient phenotype predisposing to macrolide response in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is poor. METHODS: A case control study was performed in a tertiary level rhinology practice of consecutive chronic rhinosinusitis patients placed on a 3-month low dose macrolide therapy after failing at least 3 months of corticosteroid irrigation therapy post-endoscopic sinus surgery...
February 24, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453209/recurrent-epistaxis-leading-to-diagnosis-of-primary-sinonasal-melanoma
#15
Karine Tawagi, Rita Akaraz-Avedissian, Irina Burman-Solovyeva
A 48-year-old man presented to urgent care with recurrent epistaxis over 6 months. Initially, nosebleeds were controlled with packing or cautery. Ultimately, he was referred to ear, nose and throat department and underwent nasal endoscopy which revealed polypoid tissue. A biopsy of the polyp showed non-specific inflammation with no evidence of malignancy. Follow-up maxillofacial CT revealed a large mass lesion in the right maxillary sinus, right nasal fossa, much of the ethmoids and right sphenoid, with destruction of adjacent bony structures...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447886/recurrences-of-surgery-for-antrochoanal-polyps-in-children-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Francesca Galluzzi, Lorenzo Pignataro, Marcello Maddalone, Werner Garavello
OBJECTIVES: The main purpose was to evaluate the recurrence rate after surgery for antrochoanal polyps (ACPs) in children; secondly, we have analyzed the rate of recurrence for different types of surgery and the risk factors involved. METHODS: We performed a systematic review searching PubMed and MEDLINE databases including English-language published studies from June 1989 to October 2017 regarding surgical treatment of ACPs in children. RESULTS: We included thirteen studies, eight were retrospective and five prospective, with 285 participants, the mean rate of recurrence after ACPs surgery was 15...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447326/prospective-study-on-the-outcome-of-the-sphenoid-drill-out-procedure
#17
T Van Zele, B Pauwels, F Dewaele, P Gevaert, C Bachert
BACKGROUND: Chronic sphenoid sinusitis refractory to both medical therapy and sphenoidotomy requires a more extended intervention based on the principles of salvage surgery. Our aim is to describe the sphenoid drill out technique as a sphenoid salvage intervention and to outline its implications on clinical outcome and quality of life. METHODOLOGY: 12 patients with chronic sphenoiditis undergoing a sphenoid drill out procedure were examined by nasal endoscopy preoperatively and postoperatively for one year...
February 15, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423144/nasal-hemangiopericytoma-successfully-treated-with-a-combination-of-ril-2-and-extranasal-approaches
#18
Tohru Tanigawa, Hirokazu Tanaka, Fumiya Kano, Hiromi Ueda, Shigeru Inafuku
Hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are uncommon vascular tumors originating from extracapillary cells called pericytes, and rarely occur in the nose or paranasal sinuses. We treated a 57-year-old man with nasal HPC who presented with nasal obstruction and hemorrhage. Nasal endoscopy showed a readily bleeding mass between the right nasal septum and inferior turbinate. Enhanced CT revealed a heterogeneous mass lesion with an enhancement effect that filled the right nasal cavity. A biopsy specimen was proved to exhibit a HPC histopathology...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421455/relaxing-sphenoidal-slit-incision-to-extend-the-anterior-and-posterior-reach-of-pedicled-nasoseptal-flaps-during-endoscopic-skull-base-reconstruction-of-transcribriform-defects-technical-note-and-results-in-20-patients
#19
James K Liu, Zachary S Mendelson, Gurkirat Kohli, Jean Anderson Eloy
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of large anterior skull base (ASB) defects after an endoscopic endonasal transcribriform approach (EEA-TC) remains a challenge despite the advent of the vascularized pedicled nasoseptal flap (PNSF). OBJECTIVE: We describe a relaxing PNSF slit incision that extends the anterior and posterior reach of the PNSF to maximize tensionless flap coverage of transcribriform ASB defects. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on 20 consecutive patients who underwent EEA-TC and subsequent PNSF reconstruction with a relaxing slit incision...
February 5, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416348/synovial-sarcoma-of-the-maxillary-sinus-an-extremely-rare-case-with-excellent-response-to-chemotherapy
#20
Shin Saito, Hiroyuki Ozawa, Yuuichi Ikari, Nana Nakahara, Fumihiro Ito, Mariko Sekimizu, Junichi Fukada, Kaori Kameyama, Kaoru Ogawa
This paper presents an extremely rare case of synovial sarcoma arising from the maxillary sinus, which resulted in a clinically complete response to chemotherapy. Synovial sarcoma is a rare soft tissue malignant tumor, most commonly affecting the extremities. While ~10% occur in the head and neck region, synovial sarcoma of the sinonasal tract is extremely rare, with only 11 cases having been reported previously. As with other sarcomas, the standard treatment is complete resection while allowing for a safe margin, but this is often difficult in the head and neck area due to the complicated anatomy there...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
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