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Sinus endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913724/novel-application-of-steroid-eluting-stents-in-choanal-atresia-repair-a-case-series
#1
John N Bangiyev, Nandini Govil, Anthony Sheyn, Michael Haupert, Prasad John Thottam
PURPOSE: To describe the application of mometasone furoate eluting sinus stent technology in the treatment of choanal atresia (CA) in the hopes of preventing postsurgical stenosis. METHODS: We analyzed 3 consecutive patients aged 4 days to 16 years undergoing repair of CA at a tertiary pediatric hospital. Mometasone furoate eluting sinus stents were placed intraoperatively. Postoperative need for revision surgery as well as routine surveillance endoscopy were used to determine success of surgery...
January 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891396/endoscopic-excision-of-symptomatic-simple-bone-cyst-at-skull-base
#2
Prashant Gunawat, Salman Tehran Shaikh, Vikram Karmarkar, Chandrashekhar Deopujari, Nishit Shah
Seizure is a classical feature of intra axial brain parenchymal lesion. Simple bone cyst is an unusual bony pathology at skull base presenting with unexpected symptoms of complex partial seizures. Skull base neuro-endoscopy has managed such lesions more effectively with reduced post-operative morbidity as compared to transcranial approach. This case report discusses a 20-year-old male who presented with 3 episodes of seizure over a time period of 10 months. MRI brain revealed T1 hypo and T2 hyper intense cystic lesion in middle cranial fossa with no enhancement on contrast administration...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888911/revision-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Corinna G Levine, Roy R Casiano
Refractory chronic rhinosinusitis can be challenging to treat. Initial treatment focuses on medical and nonsurgical treatments. If these treatments fail, revision endoscopic sinus surgery is an option. A plan for revision surgery must address anatomic factors contributing to recurrence. Preoperative imaging and sinonasal endoscopy are systematically reviewed; areas of disease and "danger" zones are identified. Traditional anatomic landmarks are often obscured or absent; thus, a set of consistent landmarks (unchanged despite prior surgery) are used to navigate the revision endoscopic sinus surgery...
February 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882078/debridement-in-chronic-osteomyelitis-with-benign-osteopetrosis-a-case-report
#4
Yu-Ping Liu, Xiang-Hua Lin, Man-Yun Yan, Bao-Quan Lin, Ming-Ying Zhuo
Osteopetrosis is a rare bone disease caused by metabolic imbalances as a result of genetic mutations. For instance, autosomal dominant osteopetrosis is caused by a missense mutation of the C1CN7 gene. This was first reported in 1904 and is thought to be caused by osteoclastic dysfunction and an impaired bone resorption ability. An accumulation of cortical bone mass during the remodeling of the medullary bone may increase the bone density and give rise to a hard marble consistency. Osteopetrosis can be divided into benign and malignant forms; however, no curative treatment exists for benign osteopetrosis...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863163/surgical-therapy-vs-continued-medical-therapy-for-medically-refractory-chronic-rhinosinusitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Zara M Patel, Andrew Thamboo, Luke Rudmik, Jayakar V Nayak, Timothy L Smith, Peter H Hwang
BACKGROUND: The currently accepted treatment paradigm of treating chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) first with appropriate medical therapy (AMT) and then with surgery if patients are refractory to AMT, has been criticized for lack of evidence. The objective of this study was to reassess the literature and establish the highest level of evidence possible regarding further management of CRS patients refractory to AMT. METHODS: This study was a systematic review (SR) with meta-analysis (MA)...
November 11, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860385/paranasal-sinus-size-is-decreased-in-cftr-heterozygotes-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#6
Joshua B Calton, Pradeep C Koripella, Amanda L Willis, Christopher H Le, Alexander G Chiu, Eugene H Chang
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) heterozygotes with a single mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene are at significantly higher risk to develop chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). However the reasons why remain unknown. We tested the hypothesis that CFTR heterozygotes would have smaller sinus volumes than healthy controls. To exclude sinus disease as a confounding factor we also assessed paranasal sinus volume in those with CRS, but without known CFTR mutations...
November 17, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859303/prevalence-of-polyp-recurrence-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyposis
#7
Adam S DeConde, Jess C Mace, Joshua M Levy, Luke Rudmik, Jeremiah A Alt, Timothy L Smith
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) is a disease process that is driven, in part, by intrinsic mucosal inflammation. Surgery plus continued medical therapy is commonly elected by medically recalcitrant, symptomatic patients. The objective was to evaluate the prevalence of nasal polyp recurrence up to 18 months after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) with congruent continuing medical management. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter cohort of adult patients undergoing ESS for medically recalcitrant CRSwNP performed between August 2004 and February 2015...
November 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843963/comparative-evaluation-between-two-methods-of-induced-hypotension-with-infusion-of-remifentanil-and-labetalol-during-sinus-endoscopy
#8
Parvin Sajedi, Ali Rahimian, Gholamreza Khalili
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare two methods of controlled hypotension using labetalol and remifentanil in terms of capability to create controlled hypotension and to investigate the obtained complications, and satisfaction rate of surgeon and patient during functional endoscopic sinus surgery. METHODS: In this prospective clinical trial, 62 patients underwent endoscopic sinus surgery in Al-Zahra and Ayatollah Kashani Hospitals of Isfahan were divided into two groups: in the first group, 20 mg bolus dose of labetalol and then infusion of it, at a rate of 0...
October 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833876/a-short-term-subjective-and-objective-analysis-of-modified-endoscopic-lothrop-s-procedure-and-its-functional-outcome-our-experience
#9
D R Nayak, K Pai, S Nair, B Ramaswamy, H Sabhahit
To study the short-term functional outcomes of the endoscopic modified Lothrop procedure with well defined subjective and objective criteria. It's a retrospective cohort study with chart review carried out at a tertiary referral center. 31 patients with chronic frontal sinusitis who underwent endoscopic modified Lothrop's procedure with uncinate preservation during the period Jan 2011-2014 were followed up for a period of minimum 6 months. Assessment was done post-operatively based on subjective severity score and Kennedy's 5 point endoscopic criteria...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831978/management-of-blowout-fracture-with-support-of-video-endoscopy-in-a-pediatric-patient
#10
Thiago Henrique Martins, João Paulo Bonardi, Glaykon Alex Vitti Stabile, Eduardo Dallazen, Eduardo Hochuli-Vieira, Cecilia Luiz Pereira-Stabile
Pure orbital fractures have the tendency to occur on medial wall and orbital floor; because these points are more fragile, the endoscopy can be utilized for accomplishing the task of repositioning the herniated content, as well as serving as an additional tool, helping to view the orbital defects through a transantral approach. The presented case is a female patient, 12 years old, who was diagnosed as having a pure blowout fracture, on right orbital floor, type trapdoor, with orbital content herniated toward the maxillary sinus...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792098/sinus-disventilation-and-atrophy-of-the-upper-maxilla-a-combined-surgical-approach-is-possible
#11
Orlando Cipriani, Valentino Vellone, Paolo Arangio, Fabio Della Rocca
This study aims to assess the effectiveness and reliability of a new combined approach to treat the maxillary atrophy and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and other rhino-sinusal pathologies. This 1-step procedure consisting functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and maxillary sinus-lift with simultaneous implant placement for patients with a severe reabsorbed maxillary bone and sinuses' disease. In case of disventilation and maxillary sinuses flogosis, the mucociliary clearance and physiological ventilation have to be aided, in order to make a safer and predictable sinus-lift surgery...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787624/clinical-benefits-of-polyurethane-nasal-packing-in-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#12
Zalan Piski, Imre Gerlinger, Nelli Nepp, Peter Revesz, Andras Burian, Kornelia Farkas, Laszlo Lujber
The benefits of nasal packing after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) are still debated in the literature. Our aims were to evaluate the efficacy, and the clinical effects of a totally degradable nasal dressing used after ESS. Thirty patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled study. Every patient underwent ESS and a polyurethane nasal dressing was used in one nasal fossa and the contralateral fossa was left unpacked. The extent of mucosal edema, crust formation, bleeding tendency, presence of synechiae, amount of nasal discharge, and the patency of the ostiomeatal complex (OMC) was evaluated during nasal endoscopy on the first, fourth, and twelfth postoperative weeks...
October 27, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773560/surgical-resection-of-sinonasal-hemangiopericytoma-involving-anterior-skull-base-case-reports-and-literature-review
#13
Jonathan C Simmonds, Elie E Rebeiz
Hemangiopericytomas are soft tissue tumors composed of pericytic cells that are characterized by their "staghorn" vascular branching and their variable clinical presentation. Fifteen to 25% of all HPC occur in the head and neck, with only 5% found in the nose or paranasal sinuses. Sinonasal hemangiopericytoma (SNHPC) is considered distinct from its soft tissue counterpart - the former showing a more uniform cellular organization, has convincing pericytic differentiation and is associated with a far better prognosis...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751833/perineal-ultrasound-offers-useful-information-in-girls-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#14
J Lindert, O Hiort, L Tüshaus, K Tafazzoli-Lari, L Wünsch
A variable spectrum of urogenital malformations exists in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). The vagina may enter the urethra at a variable level, and relations to the sphincter complex vary accordingly. Furthermore, an enlarged clitoris and variations in the bladder sphincter anatomy can be found. Endoscopy, genitography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are commonly used for the assessment of these anomalies, and to provide information for counselling and treatment. When surgery is planned, introitoplasty cosmetical reduction of the clitoris and labioplasty are discussed with the families; introitoplasty is the most demanding aspect...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729124/quality-of-life-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-in-refractory-pediatric-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#15
Gyanesh Sethi, Arunabha Chakravarti
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to evaluate the role of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (ESS) in refractory pediatric Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) and to assess the change in quality of life after ESS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective interventional study included 35 children (aged between 6 and 12 years) of refractory CRS, not responding to 4 weeks of maximal medical therapy attending the pediatric ENT clinic of a tertiary referral centre. Study period was from November 2013 to March 2016...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659163/balloon-dilation-of-sinus-ostia-in-the-department-of-defense-diagnoses-actual-indications-and-outcomes
#16
Adrienne M Laury, Sarah N Bowe, Joshua Stramiello, Kevin C McMains
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the primary diagnoses for which balloon catheter dilation (BCD) of sinus ostia is being employed in a profit-blind health care system, the Department of Defense. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: From January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013, 319 consecutive patient charts were reviewed for International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition (ICD-9) diagnoses, presence of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) defined by the European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps (EPOS), preoperative Lund-Mackay scores, nasal endoscopy findings, sinuses dilated, postoperative outcomes, and complications...
September 23, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635789/nasal-endoscopy-an-adjunct-to-patient-selection-for-preoperative-low-dose-ct-examination-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#17
Marcin Fraczek, Maciej Guzinski, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Kamil H Nelke, Tomasz Krecicki
OBJECTIVES: The growing awareness of increased X-ray exposure to the public has led to the propagation of several methods for reducing the radiation dose during CT examination. Low-dose CT protocols do not, however, have an established role in pre-operative evaluation. The aim of this article was to assess the usefulness of nasal endoscopy in the selection of patients under pre-operative care for low-dose CT examination. METHODS: A cadaver head was used to discover institutional minimum acceptable CT image quality and scanning settings...
October 17, 2016: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621786/teamwork-endoscopic-endonasal-surgery-in-failed-external-dacryocystorhinostomy
#18
Mohammad Ebrahim Yarmohammadi, Hassan Ghasemi, Farhad Jafari, Pupak Izadi, Mohammadreza Jalali Nadoushan, Narges Saghari Chin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of a teamwork revision endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) in eyes with previously failed external DCR. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on 50 failed external DCR subjects who underwent a teamwork revision endoscopic DCR by an ophthalmologist and an otolaryngologist. Paranasal sinus CT scanning was performed for each patient before the revision surgery. During surgery, any abnormal tissue noticed before silicone intubation was sent for pathological evaluation...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593805/the-role-of-osirix-based-virtual-endoscopy-in-planning-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-surgery-for-pituitary-adenoma
#19
Daniel Rotariu, Alexandru Budu, Ziyad Faiyad, Ion Poeata
AIM: Evaluate the role and accuracy of the virtual endoscopy realized using commercially available software, OsiriX, as a method of planning of surgical interventions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The CTs of 22 patients with pituitary adenomas proposed for endoscopic approach were reconstructed using OsiriX. VE was performed prior surgery to assess the surgical corridor and particular anatomy. We have evaluated the following landmarks: inferior and middle turbinate, sphenoid ostia (SO), choanal arch (Ch), sphenoethmoidal recess (SER), sphenoid septa, sella turcica, carotid prominences and opticocarotid recesses (OCR)...
January 25, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591098/cavernous-sinus-invasion-in-pituitary-adenomas-systematic-review-and-pooled-data-meta-analysis-of-radiological-criteria-and-comparison-of-endoscopic-and-microscopic-surgery
#20
Sivashanmugam Dhandapani, Harminder Singh, Hazem M Negm, Salomon Cohen, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Despite the substantial impact of cavernous sinus invasion(CSI) in pituitary adenoma surgery, its radiological determination has been inconsistent and variable, with unclear role of endonasal endoscopic surgery. This is a systematic review and pooled data meta-analysis of literature to ascertain the best radiological criteria for CSI, and verify the efficacy and safety of endonasal endoscopic approach. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE database(1993-2015) to identify studies on radiological criteria for CSI, and endonasal surgery...
August 30, 2016: World Neurosurgery
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