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Vein of galen

Satoshi Matsuo, Serhat Baydin, Abuzer Güngör, Koichi Miki, Noritaka Komune, Ryota Kurogi, Koji Iihara, Albert L Rhoton
OBJECTIVE A common approach to lesions of the pineal region is along the midline below the torcula. However, reports of how shifting the approach off midline affects the surgical exposure and relationships between the tributaries of the vein of Galen are limited. The purpose of this study is to examine the microsurgical and endoscopic anatomy of the pineal region as seen through the supracerebellar infratentorial approaches, including midline, paramedian, lateral, and far-lateral routes. METHODS The quadrigeminal cisterns of 8 formalin-fixed adult cadaveric heads were dissected and examined with the aid of a surgical microscope and straight endoscope...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Lucas Elijovich, Asim F Choudhri, Adam S Arthur, Paul Klimo, Frederick A Boop, Alejandro Berenstein
In 1976 an infant boy initially presented with a choroidal vein of Galen malformation (cVOGM). Craniotomy and clipping of the anterior cerebral artery and posterior choroidal arteries was performed, which was reported in the literature 40 years ago. The patient remained asymptomatic until age 42 when he re-presented with an isolated intraventricular hemorrhage. Angiography demonstrated cVOGM with venous sinus occlusive disease leading to venous hypertension and subsequent intraventricular hemorrhage. The angiogram also demonstrated a 'pseudo-nidus' composed of multiple arterial-to-arterial anastomoses that had developed as a result of the original surgical treatment...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Li-Xia Zhou, Su-Zhen Dong, Ming-Feng Zhang
PURPOSE: To present three fetal vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAMs), which were diagnosed through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and highlight these cardiovascular findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed three fetuses with VGAM at 31, 32, and 33 weeks of gestation. Feeding arteries and draining veins were observed by MRI. Secondary changes in the brain and high-output heart failure caused by high blood flow in the lesion were evaluated...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
N Meirowitz, A Yukhayev, R Madankumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Yasunari Niimi
Intracranial arteriovenous shunts (ICAVSs) in young children are characterized with frequent high flow fistulas. In association of high flow fistulas and physiological condition of the developing brain and heart, each disease tends to present at a certain age with unique symptoms. Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) and dural sinus malformation (DSM) with arteriovenous (AV) shunts tend to present in neonate with high output cardiac failure. In infancy, VGAM, pial AVF and infantile dural AVF tend to present with hydrodynamic disorder such as macrocephaly, ventriculomegaly, prominent facial veins, and developmental delay...
September 7, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Karen Chen, Srinivasan Paramasivam, Alejandro Berenstein
BACKGROUND: Intracranial vascular malformations in children are being addressed through a variety of treatment modalities including open surgery, external beam radiation, and image-guided neuroendovascular procedures. These patients often receive multiple treatments and incur serial exposures to ionizing radiation which has been linked to tumor development in population-based data. OBJECTIVE: This study quantifies the effect of collimation on exposures from single procedures and over patient lifetimes to estimate excess risk of lifetime tumor development...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Aya Y Michaels, Shreya Sood, Mary C Frates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2016: Ultrasound Quarterly
Raphael Suy, Sarah Thomis, Inge Fourneau
In the seventeenth century, opportunities to discover chyle came about through the revival of vivisection. Gaspare Aselli discovered chyle vessels in a living well-fed dog in 1622. He introduced the term 'lacteals' or milky veins. According to Aselli, the lacteals passed through a mesenteric gland which he called 'pancreas'. The 1627 edition of Aselli's booklet was the start of a 'lymphomania', which led to the dissection and vivisection of hundreds of animals, with the University of Leiden being the clear leader in this field...
August 26, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
D Paladini, B Deloison, A Rossi, G E Chalouhi, C Gandolfo, P Sonigo, S Buratti, A E Millischer, G Tuo, Y Ville, A Pistorio, A Cama, L J Salomon
OBJECTIVE: Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is a rare anomaly in which an adequate perinatal management may warrant good neurological outcome. However, most fetal series are too scant to allow reliable statistical assessment of poor prognostic factors. Aim of this paper is to assess, in a two-center series of 49 cases, the prognostic value of several prenatal variables. The primary endpoint of the analysis is to identify possible prenatal indicators of poor outcome, in terms of mortality and cerebral disabilities...
August 12, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Dan Meila, Katharina Melber, Dominik Grieb, Collin Jacobs, Heinrich Lanfermann, Friedhelm Brassel
INTRODUCTION: Vein of Galen malformation (VGM), a high-flow intracranial arteriovenous shunt, is among the most severe neurovascular diseases in childhood. In many cases untreated children die or survive only severely disabled. Endovascular embolization is the preferred treatment. OBJECTIVE: To develop a simple fistulous-type VGM phantom model for teaching and training of different endovascular treatment methods and to investigate new treatment options and devices...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
M Y Tang, G Cheng, Y J Wei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Prakriti Gaba, Christopher V DeSimone, Benhur D Henz, Paul A Friedman, Charles J Bruce, David R Holmes, Malini Madhavan, Krithika Vasudevan, Douglas Wahnschaffe, Steven Berhow, Andrew J Danielsen, Dorothy J Ladewig, Susan B Mikell, Susan B Johnson, Scott H Suddendorf, Tomas Kara, Gregory A Worrell, Samuel J Asirvatham
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacotherapy for epilepsy is limited with 30% of patients refractory to this approach of suppressing seizures. Current surgical options are invasive and carry significant morbidities including infection, bleeding, and the potential for deleterious neurocognitive effects. As a result, there is a burgeoning need for innovation to develop safer and efficacious interventions. METHODS: Four distinct catheters (2 existing: Cardima catheter, Standard EPT Blazer catheter; 2 new prototypes: balloon catheter, basket catheters) were tested in 12 baboons (21-30 kg, 100% male)...
June 2016: Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology
Raphael Suy, Sarah Thomis, Inge Fourneau
The early history of lymphatic anatomy from Hippocrates (ca. 460-377 B.C.) to Eustachius (1510-1574). The presence of lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes was reported by ancient anatomists without any accurate knowledge of their true functions. Lymph nodes were described as spongy structures, spread over the whole body for the support of vulnerable body parts. Digestion was explained as being the resorption of clear chyle from digested food by the open endings of chyle vessels. The first insights into the place of lymphatic components within nutrition emanated from the medical school of Alexandria (fourth century B...
June 2, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Don K Nakayama
The foundation for the celebrated operation on patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in 1938 was the work on arteriovenous fistula (AVF) during the preceding half century. Galen and Osler wrote about it, and AVF was a major interest of leading surgeons of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, such as William Halsted, Rudolph Matas, Mont Reid, and Emile Holman. Nearly all AVFs of the era developed because of penetrating injury to major vessels. Survivors suffered gradual debilitation and faced death from gangrene or rupture...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Jinlu Yu, Lei Shi, Xianli Lv, Zhongxue Wu, Hongfa Yang
An intracranial non-galenic pial arteriovenous fistula (NGPAVF) is a direct connection between the intracranial artery and vein without a nidus. NGPAVFs are clinically rare, and the current understanding of NGPAVFs is limited. This study searched PubMed for the currently available literature, and a review of the relevant publications revealed that NGPAVFs require aggressive treatment, spontaneous occlusion is uncommon, and the prognosis following conservative treatment is poor. NGPAVFs can be divided into congenital and traumatic (including iatrogenic) types...
October 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Pankaj Gupta, Manish Agrawal, Virendra Deo Sinha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Neurology India
Chia-Sheng Wang, Tsung-Chih Yeh, Chien-Ming Chao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Daniel Hansen, Peter T Kan, Gaddum D Reddy, Arvind Chintagumpala Mohan, Andrew Jea, Sandi Lam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Surgical Neurology International
Susanne Schnell, Can Wu, Sameer A Ansari
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the feasibility of 4-dimensional (4D) flow MRI for the clinical assessment of cerebral and extracerebral vascular hemodynamics in patients with neurovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS: 4D flow MRI has been applied in multiple studies to qualitatively and quantitatively study intracranial aneurysm blood flow for potential risk stratification and to assess treatment efficacy of various neurovascular lesions, including intraaneurysmal and parent artery blood flow after flow diverter stent placement and staged embolizations of arteriovenous malformations and vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
Domenico d'Avella, Francesco Causin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
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