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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197998/laser-assisted-subepithelial-keratectomy-lasek-versus-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-lasik-for-correcting-myopia
#1
REVIEW
Jocelyn Kuryan, Anjum Cheema, Roy S Chuck
BACKGROUND: Near-sightedness, or myopia, is a condition in which light rays entering the eye along the visual axis focus in front of the retina, resulting in blurred vision. Myopia can be treated with spectacles, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. Options for refractive surgery include laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) and laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Both procedures utilize a laser to shape the corneal tissue (front of the eye) to correct refractive error, and both create flaps before laser treatment of corneal stromal tissue...
February 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135746/-smile-re-treatment-options-techniques-and-results
#2
B Meyer, K S Kunert
With a rate of less than 2 %, retreatment after SMILE is rare. If a touch-up is required, there are different options to choose from: surface ablation (PRK/LASEK) with Mitomycin C, the standard femto-flap procedure with the same parameters, the CIRCLE procedure, which extends the previous SMILE interface into a flap, or the innovative but off-label capless SMILE procedure, which preserves all the advantages of SMILE.
January 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040705/notch2-genetic-mutation-acro-osteolysis-the-hajdu-cheney-syndrome
#3
Grzegorz Jerzakowski, Tomasz Lasek, Anna Binkiewicz-Glinska, Magdalena Krygier, Piotr Zawadzki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011949/the-presence-of-tau-protein-in-blood-as-a-potential-prognostic-factor-in-stroke-patients
#4
A A Lasek-Bal, H Jedrzejowska-Szypulka, J Rozycka, W Bal, A Kowalczyk, M Holecki, J Dulawa, J Lewin-Kowalik
Tau protein is found in the blood of 40 - 50% of patients in the acute phase of a stroke, as a result of the degradation of neurons and damage to the blood-brain barrier. The aim of the study was to assess the incidence of tau protein in the blood of stroke patients, as well as to evaluate the potential impact of tau protein presence in the blood of patients on their neurological state during the first 24 hours, and their functional condition three months after the stroke. Eighty-seven patients aged 39 - 99 (42 females and 45 males) diagnosed with stroke were enrolled in the prospective study (August 2014 - April 2015)...
October 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986929/genetic-and-pharmacologic-manipulation-of-tlr4-has-minimal-impact-on-ethanol-consumption-in-rodents
#5
R Adron Harris, Michal Bajo, Richard L Bell, Yuri A Blednov, Florence P Varodayan, Jay M Truitt, Giordano de Guglielmo, Amy W Lasek, Marian L Logrip, Leandro F Vendruscolo, Amanda J Roberts, Edward Roberts, Olivier George, Jody Mayfield, Timothy R Billiar, David J Hackam, R Dayne Mayfield, George F Koob, Marisa Roberto, Gregg E Homanics
: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is a critical component of innate immune signaling and has been implicated in alcohol responses in preclinical and clinical models. Members of the Integrative Neuroscience Initiative on Alcoholism (INIA-Neuroimmune) consortium tested the hypothesis that TLR4 mediates excessive ethanol drinking using the following models: (1) Tlr4 knock-out (KO) rats, (2) selective knockdown of Tlr4 mRNA in mouse nucleus accumbens (NAc), and (3) injection of the TLR4 antagonist (+)-naloxone in mice...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919195/efficacy-and-safety-of-mitoxantrone-use-in-primary-and-secondary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-study-site-experience-based-on-the-therapy-of-104-patients
#6
Anetta Lasek-Bal, Karina Bartoszek, Arkadiusz Steposz, Przemyslaw Puz, Wieslaw Bal, Zofia Kazibutowska
: Mitoxantrone (MX) is used in patients with primary and secondary progressive as well as relapsing-remitting type of multiple sclerosis (PPMS, SPMS, RRMS). The objective of our project was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MX use in patients with PPMS and SPMS. METHODS: The retrospective study included 104 patients (mean age 54.2 ± 9.0), with PPMS (13.46%) and SPMS (86.54%) treated with MX. During single cycle of the MX therapy a dose of 12 mg/m(2) of body surface area was administered and next cycles every three months up to a total dose of 140 mg/m(2) were realized...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903932/laparoscopic-approach-to-splenic-aneurysms
#7
Piotr Małczak, Michał Wysocki, Piotr Major, Michał Pędziwiatr, Anna Lasek, Tomasz Stefura, Dorota Radkowiak, Anna Zub-Pokrowiecka, Andrzej Budzyński
BACKGROUND: Splenic artery aneurysm is a rare disease with possibly mortal complications. For years, the main method of treatment was excision of aneurysm with spleen. In recent years, several methods have been developed in order to salvage the spleen such endovascular techniques and aneurysmectomy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the feasibility of laparoscopic aneurysmectomy with spleen salvage in cases of splenic artery aneurysm. MATERIALS: Analysis of prospectively gathered data containing records of patients operated laparoscopically due to diseases of the spleen in 1998-2016 in our department...
November 30, 2016: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893524/visual-outcomes-after-smile-lasek-and-lasek-combined-with-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-high-myopic-correction
#8
Sangyoon Hyun, Seongjun Lee, Jae-Hyung Kim
PURPOSE: To compare the visual and refractive outcomes of small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), laser-assisted subepithelial keratomileusis (LASEK), and LASEK combined with corneal collagen cross-linking (LASEK-CXL) surgery for high-degree myopia. METHODS: Medical records of patients with spherical equivalent (SE) greater than -6.00 diopters (D) treated with SMILE, LASEK, and LASEK-CXL were reviewed. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCVA), SE, and corneal haze were followed up in the 3 groups for 6 months...
November 23, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865199/cha2ds2-vasc-af2-score-accurately-predicts-moderate-to-severe-acute-neurological-dysfunction-in-the-course-of-first-ever-ischaemic-stroke
#9
Maciej T Wybraniec, Maciej Faryan, Błażej Kusz, Anetta Lasek-Bal, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853351/the-effect-of-humidity-and-temperature-on-visual-outcomes-after-myopic-corneal-laser-refractive-surgery
#10
Christopher T Hood, Roni M Shtein, Daniel Veldheer, Munira Hussain, Leslie M Niziol, David C Musch, Shahzad I Mian
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether procedure room environmental conditions are associated with outcomes after myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) or laser-assisted keratomileusis (LASEK). DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PARTICIPANTS: Eight hundred sixty-three eyes of 458 consecutive patients at a university-based academic practice. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of consecutive patients who underwent LASIK or LASEK over a 3-year period...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845775/defining-the-role-of-corticotropin-releasing-factor-binding-protein-in-alcohol-consumption
#11
C L Haass-Koffler, A T Henry, G Melkus, J A Simms, M Naemmuddin, C K Nielsen, A W Lasek, M Magill, M L Schwandt, R Momenan, C A Hodgkinson, S E Bartlett, R M Swift, A Bonci, L Leggio
The corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) exerts its effects by acting on its receptors and on the binding protein (CRFBP), and has been implicated in alcohol use disorder (AUD). Therefore, identification of the exact contribution of each protein that mediates CRF effects is necessary to design effective therapeutic strategies for AUD. A series of in vitro/in vivo experiments across different species were performed to define the biological discrete role of CRFBP in AUD. First, to establish the CRFBP role in receptor signaling, we developed a novel chimeric cell-based assay and showed that CFRBP full length can stably be expressed on the plasma membrane...
November 15, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829656/safety-and-efficacy-of-fingolimod-and-natalizumab-in-multiple-sclerosis-after-the-failure-of-first-line-therapy-single-center-experience-based-on-the-treatment-of-forty-four-patients
#12
Przemysław Puz, Anetta Lasek-Bal
BACKGROUND In Poland, natalizumab or fingolimod treatment can be delivered as a second-line therapy to those patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) who demonstrated no response to interferon or glatiramer acetate treatment for a minimum of one year. MATERIAL AND METHODS Analysis covered 44 RRMS patients switched from first- to second-line therapy. The annualized relapse rate, disability progression (assessed with Expanded Disability Status Scale, EDSS) and MRI results (new or enlarged T2 lesions and new Gd-positive lesions) before and after switching were compared...
November 10, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822501/inhibition-of-ikk%C3%AE-reduces-ethanol-consumption-in-c57bl-6j-mice
#13
Jay M Truitt, Yuri A Blednov, Jillian M Benavidez, Mendy Black, Olga Ponomareva, Jade Law, Morgan Merriman, Sami Horani, Kelly Jameson, Amy W Lasek, R Adron Harris, R Dayne Mayfield
Proinflammatory pathways in neuronal and non-neuronal cells are implicated in the acute and chronic effects of alcohol exposure in animal models and humans. The nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) family of DNA transcription factors plays important roles in inflammatory diseases. The kinase IKKβ mediates the phosphorylation and subsequent proteasomal degradation of cytosolic protein inhibitors of NF-κB, leading to activation of NF-κB. The role of IKKβ as a potential regulator of excessive alcohol drinking had not previously been investigated...
September 2016: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751694/femtosecond-laser-assisted-sub-bowman-keratomileusis-versus-laser-assisted-subepithelial-keratomileusis-to-correct-myopic-astigmatism
#14
Juan Gros-Otero, Montserrat Garcia-Gonzalez, Miguel A Teus, MariLuz Iglesias-Iglesias, Carlos Gimenez-Vallejo
PURPOSE: To compare femtosecond laser-assisted sub-Bowman keratomileusis (FSBK) versus laser-assisted subepithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) to correct moderate to high myopic astigmatism. METHODS: Retrospective, nonrandomized, interventional, comparative case series. A total of eight hundred and fifty-two eyes with myopic astigmatism of -1.5 diopters (D) or higher were included in the study. We compared 427 eyes treated with FSBK versus 425 eyes treated with LASEK with or without mitomycin C...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642106/transcranial-sonography-of-subcortical-structures-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
P Puz, A Lasek-Bal, P Radecka
BACKGROUND: Transcranial sonography may be applied to assess the basal ganglia nuclei and brain atrophy by the measurement of the width of the third ventricle. The aim of this study was to assess usefulness of transcranial sonography (TCS) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) by examining the echogenicity of subcortical structures and the width of the third ventricle. METHOD: Transcranial sonography evaluation of substantia nigra, brain stem raphe nuclei, diameter of the third ventricle, width of the anterior horn of the lateral ventricle, thalamus, lenticular nucleus, and head of the caudate nucleus in 41 patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), 23 with secondary progressive MS (SPMS), and 20 healthy controls was compared...
September 18, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608366/monitoring-of-topical-corticosteroid-phobia-in-a-population-of-parents-with-children-with-atopic-dermatitis-using-the-topicop-%C3%A2-scale-prevalence-risk-factors-and-the-impact-of-therapeutic-patient-education
#16
F Gonzales, N Ramdane, C Delebarre-Sauvage, P Modiano, A Duhamel, A Lasek
Atopic dermatitis (AD), is a chronic, inflammatory disease with a worldwide prevalence of 10 to 20% (1). Although topical corticosteroids (TCS) are known to be efficient and safe for the treatment of AD (2), there is a widespread fear about their use (topical corticosteroid phobia (TCSP)) in 40 to 73% of patients (3,4). TCSP represents the main cause of treatment failure. Until now, TCSP has been evaluated with a single binary question which is not adapted for this complex phenomenon. This article is protected by copyright...
September 8, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591061/assessment-of-cerebral-embolism-and-vascular-reserve-parameters-in-patients-with-carotid-artery-stenosis
#17
Przemyslaw Puz, Anetta Lasek-Bal, Tomasz Urbanek, Zofia Kazibutowska
AIM: Carotid artery stenosis can result in the brain tissue injury related to the intracranial aterial flow disturbances as well as microembolic complications. The choice of the proper therapy in patients with carotid artery stenosis, especially asymptomatic, remains still a significant clinical problem. The study aim was an assessment of the cerebral embolism and brain vascular reserve parameters in patients with carotid artery stenosis regarding the occurrence of the clinical symptoms, the degree of stenosis as well as plaque morphology...
2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581478/effects-of-ethanol-on-brain-extracellular-matrix-implications-for-alcohol-use-disorder
#18
REVIEW
Amy W Lasek
The brain extracellular matrix (ECM) occupies the space between cells and is involved in cell-matrix and cell-cell adhesion. However, in addition to providing structural support to brain tissue, the ECM activates cell signaling and controls synaptic transmission. The expression and activity of brain ECM components are regulated by alcohol exposure. This review will discuss what is currently known about the effects of alcohol on the activity and expression of brain ECM components. An interpretation of how these changes might promote alcohol use disorder (AUD) will be also provided...
October 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476281/in-vitro-infibition-of-hhv-1-replication-by-inosine-pranobex-and-interferon-%C3%AE
#19
Anna Majewska, Witold Lasek, Michał Janyst, Grazyna Młynarczyk
Key issues in the development of novel antivirals are the emergence of resistant strains. The development of new drugs effective against herpes diseases has proven to be both difficult and time-consuming. Some alternative may be to optimize the efficacy and selectivity of existing antiviral drugs or combining them with other well known agents. Inosine pranobex exerts a direct antiviral effect as well as secondary effect to its immunomodulatory activity. We found that increasing concentrations of inosine pranobex (50-400 µg/mL) produced progressively growing inhibitory effect on HHV-1 replication, following infection of different cell lines...
May 2016: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428835/differences-in-the-clinical-course-of-acute-appendicitis-in-the-elderly-in-comparison-to-younger-population
#20
Katarzyna Zbierska, Jakub Kenig, Anna Lasek, Mateusz Rubinkiewicz, Piotr Wałęga
UNLABELLED: Acute appendicitis (AA) still remains the most common acute surgical abdominal emergency. Although 90% of cases occur in children and young adults, the incidence in the elderly amounts up to 10% and is constantly rising. The aim of the study was to assess the differences between clinical presentation in the elderly patients with AA compared to the younger patients. Additional aim was to assess the correlation between in-hospital time delays and patients' outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of medical data of 274 patients admitted to 3rd Department of General Surgery in Cracow between January 2011 and December 2013 due to AA...
May 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
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