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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543931/severe-asthma-in-children
#1
REVIEW
Andrew Bush, Louise Fleming, Sejal Saglani
Most children with asthma have their disease easily controlled if low-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are regularly and correctly administered. If a child presents with asthma which is apparently resistant to therapy with high-dose ICS and other controllers, then they have problematic severe asthma. However, in light of the UK National Review of Asthma Deaths, definitions of severe asthma based solely on the levels of prescribed treatment are too narrow. A detailed assessment of all such children should be performed...
May 25, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543355/nurse-versus-physician-led-care-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-trials
#2
REVIEW
Fengqiu Gong, Xiaojun Chen, Yaoye Wu, Dianye Yao, Lihong Xie, Qiuyi Ouyang, Ping Wang, Gang Niu
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of nurse-led care for obstructive sleep apnoea compared with physician-led care. BACKGROUND: The incidence of obstructive sleep apnoea is increasing worldwide. There is a need for cost-effective care models to ease off the pressure on tertiary care centres and divert care to the community. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: We searched major electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, British Nursing Index, CINAHL, HMIC, PsycINFO, Health Business Elite and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL) from inception till December 2016 using a structured search strategy for all randomised trials evaluating nurse-led treatment interventions for adults with obstructive sleep apnoea compared with physician-led ones...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536303/implementing-a-fee-for-service-cervical-cancer-screening-and-treatment-program-in-cameroon-challenges-and-opportunities
#3
Geneva DeGregorio, Simon Manga, Edith Kiyang, Florence Manjuh, Leslie Bradford, Preetam Cholli, Richard Wamai, Rebecca Ogembo, Zacharie Sando, Yuxin Liu, Lisa Kennedy Sheldon, Kathleen Nulah, Thomas Welty, Edith Welty, Javier Gordon Ogembo
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer screening is one of the most effective cancer prevention strategies, but most women in Africa have never been screened. In 2007, the Cameroon Baptist Convention Health Services, a large faith-based health care system in Cameroon, initiated the Women's Health Program (WHP) to address this disparity. The WHP provides fee-for-service cervical cancer screening using visual inspection with acetic acid enhanced by digital cervicography (VIA-DC), prioritizing care for women living with HIV/AIDS...
May 23, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533106/trans-sectoral-care-of-geriatric-cancer-patients-based-on-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-and-patient-reported-quality-of-life-results-of-a-multicenter-study-to-develop-and-pilot-test-a-patient-centered-interdisciplinary-care-concept-for-geriatric-oncology
#4
Heike Schmidt, Stephanie Boese, Katharina Lampe, Karin Jordan, Eckhard Fiedler, Ursula Müller-Werdan, Andreas Wienke, Dirk Vordermark
OBJECTIVES: For older patients with cancer the maintenance of independence, functionality and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is of great importance. Aiming to maintain HRQOL of older patients with cancer we developed an interdisciplinary care program based on comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and patient-reported HRQOL comprising tailored supportive measures and telephone-based counseling during 6month aftercare. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pilot-testing of the intervention took place in three centers at the University Hospital Halle to examine feasibility, acceptance and potential benefit...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531549/impact-of-community-based-nurse-led-clinics-on-patient-outcomes-patient-satisfaction-patient-access-and-cost-effectiveness-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Sue Randall, Tonia Crawford, Jane Currie, Jo River, Vasiliki Betihavas
BACKGROUND: The role and scope of nursing practice has evolved in response to the dynamic needs of individuals, communities, and healthcare services. Health services are now focused on maintaining people in their communities, and keeping them out of hospital where possible. Community based nurse-led clinics are ideally placed to work towards this goal. The initial impetus for these services was to increase patient access to care, to provide a cost-effective and high quality streamlined service...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510645/nurse-interventions-to-improve-medication-adherence-among-discharged-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#6
Henk Verloo, Arnaud Chiolero, Blanche Kiszio, Thomas Kampel, Valérie Santschi
Background: discharged older adult inpatients are often prescribed numerous medications. However, they only take about half of their medications and many stop treatments entirely. Nurse interventions could improve medication adherence among this population. Objective: to conduct a systematic review of trials that assessed the effects of nursing interventions to improve medication adherence among discharged, home-dwelling and older adults. Method: we conducted a systematic review according to the methods in the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook and reported results according to the PRISMA statement...
May 16, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506711/screening-for-sepsis-in-general-hospitalised-patients-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Laura Alberto, Andrea P Marshall, Rachel Walker, Leanne M Aitken
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is a common condition observed outside critical care areas. The purpose of this review was to examine the application of sepsis screening tools for early recognition of sepsis in general hospitalised patients to: (i) identify the accuracy of these tools; (ii) determine the outcomes associated with their implementation and; (iii) describe the implementation process. METHOD: A systematic review method was used. PubMed, CINAHL, COCHRANE, SCOPUS, Web of Science and EMBASE databases were systematically searched for primary articles, published from January 1990 to June 2016, that investigated screening tools or alert mechanisms for early identification of sepsis in adult general hospitalized patients...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497613/effectiveness-of-a-nurse-led-preadmission-intervention-for-parents-of-children-with-profound-multiple-disabilities-undergoing-hip-joint-surgery-a-quasi-experimental-pilot-study
#8
Brigitte Seliner, Beatrice Latal, Rebecca Spirig
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a family-centered care (FCC) intervention provided by an advanced practice nurse (APN) for parents of children with profound disabilities undergoing surgery. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a quasi-experimental design, we used the MPOC-20 to assess satisfaction with FCC and interviews to identify potential mechanisms for improving satisfaction. RESULTS: There was a positive effect on the MPOC-20 domain "general information," albeit with a small effect size (Cohen's d = 0...
May 11, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490411/is-the-counterweight-program-a-feasible-and-acceptable-option-for-structured-weight-management-delivered-by-practice-nurses-in-australia-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Jodi Gray, Elizabeth A Hoon, Hossein Haji Ali Afzali, Catherine Spooner, Mark F Harris, Jonathan Karnon
Nurse-led weight management programs, like the Counterweight Program in the United Kingdom, may offer a way for Australian general practices to provide weight management support to adults who are overweight or obese. During Counterweight, nurses provide patients with six fortnightly education sessions and three follow-up sessions to support weight maintenance. This study examined the feasibility, acceptability and perceived value of the Counterweight Program in the Australian primary care setting using a mixed-methods approach...
May 11, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488925/strategies-to-address-the-shortcomings-of-commonly-used-advanced-chronic-heart-failure-descriptors-to-improve-recruitment-in-palliative-care-research-a-parallel-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#10
Pauline M Kane, Fliss Em Murtagh, Karen R Ryan, Mary Brice, Niall G Mahon, Brendan McAdam, Regina McQuillan, Geraldine O'Gara, Caroline Raleigh, Cecelia Tracey, Christine Howley, Irene J Higginson, Barbara A Daveson
BACKGROUND: Recruitment challenges contribute to the paucity of palliative care research with advanced chronic heart failure patients. AIM: To describe the challenges and outline strategies of recruiting advanced chronic heart failure patients. DESIGN: A feasibility study using a pre-post uncontrolled design. SETTING: Advanced chronic heart failure patients were recruited at two nurse-led chronic heart failure disease management clinics in Ireland Results: Of 372 patients screened, 81 were approached, 38 were recruited (46...
May 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488518/developing-implementing-and-evaluating-a-model-for-an-outpatient-self-harm-service
#11
Fiona Brand, Karen Lascelles
Aim To reduce the incidence of self-harming behaviour and improve well-being and experience of care for individuals who present regularly to the emergency department in one hospital following self-harm, by providing outpatient care. Method This was a 12-month nurse-led practice development project to develop, implement and evaluate a brief-intervention outpatient service for individuals who presented to the emergency department following self-harm and who were identified as being at risk of further self-harm...
May 10, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488353/effectiveness-of-a-shared-team-approach-between-nurses-and-doctors-for-improved-risk-factor-management-in-survivors-of-stroke-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
M T Olaiya, J Kim, M R Nelson, V K Srikanth, C F Bladin, R P Gerraty, S M Fitzgerald, T Phan, J Frayne, D A Cadilhac, A G Thrift
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited evidence exists on the benefits of organized care for improving risk factor control in patients with stroke or transient ischaemic attack. The effectiveness of an individualized management programme in reducing absolute cardiovascular disease risk in this high-risk population was determined. METHODS: This was a prospective, multicentre, cluster-randomized controlled trial with blinded assessment of outcomes and intention-to-treat analysis...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481825/effects-of-a-nurse-led-phone-follow-up-education-program-based-on-the-self-efficacy-among-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Yan Zhou, Jiali Liao, Fangming Feng, Mengting Ji, Chunyan Zhao, Xiaofang Wang
BACKGROUND: The integration of self-efficacy (SE) theory within a nurse-led telephone follow-up education program (NP-FEP) has not been extensively evaluated for patients with cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of an NP-FEP in improving SE (primary outcome) and achieving goals related to cardiovascular risk (secondary outcome) for patients with cardiovascular disease. METHODS: In June and July 2013, a total of 403 patients with cardiovascular disease in Shanghai were randomized into the intervention and control groups...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479636/nurse-led-hiv-services-and-quality-of-care-at-health-facilities-in-kenya-2014-2016
#14
Miriam Rabkin, Matthew Lamb, Zainab T Osakwe, Peter R Mwangi, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Susan Michaels-Strasser
OBJECTIVE: To develop a novel measure to characterize human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) programme quality at health facilities in Kenya and explore its associations with patient- and facility-level characteristics. METHODS: We developed a composite indicator to measure quality of HIV care, comprising: assessment of eligibility for antiretroviral therapy (ART); initiation of ART; and retention on ART or in care, if ineligible for ART, for 12 months. We applied the comprehensive retention indicator to routinely collected clinical data from 13 331 patients enrolled in HIV care and treatment at 63 health facilities in the Eastern and Nyanza regions of Kenya from 1 January 2014 to 31 March 2016...
May 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469892/chasing-the-golden-hour-lessons-learned-from-improving-initial-neutropenic-sepsis-management
#15
Caroline Forde, Paula Scullin
Neutropenic sepsis remains a time critical and potentially fatal complication of systemic anti-cancer therapy. A target 'door to needle' time of one hour for first dose empirical intravenous antibiotics continues to be promoted nationally. A baseline audit (June 2011) highlighted shortfalls in care in the Belfast Trust, with only 15% of patients receiving antibiotics within sixty minutes. A multi-professional group within the Trust was established to try and initiate the improvements in neutropenic sepsis recognition and initial management that were urgently required...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469530/describing-the-implementation-of-an-innovative-intervention-and-evaluating-its-effectiveness-in-increasing-research-capacity-of-advanced-clinical-nurses-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#16
Gabrielle McKee, Margaret Codd, Orla Dempsey, Paul Gallagher, Catherine Comiskey
BACKGROUND: Despite advanced nursing roles having a research competency, participation in research is low. There are many barriers to participation in research and few interventions have been developed to address these. This paper aims to describe the implementation of an intervention to increase research participation in advanced clinical nursing roles and evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: The implementation of the intervention was carried out within one hospital site...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468642/the-ciprus-study-a-nurse-led-psychological-treatment-for-patients-with-undifferentiated-somatoform-disorder-in-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Kate Sitnikova, Stephanie S Leone, Lyonne N L Zonneveld, Harm W J van Marwijk, Judith E Bosmans, Johannes C van der Wouden, Henriëtte E van der Horst
BACKGROUND: Up to a third of patients presenting medically unexplained physical symptoms in primary care may have a somatoform disorder, of which undifferentiated somatoform disorder (USD) is the most common type. Psychological interventions can reduce symptoms associated with USD and improve functioning. Previous research has either been conducted in secondary care or interventions have been provided by general practitioners (GPs) or psychologists in primary care. As efficiency and cost-effectiveness are imperative in primary care, it is important to investigate whether nurse-led interventions are effective as well...
May 3, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466504/impact-of-nurse-led-behavioural-counselling-to-improve-metabolic-health-and-physical-activity-among-adults-with-mental-illness
#18
Sarah J Fraser, Wendy J Brown, Harvey A Whiteford, Nicola W Burton
The life expectancy of adults with mental illness is significantly less than that of the general population, and this is largely due to poor physical health. Behavioural counselling can improve physical health indicators among people with non-communicable disease. This repeated-measures, single-group intervention trial evaluated the effects of a 19-week behavioural counselling programme on metabolic health indicators and physical activity levels of outpatient adults with mental illness. Sixteen participants completed the intervention that comprised individual face-to-face counselling sessions with a registered nurse every 3 weeks, and progress reviews with a medical practitioner every 6 weeks...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465832/randomized-crossover-study-showing-nurse-led-same-day-review-replacing-next-day-review-in-uneventful-phacoemulsification-to-be-safe-and-efficacious
#19
Jennifer W H Shum, Janice J C Cheung, Monica M N Lee, Oscar G W Wong, Kenneth K W Li
Purpose. To study whether nurse led same-day review (SDR) after uneventful phacoemulsification can replace next-day review (NDR) in terms of safety and efficacy. Setting. Patients are recruited from an ophthalmology outpatient clinic in Hong Kong. Design. A prospective, randomized crossover study conducted from November 2012 to 2014. Methods. Inclusion criteria include cataract surgery naïve patients undergoing phacoemulsification under local anaesthesia. All patients were seen by our ophthalmic nurse 2 hours after surgery...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464815/avoiding-inappropriate-urinary-catheter-use-and-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-cauti-a-pre-post-control-intervention-study
#20
Vicki Parker, Michelle Giles, Laura Graham, Belinda Suthers, Wendy Watts, Tony O'Brien, Andrew Searles
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) as the most common healthcare-associated infection accounts for up to 36% of all healthcare-associated infections. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) accounts for up to 80% of these. In many instances indwelling urinary catheter (IDC) insertions may be unjustified or inappropriate, creating potentially avoidable and significant patient distress, embarrassment, discomfort, pain and activity restrictions, together with substantial care burden, costs and hospitalisation...
May 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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