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Bethan Dalton, Savani Bartholdy, Lauren Robinson, Marco Solmi, Mohammad A A Ibrahim, Gerome Breen, Ulrike Schmidt, Hubertus Himmerich
Cytokines are signalling molecules, which play an important role in both immune system function and brain development and function, and subsequently mental states and behaviour. Cytokines have been implicated in eating disorders (EDs) due to their role in psychological health, body weight and appetite regulation. This meta-analysis examined cross-sectional and longitudinal studies measuring concentrations of cytokines in individuals with EDs. Using PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed relevant articles in PubMed, Web of Science, and MEDLINE...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Andrea Fontana, Chiara De Panfilis, Erica Casini, Emanuele Preti, Juliette Richetin, Massimo Ammaniti
INTRODUCTION: Emerging personality organization may play an important role in the psychological adjustment of early adolescents, but research in this area is still limited. The current study evaluated if personality organization moderates the association between rejection sensitivity and adverse psychological outcomes in early adolescence. METHODS: Three-hundred eighty-six early adolescents (age range 13-15 years; 51% Female) attending junior high schools in Italy completed the semi-structured Interview of Personality Organization Processes in Adolescence (IPOP-A), the Children's Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (CRSQ), and the Youth Self Report/11-18 (YSR)...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Garry Cooper
Quality of life (QoL) is a concept that is relevant for everyone, but individuals experience factors that make up QoL differently. This article considers the impact chronic oedema has on older people's QoL. There are additional challenges in this group, such as the ageing process, which interlink with QoL. The presence of appropriate support networks and psychological strategies can have a positive impact on the management of chronic oedema and the patient's perception of QoL.
April 1, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
Ryan D Nipp, Areej El-Jawahri, Sara M D'Arpino, Andy Chan, Charn-Xin Fuh, P Connor Johnson, Daniel E Lage, Risa L Wong, William F Pirl, Lara Traeger, Barbara J Cashavelly, Vicki A Jackson, David P Ryan, Ephraim P Hochberg, Jennifer S Temel, Joseph A Greer
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer experience many stressors placing them at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, yet little is known about factors associated with PTSD symptoms in this population. This study explored relationships among patients' PTSD symptoms, physical and psychological symptom burden, and risk for hospital readmissions. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with cancer admitted for an unplanned hospitalization from August 2015-April 2017...
June 15, 2018: Cancer
Andrea K Newman, Shweta Kapoor, Beverly E Thorn
Background: Chronic pain is a serious health problem with high rates of health care utilization (HCU). Many patients become stymied in a perpetual cycle of unsuccessful attempts to find relief from suffering through frequent health care visits. Especially within low-income populations, the burdens of health care services are especially unpleasant due to significant financial costs, barriers to transportation, and high levels of stress. This study aimed to examine factors associated with HCU for chronic pain in low-income settings...
June 13, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Pamela Lilleston, Liliane Winograd, Spogmay Ahmed, Dounia Salamé, Dayana Al Alam, Kirsten Stoebenau, Ilaria Michelis, Sunita Palekar Joergensen
As the landscape of humanitarian response shifts from camp-based to urban- and informal-tented settlement-based responses, service providers and policymakers must consider creative modes for delivering health services. Psychosocial support and case management can be life-saving services for refugee women and girls who are at increased risk for physical, sexual and psychological gender-based violence (GBV). However, these services are often unavailable in non-camp refugee settings. We evaluated an innovative mobile service delivery model for GBV response and mitigation implemented by the International Rescue Committee (IRC) in Lebanon...
June 13, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Sabrina Gmuca, Rui Xiao, Pamela F Weiss, David D Sherry, Andrea M Knight, Jeffrey S Gerber
Objective: Thirty percent of adults with fibromyalgia receive an opioid, but the prevalence of opioid prescribing in pediatric chronic musculoskeletal pain is unknown. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with opioid exposure and polypharmacy among children with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study using health care claims data from 2000 to 2013, the index date was the first ICD-9 code 729...
June 13, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
C Kenis, L Decoster, J Flamaing, P R Debruyne, I De Groof, C Focan, F Cornelis, V Verschaeve, C Bachmann, D Bron, S Luce, G Debugne, H Van den Bulck, J-C Goeminne, D Schrijvers, K Geboers, B Petit, C Langenaeken, R Van Rijswijk, P Specenier, G Jerusalem, J-P Praet, K Vandenborre, J-P Lobelle, M Lycke, K Milisen, H Wildiers
Background: In the general older population, geriatric assessment (GA)-guided treatment plans can improve overall survival, quality of life and functional status (FS). In GA-related research in geriatric oncology, studies mainly focused on geriatric screening and GA but not on geriatric recommendations, interventions and follow-up. The aim of this study was to investigate the adherence to geriatric recommendations and subsequent actions undertaken in older patients with cancer. Patient and methods: A prospective Belgian multicenter (N=22) cohort study included patients ≥70 years with a malignant tumor upon oncologic treatment decision...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Sumadi Lukman Anwar, Guritno Adistyawan, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Boya Nugraha
Cancer diagnosis often substantially affects patient's physical, psychological, and emotional status. The majority of cancer patients experience declining of energy, activity levels, social-cultural participation and relationships. In addition, cancer progression and side effects of aggressive cancer treatment often cause debilitating pain, fatigue, weakness, joint stiffness, depression, emotional instability, limited mobility, poor nutritional status, skin breakdown, bowel dysfunction, swallowing difficulty, and lymphedema leading into functional impairment and disability that can be addressed through rehabilitation care...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Larry D Cripe, Kevin L Rand, Susan M Perkins, Yan Tong, Karen Krall Schmidt, David G Hedrick, Susan M Rawl
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced cancer often face distressing decisions about chemotherapy. There are conflicting data on the relationships among perceived prognosis, psychological characteristics, and chemotherapy use, which impair the refinement of decision support interventions. OBJECTIVE: Clarify the relationships among patient and oncologist estimates of life expectancy for 6 and 12 months, chemotherapy use, and patient psychological characteristics. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from two cross-sectional studies...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Megan L Robbins, Alexander Karan, Ana Maria Lopez, Karen Weihs
OBJECTIVE: This study revealed the landscape of non-cancer conversations, identifying topics and types of everyday conversation, and examined links to psychological adjustment among couples coping with breast cancer. METHODS: Fifty-two couples wore the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR) over one weekend and self-reported psychological adjustment while patients were on treatment. The EAR sampled 50 s of ambient sound every 9 min to estimate the frequency of non-cancer conversation and reveal topics and types of conversation...
June 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Donatella Tramontano, Francesca De Amicis
A successful aging could be gained by life satisfaction, social functioning, or psychological resources and, definitely, by increasing resistance to diverse age-related pathologies. Nowadays, cancer can be considered an age-related disease since the incidence of most cancers increases with age, rising more rapidly beginning in midlife. Although adults with extended longevity are less likely to develop cancer, it is now emerging that aging and cancer share common molecular links, and thus targeting these mechanisms may be suitable to treat multiple disorders, for the prolonging of healthy aging...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Hiwa Omer Ahmed
Background: Obesity influences all aspects of the life of obese patients physically, psychologically, socially and monetarily, it is not only a disease but rather a beginning point of a group of ailments and inabilities, which gradually impacts and changes all aspects of their life. Objectives: The changes in the Quality of life in respect to the amount of access weight lost after sleeve gastrectomy. Patients materials and methods: A prospective longitudinal study evaluating 40 female patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy within 4 years, starting from July 4th, 2012 up to July 5th, 2016...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Verónica A Segarra, Mariann Tillery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Anthony Dudo, John Besley, Lee Ann Kahlor, Hyeseung Koh, Jacob Copple, Shupei Yuan
In this study, we present results from an extensive survey of US-based microbiologists (adults) to explore these scientists' perceptions and behaviors related to communicating their research. Specifically, we explored the frequency with which microbiologists engage in public communication, how they evaluate their public communication experiences, and the factors associated with their willingness to engage in face-to-face and online public communication in the future. Data from a multi-wave online survey suggest that microbiologists (N = 903) are somewhat frequent communicators who derive great value from their outreach efforts...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Atsuki Ito, Matthias S Gobel, Yukiko Uchida
Previous research has shown that leadership is signaled through nonverbal assertiveness. However, those studies have been mostly conducted in individualistic cultural contexts, such as in the U.S. Here, we suggest that one important strategy for goal attainment in collectivistic cultures is for leaders to self-regulate their behaviors. Thus, contrary to the previous evidence from individualistic cultural contexts, in collectivistic cultural contexts, leaders might suppress nonverbal assertiveness. To test this possibility, we assessed nonverbal behaviors (NVB) of Japanese leaders and members, and how they were evaluated by observers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Montakarn Chuemchit, Suttharuethai Chernkwanma, Rewat Rugkua, Laddawan Daengthern, Pajaree Abdullakasim, Saskia E Wieringa
There is no recent national data on the prevalence of intimate partner violence in Thailand. This study proposed to examine the prevalence of intimate partner violence in 4 regions of Thailand by using a standardized questionnaire from the WHO multi country study on women's health and domestic violence. Two thousand four hundred and sixty-two married or cohabiting women aged 20-59 years were interviewed about their experiences of psychologically, physically, sexually violent, and/or controlling behaviors by their male partners ...
2018: Journal of Family Violence
Alexander Pilger, Helmuth Haslacher, Bernhard M Meyer, Alexandra Lackner, Selma Nassan-Agha, Sonja Nistler, Claudia Stangelmaier, Georg Endler, Andrea Mikulits, Ingrid Priemer, Franz Ratzinger, Elisabeth Ponocny-Seliger, Evelyne Wohlschläger-Krenn, Manuela Teufelhart, Heidemarie Täuber, Thomas M Scherzer, Thomas Perkmann, Galateja Jordakieva, Lukas Pezawas, Robert Winker
Burnout and work-related stress symptoms of anxiety disorder and depression cause prolonged work absenteeism and early retirement. Hence, reliable identification of patients under risk and monitoring of treatment success is highly warranted. We aimed to evaluate stress-specific biomarkers in a population-based, "real-world" cohort (burnouts: n = 40, healthy controls: n = 26), recruited at a preventive care ward, at baseline and after a four-month follow up, during which patients received medical and psychological treatment...
June 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dorthe Varning Poulsen, Ulrika K Stigsdotter, Annette Sofie Davidsen
Serving in the military leads to mental diseases, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), for a percentage of soldiers globally. The number of veterans with PTSD is increasing and, although medication and psychological treatments are offered, treatment results could be improved. Historically, different forms of nature-based therapy have been used for this target group. However, in spite of anecdotally good results, studies measuring the effect of this form of therapy are still lacking. The aim of this study is to explore how veterans with PTSD manage their everyday lives during and after a ten-week nature-based intervention in a therapy garden...
June 14, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Ossama Khalaf, Siegfried Resch, Lucie Dixsaut, Victoire Gorden, Liliane Glauser, Johannes Gräff
Whether fear attenuation is mediated by inhibition of the original memory trace of fear with a new memory trace of safety or by updating of the original fear trace toward safety has been a long-standing question in neuroscience and psychology alike. In particular, which of the two scenarios underlies the attenuation of remote (month-old) fear memories is completely unknown, despite the impetus to better understand this process against the backdrop of enduring traumata. We found-chemogenetically and in an engram-specific manner-that effective remote fear attenuation is accompanied by the reactivation of memory recall-induced neurons in the dentate gyrus and that the continued activity of these neurons is critical for fear reduction...
June 15, 2018: Science
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