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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054031/mental-health-of-heroin-users-with-differing-injection-drug-use-histories-a-non-treatment-sample-of-mexican-american-young-adult-men
#1
Kathryn M Nowotny, Tasha Perdue, Alice Cepeda, Avelardo Valdez
BACKGROUND: While the comorbidity of mental health and injecting heroin has been documented, current research is limited by describing the mental health of people who inject drugs without a comparison group and by the lack of research on nontreatment samples in the United States, particularly among Hispanics. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of injecting history (never, former, occasional, and daily) and multiple outcomes of global and mental health using a sample of U...
October 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053982/a-longitudinal-test-of-the-predictions-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicidal-behaviour-for-passive-and-active-suicidal-ideation-in-a-large-community-based-cohort
#2
Philip J Batterham, Jennie Walker, Liana S Leach, Jennifer Ma, Alison L Calear, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) aims to elucidate the key antecedents of suicide deaths. Limited research has tested the IPTS in a community setting, and very little longitudinal research has been conducted. The current study longitudinally tested the predictions of the IPTS for suicidal ideation in a large population-based sample. METHODS: The PATH through Life study assesses three age cohorts (20's, 40's, 60's) every four years...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053911/investigating-the-minimal-clinically-important-difference-for-snot-22-symptom-domains-in-surgically-managed-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#3
Naweed I Chowdhury, Jess C Mace, Todd E Bodner, Jeremiah A Alt, Adam S Deconde, Joshua M Levy, Timothy L Smith
BACKGROUND: Prior work has described 5 domains within the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test (SNOT-22) that allow for stratification of symptoms into similar clusters and that can be used to direct therapy. Although the outcomes of various interventions on these symptom domains have been reported, minimal clinically important difference (MCID) values have not been investigated, which has limited clinical interpretation of these results. METHODS: This study was designed as a secondary analysis of a prospective, multi-institutional, observational cohort...
October 20, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053758/sex-differences-in-long-term-mortality-among-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-results-from-the-isar-risk-and-art-studies
#4
Romy Ubrich, Petra Barthel, Bernhard Haller, Katerina Hnatkova, Katharina Maria Huster, Alexander Steger, Alexander Müller, Marek Malik, Georg Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Mortality rates in females who survived acute myocardial infarction (AMI) exceed those in males. Differences between sexes in age, cardiovascular risk factors and revascularization therapy have been proposed as possible reasons. OBJECTIVE: To select sets of female and male patients comparable in respect of relevant risk factors in order to compare the sex-specific risk in a systematic manner. METHODS: Data of the ISAR-RISK and ART studies were investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053655/assessment-of-pre-and-postoperative-anxiety-in-patients-undergoing-ambulatory-oral-surgery-in-primary-care
#5
E Reyes-Gilabert, L-G Luque-Romero, G Bejarano-Avila, A Garcia-Palma, A Rollon-Mayordomo, P Infante-Cossio
BACKGROUND: To analyze the pre- and postoperative anxiety level in patients undergoing ambulatory oral surgery (AOS) in a primary healthcare center (PHC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective and descriptive clinical study on 45 patients who underwent AOS procedures in the dental clinic of a public PHC of Spain between April and September 2015. Anxiety analysis was carried out with pre- and postoperative anxiety-state (STAI-S), anxiety-trait (STAI-T) and dental anxiety (MDAS) questionnaires...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053648/influence-of-clinical-and-psychological-variables-upon-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#6
A Blanco-Aguilera, E Blanco-Aguilera, R Serrano-Del-Rosal, L Biedma-Velázquez, A Rodriguez-Torronteras, R Segura-Saint-Gerons, A Blanco-Hungria
BACKGROUND: To analyze the association between the OHIP-14 and the different subtypes making up the clinical and psychological axis obtained using the RDC/TMD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 407 patients treated at the TMD unit of the Andalusian Healthcare Service were administered the Spanish version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders questionnaire (RDC/TMD), together with the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14). The degree of association between the patients' score in the OHIP-14 and the clinical and biopsychosocial variables was analyzed through bivariate and multivariate analyses, specifically through linear regression...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053523/enhanced-informed-consent-in-hand-surgery-techniques-to-improve-the-informed-consent-process
#7
Brent R DeGeorge, Anthony J Archual, Bruce D Gehle, Raymond F Morgan
The informed consent process is central to the practice of surgery. Rather than a single event or required form, informed consent should be an educational discussion between the surgeon and patient covering the proposed benefits, risks, potential complications, and alternatives of a given operation. The rise in medical malpractice claims in recent decades has placed ever greater importance on the informed consent process. Informed consent requires a patient with decision making capacity to comprehend the pertinent details of the proposed intervention...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053404/positive-body-image-is-positively-associated-with-hedonic-emotional-and-eudaimonic-psychological-and-social-well-being-in-british-adults
#8
Viren Swami, Laura Weis, David Barron, Adrian Furnham
Studies examining associations between positive body image and well-being have used a limited array of measures of each construct. To rectify this, we asked an online sample of 1148 UK adults to complete a range of measures of positive body image (body appreciation, body image flexibility, body pride, body acceptance from others) and a multi-dimensional measure of well-being (emotional, psychological, and social). Results showed that, once the effects of age and body mass index (BMI) had been accounted for, body appreciation significantly predicted all dimensions of well-being...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053369/effects-of-message-framing-on-influenza-vaccination-understanding-the-role-of-risk-disclosure-perceived-vaccine-efficacy-and-felt-ambivalence
#9
Sungsu Kim, Ivanka Pjesivac, Yan Jin
The current study examined the effects of framing in promotional health messages on intention to vaccinate against seasonal influenza virus. The findings of an experimental study (N = 86) indicated that exposure to both benefits and side effects of vaccination (gain-framed with risk disclosure message) led to lower intention to receive the flu vaccine. This relationship was mediated by both perceived vaccine efficacy and felt ambivalence in a serial order, revealing the underlying psychological mechanisms important for understanding health-related behaviors...
October 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053188/trends-in-risk-of-pregnancy-loss-among-us-women-1990-2011
#10
Lauren M Rossen, Katherine A Ahrens, Amy M Branum
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy loss can have physical and psychological consequences for women and their families. Though a previous study described an increase in the risk of self-reported pregnancy loss from 1970 to 2000, more recent examinations from population-based data of US women are lacking. METHODS: We used data from the 1995, 2002, 2006-2010, 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth on self-reported pregnancy loss (miscarriage, stillbirth, ectopic pregnancy) among US women (15-44 years) who reported at least one pregnancy conceived during 1990-2011 that did not result in induced termination (n = 20 012 women; n = 42 526 pregnancies)...
October 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053129/-medication-overuse-headache
#11
M Yu Maksimova, T Yu Сhochlova, L A Mota
Rebound headache (RH) is a chronic daily headache which occurs when analgesics, triptans, ergotamines are taken frequently (more than 15 days/month for more than 3 months) to relieve headaches. The prevalence of RH is 1 to 4% in the general population. RH commonly occurs in patients with migraine and tension-type headache. The deficit of central sensitization and psychological factors play an important role in initiating and maintaining of RH. Treatment of noofen for 2 months is effective in 75% of patients with RH...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053057/communal-coping-and-adjustment-to-chronic-illness-theory-update-and-evidence
#12
Vicki S Helgeson, Brittany Jakubiak, Meredith Van Vleet, Melissa Zajdel
We present a theory of communal coping that describes an optimal pathway to patient adjustment among couples in which one person faces a chronic illness. Communal coping consists of a shared illness appraisal (i.e., person perceives illness as a joint rather than individual problem) and collaboration with a partner to manage the illness. We present a model of the communal coping process that links patient and partner shared illness appraisals to collaboration and a set of supportive interactions that might be reframed as collaboration in the presence of shared illness appraisals...
October 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053054/ruling-minds-psychology-in-the-british-empire
#13
Rhodri Hayward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052952/factor-structure-of-the-cannabis-experiences-questionnaire-in-a-first-episode-psychosis-sample
#14
Michael L Birnbaum, Sean D Cleary, Claire Ramsay Wan, Luca Pauselli, Michael T Compton
AIM: The Cannabis Experiences Questionnaire (CEQ) was developed to measure the subjective experiences of cannabis use both during and after intoxication. Despite the need to better understand the nature of the complex and significant relationship between cannabis use and early psychosis, this questionnaire has rarely been used in individuals with first-episode psychosis. METHODS: We conducted a set of factor analyses using CEQ data from 194 first-episode psychosis patients who used cannabis in order to uncover the underlying factor structure of the questionnaire and thus the overarching types of psychological experiences during/after using cannabis in young people with psychotic disorders...
October 20, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052667/differences-in-coping-among-african-american-women-with-breast-cancer-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#15
Crystal C Watkins, Iye Kamara Kanu, Jill B Hamilton, Sharon L Kozachik, Fannie Gaston-Johansson
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in psychological distress, symptoms, coping capacity, and coping abilities among African American (AA) women with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non-TNBC and to explore differences in relationships among these variables.
. DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive, comparative, and correlational design.
. SETTING: Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.
. SAMPLE: 30 AA women with breast cancer...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052664/a-qualitative-study-exploring-models-of-supportive-care-in-men-and-their-partners-caregivers-affected-by-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#16
Charlotte Primeau, Catherine Paterson, Ghulam Nabi
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of patients with metastatic prostate cancer and their partners/caregivers, as well as an interprofessional team, with a nurse-led multimodality supportive care intervention. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative study. 
. SETTING: National Health Service (NHS), Tayside, Scotland.
. PARTICIPANTS: 19 patients, 7 partners/caregivers, and 7 interprofessional members from four hospitals in NHS, Tayside, Scotland...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052660/symptom-distress-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-toward-the-end-of-life
#17
Lissi Hansen, Nathan F Dieckmann, Kenneth J Kolbeck, Willscott E Naugler, Michael F Chang
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe the presence, frequency, severity, and distress of symptoms in outpatients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma toward the end of life, and the variability in psychological and physical symptom distress between and within patients over time. 
. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal, descriptive design. 
. SETTING: Outpatient clinics at two healthcare institutions. 
. SAMPLE: 18 patients (15 men and 3 women) with hepatocellular carcinoma and a mean age of 63...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052657/uncertainty-in-illness-theory-review-application-and-extension
#18
Yingzi Zhang
Mishel's uncertainty in illness theory provides a conceptual framework to explain how uncertainty is generated and how it affects psychological adjustment to the cancer experience. Since 1981, when it was created, researchers have used the theory to develop and test uncertainty management interventions in multiple populations of patients with cancer. This article reviews the theory's concepts and propositions, summarizes supporting evidence, and discusses extension of the theory, clinical implications, and future directions for research...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052655/psychological-distress-health-behaviors-and-benefit-finding-in-survivors-of-multiple-primary-cancers-results-from-the-2010-livestrong-survey
#19
Sarah M Belcher, Carissa A Low, Donna M Posluszny, Rebekkah Schear, Raegan E Kramer, Heidi S Donovan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether survivorship of multiple primary cancers (MPCs) is associated with psychological distress, positive health behaviors, and benefit finding.
. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the 2010 Livestrong cross-sectional survey.
. SETTING: Online survey.
. SAMPLE: 238 MPC survivors and 3,295 single cancer survivors.
. METHODS: Chi-square and t tests for group comparisons were used...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052616/pregenual-anterior-cingulate-dysfunction-associated-with-depression-in-ocd-an-integrated-multimodal-fmri-1-h-mrs-study
#20
Reza Tadayonnejad, Rangaprakash Deshpande, Olusola Ajilore, Teena Moody, Francesca Morfini, Ronald Ly, Joseph O'Neill, Jamie D Feusner
Depression is a commonly-occurring symptom in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and is associated with worse functional impairment, poorer quality of life, and poorer treatment response. Understanding the underlying neurochemical and connectivity-based brain mechanisms of this important symptom domain in OCD is necessary for development of novel, more globally effective treatments. To investigate biopsychological mechanisms of comorbid depression in OCD, we examined effective connectivity and neurochemical signatures in the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (pACC), a structure known to be involved in both OCD and depression...
October 20, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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