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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475105/the-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-in-adolescents-eight-years-after-the-wenchuan-earthquake
#1
Bingli Du, Xiaozhi Ma, Xiancai Ou, Ye Jin, Pengwei Ren, Jing Li
In 2008, an 8.0 Richter scale earthquake devastated Wenchuan in China, which resulted in heavy casualties, and had wide-reaching psychological effects on survivors. To examine its impact on the survivors, this study aims to investigate the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in adolescents eight years after the earthquake. The cross-section survey was conducted in two different earthquake-affected areas, and data were collected from 4118 respondents. Instruments included the questionnaire on demographic information, the questionnaire on seismic exposure, PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) questionnaire, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) and Simple Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ)...
February 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475055/toxic-stress-history-and-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-function-in-a-social-stress-task-genetic-and-epigenetic-factors
#2
Hannah E Lapp, Sarah Ahmed, Celia L Moore, Richard G Hunter
Histories of early life stress (ELS) or social discrimination can reach levels of severity characterized as toxic to mental and physical health. Such toxic social stress during development has been linked to altered acute hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) response to social stress in adulthood. However, there are important individual differences in the size and direction of these effects. We explored developmental, genetic, epigenetic, and contextual sources of individual differences in the relationship between ELS, discrimination, and adult responses to acute social stress in a standard laboratory test...
February 21, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474943/attenuated-activation-of-homeostatic-glucocorticoid-in-keratinocytes-induces-alloknesis-via-aberrant-artemin-production
#3
Akira Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Murota, Mika Terao, Ichiro Katayama
Intense chronic itch significantly reduces quality of life for atopic dermatitis (AD) patients, impairing daily activity. While abnormal itch sensation can be induced by innocuous stimuli, known as alloknesis, the mechanisms driving this process remain obscure. Psychological and environmental stimuli are known to aggravate AD symptoms. Recently, the enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-1 (HSD11β1), which is expressed in keratinocytes, has been implicated in maintaining homeostasis against environmental stimuli by activating endogenous glucocorticoids (GCs)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474791/just-another-ordinary-bad-birth-a-narrative-analysis-of-first-time-mothers-traumatic-birth-experiences
#4
Helen Murphy, Joanna Strong
A difficult birth experience can have long lasting psychological effects on both mother and baby and this study details 4 in-depth accounts of first time mothers who described their birth experience as traumatizing. Narrative analysis was used to record discrepancies between the ideal and the real and produced narrative accounts that highlighted how these mothers felt invisible and dismissed in a medical culture of engineering obstetrics. Participants also detailed how their birth experience could be improved and this is set in context alongside current recommendations in maternal health care and the complexities of delivering such care in UK health settings...
February 23, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474440/long-term-effects-of-conservative-treatment-of-milwaukee-brace-on-body-image-and-mental-health-of-patients-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#5
Ewa Misterska, Jakub Głowacki, Maciej Głowacki, Adam Okręt
We aimed to provide a complex assessment of adult females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) after a minimum of 23 years after completed Milwaukee brace treatment. In the present study, a comparison between healthy female and AIS patients' perception of trunk disfigurement, self-image, mental health, pain level and everyday activity was made. Thirty AIS patients with a mean of 27.77 yrs (SD 3.30) after the treatment were included in the study. The control group consisted of 42 females, matching the age profile of the patient group...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474403/cross-sectional-associations-between-psychological-traits-and-hpv-vaccine-uptake-and-intentions-in-young-adults-from-the-united-states
#6
Aaron M Scherer, Heather Schacht Reisinger, Marin L Schweizer, Natoshia M Askelson, Angela Fagerlin, Charles F Lynch
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection worldwide and can lead to the development of genital warts, and cancers throughout the body. Despite the availability of HPV vaccines for over a decade, uptake in the United States among adolescents and young adults remains well below national targets. While most efforts to improve HPV vaccine uptake have rightly focused on adolescents, there is still a tremendous opportunity to improve vaccination among young adults who have not been vaccinated against HPV...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474398/mental-toughness-latent-profiles-in-endurance-athletes
#7
Joanna S Zeiger, Robert S Zeiger
Mental toughness in endurance athletes, while an important factor for success, has been scarcely studied. An online survey was used to examine eight mental toughness factors in endurance athletes. The study aim was to determine mental toughness profiles via latent profile analysis in endurance athletes and whether associations exist between the latent profiles and demographics and sports characteristics. Endurance athletes >18 years of age were recruited via social media outlets (n = 1245, 53% female). Mental toughness was measured using the Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ), Psychological Performance Inventory-Alternative (PPI-A), and self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474215/occupational-stress-burnout-and-personality-in-anesthesiologists
#8
Raymond A B van der Wal, Jacqueline Wallage, Martin J L Bucx
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is a growing awareness of the problem of occupational stress and burnout among anesthesiologists. Occupational stress was found to be related to burnout, a process that is supposed to be moderated by personality. This article will discuss the topic of stress and burnout in relationship to anesthesiologists' personality based on recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies among anesthesiologists are in concordance with the broader body of literature on this topic...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474214/chronic-pain-after-hysterectomy
#9
Birgitte Brandsborg, Lone Nikolajsen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hysterectomy is a common surgical procedure with a low risk of major complications. However, some women experience long-lasting complications, including chronic postsurgical pain, which can have a negative impact on their quality of life. This review aims to present the recent literature on chronic pain following hysterectomy for benign indications. RECENT FINDINGS: Chronic pain following hysterectomy is reported in 10-50% of women. Risk factors include preoperative pelvic pain, pain elsewhere, acute postoperative pain, surgical procedure, and psychological factors such as anxiety and depression...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474138/an-exploratory-study-of-metacognitive-beliefs-about-coping-processes-in-prolonged-grief-symptomatology
#10
Jenine Wenn, Moira O'Connor, Lauren J Breen, Clare S Rees
Despite research examining the role of metacognitive beliefs about coping processes in maintaining psychological disorders, to date, no studies have explored their role in the maintenance of prolonged grief. Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with bereavement specialists and bereaved people with elevated grief to identify metacognitive beliefs about coping processes relevant to prolonged grief. Analysis revealed several metacognitive beliefs potentially driving maladaptive coping processes used by people with prolonged grief symptomatology...
February 23, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473966/beyond-abstinence-changes-in-indices-of-quality-of-life-with-time-in-recovery-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-u-s-adults
#11
John F Kelly, M Claire Greene, Brandon G Bergman
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment and recovery research typically have focused narrowly on changes in alcohol/drug use (e.g., "percent days abstinent") with little attention on changes in functioning or well-being. Furthermore, little is known about whether and when such changes may occur, and for whom, as people progress in recovery. Greater knowledge would improve understanding of recovery milestones and points of vulnerability and growth. METHODS: National, probability-based, cross-sectional sample of U...
February 23, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473698/a-proof-of-concept-pilot-randomized-comparative-trial-of-brief-internet-based-compassionate-mind-training-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-perinatal-and-intending-to-become-pregnant-women
#12
Alex R Kelman, Benjamin S Evare, Alinne Z Barrera, Ricardo F Muñoz, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a prevalent and costly mental health problem that affects women as well as their larger communities, with substantial impacts on mother and infant during childbearing years. Face-to-face care has not adequately addressed this global concern due to difficulties in scaling these resources. Internet interventions, which can provide psychological tools to those lacking adequate access, show promise in filling this void. METHOD: We conducted a 2-condition proof-of-concept pilot randomized trial comparing brief Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and brief Internet-based compassionate mind training (CMT) for women who are currently pregnant, became pregnant within the last year, and intend to become pregnant in the future...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473426/factors-associated-with-informant-reported-cognitive-decline-in-older-adults-a-systemised-literature-review
#13
Lucy Morrell, Paul M Camic, Michelle Genis
Background Dementia diagnoses are typically made where there is a significant, progressive decline in cognitive functioning. Evidence of such decline is increasingly established through information provided by informants. However, some studies demonstrate that informant reports may not always be accurate and may be biased by extraneous factors. This review aimed to elucidate factors that have been identified as potentially having some influence on informant reports of cognitive decline. Method A search of PsychInfo, ASSIA, PubMed and Web of Science databases identified 13 peer-reviewed studies that met criteria for inclusion in the review...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473383/prevalence-of-phimosis-and-foreskin-sliding-abnormalities-in-male-adolescents-and-their-correlation-with-later-onset-of-first-sexual-intercourse
#14
Giuseppe La Pera, Francesco De Luca, Attilio Guerani, Alessandro Palmieri, Giorgio Franco
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of andrological abnormalities, such as phimosis and foreskin sliding abnormalities among male adolescents, and if these might interfere with sexuality, leading to a later onset of sexual experiences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between April and May 2015 a prevention campaign in andrology was conducted in an area surrounding Rome, Ostia and the Ladispoli area, among 15-19 year-old students...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473255/the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-screener-gad-7-and-the-anxiety-module-of-the-hospital-and-depression-scale-hads-a-as-screening-tools-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-among-cancer-patients
#15
Peter Esser, Tim J Hartung, Michael Friedrich, Christoffer Johansen, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Hermann Faller, Uwe Koch, Martin Härter, Monika Keller, Holger Schulz, Karl Wegscheider, Joachim Weis, Anja Mehnert
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety in cancer patients may represent a normal psychological reaction. To detect patients with pathological levels, appropriate screeners with established cut-offs are needed. Given that previous research is sparse, we investigated the diagnostic accuracy of two frequently used screening tools in detecting generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: We used data of a multi-center study including 2141 cancer patients. Diagnostic accuracy was investigated for the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screener (GAD-7) and the anxiety module of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A)...
February 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473248/post-traumatic-growth-in-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors-is-it-possible-and-what-are-the-correlates
#16
Linda Sharp, Devon Redfearn, Aileen Timmons, Myles Balfe, Joanne Patterson
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is a possible positive consequence of a traumatic event, such as cancer. Head and neck cancer (HNC) may be particularly traumatic, given its adverse effects on functional, psychological and social wellbeing. We investigated: extent of PTG; factors associated with PTG; and associations between PTG and health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) in HNC survivors. METHODS: HNC survivors (ICD10 C00-C14, C32), identified from the population-based National Cancer Registry Ireland, completed a postal survey...
February 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473198/relationship-between-nurse-psychological-empowerment-and-job-satisfaction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Huanhuan Li, Shi Ying, Yuan Li, Zhuangjie Xing, Wang Shouqi, Ying Jie, Zhang Meiling, Sun Jiao
AIMS: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to synthesize and analyze studies that explored the relationship between the psychological empowerment and job satisfaction of nurses. BACKGROUND: Nurse turnover is an important cause of staff shortage. Job satisfaction is a major predictor of nurse turnover and is connected to the psychological empowerment of nurses. DESIGN: This systematic review and meta-analysis is based on the Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473186/being-in-safe-hands-patients-perceptions-of-how-cancer-services-may-support-psychological-well-being
#18
Lynda Appleton, Helen Poole, Christine Wall
AIMS: To explore how cancer services may positively promote and support patients' well-being throughout treatment. Specifically to identify components of care that are important to patients and meet their needs BACKGROUND: Patients commonly experience stress and uncertainty during their cancer journey which can have a negative impact on their psychological health and quality of life. Comparatively, little is known about how patients may experience positive well-being during their treatment experience...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473147/agency-and-responsibility-in-adolescent-students-a-challenge-for-the-societies-of-tomorrow
#19
Consuelo Mameli, Luisa Molinari, Stefano Passini
BACKGROUND: The literature in educational psychology converges on the idea that students should take an active and accountable position in their learning processes. Nevertheless, there is still a lack of research that has systematically put the constructs of agency and responsibility at the core of their interests. AIMS: In this study, we explore whether good experiences at school - here conceptualized as the general level of basic needs fulfilment and interpersonal justice - impact on student agency and responsibility, which in turn are considered as possible mediators between a good educational experience and two outcome measures, that is, academic achievement and career decision-making self-efficacy...
February 23, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473112/a-study-of-sensory-dysregulation-in-children-with-tic-disorders
#20
Hana Weisman, Shula Parush, Alan Apter, Silvana Fennig, Noa Benaroya-Milshtein, Tamar Steinberg
Disrupted somatosensory processing characterized by over- or under- responsiveness to environmental stimuli plays an important, yet often overlooked, role in typical development and is aberrant in various neurodevelopmental disorders. These dysfunctional somatosensory processes have been conceptualized as an entity termed somatosensory dysregulation (SMD). Since Tourette syndrome (TS) is a prototypical example of developmental psychopathological disorder, we hypothesised that SMD would be a feature found in children suffering from the disorder...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
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