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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026586/dilemma-during-ultrasound-guided-internal-jugular-venous-catheterization
#1
Sanjay Dwarakanath, Monica Cheriyan, Annette Rebel
The presence of Internal Jugular Valves can pose a diagnostic and procedural challenge during ultrasound-guided cannulation. After ruling out dissection, thrombus, or ultrasound artifacts, it can still be accessed and successfully cannulated with appropriate precautions including use of Live ultrasound, positioning, use of soft-tipped catheters, and minimizing duration of catheter placement.
October 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991766/comparative-analysis-of-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheterization-compared-to-blind-catheterization
#2
Darko Sazdov, Marija Jovanovski Srceva, Zorka Nikolova Todorova
INTRODUCTION: Central venous catheterization is performed by the landmark method and ultrasound guided method. The purpose of the study was to compare the success, average number of attempts, average time to return of blood, and complication rate between the two methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective study done in the Intensive Care Unit of the Acibadem Sistina Clinical Hospital, in Skopje. There were 400 patients in need of central venous catheter and they were prospectively randomized in two groups...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990283/metastatic-spread-from-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-hypopharynx-to-the-totally-implantable-venous-access-port-insertion-site-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Ankit Mangla, Nikki Agarwal, Michael Russell Mullane
BACKGROUND: The totally implantable venous access port plays a crucial role in delivering chemotherapy in the outpatient setting. Here, we report the first case of a patient with hypopharyngeal tumor who developed chest wall metastasis over the totally implantable venous access port inserted in the internal jugular vein. METHODS: Our patient, a 58-year-old man with a hypopharyngeal tumor presented with a lump over the totally implantable venous access port site...
October 9, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985729/a-novel-bedside-cardiopulmonary-physical-diagnosis-curriculum-for-internal-medicine-postgraduate-training
#4
Brian Thomas Garibaldi, Timothy Niessen, Allan Charles Gelber, Bennett Clark, Yizhen Lee, Jose Alejandro Madrazo, Reza Sedighi Manesh, Ariella Apfel, Brandyn D Lau, Gigi Liu, Jenna VanLiere Canzoniero, C John Sperati, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Daniel J Brotman, Thomas A Traill, Danelle Cayea, Samuel C Durso, Rosalyn W Stewart, Mary C Corretti, Edward K Kasper, Sanjay V Desai
BACKGROUND: Physicians spend less time at the bedside in the modern hospital setting which has contributed to a decline in physical diagnosis, and in particular, cardiopulmonary examination skills. This trend may be a source of diagnostic error and threatens to erode the patient-physician relationship. We created a new bedside cardiopulmonary physical diagnosis curriculum and assessed its effects on post-graduate year-1 (PGY-1; interns) attitudes, confidence and skill. METHODS: One hundred five internal medicine interns in a large U...
October 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982329/high-resolution-m-mode-evaluation-of-jugular-vein-valves-in-patients-with-neurological-and-neurosensory-disorders
#5
E Menegatti, M Tessari, M E Vannini, S Gianesini, A M Malagoni, A Ciorba, M Mazzoli, F Sisini, F Salvi, S Pelucchi, P Zamboni
BACKGROUND: High prevalence of valve absence was found in the internal jugular vein (IJV) of healthy volunteers by means of M-mode high-resolution echo colour Doppler (ECD). However, the prevalence of valve in neurovascular disorders linked to chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is still unknown. METHODS: A cohort of 83 healthy controls (HC), 71 multiple sclerosis (MS), 99 Inner Ear Disorders (IED) underwent ECD investigation of the IJV valve, including M-mode evaluation and related haemodynamics...
October 5, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980588/-identification-of-the-specific-topographic-features-of-the-neck-vessels-for-the-prevention-of-bleedings-during-tonsillectomy
#6
A I Kryukov, G Yu Tsarapkin, A A Ivanchikov, A S Tovmasyan, S G Arzamazov, S A Panasov, E V Gorovaya, A S Kakorin
The objective of the present work was to study syntopy of the large neck vessels in relation to the capsule of palatine tonsils with the use of the MRI technology. A total of 109 patients (218 palatine tonsils) presenting with chronic tonsillitis were available for the examination including 64 women and 45 men at the age varying from 15 to 54 years. All of them underwent MRI-guided vascular visualization in the paratonsillar region together with the measurements of the vessels extending to the capsule of the palatine tonsils at the level of the upper and lower poles, and also close to the mid-third of each palatine tonsil...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977057/importance-of-clinical-and-laboratory-findings-in-the-diagnosis-and-surgical-prognosis-of-patients-with-constrictive-pericarditis
#7
Fábio Fernandes, Dirceu Thiago Pessoa de Melo, Felix José Alvarez Ramires, Ricardo Ribeiro Dias, Marcio Tonini, Vinicius Dos Santos Fernandes, Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, Carlos Henrique Valente Moreira, Charles Mady
BACKGROUND: International studies have reported the value of the clinical profile and laboratory findings in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. However, Brazilian population data are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical characteristics, sensitivity of imaging tests and factors related to the death of patients with constrictive pericarditis undergoing pericardiectomy. METHODS: Patients with constrictive pericarditis surgically confirmed were retrospectively assessed regarding their clinical and laboratory variables...
October 2, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974915/a-case-of-upper-left-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-with-right-side-middle-lobe-syndrome
#8
Sathish Babu, Tom Devasia, Yeshwanth Rao Karkal, Ashwini Mohapatra
Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis is an extremely important clinical entity with potential for considerable morbidity and mortality. A 64-year-old woman was brought to the emergency department with complaints of left upper limb and neck swelling for 4 days. Ultrasonography of the neck showed thrombosis of the left internal jugular and other surrounding veins associated with local lymphadenopathy. Computed tomography (CT) of the neck also showed a hypodense 0.6 cm × 0.8 cm × 1.2 cm lesion in the right middle lobe bronchus, causing complete occlusion and collapse of the right middle lobe of the lung...
July 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969927/how-safe-is-the-ultrasonographically-guided-peripheral-internal-jugular-line
#9
REVIEW
Michael Gottlieb, Frances M Russell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967306/retrosigmoid-transmeatal-and-suprajugular-approach-for-cerebellopontine-angle-meningioma-operative-video
#10
Ken Matsushima, Michihiro Kohno
Surgical management of cerebellopontine angle meningiomas is challenging due to the intricate neurovascular structures within the limited operative field and the compression of eloquent structures including the brainstem. Surgery on tumors extending into the temporal bone is especially difficult and demands complicated approaches. However, modifications to the retrosigmoid approach utilizing intradural temporal bone drilling enable access to such tumoral extensions without any additional invasive approaches...
October 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966158/hybrid-transcatheter-left-ventricular-reconstruction-for-the-treatment-of-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#11
Carlo Zivelonghi, Patrick Klein, Martin J Swaans, Pierfrancesco Agostoni
AIMS: Treatment of advanced ischemic cardiomyopathy is often challenging, with recurrent episodes of cardiac decompensation and consequent need for multiple hospitalizations. Mixed outcomes have been previously reported after conventional surgical left ventricle(LV) reconstruction. Aim of this report is to describe a novel hybrid transcatheter technique to reconstruct the remodeled LV. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this manuscript, we provide a detailed step-by-step description of a novel procedure, called Less Invasive Ventricular Enhancement(LIVE), which reconstructs the remodeled LV by plication of anteroseptal LV scar, thus reducing the enlarged volume, decreasing wall stress and increasing ejection fraction...
October 3, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964774/delayed-2-h-post-stroke-administration-of-r18-and-na-1-tat-nr2b9c-peptides-after-permanent-and-or-transient-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-in-the-rat
#12
Diego Milani, Jane L Cross, Ryan S Anderton, David J Blacker, Neville W Knuckey, Bruno P Meloni
Following positive results with the poly-arginine peptide R18 when administered intravenously 30 or 60min after permanent and/or transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO; 90min) in the rat, we examined the effectiveness of the peptide when administered 2h after MCAO. R18 was administered intravenously (1000nmol/kg via jugular vein) after permanent MCAO or a transient 3-h MCAO or when administered intra-arterially (100nmol/kg via internal carotid artery) immediately after reperfusion following a transient 2-h MCAO...
September 28, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957991/venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-the-management-of-contralateral-iatrogenic-bronchus-perforation-during-lower-bilobectomy
#13
Dejan Radakovic, Marc Lazarus, Rainer G Leyh, Ivan Aleksic
Tracheobronchial rupture by a double-lumen endobronchial tube is a rare but life-threatening complication. We report a case of bronchial rupture during contralateral bilobectomy. Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support was instituted via the right femoral vein and the internal jugular vein with the patient in the left lateral decubitus position. Sleeve resection of the ruptured bronchus was performed. The patient was successfully discharged home. Rapid institution of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is helpful to manage this intraoperative complication...
August 22, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955700/usefulness-of-percutaneous-puncture-in-insertion-of-totally-implantable-venous-access-devices-in-pediatric-patients
#14
Jung Sik Choi, Keun-Myoung Park, Sungteak Jung, Kee Chun Hong, Yong Sun Jeon, Soon Gu Cho, Yun-Mee Choe
PURPOSE: Totally implantable venous access devices (TIVADs) are commonly used in pediatrics for the administration of chemotherapy, antibiotics, or parenteral nutrition. TIVADs can be implanted using various techniques, including surgical cutdown (SC) and percutaneous puncture (PP). Recently, percutaneous TIVAD became popular in adults, but studies comparing between PP and SC group in pediatric patients are rare. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected and analyzed retrospectively from 23 patients who underwent TIVAD at a single institution between January 2013 and December 2015...
September 2017: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952826/the-assessment-of-intravascular-volume-with-inferior-vena-cava-and-internal-jugular-vein-distensibility-indexes-in-children-undergoing-urologic-surgery
#15
Beliz Bilgili, Murat Haliloglu, Halil Tugtepe, Tumay Umuroglu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work is to assess the predictive value, for fluid responsiveness (FR), of the inferior vena cava distensibility index (IVC-DI) and internal jugular vein distensibility index (IJV-DI) in pediatric surgical patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prior to being placed under general anesthesia, 24 surgical patients were enrolled. Baseline parameters were recorded with the patient in the semirecumbent position (Stage 1). Next, the passive leg raising (PLR) maneuver was carried out and a second measurement was recorded (Stage 2)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948094/vascular-anatomy-is-a-determining-factor-of-successful-submental-flap-raising-a-retrospective-study-of-70-clinical-cases
#16
Hung-Che Lin, Yuahn-Sieh Huang, Yueng-Hsiang Chu, Shao-Cheng Liu, Wei-Chuan Shangkuan, Wen-Sen Lai, Jinn-Moon Yang, Yaoh-Shiang Lin, Kuo-Hsing Ma, Jih-Chin Lee
The vascular anatomy of submental flaps (SFs) represents a determining factor in successful SF raising. However, little attention has been focused on the venous return of SFs. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate SF venous return. This study enrolled patients who underwent SF reconstructive surgery in a tertiary referral center between November 2009 and October 2016. The drainage pathway of the SF venous return was routinely identified during the course of our operations to prevent damage during head and neck surgery...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940163/predicting-the-dimensions-of-an-intracardiac-partial-assist-pump-for-percutaneous-delivery-by-analytical-and-numerical-methods
#17
Robert E Smith, P Alex Smith, William E Cohn
A minimally invasive ventricular assist device is under development for percutaneous insertion into the left atrium via transseptal access from the right atrium (RA). This study aimed to mathematically describe the vascular anatomy along possible insertion pathways to determine the device's maximum outer dimensions. We developed 2-dimensional mathematical models describing the vascular anatomy to the RA from three access points: subclavian vein (SCV), internal jugular vein (IJV), and femoral vein (FV). All pathways terminated by turning from the superior or inferior vena cava (SVC/IVC) into the RA...
September 22, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932983/prevention-and-management-of-vascular-complications-in-middle-ear-and-cochlear-implant-surgery
#18
Filippo Di Lella, Maurizio Falcioni, Silvia Piccinini, Ilaria Iaccarino, Andrea Bacciu, Enrico Pasanisi, Davide Cerasti, Vincenzo Vincenti
The objective of this study is to illustrate prevention strategies and management of vascular complications from the jugular bulb (JB) and internal carotid artery (ICA) during middle ear surgery or cochlear implantation. The study design is retrospective case series. The setting is tertiary referral university hospital. Patients were included if presented pre- or intraoperative evidence of high-risk anatomical anomalies of ICA or JB during middle ear or cochlear implant surgery, intraoperative vascular injury, or revision surgery after the previous iatrogenic vascular lesions...
November 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928674/the-gly-16-allele-of-the-g16r-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-in-the-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-gene-augments-the-glycemic-response-to-adrenaline-in-humans
#19
Kim Z Rokamp, Jonatan M Staalsø, Morten Zaar, Peter Rasmussen, Lonnie G Petersen, Rikke V Nielsen, Niels H Secher, Niels V Olsen, Henning B Nielsen
Cerebral non-oxidative carbohydrate consumption may be driven by a β2-adrenergic mechanism. This study tested whether the 46G > A (G16R) single nucleotide polymorphism of the β2-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRB2) influences the metabolic and cerebrovascular responses to administration of adrenaline. Forty healthy Caucasian men were included from a group of genotyped individuals. Cardio- and cerebrovascular variables at baseline and during a 60-min adrenaline infusion (0.06 μg kg(-1) min(-1)) were measured by Model flow, near-infrared spectroscopy and transcranial Doppler sonography...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923674/internal-jugular-vein-thrombosis-an-atypical-location-of-venous-thromboembolic-disease
#20
María Fuentes Spínola, Juan Criado-García, Laura Limia Pérez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Medicina Clínica
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